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v y v v u v ■ v ■"■ V 













The 

Lives of 

The Sahabah 











Vol-l 



By: 

Hazrat Maulana Muhammad 
Yusuf Kandhelvi (R.a.) 

(1917-1965) 

Translated By: 

Mufti Afzal Hoosen Elias 



IjlamicUook Service 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&&&£ (Vol-1) 



CONTENTS 

Foreword to Original Arabic Edition 25 

Foreword to the Urdu Edition 29 

Foreword by the Urdu Translator 31 

Foreword to English Translation 34 

Brief History 34 

His thoughts 35 

Qur'aan Verses Concerning Obedience to Allaah £)J£i£K= and His Rasool (JSil 40 

Ahaadeeth Concerning Obedience to Rasulullaah &§ Following him and Following the Khulafa $912®©.. 45 

Qur'aanic Verses Concerning Rasulullaah ®1? and the Sahabah (@!2@e> 48 

Verses oftheQur'aan Concerning the Sahabah i@)S®g> 53 

Mention of Rasulullaah iHI and the Sahabah $B!3@js>> in the Divine Scriptures that Came Before the 

Qur'aan 56 

Ahaadeeth Describing Rasulullaah && 57 

Chapter One 69 

The Chapter Concerning Da'wah Towards Allaah and His Rasool *&&£ 69 

Love for Da'wah and Preoccupation With it 69 

The Concern of Rasulullaah &§ for Manking to Accept Imaam 69 

Rasulullaah &£ Preaches to his People at the Time When his Uncle Abu Taalib is about to Leave the Wordl. 70 

Rasulullaah W& Presents the Kalimah to his Uncle Abu Taalib 71 

Rasulullaah &$• refuses to Forsake Calling people to Allaah 73 

Rasulullaah {Jl^i's Resolve to Fight for the Duty that Allaah Sent him with 78 

Rasulullaah {£§$1 Commands Hadhrat Ali 3SPi®s> to First call People towards Islaam During the Battle 

ofKhaybar 79 

The Outstanding Perseverance of/Rasulullaah &§ when Inviting Hakam bin Kaysaan to Islaam 80 

Wahshi bin Harb Accepts Islaam N 80 

Hadith of Tameem Daari Concerning the Spreading of Islaam 82 

Hadhrat UmarS3!2®eJ's Desire for the Renegades to Retuni to Islaam : 83 

Hadhrat Umar JSPsSg&S Weeps over the Exertion of a Christian "Monk 84 

Rasulullaah &SSI Preaches to Individuals .'. 84 

Rasulullaah <&M Invites Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5g»2®e> to Is^am 84 

Rasulullaah {Jiif Invites Hadhrat Umar &S^& to Islaam 85 

Rasulullaah iS^Jnvites Hadhrat Uthmaan ©!2®fe' to Islaam 86 

Rasulullaah gSSi Invites Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib i£l!2@s> to Islaam 87 

Rasulullaah &%§ Invites Hadhrat Amr bin Abasa M%&?> to Islaam 88 

Rasulullaah (J§H? invited Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed bin Al Aas 5£3J2@g> to Islaam 89 

Rasulullaah {S&SS Invites Hadhrat Dimaad *£l)2®e> to Islaam 90 

Rasulullaah g§H Invites Hadhrat Husayn 5gPi@s) to Islaam, who was the Father of Hadhrat Imraan bin 

HusaynS3)S®g ; 92 

Rasulullaah £S$§ Invites an Unnamed man to Islaam 93 

Rasulullaah {JSSI Invites Hadhrat Mu'aawiya bin Haydah to Islaam 94 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&®0 (Vol-1) 



Rasulullaah &§ Invites Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim SKSSSsto Isiaam 94 

Rasulullaah &£ Invites Dili Jowshin Dhababi SSSffig to Isiaam „ 97 

Rasulullaah {£il? Invites Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah to Isiaam 97 

Rasulullaah && Invites an Unnamed Person to Isiaam 98 

Rasulullaah &§ Invites Hadhrat Abu Quhaafa SSSSSSg to Isiaam 100 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah &£ Gave to Individuals who did not Accept Isiaam 100 

Rasulullaah WM Invites Abu Jahal to Isiaam 100 

Rasulullaah ®§ Invites Waleed bin Mughiera to Isiaam 101 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah i^ Gave to Pairs 102 

Rasulullaah &§ Invites Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan @!2®ei and Hind (£@l2j»' to Isiaam 102 

Rasulullaah &£ Invites Hadhrat Talha Jgfe®ts and Hadhrat Zubayr 5g!!2®gi to Isiaam 104 

Rasulullaah &§ Invites Hadhrat Ammaar gS3@&' and Hadhrat Suhayb ©12®$ to Isiaam 104 

Rasulullaah {J§H Invites Hadhrat Sa'd bin Zurarah &SS(&& and Dhakwaan bin Abd Qais Wi®&® to Isiaam 104 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah {^i Gave to Groups 105 

Leaders of the Quraysh Dispute the Da'wah Rasulullaah {iH Gave them 105 

Rasulullaah ®I? invites Abil Haysim and some youths from the Banu Abdil Ash'hal to Isiaam 107 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah 8i$l gave to Large Gatherings 108 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah (JSH gave to Various Arab Tribes During the Hajj Season 109 

Rasulullaah W$£ Invites the Banu Abs Tribe to Isiaam 110 

Rasulullaah i^i Invites the Kindah Tribe to Isiaam 111 

Rasulullaah &§§| Invites the Banu Ka'b Tribe to Isiaam 112 

Rasulullaah (£j3ir Invites the Bani Kalb to Isiaam 114 

Rasulullaah {SSI Invites the Bani Haneefah to Isiaam 114 

Rasulullaah @SI Invites the Banu Bakr to Isiaam 114 

Rasulullaah {j§H Invites Various Tribes to Isiaam at Mina 116 

Rasulullaah W^ Invites a Large Group to Isiaam at Mina 116 

Rasulullaah W$j Invites the Banu Shaybaan to Isiaam 117 

Rasulullaah && Invites the Aws and Khazraj Tribes to Isiaam 121 

The Da'wah that Rasulullaah ®SI gave in the Marketplaces 126 

Rasulullaah W8f Invites His Close Relatives to Isiaam 127 

Rasulullaah ®I- Addresses Faatima and Safiyya E@l2®s 127 

Rasulullaah @i? Invites his Household and Other Relative for a meal to Call them towards Islam 128 

Rasulullaah ^® Coveys the Da'wah of Isiaam while Travelling 130 

Rasulullaah {iHi Gives Da'wah During the Hijrah 130 

Rasulullaah &§ Invites a Villager to Isiaam while on a Journey 130 

Rasulullaah &§ Invites Burayda bin Khusayb and his Companions to Isiaam during the Hijrah Journey.. 131 

Rasulullaah @i? Travels by Foot to Convey the Da'wah of Isiaam 131 

Rasulullaah 898$ Walks to Taa'if 131 

Inviting Towards Isiaam on the Battlefield .^^^^r. 132 

Rasulullaah iJi^i Never Fought anyone Until he had Invited them to Allaah 132 

Rasulullaah &Hs Instructs the Commanders of Muslims Troops to Convey the Message of Isiaam 132 

Rasulullaah 8§$§ Commands Hadhrat Ali ©t&$!S> Not to fight until he had Invited the Enemy to Isiaam . 133 

Rasulullaah (Ji$| Commands Hadhrat Farwa Ghutayfi ©!2®e> to Convey the Da'wah of Isiaam 134 

Rasulullaah 8S§| Instructs Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed Wizffl&i to Convey the Da'wah when he was sent 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '[@JSS®9 (Vol-1) 



to Yemen 134 

Rasulullaah i§i? Frees Captives who had not been Invited to Islaam 135 

Rasulullaah (SSif Dispatches Individuals to give Da'wah 136 

Rasulullaah &§ Sends Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr Hs2&&% to Madinah 136 

Rasulullaah {SS£§ Dispatches Hadhrat Abu Umaamah ©!3®e! to his People the Baahilah tribe 137 

Rasulullaah &£ Sends a Person to the Banu Sa'd tribe 138 

Rasulullaah (£S$i sends a Person to a Man who was Influential during the Period of Ignorance 139 

Rasulullaah ®i? Dispatches Groups to Give Da'wah 140 

Rasulullaah ££§1? Sends Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JsJ12i®e> to Banu Baliy to Encourage the people to 

Accept Islaam 140 

Rasulullaah {£8§| Dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SsMSiSi to Yemen 141 

Rasulullaah &% Dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed &&&s to Najraan , 141 

The Letter Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 5SN2®© Sent to Rasulullaah t&^i; 141 

The Letter that Rasulullaah &§ sent in reply to Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed ©!2®si 142 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed JSRSffigi Returns to Rasulullaah (SsSi with a Delegation of the Banu Haarith. 143 

Rasulullaah &£ Calls people towards Fulfilling the Faraa'idh of Islaam 143 

Rasulullaah &§ Teaches Hadhrat Mu'aadh SSJSiSei how to Call people towards the Faraa'idh of Islaam 

as he Leaves for Yemen 144 

Rasulullaah ®P Calls Hadhrat Howshab Dhi Dhulaym 5£3i2s®g> towards Fulfilling the Faraa'idh of Islaam 144 

Rasulullaah && Calls the Abd Qais Delegation towards Fulfilling the Faraa'idh of Islaam 145 

The Hadith of Hadhrat Alqama *£i©@g> Concerning the Reality of Imaan, Giving Da'wah towards Imaan 

and the Faraa'idh 145 

The Letter Rasulullaah &§ sent to Najaashi the King of Abyssinia 148 

The Letter of Reply that Najaashi sent to Rasulullaah {JSH 148 

The Letter Rasulullaah Wife sent to Heraclius the Emperor of Rome 149 

Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan ©ISfflj?) and Heraclius 153 

The Letter Rasulullaah ®i? sent to Kisra the Emperor of Persia 156 

The Letter Rasulullaah WM sent to Maqoqis the King of Alexandria 159 

The Letter that Rasulullaah &$• sent to the People of Najraan 160 

The Letter Rasulullaah @f$i Sent to the Bakr binWaa'il Tribe 165 

The Letter Rasulullaah &$& Sent to the Banu Judhaama Tribe 165 

Incidents About the Character and Actions of Rasulullaah £j$H that Inspired People to Accept Islaam .... 166 

The Conversion to Islaam of Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na IMiSsfe' who had been a Jewish Rabbi 166 

The Incident of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 168 

The Quraysh Prevent Rasulullaah Wife from Visiting the Kabah 168 

Budayl's Meeting With Rasulullaah {S$g 168 

Urwa bin Mas'ood's Meeting with Rasulullaah Wife 169 

A man from the Kinaana Tribe Meets with Rasulullaah Wife 170 

Suhayl bin Ami's Meeting with Rasulullaah WM and the Clauses of the treaty 171 

The incident of Abu Jandal SMsSg 172 

The Incident of Hadhrat Abu Baseer J&t)3®s) and the Two Men who were sent after him 174 

Hadhrat Abu Jandal Sl2®5> Joins up with Hadhrat Abu Baseer 5£3j2ilg> and they attack the Caravans of 

the Quraysh , 174 

Rasulullaah Wife Sends Hadhrat Uthmaan 5&R2s®9 to Makkah after Setting up Camp in Hudaybiyyah.... 175 



8 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&$$& (Vol-1) 

The Words of Hadhrat Umar '<&&&?> Concerning the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 176 

The Words of Hadhrat Abu Bakr S3(3@g> Concerning the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 177 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 5SJli$$© Accepts Islaam 177 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S)(2i®fe' Accepted Islaam 179 

The Conquest of Makkah 182 

Rasulullaah (£S5if Leaves Madinah and Camps at Marruz Zahraan 182 

The Leaders of the Quraysh Spy on the Muslims 182 

Hadhrat Abbaas S3fi3®g> Encourages the Quraysh to Appeal for Amnesty 183 

The Incident of Abu Sufyaan with Hadhrat Abbaas and Hadhrat Umar js^JIs®© 183 

Abu Sufyaan Testifies to the Perfect Nature of Rasulullaah SHI and Enters the Fold of Islaam 184 

Those to Whom Rasulullaah &% Granted Amnesty on the Day the Muslims Conquered Makkah 185 

The Manner in which Rasulullaah (H^ Entered Makkah 186 

Suhayl bin Amr Accepts Islaam and Testifies to the Noble Character of Rasulullaah &§ 193 

Rasulullaah Hl£'s Speech to the People of Makkah on the day Makkah was Conquered 193 

Hadhrat Ikrama bin Abi Jahal Accepts Islaam 194 

Hadhrat Ikrama 3£»2@tS is Granted Amnesty on the Request of his Wife 194 

Hadhrat Ikrama Accepts Islaam and Testifies to the Perfect Excellence of Rasulullaah (§§i? 195 

The Da'wah that Rasulullaah &£ gave to Hadhrat Ikrama Sl2®s> 196 

Hadhrat Ikrama 5S.l*s@g> strives in Jihaad and is martyred 197 

Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah *s>!3@2) Accepts Islaam 197 

Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah SUSSSsi is Granted Amnesty at the request of Hadhrat Umayr bin 

WahabSPs^si 197 

Rasulullaah i^» sends his Turban to Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah SMS® to Confirm his Amnesty.. 198 
Hadhrat Safwaan Wiiffi&j Marches with Rasulullaah W$s Against the Hawaazin Tribe and Accepts Islaam 199 

Hadhrat Huwaytib bin Abdil Uzza S3)2®je> Accepts Islaam 200 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr 5SB2j@ei invites Hadhrat Huwaytib bin Abdil Uzza ©IS®?! to Islaam and he Accepts.. 200 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Hishaam S$jb®s> Accepts Islaam „ 201 

Hadhrat Nudhayr bin Haarith 5S5)2®g) Accepts Islaam 202 

The BanuThaqeef tribe of Taa'if Accept Islaam 203 

Rasulullaah &§ Leaves the Thaqeef Tribe and Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood 3§3©®s> Accepts Islaam 203 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood *£Jl3j®s> Invites his people to Islaam and is Martyred 203 

The Thaqeef Tribe Sends Abd Yaaleel bin Amr With a Delegation to Rasulullaah &£ ,Who is Informed 

of theie Arrival 204 

The Da'wah that The Sahabah isi9l3®e> Gave to Individuals 205 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©!2®g Gives Da'wah to Individuals 205 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab W&8&J Gave 206 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 5£3)2@e> Gave 207 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr *£%x!®st> gave to Hadhrat Usayd bin Hudhayr 3£Dl3@ei who 

Accepts Islaam 207 

Hadhrat Mus'ab JSP®® Gives Da'wah to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh t 208 

Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh ©!2@s> Gives Da'wah to the Banu Abdil Ash'hal Tribe 209 

Hadhrat Tulayb bin Umayr JUlSSSS Gives Da'wah to his Mother Arwa bint Abdil Muttalib 210 

Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab Jumhi ©SSffl® gives Da'wah and His Acceptance of Islaam 211 

Umayr bin Wahab and Safwaan bin Umayyah 211 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&§> (Vol-1) 



Umayr bin Wahab With Rasulullaah &£ 212 

Umayr bin Wahab Accepts Islaam and Gives Da'wah to the People of Makkah 212 

A Large Number of People Accept Islaam at the Hands of Hadhrat Umayr ©!£©«> 213 

The Comment of Hadhrat Umar 5sS3®9 Concerning the Conversion of Hadhrat Umayr SSS&S© 213 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra SUlSSei Gives Da'wah to his Mother and She Accepts Islaam 214 

Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym Gives Da'wah 215 

The Da'wah that The Sahabah i@S@» Gave to Various Tribes and Arabs 215 

The Da'wah Hadhrat Dimaam bin Tha'laba Gave to the Banu Sa'd bin Bakr Tribe 215 

The Banu Sa'd Accept Islaam and the Statement of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SSSSag Concerning 

Hadhrat Dimaam SSSSfis 216 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah Juhani Jgjjsfe Gives Da'wah to his People 217 

The Dream Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah *£&i@si had About the Risaalat of Rasulullaah &§§ 217 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah Ws%&& Meets Rasulullaah &§$§ and Accepts Islaam 217 

Rasulullaah &£ Sends Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah ©I2@S> to Give Da'wah to his People and Advises Him . 21 8 
Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah 5£)12®e> Comes to Rasulullaah WSs with Those from his Tribe who Accepted 

Islaam and Rasulullaah W^ has a Letter Written for them 219 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood S)!£®€> gives Da'wah to the Thaqeef Tribe 219 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'Wl §S2®s> Accepts Islaam, Gives Da'wah to his People and they Kill him 219 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood 5£S!2s®s> Becomes Happy with his Martyrdom and Advises his People 220 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr Dowsi 5S3!S®si Gives Da'wah to his People 221 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr 5i5!3@g Arrives in Makkah and His Experience with the Quraysh 221 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr ©!£®s> Accepts Islaam ,,■ 221 

Hadhrat Tufayl S!2®s> Returns to his People to Invite them to Islaam and Allaah Assists him by Granting 

him a Sign '. 222 

Hadhrat Tufayl isSSSs!® invites his Father and Wife to Islaam and they Both Accept 222 

Rasulullaah &£ Makes Du'aa for the Dows Tribe After Which They Accept Islaam and Come to Rasulullaah 

®Sg Along with Hadhrat Tufayl m%m 222 

The Sahabah $9SS@Ss» Dispatch Individuals and Groups to Give Da'wah 224 

Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas W$&t> and others are sent to Heraclius 224 

The Sahabah iSBSSSa send Letters to Invite Towards Allaah and Islaam 224 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Haarith Sudaa'ee Sends a Letter to his People 224 

Hadhrat Bujayr bin Zuhayr bin Abi Sulma ©)3ffiSs> Writes a Letter to his Brother Ka'b 226 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W&S&j Writes to the People of Persia 227 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed '<gm&j Writes to the People of Madaa'in 228 

Hadhrat Kaalid bin Waleed SSSSSSg Write to Humuz 228 

The Sahabah m^Bj Give Da'wah in the Battlefield During the Time of Rasulullaah (Hi 230 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim Tarneemi S3!S@g Gave 230 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Kab'b bin Umayr Ghifaari mm® Gave 231 

Ibn Abil Awjaa 313!3@sS Gives Da'wah 231 

The Sahabah SSSSffiSs Give Da'wah in the Battlefield During the Time of Hadhrat Abu Bakr SSS8S& who 

Advised his Commanders to do so 231 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©IS®© Instructs his Commanders to give Da'wah When he Dispatched Armies to Shaam. 231 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr @!S®sS's Instructions to Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S3J3®e when he Sent him to 
Fight the Murtaddeen 232 



10 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |3cSftSi€!?g> (Vol-1) 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed Js3!2@s> Gives Da'wah to the people of Heera 233 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S312®s> invited the Roman Commander Jarja to Islaam and he Accepts 234 

Hadhrat Khaalid mmt>: No 234 

Jarja: Then why are you called the sword of Allaah ('Sayfullaah')? 234 

Jarja: What about those who do not accept this? 234 

The Sahabah ftSBS@S> Give Da'wah in the Battlefield During the Time of Hadhrat Umar ©!3@s> who 

Advised his Commanders to do so 236 

Hadhrat Umar ©!2®& Writes to Hadhrat Sa'd &0%&t> to Invite People to Islaam for Three Days 236 

Hadhrat Salmaan Faarsi ®!2®g Invites People to Islaam for Three Days at Qasrul Abyadh 236 

Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Muqarrin 3SJ!2®e> and his Companions give Da'wah to Rustam During the Battle of 

Qaadisiyyah :». 1 237 

Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba ©!^®s5 gives Da'wah to Rustam 237 

Hadhrat Rib'ee bin Aamir W$%@£*> Invites Rustam to Islaam 238 

Hadhrat Hudhayfa bin Mihsin W$&& and Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba SSSSSs present the Da'wah to 

Rustam on the Second and Third Days 239 

Hadhrat Sa'd 3£J)2@g> Sends a group of Sahabah $9S®e> to give Da'wah to the Persian Leader Before 

Engaging in Battle 240 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mu'tam 5*3& ; ®& Gives Da'wah to the Banu Taghlib Tribe and others During the 

Battle for Tikrit 245 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 5U12®£ Gives Da'wah During the Battle for Egypt 245 

The Sahabah {@@@e Give Da'wah During a Battle under the Leadership of Hadhrat Salama bin Qais 

Ash'ja'ee &&&» 247 

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari 5&P@ei Gives Da'wah to the People of Isfahan before Engaging them in Battle 248 
Incidents About the Character and Actions of the Sahabah (S!2®sei that Inspired People to Accept Islaam .. 248 
Hadhrat Abu Dardaa 3SP@&' Accepts Islaam and the Role that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha 3g3)2@e> 

Played In this 250 

The Letter that Hadhrat Umar Jg3i2@® Wrote to Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 2§Si3!«S Concerning Jizya and 

Prisoners of War 251 

What Happened the Sahabah $&&&& did during the Conquest of Alexandria 252 

The Incident of Hadhrat Ali JiXaffig's Armour and his Interaction with a Christian who then Accepted Islaam 252 

Chapter Two 254 

The Chapter Concerning the Bay'ah 254 

Pledging Allegiance to Islaam 254 

The Hadith of Hadhrat Jareer S3!2®& in this Regard 254 

The pledge of allegiance' that Elders, Youngsters, Men and Women took on the Day that Makkah was 

Conquered 254 

Hadhrat Mujaashi JgJJS®® and his Brother Ws%®% pledge allegiance to Islaam and Jihaad 255 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah pledges allegiance to Islaam 255 

Pledging Allegiance to the Injunctions of Islaam 255 

Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah £i}£3$jg Pledges Allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam as well as 

Sadaqah and Jihaad 255 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah W&HM> pledges his allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam and wishing 

well for Every Muslim 256 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$*$$% (Vol-1) 11 

Hadhrat Awf bin Maalik $$&$?£> and his Companions pledge their allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam 

and that they Shall not Beg from People 257 

Hadhrat Thowbaan &&&!% pledges that he would not ask Anyone for Anything 257 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr &$8&$ pledges allegiance to Five Factors 258 

Hadhrat Sahl bin Sa'd JeS^Sfe' and some Other Sahabah '&$m pledge their allegiance to the Injunctions 

of Islaam 258 

Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit ©!«!&' and Other Sahabah '&$$&$ pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah 

W®H for the First Time at Aqaba 259 

Pledging Allegiance to Undertake the Hijrah , 259 

Hadhrat Ya'la bin Munyah S3!3i@&' pledges allegiance on Behalf of his father 259 

Sahabah '&3®% Pledge their Allegiance to the Hijrah during the Battle of Khandaq 260 

Pledging Allegiance to Assist Others 260 

Seventy Sahabah IS!2@ei from the Ansaar Pledge their Assistance in the Valley of Aqaba 260 

The Ansaar Select Twelve Leaders 262 

Hadhrat Abul Haytham S$2@S pledges allegiance and his Address to his People 263 

The Statement of Hadhrat Abbaas bin Ubaadah SJ!3®gi when the Bay'ah took Place 263 

Pledging Allegiance to Jihaad 264 

Pledging to Die 265 

Hadhrat Salama bin Akwa ©!3®>sS Pledges to Die (In Defence of Islaam) 265 

Pledging to Listen and to Obey 265 

The Statement of Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit W&&6 in this Regard 265 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah ©!3®«S Pledges to Listen, to obey and to Wish Well for all Muslims 266 

Hadhrat Utba bin Abd JsSSsS^ pledges allegiance and Rasulullaah {$$f "s Advice to Add the words "To 

the best of my Ability 266 

Women pledged Their allegiance 266 

The Ansaar Women pledged their allegiance when Rasulullaah {JSSi Arrived in Madinah 266 

Hadhrat Umayma bint Ruqayqa tS@»®£> Pledges Allegiance to Islaam 268 

Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba BSS®9 Pledges Allegiance •■ 268 

Hadhrat Azza bint Khaabil mm% pledges Allegiance to Rasulullaah $M 269 

Hadhrat -Faatima bint Utba ESS®® Pledges Allegiance Along with her Sister Hadhrat Hind W%®% Who 

Was the Wife of Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan ©!2s®si 269 

The Bay'ah of Children who Had Not Yet Come of age , 271 

Hadhrat Hasan, Husayn, Abdullaah bin Abbaas and Abdullaah bin Ja'far m%®& Pledge Their Allegiance . 271 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr m%m and Abdullaah bin Ja'far W&/&& Pledge their allegiance 271 

The Sahabah $SE5@® Pledge their Allegiance at the Hands of the Khulafaa '(©£» 272 

The Sahabah W&!@>0 pledge their Allegiance at the Hand of Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©!3@s> 272 

The Sahabah (OS®© Pledge their Allegiance at the Hand of Hadhrat Umar *£M@& 273 

A Delegation from Hamraa pledge allegiance at the Hand of Hadhrat Uthmaan SSSsfe 273 

The Muslims pledge their allegiance to the Khilaafah of Hadhrat Uthmaan ©IS®* 273 

Chapter Three 275 

The Chapter Concerning the Hadrdships that Were Borne for The Pleasure of Allaah 275 

The Comments of Hadhrat Miqdaad SS2®s> Concerning the Conditions Under Which Rasulullaah isH 
was Sent to Propagate Islaam 275 



12 ; THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&$&> (Vol-1) 

The Comments of Hadhrat Hudhayfa *§lis@g> in this Regard 276 

Rasulullaah @i? Endures Hardship and Difficulty When Giving Da'wah towards Allah 276 

The Comments of Rasulullaah £||| in this Regard 276 

What Rasulullaah >&M Said to his Uncle when he Thought that his Uncle would Reduce the Support he 

Provided 277 

The Hardships that Rasulullaah (Sl§ Experienced after the Death of his Uncle 278 

The Harassment that Rasulullaah &$£ Received from the Quraysh and his Response 278 

The Comment of Hadhrat Ali ipi^S® Concerning the Courage of Hadhrat Abu Bakr JsKSSSSs to Deliver 

a Sermon 281 

Some leaders of the Quraysh throw the Entrails of an Animal on Rasulullaah {§§JIS and Abul Bakhtari takes 

Revenge on his Behalf * 281 

Hadhrat Hamza 3p2®>» is outraged when Abu Jahal Harasses Rasulullaah &H? 282 

Abu Jahal Resolves to Cause Harm to Rasulullaah £SSf and Allaah Humiliates him 283 

Tulayb bin Umayr Avenges the harm that Abu Jahal Caused to Rasulullaah &£ 284 

Rasulullaah (SSi* Curses Utayba bin Abi Lahab because of the Hurt he caused and he is Eventually Killed . 284 

Rasulullaah (S® Suffers at the hands of his Two Neighbours Abu Lahab and Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet 285 

The Pain Rasulullaah iS^i Endured in Taa'if 286 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah W$£ made after Leaving Taa'if 288 

Addaas who was a Christian Accepts Islaam and Testifies that Rasulullaah &0; is Cerrainly the Rasul 

of Allaah 288 

The Hardship Rasulullaah {S^i Bore During the Battle of Uhud 289 

The Sahabah i@SS®g Endure Hardships and difficulties when Giving Da'wah towards Allaah 291 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr §5)S@g Endures Hardships and difficulties 291 

Rasulullaah (iSsi Prays for Hadhrat Umar !£S&®st> and he Accepts Islaam 292 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr JS3!S®9 leaves for Abyssinia when the Muslims Face Intense Harassment and Meets 

IbnudDaghina 293 

Hadhrat Umar *13|2@g Endures Hardships and difficulties 296 

Hadhrat Uthmaan JsKSS® Endures Hardships and difficulties 297 

Hadhrat Talha *§312@g> Endures Hardships and difficulties 297 

Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam ©ISSJlg Endures Hardships and difficulties 298 

The Mu'addhin Hadhrat Bilaal bin Rabaah *glJ2®s> Endures Hardships and Difficulties 299 

The First Person to Make his Islaam Public with Rasulullaah ^§..i 299 

The Hardships Hadhrat Bilaal {838®® Endured for the Sake of Allaah 299 

On behalf of Bilaal and his Companions, may Allah abundantly reward 300 

Hadhrat Ammaar bin Yaasir ©IS®?) and his Family Members Endures Hardships and Difficulties 301 

Rasulullaah fiJ$| Gives Glad Tidings of Jannah to Hadhrat Ammaar S3!2@sei and his Family when he 

sees them being Tortured 301 

Hadhrat Sumayya IS§I2@S> the mother of Hadhrat Ammaar S3)2@s Becomes the First Martyr in Islaam .. 301 
Hadhrat Ammaar JS83®® is Tortured Until he is Forced to Utter Words of Kufr While his Heart was 

Content with Imaan 302 

Hadhrat Khabbaab bin Arat SS2SSg Endures Difficulties and Hardships 302 

The Incident of Hadhrat Khabbaab jg&ggsg and Hadhrat Umar W&®% 302 

The Torture that Hadhrat Khabbaab §3(2®® Suffered 303 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr ©|2@gi Endures Hardships and Difficulties 304 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &^,t*@g) (Vol-1) 13 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr SS2®g Dispatches His Brother when he Hears about the Nabuwaat of Rasulullaah WH& - 304 
Hadhrat Abu Dharr 5£S!2®?> Arrives in Makkah, Accepts Islaam and is then made to Suffer for the sake 

ofAllaah : 304 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr S»a®s> is the First Person to Greet Rasulullaah gggi with the Greeting of Islaam 306 

The Courage of Hadhrat Abu Dharr JsSSS®!® when he Announced his Conversion to Islaam and was made 

to Suffer for it 306 

The Hardships and Difficulties Borne by Hadhrat Sa'eed bin Zaid and his Wife Faatima W&&& Who 

Was the Sister of Hadhrat Umar §3S2®si 307 

Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon S!2®g5 Endures Hardships and Difficulties 310 

"In thinking of times of danger. '.. 311 

Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr ©Ja®s> Endures Difficulties and Hardships 312 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa ©IS©® Endured Hardhips and Difficulties 312 

The Hardships and Difficulties Endured by the Sahabah ifB^&si in General 313 

The Torture the Sahabah i®.©®© Suffered at the Hands of the Mushrikeen 313 

The Condition of Rasulullaah {gi$§ and the Sahabah ie9.©®8> after Migrating to Madinah 314 

The Difficulties that Rasulullaah &§ and the Sahabah js£p@Si Suffered during the Dhaatur Riqaa 

Expedition 314 

Enduring Hunger when Inviting People Towards Allaah and His Rasool (S$l 315 

Rasulullaah (SS Suffers Extreme Hunger 315 

A Hungry Person will not Encounter Meticulous Reckoning 315 

No Lantern or Fire is Lit in the House of Rasulullaah £Sif 315 

The Difficult life that Rasulullaah &B Led 317 

Rasulullaah ®S? and the Sahabah $&$$&$ Tie Stones to their Stomachs to Suppress their Hunger 318 

The Statement of Hadhrat Aa'isha E@I2<®& Concerning Overeating 318 

The Hunger Suffered by Rasulullaah fS85§, His Family, Hadhrat Abu Bakr IP®© and Hadhrat Umar .. 319 
Rasulullaah {Ji§| .Hadhrat Abu Bakr SSK^s and Hadhrat Umar &H&&9 Suffer Extreme Hunger and 

Meet up with Hadhrat Abu Ayyoob Sl2®s> 319 

Hadhrat Faatima &gl2®«s> and Hadhrat Ali §3!2®ei Suffer Extreme Hunger 321 

Rasulullaah gMz encourages Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym $&&&& to Endure her Hunger with Patience 321 

The hunger Endured by Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas ©!2®ei 322 

The Story of Hadhrat Sa'd SJ12®s in this Regard and the Fact that he Was the First Arab to Fire and 

Arrow in the Path of Allaah 322 

The Hunger Endured by Hadhrat Miqdaad bin Aswad and his Two Companions &&&9 322 

The Hunger Endured by Hadhrat Abu Hurayra &H3®& 323 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra ©IS®© ties Stones to his Stomach because of Hunger 323 

The Extreme Hunger that Hadhrat Abu Hurayra SKs@js> Suffered 324 

The Hunger Endured by Hadhrat Asmaa bint Abi Bakr W&M 326 

The Hunger Endured by the Sahabah $B&&&> in General 326 

The Extreme Hunger and Cold that the Sahabah iSSSffis Suffered During the Battle of Khandaq 326 

Some Sahabah i«B!2®!J» Collapse in Salaah because of extreme Hunger and Weakness 327 

Thd Sahabah i@!2®S5 Eat Leaves While Out in The Path of Allaah and Other Incidents of how they 

Suffered extreme Hunger.... 327 

Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah SKS®® and his Companions Experience Severe Hunger on a Journey 329 

The Hunger Rasulullaah (S$li and the Sahabah i®!3®si Suffered During the Tihaama Expedition 329 



14 ; THE LIVES OF THE SAHAEAH $S!&®i?g> (Vol-1) 

The lady who fed Some of the Sahabah SSSSaSsS Every Friday 330 

The Sahabah &^M> eat Locusts and never Ate Bread made of Wheat during the Period of Ignorance .... 330 

The Intense Thirst that the Sahabah $g&3&& Suffered During the Expedition to Tabook 331 

Hadhrat Haarith, Ikrama and Ayaash ia@J5®£> Suffer Extreme Thirst During the Battle of Yarmook 331 

Hadhrat Abu Amr Ansaari 1}I2®£> Endures Severe Thirst in the Path of Allaah 332 

Enduring Extreme Cold when Inviting People Towards Allaah.... 332 

The Sahabah is£J)l5®s> Dig the Trench in Extreme Cold 332 

Enduring Lack of Clothing when Inviting People Towards Allaah 333 

The Burial of Hadhrat Hamza SS^SSg 333 

The Incident of Hadhrat Shurahbeel bin Hasanah SJSS®9 with Rasulullaah &§ 333 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr JgJJSSS® Suffers from a Lack of Clothing and Hadhrat Jibra'eel $§&£ Gives him Glad 

Tidings in this Regard 333 

Hadhrat Ali W&8&J and Hadhrat Faatima Ii©l2@g> Suffer from a Lack of Clothing... 334 

The Sahabah $f3S@® have only Coarse Woollen clothing to wear and Have to Constantly eat Only 

Dates and Water 334 

The Men of Suffa Suffer from a Lack of Clothing 334 

Enduring fear when Inviting People Towards Allaah 335 

The Sahabah iSPiSSei Suffer Extreme Fear, Hunger and Cold During the Battle of Ahzaab 335 

Enduring Injuries and Illness when Inviting People Towards Allaah 337 

The Incident of Two Men from the Banu Abdul Ash'hal Tribe During the Battle of Uhud 337 

The Story of Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh *£R2@s and his Martyrdom During the Battle of Uhud 338 

The Story of Hadhrat Raafi bin Khadeej WSiffiSs 338 

Chapter Four 339 



The Hijrah of Rasulullaah <&m and Hadhrat Abu Bakr @!&s@£> 339 

The Leaders of the Quraysh Conspire Against Rasulullaah &§ 339 

Rasulullaah <S8i? Leaves Makkah with Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5&B2@i> and they Hide in the Cave of Thowr ... 340 

The preparations that Hadhrat Abu Bakr SS2@»s made for the Hijrah 341 

Rasulullaah W$£ Leaves the Cave and Heads for Madinah 343 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr W$8&j Fears for Rasulullaah £ii? when they Leave the Cave and Hadhrat Umar 

5siJS®ssi Praises Hadhrat Abu Bakr *&&$& 343 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr SM®s> Fears for Rasulullaah &$• when they were in the Cave 344 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©!2®gi Speaks about His Hijrah with Rasulullaah i$i? and their Encounter with 

Suraaqa bin Maalik 344 

Rasulullaah {§$1 Arrives in Madinah, Stays in Quba and the Joy of the People of Madinah 346 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Umar ©!2@g and Some Other Sahabah $g3S2g£$$ 348 

The First Person to Migrate from Makkah to Madinah 348 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab ©!2®*s) and his Two Companions 348 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Uthmaan Bin Affaan 5D!2®si 350 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib 5£J!2®si 350 

Hadhrat Ja'far bin Abi Taalib SUSffiSs and Other Sahabah isSS®?> Migrate to Abyssinia and then to 

Madinah 351 

Rasulullaah d?d? Permits the Sahabah (@!2(©g to Migrate to Abyssinia and Hadhrat Haatib S3Ja>®js 

and Ja'far 3£Jl2@g) migrate there 351 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %gp@g> (Vol-i) |5 

The Quraysh send Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas S3!2®s to Najaashi to Bring the Sahabah '&$%!&$ back to them .. 351 
The Sahabah $9lS®!8s Meet Najaashi and his Views about Hadhrat Isa %H$c and Hadhrat Maryam E©ffi®gi 352 
The Sahabah i@l2®l> Leave for Madinah, Najaashi Accepts Islaam and Rasulullaah il§i? Prays for his 

Forgiveness '. 357 

The Virtues of those Sahabah (@!2i®2) who Migrated to Abyssinia and then to Madinah 358 

Hadhrat Abu Salama SSS5iiB® and Hadhrat Ummu Salama E§I2@&' Migrate to Madinah 360 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Suhayb bin Sinaan ©!3@gi 361 

Hadhrat Suhayb bin Sinaan Wi%8*& leaves Makkah to Migrate and Encounters Some Youngsters of the 

Quraysh 361 

Hadhrat Suhayb W&®&> Arrives in Quba Where Rasulullaah &§ Gives him the Glad Tidings of a Verse 

of the Qurr'aan that Allaah had Revealed about him 362 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar &$2s!&& 363 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Jahash SslfiS®8 363 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Dhamra bin Abil Ees / Hadhrat Dhamra 5§3!2®e> bin Ees 5£)!3@£> 365 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Waathila bin Asqa W&&9 367 

The Hijrah of the Banu Sulaym Tribe 368 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Junaadah bin Abi Umayyah S)!S®s> 368 

Wha Was Told to Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah JS)t2@^i and Others Concerning Hijrah 368 

The Hijrah of Women and Children 369 

The Hijrah of Rasulullaah &§'s Family and the Family of Hadhrat Abu Bakr *ffl8m& 369 

The Hijrah of Rasulullaah iJU's Daughter Hadhrat Zaynab Eg©®sS and the Words of Rasulullaah &£ 

Concerning the Hardships She Encountered En route 370 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Durra bint Abi Lahab &gl2®s> 372 

The Hijrah of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas ©)3t®&' and other Children 373 

Chapter Five 374 

The Chapter Concerning Nusrah 374 

(Assisting Others in the Propagaton of Deen) 374 

A Hadith of Hadhrat Aa'isha W&&& in this Regard 374 

A Hadith of Hadhrat Umar ©!2@gi in this Regard 374 

A Hadith of Hadhrat Jaabir *13)2@si in this Regard 375 

A Hadith of Hadhrat Urwa 5£D2®s© in this Regard 376 

A Few Couplets Composed by Hadhrat Sirmah bin Qais 5Hl2@gi in this regard 377 

The Bond of Brotherhood Between the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar $3!£®s> 377 

The Story of Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf Wi%&t> and Hadhrat Sa'd bin Rabee WS$&> 377 

The Muhaajireen and Ansaar Inherit from Each other 378 

The Financial Assistance that the Ansaar gave to the Muhaajireen 379 

Sharing Dates and an Ansaari 5£))2®si Refuses to be Paid Back 379,- 

How the Ansaar Severed the Ties they had During the Period of Ignorance to Strengthen the Ties of Islaam . 380 

The Jew Ka'b bin Ashraf is Killed 380 

Abu Raafi Sallaam bin Abul Huqayq is Killed 382 

The Jew Ibn Shayba is Killed 385 

The Ansaar in the Battles against the Banu Qaynuqah, Banu Nadheer and Banu Qurayzah Tribes 385 

The Episode of the Banu Qaynuqah Tribe 385 



16 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B&\&& (Vol-1) 

The Episode of the Banu Nadheer Tribe 387 

The Episode of the Banu Qurayzah Tribe 389 

The Ansaar Prided themselves on their Accomplishments in Deen 391 

The Ansaar Sacrifice worldly Pleasures and its Temporary possessions in Exchange for the Pleasure of 

Allaah and His Rasool i$i • • 392 

The Story of The Ansaar when Makkah was Conquered .'. 392 

The Story of The Ansaar During the Battle of Hunayn and the Statement of Rasulullaah £S§| about them... 393 

The Qualities of the Ansaar i@.lS@S) 397 

The Statement of Rasulullaah {S$!§ when Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh 5£82®s> Passed Away 397 

The Hospitality and service that the Ansaar Rendered 398 

The Story of Hadhrat Muhammad bin Maslama '$&&&& and Hadhrat Umar JsSjSGbSs 399 

Rasulullaah SHI? Honours Hadhrat Sa'd bin Ubaadah 3sJ@@« 400 

Hadhrat Jareer SBSSB!® Serves Hadhrat Anas JsS2@® 400 

Hadhrat Abu Ayyoob Ansaari 3£)|2@gi Stays with Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas W8®$s?>, Who Places. 

himself at his Service 400 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 5s3®i®?i Goes out of his Way to Have the Needs of the Ansaar Fulfilled.... 401 

He then recited the couplets mentioned above, adding the following couplet to it: 402 

Du'aas made for the Ansaar 403 

The Du'aa that Rasulullaah &$? Made for the Ansaar and the Statement Hadhrat Abu Bakr isSSSsSS 

made about them in his Sermon 403 

Others are Given Preference over the Ansaar in the matter of Khilaafah 404 

The Incident that Occurred in the Hall of the Banu Saa'idah Tribe 404 

Chapter Six 406 

The Chapter Concerning Jihaad (Striving in the Path of Allaah) 406 

Rasulullaah {S§i? Encourages Striving in the path of Allaah and Spending One's Wealth for this Cause.... 406 

Rasulullaah iS$l§ leaves for the Battle of Badr after Consulting with the Sahabah $9.tS?®e> 406 

Rasulullaah {g^i Gives Encouragement before a Battle and the Statement of Hadhrat Umayr bin 

Hamaam JsHSSSsSs 409 

The Expedition to Tabook and the wealth that the Sahabah $SSSs!» Spent on this Occasion 410 

Rasulullaah £S$| Dispatches the Sahabah (@!St5!ssi to Makkah and to Various Tribes to Recruit Peole 

for Jihaad 414 

The sahabah $9!3®<s Spend Genrously for the Expedition to Tabook 414 

Rasulullaah >&M Dispatches the Army of Hadhrat Usaama JsSi^i© which Included the Senior Sahabah 

ijgta®9 and Rejects the Argument of those who Object to the Appointment of Hadhrat Usaama isS2®gi. 416 

Rasulullaah W&-; Passes Away and the Sahabah j9St3@s> Return to Madinah 417 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3g3G3®» Insists on Dispatching the Army of Hadhrat Usaama JjsSSfiSsi in Compliance 

with the Orders of Rasulullaah W3i 418 

Hadhrat Usaama 5S5!2@fe' Seeks Permission to Return to Madinah but Hadhrat Abu Bakr §}55@& 

Refuses Permission 419 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr JsSSS®© Sees the Army of Hadhrat Usaama SJ!S®s> Off 420 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr JSSSSsSsi Rejects the Request of the Muhaajireen and Ansaar to hold back the Army of 

Hadhrat Usaama 5£}!2®g> 420 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3£}J2®s> Addresses Hadhrat Umar JsJ^SSs Before he Passes Away 423 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j@,lS@g) (Vol-1) yy 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr ig}M$i?> Censures Those who were Hesitant and who wanted to Delay Jihaad 426 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&S&j Encourages the Muslims to Fight in Jihaad in his Sermon 428 

The Letter of Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5s3)a®Sg> to Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed ©l£@Si and Other Sahabah 

j«gta@«) with him Concerning Jihaad in the Path of Allaah 428 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr &&&& Consults with the Senior Sahabah $&W>Ms Concerning a Military Offensive 

Against the Romans and Delivers a Speech in this Regard 430 

The Speech of Hadhrat Umar JsJ!!®!® in Support of the Opinion of Hadhrat Abu Bakr 'MW&i to March in 

Jihaad.... 431 

The Opinion of Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf S3&®s> concerning the Battle Strategy 431 

Hadhrat Uthmaan SS^sSs Supports the Opinion of Hadhrat Abu Bakr @S3®s and the other Sahabah 

•$912®^; Echo the Same Opinion 431 

Hadhrat Ali Si&SeJ Gives Glad Tidings to Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5S3!2@g5, Who is Pleased by this and then 

Delivers a Lecture to Motivate the Sahabah 'f®&8&s> to March in Jihaad 432 

An Exchange of Words between Hadhrat Umar *s3)3@*9 and Hadhrat Amr bin Sa'eed JSP®* and Hadhrat 

Khaalid bin Sa'eed SSjb®» Advises his Brother to Assist Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©!2®S> 432 

The Letter of Hadhrat Abu Bakr 'iMZQ&j to the People of Yemen calling them to Fight in Jihaad 434 

The Lecture of Hadhrat Abu Bakr SHIS®* When the Muslim Army Left for Shaam 434 

Hadhrat Umar Bin Khattaab S!£®s> Encourages Jihaad in the Path of Allaah and Consults with the 

Sahabah i@l£@S> in Matters Arising Before him 435 

Hadhrat Umar 5P2@£> Encourages People Towards Jihaad 435 

Hadhrat Umar §3!2®i«i Consults with the Sahabah '&SSSM& Concerning a Military Offensive Against 

the Persians 436 

Hadhrat Uthmaan ®)£®s> Encourages People Towards Jihaad 437 

Hadhrat Ali Jgfts®«> Encourages People Wowards Jihaad 437 

Hadhrat Ali 3sK3®& Encourages the Muslims During the Battle of Siffeen 438 

Hadhrat Ali W&@&> Encourages the Muslims to Fight the Khawaarij 438 

Hadhrat Ali SlJ5@g> delivers a lecture Concerning the Reluctance of the Muslims to March in Jihaad 439 

Howshab Himyari Calls for Hadhrat Ali ©12®*; During the Battle of Siffeen and the Reply he Received ... 440 

Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas *§3\2®g Encourages the Muslims to Wage Jihaad 440 

The Speech of Hadhrat sa'd S)2@Si During the Battle of Qaadisiyyah 440 

The Speech of Hadhrat Aasim bin Amr 3§Sj3@« during the Battle of Qaadisiyyah 441 

The Enthusiasm of the Sahabah isBI2®9 to March in Jihaad for the Pleasure of Allaah 441 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Abu Umaamah 2£}!2®e> for Jihaad 441 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Umar JsK5@*g> for Jihaad and His Statement that Jihaad is Better than Hajj.... 442 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar SlS@si for Jihaad 442 

The Incident of Hadhrat Umar WZw&J With the Person who Intended to Proceed in Jihaad 442 

The Statement of Hadhrat Umar 5s}!3®!g> About the Virtue of the Person who Marches out and Stands 

Guard in the Path of Allaah 443 

The Incident of Hadhrat Umar SgSSSSsS and Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5EMJ@g Concerning the Departure of 

Hadhrat Mu'aadh *|Xs@S> 443 

Hadhrat Umar ©ji'©® Gives Preference to those who were the First to Migrate over the Popular Leaders 

of People 443 

The Statement of Hadhrat Suhayl bin Amr BSSS®e> to the Leaders over Whom Hadhrat Umar Sl2®g 
had Given preference to the Early Muhaajireen 444 



18 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$£$ (Vol-l) 

Hadhrat Suhayl bin Amr f@@s@^ Marches in Jihaad and Remains in the Path of Allaah until his Death ... 445 
Hadhrat Haarith bin Hishaam 5sS2®si Leaves for Jihaad despite the Despondency of the People of Makkah 445 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S313@gi for Jihaad and his Desire to be Martyred 446 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Bilaal §#3®© to Proceed in the Path of Allaah 446 

Hadhrat Miqdaad ®!^@® Refuses to Miss a Jihaad Expedition because of the verse of the Qur'aan 

Exhorting Jihaad 448 

The Incident of Hadhrat Abu TaMWffi&ti in {his Regard 448 

The Incident of Hadhrat Abu Ayyoob 3£3S«@9 in this Regard 449 

Hadhrat Abu Khaythama SS«©S> Forsakes the Luxuries of this world and Proceeds in the Path of Allaah.... 450 
The Grief of the Sahabah $9S3®&' When they did not have the Ability to Go Out in the path of Allaah or 

to Spend in the Path of Allaah 451 

The Incident of Hadhrat Abu Layla MU!3®sS and Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mughaffal *SK2<@& 451 

The Story of Hadhrat Ulba bin Zaid iSfflm 452 

Censuring Those Who Delayed Marching in the Path of Allaah 452 

Rasulullaah £§$1 Censures Hadhrat Ibn Rawaaha §)i3®5» 452 

Rasulullaah @SS£ Rebukes one of the Sahabah WSfiSi&v who Delayed Marching in the Path of Allaah 453 

Rasulullaah W$? Commands a Battalion to Leave by Night 453 

Hadhrat Umar JsSS®« Censures Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Jabal *£$%&?> for Delaying his Departure 453 

Censuring Those Who Delayed Marching in the Path of Allaah Because of Negligence on their Part 454 

The Story of Hadhrat K'ab bin Maalik W@@& 454 

A Warning to Those who Forsake Jihaad to remain with their Families and Wealth 460 

Hadhrat Abu Ayyoob i£S*®«i's Interpretation of the Verse: "and do not throw your own hands into 

destruction" * 460 

Warnings to Those who Forsake Jihaad because of their Preoccupation with Farming 461 

Hadhrat Umar *&i%&g Rebukes Hadhrat Abdullaah Anasi *£3.I3©«; 461 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr bin Al Aas 5sSS3®& Rebukes a man who Neglected Jihaad 462 

Moving Urgently in the Path of Allaah to Uproot Strife 462 

The Expedition of Muraysee 462 

Rebuking Someone Who had not Completed Forty Days in the Path of Allaah 465 

Spending Three Periods of Forty Days in the path of Allaah 465 

The Incident of a Woman and the Decision of Hadhrat Umar WSZ3&?> 465 

The Keenness of the Sahabah $9!55®S> to Encounter Dust in the Path of Allaah 466 

Rasulullaah &§ Rebukes those Who Disliked experiencing Dust While Out in the Path of Allaah 466 

. The Incident of Hadhrat Jaabir Bin Abdullaah SJJa®* in this Regard 466 

Serving Others While Out in the Path of Allaah: 467 

Those who Were not Fasting Serve the Fasting Ones in the path of Allaah 467 

The Sahabah $!§&&£> Serve a Man Engrossed in Reciting the Qur'aan and Performing Salaah 467 

The Freed slave of Rasulullaah 2lli Called Hadhrat Safeena 5S3!2i®e> Carries the Goods of the Sahabah 

■m*m 467 

The Incidents of Hadhrat Ahmar 3H53®e> the Freed Slave of Hadhrat Ummu Salma W%8&£> and Mujaahid 

with Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar §}|25®ei 468 

Fasting While out in the path of Allaah 468 

Rasulullaah (!§if and the Sahabah i@@@& Fast During Extreme Heat While Out in the path of Allaah . 468 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Makhrama i£3)2®s> fasts during the Battle of Yamaamah 469 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$*®$& (Vol-1) J9 

The Fast of Hadhrat Awf bin Abi Hayya and the Statement of Hadhrat Umar SS3@se> in this Regard 469 

The Fast of Hadhrat Abu Amr Ansaari SJ2®eJ 469 

Performing Salaah While Out in the path of Allaah 470 

The Salaah of Rasulullaah {S8sl On the Night Before the Battle of Badr was Fought 470 

Rasulullaah WM Performs Salaah in Usfaan 470 

The Salaah of Hadhrat Abbaad bin Bishr SX2®£ In the Path of Allaah 470 

The Salaah of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Unays 5SJ.t£®e> in the Path of Allaah 472 

Performing Salaah at Night While out in the path of Allaah 472 

Engaging in Dhikr While Out in the path of Allaah 473 

The Dhikr of the Sahabah , t&&Mst> the Night they Conquered Makkah 473 

The Dhikr of the Sahabah ^SSSSB® as they Stood over a Valley During the Battle of Khaybar 473 

The Sahabah '6B&&& Recite Takbeer and Tasbeeh when Ascending and Descending Inclines 474 

The Statement of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar @ts@g> that the People Embarking on Military Expeditions 

are of Two types 474 

Being Particular About Making Du'aa when in Jihaad in the path of Allaah 475 

The Duaa of Rasulullaah &f!i? as he Left Makkah for the Hijrah 475 

Making Du'aa when Within Sight of a Place 475 

The du'aa Rasulullaah &ISI when he Saw Kyaybar 475 

Making Du'aa at the Beginning of the Battle 476 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah W$° Made on the Occasion of the Battle of Badr 476 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah &§§ made on the Occasions of the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of Khandaq 477 

Making Du'aa During the Battle 478 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah &§ Made While Fighting During the Battle of Badr 478 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah iSJi Made on the Night Before the Battle of Badr 478 

Making Du'aa after Finishing the Battle 478 

The Du'aa of Rasulullaah &§§ after the Battle of Uhud 478 

The Letter of Hadhrat Umar i§J!2®g> to his Commanders about Attaining a Deep Understanding of Deen .... 480 

The Sahabah &%&£ sit in Gatherings (To Learn and Teach) while on Journey 480 

Spending While in Jihaad in the Path of Allaah 481 

The Spending of Some Sahabah (SJSlSws!® in the Path of Allaah 481 

The Rewards of Spending in the path of Allaah 481 

Proceeding in Jihaad in the Path of Allaah with a Sincere Intention 482 

There Shall be no Rewards for the person whose Intention is to Gain Fame and Fortune 482 

The Story of Quzmaan.... 483 

The Story of Usayram 483 

The Story of a Bedouin 484 

The Story of a Black Sahabi W&®& 485 

The Story of Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 513!2®s> 485 

The Statements of Hadhrat Umar 3gS3@£> Concerning Martyrs 485 

The Story of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr ®i2®!8> and his Mother W^®& 487 

Obeying the Instructions of the Ameer when Proceeding in Jihaad in the Path of Allaah 487 

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari 5s)lSi®s! Rebukes a Man who did not Carry out his Instructions 487 

Staying Together While out In Jihaad in the path of Allaah 488 

Standing Guard While Out in the path of Allaah 488 



20 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |fSc9,US(42Jg> (Vol-1) 



Rasulullaah (S3i? Criticises Separating in VAIIeys and Sealing Roads 488 

Hadhrat Anas bin Abi Marthad Ghanawi JeSSS®?! Stands Guard 488 

Another Sahabi S3!S®g Stands Guard 489 

Hadhrat Abu Rayhaana i&SS&sj, Hadhrat Ammaar is8S3®9 and Hadhrat Abbaad W&M& stand guard .. 490 

Enduring Illness while in Jihaad in the path of Allaah 490 

The Story of Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka'b JUJ3®eJ and His Du'aa to be able to Endure Fever 490 

Enduring Injuries while in Jihaad in the path of Allaah 491 

The Injuries that Rasulullaah W$t Suffered 491 

The Injuries Sustained by Hadhrat Talfia bin Ubaydillah 5£}l2!®s> and Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf 491 

The Injury of Hadhrat Anas bin Nadhr@JS@gi 492 

The Wounds Sustained by Hadhrat Ja'far bin Abu Taalib SSiSffiSs 493 

The Wounds Sustained by Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh W&S&j 493 

The Eye of Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 5sSS§®£ is Injured During the Battle at Taa'if 494 

The Wounds Sustained to the Eyes of Hadhrat Qataadah bin Nu'maan ©laSs and Hadhrat Rifaa'ah bin 

Raafi SS2®?i During the Battle of Badr 494 

The Incident of Hadhrat Raafi bin Khadeej &si&$ and two other Sahabah &§©©& from the Banu Abdul 

Ash'hal Tribe 494 

The Wounds Sustained by Hadhrat Baraa bin Maalik W$iMs> and How he Lost the Flesh on his Bones ... 495 

The Desire for Martyrdom and Praying for it 495 

Rasulullaah (£SH Wishes to be Killed in the path of Allaah , 495 

Hadhrat Umar 5£313®s> Wishes for Martyrdom „ 496 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Jahash S&3!3@eS Wishes for Martyrdom „ ...497 

Hadhrat Baraa bin Maalik 53.&®s> Hopes for Martyrdom „ ..„ 497 

Hadhrat Humama JSJiSSSsS Hopes for Martyrdom „ „ 498 

Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Muqarrin jjUBSSSg Hopes for Martyrdom 499 

The Enthusiasm of the Sahabah |@)S®e> to Die and Give their Lives in the path of Allaah 500 

During the Battle of Badr 500 

The Incident of Hadhrat Khaythama 5lii3®5> and his son 500 

The Martyrdom of Hadhrat Ubaydah bin Haarith isS«@g> 500 

During the Battle of Uhud ....502 

Hadhrat Ali ©(a®?) Resolves to Fight to Death 502 

The Incident of Hadhrat Anas bin Nadhar 5sJJ2a®» 502 

The Incident of Hadhrat Thaabit bin Dahdaaha 5£3.t2@gi 502 

The Incident of a Muhaajir and an Ansaari 503 

The Incident of Hadhrat Sa'd bin Rabee S3!2@»s> 503 

The Incident of Seven Men of the Ansaar Martyred During the Battle of Uhud 504 

The Martyrdom of Hadhrat Yamaan 3S83i@» and Hadhrat Thaabit bin Qais &&&& 505 

During the Battle of Rajee 505 

Hadhrat Aasim, Hadhrat Khubayb and their Companions $9jS$«> are Martyred 505 

The Couplets that Hadhrat Aasim 5Sfla®g> Recited and His Body is Protected from the Mushrikeen .'. 507 

The Story of Hadhrat Zaid bin Dathana 3gSSS@9 and his Statement About his Love for Rasulullaah {J§H~. 508 

The Story of Hadhrat Khubayb 3gS3®s> in Makkah and His Salaah at the time of Death 509 

The Statement of Hadhrat Khubayb *£3)2@g> Concerning his Love for Rasulullaah {SH and the Couplets 

he Recited Before his Execution 510 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$gflS%gg) (Vol-y 21 

During the Expedition to Bir Ma'oona 511 

The Stoiy of the Sahabah $SGs@&- at BirMa'oona 511 

The Last Words of Hadhrat Haraam S3!2®Ss> Because of which his Killer Accepted Islaam 512 

During the Battle of Mu'ta 513 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawaaha 5s5!2@g Weeps upon Leaving and His Poem asking for Martyrdom 513 

The army then left. Rasulullaah ®?S left to bid farewell to them and when he turned back (to return to 

Madinah), Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawaaha ©!£@S> said: 514 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawaaha $UJ3@e> Encourages the Sahabah isB!3@s> towards Martyrdom 514 

The Couplets that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawaaha 5gp®sS Recited During the Journey 515 

The Couplets that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawaaha *S»S®si Recited During the Battle 516 

Hadhrat Mar ©)2®2> Disables his Horse and Recites Some Couplets as he Fights 517 

Duringihe Battle of Yamaamah 517 

Hadhrat Zaid bin Khattaab S!2i®?> and other Sahabah jS!S@e> Encourage the Muslims to be Steadfast 

and to Seek Martyrdom 517 

Hadhrat Thaabit JbS2®® and Hadhrat Saalim 5sS3®9 Dig Holes During a Battle to Keep them from 

Fleeing and to Ensure that they are Martyred 518 

The Call Hadhrat Abbaad bin Bishr '&%&$ Made to the Ansaar Before he was Martyred 518 

The Call Hadhrat Abu Aqeel 3sPi@® Made to the Ansaar Before he was Martyred , 519 

The Martyrdom of Hadhrat Thaabit bin Qais tg$%M> 520 

During the Battle of Yarmook 520 

Hadhrat '^rama bin Abu Jahal WZM® is Martyred Together with Four Hundred Muslims 520 

Miscellaneous Stories about the Enthusiasm of the Sahabah M'&M& to Fight in the path of Allaah 521 

The Enthusiasm of Hadhrat Ammaar bin Yaasir ©gSJSfss to Fight in the Path of Allaah 521 

The Martyrdom of Hadhrat Baraa bin Maalik ©!£@e> in Persia 522 

The Thoughts of Hadhrat Umar 3s3SS®« when Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon *M%®& Passed Away 

without being Martyred 522 

The Bravery of the Sahabah W&&6 522 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Siddeeq JSSSSSfe' 522 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab 5S3!2@»si 523 

The Bravery of Hadhrat AH bin Abi Taalib *£$%$&?> 523 

Hadhrat Ali SJBSSafe' Kills Amr bin Abd Wadd 524 

The Couplets Hadhrat Ali J&BSS&Ss Recited when he Killed Amr bin Abd Wadd 524 

He concluded with a few verses that meant: 524 

Hadhrat Ali SJSi@g Kills the Jew Marhab During the Battle of Khaybar 525 

Hadhrat Aamir S3l2@g met Marhab's challenge to a duel as he recited the following: 526 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Talha bin Ubaydillaah 5piS®s> • 527 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam -@12®e> 528 

Hadhrat Zubayr 5£3J2<i&' Emerges with a Drawn Sword in Makkah before the Hijrah 528 

Hadhrat Zubayr SS3SSS5 Kills Talha Abdari During the Battle of Uhud 529 

Hadhrat Zubayr 5H)2@» Kills Naufal Makhzoomi and Another Person 529 

Hadhrat Zubayr 3£83®& Fights During the Battles of Khandaq and Yarmook 530 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas 5s)®@«& 531 

Hadhrat Sa'd-JSSSaS is the First Person to Fire an Arrow in the Path of Allaah 531 

Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas 3ID12@s> Kills Three People with a Single Arrow During the Battle of Uhud ... 531 



22 - <£HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B?i%$&& (Vol-1) 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Hamza bin Abdil Muttalib W&8&> 532 

His Bravery During the Battle of Badar and the Statement of Umayyah bin Khalaf in the Regard 532 

Rasulullaah (JiSI Weeps Bitterly as he Sees the Dead Body of Hadhrat Hamza SJlSi®?! 532 

The Martyrdom and Mutilation of Hadhrat Hamza 53313®g 532 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abbaas bin Abdul Muttalib SES^SSei 534 

Hadhrat Abbaas S52®£ Snatches Hadhrat Handhala 3§3l2@ei from the Hands of the Mushrikeen 534 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Amr bin Jamooh S31S&&' and Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Afraa JsSSffiSs 534 

How they Killed Abu Jahal During the Battle of Badar 534 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abu Dujaana Simaak bin Harasha ©iSiiSfe' from the Ansaar 53^ 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Qataadah bin Nu'maan 5U!31»s> 538 

Hadhrat Qataadah bin N'uman §S3®» Uses his Face to Shield Rasulullaah &HiS from Arrows During 

the Battle of Uhud 538 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Salama bin Akwa isSS®® 539 

His Bravery During the Fight at Dhu Qarad 539 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abu Hadrad Aslami 5H@®s> 541 

He Fights and Defeats two Men 541 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed *£S3i®s> 542 

Hadhrat Khalid msm Breaks Nine of Mu'ta 542 

Hadhrat Khaalid S3l3&!» kills Hurmuz 543 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W&&& Weeps as He Passes Away on his Bed 543 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Baraa bin MaaliklSSi!®*?) 543 

Hadhrat Baraa bin Maalik WZw&J Scales a Wall and Fights the Enemy all by Himself 543 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abu Mihjin Thaqafi 5gS2i@® 544 

His Frerce Fighting During the Battle of Qaadisiyyah that made people think he was an Angel 544 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Ammaar bin Yaasir !•$$&?> 546 

He Lends Courage to the Muslims and Fights Bravely During the Battle of Yamaamah 546 

His Desire for Jannah as he Fought 546 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Amr bin Ma'dikarib Zubaydi 513®®® 547 

His Exemplary Fighting During the Battle of Yarmook 547 

He Fights Single-Handedly During the Battle of Qaadisiyyah 547 

The Bravery of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr JsM®s> 548 

His fight Against Hajjaaj and Subsequent Martydom 548 

Admonition to Those Who Flee the Battlefield in the path of Allaah 551 

Tthe Sahabah $j9SS@»» Admonish Hadhrat Salama bin Hishaam W^^> 551 

A Man Admonishes Hadhrat Abu Hurayra SJSSSe! 551 

Remorse and Concern Because of Fleeing 551 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar *S3)3©«> and his Companions Regret and Grieve after retreating during the 

Battle of Mu'ta 551 

The Anxiety of the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar when they Fled During the Battle for the Bridge and the 

Statement of Hadhrat Umar 5i3l«®>9 552 

The Anxiety of Hadhrat Mu'aadh Qaari SS*®© when he Fled During the Battle for the Bridge and the 

Statement of Hadhrat Umar 2H!3<®# 553 

Hadhrat Sa'd bin Ubayd Qaari SS3@«i Returns to the Land of the Battle from which he fled to Redeem 

himself 553 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol- 1) 23 

Preparing and Assisting a Person Going out in the path of Allaah 554 

Rasulullaah ®si Gives his Weapons to Hadhrat Usaama S)JS®si or to Hadhrat Ali 3eS3®si 554 

An Ansaari gives everything he has Prepared to another Person when he Fell ill 554 

Referring a Person Going out in the path of Allaah to Someone who can Assist him 554 

Rasulullaah ®sf Encourages the Sahabah WS^& to Assist those Proceeding in the path of Allaah .... 554 

An Ansaari Sahabi W&®£> Assists Hadhrat Waathila bin Asqa JsJSS®® 555 

The Statement of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood *M%&9 555 

Hiring People to Fight in Jihaad 555 

The Story of a Man and Hadhrat Auf bin Maalik iaSSSSs!® 555 

The Story of a man with Hadhrat Ya'la bin Munya 1§K%&& 556 

Those Who Proceed in the path of Allaah Using the Wealth of Others 556 

Hadhrat Maymoona bint Sa'd BSCS®® Asks Rasulullaah (i^ about this 556 

Sending another in One's Place 556 

The Story of Hadhrat Ali Sl&iagi and Another Man 556 

Admonishing those Who Beg from People So that they may Proceed in the Path of Allaah 557 

Hadhrat Umar 3sS3@§> Admonishes a Youngster in the path of Allaah 557 

Taking Loans to Proceed in Jihaad 557 

The Sahabah isjS!SS®» Seek Loans from Rasulullaah {§§§§ 557 

Encouraging People to Proceed in the path of Allaah and Seeing them Off 558 

Rasulullaah i$i? Walks With the Mujaahideen and Advises them 558 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr SS3®e> Sees the Army of Hadhrat Usaama 5s3!3®s> off 558 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar i&&&& Sees off Some People Proceeding in the path of Allaah 559 

Welcoming those Returning from the path of Allaah 559 

The People Came Outside Madinah When the Sahabah , f&3&& Returned from their Expedition to Tabook . 559 

Proceeding in the path of Allaah During the month of Ramadhaan 559 

Rasulullaah W$£ Proceeds to Badar and to Makkah during the Month of Ramadhaan 559 

Recording the Names of People Proceeding in the path of Allaah 560 

An Incident of a Sahabi &&&£> 560 

Performing Salaah and Eating Upon Returning from the path of Allaah 561 

Rasulullaah SSSI Performs Salaah Upon his Return 561 

Slaughtering an Animal upon Returning to Feed People 561 

Women Proceed in the path of Allaah 561 

A Woman from the Banu Ghifaar Tribe Accompanies Rasulullaah W^ on a Military expedition 566 

The Story of a Woman who Left in the path of Allaah and Her Goat 566 

Hadhrat Ummu Haraam bint Milhaan &§3@e> the Aunt of Hadhrat Anas i£J3®s> goes Out in the path 

of Allaah 567 

The services of Women in Jihaad 567 

Women March With Rasulullaah US5SI to Tend to the ill and Wounded 567 

The Services of Hadhrat Rubayyi Bint Mu'awwidh V&S8&&, Hadhrat Ummu Atiyya S@l3@e> and Hadhrat 

Layla Ghifaariyya W&$£® in Jihaad 568 

The Services of Hadhrat Aa'isha £gl3®g> .Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym S@ffi®«) and Hadhrat Ummu Saleet 

Bgffi®S5 During the Battle of Uhud 568 

Women Proceed for the Battle of Khaybar to Render Services 569 

Women Fighting in Jihaad in the path of Allaah 569 



24 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jQS^SJsSi) (Vol- 1 ) 

Hadhrat Ummu Ammaara ISIS®!*® Fights in the Battle of Uhud 569 

Hadhrat Safiyya I^R2®fe' Fights During the Battle of Uhud and the Battle of Khandaq 570 

Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym EgK®?) Takes up a Dagger to Fight in the Battle of Hunayn 571 

Hadhrat Asmaa bint Yazeed W&M& Kills Nine of the Enemy During the Battle of Yarmook 571 

Refusing Permission for Women to Proceed in the path of Allaah -571 

Rasulullaah %j$H§ Refuses Permission for Hadhrat Ummu Kabsha @£@s> to Proceed in Jihaad 571 

The Reward for Obedience to One's Husband and Fulfilling His Rights Equals that of Jihaad 572 

Children March and Fight in Jihaad 572 

A Child Fights and is Injured in the Battle of Uhud 572 

Hadhrat Umayr bin Abi Waqqaas JsMsSs Weeps and is Granted Permission. 573 

Hadhrat Umayr bin Abi Waqqaas SS3i@ei is Martyred 573 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 25 




Foreword to Original Arabic Edition 

By Hadhrat Maulana Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi 3&&lc#>5 

All praises belong to Allaah 3\%>2JQ; the Rabb of the universe. May the special 
mercies of Allaah &WSZ and peace be on our master Muhammad ®i? who is 
the seal of all Ambiyaa (prophets). May Attaah 3033?'s mercy and peace be on 
his family, all his companions and all those coming until the Day of Qiyaamah 
who follow him dutifully. 

Without a doubt, the lifestyle and history of Rasulullaah W&Z and his 
companions W&8& are among the most powerful sources providing strength of 
Imaan and love for the Deen. The Ummah and the call towards Deen has always 
been drawing sparks of Imaan from these sources and it is by this that the 
embers of their hearts have been kept burning. However, these embers are being 
quickly extinguished in the gale force winds of worldly love. Once they are 
extinguished, this Ummah will lose its might, its identity and its influence over 
others. It will .then become a mere corpse which life will carry along on its 
shoulders. 

The biographies of the Sahabah '0&@>t> contain the history of men who accepted 
the invitation of Islaam when it was presented to them. Their hearts testified to 
its truth and all they said when they were called towards Allaah £838331? and His 
Rasool ^P?§ was, "Our Rabb, we have certainly heard the caller (Rasulullaah 
WHOHs) calling to Imaan (saying), 'Believe in your Rabbi' so we believed" (1 *. They 
placed their hands in the hands of Rasulullaah {^i? and it became easy for them 
to sacrifice their lives, their wealth and their families. They then began to find 
pleasure in the difficulties and hardships that afflicted them in the course of 
calling others towards Allaah 3JSS3SC:. In this manner, conviction permeated their 
hearts and gained mastery over their bodies and their minds. They displayed the 
wonderful belief in the unseen, undying love for Allaah ®&>2JZ and Rasulullaah 
(iei§, compassion for the Mu'mineen and sternness towards the Kuffaar. 
They preferred the Aakhirah to this world, credit (the rewards of the Aakhirah) to 
cash (the rewards of this world), the unseen to the seen and guidance to 
ignorance. They were eager to invite people towards Islaam, thus removing the 
creation from their slavery to the creation and taking them towards the servitude 
of Allaah 3)8£$? alone. They removed people from the injustice of other 
religions, transporting them to the justice of Islaam. 

They displayed no concern for the attractions and vanities of this world and 
aspired to meet Allaah 3&>Z& and enter Jannah. They also exhibited outstanding 

(1) Surah Aal Imraan, verse 193. 



26 . THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&j%8$s2) (Vol-1) 

courage and farsightedness in spreading the gift of Islaam and delivering it to the 
world without any cost. For this purpose, they spread themselves throughout the 
far corners of the world, sparing no efforts to reach a"5" far as they could. In doing 
this, they forgot their personal pleasures, forsook their luxuries, left their homes 
and selflessly spent their lives and wealth. They continued in this manner until 
the foundations of Deen were established, hearts turned to Allaah B'&M'Q and the 
blessed and pleasant winds of Imaan blew strongly. An empire of Towheed, 
Imaan, Ibaadah and Taqwa was established. Jannah found a ready attraction in 
people, guidance spread throughout the world and people entered the fold of 
Islaam in droves. 

The books of history are full of their stories and the chronicles of Islaam record 
their accounts. This has always remained a source of revival and rejuvenation in 
the lives of Muslims. It is because of these accounts that the concern of callers to 
Islaam and reformers have intensified. These narratives have always assisted in 
reviving the courage of Muslims and in rekindling the embers of Imaan in their 
hearts and their allegiance to the Deen. 

However, there came a time when the Muslims grew unmindful of this history 
and forgot all about it. Muslims writers, lecturers and preachers then turned to 
narratives depicting latter-day ascetics and saints. Books and compendiums 
overflowed with stories about them and their miracles. People became obsessed 
with these narratives and they occupied pride of place in lectures, academic 
lessons and books. 

As far as we know, the first person in our times who grew conscious of the status 
of the narratives and lives of the Sahabah $&$%$&& in the fields of Da'wah and 
reforming the religious consciousness of people was the famous preacher and 
great reformer Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Ilyaas Kandhelwi !!&&&% (passed 
away in 1363 A.H/1944 A.D). He recognised the value of this treasure of 
reformation that lay buried between the pages of books and realised the value of 
its effect on the hearts of people. He busily engaged himself in studying these 
accounts, teaching them, narrating them and discussing them. 
I have personally seen him display tremendous interest in the biographies of 
Rasulullaah (S^? and the Sahabah ®9!2®g> by discussing them with his students 
and friends. These used to be recited to him every night and he would listen to 
them with great attention and insatiability. He desired that they be relived, 
circulated and discussed. 

His nephew the great Muhaddith Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Zakariyya 
Kandhelwi 3Sj&lc#%> (author of "Awjazul Masaalik ilaa Mu'aata Imaam Maalik') 
has written a book in Urdu about the stories of the Sahabah '<&&®&i> (titled 
"Hikaayaatus Sahabah $9!£@s>'J. Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Ilyaas cK3fflc**5 was 
overjoyed with this book and instructed those engaged in Da'wah and travelling 
in the path of Allaah Wffi&Sfc to study and teach this book. Consequently, this 
book became one of the most important prescribed books for preachers and 
others and enjoyed wide acceptance. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W&8&& (Vol-1) 27 

Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf £IGk2>I&%) succeeded his esteemed father 
(Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Ilyaas3Su&li£«5) in assuming leadership of those 
engaged in the effort of Da'wah. He also followed his father's footsteps in his 
deep interest in the biographies of Rasulullaah @£§ and the Sahabah W&&&- it 
was he who used to read these narratives to his father. Even after his father 
passed away, he continued studying biographies of Rasulullaah 0M, books of 
Islaamic history and the Sahabah jsS!S@ss> despite his demanding commitments 
to the effort of Da'wah. 

I do not know of anyone with a wider scope of knowledge about the Sahabah 
$9!a®g> and the finer details of their lives. I do not know of anyone who could 
quote so many of their narratives, could cite them more eloquently and string 
them together as beautifully as pearls of a necklace. These reports and stories 
inspired his discourses and caused magical affects on the hearts of large groups 
of people who then found it easy to give great sacrifices in Allaah cJJ^SKB's path. 
They were thus motivated to persevere the greatest of hardships and difficulties 
in Allaah 3!®33t?'s path. 

During the period of his leadership, the effort of Da'wah spread throughout the 
Arabian peninsula and even to places such as America, Europe, Japan and the 
islands of the Indian Ocean. The necessity was then felt to produce a book for 
those taking up the effort of Da'wah and travelling to foreign countries could 
study and read to each other. This was needed to provide nourishment for their 
hearts and minds, to motivate their spirituality and to encourage them to 
emulate Rasulullaah W$i and the Sahabah <$&&$*& in spending their lives and 
wealth for the sake of Islaam. It was needed to encourage them to travel and 
migrate for Deen, to assist others doing the same and to teach them the virtues 
of good deeds and noble character. A book was needed of such reports which 
when read, would cause the reader to fade into the background just as rivers lose 
themselves in the ocean and just as even a tall man would seem tiny in front of a 
towering mountain. In this way, they would begin to doubt the status of their 
conviction, they would regard their religious efforts to be inadequate (when 
compared to Sahbah SBSSSS) and then would give no importance to their lives in 
this world. The result would be that they would develop the courage to make 
greater efforts and resolutions. 

Allaah 3)S£$5 had willed that the credit of writing such a valuable book should 
go to Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf S&ffilcsSy. In addition to the credit he 
received for his tremendous contribution to the effort of Da'wah. Therefore, 
despite his exhaustive commitments and a schedule filled with travels, lectures 
and meetings with delegations and guests - the furthest one could get from the 
life of a write* - he drew great courage and resolved to involve himself in writing 
with the guidance and help of Allaah 3J2£$X As difficult as it were to combine 
the life of a writer with that of a preacher, he succeeded in completing a 
commentary of the famous book "Sharhu Ma'aanil Aathaar" written by the 
eminent Imaam Tahaawi StSi&lcSy. This commentary, titled "Amaanil Ahbaar", was 



28 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |%5&Si4fibg> (Vol-1) 

completed in several volumes. 

With the assistance of Allaah cJJ®$tJ, he also compiled the book "Hayaatus 
Sahabah '$&!&&& " in three large volumes, collecting in it many reports that were 
scattered in the various books of biography and history. The distinguished author 
has commenced every section with reports from the life of Rasulullaah &$& and 
then added accounts from the lives of the Sahabah %&£$*&, devoting special 
attention to Da'wah and spiritual reformation for the benefit of those involved in 
these fields. Therefore, this book offers advice to preachers, is a great provision 
for those engaged in the effort of Da'wah and a valuable teacher of imaan and 
conviction to the Muslim public. 

He has collected in these volumes such reports that cannot be found in any other 
book because they all have their sources in a myriad of historical and 
biographical books. He has prepared an encyclopaedia that depicts the lives, 
behaviour and attributes of those living during the time of Rasulullaah WH$?- The 
painstaking details mentioned in this book gives it an inspirational effect not felt 
in books that suffice with brief accounts. As a result, the reader is always basking 
in an environment of Imaan, Da'wah, courage, virtue, sincerity and asceticism, 
it is generally believed that a book is a reflection- of the author, that it represents 
the love of his life and that it will express the fervour and spirit with which it is 
written. If this be true, I can vouch that this book is truly inspiring, powerful and 
a success because the author wrote it with great passion and love foF the 
Sahabah ffl$83?®%. Love for the Sahabah i@)3i®si had truly penetrated his very 
flesh and blood to the extent that it had dominated his personality and 
psychology. He has lived in the mould, of their lives for a long period of time and 
continues to do so, always drinking from the refreshing fountains of these 
reports^ 1 '. 

This book does not require a foreword from someone like myself because the 
author is an extremely eminent and sincere personality. I am convinced that he is 
nothing short of a divine gift and a gem from the gems of time with regard to the 
strength of his Imaan, the power of his Da'wah, his devotion to Da'wah and his 
self-sacrificial behaviour in the path of Allaah £8®35C. The likes of him are not 
found in the annals of history except after longs period of time. He leads an 
islaamic movement that is one of the most powerful, most judicious and most 
inspiring. However, he wanted to honour me with writing this foreword and I 
have every intention to be a part of this marvellous work. I have therefore written 
these few words hoping to achieve proximity to Allaah 3J®33?. May Allaah 
B&£$Z accept this book and make it a means of benefit to mankind. 

Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi 

Sahaaranpur 

2 Rajab 1378 (12 January 1959) 



(1) This foreword was written during the lifetime of Hadhrat Sheikh Muhammad Yusuf 3Sffil4S5. 



THE LIVES, OF THE SAHABAH $&&§&& (Vol-1) 29 

Foreword to the Urdu Edition 

By Hadhrat Maulana Sayyid Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi 3&(M&£ 

This book (Hayaatus Sahabah &$&$£&) was originally written in Arabic, which is 
the official and most loved language of Islaam and the Muslims. It will always 
remain such because Ailaah 3)3££G says in the Qur'aan: 

(^ :jx>- ijyj) §IQs) Uj^iJ 4jbl j ^5 jJI Ujj i j^u\f 
"Without doubt only We have revealed the Reminder (the Qur'aan) and 
We shall certainly be its protectors." {Surah Hijr, verse 9} 
This promise to eternally safeguard the Qur'aan automatically implies that it will 
always be recited and taught. This naturally means that the language of the 
Qur'aan will always remain protected, spoken and taught. During the time of the 
author Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf E)t35K££s, the effort of Da'wah and 
Tableegh which began m Nizaamud Deen in Delhi had already spread to Hijaaz 
and other Arab countries and it had tremendously influenced the scholars of 
these parts. It was therefore appropriate that this book should be published in 
Arabic and it was originally printed by the Arabic press of Daa'ira Ma'aarif 
Uthmaaniyyah of Hyderabad. It was favourably accepted in scholarly circles and 
in the Arab countries. It was later painstakingly printed and attractively bound by 
Daarul Qalam in Damascus. It was again received favourably in 'religious and 
academic circles and is still enjoying wide acceptance. 

However, the need was long felt for a clear and reliable Urdu translation of the 
book for the people of the subcontinent (India/Pakistan) and those areas where 
people from tne Indian subcontinent have settled and where Urdu is widely 
spoken. In this manner, the interested people of these areas and others engaged 
in the effort of Da'wah and Tableegh may directly benefit from the book. This 
would enable them to rekindle the embers of Imaan in their hearts and to cast 
their lives, character and inclinations into the mould of the first Mu'mineen who 
had been great preachers of Islaam nurtured by none other than Rasulullaah 



Although the need was long felt for an Urdu translation, the time for everything 
has been ordained. It was the current Ameer of the effort of Da'wah and Tableegh 
Hadhrat Moulana In'aamul Hasan £JSau14SS the successor and old friend of 
Hadhrat Moulana Yusuf 3t2&tc£i5 who initiated the translation. The honour of 
translating this great work fell to the lot of Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad 
Ihsaanul Haqq (lecturer at Madrassah Arabiyyah Raiwind). He is a graduate of 
Mazaahirul Uloom Sahaaranpur, a successor of Hadhrat Sheikhul Hadith 
Moulana Zakariyyah 3f2iC)l&%> and he received nurturing in the school of Tableegh 
which teaches concern for the Ummah and the importance of good deeds. 
Translating a book of this type, which serves as a interpreter for the effort of 



30 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&j%8&J (Vol-1) 

Da'wah and which is filled with fervour and effect is not the work of a person 
who merely understands the language of the book. It is necessary that the 
translator should share the same fervour and be someone who promotes the 
same objectives that this book was written to propagate. With the grace of Allaah 
3&2JQ, the translator fulfils all these requirements. Not only is he influenced by 
and supportive of the principles and objectives of the effort of Tableegh in his 
personal and domestic lives, his mindset, field of knowledge and heartfelt 
feelings also include the same. In fact, he is a forerunner in its propagation. 
In addition to this, the translation has been reviewed by several leading scholars 
including Hadhrat Mufti Zaynul Aabideen , -$8$@£$> , Hadhrat Moulana 
Muhammad Ahmad Ansaari 9Ja!$®£&, Hadhrat Moulana Zaahir Shah 9Jg$t£S]>, 
Hadhrat Moulana Nadhrur Rahmaan *?JS$$*2k, Hadhrat Moulana Jamshed Ali 
*?J$$g£S|> and numerous other pious people and scholars of Pakistan and the 
Nizaamud Deen Markaz. Among these, someone worthy of mention is Hadhrat 
Moulana Azharul Hasan Kandhelwi %Mffi%%>. 

May Allaah £)]SJ3jfc' make this translation beneficial and inspiring in every way 
and fulfil its noble purpose. This translation was completed with the common 
Muslim in mind, who is generally unaware of the various Islaamic terminologies 
so that the book can inspire him with its simple and easily understandable style. 
May Allaah 2X&3MZ increase its benefit and acceptance. Aameen. 

Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi 

Daarul Uloom Nadwatul Ulema 

Lucknow 

19Rabi-ul-Awwal 1412 

29 September 1991 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j@£S@g) (Vol-i) 31 

Foreword by the Urdu Translator 

Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ihsaanul Haqq QBi$$&h 

The Sahabah $&&&& are the foundation of this Deen and were the first to 
propagate it. They acquired the Deen from Rasulullaah {icS and conveyed it to 
us. They were the blessed group whom Allaah cpjaSSC had chosen to be the 
companions of His beloved Rasulullaah W$£- They are therefore most worthy of 
being role models, whose example deserve emulation. 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood Sgjfia®* used to say, "Anyone wishing to follow 
the (religious) ways of another should follow the ways of those who had already 
left the world, namely the companions of Rasulullaah @§§, who were the best 
people of this Ummah. Their hearts were pure, their knowledge deep and 
pretentiousness (showing-off) was non-existent in their lives. Allaah &&$& has 
selected them to be the companions of Rasulullaah {£H! and to propagate His 
Deen. You should therefore acknowledge their virtue and distinction. Follow in 
their footsteps and adopt their character and lifestyles with all your strength 
because they were the ones on the path of guidance." ^ 

To understand the life of Rasulullaah ®SI, it is only the lives of the Sahabah 
itcS!3®Sg) that can be used as a criterion because they were the fortunate group 
who benefited most from the lamp of Nabuwaat. The inspiring rays from the sun 
of Nabuwaat shone directly on them without any screen. It is impossible for 
anyone after them to acquire the warmth of Imaan and the spiritual illumination 
that they received. It was only the assembly of the Sahabah '$&&&& that the 
Qur'aan pays tribute to by declaring that Allaah 3)3&3>C; is pleased with them, they 
are pleased with Him, and that they were rightly guided people as well as guides 
for others. It is because of this that the Ummah has always been unanimous 
about the fact that all the Sahabah W$j®& without exception were reliable and 
trustworthy. Any matter on which they all agreed is regarded as an authoritative 
law in the Shari'ah. Anyone who rejects their virtuousness falls outside the fold of 
Islaam. 

The Sahabah WS$8£#> were mirror images of Rasulullaah &^'s perfect character 
and the most comprehensive icons of his attributes. They were the truest 
interpreters of his praiseworthy attributes, his excellent character as well as all 
the rulings and proofs of the Shari'ah. It is therefore necessary to follow them so 
that the Muslim Ummah may save themselves from all deviated manners. 
Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas S&£olc£y was brought up by his maternal 
grandmother who was affectionately called Ummi Bi. She was the fourth 
daughter of Hadhrat Moulana Muzaffar Husain Kandhelwi 3&SI;o£s>. She dearly 
loved Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas 3i25b!ct£y and would often say, "Ilyaas, 
(1) Mishkaatul Masaabeeh. 



32 / THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j@,&@j?g (Vol-1) 

I smell the fragrance of the Sahabah W&&& coming from you." She would also 
place her hand on his head and say, "Why is it that I see the images of the 
Sahabah i@!S®s) always with you?" 

In fact, Hadhrat Sheikhul Hind Moulana Mahmoodul Hasan cflSiSlcsSy used to say, 
"Whenever I see Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas, I think of the Sahabah i€P®sg>." 
Hadhrat Moulana Manzoor Nu'maani 3&{&l&«%i wrote, "Myself and some of my 
friends blessed with spiritual light and deep insight are unanimous about the fact 
that the existence of Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas <!&Mi33 in present 
times was a sign of the power of Allaah &&ZS& and a miracle of Rasulullaah W$i 
which proved the eternity and profound effect of the Deen and which portrayed 
in our time an example of the love, devotion and restlessness of the Sahabah 
jsS(£@gi for the Deen and their special attributes." 

It is probably for this reason that Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas SKBtfbfcSsi 
used to have the stories of the Sahabah $§H»@® recited to him, causing him to 
become extremely happy and transporting him to another world. He made his 
nephew Hadhrat Sheikhul Hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya cJlSSi!^ write 
the book "Hikaayaatus Sahabah ®£l!3i®se> "which contained stories of the Sahabah 
(S£fi2i@0 under various headings. The wide acceptance of this book can be judged 
from the fact that it has been translated into the major languages of the world 
including English, French and Japanese, 

Hadhrat Mouiana's son Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf 2Jl2ffi)ti^3 inherited 
the love for Rasulullaah ^SH and the Sahabah i@)2@*g> from his illustrious father. 
Even in his childhood he used to study the lives and reports of the Sahabah 
'$&$%&&. He enjoyed reading to himself and to others books such as "Samsaamul 
Islaam" and "Muhaarabaate Sahabah jtSBSsSaSs '! During the lifetime of his father 
Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas cJffifiuk*^, it was the duty of Hadhrat 
Moulana Muhammad Yusuf t&\M&> to recite the books of Rasulullaah {JUMP'S 
biography to his father after the Isha salaah. Even after his father passed away, it 
remained the practise of Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf 3Sffl^ to recite 
Hayaatus Sahabah j&&<®?2> after Isha. When he explained the incidents of the 
Sahabah iSP®®, it appeared as if he had seen them with his own eyes, that they 
were people of his household or that the incidents had taken place in front of 
him. 

Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas $2S)1£85 desired that the biographies of the 
Sahabah i@l£®£> be presented in a manner that accented their efforts of Da'wah. 
For the compilation of such a book he chose his son Hadhrat Moulana 
Muhammad Yusuf cJCSffl^ . Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf SiSSufc^sS set 
aside his work on the book "Amaanil Ahbaar" to complete this work, which was 
titled "Hayaatus Sahabah (^82®^" on the recommendation of Hadhrat Moulana 
Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi 92i&lcj£y. Notable scholars agree that no biography of the 
Sahabah '$&&$&> as comprehensive as this has even been compiled. 
For the past few years, Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Umar Paalanpuri 'cJiSfflil^ 
has been requesting me to translate this great work into Urdu. Unfortunately, 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&S%!&t> (Vol-D 33 

because of my incompetence and my lack of experience coupled with my 
commitments to teaching and Da'wah in the Madrassah of the Raiwind Masjid, I 
had been unable to tackle the task. However, on my return to Delhi after the 1 990 
Raiwind Ijtima, I was at the Lahore airport when Hadhratji (Hadhrat Moulana 
In'aamul Hasan S)C5iiSAw%>) and the respected Haaji Muhammad Abdul Wahhaab 
$$$$£& instructed me to translate "Hayaatus Sahabah jtBS@«"into Urdu. 
Hadhrat Moulana Umar Paalanpuri cJGSffljlcSy then told me that I could now not 
refuse the task after receiving an explicit instruction from Hadhratji. My 
incompetence made me shrink at the task, regarding it to be too great a 
responsibility. Nevertheless, I commenced the task drawing courage from the fact 
that the blessings, du'aas and fond attention of the pure souls who instructed me 
would Inshaa Allaah SIJSJ3512 enable me to accomplish the work. Therefore, I 
began the translation with the name of Allaah 2)}3S35£ : on the 21 November 1990. 
I initially used a copy of "Hayaatus Sahabah '(&&&&" printed in Hyderabad, but 
completed the translation using the edition compiled by Moulana Muhammad 
ilyaas Baara Bankwi, who is a "Muqeew"oi the Bangla Waali Masjid of Hadhrat 
Nizaamud Deen in Delhi. The translation has been completed using a simple 
style and commonly spoken Urdu so that is would be beneficial to the common 
Muslim who is not learned in complex terminologies and rhetoric. 
May Allaah 3J353?? accept this translation and make it of immense benefit to the 
Muslim Ummah. May Allaah 3)££3S£ also make it a means of motivating the 
Ummah to engage in the noble effort of Rasulullaah &§ and to adopt the 
lifestyles of the illustrious Sahabah $&%&&. Aameen. 

We request readers to make pleasant du'aas for the translator and all those who 
assisted in the translation, typesetting and printing of this translation. 

Muhammad Ihsaanul Haqq 

Madrassah Arabiyyah Raiwind 

Lahore 

Pakistan 

5 Rajab 1412(11 January 1992) 



34 x Ttf£ LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-D 

Foreword to English Translation 

All praise is due only to Allaah. We laud Him and beseech His aid and beg 
forgiveness only from Him and believe in Him and rely solely on Him. We seek 
salvation in Him from the evils of our inner selves and the vices of our actions. 
There is none to misguide one whom Allaah intends to guide. I bear witness that 
there is no one worthy of worship but Allaah, the One who has no partner. I also 
testify that Hadhrat Muhammad (Sallahu Alahyi Wassalam) is the faithful servant 
and the Last Rasul of Allaah. May Allaah Ta'ala's mercy be on him, his family and 
his Sahabaah (Radia Allahu Anhum Ajmaeen) and may He bless them and raise 
their status. 

The book "Hayatus Sahabah 5§3)j3@s>" which is the master - piece of Hadhrat 
Moulana Yusuf Khandelwi (A.R) has now reached you in a fresh, reviewed, better 
translated version. All Praise is due to Allaah. 

It would be most befitting to record some brief history, thought and ideology, 
concerns and dynamic concepts of Moulana Yusuf Khandelwi (A.R) so that the 
reader can acquaint oneself with the author. One will then realize what a 
revolutionary personality, noble character and one of lofty Ideals was the 
Moulana. 

Brief History 

Moulana Muhammad Yusuf, son of Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas, son of Moulana 
Muhammad Ismaeel, son of Ghulaam Hussain, son of Hakim Bakhash, son of 
Hakim Ghulam Muhyuddin, son of Moulwi Muhammad Sajid, son of Moulwi 
Muhammad Faid, son of Moulwi Muhammad Sharif, son of Moulwi Muhammad 
Ashraf, son of Shaikh Jamal, son of Muhammad Shah, son Shaikh Ibni Shah, son 
of Shaikh Bahauddin, son of Moulwi Shaikh Muhammad Fadil, son of Shaikh 
Muhammad, son of Shaikh Qutub Shah. (Biography of Hadhrat Moulana 
Muhammad Yusuf Sahib - Amire Tabligh- PG 23) 

Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith cJSi&l&Sy married the sister of Moulana Muhammad 
Yusuf Sahib (the daughter of Moulana Muhammad Ilyas Sahib) after the demise 
of his first wife. In this manner, Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith is the brother -in-law of 
Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib. (Ibid - PG 36) 

Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib first married the eldest daughter of Hadhrat 
Shaikhul Hadith Sahib on the 3rd Muharram 1354 Hijri. The nikah was performed 
by Shaikhul Islaam Moulana Sayid Hussain Ahmad Madani SKSfiulcJJS at the annual 
jalsa of Madrassah Mazahir e Ulum Saharanpur. In Shawwaal 1367 Hijri, she 
passed away while performing sajdah. She was survived by only one son, 
Moulana Muhammad Harun Sahib. In the year 1369 Hijri, Moulana Muhammad 
Yusf Sahib married the second daughter of Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith. No children 
were born from this marriage, in this manner, Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib 
is also the son-in-law of Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith Sahib. (Ibid -PG 36) 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&!&?> (Vol-1) 35 

Moulana Yusuf Sahib was born on Tuesday the 25th of Jumadal Ula 1335 Hijri, 

corresponding to the 20th of March 1914. His aqiqah was performed on Monday, 

the 2nd of Jamaduth Thaniyah. (Ibid - PG 48) 

Thereafter in 1353, he came back to Saharanpur to study Abu Dawood Sharif etc. 

under Shaikhul Hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariyyah Sahib 3&ffl)li*%> (Ibid - 

PG60) 

Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib mostly taught Abu Dawud Shariff. 

(Ibid -PG 77) 

Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariyyah Sahib 3C5iJ3>liw%> was 

the paternal cousin, father -in-law, brother -in-law, Ustaad and patron of 

Hadhrat Ji ^ffikjiy This Imani, Deeni and family relationship bonded the two 

closely together. (Ibid - PG 147) 

Hadhrat ;i was a replica of his father, Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas Sahib 92c&lc£y. 

His father had three outstanding qualities; the reality of knowledge, sincerity and 

a burning enthusiasm of striving to give Da'wah. These three qualities were 

found in Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib cflsffli?© to the degree of 

perfection. (Ibid - PG 149) 

Hadhrat Ji 3&<&V£z> lived a physicaHife of only forty eight years. (Ibid - PG 139) 

The founder of the Tablighi Movement, Hadhrat Moulana Shah Muhammad Ilyas 

Sahib cJSuBilc^ passed away in 1944. (Ibid - PG 163) 

His thoughts 

1.) He said: "Deen cannot be understood by remaining at one place. Deen is 

understood by movement. Reflect! The Qur'aan was not revealed at one place. It 

was revealed sometimes at home sometimes on journey and sometimes in 

battle." (Ibid - PG 18) 

2.) Hadhrat Ji W^&Ss used to say: "The remedy for current westernization is the 

unlimited movement of Tablighi Jamaat and spreading of the six points." (Ibid-PG 18) 

3.) "We regard teaching as one of the fundamental duties. Our involvement in 

teaching proves this. We wish involvement in teaching to be combined with 

Tabligh." (Ibid -PG 77; 

4.) Once he addressed a group of businessmen in the following manner, "Earning 

a living is not part of the Arkan (pillars) of Islaam. It is astonishing that we are 

destroying the Arkan of Islaam and wasting away our lives on those activities 

which are not the Arkan." (ibid - PG 80) 

5.) Finally, he explained the movement, ikhwanul Muslimin, as follows, "When 

Hasan Albanna announced that his men should display their physical might in 

Egypt, I sent a message, through my men, stopping him from doing so. I advised 

him to continue the great task of reviving Deen and not to display physical force, 

otherwise the government would crush his profitable organization. Unfortunately 

he took no heed to my advice." (Ibid - PG 81) 

6.) Then Hadhrat Ji added, "This Ummah was formed when none supported only 

his own family, community, party, nation, area or language." (Ibid - PG 86) 



36 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-D 

7.) "The cure and remedy for this is to involve yourselves in the effort of Sayyidina 

RasulueJiS&lct^Sah W0&- Connect the Muslims to the Masjid where Iman is 

exaplained, Ta'lim is conducted, Dhikhr is practiced and Mashwarah regarding 

Dini effort takes place." (Ibid - PG 87) 

8.) Hadhrat Ji S&u&liSy said, "It is erroneous to think that the acquisition of 

authority and wealth will cause Islaam to prosper. In fact, political authority and 

wealth is causing much harm to Islaam. Today's political leaders are no longer 

the representatives of Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©)£@si and Umar 5sS2@*?>. They 

represent Qaisar, Kisra, Shaddad and Namrud. There remains no hope in them 

for the revival of Islaam. The condition of Islaam under their rule has caused the 

heart to cry out, "How will Allaah cJ.^33^ revive this dead corpse." (Surah 

Baqarah) (Ibid - PG 89) 

9.) Further, in the same discourse, he said: "Honour and disgrace is not in the 

planning of Russia and America, but in the control of Allaah cJJiSXSX:. Allaah 

cJJS»3i\3 has blessed honour and disgrace on certain principles. Whichever 

individual or nation or family adheres to the principles of success, Allaah W&£ 

will make them successful. On the other hand, whoever chooses the actions of 

failure, Allaah WM will destroy him." (Ibid - PG 90) 

10.) The following words reveal the Yaqin of Hadhrat Ji cJGSSuliJSjsi on Am'mal: 

"Allaah £)J3335Gi has made the Am'mal produced by Sayyidina Rasulullaah ^M 

more powerful than the atom bomb. Each and every Am'mal of his is a means of 

causing a complete change in the universe. (Remember) Salatul Istisqa is a 

means of changing the conditions (of drought) on earth." (ibid - PG 91) 

1 1.) The month of Ramadhaan is the month of the Qur'aan, Hidayat (guidance) 

and correction of A'mal. If we proceed in this blessed month to make effort for 

Deen according to its principles, then it is hoped that Allaah cSJSHS^ will open the 

path of Hidayat for the nations of the world. (Ibid - PG 97) 

12.) Ilm (knowledge) without Dhikr is darkness and Dhikr without Urn is the door 

ofFitnah. (Ibid - PG 112) 

13.) Moulana 3&£ESs> also said: "The ultimate object of Tariqat is to develop a 

natural dislike to perpetrate the divine prohibitions." (Ibid - PG 115) 

14.) Ensure that the oppressor compensates the oppressed, though the oppressor 

be from one's own family, nation or country. (Ibid - PG 118) 

15.) Remember, Islaam demands unity. It does not call for individuality. (Ibid - 

PG 130) 

16.) Hadhrat Ji "<2&5M£3 used to say: "We do not send Jamaats to Deoband and 

Saharanpur for the sake of doing Da'wah and Tabligh amongst the Ulama. We 

send them with the sole reason of bridging the gap which currently exist between 

the public and the Ulama. In this lies the benefit of the public." (Ibid - PG 

144/145) 

17.) He said: "The destruction of westernism lies in the universal Da'wah and 

propagation of the Sunnah." He propagated the Sunnah both verbally and 

practically. (Ibid - PG 156) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-1) 37 

18.) When he was informed about these remarks, he said: "I undertook this 

journey with the intention of following the Sunnah. It will be a bargain for me to 

sacrifice all my wealth in order to follow one Sunnah." (Ibid - PG 158) 

19.) He used to say: "Success is not in wealth. If success was in wealth, the Qarun 

would have been successful. Success is in the control of Allaah £).££££. If Allaah 

3JSS3&' wills, then He can make a poor person successful and, if Allaah 3X&2JZ 

wills, then He can make a rich person unsuccessful." (Ibid - PG 181/182) 

20.) Hadhrat Madani and Hadhrat Raipuri 3&Ablc£y said: "Why are you dispatching 

jamaats during these difficult times?" I replied: "It is my conviction that peace 

and tranquility will prevail wherever Jamaats will go." (Ibid - PG 185) 

21.) Whenever our pious predecessors were introduced, it was never ever said: 

"He is the owner of so many mills," instead they were introduced in this manner, 

"He is a Badri," "He participated in Uhud," "He participated in these battles," "He is 

the one who made these sacrifices for Deen." (Ibid - PG 187) 

22.) "The time you spend for useless pursuits should be utilized for the sake of 

Deen. Your entire vacation period which is spent in entertainment and fun should 

be correctly utilised in the path of Allaah £$&£&. We do not want you to forsake 

your studies." (Ibid - PG 191) 

23.) These Jamaats proceeded to Arabia with the following message: "You 

brought Deen to us. At that time and even presently, you are more worthy of 

doing the effort of Deen. The people of the world learnt Deen from you. Hence, 

even now you should continue doing the same work." (Ibid - PG 192) 

24.) He said: "These two nations have been permanent enemies of Islaam. Their 

culture has caused much harm to Deen. It is a difficult task to rectify this harm. 

They have distorted the history of Islaam, the life of Sayyidina Rasulullaah (£$§§ 

and the meaning of the Holy Qur'aan in such a manner that even knowledgeable 

persons are deceived." (Ibid -PG 248) 

25.) "Brother! It is better to spend as less time as possible to reach our 

destination. The ordinary place will take nine hours, whereas the jet will reach 

the destination in approximately three hours." (Ibid - PG 255) 

26.) "Our life in this world is temporary. We have to make such an effort in this 

short life-span that will save us from disgrace in the Aakhirat." (Ibid - PG 260) 

27.) He said: "When a person makes effort to himself, he reaches a stage where 

Allaah Ta'aala becomes pleased with Him. Allaah $$$• then makes decisions (of 

favourable conditions) upon the actions of his limbs and the world falls at his 

feet. Today, we are chasing after the world, whereas the world is running away 

from us." (Ibid -PG 264) 

28.) "When you4isten-t0 the recitation of the Qur'aan Sharif, then think: "Allaah 

3153*335; is addressing me. When you read or listen to the Ahadeeth, then think: 

Sayyidina Rasulullaah &$• is addressing me." (Ibid - PG 296) 

29.) "Do not prepare people to attend Ijtima's for the sake of meeting me or to 

request me to make Du'aa for them. Instead, prepare them to come for the sake 

of pleasing Allaah IS'&jIJQ, receiving rewards in the Aakhirah and becoming 



38 ; THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH 8S!£$@?gS (Vol-1) 

inviters to the Deen." (Ibid - PG 296) 

30.) "If you fulfill the right of involvement in this effort, then those powers who 

possess atom and hydrogen bombs will become your slaves with all their 

weapons. To fear the atom and hydrogen bombs is tantamount to the fear of the 

idolaters for their idols." (Ibid - PG 297) 

31.) The foundation of the social life of Sayyidina Rasulullaah W$s is based on 

purity, simplicity and modesty. The social life of the Jews and Christians is based 

on immodesty, extravagance and luxury. You are preferring the social life of 

those who shed the blood of your pious predecessors, dishonoured you and 

usurped your land. Now they are extending their help to you in a manner you 

feed chickens (for the sake of slaughtering them). (Ibid - PG 315) 

32.) You will spread Nur (light) in this world if you travel with it as the sun 

rotates. You will acquire Nur through Imaan, the A'mal and Akhlaaq (actions and 

character) of Sayyidina Rasulullaah {SH? and giving the Da'wah of Deen with 

sincerity. The sun has three qualities. Firstly it rotates with Nur, secondly, it is in 

continuous rotation all the time and thirdly, it does not take any benefit from 

those upon whom it sheds its light. Your condition should be similar, travel with 

this Nur, continuously proceed in the path of Allaah $&$£, and'make this Ayah: "I 

do not seek any reward from you for this work of Tabligh," your principle. You 

should not take any personal benefit from the effort of Da'wah. (ibid -PG. 3 19/320 

33.) The purpose of our Tabligh effort is that the Muslims must live obedient to 

the Commands of Allaah W$H. A life of obedience will result through developing 

the six qualities. (Ibid - PG. 335) 

34.) One wisdom of performing two sajdahs in every Rakaat is that we should 

remember our creation from sand when performing the first Sajdah. The second 

Sajdah should remind us of the termination of our life one day and our return to 

sand. Standing up from Sajdah should remind us of our standing in front of 

Allaah {§2$l to render an account of our lives in this world." (Ibid - PG 339) 

35.) Remember! Slogans like: "my nation," "my country," "my community," 

disunites the Ummah. Allaah 53)8*33? dislikes such slogans. (Ibid - PG 344) 

36.) Remember! The corruption of monetary and social dealings destroy the unity 

of the Ummah. (Ibid - PG 345) 

His Works 

This is an Arabic commentary of Imaam Tahawi's Kitaab, "Sharh Ma'aniyul Athar." 

Two volumes have been published. The first volume consists of 376 pages and 

second 442 pages. Moulana was busy working on the manuscript of the third 

volume when all of a sudden he passed away. (Ibid - PG 66) 

Hayatus Sahabah consists of three volumes. The first volume consists of 612 

pages, the second and third volumes consist of about 714 pages. After the demise 

of Moulana Mohammad Yusuf Sahib, Moulana In'amul Hasan Sahib began 

reading the Hayatus Sahabah after Isha Salaah. (Ibid - PG 73) 

The latter and former 'Ulama have unanimously approved and accepted the Kitab 

Sharah Am'aniyul Athar of Imam Tahawi aStfuliSsi. First Hadhrat Moulana 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&> (Vol-D 39 

Muhammad Ilyaas "$2<B*& began abridging the Kitab. Thereafter, Hadhrat 

Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib continued abridging the Kitab. (Ibid - PG 73) 

Hadhrat Moulana Muhammad Yusuf Sahib also wrote an Arabic booklet on the 

six points of Tabligh in the. light of the Ahadith. (Ibid - PG 74) 

From the above one can easily assess the status of the Moulana's Urn, his level of 

piety, his degree of concern, his wisdom, insight and foresight into Deeni 

activities. 

Underlying are few observations :- 

1 . The current translation has more sub-headings to make reading easier ; 

2. The book is an excellent Seerat Kitaab of Rasulullaah tiS?§ ; 

3. The book contains many signs of the hour and can be compiled separately ; 

4. It should be simplified for children to be read at bed time, true events for 
spiritual and moral upbringing of children ; 

5. Many laws and regulations of management, governance, discipline, control 
and mannerism can be drawn out; 

6. Every upright politician should read the book in their gathering to nature 
peace, security, accountability and justice; 

7. Sufis to read the book for spiritual practicality ; 

8. Radio stations should serialize and read daily ; 

9. Details of Khilaafat and inter-relationship between Sahabah ££&§ found 
extensively within the book; 

10. The reader should read W&&£, iSH and (A.R) relatively for 

1 1 . spiritual enlightment; 

12. Book naturally leads one away from the love of the world and creates a 
inner yearning for Jihaad, Martyrdom, Da'waa and Tabligh; 

13. Reading definetly creates awareness of sacrifices of Sahabah f£iSi; 

1 4. Book elucidates what love Sahabah ®£i had for each other 

15. A research scholar should group the various stories of the individual 
Sahabah &SH which are narrated scattered throughout the book; 

1 6. Book proves all aspects of the Tabligh and Da'wah effort ; 

17. "The teaching of Islaam" by Sheikh Zakariyya (A.R) can be adequately 
referenced via Hayatus Sahabah; 

18. We have used the translation of Quraanic text from our "Quraan Made Easy"; 

19. We have put many texts in dark to denote importance of passage to aid 
future scholars in deduction; 

20. Some narrations may cause mis-understanding for general readers. On 
reaching such passages proper interpretations and explanations should be 
sort from reliable Ulema; 

21. Nevertheless, what you have in your hands is a masterpiece. Read, re-read, 
study, practice and propagate. 

A. H. Elias (Mufti) 
1425/2004 



40 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH 8B,£Sj@?gi (Vol-p 




Qur'aanic Verses Concerning Obedience to Allaah 
mm and His Rasool « 



All praise belongs to Allaah 3IJ3S35C;, the Rabb (the Cherisher, the Creator, the 
Sustainer) of the universe (and whatever it contains), Who is the Most 
Compassionate, the Most Merciful and Master of (all affairs on) the Day of 
Recompense. (O Allaah £BSS35^.9 You Alone do we worship, and You Alone do we 
ask for help. Guide us to the straight path (the path oflslaam); the path of those 
whom You have favoured (by guiding them aright) and not the path of -those with 
whom You are angry, nor the path of those who have gone astray. {Surah Faatiha, 
verses 1-7} 

(o\ :oij*» Jl by) 40 Xif'" * Utyf lil» * oj jupU jjjjj £j iLl &$ (T) 
Verily Allaah cBS*3jC is my Rabb and your Rabb, so worship Him (Only, without 
ascribing partners to Him). {Surah Aal imraan, verse 51 } 

Say (O Rasulullaah <&§§), "Certainly my Rabb has guided me to the straight path. 
This (Deen of Islaam) is the secure Deen that is the Deen of Ibraheem #&&£, 
which is Haneef (not inclined towards any deviation but is inclined to the straight 
way, which is the path Allaah 2)J3*3SC sanctions). He (Ibraheem $£&£) was never 
from the Mushrikeen." Say, "Truly my salaah, all my acts of worship, my life and 
my death are for Allaah 3I3K33C, the Rabb of the universe." (Also say, O 
Rasulullaah &$%) "He (Allaah 3J3S35C) has no partner. With this (Towheed) have I 
been commanded (to adhere to) and I am the first of the Muslims."{Surah An'aam, 
verses 161-163} 

' }>'.", >>> '.,' ,.1 ■>' At\ * ? » Ml ""ill " "it ,l""' Ml !>' 't' ' > ' ' >' -' 
^fcSJLJ 9j*jJlj -U*Aa J 4JUV ^ji i^JJI (V^ll je-Jl *J>- , JJ *JJV 'i^U V±**i J ,J*i 3* 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ftB&V&S* (Vol-1) 41 



(O Muhammad &&js!) Say, "O people! Indeed to all of you (to the entire mankind 
until the Day of Qiyaamah) I am the Rasool of that Allaah 313>33 to Whom 
belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. There is no Ilaah besides Him 
and it is He Who gives life and death. So believe in Allaah B&2JQ and His Rasool 
(who is) the untutored Nabi who believes in Allaah 3!32!& : and His words (the 
Qur'aan). Follow him so that you may be rightly guided (because there is no 
salvation without imaan and belief in the Risaalah of ' Rasulu llaah 0il;."{ Surah 
A'raaf, verse 158} 

jjiiiLli Jj il> J^lflll \'y& \\ 'j>i$\ $j * 4JU1 c^Li £U*JJ ^J J^Lj {j* UiSjl Ujj^ (o) 

(ii:tUJI 5jj-,) ^Q) L<4>j Uy <*JJ! IjJcj-jJ Jj-jjJ! ^^jiii-il j <dJ( 
We have sent every Rasool so that he should be obeyed by the order of Allaah 
3J££2ft:- If only it were that when they (the hypocrites) oppress (wrong) their 
souls (by referring their disputes to others), they should come to you (O 
Muhammad &&) seeking Allaah 3\xJ2JQ's forgiveness and then the Rasool 
(Muhammad ^^) seeks forgiveness on their behalf, they will then surely find 
that Allaah 3J££35 is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful (Allaah 3!&j2JQ; will forgive 
them if they obey Him and realise that the judgement of Rasulullaah £$§§ is 
absolute). {Surah Nisaa, verse 64} 

O you who have Imaan! Obey Allaah 3.££2>t' and His Rasool and do not turn away 
from him (do not oppose him by listening to evil influences) while you are 
listening (to the Qur'aan and other advices). {Surah Anfaal, verse 20} 

Orr :a'j*e J 1 •J**') \0 Oy*>y ';&&> Jj-^G illl \yu±>\jf (v) 
Obey Allaah '&W4& and the Rasool {JUi so that mercy is shown to you. {Surah Aal 
Imraan, verse 132} 

(^jj^oJi £* <UJi Oj 'Jj+^'J ^•■S^U V* -^J •>*-*«*** IjPjLj ?j 4J^uij j aJUi l_j*il?lj J| (A) 

(H: JUilll Sjj-.) ^Q 

Obey (the commands of) Allaah 3)321jC and His Rasool and do not fall into 
dispute with each other, for then you will become cowardly (weak) and your 
strength will be lost. Exercise sabr, for verily Allaah 3.13>3jG is with those who 
exercise sabr.{Surah Anfaal, verse 46} 

O you who have Imaan! Obey Allaah $W£Q>, obey the Rasool $$!% and those in 



42 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&> (Vol-1) 

command among you (your leaders and authorities in ail fields). If you dispute 
regarding any matter, then refer it to Allaah SJSS^ (find the solution in the 
Qur'aan) and the Rasool &$> (or find the solution in the Ahaadeeth) if you 
believe in Allaah 3J2U3?? and the Last Day. This is best (for all) and gives the best 
result (because you will then not be basing your decisions on your personal 
opinions). {Surah Nisaa, verse 59} 

uitij u*w fyyb oi jLf45 j&Q "j-jj-oj *JJt <J\ i>£i ii} c^j^ Jy y& Ujj/ (V) 

' ' J T"-'u ■* ' 'i ~i f' - s " "in ' " ' <■•»-'" "?i. • * > " (^ ' » -> .»■".. -» ' '.TT-f' 

ojjjUJI v» ^Jju ^uy U5I (ji^j j -Uj^jj -Oil ^ e^-> M u>*^Jl >** ^Vj'j 

Or<o\ :jyJI S^) ^(Q 

When the Mu'mineen are called to appear before Allaah 2H&3Z)Q and His Rasool 
®S§ so that he may pass judgement between them, all they say is, "We hear and 
we obey" (they are pleased to accept Rasulullaah Wife 's Judgement). These are 
the successful ones. (The successful ones who reach their goal) are those who 
obey Allaah B&Zfc and His Rasool W$£, who fear Allaah &I3*33£ and do not 
disobey Him. {Surah Noor, verse 51, 52} 

i]Lpj jJ-U i£i ^ jji ill* j£j 'J*pb '&$ * J^> ^ £j * Oj^j i]i^5 

'.'*'''' £ e i"t'{' je u\ ''(V-'tr^H V' 'i s in -''-T' A\ '•"•! i.m-'-' 'iT,»-f< ',,i. '»' 
Oy&j >o-iU*) J>-yl >3**Wj ajSjJiyij »jLgaJl i^-»J\) SSJ? o^A-Jut >•-» dLJjls <_lb a*> 

(ol ti oi :jjJI 3jj-<) 1 !^) 

Say, "Obey Allaah 3JSa3S£ and obey the Rasool WB" If they turn away, then the 
Rasool && is responsible only for what he has been entrusted with (passing on 
the message) and you people are responsible for what you have been entrusted 
with (for accepting the message). If you obey, you will be rightly guided. The 
Rasool W$* is responsible only for clear propagation. Allaah 3!S£!5£ has 
promised those of you who have Imaan and who do good actions that He will 
definitely make them successors (of the rulers) on earth just as He had made 
those before them successors. And He will certainly grant (great) strength to the 
Deen that He has chosen for them and will certainly replace their fear with peace 
(on condition that) they worship Me and do not ascribe any as partner to Myself. 
Those who are ungrateful after this are sinful indeed. Establish salaah, pay 
zakaah and obey the Rasool {JSH (in all matters) so that mercy may be shown to 
you. {Surah Noor, verses 54-56} 

jJ$A& jJULUl jjj &£ #jl-. fy \$% idJ! IJ& l£l ^JJI l$S) Ox) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $gPi4u£g> (Vol-1) 43 

O you who have Imaan! Fear Allaah 3)3*331? and speak what is right (speak the 
truth, speak with Justice, speak of matters related to Deen and speak everything 
good, especially the Dhikr of Allaah *$%>Z$). (if you do this,) Allaah 3!S*331? will 
correct (accept) your (good) deeds and forgive you your sins. Whoever obeys 
Allaah 3)3*331? has succeeded tremendously. {Surah Ahzaab, verses 70, 71} 

4JUI a' !>J*b j£-*?<i UJ j^TlPi bj J>-jiJ) *iJ lj«*i-)l \y*\ ^JJI LgAjf Or) 

(U :JUj"!ll 3jj»a) ^!QJ OJj-iJti <u)l <Ulj 4-JL5j s^JI ^ J>*i 

O you who have Imaan! Respond (quickly) to Allaah 3)3*331? and His Rasool when 
they call you towards that (the injunctions of the Deen) which will give you life 
(an eternal life of happiness in the Aakhirah). Know that Allaah 3)3*331? comes 
between a man and his heart (because of which no person can have Imaan 
without Allaah 3)3*331? 's permission) and that you shall be gathered before Him 
(on the Day ofQiyaamah, when you will have to account for your actions). {Surah 
Anfaal, verse 24} 

Say, "Obey Allaah 3)3833? and the Rasool (Muhammad ®§§ by practising the 
Sunnah)." If they turn away, then (bear in mind that) surely Allaah 3)3*331? does 
not like the Kaafiroon. {Surah Aal Imraan, verse 32} 

Whoever obeys the Rasool &$& (Muhammad '&$%) obeys Allaah 313*331? 
(because Rasulullaah (Ji$§ a?/7M?/s tf?e message of Allaah B&2JZ) and whoever 
turns away, (refusing to accept the message, then O Muhammad W^, you 
should not upset yourself because) We have not sent you as a watcher (guard) 
over them (you will not be questioned for their denial because your responsibility 
is merely to convey the message to the best of your abiIlty).{Surah Nisaa, verse 80} 

(V. «^ :tLjJI 3jj-i) ^S^ 

Those who obey Allaah 3)3*331? and the Rasool {^^ will be #/7 the Aakhirah) with 

those Ambiyaa, "Siddeeqeen", martyrs and righteous ones on whom Allaah 

3)8*231? has bestowed His bounties. These are indeed the best of companions. 

This (companionship of the pious) is a favour from Allaah 3)3*331?. Allaah 3)3*331? 

suffices as the Knower (ofeverything).{Surah Nisaa, verses 69, 70} 

•?»'u «i i'-' J»i'»- '» 1 1. *\ ?lii \' >'. > > >'. i - '', . >' ?'t» ' " "in 1 i > "\ , .. 
jjiJldUij l^^^^^ll^^^^^v^^jy^j^jjUJI^J^jjp (W) 



44 . THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ti&XJSH&S) (Vol-1) 

(\t AV *L~J1 5j_)->) ^QS 

These {Jaws concerning) are the limits of Allaah. Whoever obeys Allaah $&3& 
and His Rasool &§, Allaah 3S&25C will enter him into Jannaat beneath which 
rivers flow, where they shall live forever. That is the supreme success (a great 
achievement). Whoever disobeys Allaah 3}S£W2 and His Rasool $$$• and 
oversteps His limits (later dying as a Kaaflr), Allaah &W23Z shall enter him into 
the Fire (of Jahannam) where he shall live forever. He shall suffer a disgracing 
punishment. {Surah Nisaa, verses 13, 14} 

* jJL£ oil \£L*\j '£l\ \'fib E J^Hj aJU Jliftt Ji * Jliftl ^ dJ]il^} (U) 

I 4 ' '. U £ ii '»-'»--' ' » •. 1i ^ ' *'&"' ' "' 'i'* i'i''i ' '¥\' ' J \ ii » »?' > ' ,i \'\' 

U-»j fl_jL«aJl o>*4^ e^tr ^ Oj^i^ >*-#j ^y^j uU^I >*-$^b ^i j> $!*£ c-*Jj bh 

They ask you fO Muhammad <&&§) about the spoils of war (about who will 
receive what portion of the spoils after the Battle ofBadr). Say, "The spoils of war 
are for Allaah SS&35G and His Rasool (for them to distribute it justly among the 
soldiers). So fear Allaah '$&$£, correct your mutual relations and obey Allaah 
®W£Z and His Rasool WM (the Shari'ah) if you are (true) Mu'mineen." The 
Mu'mineen are those whose hearts tremble when Allaah 2113833? is mentioned, 
whose (strength of) Imaan increases when His Aayaat are recited to them and (as 
a result, they are those) who trust only in their Rabb. They (the Mu'mineen) are 
those who establish salaah (perform it with all its etiquette) and who spend (for 
His pleasure) from what We have provided for them. 

These are the true Mu'mineen (about whose Imaan there can be no doubt). For 
them shall be elevated ranks by their Rabb (injannah), forgiveness and bountiful 
sustenance. {Surah Anfaal, verses 1-4} 
' <?-'-"tt 1 '»'»" .'-'»'',i '»•»■'?'- t >',X',>\ >>'■>' >\ \>\.' * >•» 'V\ , „ 

*' ~'}\\\ e \ J» 'Au ' " "" ', T.j-Ji i'.>>" '»„ - ,->, , ->' ; >— s .t ' »'**' - I, * ,. '>-»>_-' 
jjjp <LUI oj 4J-" >•-$*>>*-«> k ^-4 J J' "HJ-OJ *JJ' Oi'WJ «>>>'' OjJJJJ e>UaJi o>*^y 

(S\ :<wydl 5j>~i) ^[^ >**>-y 

The Mu'mineen men and the Mu'mineen women are supporters (helpers, 
protectors) of each other. They command (others and each other to do) good, 
prevent evil, establish salaah, pay zakaah and obey Allaah $W£fc and His Rasool 
OSiiiL These are the ones on whom Allaah 3JSS33C shall soon shower mercy. Verily 
Allaah <3J*S3j13 is Mighty, The Wise.{Surah Taubah, verse 71} 

> **■>>.'. >\..' ± >>'/•> y,> .'." >\,< > z> ■>>>>>*,'. '\, t ' >* >,>>>,,, '.i\ 

(n :ol^*P Jl 5j>-) ^"^ 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ®3&&3> (Vol-1) 45 

Say (O Muhammad '^Si), "if you love Allaah d&lJG then follow me (Muhammad 
t£$c@§), Allaah 3PJ2JG will then love you (He will reward you and grant you 
numerous material and spiritual blessings) and forgive your sins. Allaah 9.t©33^ 
is Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. "{Surah Aal Imraan, verse 31} 

^JUl^i jj> y ^oj-J!j 4-U1 \yry. u^ ^ k~o- l^J <UJ1 Jj~>j J>_ ^Sii J& J*J/ (W) 

(^ x-jI^I Sjj-O 40 !^ 
There is definitely an excellent example in Allaah cl&2J?s Rasool ®$£ for the 
one who fears Allaah £)fi£33 and the Last Day, and who remembers Allaah 
t3JS5S3iV? abundantly. {Surah Ahzaab, Verse 21 } 

,►£*$< Uj J 4jjbt« Jj-jJl ^hSwJl Uj ^i^ jLiP'ill ^ r <uji oj^j ^ ^ J*— 11 crJ 

(v j-ioJl Sj^-p) ^0 i_jlI*JI JuJii iill (jl * aJJI I^ajIj \'j!tfjti Up 

The booty (wealth) that Allaah granted His Rasool &$$? (without a battle being 
fought) from the people of the villages is for Allaah (to be distributed as Allaah 
pleases), for the (needs of the) Rasool ££$§, for the relatives (of Rasulullaah 
$$&£), for the orphans, for the poor and for the travellers so that this wealth may 
not remain as amassed riches with the wealthy among you (by distributing it in 
this manner, the wealth is circulated among people so that all may benefit). Hold 
fast to what (commands) the Rasool g§$f gives you and refrain from what 
(actions) He prevents you (because whatever he instructs you is from Allaah 
3X&2JQ). Fear (disobeying) Allaah e!).££355, for Allaah 2lj2j533£ punishes very 
severely. {Surah Hashar, verse 7} 

Ahaadeeth Concerning Obedience to Rasulullaah W$£, 

Following him and Following the Khulafa $3.fis®!seS 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah S3S®sS narrates that Rasulullaah {JSSI said, "Whoever 
obeys me, obeys Allaah 3£&3j£ and whoever disobeys me, disobeys Allaah 
£St&33^. whoever obeys my Ameer (whom I have appointed), obeys me and 
whoever disobeys my Ameer, disobeys me." '*' 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah 5U!3®& has also narrated that Rasulullaah {£P$» said, 
"Everyone belonging to my Ummah shall enter Jannah except those who refuse 
(they will not enter Jannah)." "who are those who refuse?" someone asked. 
Rasulullaah £■£$! replied, "Those who obey me shall enter Jannah while those 
who disobey me are the ones who refuse." (2 ' 

Hadhrat Jaabir 5£P@g narrated that a few angels came to Rasulullaah £|$l while 
he was asleep. Addressing the others, one of the angels said, "There is a 
similitude for this friend of yours. Mention this similitude." One of them said, 
"But he is asleep." Another responded, "Although his eyes sleep, his heart remains 



(1) Bukhari 

(2) Bukhari, as narrated in Jaami Vol. 2 Pg. 233 



46 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&$&&> (Vol-1) 

awake." The angels then said, "His likeness is like that of a person who built a 
house and then prepared a feast there. He then sent a caller to invite people. 
Whoever accepted the invitation of the caller entered the house and enjoyed the 
meal. On the other hand, those who did not accept the invitation neither entered 
the house nor partook of the meal." 

Some angels then said to the others, "Explain this to him (Rasulullaah (Si!) so 
that he may understand it." One of them said, "But he is asleep." Another 
responded, "Although his eyes sleep, his heart remains awake." The angels then 
explained, "The house is Jannah and the caller is Muhammad W$£. Therefore, 
whoever obeys Rasulullaah $$8$!, obeys Allaah 3fij£K£ and whoever disobeys 
Muhammad ®i? disobeys Allaah cU2S3j\?. Muhammad (Ji$! sets people apart 
(those who obey him have obeyed Allaah cJJ3a2513 and will enter Jannah while 
those who do not obey him have disobeyed Allaah 3J3£3>£' and will not enter 
Jannah). ^ 

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari 5i$a®e> has reported that Rasulullaah &i$i? said, "The 
likeness of myself and the Deen with which Allaah cHJj&SjI? has sent me is like a 
person who comes to his people saying, 'O my people! I have personally seen a 
large army (approaching to attack you) and I am warning you without any 
ulterior motives. So save yourselves (by leaving the town)! Save yourselves!'" 
"So a group of his people obeyed him. They left early that evening, travelled 
calmly and were saved. Another. group of his people regarded the warning as a 
lie. They therefore remained in the town and the enemy attacked them early the 
next morning, utterly destroying them. This is the likeness of those people who 
accept my word and practise the Deen I have brought and those people who 
disobey me and who reject the Deen I have brought." (2) 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar JSSia&Sg narrates that Rasulullaah ^^ said, "Every 
condition that afflicted the Bani Israa'eel will certainly afflict my Ummah as well 
(and the similarity of the conditions will be so close that it will be) just as the two 
soles of a pair of shoes correspond with each other. (Their conditions will be so 
close that). Even if a person from the Bani Israa'eel committed open incest with 
his mother, there will be someone from my Ummah who will do the same. 
Whereas the Bani Israa'eel split into seventy-two groups, my Ummah will split 
into seventy-three. All these are headed for Jahannam except one." The Sahabah 
m&@&J asked, "Which group will this be, O Rasulullaah (g$i?" "The one that 
follows my ways and the ways of my Sahabah $9!iKs!»e>." (3) 
Hadhrat irbaadh bin Saariya JSP®*© narrates that once after leading the salaah, 
Rasulullaah (S$! turned to the Sahabah $&&$*??> and delivered a lecture that 
caused their eyes to flow with tears and their hearts to tremble. Someone then 
said, "O Rasulullaah (^^»! This lecture appears to be a parting advice so do tell 
us about the things that you wish to emphasise." Rasulullaah i^S said, "I advise 



(1) Bukhari. Daarmi has also narrated a similar Hadith from Hadhrat Rabee'ah Jarashi, as quoted in 
Mishkaat (pg. 21). 

(2) Bukhari and Muslim. 

(3) Tirmidhi. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |@!>a@jg) (Vol-1) 47 

you to fear Allaah eJJS*35t? and to listen to and obey (your Ameer) even if he is an 
Abyssinian slave because those coming after me shall witness tremendous 
disputes. (During these times) You should keep practising my Sunnah and the 
Sunnah of my rightly guided Khulafa (the Khulafa Raashideen). Hold fast to this 
and bite hard into it. Beware of innovations (in the Deen) because every 
innovation (in Deen) is a Bid'ah and every .Bid'ah leads to deviation." (1) 
Hadhrat Umar S312@e> narrates that Rasulullaah {^e§| said, "When I asked my 
Rabb about the disputes to arise between my Sahabah $&&$$&& after me, He sent 
revelation to me saying, 'O Muhammad! Your Sahabah %&&$$> are like stars in 
My opinion. While all the stars are radiant, the radiance of some exceed the 
radiance of others. When their opinions differ concerning a matter, a person 
following the opinion of any of them will be rightly guided.'" 
Rasulullaah *$$§§ added, "My Sahabah '&&&& are like stars. You will be rightly 
guided by following any one of them." ' 2 ' 

Hadhrat Hudhayfa ©)£$&> narrates that Rasulullaah W$s said, "I do not know for 
how much longer I shall be with you." Indicating towards Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
JSBSSa!* and Hadhrat Umar isSSSS!^, Rasulullaah <&§§ added, "Follow these two 
after me, adopt the lifestyle of Ammaar JSUaffiS^ and believe whatever Ibn 
Mas'ood W)Z$*g) tells you." 

Hadhrat Bilaal bin Haarith S!S@£ narrates that Rasulullaah &£ said, "The 
person who revives a Sunnah of mine that had died after me shall receive the 
rewards of all those who practise it without any of their rewards being 
diminished. (On the other hand). The person who introduces any misleading 
ways with which Allaah £),££££ and His Rasool W$: are displeased with, he shall 
bear the sins of all those who practise it without their sins being diminished." * 3 ' 
Hadhrat Amr bin Awf W&&t> narrates that Rasulullaah ^§ said, "The Deen will 
recoil to Hijaaz just as a snake recoils towards its hole. The Deen will then make 
its home in Hijaaz just as a mountain goat makes its home on the peaks of 
mountains. The Deen started off as a stranger and will again become a stranger 
as it started off, so glad tidings for (those who are regarded as) the strangers 
(because of their association with the Deen). They are the ones who will rectify 
the distortions that people had introduced into my Sunnah." ' ' 
Hadhrat Anas *gp@s> reports that Rasulullaah £|$§ addressed him saying, "O my 
son! If you are able to pass the day and night without any ill-feelings in your 
heart for anyone, then do so." Rasulullaah (i§i? then added, "O my son! This 
(practice) is among my Sunnah. Whoever loves my Sunnah loves me and 
whoever loves me shall be with me in Jannah." * 5 ' 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SJIS®!^ narrates that Rasulullaah (i^i said, 
"Whoever holds fast to my Sunnah during times when my Ummah have been 

(1) Tirmidhi and Abu Dawood 

(2) Razeen, as quoted in Jam'ul Fawaa'id Vol. 2 Pg. 201 

(3) Tirmidhi. Ibn Maajah has also reported a similar Hadith from Katheer bin Abdillaah ibn Umar, who 
narrates from his father and grandfather. 

(4) Tirmidhi. 

(5) Tirmidhi. 



48 7H£ LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $gp@e> (Vol-1) 

corrupted shall have the rewards of a hundred martyrs." ^ Bayhaqi and Tabraani 

have reported this Hadith from Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah 3§}!3@3\ stating that the 

reward will be that of one martyr. 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah SSffife' has reported that Rasulullaah #li said, "The 

person who holds fast to my Sunnah during times when my Ummah is 

corrupted shall have the reward of a martyr." (2) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah @)£®sS narrates that Rasulullaah *£$$ said, "The person 

who holds fast to my Sunnah during times when my Ummah will be divided shall 

be like a person holding a burning charcoal." (3) 

Hadhrat Anas i£}\£$0g> narrates that Rasulullaah (Sii said, "The person who turns 

away from my Sunnah has no affiliation with me." * 4 ' Ibn Asaakir has narrated 

this Hadith from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar 5s5!3®gi, which begins with the 

words, "The person who practises my Sunnah has an affiliation with me." 

Hadhrat Aa'isha £gll£®g> narrates that Rasulullaah f^SI said, "The one who holds 

fast to the Sunnah shall enter Jannah." (5) 

Hadhrat Anas j£3.t2s©g) reports that Rasulullaah ®i? said, "Whoever revives my 

Sunnah, has love for me and whoever loves me shall be with me in Jannah." * 6 ' 

Qjir'aanic Verses Concerning Rasulullaah (£f^£ 

and the Sahabah (Sc@g> 

ji, ijbt a£> * i^l" Jj£j *iii J^o ^j J^J^j tfpXQj^ aire;) 0) 

(t. :uj^I ijy*) 40 Q* }ls* 

Muhammad &£$! is not the father of any men among you, but he is Allaah 
ctfi&JSjG's Rasool and the seal of all Ambiyaa (after whom there shall never come 
another Nabi). Allaah 3&2JZ has knowledge of all things. {Surah Ahzaab, verse 40} 

l^i** l4-lj~- j <oib <dll ^J) llelSj iQ QjJij (r^j>j ll»Ls> kiXiJLljl Ul ,^1 l^U/ 00 

O Nabi W$s\ We have certainly sent you as a witness (who will bear testimony 
against the Kuffaar of all nations on the Day of Qiyaamah), a carrier of good 
news (to the Mu'mineen that they will enjoy Jannah), a warner (to the Kuffaar that 
they will suffer the punishment ofjahannam if they do not accept Imaan) and as 
a caller to Allaah eMHS^ by His command and an illuminating lantern (who lit up 
the world filled with the darkness ofkufr and Shirk with the light of Imaan and 
also produced the Sahabah i©.&@8> as' guiding stars to guide people after him). 
{Surah Ahzaab, verses 45, 46} 



(1) Targheeb wat Tarheeb Vol. 1 Pg. 44. 

(2) Tabraani and Abu Nu'aym in "Hilya". 

(3) Kanzul Ummaal Vol. 1 Pg. 47. 

(4) Muslim. 

(5) Daar Qutni. 

(6) Sajzi. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W&$$€> (Vol-1) 49 

>,t*"i' ±>->>t'i' »,>*'*„' ,.-»" »„ y *> . Jk. .*, .'& *<*,>& * ' '. >, ,-,r e .\ , , 
ty*~~> j ajj>yj »JJl>*>J 'fJJ-OJ jJUU 1jJL«JxJ (y) \jjjj j Ij-i^j IjlaU. lLLlLvjI \j\f (r) 

(<\ <A :jCiJI Sjj-j) ^[iQ] tA^J *^V 

Verily We have sent you (O Rasulullaah >$$£) as a witness (to testify to the 
actions of people on the Day of Qiyaamah) , a carrier of good news (to the 
Mu'mineen) and a warner (to the Kuffaar) so that you (O people) believe in Allaah 
38SS3S3, believe in His Rasool, assist Him (His Deen), revere Him and glorify Him 
morning and evening. {Surah Fatah, verses 8, 9} 

Undoubtedly We have sent you fO Muhammad ^§) with the truth, as a carrier 
of good news (to those who believe you) and as a warner (to those who refuse to 
believe you). You will not be questioned about the people of the Blaze (about 
those in the fire ofjahannam. Allaah B&3& shall not ask you why they did not 
believe because your duty is to give them the message and not to force them to 
believe). { Surah Baqara, verse 119} 

(« :>u sjj-) {0%£ <#&. 4\ &&b\y %$ $*$* ^*k d&d&y (o) 

Verily We have sent you (O Rasulullaah %$£§) with the truth, as a carrier of good 
news (to the Mu'mineen) and (as) a warner (to the Kuffaar). (Your duty is nothing 
strange to people because) A warner (who cautioned people about the 
consequences ofkufr) passed in every nation.{Surah Faatir, verse 24} 

(YA :L»* ij^- 1 ) 

We have sent you (O Muhammad '&$§) to the whole of mankind only as a carrier 
of good news and a warner (and not as one who has to force people to accept 
Imaan). However, most people (the Kuffaar) do not know (that you are Allaah 
BWZfc 's true Nabi).{Surah Saba, verse 28} 

(01 :tj\ijii\ Sj^-.) ^[{Q) y^jJb j lyLL» "ill dWLiji Ujj^ (v) 
We have sent you (O Rasulullaah &B) only as a carrier of good news (to the 
Mu'mineen) and a warner (to the Kuffaar). {Surah Furqaan, verse 56} 

(VV »l«rtl Sjj-0 40 d^J^ ^>J "A il&y» Uj^ (A) 
We have sent you (O Muhammad '&M) as a mercy to the universe (to show 
mercy towards mankind, jinn and creation at large by guiding them to the path 
of salvation). { Surah Ambiyaa, verse 107} 

p^Uji \£ % ur Ji jji Jte ^ ^Ji ^ j ^b ; ti£j j^i ijjiji) oo 

(rr :<4ydl 5jj->) ^!Q 
It is He (Allaah v$i*>WZ) Who sent His Rasool WM with guidance and the true 
religion (of Islaam) so that He may make it overcome all other religions even 



50 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$£ (Vol-1) 

though the Mushrikeen detest it. {Surah Taubah, verse 33} 

(M :Jj»JI Sjj-O ^JQl ^^U-JJ ^ytj j U>j j (JO* j j^ JiO bl«J *~*x£J> dLOP 
fZ?o not also forget) The day when We shall raise against every nation a witness 
from their midst (the Ambiyaa of every nation who will testify against the Kuffaar 
of their nations), and We shall make you (O Muhammad '&^) witness over them 
(to testify in favour of the Ambiyaa that they did fulfil their responsibilities). We 
have revealed the Book (the Qur'aan) to you, that explains all things .to you 
(including the fact that all the Ambiyaa fulfilled their duties) and which is (a 
means of) guidance, a mercy and good news (of forgiveness, rewards andjannah) 
for those who submit (the Muslims).{Surah Nahl, verse 89} 

<i^l^ J^i^ J^» u^S ur-UJ' <^ ^4^ 1>^J ^j ^ J^i^ ^'^> <>n) 

^ *» * * 

Thus (just asAllaah &&Z& has guided the Muslims to the straight path) We have 
made you (the Ummah of Rasulullaah &$§) such a group that is moderate in 
nature (free from excesses and shortcomings) so that you may be witnesses (on 
the Day of Qiyaamah) over people and the messenger (Rasufullaah $$!$•) a 
witness over you (When the nations of previous prophets will deny that their 
prophets preached the truth to them, the prophets will call for the Ummah of 
Rasulullaah &^ as witnesses for them. When the Ummah of Rasufullaah (Jfil 
testify that the prophets were truthful, they will be asked how they know this 
when they were not present during the times of the others. To this, the Ummah 
of Rasulullaah ^§ will say that Rasulullaah {$$£ had informed them. 
Rasulullaah ®Sf will then make it clear that his Ummah are truthful). {Surah 
Baqara, verse 143} 

^SjSfH <A-iJr <U>Jt! bJU» J**w <UJl* y*\i <^»j jj!M ^\ c-U*Jl tf cJ*JLaJI _ji*^j 

Allaah cH&fflZ has certainly revealed a Reminder (the Qur'aan) to you (so that you 
guard yourselves from making the same mistakes that the previous nations 
made). And (Allaah 3!&$1$ has also sent to you) a Rasool ^j^'who recites Allaah 
cRSS^'s clear Aayaat (verses of the Qur'aan) to you to remove the Mu'mineen 
who do good deeds from darkness (sin, ignorance, kufr) and to bring them into 
light (obedience, knowledge, Imaan). Whoever believes in Allaah 3S3S23? and 
does good deeds, Allaah 3)3935 shall enter him into Jannaat beneath which 
rivers flow. There they shall live forever. Allaah eJ!5J33*J has appointed a most 
excellent provision for him. {Surah Talaaq, verses 10, 11} 

J^rJS -jijl J^^Lp IjiiJ ^Jft £ % j^-fcj i^ij i^P' J* £to l/> '*£$ Or) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j^tttS^ (Vol-1) 51 

Oil :ab** J1 Sj>-) \0 C/** (^-* (^ J** c^ ^ '°$ ^ ^^'j C^ 11 J"4*^« J 

Allaah 3Jjs333C; has certainly favoured the Mu'mineen by sending in their midst a 
Rasool (Rasulullaah W8&) from among them who recites to them His verses (of 
the Qur'aan), purifies them (from corrupt beliefs, Shirk, disobedience) and 
teaches them the Book (Qur'aan) and wisdom (the Sunnah). There is no doubt 
that these people were in open error before this (before the coming of 
Rasulullaah {JS$i/{Surah Aal Imraan, verse 1 64} 

In a similar manner (as part of Our favour to you) We have fa/so; sent to you a 
Rasool (messenger) from among yourselves (Muhammad &§) who recites to 
you Our verses (of the Qur'aan); purifies you (from Shirk); teaches you the Book 
(Qur'aan) and wisdom (the teachings of the Qur'aan); and teaches you what you 
knew not (he perfects both your knowledge and your actions). So think of Me (by 
performing salaah, making Dhikr, abiding by the Qur'aan and in all other 
matters) and I will think of you (by rewarding you and fulfilling your needs). Be 
grateful to Me (by obeying Me) and do not be ungrateful (by disobeying Me). 
{Surah Baqara, verses 151, 152} 

diyj ^JLi^yJl) JLilliP J<4!,p- JLjupL* <u!p jjjP ^&+Ji>\ ^ tSy^J j^^r'^f 0°) 

Ota :*jyd\ hy*) \0 >•■**■-> 
Undoubtedly a Rasool iiWfrom yourselves has come to you (someone whose 
lineage, morals, manners and integrity you know well). The difficulties that afflict 
you are very distressing to him. He is anxious for (good to come to) you and 
extremely forgiving and merciful towards the Mu'mineen. {Surah Taubah, verse 128} 

u*\» dU> ^ I>tt1 * sJUJI Ji^P litt «Jrpj E J^J «JJ 4JUI ^ U>> UJ J 01) 

^>«SS> ' > ,2.''-''., 

It is because of the mercy of Allaah 2)J£U3j£ that you (O Muhammad &&§•) are 
lenient (gentle, forgiving, soft-hearted) with them (with the Sahabah 9BS&&6). If 
you had been ill-tempered and hard-hearted, they would have all dispersed from 
around you. So pardon them, seek forgiveness for them and consult with them in 
matters (Rasulullaah &£ therefore consulted with the Sahabah $&0%1&2> very 
often). When you have taken a firm decision (after consulting with the 
knowledgeable ones), then place your trust in Allaah 3$&3?5 (and not on your 
resources and decision). Verily Allaah e$55i2>Gi loves those who place their trust in 
Him (and will surely assist them),{Surah Aal imraan, verse 159} 



52 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&$$% (Vol-1) 

' > mi ;' i^- v i'»'' » 1 »■'■' «' s i' 'i' <"»^' -"in i'*ff i"' "in s i ' ' » -o i'i 

a. : v' *j>-> 40 J^-5> ib'S * & i» *iw &£» * J^ 51 b^ 

If you do not assist him (Rasulullaah W8&), then indeed Allaah 3)35335 had 
assisted him when the Kuffaar drove him out (ofMakkah). He was the second of 
the two (the other being his bosom friend Abu Bakr &&$&?>) when they were 
(hiding from the Kuffaar) in the cave (outside Makkah) and he (Rasulullaah &§) 
told his companion (Abu Bakr &&$$»?> when the Kuffaar were on the verge pf 
capturing them), "Do not grieve (do not fear for my safety). Verily Allaah 3)283515 is 
with us (and He will protect us from the Kuffaar)" So Allaah 3)3X3315 caused His 
tranquillity (serenity, mercy and peace) to descend on him, assisted him (on 
various occasions) with an army (of angels and other creation) that you had not 
seen. And (Allaah B&>Zfc) placed the word of the Kuffaar (the call to Shirk) at the 
very bottom while the word of Allaah 3,13533)5 (the Kalimah) is right at the top-. 
Allaah 3)3*33)5 is Mighty, The Wise. (Therefore, if any person refuses to assist 
Rasulullaah W§i£i and Islaam, his assistance is not needed because Allaah 3)3*3315 
shall assist them as He did before.){Surah Taubah, verse 40} 

IjLat-i Ufj jjy j*#+i *U>j jli£Jl ^jAp frljiit <u* ^JJlj UII Jy-ij J*x*f (U) 

;,«<!„ > »■» .>-» ' i,' ,'>,? r.i"'^ <'0i' <'f i ">.'i >'ij .> » k j. . > >\'" 
^IjJJl lyjuv 4Jj-> ,jIp ^yu-u JaJUi-u ojjb <UlaJ> £p-l fjjS J**^' £->-&*} 

Muhammad g|3£ is Allaah 3J3*2315's Rasool and those with him (the Sahabah 
&ffl®*s>) are stern against the Kuffaar and (yet) compassionate among 
themselves. You will see them sometimes bowing (in Ruku), sometimes 
prostrating (in Sajdah, always) seeking Allaah 3)3*3315's bounty and His pleasure. 
Their hallmark (by which they are recognised) is on their faces because of the 
effect of prostration (referring to the illumination and humility apparent on their 
faces). This is their description in the Torah. Their description in the Injeel (Bible) 
is like that of a plant that sprouts its shoots and strengthens it, after which it 
becomes thick and stands on its own stem, pleasing the farmer. (Allaah 3)3*33)5 
has nurtured the Sahabah 'f&&&6 in this manner) So that the Kuffaar may be 
enraged by them (because of their animosity for islaam and for the Sahabah 
'$&&/&&). Allaah 3)3*3315 has promised forgiveness and a grand reward for those of 
them who have Imaan and who do good deeds.{Surah Fatah, verse 29} 

Jow^Ilj ijyJI £ ^jfcjL^b y£j> <0jJby ^jjl ^\ {S *i}\ Jj->jJt oj*~! iji^f (N) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH f&jSS^SfS (Vol-1) 53 

^-ay e-io«Jl >»-4*A* -V*i> ta - >*J tt J) ^-V Jay j ^SLuJI ^ s-b&LS ^Jj**W ^*yu. 

I shall soon f/>? tf?<? Aakhirah) ordain it (My mercy) for those who adopt Taqwa, 
who pay zakaah, who believe in My Aayaat and who follow the Rasool (who is 
also) the untutored Nabi (Muhammad W$i, about) whom they find (his name 
and description) written in the Torah and the Injeel (both of which they have) 
with them. He (Muhammad ^M) instructs them to do good, prevents (forbids) 
them from evil, permits pure things for them (which was forbidden in the 
previous religions), forbids them from impure things (such as carrion, blood, etc) 
and removes from them the burden and shackles (the stern laws) that were 
(binding) upon them (such as cutting off the portion of a garment that is impure). 
So the successful ones are certainly those who believe in him, honour him, assist 
him and follow the light (the Qur'aan) revealed with him."{Surah A'raaf, verse 156, 
157} 

Verses of the Qur'aan Concerning the Sahabah &$$&& 
'•Pi' »' * /i''„,'i' i.V'i, '>A i'f>'i i ■"«■' " s h i" -"mi ' f >''<\ , -. 

>l 'V- "''illiJuii 1' S /A»' S »•>'' ' <'|J-» >V ' C C i ' -"" >'.*>?.'.>' 
4JUI ,ja b«L» ^ o' 1>&J >» f "fl't >» ^1p cJLi>j c-*>j Uy J^l >. j ■ 1 p cJU? lil j& 

Allaah 3!2£3jtji has certainly turned in mercy towards the Nabi ®SI and towards 
the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar who followed him in the hour of difficulty (to 
Tabook) after the hearts of some of them were almost shaken (causing them to 
hesitate). Without doubt, He is Most Compassionate and Most Merciful towards 
them (by blessing them with steadfastness and devotion). And Allaah 3JSSX33C; (has 
also turned in mercy towards) the three (Sahaaba $£%$&?>, namely Murara bin 
Rabee W8®&>X Ka'b bin Maalik W@®% and Hilaal bin Umayyah 3SD3©*; whose 
matter (forgiveness for not marching to Tabook) was postponed (for fifty days) 
until the earth narrowed for them despite its vastness (and they could find no 
place to hide themselves), their own souls narrowed for them (they became 
frustrated with themselves) and they were convinced that there was no safety 
from Allaah 2)J3£35£ except (in turning) towards Him. Then Allaah SXS&gXZ turned 
towards them (in mercy) so that they (could) turn to Him (in repentance). Indeed 
Allaah SX&2XZ is Most Pardoning, Most Merciful. {Surah Taubah, verse 117, 118} 

l^> \j4jfi *J3\ oITj * L^jJi?-^ i^liT JjUj»j Qj ^ Jh^^J J^«^ \i!>£~J\ 



54 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH \j&ffiit$ (Vol-1) 

(\<K <V\ :joAJI 5j>-) ^Q 

Allaah 3J2S3KH was well pleased with the Mu'mineen (the Sahabah $&%&») when 
they pledged their allegiance to you (O Rasulullaah &^) beneath the tree (at 
Hudaybiyyah). Allaah 3)383513 knew what was in their hearts, sent tranquillity to 
them (causing them to accept Allaah 3JS33ft: s commands without hesitation) and 
rewarded them with a victory close at hand (when they conquered Khaybar soon 
after signing the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah) and (Allaah '&W£& will also reward 
them with) abundant spoils of war that they will take (after conquering Khaybar). 
Allaah 20333$: is always Mighty, Wise.{Surah Fatah, verse 18, 19} 

, i>, >\ , C ,, ,),>*,, 6, ,'»'?,'"• I •"(, ' '»-| S tii ' >i i u'\ ,^ s 

S-&* 4JJI ^j ai-*>»-v j**y*>\ c^r'J J 1 -^ *'J aO 9 ^' cr! oyj™ pyWjj (r> 

/a ' >,.'',.>>'.',. ', ,i. i,"t7'»- '» it. *\ Siii''»; > >'. i ' > >'fi".' ■»»' ,j •* " 
^y >4f«J' Ji*J' ^Lb w' •"&* c^^r*" -rt^ ^*' eJ ^° ^r - ^ -^-r^'J *** t^J-? 

Allaah 2)!&3ft= is pleased with the first to lead the way from the Muhaajireen, the 
Ansaar, and those who followed them with sincerity and they are pleased with 
Him. He has prepared for them such Jannaat beneath which rivers flow, in which 
they shall live forever. This is the ultimate success. (This verse clearly illustrates 
the great status of the Sahabah $&!%!&% and it will therefore be wrong to revile 
them.}{ Surah Taubah, verse 100} 

' >& •» » ,»i » 'i'»Ji' 'i S n * S '' "> mi' (A\ '>s •>■ it ■» ■» 'iT. {i «',»■»" "![„ '»•»•»»' 

» ' 1^ »1' » *&. \' ' ''iV' !>{»■? I*" f ' I ' » »'' ' l'*-* '.!•' » »'ll"l' >' 

<#**& ' > * i' f, u * * '. t, ft '' fi ' ',>' »■"*',' ' 
Q pjs&LLji v» i^JjU 'j^^-AJ jti (Jjj ^j S^>Ua3- 

£4 5/7are o/7/?e booty received without a fight is also reserved) For the poor 
Muhaajireen who were removed from their homes and their possessions. They 
seek Allaah SJSSDCs grace and pleasure and assist Allaah 3,^33^ and His Rasool 
W$i. These are the ones who are true (in their claim to imaan). (Part of this 
booty is also for) Those (the Ansaar) who adopted the place (Madinah) as their 
home before them (before the Muhaajireen) and (had adopted) imaan. They (the 
Ansaar) love those who migrate to them (the Muhaajireen) and find no want 
(jealousy or envy) in their hearts for what they (the Muhaajireen) are given. They 
(the Ansaar) prefer (others) above themselves (they prefer to give others) even 
though they are themselves in need (of the things they give). (Like the Ansaar,) 
Those who are saved from the miserliness (and greed) of the soul are really the 
successful ones (who will attain salvation).{ Surah Hashar, verses 8, 9} 

r , >4* * , ' J- ', .'". >,>> >> t '»'> .,'*,' I "* I 'I * > 'ii">i'i S ''iA/> 

•"in 1 1 ' { > " ■fc/n 6 » ' ' »' in '' 'iii- * in >• >n ' •">{*' »■'■'»■;■' -»»,c fi i 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jOBjJBffi (Vol-1) 55 

(rr -.jAji\ 3jj-)^0il* Ija llUi 

Allaah 2828*335 has revealed the most superb articulation; a Book #/?<? Qur'aan) 
with subject matter of similar import (to reinforce teachings), which is often 
repeated (by people throughout the world and throughout time). The bodies of 
those who fear their Rabb shiver with it, after which their hearts and bodies 
soften to Allaah S88*33?s remembrance (causing them to do good deeds). This is 
Allaah £!,®35£'s guidance, with which He guides whoever He wills. There can be 
no guide for the one whom Allaah 3)I**3j^ sends astray. {Surah Zumar, verse 23} 

* >* y>'^ > ■*' » •" >' ,»•"*'« ,'* > ,>i'. .' ,»•»>•? ,', '> m, i'jii ' > j \' a .t\ ,^s 

mySj*~fi jtAj j^$ JUa^ ly***oj "Jpt-» 'Jj* 1 !■# 'Jj^i >■>} j^JJl i«-!V y*$t UjJJf O) 
« (At '*'..*' » 'tit' i s s \*'t c {•>'. »•»*''»•»»' .'''„ ' >-">•'-' tii''-^ 

<i3^> '»•?'>' )'.i.' *~S ' XL *»'t H ' " > *'\ ' '"fli^ * '•' "* "i>' 

Only those people #rc//# believe in Our Aayaat who, when they are reminded 
about them, fall in prostration (out of fear and humility), glorify the praises of 
their Rabb and do not behave arrogantly. (These people are such that) Their sides 
part from their beds (they wake up for Tahajjud salaah), they make du'aa to their 
Rabb in fear (for His punishment) and (having) hope (in His mercy), and they 
spend (in charity) from what We have provided for them. No soul knows what 
pleasures are hidden for him (injannah) as a reward for the deeds he carries out. 
{Surah Sajdah, verses 15-17} 

>j \p ^jjj jtfj#. Jbi % Uj E q5ji s^ji £GS 5^ ^ j^iUi) ( Y > 

'» im' >A\ ' •"J." » 't if i'"' > ■"»' i »"i » ■"»?' ' ti tf it I'-'ist' » "'i i'-*!''' t '» in' 

^INj V Oi^ M»X ^J >** c£»* >*j*'j »y-aJ' V«'J >-«OJ lylses-tl ^iJij 

Whatever you have been given is merely an article of this worldly life (something 
to use temporarily). (On the other hand,) What (reward) is with Allaah 3,13X351? (in 
exchange for your good deeds) is better (than everything of this world) and more 
lasting (eternal) for those who have Imaan, who trust (only) in their Rabb (to 
provide for them and to protect them) who abstain from major sins and immoral 
behaviour and who forgive when they are angry (without taking revenge). (These 
people who shall have Allaah 3)8*3^ s eternal reward are) Those who respond to 
(the commands of) their Rabb, who establish salaah, whose affairs are (decided) 
by mutual consultation (counsel) between themselves, and who spend (in 
charity) from what We have provided for them. And (they are also) those who 
retaliate (only) when aggression affects them (without being aggressors). {Surah 
Shura, verses 36-39} 
•\.'»* i 6 > ■»» ' i' >', i '. > fi > >' '. r >'.' 'h,. ,>>'>'i' ,'i' ' »n' ' » £-"u ' \ ,.\ 



56 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WH^&S> (Vol-1) 

(Yi <vr vlj>^ll ij^-.) ^0 lXl>j lj)i£ (jlT 4JJ1 a] * j*-^ 
Among the Mu'mineen there are men who are true to the pledge they vow to 
Allaah £!J®3ft2 (that they will fight injihaad until they die). Of them is he who has 
fulfilled his pledge (and has been martyred), and he who is waiting (to be 
martyred). They have not changed (their resolve) in the least (unlike the 
Munaafiqeen). (Such situations of trial and hardship take place) So that Allaah 
&&>2J$ may reward the truthful (those who are true in their Imaan) for their 
truthfulness and punish the hypocrites if He wills or forgive them (when they 
repent sincerely). Allaah SB3«33t? is always Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. {Surah 
Ahzaab, verses 23, 24} 

tSji~J Ja Jj 4jj <U5-j 'yrji} ftp- J' JJ^J UjUj IJL>-Ui Jill frbl OJU j* ^'JP W 

//s the Kaafir better) Or the person who is engrossed in (Allaah &&Z& 's) worship 
throughout the hours of the night, prostrating and standing, fearing the Aakhirah 
and hoping for the mercy of his Rabb? Say, "Can those with (spiritual) knowledge 
be equal to thosewhodonothave knowledge? Only those with (spiritual) intelligence 
will heed (good advice)." '{Surah Zumar, verse 9} 

Mention of Rasulullaah {£!$§? and the Sahabah 
$B£5@£>in the' Divine Scriptures that Came Before 

the Qur'aan 

Hadhrat Ataa bin Yasaar cJCSi&l&SS reports that once when he met Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Amr bin Al Aas JSJlSSfSSei, he asked him, "Tell me about the 
description of Rasulullaah W$& in the Torah." Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr bin Al 
Aas 5£t!£®*& replied, "Alright. I swear by Allaah SUSSEX that the Torah describes 
him just as the Qur'aan does. (It says) 'O Nabi {£iS§£! Verily We have sent you as a 
witness, a giver of glad tidings, a warner and a protection for the illiterate nation 
(the Arabs). You are My servant and My Rasool and I have named you 
Mutawakkil (One who relies on Allaah 9J2833? only). You are neither ill-tempered, 
hard-hearted nor one who shouts in the marketplace. You do not resist evil with 
evil, but rather forgives and overlooks.' (The Torah continues to say ) Allaah 
3JSS3SI? shall never take him (Rasulullaah {SsSSi) from the world until people 
straighten their crooked religion by saying, 'Laa Ilaaha Illalaah' ('There is none 
worthy of worship but Allaah £3JSS33Cs'). By him shall Allaah ttUffi&Xfi open blind 
eyes, deaf ears and veiled hearts."' '*' 
Hadhrat Wahab bin Munabbih aia&ISSS narrates that Allaah 3)SS35£ sent the 



(1) Ahmad. Bukhari has also reported a similar narration from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood 
SM2SBS5. Bayhaqi has also reported a similar narration from Ibn Salaam with the words, "Until he 
straightens the crooked religion." Ibn Is'haaq has also reported a similar narration from Ka'b 
Ahbaar, as did Bayhaqi do so in brief from Hadhrat Aa'isha SUGSSSc. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH 'f&i^&t) (Vol-l) 57- 

following revelation to Hadhrat Dawood $§&£ in the Zaboor, "O Dawood! There 
shall soon come after you a Nabi whose name will be Ahmad and Muhammad. 
He shall be truthful and a leader and I shall never be angry with him. I have 
forgiven all his errors even before he can commit them. His Ummah shall be 
showered with My mercy. I shall grant them such Nawaafil (optional) that I have 
granted only to the Ambiyaa and I shall make compulsory for them such 
Faraa'idh that I have made compulsory only for the Ambiyaa and the Rasul. They 
will eventually come to me on the Day of Qiyaamah shining with the same light 
that shines from the Ambiyaa." Allaah 3>\%>Zfc tnen sa ^ to Dawood #£!&£, "O 
Dawood! I have granted superiority to Muhammad fiSSI and his Ummah over 
all other nations." (1) 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr S!3<@9 once asked Hadhrat Ka'b 3s3.l3®e) to describe 
to Rasulullaah W®£ and his Ummah to him. Hadhrat Ka'b SlIS®© said, "I have 
found them (described as follows) in Allaah &&>W$s book (the Torah): Verily 
Ahmad &S$| and his Ummah shall praise Allaah Q\%>Zfc abundantly who will 
praise Allaah 3!S>3>1? (by saying "Al Hamdu Lillaah') during favourable and 
adverse conditions. They will exalt Allaah 3J3SKS (by saying "Allaahu Akbar") 
when ascending an incline and glorify Him (by saying "Subhaa Nallaah) when 
descending from a raised place. Their call (the Adhaan) shall resound in the skies 
and during their salaah they will communicate (with Allaah 3&2XZ) with 
humming (whispering) sounds like the sound of bees against a rock. They will 
form rows in their (congregational) salaah just as the angels form rows and will 
form rows in battle as they do in salaah. When they go to battle in the path of 
Allaah e)J&3X= (for Allaah S^^'s pleasure), the angels will be before them and 
behind them with powerful spears. When they present themselves for battle in 
Allaah Q$>Ws path, Allaah S3J&35C shall shade (shelter) them just as a vulture 
shades her nest (while saying this, Hadhrat Ka'b ©!2®9 demonstrated with his 
hand how a vulture protects her nest by spreading her wings over it). They shall 
never flee from the battlefield." (2) 

According to another narration, Hadhrat Ka'b SSJlSKsS said, "(The Ummah of 
Rasulullaah $M$> were described in the Torah as) People who shall praise Allaah 
3J3a3j£ abundantly, who will praise Allaah ^gUZfe (by saying "Al Hamdu Lillaah') 
during all conditions. They will exalt Allaah $&>$% (by saying "Allaahu Akbar 1 ) 
when ascending an incline. They will keep track of the sun (to ascertain the 
correct times of salaah). They shall perform their five daily salaah on time even 
though it be at a dusty place. They will tie their loincloths at their waists and 
wash their limbs (when performing wudhu)." * 3 ' 



Ahaadeeth Describing Rasulullaah 

Hadhrat Hasan bin Ali 3s3!S®s> says that he once asked his uncle Hadhrat Hind bin 



(1) Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah Vol. 2 Pg. 326 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in his HilyaMoX. 5 Pg. 386. 

(3) Abu Nu'aym in his Hilya. Another longer narration has also been reported from Hadhrat Ka'b 
SlSSjjSS in the same book. 



58 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&\Zmf2> (Vol-l) 

Abi Haalah J&Kb®© to describe Rasulullaah &j|$| because he could describe 
excellently. His reason for asking for a description of Rasulullaah (^^ was to 
adopt something of the description (because Hadhrat Hasan bin Ali 5SS^@» was 
only seven when Rasulullaah {£ji$ji passed away, he did not have sufficient 
opportunity to study the appearance of Rasulullaah {Jf$# in much detail). 
Hadhrat Hind bin Haalah &&I&0 began, "Rasulullaah {H§H was of- outstanding 
stature, appearing such to others as well. His face shone brightly like the full 
moon at night. He was taller than the average person yet shorter than a lanky 
person. His head was gracefully large and his hair had gentle curls. If his hair 
formed a path, he would leave it that way, otherwise he never took pains to make 
one (while he would make a path if a path formed easily, he would not take pains 
to make one if it became difficult). When his hair grew long, it would be below 
his earlobes. His complexion was radiant and his forehead was wide. His 
eyebrows were full though fine and stood separately. Between the two was a vein 
which would swell when he became angry. His nose was smooth with a high 
bridge and had a lustre about it, which made an unacquainted person think that 
it was large (whereas its lustre only made it seem such). His beard was thick, his 
eyes were black and his cheeks were smooth and unobtrusive. His mouth was 
moderately wide, his teeth discreet with a slight gap between the two front 
teeth." 

"The hair of his chest formed a thin line up to the navel. Because of its 
smoothness and clarity his neck appeared to be that of a carved silver statue. His 
body wds firm and moderately built with his stomach in line with his chest. His 
chest was wide, his shoulders broad and his joints prominent and powerful. The 
uncovered parts of his body were always radiant. He had a line of hair running 
between his chest and navel and although his abdomen and breasts were 
hairless, his arms, shoulders and upper part of the chest had hair. He had long 
forearms, broad palms and his bones were well formed and straight. His hands 
and feet were well-built with his fingers and toes proportionately long. The inside 
of his foot was deep with the upper part so smooth that water easily flowed down 
them." 

"He lifted his feet well off the ground and leaned forward when he walked. He put 
his steps down lightly and walked briskly, taking long strides as he went along. 
He walked as if he was descending from a high place. When he turned to 
someone, he turned his entire body towards the person. His kept his gazes 
lowered and would more often be looking down than up. (Out of modesty) He 
never looked at a person straight in the face, always walked behind his 
companions and greeted whoever he met before they greeted him." 
Hadhrat Hasan ©!3j@# then asked his uncle to describe the manner in which 
Rasulullaah <$$$ talked. To this, his uncle said, "Rasulullaah $!S3i always 
remained grieved (concerning the Aakhirat), was forever concerned (for the plight 
of his Ummah) and had no rest. He remained silent for long periods and would 
speak only when necessary. From beginning to end his speech was complete (he 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (SB)*!@^) (Vol-1) 59 

did not speak vaguely) and spoke most comprehensively (without wasting 
words). His words were distinct and conclusive with neither excess nor shortage 
(leaving no room for ambiguity). He spoke kindly without being harsh towards 
anyone or embarrassing anyone. Regardless of how insignificant they seemed, he 
always held favours in high esteem without belittling them or praising them 
excessively (so that no greed is shown)." 

"When the truth was being opposed, nothing could stem his anger until the truth 
was avenged." Another narration states, "Matters relating to this world never 
made him angry. However, whenever the truth (matters of Deen) met opposition, 
nothing and no one could stem his anger until the truth was avenged. He never 
became angry for personal reasons and never took revenge for anything 
affecting his personal life." 

"Whenever he pointed towards something, he pointed with his entire hand (and 
not only with one finger) and he always turned his hands over when expressing 
surprise. He (sometimes moved his hands when speaking and) would hit the 
palm of his right hand on the thumb of the left hand. When he was angry with 
someone, he would turn his face away from the person and then either ignore 
him or forgive him. When he was happy, he would lower his gaze because of 
modesty. Rasulullaah &i§S£ smiled most of the time and when he did, his teeth 
would shine like hailstones." 

Hadhrat Hasan bin All WSt&& says that he did not mention this description to his 
brother Hadhrat Husayn bin Ali 5e3)3ffi!« for some time afterwards, but when he 
did, he gathered that his brother had learned about this from their uncle even 
before he could. He also learned that his brother Husayn ©(2®$ had even 
enquired from their father (Hadhrat Ali WG&&&) about the manner in which 
Rasulullaah {JsSSI entered his home, left the home, conducted his gatherings and 
about the other mannerisms and behavioural characteristics of Rasulullaah ^§. 
It appeared that there was not any detail of Rasulullaah (JiS's life that Hadhrat 
Husayn W&&& had not asked about. 

Hadhrat Husayn JIM®© narrates further that when he asked his father Hadhrat 
Ali &&®% about the manner in which Rasulullaah OiS entered the house, the 
reply was, "His entry into his home was by (Allaah 3H3*335i's) permission and 
when he arrived home, he divided his time into three parts. There was a part 
reserved for Allaah SSI^^Q (for Ibaadah), a part for his family (to speak to them 
and to see to their needs) and a part for himself. The part reserved for himself 
was further divided between himself and the people. The Sahabah ftBISs®* closest 
to him would (discuss matters with Rasulullaah &SS at home and) pass on 
whatever they heard from Rasulullaah {$$!§ to the public without keeping 
anything secret. When allowing the Sahabah i@]3®*i to enter into discussions 
with him during this time, it was his practice to give preference to the Sahabah 
$&%!&$ who were most virtuous in terms of their merit in Deen. Among them 
were those who had one need, others who had two needs and others who had 
more needs. Rasulullaah &S$| would engage himself with (fulfilling the needs of) 



6Q THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&&& (Vol-1) 

these people and would advise them concerning matters leading to their 
(spiritual) reformation and the reformation of the Ummah at large. Rasulullaah 
&j$$j| would enquire from those visiting him about the welfare of the Muslim 
public and advise them accordingly." 

"Rasulullaah £|$f would say to those coming to see him, 'Those present here 
should pass the message on to those who are absent. You should communicate 
to me the needs of those who are unable to present themselves (because they are 
too modest, afraid or living too far to appear themselves). On the Day of 
Qiyaamah, Allaah £l]32$3 shall keep firm the feet of that person who informs 
their leader about the needs of another person who cannot do so himself.' It was 
only matters of importance that were mentioned to Rasulullaah %$$: and he did 
not entertain anything else (such as futile talk). People used to visit him in search 
of Deeni knowledge and would not leave without tasting something (this either 
means that they would not leave without receiving the knowledge they came for 
or that they would not leave without having something to eat or drink). They 
would leave him as guides towards good." 

Hadhrat Husayn 5gt!£i©?> further narrates that he asked his father about what 
Rasulullaah && and when he left the house. Hadhrat Ali *g$ils58£s) replied, . 
"Rasulullaah Ofii? always guarded his tongue from everything besides matters 
that concerned him. He always put people at ease without ever making them feel 
uncomfortable (he always advised and censured them in a manner that never 
made them afraid being with him). He always honoured the noble persons of a 
tribe and appointed them as leaders of their tribes. He would warn people (about 
the punishment of the Aakhirah as well as about the harms they faced from other 
elements and people). Together with warning others, he also guarded himself 
from the harms of others without depriving anyone of his cheerfulness and good 
character. He always watched over his companions and enquired about the 
welfare of the masses." 

"Rasulullaah {JSP would commend anything good and encourage it. On the 
other hand, he condemned anything evil and discouraged it. He chose the 
moderate path in all matters and was never contradictory. He was never 
negligent of the Deeni welfare of the people so that they did not grow negligent 
towards the Deen or turn away from it altogether. He had a method of dealing 
with every situation without compromising on the rights of any person nor 
transgressing them in any way. The best of people were in his attendance and 
those that he regarded as the most virtuous were the ones who wished the best 
for others. In his estimation, the highest ranking people were those who 
sympathised most with people and assisted them most." 

Hadhrat Husayn SBSsl>e> narrates that he further asked his father about the 
gatherings that Rasulullaah Wi$s held. Hadhrat Ali *g})3@« replied, "Rasulullaah 
W80: never sat or stood without Dhikr on his tongue. He would never reserve a 
place for himself (in the Masjid) and also forbade others from doing this. 
Whenever he arrived in a gathering, he sat on the fringe of the gathering and 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j$B)£i@?e> (Vol-1) 6T_ 

instructed people to do the same. He gave equal attention to each person in the 
gathering so that all of them thought that they were the most honoured. 
Whenever a person sat with him or stood with him to address a need, 
Rasulullaah ^$1 remained with him patiently until the person himself took 
leave. When anyone asked him for anything, he would give the person his need 
or kindly tell the person that he did not have the means to fulfil the need." 
"Rasulullaah WtMs generously distributed his cheerfulness and good character to 
every person so that he became a father to them all and fulfilled the rights of 
each one of them equally. His gatherings included forbearance, modesty, 
tolerance and confidentiality. Voices were never raised in his gatherings, 
reputations were never smeared and faults were never publicised. Those 
attending his gatherings were treated equally (no racial and social discrimination 
existed) and people were held in high esteem only in relation to the level of their 
Taqwa. Each person respected the other and just as the elderly were shown great 
reverence, the youngsters were shown great compassion. The needy were 
attended to and enquiries were made about strangers (to see to their needs)." 
When Hadhrat Husayn SOS®*© asked his father about Rasulullaah $$$'s 
interaction with the people in his gatherings, Hadhrat Ali 3sM©9 replied, 
"Rasulullaah #$| always smiled and displayed a tolerant attitude and a soft 
nature. He wasnever ill-tempered, never hard-hearted, never shouted, was never 
vulgar, never searched for the faults of people and never joked excessively. 
Rasulullaah &$? pretended not to be aware of things he disliked but would not 
make a person lose hope in receiving something he wanted, which Rasulullaah 
i^2$| himself disliked (he would give the person something to appease him or 
advise him kindly)." 

"Rasulullaah W$$& divorced himself from three things and also prevented people 
from these three things. These were (1) arguing, (2) speaking too much and (3) 
indulging in futile talk. He never spoke ill of anyone, never insulted anyone and 
never searched for the faults of any person. He only spoke when he anticipated 
rewards for his speech." 

"Whenever Rasulullaah (Ji$l§ spoke, the Sahabah WS&®£& sitting in the gathering 
sat with their heads bowed as if there were birds perched on their heads (they sat 
absolutely still like people afraid that any movement of theirs would disturb birds 
perched on their heads). The Sahabah '<&$&£> remained silent as he spoke and 
spoke only when he was silent. They also took care never to argue in his presence. 
Rasulullaah ttffflffls expressed amusement when the Sahabah %&58®& laughed and 
expressed surprise when they did. He tolerated the blunt speech and harsh 
manner of questioning that strangers used (when they came to ask various 
questions). (Seeing that Rasulullaah {Jiif did not mind the questions and 
because they were too respectful to ask such questions,) The Sahabah $&&&£ 
used to bring such strangers to the gatherings." 

"Rasulullaah {JS^ used to say, 'Help a needy person whenever you see one.' He 
did not tolerate anyone praising him, unless a person was expressing gratitude 



62 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (S©!2@e> (Vol-1) 



for a favour done (Rasulullaah W8& allowed this so that people learned that they 
should express gratitude to others). He would never interrupt the speech of any 
person unless the person spoke something wrong, in which case, Rasulullaah 
(JIM would interrupt the speech by either stopping the person from continuing 
or by standing up and leaving." 

Hadhrat Husayn iiSSffi!® states further that he even asked his father about the 
manner in which Rasulullaah l &^ observed silence. His father Hadhrat Ali 
S!^S!g) replied, "Rasulullaah (S® observed silence on four occasions. These 
were (1) when he needed to bear with something, (2) when exercising caution, (3) 
when considering something and (4) when pondering about something. There 
were two things that he always considered. These were how he could (1) see all 
people alike and (2) hear all of them alike. There were also two things that he 
usually pondered about. These were (1) that which is everlasting (the Aakhirah) 
and (2) that which will come to an end (this world). Allaah SB-SOSt? had granted 
Rasulullaah @i? both the qualities of forbearance and fortitude because of 
which nothing made him so angry that he lost control of himself. ^ 
Rasulullaah &M exercised caution with regard to four matters. These were (1) 
ensuring that he does good and (2) giving importance to those things that would 
benefit the Ummah in this world as well as in the Aakhirah (his narration 
mentions only two matters). However, the narration in Kanzul Ummaal states, 
"Rasulullaah l &M exercised caution with regard to four matters. These were (1) 
ensuring that he does good so that his example should be followed (2) avoiding 
evil so that others also stay away from it, (3) exerting his mind in matters that 
will benefit the Ummah and (4) giving importance to those things that would 
benefit the Ummah in this world as well as in the Aakhirah. * 2 ' 
Statements of the Sahabah $S!3®«> Concerning Their Qualities 
Hadhrat Suddi 3i«£ulcc*%> has reported the following narration from Hadhrat Umar 
W&#&6 concerning the verse: 

C>ji»jJj^£UI ijP Oj-tfJJ OJ^i-Jlj OJj*v ij*^*^ u-^>l \a\J»^ j*i£j 

"You were the best of all nations who have been raised for (the benefit 
and salvation of) mankind. You enjoin good and forbid evil and have 
Imaan in Allaah 3^351?." {Surah Aal imraan, verse 110} 
He reports that Hadhrat Umar W$5&s> stated, "If Allaah 3}gZ$$ had willed, He 



(1) Tirmidhi has reported this entire lengthy Hadith in his "Shamaa'H" from Hadhrat Hasan Sl|a®9, 
when he starts by saying that he once asked his uncle Hadhrat Hind bin Abi Haalah W&&6 to 
describe Rasulullaah {®3§. The Hadith of his brother Hadhrat Husayn JSCSffiSs is also mentioned, 
who narrates from his father Hadhrat Ali iSJSSi&isi. Reporting from Haakim, Imaam Bayhaqi 
asffikSSs) has also narrated this Hadith in his "Dalaa'ilun Nabuwwah" from Hadhrat Hasan SSS©^ 
who says, "I once asked my uncle Hadhrat Hind bin Abi Haalah S3)3ffi«..." Haafidh Ibn Katheer 
SKSi&ktfi) has also reported this Hadith in his book "Al-Bidaayah" (Vol.6 Pg.33). As mentioned in 
Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.4 Pg.32), this Hadith has also been reported by Ruyani, Tabraani and Ibn 
Asaakir. Imaam Baghawi 33i2)l«£y has also reported it, as mentioned in M-lsaabah (Vol.3 Pg.61 1). 

(2) This narration appears in Jam'ul Fawaa'id (Vol.8 Pg.275). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j$gsft2%§!ig> (Vol-1) 63 

would have used the word (meaning "You are"), in which case the verse would 
have referred to all of us (whether a person enjoins good and forbids evil or not) . 
However, Allaah 3J«i53?5; used the word (meaning "you were") to refer specifically 
to the Sahabah $&$&&. Therefore, whoever does as the Sahabah $S)3i®s) did 
(enjoins good and forbids evil) shall be among "the best of all nations who have 
been raised for (the benefit and salvation of) mankind." (1) 
Hadhrat Qataadah SHaSuliSy reports that Hadhrat Umar 58313®s> once recited the 
verse: 

ijj^yj j>juJi ^jfi Oy&JJ Ojj**Ju OJj*v <j* l**J <£+srj>i $*'j*> j**&j 

' 'You were the best of all nations who have been raised for (the benefit 
and salvation of) mankind. You enjoin good and forbid evil and have 
Imaan in Allaah 3J2U3XH." {Surah Aal imraan, verse 110} 
Thereafter, Hadhrat Umar &&I&& said, "O people! Whoever wishes to be among 
this Ummah (who are the best of nations), then he should fulfil the condition that 
Allaah 28555335: mentions in the verse (i.e. enjoin good and forbid evil)." (2) 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood W&&& stated, "Allaah 28555335; looked at the 
hearts of all His servants and chose that of Muhammad (JiH. Allaah 28555335; then 
made him His messenger and granted him special knowledge from His own. 
Allaah 28555335; then again gazed at the hearts of His servants and selected 
companions for Rasulullaah {^ii (the Sahabah (@12®£) to assist (in the 
propagation of) His Deen and to be assistants in bearing the responsibility of 
Rasulullaah &0-. Therefore, whatever these Mu'mineen (the Sahabah $SB5S®a5) 
regard as good, is good in the eyes of Allaah £8*5335 and whatever they regard as 
unacceptable, is unacceptable in the eyes of Allaah 28555335;." (3) 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar &%!&$ had mentioned, "Whoever wishes to follow 
the ways of another, should follow the ways of those who have passed away. 
These were the companions of Muhammad *&$£, who were the best people of 
this Ummah. Their hearts were most pious, their knowledge was deepest and 
they were least pretentious. They were people whom Allaah 2855*335; had chosen 
to be companions of His Nabi W$$ and for the transmission of His Deen. You 
people should therefore emulate their character and mannerisms. By the Rabb 
of the Kabah! The Sahabah (@!2i©8> of Rasulullaah &^ were correctly 
guided." (4) 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood 5£3)52@!sei once said to the people, "Although you 
people fast more often, perform more salaah and make more effort, the 
companions of Rasulullaah fj^^ were better than you." When the people asked 
him the reason for this, he replied, "Because they had less concern for this 

(1) Ibn Jurayj and Ibn Abi Haatim. 

(2) Kanzul Ummaal Vol.1 Pg.238 

(3) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.375). It is also reported by Tayaalisi (Pg.33) and ibn Abdil Birr in 
Isti'aab (Vol. 1 Pg.6) without the words "Therefore, whatever these Mu'mineen. . ." 

(4) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol. 1 Pg.305) 



64 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&3sfl&9 (Vol-1) 

world and more concern for the Aakhirah." ^ 

Abu Waa'il dX£(&\Z&> narrates that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood WH$$*%> once 
heard a person saying, "Where are the people who have no concern for this world 
and look forward to the Aakhirah?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood 3£P@8> said 
to him, "They are the people of jaabiya^ 2 '. They were five hundred Muslim men 
who pledged that they would be martyred in battle and not return home. 
(Therefore, according to their custom,) They shaved off their hair, fought the 
enemy and were all martyred besides one who lived to tell the tale." ^ 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar JStlESsSeS once heard a person saying, "Where are the 
people who have no concern for this world and look forward to the Aakhirah?" 
Taking the person to the graves of Rasulullaah W$£, Hadhrat Abu Bakr ilSSSsS© 
and Hadhrat Umar 513.12®®, Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar JSBS&Sei said to him, 
"Were you asking about these personalities?" * 4 ' 

Abu Araaka "S^M^> narrates that he once performed the Fajr salaah behind 
Hadhrat Ali JSJ2®g. After the salaah, Hadhrat Ali JsJ!3s@*?> turned to his right and 
appeared to be extremely troubled. Eventually, when the sun rose the length of a 
spear's length above the Masjid wall, he performed two Rakaahs of salaah. 
Thereafter, he turned his hands over and said, "By Allaah 3J3533C;! I have seen the 
Sahabah $3!£®g> of Rasulullaah ^^ and do not see the likes of them anywhere 
today. In the mornings, their faces were pale, their hair dishevelled, their bodies 
covered in dust and between their eyes were the marks of prostration which 
resembled the marks on the knees of goats. Their nights were spent prostrating 
(in Sajdah) and standing before Allaah eJ!3S35£ (in salaah). They recited the Book 
of Allaah 3!3£25t? (the Qur'aan) and would attain comfort by standing in salaah 
and making Sajdah. When the mornings arrived and they engaged in Dhikr, their 
bodies would move as the trees do when the gentle wind blows through them. 
Their eyes would flow with tears until their clothing got wet as if they (were 
remorseful because they) had spent their nights in negligence." Thereafter, 
Hadhrat Ali W$$&t> stood up and was never again seen laughing quietly until he 
was martyred by the wicked enemy of Allaah, &&>$& Ibn Muljim. * 5 ' 
Hadhrat Diraar bin Damirah Kinaani $25uli£?%> once came to Hadhrat Mu'aawiya 
JESaiSSJei, who asked him to describe Hadhrat Ali JPS®©. Hadhrat Diraar bin 
Damirah Kinaani Sfl-t&liSs) said, "Would you excuse me?" Hadhrat Mu'aawiya 
JiJ)J3@e) replied, 'You cannot be excused." Hadhrat Diraar bin Damirah Kinaani 
3e»uiblc«*S continued, "If I have to say something, then I swear by Allaah &&>$& 
that Hadhrat Ali %§%%$&> was a man of high objectives (with immense honour). He 
was a man of tremendous strength who always spoke decisively and passed 
judgement with utmost justice. Knowledge seemed to burst forth from his every 

(1) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.136) 

(2) The name of place in shaam where a large Muslim army fought the Roman army during the period 
when Hadhrat Umar SK@« served as Khalifa. 

(3) Hilya Vol.1 Pg.135 

(4) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.307) 

(5) Bidaayah (Vol.8 Pg.6), Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.76) as well as Dinowri, Askari and Ibn Asaakir 
as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.8 Pg.219). 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$&$ (Vol-D 65 

limb (people learned something from his every word, action and even when he 
did nothing) and wisdom spoke through him from every angle. He kept aloof from 
the world and its attraction, taking comfort from the night and its darkness." 
"By Allaah cMa±K=! Hadhrat Ali &&&% shed many tears and remained in deep 
thought for long periods. He would often turn his hands over and address 
himself. He liked simple clothing and coarse (unrefined) food. By Allaah cX&fflfi 1 - 
He was just like one of us and when we met with him, he would make us sit 
close to him and ensured that he answered our every question. Despite him 
being close to us and us being close to him, we were too overawed to speak to 
him. When he smiled, his teeth appeared to be a string of pearls. He showed 
enormous respect towards men learned in the matters of Deen and he showed 
great love towards the poor. In front of him, a powerful person never expected to 
succeed in his false claims and a weak person never lost hope in his justice." 
"Allaah &•&%& is Witness to the night when I once saw him sitting in his Mihraab 
when the night had already drawn its curtains and the stars had vanished. He 
was holding his beard and bending over, displaying the distress of a person 
bitten by a scorpion. He wept like a bitterly grieved person and 1 can still hear his 
cries echoing in my ears as he repeated the words, Yaa Rabbanaa! Yaa Rabbanaa! 
(Oh our Rabb! Oh our Rabb!)' In this way, he humbled himself before Allaah 
SBSSiSC- He then address the world saying, 'O world! Are you trying to deceive 
me? Are you staring expectantly at me? Get away! Get away and use your charms 
on someone else because I have divorced you thrice. Your life is short, your 
company is demeaning and people easily get into trouble because of you. Oh 
dear! Oh dear! The provision (for the journey to the Aakhirah) is meagre, the 
journey is long and the road is frightening.'" 

(Upon hearing this,) Tears flowed uncontrollably from the eyes of Hadhrat 
Mu'aawiya S5HS®© onto his beard and he began wiping them away with his 
sleeve. The people present were also choked with their weeping. Hadhrat 
Mu'aawiya SJ!3®« then said, "That was indeed an accurate description of Abul 
Hasan (Hadhrat Ali isSajJaSfc). May Allaah cBSKSSCs have mercy on him. O Di.raar, 
what was your reaction to his death?" Hadhrat Diraar bin Damirah Kinaani 
2)G5i&li£y replied, "I felt the anguish of a woman whose only child is slaughtered 
in her lap, whose tears neither stop nor does her grief diminish." After saying 
this, Hadhrat Diraar bin Damirah Kinaani &&&tZfi& stood up and left. W 
Hadhrat Qataadah GliSfiulc^y reports that someone once asked Hadhrat Abdullaah 
bin Umar iS3!*®se> if the Sahabah '8§!$®>9 ever laughed. He replied, "Yes. However, 
the Imaan in their hearts still remained firmer than mountains." * 2 * 
Seeing the carriages of some Yemeni travellers made out of animal skin, Hadhrat 
Umar JSP®*; remarked, "Whoever wishes to see a semblance of the Sahabah 
itSP@« of Rasulullaah &$s should look at these people." (3) 



(1) Abu Nu'aym (Vol.1 Pg.84). In his book Isti'aab (Vol.3 Pg.44), Ibn Abdil Barr has also reported this 
narration fromHirmaaziwhohailedfromHamdaan and who reported the same from Diraar Sadaa'i. 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in his Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.31 1) 

(3) Kanzul Ummaal Vol.7 Pg.163 



66 THE WES OF THE SAHABAH $&$%&£ (Vol-1) 

Abu Sa'eed Maqbari et&3>Mg& reports that when Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah 
J£3)iK$9 contracted a plague, he instructed Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Jabal ©I3®s> to 
lead the salaah, which the latter did. When Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah 
Sp!@s9 passed away, Hadhrat Mu'aadh addressed the people saying, "O people! 
Sincerely repent to Allaah 3135355 for your sins because when any servant of 
Allaah 3J3a2>C meets Allaah aV3JS33js after he sincerely repents for his sins, Allaah 
B&fflZ's forgiveness is assured." 

Hadhrat Mu'aadh JsS^@8> then proceeded to say, "You have been grieved by the 
loss of a man whom I swear had a heart more free from malice than any other I 
have seen. I have not seen another with a purer heart, who was further from evil, 
who had as much love for the Aakhirah and who cared more for the well-being of 
the masses. Pray for mercy to be showered on him and make for the open plain 
to perform his funeral prayer. I swear by Allaah 3JSJK35C: that you shall never have 
another leader like him." 

The people gathered together and the bier of Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah 5S>!3®ei was 
taken to the plain where Hadhrat Mu'aadh Wiz$*& led the funeral prayer. When 
the corpse was brought to the grave, Hadhrat Mu'aadh 5H3J2®*©, Hadhrat Amr bin 
Al Aas JiK^SSs and Hadhrat Dahaak bin Qais W&&?> entered the grave to lay the 
body to rest. When they emerged from the grave, they closed the grave with sand 
and (standing at the head-side of the grave) Hadhrat Mu'aadh *|313s@g> addressed 
the deceased saying, "O Abu Ubaydah! I shall certainly heap praises on you but 
will say nothing untrue because I fear that it may incur Allaah 3JS*33?'s wrath. By 
Allaah SUSSiS?! As far as I know, you were certainly from among those people 
who abundantly engaged in the Dhikr of Allaah 3JSJ355, who walked humbly on 
earth and who would greet (and part company from) foolish people when they 
addressed you (to avoid disputes). You were among those who would neither be 
miserly nor wasteful when spending in charity, but who display excellent 
moderation between the two extremes. By Allaah 3JSS35C5! You were among those 
whose hearts submitted to Allaah SBS*33C, who displayed humility, who were 
compassionate towards orphans and the poor and who detested the behaviour of 
treacherous and arrogant people." ^ 

Hadhrat Rib'ee bin Hiraash $s&lce£y narrates that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 
SS2iSa« once sought permission to meet Hadhrat Mu'aawiya §^S®e> at a time 
when members of various tribes of the Quraysh were with him. As Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Abbaas JUl^SSe! approached, Hadhrat Mu'aawiya &&$&& said to 
Hadhrat Sa'eed bin Al Aas 3gp!@*s> who was on his right-hand side, "I shall present 
to Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas W&&& such questions that he will be unable to 
answer." Hadhrat Sa'eed W!&@& replied, "There is none like Hadhrat Abdullaah 
bin Abbaas 5s3!3®£ to answer your questions." 

When Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas W&S&ti was seated, Hadhrat Mu'aawiya 
W!£®Z*> asked him, "What have you to say about Hadhrat Abu Bakr *£}&&?>?" 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas ®^@gi replied, "May Allaah B&WZ shower his 



(1) Haakim in his MustadrakVol.S Pg.264 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W&$$f£ (Vol-D 67 

mercy on Hadhrat Abu Bakr S3S2®ssi. By Allaah 3J3X33C;! He ardently recited the 
Qur'aan, stayed far from deviation, avoided immodesty, prevented (people from) 
evil, knew his Deen well and feared (disobeying) Allaah 3J3S33C;. He engaged in 
Ibaadah during the nights, fasted during the days, remained uncontaminated by 
the world and was committed to administering justice among Allaah SU3S35l?'s 
creation. He instructed what was good and always did what was good. He was 
grateful to Allaah 3^>2J$ in all conditions, engaged in Dhikr morning and 
evening and was hard on himself in matters relevant to reformation. He excelled 
ahead of his companions in terms of piety, contentment, abstinence, chasteness, 
virtue, caution, self-discipline and in repaying people for the good they do. May 
Allaah 3)£&35t?'s curses up to the Day of Qiyaamah be on those who deride him." 
Hadhrat Mu'aawiya Sl!2@»s> then asked, "What have you to say about Hadhrat 
Umar bin Khattaab ©J2@s>?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas &Hs&& replied, "May 
Allaah SUSX3SC; shower his mercy on Abu Hafs (Hadhrat Umar *S3!3®2>). By 
Allaah£))*£35£! He was a great supporter of Islaam, protector of the orphans, a 
treasure chest of Imaan and a shelter for the weak. By Allaah 3JSa33t?! He was 
truly a sanctuary for the pious, a fortress for Allaah cSJ-SwKS's creation and an ally 
to every person. With fortitude and confidence in Allaah SBSS33?, he established 
Allaah 3JS«35^'s True Deen until the time came when Allaah 3S-&35I? made the 
Deen of Islaam dominant and subjugated many lands. Allaah ot!3£35£'s name was 
then mentioned in every direction, every hill and every spring in many parts of 
the world. He displayed exceptional tolerance when people spoke offensively, 
was always grateful lo Allaah 3!3i*33Gi during times of hardship and times of ease 
and engaged in the Dhikr of Allaah 3J3S351? at every moment. May Allaah ctj®35t?'s 
curse until the Day of Qiyaamah follow the person who harbours enmity for him." 
Hadhrat Mu'aawiya JS3|3@g) then continued, "What do you have to say about 
Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan S!^@s?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas %$$&?> replied, 
"May Allaah t3&2JQ shower his mercy on Abu Amr (Hadhrat Uthmaan 1£!1<%!&%). By 
Allaah £83*351?! He was an extremely honourable son-in-law (of Rasulullaah i$Sf) 
who kept the company of pious people and was among the most unfaltering 
soldiers. He stayed awake (performing Tahajjud salaah) for nights on end and 
wept excessively when engaging in Allaah 3JSa33Cs's Dhikr. Throughout the day 
and night he remained thoughtful about matters of importance, always ready to 
do anything of virtue and never tiring of completing anything that would lead to 
salvation. Among his noble traits was that he stood firmly against every calamity 
and was the generous sponsor of the Muslim army (especially during the Tabook 
expedition) and the sponsor of the well (the well of Rooma which he bought from 
a Jew and donated it to the Muslims). After all, he was the husband of two of 
Rasulullaah &pgl's daughters. May remorse until the Day of Qiyaamah follow 
who the person speaks ill of him." ; 

Thereafter, Hadhrat Mu'aawiya 'SsSaffiSsi asked Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 
S!2®gi, "what have you to say about Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib W&3&Z?" The 
reply was, "May Allaah 3!^>35t? shower His mercy on Abu Hasan (Hadhrat Ali 



68 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gftg@^ (Vol-1) 

&&i&i>). By Allaah ®i%>WZ\ He was a standard-bearer of knowledge, a fortune of 
piety, a stronghold of intelligence and a mountain of good. He was a light to 
those walking in the pitch darkness and an unrelenting caller to the great 
straight path. Hadhrat Ali Wl&i&t) possessed profound knowledge of the earlier 
scriptures, propagated the teachings of the Qur'aan and always imparted 
excellent advice. He always clung to the ways of guidance and stayed far from 
injustice, causing harm to others and from everything destructive. He was the 
best of those who possessed Imaan and Taqwa and the leader of all those who 
dressed in sewn garments or in unstitched shawls. He was the most noble of 
those who performed Hajj and Sa'ee, the most magnanimous of those who 
administered justice and equity and the most eloquent of people save for the 
Ambiyaa and the chosen Rasool of Allaah ®H». He was also among those early 
Muslims who performed salaah facing towards both Qiblas (the Kabah and 
Baytul Maqdas). Can there be any monotheist equal to him? He was the 
extremely fortunate one to marry the best of women (Hadhrat Faatima $&&&%>) 
and was the father of the two noble grandsons (of Rasulullaah (H^i). My eyes 
have never seen anyone like him and will never see anyone of his calibre until the 
Day of Qiyaamah, which is the Day of Meeting. May the curses of Allaah 3JSS3J? 
and the curses of every servant of Allaah cU**35\3 until the Day of Qiyaamah be 
on the one who curses him." 

Hadhrat Mu'aawiya JSSas©© then asked, "What have you to say about Hadhrat 
Talha 13)3®9 and Hadhrat Zubayr m&i&Z?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 
JIBSSbSs replied, "May Allaah .<3H&3fffi's mercy be showered on them. By Allaah 
SSSS33?! They were both extremely virtuous and pious Muslims who remained 
extremely pure. They were both martyrs and exceptionally learned men. Although 
they made an error, Allaah 3.135333 shall forgive them because of the tremendous 
assistance they rendered (to Rasulullaah t&gjtit and the propagation of Deen), 
because they were among the earliest Muslims, among earliest companions of 
Rasulullaah &0* and because of the many good deeds they carried out." 
Then Hadhrat Mu'aawiya &&&% asked, "What have you to say about Hadhrat 
Abbaas *m&&9?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas W&m said, "May Allaah 2N3S3SI? 
shower His mercy on Abul Fadhl (Hadhrat Abbaas $®g®&). By Allaah SB®3St?! He 
was the real brother of Rasulullaah ®jsg? and the delight of his eyes. He was a 
chosen servant of Allaah cJJ3X35l?, a sanctuary for all people and the leader of all 
the uncles of Rasulullaah W$i. He possessed deep insight into all matters, 
always considered the consequences of everything and was adorned by profound 
knowledge. The virtue of others fades into the background when his virtues are 
mentioned and the achievements of other families seem insignificant before the 
accomplishments of his family. Why should he not be such a great person when 
he was raised by none other than Abdul Muttalib, who was the most honourable 
of people and the most esteemed of the Quraysh who ever walked or rode." 
The above is a part of a lengthy Hadith* 1 ) . 

(1) The Hadith is reported by Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.160) who reports from Tabraani but comments that 
one of the narrators is not known. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&& (Vol-1) 69 

Chapter One 

The Chapter Concerning Da'wah 
Towards Allaah and His Rasool 



t-StW 



This chapter highlights how calling people towards Allaah and towards 
Rasulullaah (£!$§ was the action that Rasulullaah {Jl^i and the Sahabah 
W&&& loved more than anything else. It also draws attention to the fact that 
their ardent desire was for mankind to be guided towards the Deen of Allaah 
and to enter its fold so that they may be immersed in Allaah's mercy. In 
addition to this, it focuses on their tireless efforts to achieve this so that the 
creation could be linked to their Creator. 



L ove for Da'wah and Preoccupation with it 

The Concern of Rasulullaah &£ for Mankind to 

Accept Imaan 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas JsS2s@»£ narrates that Rasulullaah {Ji§| was 
extremely concerned that the whole of mankind should accept Imaan and pledge 
allegiance to him. Allaah therefore revealed Qur'aanic verses such as: 

(Vo :JjA 8jyj) \%tfD .!**-> J (> ji«> jt j » » * jp 

Among them (mankind) are the fortunate (those destined for J annah) 
and the unfortunate (those destined for Jahannam). {Surah Hood, verse 
105} 

in these verses, Allaah informed Rasulullaah ^^ that people will accept Imaan 
only if the good fortune of doing so has been destined for them in the Lowhul 
Mahfoodh. Similarly, only those people for whom ill-fortune has been destined in 
the Lowhul Mahfoodh will go astray. Allaah then revealed to Rasulullaah $&£&: 

(O Rasulullaah &^J It seems like you will destroy yourself (with grief) 
because they (the Kuffaar) are not becoming Mu'mineen. If We willed, 
We could have revealed a (great) Aayah (miracle) to them from the sky, 
causing their necks to bow before it in humility (because of which they 



7Q THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&!M$9 (Vol-1) 

would be forced to accept Imaan. However, Allaah does not do this 
because forcing people into submission would defeat the object of 
testing them and rewarding or punishing them according to their 
merit). {Surah Shu'araa, verses 3, 4}^' 

Rasulullaah ^$| Preaches to his People at the 
Time when his Uncle Abu Taalib is about to Leave 

the World 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas ig3!S@»e> narrates that when Abu Taalib was about 
to leave the world, a group from the Quraysh came to see him. Among this group 
was Abu Jahal. They complained to Abu Taalib about what his nephew 
(Rasulullaah W$0t) was saying and doing, including insulting their gods. They 
expressed the wish that Abu Taalib call for Rasulullaah (ic$§ and forbid him from 
what he was doing. When Abu Taalib sent for Rasulullaah ®§|, he promptly 
arrived and entered the house. When Rasulullaah {JSil came to the room, there 
remained a space for one person between the group of the Quraysh and Abu 
Taalib. 

Narrating further, Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 3S3!3s@jg) states, "The accursed 
Abu Jahal feared that if Rasulullaah ®j|§ occupied the empty space next to his 
uncle, Abu Taalib may become more lenient. Therefore, he jumped to occupy the 
place, leaving no place for Rasulullaah Sil near his uncle. For this reason, 
Rasulullaah {S§§? was forced to sit near the door. Addressing Rasulullaah $$&, 
Abu Taalib said, 'O my nephew! Why are your people complaining that you insult 
their gods and tell them so many things?' Upon this, those present started saying 
many things." 

Rasulullaah &H> finally addressed his uncle saying, "O my uncle! All I want these 
people to do is to accept a single statement that would make all the Arabs serve 
them and make all the non-Arabs pay them taxes." Taken aback by this, the 
people exclaimed, "Only one statement! By the oath of your father, we are 
prepared to accept ten such statements! What is this statement?" Abu Taalib also 
asked, "O my nephew! What is this statement?" Rasulullaah {^£11 replied, "Laa 
Ilaaha Illallaah ("There is none worthy of worship but Allaah")." 
Upon hearing this, the people hastily stood up and brushing down their clothing, 
they said, "Does he make all the (many) gods (that we worship) into one god? 
This is indeed something strange!" ' 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 5SSS®» states that it was with reference to this 
that Allaah revealed the verses: 



(1) Tabraani. Haythami efis3®i& states that the narrators of this Hadith are reliable, but adds that Ali 
bin Abi Talha did not hear the Hadith directly from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SIS®*. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WH%8&& (Vol-D 71 

(a b o :u * 3JJ-) 40 ol Jlp ly j jj U Jj E (^ \S"i 

/77?<? Mushrikeen say,) "Does he (Rasulullaah %$$!*) make all the (many) 
gods (that we worship) into one god? This is indeed something 
strange?" A group of their leaders passed saying, "Carry on (with what 
you are doing without paying attention to what Rasulullaah &|§i? says), 
and remain devoted to your gods (idols). Undoubtedly, there is some 
ulterior motive behind this. We have not heard about such a thing (this 
message) in the other religions. This is (therefore) merely some 
fabrication. Does some speech (revelation) descend on him (when he is 
merely a human being) from among us (and not an angel)?" (Allaah 
says further,) However, (the fact of the matter is that) they are in doubt 
concerning My revelation. The truth is that they (behave in this manner 
because they) have not yet tasted My punishment. {Surah Saad, verses 
5-8}' 1 ' 

Rasulullaah (^^ Presents the Kalimah to his 
Uncle Abu Taalib 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 5S8SS8S reports that several leaders of the Quraysh 
once went to Abu Taalib to speak to him about Rasulullaah t&M. Among them 
were Utba bin Rabee'ah, Shayba bin Rabee'ah, Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, Umayyah 
bin Khalaf and Abu Sufyaan bin Harb. Addressing Abu Taalib, they said, 'You are 
well aware of the high position you hold among us. The condition of your health 
is apparent and it makes us concerned for your life. Since you know well the 
differences that exist between us and your nephew, we need you to call him (so 
that you could mediate between us) and (in doing so) accept some of our 
requests as well as some of his. In this manner, he could stop opposing us, we 
would stop opposing him, he would leave us to our religion and we would leave 
him to his religion." 

Consequently, Abu Taalib sent for Rasulullaah ®§|. When Rasulullaah ^§ arrived, 

Abu Taalib said to him, "O my nephew! These prominent leaders of your people 

have come to you to give you (some of your requests) and to take from you 

(some of their requests)." Rasulullaah &^ replied, "Very well. I require you 

people to give me a single statement which would give you control of all the 

Arabs and which would make the non-Arabs follow you." Hearing this, Abu 

Jahal exclaimed, "Certainly! By the oath of your father! We are prepared to accept 

ten such statements." Rasulullaah 8fjj» said, 'You should then say, 'Laa Ilaaha 

(1) This Hadith has been reported by Imaams Ahmad, Nasa'ee, Ibn Abi Haatim and Ibn Jareer in their 

books when discussing the commentary of Qur'aanic verses. Tirmidhi has also reported the 

Hadith and states that the Hadith reliable. A similar Hadith has been narrated by Ibn Katheer in his 

commentary of the Qur'aan (Vol.4 Pg.28), by Bayhaqi (Vol. 9 Pg.188) and by Haakim (Vol.2 Pg.432). 

Haakim states that the chain of narrators is authentic even though the Hadith is no narrated by 

Imaams Bukhari and Muslim, imaam Dhahabi also states that the Hadith is authentic. 



72 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $S3XiStB&g> (Vol-D 

Illallaah ("There is none worthy of worship but Allaah") and discard everything 
that you worship besides Him." 

Those present then started clapping their hands (mockingly) saying, "Do you 
wish to make all our gods into one! This is indeed most strange!" They then said 
to each other, "By Allaah! This man will not give in to any of your requests. Let us 
leave and continue practising the religion of our forefathers until Allaah decides 
between us and him." They then dispersed. 

(When they had all left) Abu Taalib said to Rasulullaah &$%, "O my nephew, 1 
don't think that you asked anything difficult of them." Hopeful that his uncle 
would accept the message of Islaam, Rasulullaah (Ji$l said to him, "O uncle! Why 
don't you say it (the Kalimah) so that 1 may be permitted to intercede for you on 
the Day of Qiyaamah." Seeing the enthusiasm of Rasulullaah ii^, Abu Taalib 
said, "O nephew! By Allaah! I would certainly utter this Kalimah to please you if it 
were not for my fear that I and my progeny would become targets of insults and 
that the Quraysh would say that I said it only for fear of death." '*' 
Hadhrat Sa'eed bin Musayyab cX2;2>li<35 reports from his father that Rasulullaah 
^^ visited Abu Taalib when he was on his death-bed at a time when Abu Jahal 
was also present. Rasulullaah ^^ said, "O my uncle! Say 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah' so 
that I could defend you in the court of Allaah." Abu Jahal and Abdullaah bin Abi 
Umayyah then said to Abu Taalib, "Are you turning away from the religion of 
(your father) Abdul Muttalib?" The two of them continued speaking to Abu Taalib 
in this manner until the final words he uttered (as he passed away) were, "I 
remain on the religion of Abdul Muttalib." 

Rasulullaah (S8Si then said, "I shall continue seeking Allaah's forgiveness for you 
(O my uncle) until I am forbidden from doing so." Allaah then revealed the verses 
of the Qur'aan which state: 

•# at J$ J) S s '^ jS '*&£& *£&i oi fa i^j ^lu oirU) 

(W :<tyxJI ijj-0 ^g^Jj*^' (-owl >-$Jl jt-p ^^U 
It is not (permissible) for the Nabi &%, nor (is it permissible for) the 
Mu'mineen to (ever) seek forgiveness for the Mushrikeen, even if they 
be their relatives, after it has become clear to them (when these 
Mushrikeen died without Imaan) that they (the Mushrikeen) are to be 
residents of the Blaze (Jahannam). {Surah Taubah, verse 1 13} 

Verily you (O Rasulullaah W&t) cannot guide (to Islaam) those whom 
you love (such as Abu Taalib), but Allaah guides whoever He wills. He is 
best aware of those who are (deserving to be) rightly guided (and who 
deserve to be guided to Imaan). {Sur ah Qasas, verse 56} <2) 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq, as quoted in Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.123). There is one unknown narrator 
in the chain of narrators. 

(2) Bukhari and Muslim. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$& (Vol-1) 73 

Another similar report states that Rasulullaah i^$| continued presenting the 
Kalimah to Abu Taalib as the two Mushrikeen (Abu Jahal and Abdullaah bin Abi 
Umaayyah) repeated their words to him. Eventually, Abu Taalib passed away 
with the words, "I remain on the religion of Abdul Muttalib" without reciting, "Laa 
Ilaaha Illallaah" Rasulullaah f$$| then said, "Behold! I shall continue seeking 
Allaah's forgiveness for you (O my uncle) until I am forbidden from doing so." It 
was after this that Allaah revealed the two verses (mentioned above). (1) 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah *§}&&%> narrates that Rasulullaah {Ji^i came to see his 
uncle Abu Taalib when he was about to pass away. Rasulullaah (£SS§ said to him, 
"O my beloved uncle! Say 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah' so that I may be witness to it on 
the Day of Qiyaamah." Abu Taalib said, "I would have certainly said it to please 
you if I did not fear that Quraysh would ridicule me by saying, 'He said it only 
because he feared death.' I would have then definitely said it only to please you." 
It was on this occasion that Allaah revealed the verse: 

Verily you (O Rasulullaah WtOfe) cannot guide (to Islaam) those whom 
you love (such as Abu Taalib), but Allaah guides whoever He wills. He is 
best aware of those who are (deserving to be) rightly guided (and who 
deserve to be guided to Imaan). {Surah Qasas, verse 56}' 2 ^ 

Rasulullaah &P$| refuses to Forsake 
Calling people to Allaah 

Hadhrat Aqeel bin Abi Taalib (the son of Abu Taalib) narrates (3) that on one 
occasion when members of the Quraysh approached Abu Taalib (to discuss 
Rasulullaah t&iB), Abu Taalib said to Rasulullaah {£$$!, "O my nephew! By Allaah! 
As you well know, I have always listened to what you have to say (I now wish 
that you would listen to me). Your people have come to me to complain that in 
their gatherings and at the Kabah you tell them things that hurt them, if you 
think it appropriate, you should stop doing this." 

Looking towards the heavens, Rasulullaah {JSSI replied, "I do not have the ability 
to stop doing what I have been sent to do just as any of you do not have the 
ability to grab hold of a spark of fire from the sun." ^ 

A narration of Bayhaqi reports that Abu Taalib called for Rasulullaah WM and 
told him that the people had come to him and told him many things about what 
Rasulullaah ££$•; was doing. Addressing Rasulullaah W®H, he said further, "Have 



(1) Bukhari and Muslim, using a chain of narrators different from the narration just mentioned. 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq, as quoted in Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.123). There is one unknown narrator 
in the chain of narrators. 

(3) Only a part of the complete narration appears here. The complete text will Insha Allaah be quoted 
in the chapter that discusses the tolerance that Rasulullaah {JS8I and the Sahabah isSBaSsSe practiced 
during times of difficulty. 

(4) Tabraani and Bukhari in his Taareekh. 



74 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WfflJJ®& (Vol-D 

mercy on me and on yourself and do not cast on me a burden that neither of us 
can bear. Stop telling the people things that they dislike." Hearing this, it crossed 
Rasulullaah (JiSI's mind that his uncle had changed his opinions, that he would 
stop assisting him, that he would now hand him over to the people and that he 
had lost courage in supporting him. Rasulullaah ®H? said, "O my uncle! Even if 
the sun were placed in my right hand and the moon in my left hand, I would 
not forsake this work (of propagation) until Allaah makes it (this Deen) 
dominant or I am destroyed in the process. "After saying this, the eyes of 
Rasulullaah W®£ filled with tears and he began weeping. (The complete Hadith 
will now be mentioned.) 

Hadhrat Jaabir bin Abdillaah ii3!2@se> narrates that the Quraysh once gathered 
together and said, "Look for a person who is most learned in magic, 
fortune-telling and poetry so that he may meet this man (Rasulullaah W$i) 
who has split our community, divided us and insulted our religion. (When he 
meets Rasulullaah W$£) He should speak to him and gauge the response." 
Everyone agreed that the best person for the task was Utba bin Rabee'ah and they 
said to him, "Go to him, O Abu Waleed!" 

When Utba met Rasulullaah (£$il, he asked, "O Muhammad! Are you better than 
Abdullaah (your father)?" Rasulullaah SHI!? remained silent. Utba continued, "Are 
you better than AbdulMuttalib(yourgrandfather)?" When Rasulullaah W$i remained 
silent for the second time, Utba proceeded to say, "If you think that all these 
people are better than you, then remember that they worshipped the very idols 
that you find fault with. However, if you think that you are better than them, then 
say so, so that we may hear you. By Allaah! We have never seen a youngster 
bringing more ill-fortune to his nation than yourself! You have split our 
community, disunited us, insulted our gods and disgraced us among the Arabs 
so much so that news has spread among them that the Quraysh have a 
magician and the Quraysh have a fortune-teller. By Allaah! (We are so 
disunited that) All we are waiting for is a shout of pain like that of a pregnant 
woman before we begin opposing each other with swords and destroy each 
other. O person! if you have any (financial) need, we shall pool our resources 
for you until you become the richest man of the Quraysh. If need a woman, 
you may choose any of the women of the Quraysh and let alone one, we shall 
marry ten of them to you." 

Rasulullaah W^& said, "Have you finished?" when Utba replied in the affirmative, 
Rasulullaah &%$! recited the following verses of the Qur'aan: 

>ojiJ L»ys UljJ tJJS «JUa 4-^f U v^j-M y*>j& at JO* 5 M ^"f 

' »■? \ \' C -\ V'i' o i' It >" \' >' r> a «•' i'.i'm t ■' 'liTT'-''- \ c " - l Vi 

o>Ujp uj] J-*£u v^ &*aj *~fi! ijliyj w** Jti *y Ijyjjj u* vs\ 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&§> (Vol-1) 75 

Jj !y o>^* >** J£> >»-$J c-kLaJl IjJUpj 1y*l ^ III o] M OJjfi 

* i >-;' >'»'». ,'i ' '»' fi ■* » .' »^i ' » 7? i'»ciT"ii- j» i*' £-»i i *»r i' Ji 

jjjjJI jj JUiJ (ijUi lki>j <3 £tLUa*j Li jJI «.U«JI iLjj UjJ»l «.Lv*> ji" ^ 

In the name of Allaah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. 
HaaMeem. (This Qur'aan is) A revelation from the Most Compassionate, 
the Most Merciful. (This Qur'aan is) A Book, the verses of which Have 
been clearly explained as an Arabic Qur'aan, for a nation with 
knowledge. (It is) A carrier of good news (for the Mu'mineen) and a 
warner (for the Kuffaar). However, (instead of listening to the warnings) 
most of them turn away and do not listen (They have no interest in 
accepting the truth). They (the Kuffaar) say (to the Ambiyaa and those 
who call them to Imaan), "Our hearts are veiled from what you call us 
towards (we do not understand you) and there are props in our ears. 
There is also a barrier between you and us, so do (as you please), we 
shall do (as we please)." Say (to them, O Rasulullaah W$i), "(I cannot 
force you to accept because) I am just a human being like you. 
Revelation has been sent to me that your Ilaah is only One. So remain 
devoted to Him and seek forgiveness from Him. Destruction 
(Jahannam) be to the Mushrikeen who do not pay zakaah and who 
disbelieve in the Aakhirah. (On the other hand) There shall certainly be 
an everlasting reward Qannah) for those who have imaan and who do 
righteous deeds." Say, "Do you people really disbelieve in, and. ascribe 
partners to the Being Who created the earth in two days? It is He Who 
is the Rabb of the universe." (How can you not regard Him to be your 
Rabb when none other has powers similar to His?) And (in addition to 
all of this) Allaah has (also) placed mountains on the surface of the 
earth, blessed the earth (so that it may produce food), and stipulated 
the earth's provisions (all this and the creation of the earth took place) 
in four complete days; (this is sufficient as a reply) for those who 



76 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $>&&$$& (Vol-1) 

question (you about the creation of the earth). Thereafter, Allaah turned 
(His attention) to the sky, which was smoke, and said to it, as well as to 
the earth, "Come to Us (submit to Us) willingly or unwillingly." Both 
replied, "We shall come willingly." Within two days, Allaah then made 
them (the skies) into seven skies, and issued a suitable command to 
(the angels occupying) each sky. Allaah decorated the sky of the world 
with lanterns (stars) and made them a means of protection (to be used 
to pelt the Shayaateen who attempt to eavesdrop on the conversations 
of the angels). This is the decree of the Mighty, the Wise. If they (the 
Kuffaar) turn away, then say, "I warn you of a punishment like the 
punishment of the Aad and Thamud." {Surah HaaMeem Sajdah, verses 
1-13} 

Utba exclaimed, "Enough! Do you have nothing else to say?" Rasulullaah {Ji^l 
replied, "No." utba then left. When he met with the other members of the 
Quraysh, he said to them, "I told him everything you wanted me to tell him." "Did 
he give you a reply?" they enquired. Utba started saying, 'Yes," but then quickly 
said, "No!" He added, "By the Being Who made the Kabah a place of worship! I 
understood nothing from what he said except that he warns us of a punishment 
like the punishment that afflicted the Aad and the Thamud." To this the people 
said, "Woe to you! A man speaks to you in Arabic and you cannot understand 
what he says!" Utba replied, "No (I cannot help it)! By Allaah! I understood 
nothing except mention of the punishment that afflicted the Aad and Thamud." ^ 
Other authorities including Bayhaqi have reported a narration from Haakim in 
which it is added that Utba also said to Rasulullaah g|$3£, "If it is leadership that 
you want, we will all anchor our flags for you (it was the practice in those times 
that leaders would have the flags of their tribes anchored at their homes) so that 
you become our leader for as long as you live." 

This narration also adds that Utba placed his hand on the mouth of Rasulullaah 
%0l$ii when Rasulullaah {&£$!• reached the verse: 

(VT :»A*~> j^> 5jj~.) \%#!l ij^JJ ilP XiU+fi JIa "iJuyp j&j j JLil JJb \y»j£\ <jsf 

If they (the Kuffaar) turn away, then say, "I warn you of a punishment 
like the punishment of the Aad and Thamud." {Surah HaaMeem Sajdah, 
verse 13} 
He then bade Rasulullaah giU for the sake of their family ties that he should 
recite no further. After leaving the company of Rasulullaah <&^, Utba stayed at 
home and did not venture to meet the other members of the Quraysh. To this 
Abu Jahal commented, "O Quraysh! By Allaah! It appears as if Utba has taken to 
the religion of Muhammad and likes his food. There can be no other reason for 
this but that he has become poor. Let us go to see him." 

When they arrived to meet Utba, Abu Jahal said, "We have come only because you 
have taken to the religion of Muhammad and have taken a liking to his talk. If 
you have become impoverished, we sh all collect money for you so that you 

(1) Abd bin Humayd in his Musnad from Ibn Abi Shayba. 



TH E LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-D 77 

should have no need for Muhammad's food." 

Utba grew extremely angry when he heard this and swore by Allaah that he would 
never again speak to Rasulullaah W&£. He then said to them, "You know well 
that I am one of the wealthiest people of the Quraysh." He then related the 
meeting with Rasulullaah && and said, "I went to him and he replied with 
words that I swear by Allaah are neither (products of) magic, poetry or 
fortune-telling. He started reciting: 

In the name of Allaah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. 
HaaMeem. (This Qur'aan is) A revelation from the Most Compassionate, 
the Most Merciful. 
He continued reciting until he reached the verse: 

If they (the Kuffaar) turn away, then say, "I warn you of a punishment 
like the punishment of the Aad and Thamud." {Surah HaaMeem Sajdah, 
verse 1 3} 
I then held his mouth and beseeched him in the name of our family relations that 
he should stop reciting. You know very well that Muhammad never lies when 
he speaks, so I feared that the punishment would afflict you people." *'' 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar i &&&6 narrates that some members of the Quraysh 
once gathered to discuss about Rasulullaah {js^ as Rasulullaah W^ sat in the 
Masjid (the Masjidul Haraam in Makkah). Utba bin Rabee'ah said to the rest, 
"Leave me to speak to°him for I shall perhaps be softer on him than the rest of 
you." Saying this, Utba stood up and sat by Rasulullaah (^i. He then said, "O my 
nephew! I have no doubts that you are certainly from the best family and enjoy 
the most honour from all of us. However, you have placed your people in a 
situation that no other has done to their people. If it is wealth that you want by 
propagating your message, your people will take the responsibility to ensure that 
they accumulate their wealth to make you the wealthiest person. If it is position 
that you want, we shall all honour you until there is none more honourable 
than you and we shall do nothing without your approval. If you are doing this 
because you have been afflicted by evil spirits which you are unable to get rid 
of, then we shall spend all our fortunes until we grow helpless finding a cure 
for you. If it is leadership that you want, we shall make you our leader." 
Rasulullaah W®£ then said, "Have you finished O Abu Waleed?" When Utba 
replied in the affirmative, Rasulullaah && recited Surah HaaMeem Sajdah and 



(1) Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.62). Abu Ya'la has narrated a Hadith similar to that of Abd bin 
Humayd from Hadhrat Jaabir SSS&s. Abu Nu'aym has also narrated such a Hadith in his Hilya 
(Pg.75). Bayhaqi has mentioned that among the narrators is a person named Ajlah Kindi who is 
reliable according to Ibn Ma'een and others, but who Imaam Nasa'ee and some other scholars 
regard as unreliable. Besides him, the other narrators are reliable. 



78 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ®B&$& (Vol-D 

prostrated in Sajdah when he recited the Sajdah verse (verse 37/8). However, 
Utba remained sitting with his hand behind him for support. When Rasulullaah 
W$£ completed reciting the Surah, Utba stood up and (was so astounded by the 
words of the Qur'aan) that he did not know what to tell the others. 
Seeing him arrive, the others commented, "Utba is returning with a face quite 
different from the one he left you with." Utba said, "O gathering of Quraysh! I 
spoke to him as you instructed but when I had finished, he spoke to me with 
words that I swear by Allaah, my ears have never heard before. I did not know 
what to say to him. O gathering of the Quraysh! Obey me this once even if you 
disobey me forever afterwards. Leave this man alone to himself because I swear 
by Allaah that he will never forsake what he is doing. Allow him to do as he 
pleases with the Arabs because if he is dominant over them, his honour would be 
yours and if they dominate him, your objective would be reached without your 
intervention." To this the others said, "O Abul Waleed! You have forsaken your 
religion." *'' 

Rasulullaah &t$ts Resolve to Fight for the Duty 
that Allaah Sent him with 

Hadhrat Miswar bin Makhrama SBSSSs and Hadhrat Marwaan iUJ^iSSei have 
reported a lengthy narration concerning the incident leading to the Treaty of 
Hudaybiyyah, which will be mentioned later in this chapter. Part of the narration 
states. that while Rasulullaah @i? and the Sahabah %&$$% were stationed in the 
valley of Hudaybiyyah, Budayl bin Waraqa Khuzaa'ee arrived there along with a 
group of people from his tribe the Khuzaa'ah. This tribe were from the Tihaamah 
region and were the friendliest tribe of the region towards the Muslims. He told 
Rasulullaah (icil that they had just passed by the tribes of Aamir bin Luway and 
Ka'b bin Luway, who were camped at some of the springs of Hudaybiyyah. They 
informed Rasulullaah W$s that these tribes were ready to engage in battle with 
the Muslims and prevent them from coming to the Kabah. In fact they were so 
intent on fighting the Muslims that they had arrived with (all their "resources and 
even) those camels that were close to giving birth and those that had just given 
birth. 

Rasulullaah W®& said, "I have not come X.o fight anyone, but wish only to perform 
Umrah. (It is surprising that the Quraysh want to fight because) Fighting has 
already weakened them and caused them much harm. If they want, we are 
prepared to enter into a treaty with them for a period. During this period, they 
should not interfere with my efforts on the people. If I dominate over the people 
(if they accept Islaam), the Quraysh have the choice of entering into the Deen 
which the others have entered into. On the other hand, if people get the upper 
hand over me, the Quraysh will have no worries. However, if the Quraysh refuse 
(to accept Islaam and insist on fighting), then I swear by the Being in Whose 
control my life lies, I shall fight them fo r the sake of this Deen until either my 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq as mentioned in Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.63). Bayhaqi has also quoted the 
Hadith briefly from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar SJfiiSsSsS. 



TH E LIVES OF THE SAHABAH rtS,&@!?g> (Vol-1) 79 

head is separated from my neck or this Deen of Allaah flourishes." (1) 

A narration of Tabraani, also narrated by Hadhrat Miswar bin Makhrama SsSSiffiSs 
and Hadhrat Marwaan 5§S2®€>, ends with the words, "Woe be to the Quraysh! 
Waging war has certainly consumed them (although previous battles with the 
Muslims have weakened them, they are still intent on fighting). Why do they 
rather not allow me to continue my work among the people without 
interference? If the other Arabs gain the upper hand over me and finish me off, 
the heartfelt desire of the Quraysh wijl be accomplished. On the contrary, if 
Allaah grants me victory over the other Arabs, the Quraysh will also enter the fold 
of Islaam. However, if the Quraysh refuse to accept Islaam and still have the 
strength to fight me, what do they think? I swear by Allaah that I shall fight them 
for the sake of that (Deen) which Allaah has sent me with until Allaah grants me 
victory or this head is separated from my body." * 2 ' 

Rasulullaah && Commands Hadhrat Ali Wffl&& to 
First call People towards Islaam During 

the Battle of Khaybar 

Hadhrat Sahal bin Sa'd *g»^@S> narrates that during the Battle of Khaybar, 
Rasulullaah (ie$| announced, "Tomorrow I shall give the flag to the person on 
whose hands Allaah shall grant victory. He is a person who has love for Allaah 
and His Rasool (J^UgS and whom Allaah and His Rasool (S^? also love." Hadhrat 
Sahal @)£®s> mentioned that the entire night, the Sahabah j@!5SS!*s5 kept thinking 
which of them would receive the flag (to lead the army into battle). 
The following morning, all the Sahabah '{&&&& came to Rasulullaah &SSI, each 
one hoping that he would be the one to receive the flag. Rasulullaah &HI announced, 
"Where is Ali bin Abi Taalib?" The Sahabah ■$&&>&& replied, "O Rasulullaah f$$Sl 
He is suffering from pain in his eyes." Rasulullaah (H^i sent someone to call him. 
When he arrived, Rasulullaah (i§£l applied some of his blessed saliva onto 
Hadhrat Ali 'tgl&Ms&s eyes and prayed for him. His eyed were immediately cured 
and it appeared as if he had never suffered any pain at all. Rasulullaah {Ji§££ then 
handed the flag over to him. 

Hadhrat Ali *SJ!2(®gJ asked, "Should I fight them until they become like us?" 
Rasulullaah (ieSI replied, "March at a moderate pace until you reach their field. 
Then invite them to accept Islaam, explaining to them the rights due to Allaah 
that are compulsory for them to fulfil. By Allaah! If Allaah uses you to guide 
even a single person, it is better for you than red camels." (3) 



(1) Bukhari 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq has also reported this from Zuhri with the words: "What do the Quraysh think? I swear 
by Allaah that I shall fight for the sake of this (Deen) which Allaah has sent me with until Allaah 
grants me victory or this head is separated from my body." This is reported in Al Bidaayah wan 
Nihaayah (Vol.4 Pg.165). 

(3) Bukhari. Muslim has also reported a similar narration in Vol.2 Pg.279. 



80 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol-1) 



The Outstanding Perseverance of Rasulullaah ^c$i 
when Inviting Hakam bin Kaysaan to Islaam 

Hadhrat Miqdaad bin Amr S3)«@«9 narrates that when he took Hakam bin 
Kaysaan prisoner (during one of the battles), his commander wanted Hakam 
executed. However, he (Hadhrat Miqdaad WS&&&) managed to persuade his 
commander not to execute Hakam but to rather take him to Rasulullaah &^. 
When they brought him to Rasulullaah &$$£, the noble Rasulullaah &Hil started 
inviting him to accept Islaam and spent a long time speaking to him. 
After some time, Hadhrat Umar &&8*i9 said, "O Rasulullaah ^§\ For what 
reason are you talking to him so much? By Allaah! He shall never accept Islaam! 
Allow me to execute him so that he may reach his destination in Jahannam!" 
However, Rasulullaah £i$l paid no attention to Hadhrat Umar 5S)E3®S> (and 
continued speaking) until Hakam accepted Islaam. 

Hadhrat Umar ®!2®e> says, "When I saw Hakam accept Islaam, I was surrounded 
by thoughts of the past and future. I chided myself for addressing Rasulullaah 
{JS^f concerning a matter about which he had more knowledge than me. I then 
told myself that I had done so only for the welfare of Allaah and His Rasool 
t&SOg." Hadhrat Umar Js$3@e> also said, "Hakam became a Muslim and by Allaah, 
he was an excellent Muslim who fought for the pleasure of Allaah until he was 
martyred at Bir Ma'oona. Rasulullaah W^ was pleased with him and he has 
entered the gardens of Jannah." (1) 

In a narration of Zuhri, Hakam asked Rasulullaah W@£, "What is Islaam?" 
Rasulullaah <&M replied, "That you worship Allaah Alone Who has no partner 
and that you testify that Muhammad is Allaah's servant and Rasul." Hakam then 
said, "I accept Islaam." Rasulullaah (£$$§ then turned to the Sahabah $&&&& and 
said, "Had I listened to you just now and killed him, he would have entered the 
fire of Jahannam." * 2 ' 

Wahshi bin Harb Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas JSP®© narrates that Rasulullaah W®£ sent a 
messenger with the invitation of Islaam to Wahshi bin Harb who was responsible 
for killing Hadhrat Hamza isSSSSfiSs (the uncle of Rasulullaah {JiS#). The messenger 
returned with a message from Wahshi stating, "O Muhammad! How can you call 
me to islaam when you say that a murderer, a Mushrikeen and an adulterer 
shall meet with a grave punishment and this punishment will be multiplied for 
them on the Day of Qiyaamah where they shall remain disgraced in it forever* 3 '. I 
have committed all of these crimes, so is there any scope for me?" 



(1) JbnSa'd(Vol.4Pg.l37) 
(2)lbnSa'd(Vol.4Pg,138) 
(3) As mentioned in verses 68 and 69 of Surah Furqaan. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-l) 81 

Allaah then revealed the verse: 

(The punishment ofjahannam is for all murderers, Mushrikeen and 

adulterers) Except for those who (sincerely) repent, accept Imaan and 

perform good actions. For such people Allaah will convert their sins 

into good deeds. Allaah is Ever Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. {Surah 

Furqaan, verse 70} 

in reply to this verse, Wahshi said, "O Muhammad! The condition in this verse is 

uncompromising which states, 'Except for those who (sincerely) repent, accept 

imaan and perform good actions.' What if I do not have the opportunity to fulfil 

it?" Allaah then revealed the verse: 

(iA *Lj Sjj-.) \ iUj ^ dLli ojiL* jiidj <t Sjju o\j**fl aJU1 o\f 
Verily Allaah does not forgive that Shirk be committed, but may forgive 
all (sins) besides this for whom He wills. {Surah Nisaa, verse 48} 
To this, Wahshi replied, "This forgiveness depends on the will of Allaah. I do not 
know whether I shall be forgiven or not. Is there any other scope for me?" Allaah 
then revealed the verse: 

jam <UJI o\ <-UI **»> q* IjlaiaJ V s g.j.ftil Jkfi Iji^l jjjjJJt {S*U*i JJ/ 

Say, "O My bondsmen who have wronged their souls (by committing 

kufr or other sins/. Never lose hope of Allaah's mercy. Verily, Allaah 

forgives all sins. Undoubtedly, He is the Most Forgiving, the Most 

Merciful." {Surah Zumar, verse 53} 

Upon hearing this, Wahshi said, 'Yes, this is in order." He then accepted Islaam. 

Other Muslims asked, "O Rasulullaah {JS1§! We had also committed the sins that 

Wahshi committed (Does this verse apply to us as well?)." Rasulullaah Wife replied, 

"It applies to all Muslims in general." ^ 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas }|3!3®« reports that some Mushrikeen who had 
committed murder and adultery in abundance approached Rasulullaah S3£i. 
They said, "What you are saying and calling towards seems extremely good. Do 
tell us if there is any expiation for our sins?" It was on this occasion that Allaah 
revealed the following two verses: 

% ^ \ Jin 'j£ >J\ J^jt 6#L: « >i q» J» £ 6#tf iijis) 

Those who do not call to (do not worship) another llaah with Allaah, 
who only kill a soul forbidden by Allaah with a warrant (when required 
to execute a person whom a court ofShari'ah sentences to death), and 
(they are those) who do not fornicate (they neither commit fornication 
nor adultery). {Surah Furqaan, verse 68} 



(l) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 7 Pg.100) states that one of the narrators by the name of Abyan bin 
Sufyaan is regarded as a weak narrator by Imaam Dhahabi 3&SXu%. 



82 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-1) 

Say, "O My bondsmen who have wronged their souls (by committing 
kufr or other sins/. Never lose hope of Allaah's mercy. Verily, Allaah 
forgives all sins. Undoubtedly, He is the Most Forgiving, the Most 
Merciful." {Surah Zumar, verse 53}* 1 * 
Hadhrat Faatima $&&!&$ Weeps at the Pale Appearance of Rasulullaah W8& Caused 
by his Exertion In the Duty Allaah Entrusted to Him 

Hadhrat Abu Tha'laba Khushani 3&K3@« narrates that Rasulullaah @jjj83i once 
returned from a battle and entered the Masjid to perform two Rakaahs of salaah. 
Whenever he returned from a journey, Rasulullaah W&it always liked to proceed 
first to the Masjid to perform two Rakaahs of salaah and then go to the house of 
Hadhrat Faatima 13©l2!®fe' his daughter before proceeding to the homes of his 
wives. Consequently, he went to the home of Hadhrat Faatima Sp3®ti upon 
returning from a particular journey before going to see his wives. Welcoming him 
at the door, Hadhrat Faatima W&i&b started kissing Rasulullaah &$t on his face 
and his eyes. She then began weeping. When Rasulullaah Q$ffl& asked her what it 
was that made her weep, she replied, "O Rasulullaah ($&£! It is because I see 
your face so pale and your clothing so tattered (because of the strenuousness of 
the journey)." 

To this, Rasulullaah W®£ said, "Do not weep, O Faatima. Allaah has sent your 
father with a Deen by means of which He will enter honour or disgrace into 
every baked and unbaked home and every skin tent on the surface of the earth 
(those who accept Islaam will have the honour while the others will "have the 
disgrace). It (the Deen) shall reach wherever the night reaches 
(everywhere). " (2) 

Hadith of Tarneem Daari Concerning 
the Spreading of Islaam 

Hadhrat Tarneem Daari &&&$ narrates that he heard Rasulullaah Q$8§ say, 
"This Deen shall definitely reach wherever the day and the night reach. Allaah 
shall enter this Deen into every baked and unbaked home with either great 
honour or terrible disgrace. Allaah will grant the honour to Islaam and the 
people of Islaam, while the disgrace will go to kufr (and its people)." 
Hadhrat Tarneem Daari W®%&9 says, "I saw the reality of this in my own family. 
Those who accepted Islaam were blessed with good, honour and respect while 
those who remained Kuffaar suffered disgrace, humiliation and had to pay the 
Jizya." (3) 

(1) Bukhari (Vol.2 Pg.710). A similar Hadith is also narrated by Muslim (Vol.1 Pg.76), Abu Dawood 
(Vol.2 Pg.238), Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.89) and Nasa'ee as quoted byAyni (Vol.9 Pg.121). 

(2) Tabraani, Abu Nu'aym and Haakim, as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.77). Refer to Haythami 
(Vol.8 Pg.262) and Haakim (Vol.3 Pg. 155) for commentary on the chain of narrators. 

(3) Ahmad and Tabraani as quoted in Majma (Vol.6 Pg.14) and (Vol.8 Pg.262). Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.14) 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&H$&2> (Vol-1) 83 

Hadhrat Umar WfflOi&'s Desire for the 
Renegades to Return to Islaam 

Hadhrat Anas W$$*s6 narrates that Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari 5£3)tf@ss> sent him 
to give the news of the conquest of Tustar to Hadhrat Umar SJJj^SSsi. He says that 
Hadhrat Umar &$@&t> asked him about what had happened to six members of 
the Bakr bin Waa'il tribe who had forsaken Islaam and proceeded to live with the 
Mushrikeen. Hadhrat Anas l&]i%$!&> replied, "O Ameerul Mu'mineen! They have 
renounced Islaam and joined up with the Mushrikeen. Their only treatment is 
their execution." 

To this Hadhrat Umar *gjtw@« said, "I prefer getting hold of them alive and well to 
all the gold and silver in the world." Hadhrat Anas &%&<6 asked, "O Ammerul 
Mu'mineen! What would you do with them if you got hold of them alive?" 
Hadhrat Umar W@8&t> replied, "I would present to them the door from which they 
left so that they may re-enter it. If they accept, I would accept "it from them, 
otherwise 1 would hand them over to the prison." ^ 

Abdur Rahmaan Al Qaari reports that Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari W&®%> once 
sent a person to Hadhrat Umar 5§3!3@«. When Hadhrat Umar £H!i3@» asked the 
person about the condition of the people, he duly replied. When Hadhrat Umar 
Jp3®e> asked the person if there were any recent developments, he said, "Yes, O 
Ameerul Mu'mineen! A person who had become a Muslim, reverted to kufr." 
"What did you do with him," asked Hadhrat Umar }g3!g@£>. "We called him and 
executed him," came the reply. Hadhrat Umar Jp^S!» said, "Why did you rather 
not imprison him for three days, feed him bread each day and encourage him 
to repent? He may then have repented and re-entered Allaah's Deen. O Allaah! I 
was not present there. 1 did not command it and am not pleased with it now that 
it has come to my notice." * 2 ' 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JSB^Sfe' once wrote to Ammerul Mu'mineen Hadhrat Umar 
&&&%> to ask him what was to be done about a person who had reverted to kufr 
after accepting Islaam, then accepted Islaam again, only to return to kufr. This he 
had done several times already. "Should his Islaam be accepted from him again?" 
was the question Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JS83@* posed. 

In response, Hadhrat Umar W&3&9 wrote back, "As long as Allaah accepts the 
Islaam of a person, you should do the same. You should therefore present Islaam 
to him again. If he accepts, you should set him free, otherwise you may execute 
him." < 3 > 



states that the narrators in the report of Ahmad are narrators of authentic Ahaadeeth. Tabraani 
has also reported a similar narration from Hadhrat Miqdaad iSKSSSi. 

(1) Abdur Razzaaq as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.79). Bayhaqi as also reported a similar 
Hadith (Vol.8 Pg.207). 

(2) Maalik, Shaafi'ee, Abdur Razzaaq, Abu Ubayd in his Ghareeb and Bayhaqi (Pg.207). 

(3) Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.79), reporting from Musaddad bin Abdil Hakam who narrates from Amr 
bin Shu'ayb, quoting from his father and grandfather. 



84 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&3$i$?9 (Vol-l) 

Hadhrat Umar W&&& Weeps over the 
Exertion of a Christian Monk 

Abu Imraan Jowni narrates that Hadhrat Umar 3£ftiS®e> once passed by a monk 
and remained standing there. Someone called the monk and told him that the 
Ameerul Mu'mineen was there. When the monk peeped out, the effects of 
difficulty, exertion and forsaking the world were clearly apparent on his face (he 
had grown extremely pale and haggard on account of his spiritual exertions). 
Looking at him, Hadhrat Umar &$$$> began to weep. "But he is a Christian," 
someone commented. Hadhrat Umar W88&S® replied, "1 know, but I feel sorry f6r 
him because I thought of the verse in which Allaah mentions: 

He who suffered affliction and who endured many difficulties (thinking 
that he was pleasing Allaah whereas his beliefs and actions did not 
conform with the injunctions of Allaah). He shall enter the blazing fire. 
{Surah Ghaashiya, verses 3,4} 

I feel sorry for him because despite his exertion and efforts in this world, he 

shall still end up in Jahannam." (1) 

Rasulullaah ^^ Preaches to Individuals 



1 



Rasulullaah Qz$$i* Invites Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr '<§$%&& to Islaam 

Hadhrat Aa'isha SSI3®» narrates that her father Hadhrat Abu Bakr S!®@»© was a 
close friend of Rasulullaah &p§| even during the Period of Ignorance. One day, 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3S353®* left home to meet Rasulullaah (JSif . When he met 
Rasulullaah ^§, he said, "O Abul Qaasim^! Why is it that you are no longer 
present in the gatherings of your people? Why do they accuse you of speaking ill 
of their forefathers?" Rasulullaah &$£ said, "I am the Rasul of Allaah and am 
calling you towards Allaah." As soon as Rasulullaah ^^ had completed, Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr 3§3!£?@»s> accepted Islaam. 

When Rasulullaah *&& had left Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3U!S@«S, there was none 
between the mountains of Makkah happier than Rasulullaah SiM because 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr *SS^@»» had accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&*&>> then 
met Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan 5£3!3@«, Hadhrat Talha bin Ubaydillaah S!3@«, 
Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam i£S^@» and Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas H^&9, 
all of whom accepted Islaam. The following day, Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3§3®@se> met 
Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon SSSSls©, Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah 
SiSSSSSs, Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Awf W&S&*>, Hadhrat Abu Salma bin Abdil 
Asad 2SSS@s» and Hadhrat Arqam bin Abil Arqam 3SXS@ss>, all of whom also readily 



(1) Bayhaqi, Ibn Mundhir and Haakim as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.175). 

(2) A title of Rasulullaah {£&££, meaning father of Qaasim because Rasulullaah &§ had a son by the 
name of Qaasim. 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gp@?g> (Vol-i) 85 

accepted Islaam. (1) 

Ibn is'haaq reports that Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5s2ts@& once met Rasulullaah &% and 
said, "O Muhammad! Is it true what the Quraysh are saying about you forsaking 
our gods, calling us foolish and referring to our forefathers as infidels?" 
Rasulullaah iiJil replied, "Yes. I am Allaah's Rasul and Nabi. Allaah has sent me 
to propagate His message. With conviction I am calling you towards Allaah. By 
Allaah! This is certainly the truth. O Abu Bakr! I call you towards the One Allaah 
Who has no partner. Do not worship anyone but Him and always be obedient to 
Him." Rasulullaah &£ then recited a part of the-Qur'aan to Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
Jpj3@*£. Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3SSa@ei neither arxepted the message nor rejected it. 
He accepted Islaam, forsook idols, renounced all partners in worship and 
attested to the truth of Islaam. Hadhrat Abu Bakr S31js@s® returned from his 
meeting with Rasulullaah $$$> as a true Mu'min. (2) 

According to another narration, Rasulullaah %$$> said, "Everyone I called to 
Islaam expressed some hesitation and doubts except Abu Bakr. When I 
mentioned Islaam to him, he neither hesitated nor expressed any doubts (but 
accepted immediately)." * 3 * 

There is certainly an error in the words of Ibn Is'haaq's narration when it reads, 
"Hadhrat Abu Bal^r 3p3®!»e> neither accepted the message nor rejected it". Ibn 
Is'haaq himself asHwell as other scholars have mentioned that Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
JgSSSS) was a close |riend of Rasulullaah {JiS! even before Rasulullaah {Ji$f announced 
his Nubuwwah (prophethood). Hadhrat Abu Bakr is3!3®»?> was well aware of the 
truthfulness, honesty, excellent habits and sublime character of Rasulullaah &!§ 
which would not allow him to even speak a lie about the creation, let alone lie 
about The Creator. Therefore, as soon as Rasulullaah {JiSS told Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
W&&$ that he was Allaah's Nabi, he immediately accepted without hesitation. 
In fact, Bukhari narrates a Hadith in which it is reported that when there was 
once an argument between Hadhrat Abu Bakr J§S«®e> and Hadhrat Umar JSla®», 
Rasulullaah &0f said, "When Allaah sent me as a Nabi to you people, you all said 
that I was lying while Abu Bakr said, 'You are speaking the truth.' He then 
rendered me great assistance with his life and wealth. For my sake, will you 
people not leave this friend of mine alone (and refrain from causing him any 
sorrow)!" Rasulullaah t ^§ repeated this statement twice, after which no one ever 
caused any harm to Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&&&. This Hadith of Rasulullaah $$$• is 
a clear proof that Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&®% was the first to accept Islaam. (4) 

Rasulullaah &B Invites Hadhrat 

Umar *§!!£$&!*§> to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood W&fi&t) narrates that Rasulullaah $£Si once 
prayed to Allaah saying, "O Allaah! Strengthen Islaam by means of either Umar 

(1) Haafidh Abul Hasan Tarablasi as quoted in Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.29). 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq. 

(3) Ibn Is'haaq narrating from Muhammad bin Abdir Rahmaan bin Abdillaah bin Husayn Tameemi. 

(4) Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol. 3 Pgs.26,27). 



86 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$£& (Vol-1) 

bin Khattaab or Abu Jahal bin Hishaam." Allaah accepted the du'aa in favour of 
Hadhrat Umar !&&&$ and made him a means of strengthening the foundations 
of Islaam and of destroying the idols. *'' 

A narration reported by Hadhrat Thowbaan discussing the suffering of Hadhrat 
Umar ©ISSN's sister Faatima and her husband Sa'eed bin Zaid J£3!2j®ei shall be 
quoted in a forthcoming chapter concerning the suffering that the Sahabah 
flSGaH&e endured for Deen. It is mentioned in that narration that when Hadhrat 
Umar SJ!3©& came to Rasulullaah {JfSI (after leaving his sister's home) 
Rasulullaah %$!§ held him by his arms and shook him saying, "What do you 
want? Why have you come?" Hadhrat Umar W0$&!> replied, "Present to me what it 
is that you are calling towards." Rasulullaah (SS$| said, "That you testify that 
there is none worthy of worship but Allaah Who is One and has no partner and 
that you testify that Muhammad is Allaah's servant and Rasul." Hadhrat Umar 
iMSa©© accepted Islaam there and then. Hadhrat Umar *§S3@se> then told 
Rasulullaah £§!$!• to leave the house (and to perform salaah openly in the 
\Masjidul Haraam without fearing the Kuffaar). (2) 

Hadhrat Aslam narrates that Hadhrat Umar S5!S®e> once said to them, "Do you 
want to hear about how I came into the fold of Islaam?" When those present 
begged to be informed, Hadhrat Umar $$g8®& said, "I was one of the people most 
opposed to Rasulullaah Wt&- I once came to him as he sat in a house near Safa 
and sat before him. Taking hold of my collar, Rasulullaah W$£ said, 'O son of 
Khattaab! Accept Islaam.' He then prayed for me saying, 'O Allaah! Guide him.' I 
then said, 'I testify that'there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and I testify 
that you are the Rasul of Allaah.' The Muslims present there exclaimed, 'Allaahu 
Akbar!' so loudly that it was heard in the streets of Makkah." * 3) 

Rasulullaah && Invites Hadhrat Uthmaan 

Wm& to Islaam 

Hadhrat Amr bin Uthmaan reports that Hadhrat Uthmaan J&HSssSSS said, "I wa,s 
once visiting my aunt Arwa bint Abdil Muttalib (my mother's sister) when, 
Rasulullaah Wife arrived there. I began staring at him because in those days 
there was some mention of his Nabuwaat. Turning to me, he asked, What seems 
to be the matter, O Uthmaan?' I replied, 'I atn surprised that there is so much talk 
about you when you are such an honourable person among us.' Rasulullaah ^^ 
said, 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah'. Allaah is witness to the fact that I shuddered at this. 
Rasulullaah %2&&it then began reciting 

» l&CX' "ii" fi '1 ' e .t . 'mi' V' fi ii * "' A '»■»'»{," » y.\ 7* fi „ .'\ 

j&>\ U jju j»J Ai\ j^lj jU-Ji yjy Q oj-^k) ^&i> *U«Jt jjf 

(rr <n :coJJl 5jj->) \^ oy***> 

(l)Tabraani. Haythami has commented in Vol. 9 Pg. 61 that all the narrators of the Hadith are reliable 
except for one named Mujallad bin Sa'eed. However, some scholars do regard him to be reliable. 

(2) Tabraani. 

(3) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.41). Bazzaar has also narrated the narration from different sources. 
His Hadith will be mentioned soon, Insha Allaah. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gft3j@jg) (Vol-1) 87 

In the sky (in the "Lowhui Mahfoodh") is (the record of) your 
sustenance (its time, type and quantity) and (records of) what you have 
been promised (of Qiyaamah). (The time for Qiyaamah has been Fixed 
but has not been made known to man.) By the Rabb of the sky and the 
earth, this (coming of Qiyaamah) is certainly the truth just as (it is true 
that) yon can speak. {Surah Dhaariyaat, verses 22,23} 

Thereafter, Rasulullaah 0S$f stood up and left. I left after him, met him and 

accepted Islaam." ^ 

Rasulullaah &% Invites Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib 

'€mm to Islaam 

Ibn is'haaq narrates that Hadhrat Ali &ffi&9 came to Rasulullaah &£ while 
Rasulullaah f^^ and Hadhrat Khadeeja tap2ffi!^ were performing salaah. Hadhrat 
Ali *s3!2®& asked Rasulullaah &£, "O Muhammad! What is this?" "This is the 
Deen of Allaah that He has chosen and for which He has sent His Ambiyaa. I call 
you towards the One Allaah Who has no partner. I call you to worship Him Alone 
and to renounce both Laat and Uzza." Hadhrat Ali JiSSsSfe' responded by saying, "I 
have never heard of anything like this before. I cannot decide anything until I 
speak to Abu Taalib." Since Rasulullaah OHi disliked that his secret should be 
exposed until he made an open declaration to the people, he said to Hadhrat Ali 
3eS3s@»g), "O Ali! If you are not going to accept Islaam, keep this a secret." 
Hadhrat Ali ii3!2$®!>9 spent the night in this condition (without telling anyone) and 
Allaah inspired him with the urge to accept Islaam. Early next morning, he set 
out to meet Rasulullaah (£1$!. When he met Rasulullaah l &M, he said, "What was 
it that you presented to me, O Muhammad?" Rasulullaah W^ replied, "That you 
testify that there is none worthy of worship but the One Allaah Who has no 
partner and that you renounce Laat and Uzza and absolve Him from all partners." 
Hadhrat Ali iiS«@9 complied and accepted Islaam and would visit Rasulullaah 
gHH®! in privacy for fear of Abu Taalib. He concealed his acceptance of Islaam and 
did not make it known to anyone. (2) 

Habba Urani narrates that he once saw Hadhrat Ali iiSS8!£> chuckle as he sat on 
the Mimbar (pulpit). He had never before seen Hadhrat Ali JSJJ«@«i laugh in this 
manner that his teeth showed. Hadhrat Ali Wi%&& said, "I just thought about 
words of (my father) Abu Taalib. He arrived suddenly one day as Rasulullaah ^§ 
and I were performing salaah in the Valley of Nakhla. He asked, "O my nephew! 
What are the two of you doing?" Rasulullaah ®Hi then invited him to accept 
Islaam. Referring to the Sajdah posture, Abu Taalib then said, "There is no harm 
in what you are doing but I cannot allow my buttocks to ever rise above me". 
Hadhrat Ali $sSS@# was chuckling at these words of his father and then said, "O 
Allaah! Besides your Nabi {J§$§, no servant of this Ummah has worshipped you 
before me." He repeated this thrice and then said, "I performed salaah seven 



(1) Madaa'ini as quoted in Insti'aab (Vol.4 Pg.225). 

(2) Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol.3 Pg.24). 



88 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&%&& (Vol-l) 

years before other people." ^ 

Rasulullaah &Hi Invites Hadhrat Amr bin Abasa 

J£3$®& to Islaam 

Hadhrat Shaddaad bin Abdillaah narrates that Hadhrat Abu Umaama W&S&9 once 
asked Hadhrat Amr bin Abasa SS2§SsS» why he claimed to be the fourth person to 
accept Islaam. He replied, "Even during the Period of Ignorance, I realised that 
people were astray and I had no regard for idols. When I heard about a person in 
Makkah who was informing about many happenings and saying many things, I 
rode to Makkah. Upon reaching Makkah, I realised that Rasulullaah &S$I was in 
hiding and that his people were unashamedly harassing him. I therefore 
employed subtle tactics and finally managed to meet him." 
"I asked, "What are you?' Rasulullaah gfiH replied, 'I am the Nabi of Allaah.' I 
asked further, "What is a Nabi?' He said, 'A Rasul of Allaah."Has Allaah sent you?' I 
enquired. When he replied in the affirmative, I asked, "What (message) has Allaah 
sent you with?' Rasulullaah (USUI responded, 'That He should be accepted as One, 
that no partners should be ascribed to Him, that the idols should be destroyed 
and that family ties should be maintained.' I asked, Who is with you in this?' 'A 
free man and a slave,' was the reply. I saw that Hadhrat Abu Bakr bin Abi Quhaafa 
SS^@« was with him along with his slave Bilaal. I then said, 'I shall follow you in 
this.' Rasulullaah $%$% said, You cannot do so right now. Rather go home and 
come to meet me when you hear that 1 have become dominant.' I then returned 
home as a Muslim." 

"Rasulullaah W®£ later migrated to Madinah and I kept making enquiries about 
him until a caravan from Madinah arrived one day. I asked them, 'what is the 
condition of the person from Makkah who has come to you people?' They 
replied, 'His people tried to assassinate him but were unable to do so as Allaah's 
help came between. As we left, people were flocking to him.'" 
Hadhrat Amr bin Abasa Hsi&i^i continues, "I immediately mounted my camel and 
rode off. When I reached Madinah, I appeared before Rasulullaah QHflssHt and then 
said, "O Rasulullaah *&$!•] Do you recognise me?" He replied, "Are you not the 
person who met me in Makkah?" I said, 'Yes, I am the same person" and I added 
further, "O Rasulullaah! Teach me something that Allaah has taught you and 
which I do not know." There is still a considerable portion of this Hadith still to 
be mentioned. ^ 

Hadhrat Amr bin Abasa JDJSSSftj has narrated yet another Hadith. He says that he 
once asked Rasulullaah gSSil, "With what message did Allaah send you?" He 
replied, "Allaah has sent me with the message that family ties should be joined, 
human life should be preserved, roads should remain safe, idols should be 
broken and that only one Allaah should be worshipped Who has no partner." I 



(1) Ahmad. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.102) has mentioned that the narration has been reported by Ahmad 
and Abu Ya'la in brief, as well as Bazzaar and Tabraani in his Awsat with a reliable chain of 
narrators. 

(2) Ahmad (Vol. 4 Pg. 1 12) as mentioned by Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 4 Pg. 158) 



THE UVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&8&$> (Vol-1) 89 

then said to him, "These teachings from Allaah are indeed very fine. I make you a 
witness that I have accepted Imaan and that I accept you as a true Nabi. May I 
now stay with you if you decide that this is appropriate." He replied, "As you can 
see, the people regard this Deen which I have brought as something very evil. 
Therefore, you should return home and when you hear that I have reached the 
place of my Hijrah, then you may come to me."* 1 ' 

Rasulullaah i$i invited Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Sa'eed bin Al Aas ?§$%&?> to Islaam 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed bin Al Aas W^&9 was one of the first people to 
accept Islaam. He was of the first of his brothers to accept Islaam. His path to 
Islaam started with a dream that he saw. In his dream he saw himself standing 
on the edge of a blazing fire. He mentioned that the fire was so large that only 
Allaah knows its vastness. In this dream, he saw his father pushing him into the 
fire while Rasulullaah jJSII was holding him by the waist so that he should not 
fall in. This scene frightened him so much that he woke up with the shock. When 
he awakened, he said to himself, "This is definitely a true dream." 
Thereafter, he met Hadhrat Abu Bakr *SJ)2®e> and related the dream to him. 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr JUGS®® said to him, "Good is in store for you. He (Rasulullaah 
Ui$l) is the Nabi of Allaah so do follow him. (The interpretation of your dream is) 
You will follow him and enter into Islaam with him. Thereafter this Islaam will 
save you from entering the fire of the Jahannam where your father is at the 
moment." 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed *£J!«@» then met Rasulullaah Wife in the Ajyaad 
district and said to him, "O Muhammad W$Z\ To what do you call me?" He 
replied, "I call you to the One Allaah who has no partner and to believe that 
Muhammad is His servant and Rasul. I call you to renounce your worship of 
stones that cannot hear, cannot cause harm, they cannot be of benefit to you for 
they do not even know those who worship them from those who do not worship 
them!" Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed ii3!3®*; said, "I testify that there is none 
worthy of worship besides Allaah and I testify that you are the Rasul of Allaah." 
Rasulullaah &&£ was extremely happy when Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed WH2<&& 
accepted Islaam. 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed 51313®* then stayed away from his home. When his 
father discovered that he had accepted Islaam, he sent someone to look for him. 
When the person brought him before his father, his father rebuked him a very 
harshly and started beating him with the whip he had in his hand. He beat 
Hadhrat Khaalid JiJI3@*> so severely that the whip broke as it struck his head. 
His father then said, "By Allaah! I shall not give you anything to eat!" To this 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed JSD^Sfe' said, "If you do not give me anything to eat, 
then Allaah shall definitely provide for me and I will pass my life." He then left 



(1) Ahmad (Vol. 4 Pg. 1 1 1) as well as Muslim, Tabraani, Abu Nu'aym (as mentioned in Isaabah), ibn 
Abdil Birr in Isti'aab (Vol. 2 Pg. 500) and Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'ilun Nabuwwah (Pg. 86). 



90 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jSc5fta(4ffl^> (Vol-1) 



and went to Rasulullaah («£». Thereafter he constantly remained in the company 
ofRasulullaahi^i. (1) 

According to another narration his father sent their slave Raafi to look for him 
along with Hadhrat Khaalid Jg3®@»»'s other brothers who had not yet accepted 
Islaam. When they found him, they brought him to his father Abu Uhayha. His 
father started rebuking him and beating him with a whip that he carried in his 
hand. He beat him so severely that the whip broke on his head. His father then 
said, "Do you follow Muhammad when he opposes his people and finds faults 
with their gods and their forefathers who have passed away?" 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed J&B23859 said to his father, "By Allaah! He's speaking 
the truth and I follow him." Thereupon his father became very angry in started 
swearing and saying, "You despicable person! Go whenever you please. I swear 
by Allaah that I shall stop feeding you." In reply, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed 
issS^SS® said, "If you stop feeding me and then Allaah shall grant me enough 
sustenance with which to live." his father chased him out of the house and said 
to all his other sons that they will receive the same treatment if they ever spoke 
to Hadhrat Khaalid JsS3!@«. Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed W&!&?> then left his 
father and was the constant companion of Rasulullaah $^§1. ^ 
According to another report, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed {gSSffiS© hid from his 
father in the gullies of Makkah and when the second group of Sahabah $&&&& 
migrated to Abyssinia, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed JIBS®* accompanied them.* 3 * 
When his father Sa'eed bin Al Aas bin Umayyah fell ill, he said, "If Allaah removes 
this illness from me, the god of Ibn Abil Kabsha (Rasulullaah &^) will never be 
worshipped in the valley of Makkah." To this, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed 3U)2@»ei 
said, "o Allaah! Do not remove the illness from him." Subsequently, he died 
with that illness. (4) 

Rasulullaah &j£ Invites Hadhrat Dimaad 
m&m to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas S3!S®« narrates that Hadhrat Dimaad &&&$ 
was a man from the Azdishanu'ah tribe who used to cure insane people and 
people affected with evil spirits using some words that he recited. He had 

heard some foolish people of Makkah saying that Muhammad was an insane 
man. He said to them, "where is this man? Perhaps Allaah will cure him at my 
hand." When he met Rasulullaah he said, "I recite certain words by which I cure 
people, indeed Allaah has cured at my hand those people whom He wished to 
cure. Come let me cure you as well." Rasulullaah W®£ thrice repeated the 
following sermon: "Verily all praise is for Allaah. We praise Him and seek help 
from Him. There can be none to misguide the person whom Allaah has guided 
and there can been none to guide the person whom Allaah has caused to go 

(1) Bayhaqi, as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 32). 

(2) Haakim in his Mustadrak (Vol. 3 Pg. 248) and Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 4 Pg. 94). 

(3) isti'aab (Vol. 1 Pg. 401) 

(4) Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 4 Pg. 95) 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH *$&$$$&> (Vol-D 91 

astray. I testify that there is none worthy of worship besides the One Allaah Who 
has no partner." 

Hadhrat Dimaad j£})3j@gS said, "By Allaah! I have heard of the words of 
fortune-tellers, the words of magicians and the words of poets. However, I have 
never heard such words before. Give me your hand so that I may pledge 
allegiance to you on Islaam." Rasulullaah {JJSSI then accepted his pledge of 
allegiance and said to him, "Is this pledge on behalf of your people as well?" 
Hadhrat Dimaad ©13®?) replied, "''It is for my people as well." 
It once occurred that some Muslim soldiers were passing the the tribe of Hadhrat 
Dimaad 3SP©$.vTne leader of the soldiers asked them, "Did any of you take 
something from, these people?"" One soldier replied, "Yes, I have their water jug 
with me." To this;VtW leader, replied, "Then return it to them because these are 
the people QrHa<^hral ; pimaad©.l«@«." 

According to- another naVration, Hadhrat Dimaad 38il3®s9 said to Rasulullaah 
0®$!, "Repeat those words. %> me because they reach the depths of the ocean of 
eloquence." *'' ..' ; - 

Abdur Rahmaan Adawi reports that Hadhrat Dimaad W&®& said, "I went to 
Makkah to perform Umrah and was sitting in a gathering together with Abu 
jahal, Utba bin Rabee'ah and Umayyah bin Khalaf. Abu Jahal said, "This man has 
disunited us. He makes us look foolish and claims that those of us who have 
passed away were misguided. He also insults our gods." Umayyah said, "There is 
no doubt that this man is. certainly mad." 

Hadhrat Dimaad &&S&& says that he said to himself, "But I am able to cure 
people affected with evil spirits." He then left the gathering and started looking 
for Rasulullaah &j$sll. However, after searching the entire day he was unable to 
find Rasulullaah 8SSi anywhere. The following day he again set out to search for 
Rasulullaah (SSHi and finally found him performing salaah behind the Maqaam 
Ibraheem. Hadhrat Dimaad ©!*$$!« says that he then sat down. When Rasulullaah 
had completed the salaah, Hadhrat Dimaad 3£J!3s@«i said to him, "O son of Abdul 
Muttalib!" Rasulullaah &$t turned to him and replied, "What do you want?" 
Hadhrat Dimaad S!S@»» replied, "I am able to cure people affected by evil spirits. 
If you wish, I can cure you as well. Do not think that your illness is of great 
concern because I have cured people who were even more ill than you are. I have 
just come from some of your people who have nothing good to say about you. 
They say that you are insane, that you have caused disunity amongst them and 
that you refer to their forefather's as being misguided. They also say that you 
insult their gods. I have therefore come to the conclusion that only an insane 
person would do such things." 

Rasulullaah {HSI then said the following: "Verily all praise is for Allaah. I praise 
Him and seek help from Him. I believe in Him and have complete trust in Him. 
There can be none to misguide the person whom Allaah has guided and there 



(1) Muslims and Bayhaqi as quoted in AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 36). The report is also 
narrated by Nasa'ee, Baghawi and Musaddad in his Musnad, as quoted in Isaabah. 



92 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B!Sj@?g> (Vol-1) 

can been none to guide the person whom Allaah has caused to go astray. I 
testify that there is none worthy of worship besides the One Allaah Who has 
no partner. I testify that Muhammad is the servant of Allaah and His Rasul." 
Hadhrat Dimaad %&&&?> says that he had never heard such words from anyone 
before. He then requested Rasulullaah &&£ to repeat the words, which 
Rasulullaah (JslSii repeated twice thereafter. Hadhrat Dimaad Wi%$&?> continues 
the story by saying, "I asked, 'To what are you calling people?'" Rasulullaah 
replied, "I call people to believe in One Allaah Who has no partner. I absolve 
myself from worshipping idols and I testify that I am the Rasul of Allaah. "What 
shall 1 receive if I also do the same?" asked Hadhrat Dimaad Hs$SR&9. Rasulullaah 
%!$$£ said, 'You shall receive Jannah. Hadhrat Dimaad S5®@« exclaimed, "I testify 
that there is none worthy of worship besides the one Allaah Who has no partner. 
I remove the idols from my neck and express that I have absolved myself from 
them. I also testify that you •are certainly the servant and Rasul of Allaah." 
Hadhrat Dimaad S5t^®» says further, "I started living with Rasulullaah S^i until 
I had learnt many Surahs of the Qur'aan. Thereafter I returned to my people. 
Abdullaah bin Abdir Rahmaan Adawi says that Rasulullaah W$fe once dispatched 
an army under the command of Hadhrat Ali W0Z8&&. The army got some camels 
from a certain place and were taking them along as they went. When Hadhrat Ali 
SK3®£ found out that the camels were taken from the people of Hadhrat Dimaad 
S3)2®s>, he commanded that the camels be returned. 

Rasulullaah (£Hi Invites Hadhrat Husayn ©&^?> to 
Islaam, who was the Father of Hadhrat Imraan bin 

Husayn m$m> 

The Quraysh highly respected Hadhrat Husayn JiSS®*. One day some members 
of the Quraysh approached Hadhrat Husayn SSSsJaSg and said to him, "Go to this 
person (Rasulullaah W^) and speak to him on our behalf because he insults our 
gods." Consequently, these members of the Quraysh proceeded with Hadhrat 
Husayn W&8&& until they reached the door of Rasulullaah {J^i's house. When 
Hadhrat Husayn W&®% sat near the door, Rasulullaah {jf$l£ said to the many 
people who had already gathered there, "Make way for the respected elder." 
Amongst those present was the son of Hadhrat Husayn W&8&& whose name was 
Imraan 3sS3®#. Hadhrat Husayn SPSS!* said, "What is happening here? The news 
has reached me that you insult our gods whereas your father was a devout and 
excellent man." 

Rasulullaah Wife replied, "O Husayn! My father and your father are both in 
jahannam (1) ' O Husayn! Tell me how many gods you worship?" Hadhrat Husayn 



(1) Although this narration states that Rasulullaah {JjiSg's father is in Jahannam, other narrations 
make it clear that both his parents are in Jannah because both of them totally abstained from 
Shirk and followed the religion of Hadhrat lbraheem #§&£. According to the research of Haafldh 
Suyuti as mentioned in his articles, both the parents of Rasulullaah &S85S were brought back to life 
and they both accepted Imaan. The narration mentioned above recounts an incident which took 
place some time before this. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WHffi&S» (Vol-D 93 

%$$&?> replied, "I have seven gods on earth and one in the sky." Rasulullaah (SSi- 
further asked him, "Which god do you call for when you are in difficulty?" 
Hadhrat Husayn igXSS&o replied, "I then call the one in the sky." Rasulullaah gl^ 
said, "Who do you call when your wealth gets destroyed?" He replied, "The one in 
the sky." Rasulullaah >&8& said, "It is strange that only this one God comes to 
your assistance yet you associate the others as partners to him! Do you have 
permission from the gods in the sky to associate.the others as His partners? Or 
are you afraid of these other gods thinking that they will harm you if you do not 
associate them as partners?" Hadhrat Husayn JgJSas®© replied, "Neither of these 
two statements is correct." Hadhrat Husayn W&8&9 says, "It then occurred to me 
that I had never spoken to such a great personality before this." Rasulullaah WtOO- 
said further, "O Husayn! Become a Muslim and you will live in peace." Hadhrat 
Husayn JfeOSgagi responded by saying, "What about my people and my family? 
(What would they say if I accept Islaam?) What am I to do now?" 
Rasulullaah (JS^I advised him to recite the following du'aa: 
"O Allaah! I seek your guidance towards that which is more correct and increase 
me in knowledge that will benefit me." 

Hadhrat Husayn recited this du'aa and was a Muslim before he stood up from the 
gathering. At that instant, his son Hadhrat Imraan S3!2®?S immediately stood 
up and began kissing the head, hands and feet of his father. Rasulullaah &§ 
began weeping when he saw this and said, "I am weeping because I was touched 
by what Imraan has done. He did not stand for his father nor pay any attention to 
him when he entered as a Kaafir. However, he fulfilled the right of his father once 
his father entered the fold of Islaam." 

When Hadhrat Husayn JUGaSSs stood up to leave, Rasulullaah &$* said to the 
others, "Stand up and take him home." As soon as Hadhrat Husayn JSU@@« emerged 
from the doorway, the people of the Quraysh (who had been waiting there for 
him) saw him and said, "He has forsaken his religion." They then left him and 
dispersed. '^ 

Rasulullaah &Hi Invites an Unnamed 
man to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abu Tameema Hujaymi S3!S@» narrates from a man of his tribe that he 
once came to meet Rasulullaah (SUSS!. It could have been such that Hadhrat Abu 
Tameema &&&t> was present there when the man came to Rasulullaah W&£. 
The man said, "Are you the Nabi of Allaah?" 'Yes," replied Rasulullaah *&$£. 
"Whom do you pray to?" he asked. "I pray to the One Allaah Who is Most 
Honoured and Most High. He is the One Who removes your difficulty when you 
call to Him. It is He Who causes your crops to grow when you call to Him to 
remove your drought. It is He Who responds to your prayer when you call Him at 
the time when you are lost in a rocky land without transport." The man accepted 
Islaam immediately and then asked for advice. Rasulullaah <2i$f said, "Do not 

(1) Ibn Khuzayma as quoted in Isaabah (Vol. 1 Pg. 337). 



94 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B&Q&g> (Vol-D 

swear anything' 1 '" When relating this to people, the man said that since 
Rasulullaah W^ gave him the piece of advice, he has not even sworn a goat. * 2 ' 

Rasulullaah (icp Invites Hadhrat Mu'aawiya bin 
Haydah to Islaam 

Hadhrat Mu'aawiya bin Haydah JSD^a* narrates that he once came to 
Rasulullaah (SSSI and said, "O Rasulullaah %!$$•] I have not come to you before 
this because I have sworn more times than my fingertips can count that I shall 
never come to you and never accept your religion." He placed his hands on top of 
each other as he said this to show the number of his fingertips. (However, Allaah 
has now sent me to you) So here I am with no knowledge of that which Allaah 
has given you save very little. I ask you in the name of Allaah's great countenance 
to tell me what Allaah has sent you with." Rasulullaah $$$£ replied, "Allaah has 
sent me with the Deen of Islaam." 

"What is Islaam?" was his next question. Rasulullaah <^§ said, "Islaam is to say 
that you surrender yourself over to Allaah and renounce all others (other gods), it 
also entails that you establish salaah and pay Zakaah. Every Muslim deserves 
respect and every two Muslims are brothers to each other and help one another. 
When a Mushrik accepts Islaam, his deeds will be accepted from him only when 
he separates himself from the other Mushrikeen. Why should I be grabbing hold 
of your waists to save you from Jahannam? Listen! My Rabb shall call me (on the 
Day of Qiyaamah) and ask me, 'Did you convey the message (of Islaam) to my 
servants?' I shall- then be able to say, 'O my Rabb! I have certainly conveyed it.' 
Understand this well! Those present here must convey the message to those 
who are absent. Behold! You will then be called forward (on the day of 
Qiyaamah) with your mouths sealed. The first thing to speak will be a person's 
thigh followed by his hands." 

Hadhrat Mu'aawiya bin Haydah S)S®« then asked, "O Rasulullaah >&$?} Is this 
our Deen?" Rasulullaah {J83i? replied, "This is our Deen. Wherever you may 
practise on it properly, it will suffice for you." (3) 



Rasulullaah £» Invites Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim 

W&M& to Islaam 

Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim JS3)a®« narrates, "When I heard about the coming of 
Rasulullaah £§$f, I disliked this very greatly. So I left and found myself close to 
Rome (according to another narration he said, "So I left and went to the Caesar"). 
However, I disliked this place more than I disliked the coming of Rasulullaah 
®$i. I then said to myself, 'By Allaah! Why do I not rather meet this person. If he 
is a liar, it will not harm me in the least. On the other hand, if he is speaking the 

(1) One of the narrators called Hakam was unsure whether Rasulullaah WHOi said "anything" or 
"anyone". The meaning does not change either way. 

(2) Ahmad. Haythami (Vol. 8 Pg. 72) has mentioned that one of the narrators called Hakam bin 
Fudhayl is regarded as a weak narrator by Abu Zur'ah and other scholars although Abu Dawood 
and others regard him as a reliable narrator. The other narrators are all reliable. 

(3) Ibn Abdil Birr in Isti'aab (Vol. 1 Pg. 323). 



TH E LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&!&& (Vol-1) 95 

truth, I would know it.'" 

Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim $gjli3@9 continues the story and says, "So I came to 
Rasulullaah $$£&. When I arrived, the people started shouting, 'Adi bin Haatim! 
Adi bin Haatim!' When I came before Rasulullaah @I33£, he said to me, 'O Adi bin 
Haatim! Accept Islaam and stay in peace.' He repeated this three times. I said to 
him, 'But I already follow a Deen." He replied, 'I know more about your Deen than 
you do.'" 

Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim %$%&z> says further, "I said, 'You know more about my 
Deen than I do?' He replied, Yes. Are you not. from the Rakoosiyya sect and have 
taken a quarter of your people's booty. I said, 'True.' He then continued, 'This is 
not permissible for you according to your religion.' I admitted, 'Yes, it certainly is 
not permissible.' After hearing this, I was humbled before him." 
Rasulullaah 00$$% then added, "Listen. I am also well aware of the thing that 
prevents you from accepting islaam. You say that only simple people who have 
no influence follow him; people whom the Arabs have cast out. Do you know the 
place Heera?" Hadhrat Adi 5S8S@gi replied, "Though I have never seen the place. I 
have certainly heard about it." Rasulullaah W8& then said, "I swear by the Being 
Who controls my life! Allaah shall bring this (propagation of Islaam) to such 
completion (and the land will be so safe) that a veiled woman shall leave from 
Heera all alone and perform Tawaaf of the Kabah without the need of having 
someone accompany her. Without doubt, the treasures of Kisra bin Hurmuz shall 
also be conquered." In astonishment, Hadhrat Adi W&H&& said, "The treasures of 
Kisra bin Hurmuz?" "Yes," replied Rasulullaah (H^i, "The treasures of Kisra bin 
Hurmuz. In addition to this, wealth will be so freely spent that there will be none 
to take it." 

After narrating the story, Hadhrat Adi J&S&iasi said, "There is the woman from 
Heera performing Tawaaf without anyone to accompany her and I was among 
those who conquered the treasures of Kisra. I swear by the Being in whose 
control is my life, the third prophesy shall also come true because Rasulullaah 
Msaidit." (1) 

Hadhrat Adi bin Haatim JUSSsfiii narrates that he and some others were at a place 
called Aqrab when a group of horsemen sent by Rasulullaah {)§!§§ arrived there. 
They captured some people along with Hadhrat Adi t's aunt, when they were 
brought before Rasulullaah W$£ and lined up before him, his aunt said, "O 
Rasulullaah &$lt\ My breadwinner has gone missing, my children are no more 
and I am just an old woman who cannot be of any service. Be kind to me and 
Allaah will be kind to you." "Who is your breadwinner?" Rasulullaah ^if asked. 
"Adi bin Haatim" was the reply. Rasulullaah £!$££ said, "The one who escaped 
from Allaah and' His Rasool *£$%." 

Rasulullaah {JiH showed kindness to her (by letting her go) and as she- left, a 
man who had been with Rasulullaah {£jj3$£ (whom they believe was Hadhrat Ali 



(1) Ahmad as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 5 Pg. 66). Baghawi has also narrated the report 
as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol. 2 Pg. 468). 



96 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH 8SS$Mgg> (yd-p 

H®&g&i>) said to her, "Why do you not ask Rasulullaah &$! for transport?" When 
she asked for transport, Rasulullaah &@£ ordered and had it arranged for her. 
Hadhrat Adi ©IS^ continues the story. He says, "When my aunt came back, she 
said to me, 'Your father would have never done what you did (deserting me like 
that).' Whether you like it or not, you will have to go to him (Rasulullaah (J^i).' 
She then recounted the incidents of many people who had been to meet 
Rasulullaah W^ and enjoyed a favourable reception. I then proceeded to meet 
Rasulullaah 8S8SSL" 

"When I came to Rasulullaah &§, I saw a woman and one or two children 
sitting with him. (Hadhrat Adi Wffi$&£ also mentioned how close they set to 
Rasulullaah {JSSi). I gathered from this that he was neither like the king Kisra nor 
like the Caesar (but much more approachable). He said to me, 'O Adi bin Haatim! 
What made you run away? Did the thought of saying that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah make you run away? Js anyone worthy of worship but Allaah? 
What made you run away? Did the thought of saying Allaah is the Greatest make 
you run away? Is there anything greater than Allaah the Most High the Most 
Exalted?' I then accepted Islaam and I saw the face of Rasulullaah W$£ light up 
with happiness and he said, 'Indeed those with whom Allaah is angry are the 
Jews and those who are astray are the Christians^.'" 

Hadhrat Adi WHs^i continues, "Some people then began asking Rasulullaah 
W&& for things (and because he had nothing with him, Rasulullaah 'gf&i started 
encouraging the Sahabah &ffii&9 to assist these people). Rasulullaah (j$$i then 
praised Allaah and said to the people, 'O people! Spend from that wealth which is 
extra even though it may be one Saa or even less than that; whether it may be a 
handful or even less than that (one of the narrators by the name of Shu'ba says 
that as far as he can remember, Rasulullaah W8& also added, "Whether it may be 
a single date or even apiece of a date). Everyone of you shall stand before Allaah 
(on the Day of Qiyaamah) and Allaah shall ask him exactly as I am telling you 
now. Allaah shall say, 'Did I not bless you with the faculties of hearing and 
seeing? Did I not give you wealth and children? What have you sent ahead from 
this? A person will then look in front of him and look behind him. He will look to 
his right and look to his left but he will find nothing there. He shall have nothing 
to save him from the fire of Jahannam besides the countenance of Allaah. 
Therefore, save yourselves from the fire of Jahannam even though it be with a 
piece of the date (that you give as charity). If you do not even have this much, 
then do so by speaking a kind word (to a beggar). Verily I do not fear poverty 
overcoming you for Allaah shall certainly assist you and shall certainly bestow 
his bounties upon you (according to another narration he said, "Allaah shall 
certainly grant you many conquests") until the time comes when a veiled woman 
shall travel between Heera and Madinah or even a greater distance without the 
fear of being robbed while sitting in her carriage." ^ 

(1) Referring to the closing verse of Surah Faatiha. 

(2) Ahmad. Tirmidhi has also narrated the Hadith and classified it as "Hasan, Ghareeb" without 
knowing whether it is narrated by anyone besides Sammaak. Bayhaqi has narrated a part of the 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $§8-Sb!»S> (Vol-1) 97 

Rasulullaah (H^i Invites Dhi Jowshin Dhababi 
^a®g) to Islaam 

Hadhrat Dhi Jowshin Dhababi 5SU3s@*s> narrates, "I came to Rasulullaah ®if after 
the Battle of Badr and brought with him the foal of my horse Qar'haa. I said to 
Rasulullaah W$&, 'O Muhammad! I have brought for me the foal of my horse 
Qar'haa so that you may use it for yourself.' Rasulullaah &il§? replied, 'I have no 
need for it. However, if you wish to exchange it for a suit of armour from the 
Battle of Badr, you could have any suit you choose.' I replied, 'I am not prepared 
to exchange this pedigreed horse today.' Rasulullaah &$$& said, 'I have no need 
for it. O Dhi Jowshin! Will you not accept Islaam to become among the first to 
accept Islaam?' When I replied in the negative, Rasulullaah &S$§ asked, *Why not?' 
I said, 'Because I see that your people are upset with you.' He asked me, 'How did 
you receive the news of the defeat (of the Mushrikeen) at Badr?'" 
"I said, 'All the news has reached me.' He said, "We will have to give you guidance 
(to Islaam).' 'On condition that you take control of the Kabah and start living 
there,' I responded. Rasulullaah W0& said, 'If you are alive then, you shall 
certainly see it.'" 

Rasulullaah &tU§ then said to Hadhrat Bilaal W&@&, "O Bilaal! Take the man's 
satchel and fill it with Ajwa dates as a provision for his journey." As Hadhrat Dhi 
Jowshin &&82>s> was leaving, Rasulullaah W®£ said to the Sahabah W$8&b, "He 
is among the finest horsemen of the Banu Aamir tribe." 

Hadhrat Dhi Jowshin W38&0 continues the story when he said, "By Allaah! I was 
with my family in a place called Ghowr when a rider arrived. I asked him, 'What 
have people been doing?' He replied, 'By Allaah! Muhammad has taken control of 
the Kabah and is living there.' When I heard this, I said to myself, 'If only my 
mother had lost me as a child. If only I had accepted Islaam that day. If I had 
even asked Rasulullaah SJi8i§ for the district of Heera then, he would have 
allotted it to me.'" 

According to another narration, Rasulullaah $8$% asked him, "What prevents you 
from Islaam?" He replied, "I see that your people belie you, have exiled you (from 
Makkah) and are now at war with you. I shall now watch developments. If you 
get the upper hand over your people, I shall accept Imaan and follow you. 
However, if they get the upper hand over you, I shall not be following you." (i) 

Rasulullaah W$£ Invites Hadhrat Basheer bin 
Khasaasiyyah to Islaam 

Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyah W$8&> narrates that Rasulullaah &0t invited 
him to accept Islaam on one occasion. (After he accepted Islaam,) Rasulullaah 
H asked him, "What is your name?" When he replied that his name was 



end of the Hadith and Bukhari has also narrated it briefly as quoted in AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya 
(Vol. 5 Pg. 65). 
(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg. 162) has commented on the Hadith. Abu Dawood has also narrated 
a part of it. 



£8 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&)%$$}§> (Vol-1) 

Nadheer, Rasulullaah &0- said, "(From today) Your name shall be Basheer." 
Rasulullaah ^M then made him stay on the platform (within the Masjid) called 
Suffa (where the poor homeless Muslims stayed). It was the practice of 
Rasulullaah $$$• to share all the gifts he received with the men on Suffa and to 
give them all the Sadaqah he received. 

One night Rasulullaah ®§f left his home and Hadhrat Basheer }|3@©e> followed 
him. Rasulullaah W$t went to the graveyard (called Baqee) and said, 
"Peace be on you, O home of the Mu'mineen! We shall soon be joining you for we 
all belong to Allaah and shall return to Him. You people have certainly met with 
extreme good and have been saved from immense evil." 

Rasulullaah <$$& then turned to Hadhrat Basheer ©!£§©& and asked, "Who is 
there?" When Hadhrat Basheer JSBSsS^ gave his name, Rasulullaah &|$i said, 
Does it not please you that Allaah has diverted your hearing, your heart and your 
sight to- Islaam whereas you had been from among the Rabee'ah tribe who breed 
fine horses and who claim that the earth would be turned upside down had it not 
been for them?" Hadhrat Basheer W&®!% replied, "Indeed, O Rasulullaah WUlF 
Rasulullaah (S^i then asked him, "What brings you here?" Hadhrat Basheer 
SS®S!« replied, "(I followed you here because)- 1 was afraid that no calamity 
should befall you or that some creature should not harm you." (1 > 



Rasulullaah W&£ Invites an Unnamed Person to 

Islaam 

A person from the Baladawiyyah tribe narrates the following from his 
grandfather: "As I was coming to Madinah, I pitched my tent in a valley where I 
saw two persons trading. The buyer was saying to the seller, 'Make me a good 
deal on this purchase.' I said to myself, 'Could this not be the Haashimy who is . 
misleading his people?' As I watched them, another man approached. He was 
extremely handsome with a broad forehead, slender nose, fine eyebrows and a 
black line of hair running from his chest to his navel. He was wearing two old 
sheets of cloth." 

"He greeted us with 'As Salaamu Alaykum' and we all replied to his greeting. He 
has just arrived when the buyer said, 'O Rasulullaah ®H! Tell this seller to make 
a good deal with me.' To this, Rasulullaah &$• raised his hands and said, You 
people are the owners of your goods. All I want is to meet Allaah on the Day of 
Qiyaamah without any of you claiming from me any wealth, any blood or any 
honour that I may have wrongfully taken from you. Allaah showers His mercy on 
a person who is lenient when he sells, lenient when he buys, lenient when he 
takes, lenient when he gives, lenient when he pays his debts and lenient when 
he asks for payment.' After saying this, Rasulullaah isSHI left." 
"I said to myself, 'By Allaah! I must certainly have to find out about this man 



(1) Ibn Asaakir, Tabraani and Bayhaqi who also quote the following words of Rasulullaah (i®, "O 
Basheer! Will you not praise Allaah who brought you to Islaam from among a nation who claim 
that had it not been for their presence, the earth would be turned upside down with all its 
inhabitants." 



p^ 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$$& (Vol-1) 99 

because his words are excellent.' I therefore followed him and shouted, 'O 
Muhammad!' Me turned around to face me and said, "What is it?' I asked, 'Are you 
the person who has misled your people, destroyed them and stopped them 
from worshipping what their. forefathers worshipped?' He replied, 'That is 
Allaah.' I asked, 'To what are calling people?' 'I am calling the servants of Allaah 
to Allaah,' he responded. "What >have you to say?' I asked further. He said, 'That 
you should testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah, that 
Muhammad is the Rasul of Allaah, that you believe in everything revealed to me, 
that you renounce Laat and Uzza and that you establish salaah and pay Zakaah.' 
•What is Zakaah?' I asked. "Wealth that our rich give to our poor,' came the reply. I 
responded by saying, 'These are excellent things you are calling towards.'" 
"Prior to this, there was no one on earth whom I hated more than Rasulullaah 
<$$&■ However, it was not long that he became more beloved to me than even my 
children, my parents and all of mankind. I then said to him, 'I have understood.' 
You have understood?' he asked. *Yes,' I replied. He asked, 'Do you testify that 
there is none worthy of worship but Allaah, that I Muhammad am the Rasul of 
Allaah and do you believe in everything revealed to me?' 'Yes, O Rasulullaah 
Oi^i,' I replied. I then asked him, 'There is an oasis where many people are 
settled. May I invite them towards that which you have invited me? I feel that 
they will want to follow you.' He replied, *Yes, you may invite them.'" 
Consequently, all the men and women of the oasis accepted Islaam and (in 
appreciation and happiness) Rasulullaah W®$ stroked the head of this Sahabi 
*mm%. (,) 

Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik Wi%&6 narrates that Rasulullaah W0& was once visiting 
a man from the Banu Najjaar tribe when he said to the man, "O uncle. Say 'Laa 
Ilaaha Illalaah'." The man asked, "Am I your maternal uncle or paternal uncle?" 
Rasulullaah {S$i replied, "You are my maternal uncle. Please say 'Laa Ilaaha 
Illalaah'." "Will this be good for me," the man asked. "Certainly," replied 
Rasulullaah tfgg. (2) 

Hadhrat Anas iSJ)3<@# narrates that Rasulullaah &$% once visited a Jewish boy 
who used to serve him but had fallen ill. Sitting by his head, Rasulullaah $&&£ 
said to the boy, "Accept Islaam." The boy looked at his father who was also there. 
The father said, "Obey Abul Qaasim (Rasulullaah (SiP)." The boy accepted Islaam. 
When Rasulullaah &§& left the house, he said, "All praise for Allaah Who has 
used me to save him from Jahannam." (3) 

Hadhrat Anas W&^» has also narrated that Rasulullaah &®t once said to a 
person, "Accept Islaam and you will remain in peace." The person said, "But I 
dislike it." Rasulullaah &g% said to him, "Even though you dislike it." (4) 



(1) Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol. 9 Pg. 18) says that although the narrators of the report are reliable, the 
identity of one of them is unknown. 

(2) Ahmad. Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg. 305) says that the narrators of the Hadith are all reliable. 

(3) Bukhari and Abu Dawood as quoted in Jam'ul Fawaa'id (Vol. 1 Pg. 124), 

(4) Ahmad and Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg. 305) says that the narrators of the Hadith are all 
reliable. 



100 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jggW<!5>g (Vol-1) 

Rasulullaah Q$!$? Invites Hadhrat Abu Quhaafa 
Wffl&j to Islaam 

Hadhrat Asma bint Abi Bakr B@3®s) reports that it was on that day that Muslims 
conquered Makkah when Rasulullaah $$£ said to Hadhrat Abu Quhaafa JDSs&Sa, 
"Accept Islaam and remain in peace." *'' 

Hadhrat Asma bint Abi Bakr SgliS®® also reports that when Rasulullaah £f8H entered 
Makkah and was peacefully sitting in the Masjidul Haraam, Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
iSSB^SS© brought his father Abu Quhaafa to him. When Rasulullaah W&z saw him, 
he said, "O Abu Bakr! Why did you not leave the respected man and take me to 
him instead?" Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5S8S@e) replied, "O Rasulullaah &8H-1 It is more 
fitting that he comes to you rather than you go to him." 

Rasulullaah &$• made the old man sit in front of him, placed his hand on the 
old man's heart and said, "O Abu Quhaafa! Accept Islaam and remain in peace." 
Consequently, he accepted Islaam and recited the testimony of Imaan (the 
Kalimah). When Hadhrat Abu Quhaafa W&3&9 was brought to Rasulullaah &$%, 
his hair and beard were as white as the 'Thughaama' plant. Rasulullaah Q$$jg 
advised him saying, "Change the colour of these hairs but stay away from 
black." (2) 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah &$* Gave to Individuals 
who did not Accept Islaam 

Rasulullaah fflffit Invites Abu Jahal to Islaam 

Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba &Si&s narrates that the first time he came to 
know who Rasulullaah i£j31? was when Rasulullaah (JSSI met him walking with 
Abu Jahal in one of the gullies of Makkah. Rasulullaah (gji£i said to Abu Jahal, "O 
Abul Hakam! Come to Allaah and His Rasool <8$8&. I am inviting you to Allaah." 
Abu Jahal replied, "O Muhammad! Will you not refrain from insulting our gods? 
Do you want us to testify that you have conveyed the message? We then testify 
that you have conveyed the message. I swear by Allaah that I would have 
certainly followed you if I knew that whatever you say is the truth." 
Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba SBaffiSs says that when Rasulullaah Wife had left 
them, Abu Jahal said to him, "By Allaah! I know for sure that whatever he says 
is the truth. However, there is only one thing that prevents me from accepting. 
(Rasulullaah &$• belongs to the Bani Qusay family and) When the Bani Qusay 
said, 'Keeping the keys to the Kabah is our duty,' we (the other families of the 
Quraysh) accepted. Thereafter when they said, 'Giving water to the people 
performing Hajj is our duty,' we again accepted. Thereafter when they said, 
'Chairing the public meetings is our duty,' we again accepted. Thereafter when 
they said, 'Holding the flag during times of war is our duty,' we again accepted. 
After that, they fed people and we also fed people until we were almost on par 
and then they say, 'We have a Nabi among us.' By Allaah! This I shall never 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg. 305) says that the narrators of the Hadith are all reliable. 

(2) ibn Sa'd (Vol. 5Pg. 451). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$& (Vol-1) 101 



accept." (,) 



Rasulullaah (Hi Invites Waleed bin 



Mughiera to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SJlSag) narrates that Rasulullaah &8J& once 
recited a part of the Qur'aan to Waleed bin Mughiera who had come to him. This 
caused Waleed's heart to soften. When Abu Jahal heard about this, he approached 
Waleed saying, "O uncle! Your people intend collecting money for you." "Why is 
this?" asked Waleed. "They want to give it to you because you have been to 
Muhammad to get something from him," was the reply. 

Waleed said, "But the Quraysh know well that I am among the wealthiest people 
(I do not need money from Muhammad)." "Then," said Abu Jahal, "you will have 
to tell them something to make them know that you have nothing to do with 
Muhammad." Waleed said, "What should I tell them? By Allaah! None of you 
knows as much about poetry as I do. None of you knows as much about rhyming 
as I do. None of you knows as much about songs as I do. None of you knows as 
much about the poetry of the Jinn as l do. By Allaah! What Muhammad says bears 
no resemblance to any of these things. By Allaah! What he said was extremely 
sweet, beautiful and attractive. What he said was a flourishing tree the top of 
which bears abundant fruit and the bottom of which is luxuriantly green. His 
words shall always be towering without being subdued. His speech crushes all 
other speech." 

Abu Jahal said to him, "Your people shall never be pleased with you until you say 
something against him." To this, Waleed said, "Give me time to think about it." 
After thinking awhile, Waleed said, "This is nothing but magic recounted from 
(fables of) the past." It was with reference to Waleed that Allaah revealed the 
following verses of the Qur'aan: 

Leave Me (to deal) with the one (Waleed) whom I have created 
single-handedly and to whom I have granted ever increasing wealth, 
sons who are present with him and for whom I have prepared every 
type of comfort. He then wishes that I grant him even more (in the 

(l) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 64). Ibn Abi Shayba has also narrated a 
similar report as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 7 Pg. 129). However, his report states that 
Rasulullaah QSM said to Abu Jahal, "O Abul Hakam! Come to Allaah, to His Rasool «3®£ and to His 
book. I am inviting you to Allaah." 



102 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&$$&& (Vol-D 

Aakhirah). Never (he shall never receive any good in the Aakhirah)! He 
was certainly opposed to Our Aayaat. I shall soon make him climb a 
mountain of jahannam. Verily, he thought and (finally he) devised 
something (he decided to announce that the Qur'aan was magic and 
that Rasulullaah {S^ was a magician). May he be destroyed! How does 
he plot? May he be destroyed again! How does he plot? He looked (at 
the.Mushrikeen waiting for his reply) and then frowned (to show dislike 
for the Qur'aan) and scowled. Then he turned away and was proud. He 
said, "This is nothing but magic recounted from (fables of) the past. 
This is nothing but the word of man." I shall soon enter him into 
Jahannam. {Surah Muddathir, verses 1 1-26} (1 * 

According to another narration, the verse that Rasulullaah W&£ recited for 

Waleed was: 

«. -.j^ ^ <0* 6£f3j jil3 &i E ^ij 

Verily Allaah instructs (people to carry out) justice, Ihsaan (do things 
well, as well as doing everything with the consciousness that Allaah is 
watching), and giving (charity) to relatives. And Allaah forbids immoral 
behaviour, evil and oppression. He advises you so that you may take 
heed (and thereby save ourselves from ruin and Jahannam). {Surah Nahl, 
verse 90 } (2) 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah &§ Gave to Pairs 



Rasulullaah {£$$& Invites Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 

m&m and Hind W^m to Islaam 

Hadhrat Mu'aawiya W&&6 narrates that he was a young boy riding his donkey 
while his father Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan W&S&& was riding another animal with his 
wife Hind sitting behind him. They were proceeding to Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 
Wffi®&'s farm when they heard the voice of Rasulullaah W®£. Addressing his son, 
Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan WS3&& said, "O Mu'aawiya! Dismount the donkey so that 
Muhammad may mount." When Rasulullaah (JSSi mounted the donkey, he rode 
ahead for a while and then turned to the family saying, "O Abu Sufyaan bin Harb! 
O Hind bint Utba! I swear by Allaah that you shall definitely die after which you 
shall certainly be resurrected. Thereafter, the good shall proceed to Jannah while 
the evil ones shall head for Jahannam. I am telling you the absolute truth and 
you two are among the very first to be warned (about Allaafc's punishment)." 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah $$$ recited the following verses of the Qur'aan: 



(1) Is'haaq bin Raahway as well as Bayhaqi. 

(2) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 60). Ibn Katheer in his Tafseer(\io\. 4 Pg. 443) also narrates the 
report from Hadhrat Ikrama ia3fis@«. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B!&$&!?g> (Vol-1) 103 

^.^aJ Lji^p Uly <u1 uJUa ilif !Q! j^yi cr* 9 ^' c£ Ji^ M ■>*"* 

ojju* Uj] j-»pu £>«*> lii^jj Lui^ f o?jj*j ty^ Jts **Jj ujpjj u» a-s'i 

**i*' J" I 6 ! ■ 1 "> , r t • I'ii'-tT''- ' s i' i"». m'i" i'.»' » ' i" i'». '.'" 
tlj* >.bi I*.j1 ^ L^lyl Lj^ jMj UgJ Jjbj Lgy ^ ^Ijj I^j Jjctj 

j( ip^t u^( jfij^Sj LjJ JLai ol>i ,j*j *L*-J' m^J i^- 1 ' >J V a*k^! 

HaaMeem. ^rA/5 Qur'aan is)h revelation from the Most Compassionate, 
the Most Merciful. A Book, the verses of which have been clearly 
explained as an Arabic Qur'aan, for a nation with knowledge. (It is) A 
carrier of good news (for the Mu'mineen) and a warner (for the 
Kuffaar). However, (instead of listening to the warnings) most of them 
turn away and do not listen. They (the Kuffaar) say (to theAmbiyaa and 
those who call them to Imaan), "Our hearts are veiled from what you 
call us towards (we do not understand you) and there are props in our 
ears. There is also a barrier between you and us, so do (as you please), 
•we shall do (as we please). "Say (to them, O Rasulullaah fcfflaHf), "(I 
cannot force you to accept because) I am just a human being like you. 
Revelation has been sent to me that your Ilaah is only One. So remain 
devoted to Him and seek forgiveness from Him. Destruction 
(Jahannam) be to the Mushrikeen who do not pay zakaah and who 
disbelieve in the Aakhirah. (On the other hand) There shall certainly be 
an everlasting reward (fannah) for those who have Imaan and who do 
righteous deeds." Say, "Do you people really disbelieve in, and ascribe 
partners to the Being Who created the earth in two days? It is He Who 
is the Rabb of the universe." And (in addition to all of this) Allaah has 
(also) placed mountains on the surface of the earth, blessed the earth, 
and stipulated the earth's provisions in four complete days; (this is 
sufficient as a reply) for those who question (you about the creation of 
the earth). Thereafter, Allaah turned (His attention) to the sky, which 
was smoke, and said to it, as well as to the earth, "Come to Us (submit 
to Us) willingly or unwillingly." Both replied, "We shall come willingly." 
{Surah HaaMeem Sajdah, verses 1-11} 



104 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$$&& (Vol-D 

Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan iiJjSsSSei then said, "Have you finished, O Muhammad?" 
Rasulullaah &0t replied, "Yes" and then dismounted the donkey. When Hadhrat 
Mu'aawiya W&X&& mounted it again, Hind turned to Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan *eS3s®si 
and said, "Did you make my son dismount for that magician?" Hadhrat Abu 
Sufyaan SilS®* replied, "I swear by Allaah that he is neither a magician nor a 
liar." (1) 

Rasulullaah t$$g Invites Hadhrat Talha 3gMg and 
Hadhrat Zubayr W$&*> to Islaam 

Hadhrat Yazeed bin Roomaan narrates that Hadhrat Uthmaan ©US®* and 
Hadhrat Talha ©USagi followed Hadhrat Zubayr 513.12®?) to Rasulullaah t&gjiit. 
When the two (Hadhrat Talha Js312®e> and Hadhrat Zubayr Ji3)2(®s>) came to 
Rasulullaah {Se$i, he presented Islaam to them, recited the Qur'aan to them, 
informed them about the rights of Islaam and promised them Allaah's 
munificence. Both of them accepted Islaam and acknowledged the message. 
Hadhrat Uthmaan *S5)tf!®& then said, "O Rasulullaah {SHi! I have just arrived from 
Shaam. When we were between Ma'aan and Zarqaa, we fell into a slumber and 
then heard a caller announcing, 'O you sleeping ones! Get up because Ahmad had 
appeared in Makkah. We then heard of you when we reached." Hadhrat Uthmaan 
Wix®&£ was among the first to accept Islaam even before Rasulullaah W& started 
coming to the house of Arqam. (2) 

Rasulullaah £$P Invites Hadhrat Ammaar *§§$%&& 
and Hadhrat Suhayb '<&&'$& to Islaam 

Hadhrat Amaar bin Yaasir J&RS3S85 narrates, "I met Suhayb bin Sanaan &g&& at 
the door of Arqam's house. I asked him, 'What are you doing here?' He asked me, 
■What are you doing here?' I replied, 'I want to meet Muhammad and hear what 
he has to say.' He then said, 'I have the same intention.' We entered the house 
and met Rasulullaah OSlHii. He presented Islaam to us and we both accepted. We 
then stayed there the entire day until the evening when we secretly left." 
Hadhrat Amaar bin Yaasir &&80J9 and Hadhrat Suhayb W&8&9 accepted Islaam 
after thirty odd people had already accepted. May Allaah be pleased with all of 
them. (3) 

Rasulullaah {£§P Invites Hadhrat Sa'd bin Zurarah 
mm& and Dhakwaan bin Abd Qais »»' to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Khubayb bin Abdir Rahmaan narrates that Hadhrat Sa'd bin Zurarah 
W0%&$ and Dhakwaan bin Abd Qais W&S&& came to Makkah to have Utba bin 



(1) Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 7 Pg. 94). Tabraani has also reported a similar narration. Hayhami (Vol. 6 Pg. 
20) says that although all the narrators are reliable, nothing is known about a narrator called 
Humayd bin Munhab. 

(2) Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 3 Pg. 55). 

(3) Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 3 Pg. 247) narrating from Abu Ubaydah bin Muhammad bin Ammaar. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j^gt^i^g (Vol-1) 105 

Rabee'ah settle a dispute. When they arrived and heard about Rasulullaah &j&$!, 
they both went to him. Rasulullaah (S^» presented Islaam to them, recited the 
Qur'aan to them and they both accepted Islaam without even getting close to 
Utba bin Rabee'ah. Hadhrat Sa'd bin Zurarah SSSSsgS and Dhakwaan bin Abd 
Qais Js3!3@>2> were therefore the first persons from Madinah to accept lslaam. (1) 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah ®H? Gave to Groups 

Leaders of the Quraysh Dispute the Da'wah 
Rasulullaah (i^i Gave them 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SS2®?> narrates that it was after sunset when 
several leaders of the Quraysh gathered behind the Kabah for a meeting. Among 
them were Utba and Shaybah the two sons of Rabee'ah, Abu Sufyaan bin Harb, 
someone from the Abdid Daar tribe, Abul Bakhtari from the Banu Asad tribe, 
Aswad bin Abdil Muttalib bin Asad, Zam'ah bin Al Aswad, Waleed bin Mughiera, 
Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, Abdullaah bin Abi Umayyah, Umayyah bin Khalaf, Aas bin 
Waa'il and Nabeeh and Munabbah the two sons of Hajjaaj from the Banu Sahm 
tribe. They decided to send someone to call Rasulullaah {^H to them in an effort 
to speak to him frankly and thrash out matters so that people would know that 
they had made every effort (to resolve matters). 

Consequently, the message reached Rasulullaah {^S that the leaders of his 
people have gathered to speak to him. Rasulullaah (£i§§ hurried to meet them 
thinking that they had changed their opinions about him (and were ready to 
accept Islaam) because he was always eager for their welfare, always desired that 
they be rightly guided and-always distressed by their errant ways. 
When Rasulullaah SUSSI sat with them, they said, "O Muhammad! We have sent 
for you so that people may know that we have done our best to persuade you. By 
Allaah! We know of no other Arab who has distressed his people as you have 
done. You have insulted our forefathers, blasphemed against our religion, made 
our luminaries seem foolish, abused our gods and disrupted our unity. In fact, 
you have done everything possible to spoil relations between us. If it is wealth 
that you want by propagating your message, we shall accumulate wealth to make 
you the wealthiest person amongst us. If it is honour that you want, we shall 
make you our leader. If it is kingship you aspire for, we shall make you our king. 
If you are doing this because you have been afflicted by evil spirits that have 
overwhelmed you, then we shall spend all our fortunes until you are cured or 
until we grow helpless in finding a cure for you." 

Rasulullaah && replied, "I aspire for none of the things you have mentioned. I 
have not brought to you what I have brought (the message of Islaam) in search of 
your wealth nor to attain honour or kingship. However, Allaah has sent me as a 
messenger to you. Allaah has revealed a book to me and commanded me that I 
convey glad tidings to you (should you accept Islaam) and warn you at the same 



(1) Ibn Sa'd (Vol. 3 Pg. 608) 



106 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &%&& (Vol-1) 

time. I have therefore conveyed to you the messages of my Rabb and I have given 
you sound advice. If you accept what I have brought to you, you shall be 
fortunate in this world as well as in the Aakhirah. On the other hand, should you 
reject this, I shall wait for the decision of Allaah when he decides matters 
between myself and you people." , 

After listening to him, the leaders of the Quraysh said, "O Muhammad! Since you 
would not accept any of our proposals, you know very well that there is no city 
more restricted than ours, no nation poorer than us and none who live lives 
more difficult than ours. Therefore, ask your Rabb who has sent you to move 
from us these mountains that have restricted us, to expand our city, to cause 
rivers to flow like the rivers of Shaam and Iraq. In addition to this, ask Him to 
bring back to life our forefathers who have passed away. Amongst these He 
should bring back to life Qusay bin Kilaab because he was a pious person. We 
shall then ask him whether you are truthful in your claim or not. If you fulfil all 
that we have asked you and if our forefathers verify what you say, then we shall 
believe you and acknowledge your status with Allaah. We shall then acknowledge 
that Allaah has sent you as a messenger as you claim. 

In response to this, Rasulullaah {S3Hi said, "I have not been sent for this reason. I 
have been sent to you people with that which Allaah has sent me for and I have 
already conveyed to you that which Allaah has serif me with. If you accept it, you 
shall meet good fortune in this world as well as in the next. On the other hand; 
should you reject this, I shall patiently await the command of Allaah when He 
decides matters between yourselves and me." 

The Mushrikeen4hen said, "If you do not wish to do this, then at least do this for 
yourself that you &sk your Rabb to send an angel to verify what you say and give 
answers on your behalf. You should also ask Him to grant you orchards, 
treasures and palaces of gold and silver by which you would become 
independent of the things we assume you are hankering after because you 
merely stand in the market places and earn a living just as we do. If you do 
this, we shall acknowledge your high standing in the sight of your Rabb. This you 
would do if you are really a Nabi as you claim." 

Rasulullaah said to them, "I shall not do this. I am not one to ask my Rabb for 
such things and I have not been sent to you for this reason. However, Allaah has 
sent me as a bearer of glad tidings and as a warner. If you accept what I say, you 
shall meet good fortune in this world as well as in the next. On the other hand, 
should you reject this, I shall patiently await the command of Allaah when He 
decides matters between yourselves and me." 

Then Mushrikeen then said, "In that case, cause the sky to fall on us as you claim 
your Rabb is able to do if He pleases. We shall never believe you unless you do 
this." Rasulullaah &$% said to them, "That is left to Allaah. If He wills, He would 
make it happen." They" said, "O Muhammad! Did your Rabb not know that we will 
be sitting with you and asking you for these things? Could he not have informed 
you earlier about the questions we will be asking and the replies you ought to be 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WX%!&S> (Vol-D 107 

giving? Could He not have told you what He would do with us if we refused to 
accept what you say? The news has reached us that you have learnt everything 
you say from a man in Yamama whose name is Rahmaan. By Allaah! We shall 
never believe in Rahmaan! O Muhammad! We have placed everything before you 
without leaving anything unsaid. By Allaah! We shall never leave you alone and 
will keep seeking vengeance for what he and you had done to us. Eventually, it 
will be us who will finish you off or you who will finish us off." 
Thereafter one of them said, "We worship the angels who are the daughters of 
Allaah." Another said, "We shall never believe you until you bring Allaah and the 
angels all before us." When they had said this, Rasulullaah ^BMg stood up and left 
them. His cousin by the name of Abdullaah bin Abi Umayyah bin Mughiera bin 
Abdillaah bin 'Umar bin Makhzoom (who was the son of Rasulullaah l &M's 
paternal aunt Aatika) also stood up with him and said, "O Muhammad! Your 
people presented to you what, they had to say but you refused to accept any of 
their proposals. Thereafter they asked you for some things they required by 
which they could recognise your high status in the sight of Allaah, but you 
refused to do even this. Eventually they asked you to hasten the punishment 
about which you had been warning them. I swear by Allaah and that I shall never 
believe in you until I see you set up a staircase leading to the heavens, climb it 
and return with an open scripture together with four angels who would testify 
that you are as you claim you are. By Allaah! I think that I would not even believe 
you after you do this." He then turned away from Rasulullaah OSS!, leaving 
Rasulullaah (J§5$l to return to his family in a state of sadness and dejection 
because not only was his desire for them to accept Islaam left unfulfilled, but 
because he noticed that they were drifting further from him. (1) 

Rasulullaah ®i invites Abil Haysim and some 
youths from the Banu Abdil Ash'hal to Islaam 

Mahmbod bin Labeed from the Banu Abdil Ash'hal tribe narrates^that Abul 
'Haysim Anas bin Raafi and some youths from the Banu Abdil Asb/hal tribe arrived 
in Makkah to conclude a treaty with the Quraysh on behalf of their tribe the 
Khazraj. Among these youths was Iyaas bin Mu'aadh. When Rasulullaah QsfflsJUt heard 
about their arrival, he approached them and said, "Do you desire something 
better than that which has brought you?" They replied, "What is it?" he said, "I am 
the Rasul of Allaah. Allaah has sent me to his servants to call thern to worship 
Him without ascribing any partners to Him. Allaah has also revealed a book to 
me. Rasulullaah ^^ then spoke to them about the beauty of islaam and recited 
a part of the Qur'aan to them. To this, Iyaas bin Mu'aadh who was still a young 
lad said to the people, "By Allaah! This is certainly better than that which has 
brought you here." 

Abul Haysim Anas bin Raafi threw a handful of pebbles into the face of Iyaas and 
said, "Ignore this. I swear by my life that we have come for some other purpose." 

(1) Ibn Jareer. Ibri Katheer in his Tafseer<yo\. 3 Pg. 62) and AlBidaaya Wan Nihaaya\<yol 3 Pg. 50). 



108 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&£ (Vol-D 

Iyaas remained silent and Rasulullaah &0t left them. The group later left for 
Madinah. 

This occurred during the period when the Aws and Khazraj tribes were fighting a 
prolonged battle called "Bu'aath". It was not long thereafter that Iyaas passed 
away. Hadhrat Mahmood bin Labeed narrates further that the people who were 
with Iyaas at the time of his death informed hirji that they heard Iyaas reciting 
the words "Laa Ilaaha Illalaah", "Allaahu Akbaif and "Subhaanallaah" until he 
died. There is no doubt about the fact that he died as a Muslim. He had accepted 
Islaam as soon as he received the invitation directly from Rasulullaah {££$££■ ^ 

The Da'wah Rasulullaah && gave to Large 

. Gatherings 

Rasulullaah @$| invites his close relatives to Islaam together with various 
tribes of the Quraysh upon the revelation of a verse 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas S3!iS$!»9 narrates that Rasulullaah W$£ climbed the 
hill of Marwah when the following Verse of the Qur'aan was revealed: 

(Y\t :»!j*A »j>- oj>-) \0 C^O^ 1 ^J^J&ty 

(O Rasulullaah ^^! First) Warn your closest relatives (about the 
punishment due to those who reject Irhaan). {Surah Shu'araa, verse 214} 
From the top of the hill, Rasulullaah <$$£ called out, "O the family of Fahr! to this 
call, the Quraysh arrived. Abu Lahab bin Abdul Muttalib said, "The Fahr tribe are 
present before you, so say your piece?" Rasulullaah && called, "O the family of 
Ghaalib!" So the Banu Mahaarib and Banu Haarith tribes, who were the 
descendants of Fahr returned. Then Rasulullaah li^Si called, "O the family of 
Luway bin Ghaalib!" So the Banu Taymul Adram tribe, who were the descendants 
of Ghaalib returned. Thereafter, Rasulullaah QOffliiit called, "O the family of Ka'b bin 
Luway!" So the Banu Aamir tribe, who were the descendants of. Luway returned. 
Then Rasulullaah &Ht called, "O the family of Murrah bin Ka'b!" So the Banu Adi 
bin Ka'b, the Banu Sahm and the Banu Jumah bin Amr bin Husays tribes, who 
were all the descendants of Ka'b bin Luway returned. 

Then Rasulullaah &§ii called, "O the family of Kilaab bin Murrah!" So the Banu 
Makhzoom bin Yaqzah and Banu Taym tribes, who were the descendants of 
Murrah returned. Then Rasulullaah &§ called, "O the family of Qusay!" So the 
Banu Zuhrah tribe, who were the descendants of Qusay returned. Then 
Rasulullaah &$% called, "O the family of Abd Manaaf!" So the Banu Abdud Daar, 
the Banu Asad bin Abdil Uzza and Banu Abd tribes, who were the descendants of 
Qusay returned. 

Abu Lahab then said, "The Abd Manaaf tribe are present before you, so say your 
piece?" Rasulullaah (US® then spoke, "Allaah has commanded me to warn my 
closest relatives and you are the closest to me from among the Quraysh. I can do 



(1) Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 7 Pg. 11). Ahmad and Tabraani have also narrated the Hadith with reliable 
narrators as mentioned by Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg. 36). Many scholars have narrated it from an 
authentic narration of Ibn Is'haaq in his Maghaazi as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol. 1 Pg. 91). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH flBftaftufrg) (Vol-1) 1QQ 

nothing on your behalf in the court of Allaah, nor can I do anything in your 
favour in the Aakhirah unless you say, 'Laa Ilaaha Illalaah'. If you do so, I shall 
testify to this in the court of your Rabb. At the same time, all the Arabs shall be in 
your control and the non-Arabs shall be subservient to you." 
Abu Lahab retorted by saying; "May you be destroyed! Have you called us for 
this?!" It was in response to this that Allaah revealed the verses: 

(V^l IJy* 3jj~») ^y t-^J ^gj\ IJLf C-*J f 

May the hands of Abu Lahab be shattered .and may he be destroyed... 

{Surah Lahab} (1) 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas JSSSSSei narrates that Rasulullaah W^Oi climbed the 
hill of Safa when the following verse of the Qur'aan was revealed: 

(tM :*ij*A ijyj) %1Q) J&jy dUjliP j Jjlj f 

(O. Rasulullaah %j$$i! First) Warn your closest relatives (about the 
punishment due to those who reject Imaan). {Surah Shu'araa, verse 214} 
He then called out, "Yaa Sabaahaa!" * 2 ' In response to this call, everyone gathered 
around Rasulullaah &&&, some came themselves, while others sent 
representatives. Addressing them, Rasulullaah f£i@£ said, "O the family of Abdul 
Muttalib! O the family of Fahr! O the family of Ka'b! Tell me. Would you believe 
me if I told you that the enemy cavalry was preparing to attack you from the 
foot of this hill?" When they all responded in the affirmative, Rasulullaah QjffiBg 
said, "I am then warning you of a severe punishment." 

Abu Lahab snapped. "May you be destroyed for all the day! Have you called us for 
this?!" It was in response to this that Allaah revealed the verses: 

May the hands of Abu Lahab be shattered and may he be destroyed... 
{Surah Lahab} (3) 



The Da'wah Rasulullaah {sjgge gave to Various Arab 
Tribes During the Hajj Season 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ka'b bin Maalik 133&& narrates that Rasulullaah <&$£ 
gave Da'wah secretly for the first three years. It was during the fourth year that 
he openly began calling people to Islaam. This continued for the next ten years 
in Makkah. During this time, Rasulullaah W$0i invited people to Islaam wherever 
they stayed when they arrived for Hajj, even at the marketplaces of Ukaaz, 
Majinna and Dhil Majaaz. He requested them to grant him asylum so that he 



(1) Ibn Sa'd as quoted in Kanzul Ommaal (Vol. 1 Pg. 277). 

(2) The phrase may be translated as "Beware of an early morning assault!" and was used to alert 
people of an attack by the enemy because battles were waged early in the morning. In fact, in 
those days when battles continued until the evening, the armies would return to their camps and 
start again early the following morning. When such an alert was sounded, the people usually 
gathered around the person making the call. 

(3) Ahmad. Bukhari and Muslim have also reported the Hadith as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan 
Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 38). 



11Q THE UVES OF.THE SAHABAH $&!i%8&9 (Vol-1) 

could propagate the message of his Mighty Rabb, promising them Jannah in 
return. However, he could find none to assist him. Eventually, he used to even 
find out about the place where each individual tribe stayed. 
When he finally reached the BanU Aamir bin Sa'sa'ah tribe, they ill-treated him 
like no other tribe did. When he left them, they actually threw stones at him. 
When Rasulullaah {JSs$l met the Banu Muhaarib tribe, he spoke to one of them 
who was an elder aged 120 years. Rasulullaah {£§8^ invited him to Islaam and 
requested that they offer him asylum so that he may propagate the message of 
Allaah. However, the old man said, "O person! Your people know your condition 
better. By Allaah! Whoever takes you back to their locality will have returned with 
the worst thing a person performing Hajj could return with this season. Stay 
away from us." 

All this while, Abu Lahab had been listening to the conversation. He approached 
the old man of the Banu Muhaarib and said, "If all the people this season had 
been like you, he (Rasulullaah &j§) would have forsaken the religion he 
practises. He is an irreligious liar." The old man said, "By Allaah! You know him 
better for he is your brother's son and your own flesh." Addressing Abu Lahab 
further, the old man said, "O Abu Utba! Is he perhaps not insane? We have with 
us a man from the tribe who will know how to cure him." Abu Lahab gave no 
reply. However, whenever Abu Lahab saw Rasulullaah &J&SI standing with a 
tribe (calling them to Islaam) he would shout out, "He is irreligious! He is a 
liar!" (1) 

Rasulullaah && Invites the Banu Abs Tribe to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Waabisa narrates from his grandfather 3&3S35a!» that their tribe was 
stationed close to the first Jamara in Mina near the Masjid Khayf when 
Rasulullaah {HSH came to them riding. Mounted behind him on the same animal 
was Hadhrat Zaid bin Haaritha HS1&&&. He says, "Rasulullaah *£$$- invited us to 
accept Islaam but by Allaah, we failed to accept his invitation and thus 
committed a grave crime." 

He continues, "We had already heart! about the message of Rasulullaah {j|§3£ that 
Hajj season and when he came to us and gave us the message, we did not accept 
it. With us was Maysara bin Masrooq Absi who said, 'I swear by Allaah that it will 
be an excellent idea to believe this man and to take him with us to our locality 
and keep him with us. I swear by Allaah that the words of this man shall soon be 
dominant and reach the entire world.' The people said to him, 'Forget this talk. 
Why do you present to us something that we do not have the strength to 
handle?'" 

After hearing what Maysara had to say, Rasulullaah t$SS& grew hopeful that he 
would accept Imaan, so he spoke to him further. Maysara said to Rasulullaah 
H, "What you are speaking is most excellent and extremely enlightening. 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'ilun Nabuwwah (Pg. 101). 



T HE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '{&$&& (Vol-1) 111 

However, my people are opposing me and a man has to do as his people do. If a 
man's own people do not support him, how can he expect his enemies to treat 
him?" Rasulullaah {£S$| then left. 

As the people left, Maysara told them to proceed to Fidak because many Jews 
lived there and they could ask /the Jews about Rasulullaah %$&£. When they 
approached the Jews (and aske^d about Rasulullaah ©$!•), the Jews took out a 
book, placed it before them and read to them about Rasulullaah gflp. It read, 
"The unlettered Arab Nabi shall ride a camel and shall suffice on very little (to 
eat). He shall neither be too tall nor too short and his hair shall neither be 
very curly nor extremely straight. His eyes shall have red lines and his 
complexion shall be fair with tones of red." (After reading this much,) The Jews 
said, "If the person who invited you fits this description, you should believe in 
him and adopt his religion. We shall not follow him because we are jealous of 
him and we shall fight brutal battles against him on many occasions. There 
shall not be an Arab who does not either follow him or fight him, so you 
should be among those who follow him." 

Upon hearing this, Maysara turned to his people and said, "O people! The matter 
is now clear." The people said, "We shall return the following Hajj season to meet 
him." So they returned to their homes. However, their leaders refused to let them 
return for the following Hajj and therefore none of them were able to follow 
Rasulullaah $$§&. Rasulullaah *&$§ later migrated to Madinah and it was when 
he performed the farewell Hajj that he met Maysara and recognised him. Maysara 
&&3&t> asked, "O Rasulullaah {£§$£•! By Allaah! I was eager to follow you from the 
day you halted your camel by us, but matters took their course as they did. As 
you see, Allaah had decided that I become a Muslim much later. Most of those 
who were with me have passed away. Where have they gone to?" Rasulullaah 
&% replied, "All those who have passed away while following a religion other 
than islaam are in the Fire of Jahannam." Maysara Jg3)«@» said, "All praise is due 
to Allaah who has saved me." He then accepted Islaam and was. an excellent 
Muslim. He also enjoyed a respectable standing with Hadhrat Abu Bakr 

Rasulullaah &Hi Invites the Kindah 
Tribe to Islaam 

Hadhrat Ibn Roomaan, Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abi Bakr JSSSffi!* and others have 
reported that Rasulullaah %$§£ approached the Kindah tribe at their camping 
place near the market of Ukaaz. Never before had he met a tribe that was so 
soft-natured. When Rasulullaah" %$§£ realised how soft-natured and loving they 
were, he addressed them saying, "I call you towards the One Allaah Who has no 
partners and that if you protect me like you protect yourselves, you shall have 
your choice once I (the message of Islaam) become dominant." 
Most of the people said, "These words are superb but we worship the gods that 

(1) Abu Nu'aym (Pg. 102). The narration is also mentioned AIBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 145) 



112 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&$&$> (Vol-1) 

our forefathers used to worship." One of the youngest person there said, "O my 
people! Hurry to receive this man before you are beaten to it. By Allaah! The Ahlul 
Kitaab have been saying that the time is close when a Nabi shall emerge from 
the Haram." To this, a one-eyed man from the tribe stood up and said, "Be silent 
and hear me out! His own people have driven h|m out yet you want to shelter 
him and thus bear fighting all the Arabs! You cannot do this! I repeat: You cannot 
do this!" Rasulullaah W$j& then left them feeling yery grieved. 
When the tribe returned home and informed their people about the incident, a 
Jew said to them, 'You people have missed a golden opportunity. Had you 
received this man, you would have become the leaders of the Arabs. We have 
the description of this man in our scriptures. As he described Rasulullaah {H33!r 
(from the scriptures), those people who had seen Rasulullaah &ISi? confirmed 
every description he gave. The Jew said further, "We have in our scriptures that 
he shall appear in Makkah and then migrate to Yathrib (Madinah)." The people 
then decided that they would meet Rasulullaah {JiHf the following Hajj season, 
but none of them got to meet him because one of their leaders prevented them 
from going for Hajj that season. When the Jew passed away, he was heard 
accepting Rasulullaah <S§i? (as Allaah's Nabi) and believing in him. '*' 

Rasulullaah £H£ Invites the Banu Ka'b Tribe to 

Islaam 

Abdur Rahmaan Al Aamiri narrates from the elders of his tribe that they were in 
the marketplace of Ukaaz when Rasulullaah &SSI approached them. When he 
asked them which tribe they belonged to, they replied that they belonged to the 
Banu Aamir bin Sa'sa'ah tribe. "Which family of the Banu Aamir?" asked 
Rasulullaah W$£. "The descendants of Ka'b bin Rabee'ah," came the reply. 
Rasulullaah &i$| asked them, "How strong are you?" They replied, "None would 
dare touch anything in our territory or even warm himself at our fireplace." 
Rasulullaah W& then said to them, "I am the Rasul of Allaah. If I come to you, 
will you grant me protection so that I may propagate the message of my Rabb? I 
shall not force any of you into anything." 

The people asked, "To which family of the Quraysh do you belong?" "To the 
family of Abdul Muttalib," Rasulullaah W$& replied. They then asked, "How have 
the family of Abd Manaaf treated you?" Rasulullaah &0> responded by saying, 
"They were the first to reject me and discard me." The people said, "But we shall 
not discard you nor shall we believe in you. However, we shall protect you so 
that you may propagate the message of your Rabb." Rasulullaah {JiSi then joined 
them (intending to return with them to their territory). 

In the meantime, the tribe continued trading in the marketplace when Bujra bin 
Qais Qushayri came to them and said, "Who is this with you? I do not recognise 
him." "He is Muhammad bin Abdillaah from the Quraysh," they replied. "What 
have you people got to do with him?" Bujra asked. They said, "He claims that he 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'ilun Nubuwwah (Pg. 103). 



T HE UVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$%> (Vol-1) 113 

is the Rasul of Allaah and asked us to grant him asylum so that he could 
propagate the message of his Rabb." Bujra asked further, "What was your reply?" 
They said, "We welcomed him and told him that we shall protect him as we 
protect ourselves." Bujra told them, "As far as I am concerned, no one in this 
marketplace shall return with anything worse than that with which you shall 
return. You are doing something that will cause all the Arabs to shun you and 
wage war with you. His people kriow him better. Had there been any good in him, 
they would have considered it a privilege to support him. He is a foolish man 
whose people have discarded him and rejected him yet you people wish to give 
him shelter and assist him! Your decision is evil indeed!" 

Bujra then went to Rasulullaah &|s$| and said, "Get up and return to your people! 
By Allaah! Had you been among my people, I would have severed your head!" 
When Rasulullaah ii^ mounted his camel, the wretched Bujra stabbed the 
camel with a stick in its abdomen, causing it bolt and throw Rasulullaah &£$!> 
off. Hadhrat Subaagha bint Aamir bin Qurt W&&& who was one of the ladies 
who accepted Islaam in Makkah happened to be visiting her cousins there. When 
she saw this, she said, "O children of Aamir! None of you are like Aamir to me (if 
you do not help Rasulullaah (^^). Can none of you do something when this has 
happened to the prophet of Allaah right in your midst?!" 

In response to her plea, three of her cousins stood up and charged for Bujra, 
while two other men stood up to defend Bujra. The three cousins floored their 
opponents, sat on their chests and beat them up. Rasulullaah {£ji$f said, "O 
Allaah! Bless these (the three cousins) and curse those!" Consequently, the 
three who assisted Rasulullaah t&SM- accepted Islaam and died as martyrs while 
the others died under the curse of Allaah. 

The names of the two who helped Bujra were Hazn bin Abdillaah and Mu'aawiya 
bin Ubaadah while the three who helped Rasulullaah &!£§ were Urwa bin 
Abdillaah Wi&8&?> and Ghitreef and Ghatfaan the two sons of Sahl. (1) 
Hadhrat ?uhri EUSffllc^ narrates that Rasulullaah &a$i> met the Banu Aamir bin 
Sa'sa'ah tribe and placed Islaam and himself before them (invited them to accept 
Islaam and to assist him). Among the members of this tribe was a person named 
Bajeera bin Firaas who said, "If I could hold on to this person, I could destroy all 
the Arabs with him." He then said to Rasulullaah £133^ "You say that if we support 
you in your effort and then Allaah grants you victory over your enemies, shall we 
then have kingship?" Rasulullaah {Ji^ii replied, "The decision rests with Allaah. 
He shall grant kingship to whoever He pleases." Bajeera exclaimed, "Hear! Hear! 
We should risk our necks in front of the Arabs and then when Allaah grants you 
victory, others receive kingship! We have no need for your effort." Upon this, all 
the members of the tribe rejected the message of Rasulullaah W^- 
When all the people left after performing Hajj, the Banu Aamir tribe also left. 
When they reached home, they would recount their experiences to a very old 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'ilun Nubuwwah (Pg. 100). Haafidh Sa'eed bin Yahya bin Sa'eed Umawi has 
also narrated it in his Maghaazi as quoted in AI Bidaaya wan Nihaaya. 



114 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $S!%@gi (Vol-1) 

man of their tribe who could not perform-the Hajj with them. They told him that 
a Qurayshi man from the family of Abdul Muttalib who claimed to be a Nabi had 
approached them asking for their protection, their support and to be taken back 
to their area. When he heard the incident, the old man held his head and said, 
"Oh Banu Aamir! Can there be any amends Tor the damage done! Can you ever 
grab hold of this bird's tail again! I swear by the being in whose control lies the 
life of a person! To this day no descendant of I^rnaa'eel $£(&£ has ever made a 
false claim to prophethood. His claim to prophethood is absolutely true. Where 
have you lost your senses?!" ^ 

Zuhri has also narrated that Rasulullaah &££i met the Kindah tribe at the place 
where they were staying while one of their leaders by the name of Mulay was 
with them. Rasulullaah $18% invited them to Allaah and placed himself before 
them (invited them to accept Islaam and to assist him). However, they refused to 
accept his message. * 2) 

Rasulullaah {Sf$g£ Invites the Bani Haneefah to 

Islaam 

Muhammad binAbdirRahmaan bin Husayn narrates that Rasulullaah SS$! approached 
a family of the Banu Kalb tribe called the Banu Abdullaah at the place where they 
were staying. Rasulullaah (US! invited them to Allaah and placed himself before 
them (invited them to accept Islaam arid to assist him). He also said to them, 
"Allaah has certainly given your father a wonderful name (because Abdullaah 
means "the servant of Allaah") However, they refused to accept his message. 

Rasulullaah ^'M Invites the Bani Haneefeh to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah. bin Ka'b bin Maalik W&8&9 narrates that Rasulullaah ^^ 
approached the Banu Haneefah tribe at the place where they were staying. 
Rasulullaah %!$$$• invited them to Allaah and placed himself before them (invited 
them to accept Islaam and to assist him). However, there was not an Arab tribe 
that rejected his message in a manner worse than they did. * 3 ' 

Rasulullaah $?M Invites the Banu Bakr to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abbaas JSBSfiiaSgi narrates that Rasulullaah ®§§ once said to him, "I do 
not see any help forthcoming from yourself and your brother. Will you not take 
me to the marketplace tomorrow so that we may stop at the places where the 
various tribes are staying?" This was during the time when all the Arabs were 
gathered there (in Makkah for the Hajj). 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 139). Abu Nu'aym has also quoted 
the narration (Pg. 100) from Zuhri with the words, "When the people left (for their homes), the 
Banu Aamir returned to an old man from their tribe..." 

(2) Ibn is'haaq 

(3) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg. 139). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ^W&2> (Vol-1) 115 

(Consequently, they left for the marketplace, where Hadhrat Abbaas JaUS^aSS showed 
Rasulullaah $$§§ the camps of the various tribes.) Continuing the narration, 
Hadhrat Abbaas Si&SsSg says that he pointed out to Rasulullaah <^S§, "This is the 
Kindah tribe and those who are with them. They are the best of tribes from 
Yemen performing Hajj." Pointing/ towards the camps of other tribes, Hadhrat 
Abbaas JSJBS®!*© further said, "This^is the camp of the Banu Bakr bin Waa'il tribe 
and that is the Banu Aamir bin ^a'sa'ah camp. You may choose whichever you 
like (to give Da'wah to)." 

Rasulullaah WIMi started by meeting the Kindah tribe. He approached them and 
said, "Where do you people come from?" They replied, "From the people of 
Yemen." "From which tribe of Yemen?" asked Rasulullaah W$£. "From the Kindah 
tribe," they responded. Rasulullaah gf$jjg£ further asked them, "From which family 
of the Kindah tribe do you belong?" They said, "From the Banu Amr bin 
iMu'aawiyah family." Rasulullaah &£ then asked them, "Do you want something 
good?" "What is it?" they asked. Rasulullaah W&£ said to them, "That you should 
testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah, that you establish salaah 
and that you believe in everything that has come from Allaah." 
According to a report from the elders of the Kindah tribe, the people of Kindah 
then said to Rasulullaah (£§$£■, "If you are successful, shall we receive kingship 
thereafter?" Rasulullaah W$& replied, "All kingship belongs to Allaah and He shall 
grant it to whomsoever He pleases." The people then said, "We have no need for 
the message that you have brought to us." 

According to a report of.Kalbi, they said to Rasulullaah W$£, "Have you come to 
us to prevent us from (worshipping) our gods and so that we should oppose the 
Arabs? Go back to your people for we have no need for you." 
After leaving them, Rasulullaah W$& approached the Banu Bakr bin Waa'il tribe. 
He asked them, "Where do you people come from?" They replied, "We are from 
Banu Bakr bin Waa'il tribe." Rasulullaah W0& further asked them, "From which 
family of the Banu Bakr bin Waa'il tribe do you belong?" "From the Banu Qais 
bin Tha'laba family," they responded. Rasulullaah &8§ asked them, "How large 
are your numbers?" "We are as many as the grains of sand," they boasted. "What 
authority do you have?" asked Rasulullaah &&£. "None," they replied, "The 
Persians are our neighbours and we can neither defend ourselves against 
them nor defend anyone else against them." Rasulullaah QUfflJUi said to them, "If 
you people steadfastly take it on your shoulders to recite 'Subhaanallaah' 33 
times, 'Al Hamdu Lillaah' 33 times and 'Allaahu Akbar* 34 times, you shall see a 
time (if Allaah preserves you till then) when you would live in the homes of the 
Persians, marry their women and take their sons as your slaves." "Who are 
you?" they asked. Rasulullaah Wife replied, "I am the messenger of Allaah." 
Rasulullaah fJSSi then left them. 

According to a report of Kalbi, Rasulullaah $j$Hii's uncle Abu Lahab always 
followed him and said to the people, "Do not accept what he has to say." When 
Rasulullaah {£$$§ had left the people and Abu Lahab was passing by them, they 



116 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&S%8£® (Vol-1) 

asked him, "Do you know this man?" Abu Lahab replied, 'Yes. He is a man of high 
status among us. What do you wish to know about him?" When the people 
informed Abu Lahab about the Da'wah Rasulullaah gjjjj^ had given to them and 
that he claimed to be Allaah's Rasul, Abu Lahab sneered, "Do not even raise your 
head to speak to him for he is insane and speaks without thinking." The people 
said, "That is what we thought when he told us abojit the Persians." (1) 

Rasulullaah &&$• Invites Various Tribes to Islaam 

at Mina 

Hadhrat Rabee'ah bin Ibaad 5sS3®»e> narrates that he was a youngster with his 
father at Mina when Rasulullaah (S^ stopped at the camps of various Arab 
tribes saying to them, "O people of this tribe! I am indeed Allaah's Rasul to you, 
instructing you to worship Allaah Alone without ascribing any partners to Him 
and to forsake these idols that you worship. I further direct you to believe in me, 
to accept me and to offer me asylum so that I may clearly express that which 
Allaah has sent me with." 

Hadhrat Rabee'ah bin Ibaad SUES®® says further that Rasulullaah W$i was being 
trailed by squint albeit handsome man whose hair was divided into two locks 
and who was wearing clothes from Aden. When Rasulullaah {JSi@£ had completed 
his talk and the message he had to convey, this man would say to J he people, "O 
people of this tribe! This man is calling you to remove Laat and Uzza from your 
necks together with the Jinns of the Banu Maalik bin Uqaysh who are your allies. 
He wants you to rather follow the new-found and misguided religion he has 
brought. Do not follow him and do not even listen to him." 
Hadhrat Rabee'ah &&0&6 says that he asked his father, "O father! Who is this 
man who follows him and belies what he says?" His father replied, "That is his 
uncle Abdul Uzza bin Abdil Muttalib (also known as) Abu Lahab." ^ 



Rasulullaah ts^? Invites a Large Group to Islaam 

at Mina 

Hadhrat Mudrik ©Ja®© narrates that when he performed Hajj with his father and 
they found themselves amongst a large group of people, he asked his father, 
"What is this gathering about?" His father replied, "They have gathered for that 
irreligious man." When Hadhrat Mudrik W&&$ saw who his father was referring 
to, he noticed Rasulullaah 8i$| standing there telling the people, "O people! Say 
'Laa Ilaaha Illalaah' and you will be successful." (3) 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Haarith Ghaamidi W&&6 narrates that he asked his father at 
Mina, "What is this gathering about?" His father replied, "They have gathered for 
that irreligious man." When Hadhrat Haarith &&&£ stretched his neck to see 



(1) A] Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol. 3 Pg. 140). 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in AJ Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol. 3 Pg. 138). Abdullah bin Ahmad and 
Tabraani have also narrated a similar report from Hadhrat Rabee'ah SSSSSs. Haythami has 
commented on the Sanad{see Vol. 6 Pg. 36). 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg. 21) says that all the narrators are reliable. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W^S» (Vol-i) .„ \\-j 

who his father was referring to, he noticed Rasulullaah W®$ standing there 
calling the people to accept the Oneness of Allaah, but they rejected his 
message.* 1 * 

Hadhrat Hassaan bin Thaabit J£JIJ3@& reports that he performed Hajj during the 
time when Rasulullaah W& was" still calling people to accept Islaam and his 
companions were being tortured^'. He says that he happened to stop by Hadhrat 
Umar $£%%!&» (who was then not yet a Muslim) as he was busy torturing a slave 
girl of the Banu Amr bin Mu'ammil. Thereafter, he (Hadhrat Umar Sua®*©) 
stopped by Hadhrat Zinneeraa WZ&v and started torturing her as well. (2) 

Rasulullaah S^? Invites the Banu Shaybaan to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib W&8&& says, "When Allaah commanded His Nabi &!§ 
to present himself to the Arab tribes, Rasulullaah {H3££ left for Mina with me and 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr WSs&». When we reached a gathering of Arabs, Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr S3©@»» would approach them first and greet them. Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
5£S2@>& was always one to take the initiative and was extremely proficient in 
his knowledge of each Arab tribe's lineage. He asked the people, "Where are you 
people from?' They replied, 'From the Rabee'ah tribe.' He then asked, 'From which 
family of the Rabee'ah tribe?'" 

Hadhrat Ali Wffi&s> then continues the lengthy narration until he reached the 
words, "We then reached a gathering filled with an air of respect where there sat 
several elders of high status and eminence. Hadhrat Abu Bakr Jp3i®ei was always 
one to take the initiative so he approached them and greeted them. When he 
asked them where they came from, they replied that they were from the Banu 
Shaybaan bin Tha'laba tribe. Hadhrat Abu Bakr JS8«@«i then turned to 
Rasulullaah £|§£i and said, 'May my parents be sacrificed for you! There are none 
more respectable in their tribe than these men.' Among them were Mafrooq bin 
Amr, Haani bin Qabeesah, Muthanna bin Haaritha and Nu'maan bin Shareek. The 
closest to Hadhrat Abu Bakr JsNSffiSei from them was Mafrooq bin Amr who was 
also the most eloquent speaker from among the tribe. He wore two locks of hair 
that fell on his chest and he sat closest to Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3sS2®»." 
Continuing with the narration, Hadhrat Ali JgS^4BS& says that Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
J&HGaSa!* asked Mafrooq, "How large are your numbers?" Mafrooq replied, "We are 
certainly more than a thousand and a thousand cannot be defeated for want of 
numbers." Hadhrat Abu Bakr J&SiS®® further asked, "What authority do you 
wield?" "We have to work very hard, but such is the lot of every nation," he 
responded. Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3£JG$@>» posed a further question saying, "What are 
the battles like between yourselves and your enemies?" Mafrooq said, "We are 
most angered when we fight and we fight fiercest when we are angered. (We love 
war so much that) We prefer pedigreed (fighting) horses to children and weapons 

(1) Bukhari in his Taareekh, Abu Zur'ah, Baghawi, Ibn Abi Aasim and Tabraani as quoted in Isaabah 
(Vol. 1 Pg. 275). 

(2) Waaqidi as quoted in Isaabah (Vol. 4 Pg. 312). 



118 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAtl WH8®&& (Vol-1) 

to milk-yielding camels. All help is from Allaah Who sometimes grants victory to 
us and sometimes allows others to be victorious over us. Are you not from the 
Quraysh?" 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr *s3©&!# said, "What if you were told that the Quraysh have the 
Rasul of Allaah and that this is him?" Mafrooq said, "The news has already 
reached us that he claims to be Allaah's Rasi|l." Mafrooq then turned to 
Rasulullaah gjK% and said, "To what are you calling, O brother of the Quraysh?" 
Rasulullaah QjMOt then stepped forward and sat down. Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3£3!23@» 
stood up and shaded Rasulullaah {$$£• with his clothing. Rasulullaah &§& said, 
"I call you to testify that there is none worthy of worship but the One Allaah and 
to testify that I am the Rasul of Allaah. I am also asking you to grant me asylum, 
to protect me and to assist me so that I may convey that message which Allaah 
has commanded me to pass on because the Quraysh have joined forces against 
the Deen of Allaah, they have rejected his Rasool, have satisfied themselves with 
falsehood instead of the truth. But Allaah is independent, Worthy of all praise." 
To this, Mafrooq asked further, "What else are you calling us towards, O brother 
of the Quraysh?" To this, Rasulullaah £jj9il? recited the following verse of the 
Qur'aan: 

* J &** » S Ji <r *- ^ i L' W • * (S > Jf ' tf *» -C* •■'" ******* ****** 

tyjlj c sjiil £& j& [;r >\ ^* ^ *i\ j^xSS JU \$jd V 3 <Q o>U*» 

<4 jtS^fij j*SJi «Ul.j».ii ^P j>S*i Oy&i J*~J> jj*«£» jj «j*jjU U> a.>...w» 

0«r U w •.^.U'fl 5j>-») ^y oj** 3 >**"**J 
Say, "Draw closer, I shall recite to you the things that your Rabb has 
forbidden for you. (These are) That you do not ascribe any partner to 
Him and that you be kind towards your parents, (Allaah has also 
commanded) That you do not kill (abort) your children for fear of 
poverty (fearing that you will become poor by providing for them). We 
provide for you and for them as well (even though you may be poor). 
And (Allaah commands) that you do not draw near to immoral acts that 
may be open and secret. And (Allaah commands further) that you do 
not murder a soul which Allaah has forbidden except with a right (that 
permits you to kill him. Those who may be lawfully executed are 
married adulterers, murderers and male Murtaddeen). These are the 
things which Allaah has (emphatically) commanded you so that you 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&$3/®S& (Vol-1) .„ 119 

may understand (obey)^ And approach (use or invest) the wealth of the 

orphan (who is in your care) only in a favourable (fair or profitable) 

manner until he reaches maturity. And (in addition to all these 

commands) give full measure and weight in. fairness (when you trade 

with people). We do not place on a soul a responsibility unless it is 

within its capability. Adopt' justice when you speak (pass judgement) 

even though it be your relative (for whom or against whom you judge) 

and fulfil the pledge of Allaah (to worship Him Alone). These are the 

things which Allaah has (solemnly) commanded you so that you may 

take heed. And (tell them, O Muhammad ^^J "This (obeying all these 

commands) is indeed my straight path, so follow it. Do not follow other 

paths, for they will deviate you from Allaah's path (from Islaam). These 

are the things which Allaah has (solemnly) commanded you so that you 

may adopt Taqwa." {Surah An'aam, verses 151-153} 

Impressed by this, Mafrooq further asked, "What else do youi call us towards? I 

swear by Allaah that this is not the speech of those on earth because if it were, 

we would have definitely recognised it." Thereafter Rasulullaah &0t recited the 

following verse of the Qur'aan: j 

J&J\j ZL&\ yp J4& Ji'j&\ ^i £C£\) o^f'j Jj^JW yk ipi £j^ 

Verily Allaah instructs (people to carry out) justice, Ihsaan (do things 

well, as well as doing everything with the consciousness that Allaah is 

watching), and giving (charity) to relatives. And Allaah forbids immoral 

behaviour, evil and oppression. He advises you so that you may take 

heed (and thereby save ourselves from ruin and Jahannam). {Surah Nahl, 

iverse 90} 

Mafrooq exclaimed, "O Qurayshi! I swear by Allaah that you call towards the best 

of character and the most beautiful actions. Without doubt, any nation that 

rejects you and supports others against you are certain liars." 

Mafrooq then decided to include Haani bin Qabeesah in the conversation. He 

therefore introduced Haani by saying, "This is Haani bin Qabeesah. He is our 

elder and in charge of our religious affairs." Thereafter, Haani addressed 

Rasulullaah W$& saying, "O my Qurayshi brother! I have heard what you have to 

say and accept every word of it. However, I feel that if we forsake our religion to 

follow yours, it would be a mistake and would reflect upon the weakness of our 

understanding and lack of contemplation over the matter. The reason for this is 

that this is only our first meeting with each other, which may not even be the last 

and no one knows what the future holds. Mistakes often occur because of haste. 

In addition to this, we have people at home who would dislike that we enter into 

any agreement without consulting them. Therefore, you should return and we 

shall return. There after you contemplate over your matter and we shall 

contemplate over ours." 



120 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$&& (Vol-D 

Haani then wished to include Muthanna bin Haaritha into the conversation. He 
therefore introduced him saying, "This is Muthanna bin Haaritha. He is our elder 
and in charge of our military affairs." Addressing Rasulullaah g§$H, Muthanna 
said, "O Qurayshi brother! I have listened to what you have said. I like what you 
said for it appealed to me very much. However, my r^ply to you will be the same 
reply that Haani bin Qabeesah has given. We find ourselves between the borders 
of two countries. The one is Yamaamah and the other is Samaawah." 
Rasulullaah W$i asked him, "On the borders of for which two countries you are 
situated?" He replied, "On one side and we have the land, the high hills and 
mountains of the Arabs while on the other side we have the land of the Persians 
and the rivers of the Kisra. The Kisra has permitted us to live there on condition 
that we do not start anything new and do not support any person who starts a 
new movement. The possibility is great that the Persian kings would not like that 
which you are calling us towards. Whereas the custom in the land of the Arabs 
is to forgive those who will have erred and to accept their excuse, the custom 
of the land of the Persians is that people who make mistakes are not forgiven 
nor are their excuses accepted. Therefore, it you wish that we take your back to 
our land and assist you against the Arabs, we can accept this responsibility 
(however, we cannot bear the responsibility of opposing the Persians)." 
Rasulullaah W0& said to them, "Your reply has not been an evil one because you 
have spoken frankly. However, the only people who can establish the Deen of 
Allaah are those who protect it from every angle." Rasulullaah &£ then stood 
up taking the hand of Hadhrat Abu Bakr WS%$£». Hadhrat Ali 5i3J2s@»ei narrates 
further when he says that the three of them then proceeded to the. Aws and 
Khazraj tribes and left them only after they had pledged their allegiance to 
Rasulullaah (S^i. Speaking about the Aws and Khazraj tribes, Hadhrat Ali JSUiSiSSSg 
says, "They were extremely truthful and extremely perseverant people. May Allaah 
be pleased with all of them." * 1 ' 

Another narration states that Rasulullaah *£$$• said to them, "The only people 
who can establish the Deen of Allaah are those who protect it from every angle." 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah ®Sf added, "Tell me. If after a short while Allaah grants 
you their (the Persians') land and their wealth and takes their women to your 
beds (making them your wives and slaves), will you then not be prepared to 
glorify Him and proclaim His purity?" To this, Nu'maan bin Shareek said, "You 
then have our support, brother of the Quraysh." Rasulullaah $$§& then recited 
the verse: 

O Nabi ^§] We have certainly sent you as a witness, a carrier of good 
news (to the Mu'mineen that they will enjoy Jannah), a warner (to the 
Kuffaar that they will suffer the punishment ofjahannam if they do not 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (pg. 96). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-1) 121 

accept Imaan) and as a caller to Allaah by His command and an as an 

illuminating lantern. 
Hadhrat Ali igt^&SsS says, "Rasulullaah %j$$& then stood up, taking the hand of 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr !s3!^<3». He turned to us and said, 'O Ali! How excellent are the 
manners of the Arabs even during the/ time of ignorance! How noble are they! It is 
because of this, they protect each other in the life of this world." The three of 
them then proceeded to the Aws anjfl Khazraj tribes and left them only after they 
had pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah W$i. Hadhrat Ali ©S3®© says, "They 
(the Aws and Khazraj tribes) were extremely truthful and extremely perseverant 
people. Rasulullaah {SHi was happy that Hadhrat Abu Bakr !S31a<@»ei possessed so 
much knowledge about the lineage of the Arabs. Not much time had elapsed 
afterwards when Rasulullaah &8Ht came to his companions and said, 'Praise 
Allaah abundantly because today the Banu Rabee'ah (amongst whom were the 
Banu Shaybaan tribe) have defeated the Persians. They have killed the Persian 
leaders and annihilated their armies. Allaah has assisted them because of me." *'* 
Another narration explains this further by stating that when the soldiers of the 
Banu Rabee'ah met the Persian army at a place called Quraqir, which was close 
to the Euphrates River, they used the name of Muhammad (USSI as their 
code-word, because of which Allaah granted them victory. After this battle, the 
Banu Rabee'ah entered the fold of Islaam." (2) 

Rasulullaah &j§ Invites the Aws and Khazraj 
Tribes to Islaam 

One day, while mentioning the virtues of the Ansaar and that the fact that they 
were pioneers in Islaam, Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib W$&e> said, "The person who 
does not like the Ansaar and does not recognise the rights due to them, 
cannot be a Mu'min. By Allaah, they used their swords, their power of speech 
and their generosity of their hearts to nurture Islaam just as a mare nurtures her 
foal in a green pasture. During the seasons of Hajj, Rasulullaah ®i? used to go 
out to call the various tribes to Islaam. However, none was prepared to accept his 
message. He used to meet the various tribes at the marketplaces of Majinna and 
Ukaaz and at Mina until he would meet the same tribes returning year after a 
year. In fact, there were those tribes who used to say to him, "When will the time 
come for you to give up hope on us because you have been meeting with us for 
such a long time? Eventually the tim^came when the Most Powerful the Most 
Honoured Allaah decided matters in favour of the tribes of the Ansaar. 
Rasulullaah ®§§ then presented Islaam to them and they readily accepted. 
They took Rasulullaah W$£ to their town, assisted him and sympathised with 
him. May Allaah reward them with the best of rewards. Thereafter, we (the 
Muhaajireen) came to them and took up residence in their homes. They preferred 
us above themselves to the extent that they would even draw lots to decide 

(1) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.142). Abu Nu'aym, Haakim, Bayhaqi have also narrated this 
Hadith. 

(2) Haafidh ibn Hajar has commented on this Hadith in Fat'hul Baari (Vol. 7 Pg.156). 



1 22 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (®3S@» (Vol-1) 

which of them would be host to us. Eventually, from the depths of their hearts 
they allowed us to have greater rights than them in their very own wealth. They 
even sacrificed their lives for the protection of Allaah's Nabi 0S$$. May the 
mercies and blessings of Allaah be showered on them." ^ 
HadhratUmmS'ad bint Sa'd bin Rabee BSli^Ssi says that Rasulullaah W$& continued 
calling people to Islaam when he was staying in Makkah. However, he was 
abused and hurt. Eventually, the decision of Allaah demanded that honour come 
to this tribe of the Ansaar. Consequently, Rasulullaah i &M met a group of them 
at a place called Aqaba as they were busy shaving off their hair (after 
performing Hajj). When one of the narrators asked Hadhrat Umm Sa'd Sp2j@«» 
who the group was, she replied, "They were six or seven persons. From the Banu 
Najjaar tribe were As'ad bin Zuraa'rah and two sons of Afraa." She did not name 
the rest of them. 

Rasulullaah {JS$i sat down with them, conveyed the message of Allaah to them 
and recited a part of the Qur'aan to them. They accepted Allaah and his Rasool 
$$&£ and agreed to meet him the following year. This incident is known as the 
first pledge of Aqaba. Thereafter, the second pledge of Aqaba took place. One of 
the narrators then asked Hadhrat Umm Sa'd W%®&, "How long did Rasulullaah 
&0t stay in Makkah?" She replied, "Have you not heard the words of Abu Sirma 
Qais bin.Abi Anas?" The narrator responded by saying, "I do not know what he 
said." She then quoted the following couplet: 

"He stayed with the Quraysh for a few years more than ten 
Advising people with the hope of meeting a suitable friend" 
She then proceeded to quote an entire poem, which shall Inshaa Allaah be 
quoted in a Hadith of Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas JIKSSffiSsS in the chapter 
concerning the help that the Sahabah &SH&9 rendered to the cause of Islaam. (2) 
Hadhrat Aqeel bin Abi Taalib ©!^@» and Hadhrat Zuhri narrate that one day 
during the period when the Mushrikeen started harassing Rasulullaah (Jiil to a 
great degree, he said to his uncle Hadhrat Abbaas bin Abdil Muttalib S!3®e>, "O 
my beloved uncle! Allaah shall assist His Deen using such people to whom the 
oppressive opposition of the Quraysh would seem trivial and who would enjoy 
great honour in the eyes of Allaah. Take me to the marketplace of Ukaaz and 
show me where the various Arab tribes are staying because I want to call them 
towards Allaah and request them to protect me and grant me asylum so that I 
may propagate the message of Allaah to humanity." Hadhrat Abbaas Wi%&& said, 
"O my beloved nephew! Proceed to Ukaaz. I shall accompany you and show you 
where the tribes are staying." 

Rasulullaah (^i started by inviting the Thaqeef tribe to Islaam and then 
continued meeting the other tribes who were there (for Hajj) that year. The 
following year (which was the year in which Allaah commanded Rasulullaah ■ 

(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (Pg.105). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il Pg. 105. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&)$&$> (Vol-ll 123 

to preach openly) Rasulullaah W8& met six persons from amongst the Aws and 
Khazraj tribes. They were As'ad bin Zuraarah W8&&9, Abul Haytham bin At 
Tayyihaan W8Si&&, Abdullaah bin Rawaaha SJlESiJS*, Sa'd bin Rabee W&&6, 
Nu'maan bin Haaritha }£J®@® and Ubaadah bin Saamit Js)538a5£. Rasulullaah (J|$| 
met them one night at the Jama/ra Aqaba during the days of Mina. 
Rasulullaah ©H sat with therri, invited them to believe in Allaah, to worship Him 
and to assist him in the propagation of the Deen that Alla'ah had sent the 
Ambiyaa and Rusul with. When they asked Rasulullaah £S$£ to present to them 
what Allaah had revealed to him, he recited the following verses of Surah 
Ibraheem to them: 

'/»' » 1 s " ' '"'» i fi i" » "I'm i'i V»i 



#»'' 1i e -\' ' .1 ' ' » " E »" <*i' »''>'' E i ti '" !*' ^ ' V, ' 1 ' jS i 

' '"i'I ' '!« '" ' 'I'm' ' '1i T '- i s m "" '•' -t 'i"i'- t. fi ti i '»-'i 
^-fbj oj-fctJi ^ >^*jj'j >•-$*» j>jj tr lUJ ' ot iX r d*** 'j 1 ^' 'j- ***! 

i ' 1 ' in i' i. ».'i" * ' i»-fi" ». '.-fi' •'•;>:: '.'it' 81 ' (fa ' >'i> " 
X'> '{'.'.' ,'*' J . *»•? . ' . I. * „ ' » .-» » '' » , » ' <&* r- * „ ' » '-;»'«, 



»i< j. ',•'*„ s ^' ;,:'»' > *^ » c ,'t T„r-:»»tr s ' i'-";.' "mi ■'.'■I'' 

JJjl ,J— *jJt £*>J db^Pi (^ y^l ^1 J>\ \jj>\ L»j |yJJ» ^jJI J^UJ 

i*-* if- ''-.It ^»''»i •■' , ^' S /Ai n'< »" » ^«' .»i »" > J ' ' '.I y.> i*' 
\y*& ^aJI (; ^1* ^i ^S^j Q J1j3 ^ ^U J^ ^ >u-jI ly^J 

^ c & l « c > it. r ) ilk. mi ci I • . *— » ..i*i_« * c t i •*. i*i 



' ''£' i'-*^' ». ; ' ^ iu»1ii ' ^-1 1'»' ' ' » \'\ '''.»>» >i ' s ':' > -» ' ■!»• 
^*Aji^« ljj5w» jjj yl JUU'ill ^^SJ Ujj-*>j j*y UUj u^T ^JJ jj^Jj ^-j-ju 

^Ml S " '' ^i' ^S II' 'ti ■** i»''i > "A' 'i> ' i' i » •">' 'it." ' 
i' * til • '». fi C* . '»' '» > ' ii '1' /A\ i'C'i. '.'',. \ti>'"' 'it " i.' 

i s '•' 'it- 'Aw ' •'ii^iVm >>'>>> i »: fi ,'•; >» > '-f' i" ^ 
U (^ JT 4JJ! j;^J y jLJt mm*} ^j^AJj oljJa} ^ ^^'j- V' 

(Remember the time) When Ibraheem #§!&£ said (when he left his wife 



124 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol-1) 

Haajira and son Ismaa'eel in Makkah), "O my Rabb! Make this city 
peaceful and safeguard my children and myself from worshipping idols. 
O my Rabb! Indeed these idols have misled many people. So whoever 
will follow me (by believing in Towheed), then he is certainly from me 
(from among the adherents of my religion). Arjfd whoever will disobey 
me, then (I pray that you give him the ability tot obey, me because) 
surely You are Most Forgiving, Most Merciful. O our Rabb! I have 
settled some of my children (Ismaa'eel 0%&£) in a valley that cannot be 
cultivated, close to Your sacred house (the Kabah). O our Rabb! (I have 
left them here) So that they establish salaah, so cause the hearts of 
some people to be inclined towards them (so that people may love 
them and settle with them). And provide for them fruits (all types of 
provisions) for their sustenance so that they may be grateful. O our 
Rabb! Indeed You know what we conceal and what we disclose (so 
forgive us for all the mistakes we make). Nothing in the heavens and 
the earth is hidden from Allaah. All praise be to Allaah, Who has gifted 
me with (my sons) Ismaa'eel W&& and Is'haaq $S8&£ despite (my) old 
age. Undoubtedly, my Rabb hears all prayers. O my Rabb! Make me one 
who establishes salaah, and my progeny- as well. O my Rabb! Accept my 
prayer. O our Rabb! Forgive me, my parents and the Mu'mineen on the 
day when reckoning shall commence (the Day ofQiyaamah)." Never 
think that Allaah is unaware of what the oppressors do. (Allaah does 
not punish them immediately because) He is only granting them respite 
until a day (the Day ofQiyaamah) when gazes (of people) will be fixed 
upwards (because of their intense fright). (On that day) They will be 
running (towards the Plain of Resurrection) with their heads fixed 
upwards (in astonishment and fright), their gazes never returning to 
them. And their hearts will be empty (confused and without feeling 
because of the intense fear). Warn people of a day when punishment 
will afflict them, and the oppressors will say, "O our Rabb! Grant us 
respite (to return to the world) for a short while. We shall accept Your 
call and follow the Rusul." (Their plea will be rejected and it will be said 
to them) "Did you not swear on oath before this (in the world) that you 
shall never be displaced (from the worldfi You lived in the homes of 
those who oppressed themselves and it was clear to you how We dealt 
with them (you saw that they were destroyed, yet you did as they did). 
And We even cited examples for you (so that you may mend your ways, 
but you failed to listen)." They plotted their plots, but their plots rest 
with Allaah (He knows what they plot and makes their plots fail), even 
though (their plots seem so powerful that) mountains could be 
displaced by their plots. Never think that Allaah will break His promise 
to His Rusul (He promises them His help and His help shall come to 
them). Indeed Allaah is Mighty, Able to take vengeance (on behalf of 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $$&&£ (Vol-D 125 

whoever He wills from whoever He wills). (Do not forget) The day (of 

Qiyaamah) when the earth will be changed into another earth, and the 

skies (will also be changed). They will then present themselves before 

Allaah, the One, the Most Powerful. On that day you will see the 

criminals (Kuffaar) shackled together in chains. Their garments will be 

of tar (which smells terfibly and burns easily) and the Fire will cover 

their faces. (They will present themselves before Allaah) So that Allaah 

may repay every soul for what (good or evil) it had earned. Indeed 

Allaah is swift in reckoning. This (Qur'aan) is a message for people so 

that they are warned by it and so that they may know (by the proofs 

and examples it contains) that He (Allaah) is but One Ilaah, and so that 

the intelligent ones take heed (listen, learn and prepare for the 

Aakhirah). {Surah ibraheem verses 35-52} 

Their hearts were moved by these words of the Qur'aan and they accepted 

Islaam. As they were engaged in conversation with Rasulullaah {2S$£, Hadhrat 

Abbaas 513£a@»e> passed by. Recognising the voice of Rasulullaah (S8jif, he said, "O 

my nephew! Who are these people with you?" Rasulullaah ®£i said, "These are 

the residents of Yathrib from the Aws and Khazraj tribes. I gave them the same 

Da"wah that I had given to so many other tribes before them and they accepted 

my message and believed what I said. They have also mentioned that they shall 

take me back with them to their city." 

Hadhrat Abbaas JSH^@si descended from his animal, tied it up and said, "O people 
of the Aws and Khazraj! This is my nephew and the person I love most. If you 
accept his message, believe him and intend to take him with you to your city, I 
want you to make a promise so that my heart may be contented. Promise me 
that you shall never desert him and never betray him because your neighbours 
are the Jews and the Jews are his enemies. I fear that the Jews may connive 
against him." 

When Hadhrat Abbaas *£3!S@» expressed his mistrust in Hadhrat As'ad bin 
Zuraarah '&83IS&® and his companions, Hadhrat As'ad %$%&!> felt insulted and 
said, "O Rasulullaah QMS*] Permit me to reply to him in a manner that will neither 
upset you nor appear distasteful to you. However, the reply will confirm that we 
have accepted your message and it will express our Imaan in you." Rasulullaah 
&$£ said, "You may reply to him for I have complete confidence in you." 
Facing Rasulullaah gjiijf , Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah W&@& said, "O Rasulullaah 
{§Sif! There is a path to every call. While some paths are easy, others are difficult. 
Today you have called us towards something that is both new and difficult for 
people to accept. You have called us to forsake our religions and to follow you in 
your Deen. This is not an easy task. However, we have accepted your call. You 
have called us to severe all' ties we have with both close and distant relatives (by 
following you rather than them). This is not an easy task. However, we have 
accepted your call. You have invited us to Islaam whereas we are a strong group 
living in a place that is powerful and mighty (where our lives and properties are 



126 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (Piffle* (Vol-1) 

safe). None could ever imagine that our leader shall be someone not from 
amongst us, whose people have ostracised him and whose uncles have deserted 
him. This is not an easy task but we have accepted it. These things appear 
difficult for all save those whose welfare Allaah has decided and who foresee 
good in, its results. We have accepted your call with our tongues, our hearts and 
our hands because we believe what you have conveyed to us and we accept it 
with conviction that has settled deep withiri our hearts. We pledge our 
commitment to you in all of this and we pledge it to our Rabb and your Rabb as 
well. Allaah's hand is above ours (approving this pledge). We shall spill our blood 
to protect yours and give our lives for yours. We shall protect you as we protect 
ourselves, our children and our wives. Should we fulfil this pledge, it shall be for 
Allaah. Should we betray this pledge, it shall be betraying Allaah to the cost of 
making us the most wretched people. O Rasulullaah 1i§8S£\ All that we have told 
you is the absolute truth and we seek Allaah's assistance (to help us fulfil the 
pledge)." 

Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah 5S312s@e> then turned to HadhratAbbaas ^&^ saying, 
"As for you who have used your words to be a barrier between Rasulullaah SUSS? 
and us. Allaah knows best what you meant by your words but you have 
mentioned that this is your nephew and the person whom you love the most. 
However, we have cut ourselves off from people near and distant as well as from 
blood relatives. We testify that he is certainly the Rasul of Allaah whom Allaah 
has Himself sent. He is certainly no liar and what he has brought does not at all 
resemble the words of man. As for your statement that you cannot be content 
with us until we make a promise to you, we shall certainly not refuse such a 
request made out of concern for Rasulullaah W®£. You may therefore take from 
us whatever promises you wish." 

Turning once again to Rasulullaah W$&, Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah W&tS&fc said, 
"O Rasulullaah #§§! Take any promises you wish from us and make any 
conditions from the side of your Rabb that you wish to make." 
The details of their pledge of allegiance shall Inshaa Allaah be mentioned in the 
complete Hadith in the chapter concerning the assistance that the Ansaar 
rendered to Islaam at the very beginning. *'' 



The Da'wah that Rasulullaah @§i$g gave in the 

Marketplaces 

Hadhrat Rabee'ah bin Ibaad tgl!&8!&> belonged to the Banu Deel tribe who had all 
accepted islaam after passing through the Period of Ignorance. He narrates that 
during the Period of ignorance, he saw Rasulullaah W®t in the marketplace of 
Dhul Majaaz saying to those gathered around him, "O people! Say 'Laa Ilaaha 
Illalaah' and you will be successful." Rasulullaah g|@£ was being trailed by 
squint albeit handsome man whose hair was divided into two locks. He followed 
Rasulullaah $§$§ wherever he went and said to the people, "He (Rasulullaah 



( 1 ) Abu Nu aym in Dalaa 'il (Pg. 1 05) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$%&& (Vol-D 127 



m) is an irreligious man and a liar." 
Hadhrat Rabee'ah bin Ibaad S5.la®« says that when he asked about the man, he 
was informed that the man was Abu Lahab the uncle of Rasulullaah f^SS. ^ 
According to another narration, Rasulullaah {H^i used to run away from Abu 
Lahab who persistently hoynded him. Other narrations also mention that as 
people used to attack Rasulullaah (JS$|, there would be no one to say anything. 
However, he would nevetf remain silent (nothing would prevent him from 
propagation). * 2 ^ 

Hadhrat Taariq bin Abdillaah W%3&& narrates that he was in the Dhul Majaaz 
marketplace when a man passed by wearing a shawl with red threads. He was 
saying to the people, "O people! Say 'Laa Ilaaha lllalaah' and you will be 
successful." He was being trailed by another man who had injured his (the first 
man's) heels and legs, causing them to bleed. The second man was saying, "O 
people! Do not follow him because he is a liar!" When Hadhrat Taariq bin 
Abdillaah asked the people who the men were, he was told, "He (the first man) is 
a man from the Banu Haashim who claims to be Allaah's Rasul and the other is 
his uncle Abdul Uzza (Abu Lahab)." * 3 ' 

A person from the Banu Maalik bin Kinnana tribe narrates that he saw 
Rasulullaah {£S$£ in the Dhul Majaaz marketplace saying to the people, "O 
people! Say 'Laa Ilaaha lllalaah' and you will be successful." Abu Jahal threw sand 
into the face of Rasulullaah {£!$§ saying, "Do not let this man deceive you into 
leaving your religion. He wants you to forsake your gods. He wants you to 
forsake Laat and Uzza." Hbwever, Rasulullaah (JS$| paid no attention to him. 
When the narrator was asked to describe Rasulullaah W®£, he said, "He was 
wearing two shawls with red threads. He was of medium height with a well-built 
body and extremely handsome face. His hair was very black and thick and his 
complexion was exceptionally fair." * 4 ^ The Da'wah that Rasulullaah 01^ gave in 
the marketplace of Ukaaz has already been mentioned in the chapter entitled 
"The Da'wah Rasulullaah {JS5SI gave to Various Arab Tribes During the Hajj 
Season." 

Rasulullaah ®P Invites His Close 
Relatives to Islaam 

Rasulullaah &|c$i Addresses Faatima and Safiyya W&w&j 
Hadhrat Aa'isha EiR2®e> narrates that Rasulullaah &i§if gathered his family 

(1) Ahmad and Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.41). Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.22) 
andlbnHajar (Fat'hul Baari Vol. 7 Pg. 156) have commented on this narration. 

(2) ibn Is'haaq as quoted in Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah (Vol. 3 Pg. 138). Abdullah bin Ahmad and 
Tabraani have also narrated a similar report from Hadhrat Rabee'ah '&&$&>&. Haythami has 
commented on the Sanad(see Vol. 6 Pg. 36). 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami has commented on it in Vol.6 Pg.23. 

(4) Ahmad with a reliable chain of narrators as mentioned by Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.2l). Al Bidaaya wan 
Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.139) quotes a narration of Bayhaqi without the description of Rasulullaah &J89S. 
Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya mentions that although a narrator may be mistaken by naming Abu Jahal, 
it is possible that it was sometimes Abu Jahal and sometimes Abu Lahab who took turns to harass 
Rasulullaah {j$&£. 



128 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &31&&9 (Vol-D 

members when Allaah revealed the verse: 

(O Rasulullaah (JieSi?! First) Warn your closest relatives (about the 
punishment due to those who reject Imaan). {Surah Shu'araa, verse 214} 
Rasulullaah W0& then said, "O Faatima the daughter of Muhammad {$$£!. O 
Safiyya the daughter of Abdul Muttalib! O children of Abdul Muttalib! Ask me 
whatever you wish from my wealth, but I can give you nothing from Allaah (I 
cannot assist you against Allaah's punishment)." (1) 

Rasulullaah <&'M Invites his Household and other 
Relatives for a meal to Call them towards Islaam 

Hadhrat Ali SD3®s narrates that Rasulullaah ®si gathered his family members 
when Allaah revealed the verse: 

(O Rasulullaah W$£! First) Warn your closest relatives (about the 
punishment due to those who reject Imaan). {Surah Shu'araa, verse 214} 
Thirty of them gathered and had something to eat and drink. Thereafter, 
Rasulullaah &§$| asked them, "Who will assume the responsibility of paying my 
debts and fulfilling my pledges? Whoever does this shall be my companion in 
Jannah and my successor in my family." Someone said, "But you are an ocean (of 
generosity and virtue). Who could possibly assume your responsibilities?" 
Rasulullaah &M then repeated the request thrice. When Rasulullaah gjj$|£ presented 
the request to the members of his household, Hadhrat Ali ^JSaffiS© said, "I am 
prepared." * 2) 

Hadhrat Ali S3J2@s> narrates that Rasulullaah &8£ invited the family of Abdul 
Muttalib who were such people that each one of them could easily eat a young 
animal and drink the equivalent of a Taraq*^. Rasulullaah {£S§I prepared food 
weighing only a "mudd" (4) , from which everyone ate to their fill. The leftover 
food was as much as there had been at the beginning and it appeared as if it had 
not been touched. Thereafter, Rasulullaah (SUP sent for a small cup from which 
everyone drank to their fill. The leftover drink was also as much as there had 
been at the beginning, appearing as if it had not been touched. 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah &0t addressed them saying, "O children of Abdul 
Muttalib! I have been sent as a Rasul to you people in particular and to all of 
mankind in general. You have just witnessed one of my miracles, so which of 
you shall pledge his allegiance to me to become my brother and companion?" 
However, no one volunteered. Hadhrat Ali W&^& says, "I then stood up although 



(1) Ahmad and Muslim. 

(2) Ahmad. 

(3) A large quantity of liquid, the approximate value of which differs according to the trade of various 
places. However, it is roughly equal to 20 litres. 

(4) An old unit of measurement the approximate value of which differs according to the trade of 
various places. However, it is a very small quantity of mass. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $S,&@?g> (Vol-1) 129 

I was the youngest of them all. Rasulullaah Qg$§ told me to be seated and 
repeated himself thrice. I stood up each time and each time he told me to be 
seated. Eventually, when this happened the third time, Rasulullaah ^&§ struck 
his hand on mine (accepted my pledge of allegiance)." ^' 

Hadhrat Ali S3J3©® has also napated that Rasulullaah £$£§ instructed him to 
prepare a meal using the leg Qf an animal and a "saa" ^ of wheat flour (for 
bread) when the following verse/of the Qur'aan was revealed: 

(Ytt :tlj*i S_y~i) ^Q^^l viL^liP jJJljJt 

(O Rasulullaah $$M. r First) Warn your closest relatives (about the 
punishment due to those who reject Imaan). {Surah Shu'araa, verse 214} 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah ®$E told Hadhrat Ali JsSSSSSe! to invite the Banu Haashim. 
During that time, the Banu Haashim numbered approximately 40 to 42 persons. 
Hadhrat Ali W&<$s?> continues the narration by saying, "(After their guests had 
arrived) Rasulullaah W®£ sent for the food. When he placed the food before 
them, they all ate to their fill even though there were people amongst them who 
could eat a young animal together with gravy all by themselves. Thereafter, 
Rasulullaah (Ǥli sent for a small cup of milk. When he passed the cup around 
for them to drink, they all managed to drink to their fill. One of them 
commented, "Until today, I had never seen such magic." It is widely believed that 
it was Abu Lahab who said this. 

The following day, Rasulullaah W$$ said to Hadhrat Ali JgKS&S©, "O Ali! Prepare 
the leg of a goat together with a "saa" of wheat flour and a large cup of milk." 
Hadhrat Ali JsSSJffiSsi says, "I did as I was told. The guests ate as they had eaten the 
first day and drank as they had drunk on the first day. Just as it occurred on the 
first day, as much food was left over as we had begun with." To this, someone 
commented, "Never before have we seen such magic as we have witnessed 
today." 

(On the third day) Rasulullaah WHI& said, "O Ali! Prepare the leg of a goat 
together with a "saa" of wheat flour and a large cup of milk." After doing as he 
was told, Rasulullaah £HI asked Hadhrat Ali *£).&©£> to invite the Banu Haashim. 
Consequently, he gathered them together and they ate and drank. Rasulullaah 
W$s then spoke to them saying, "Which of you are prepared to settle my debts 
for me?" Hadhrat Ali *£l!£.@g) says, "I remained silent as did everyone body else. 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah £Hi repeated himself. I responded by saying, 'I am 
prepared to do so O Rasulullaah {£i$f !' He said to me, 'You O Ali! You O Ali (You 
are certainly fit for the task)!'" < 3) 

Ibn Abi Haatim has also reported a similar Hadith in which Rasulullaah {^^? said 
to the people, which of you is prepared to settle my debts and to succeed me as 
head of my family after my demise? Hadhrat Ali 3siXsa®St5 says, "Everybody 
remained silent including Hadhrat Abbaas Sl3@ssi who feared that all his wealth 



(1) Ahmad as quoted in the Tafseerof Ibn Katheer (Vol. 3 Pg.350). 

(2) A unit of measure equal to approximately 3.2 kg. 

(3) Bazzaar. Haythami has commented on the Hadith in Vol. 8 Pg.302. 



130 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH f&&ms> (Vol-1) 

would be used up in settling the debts. I remained silent out of respect for 
Hadhrat Abbaas *g8£@S> who was much elder than me. When Rasulullaah SJs$8l 
repeated his request, Hadhrat Abbaas W$&?> again remained silent. When I saw 
this, I said, 'O Rasulullaah i$i?! I am prepared to accept this responsibility.' On 
that day, I was worse off than any of them. I was suffering pain in my eyes, my 
stomach was bloated and my legs were extremely thin.'"' 1 ) 
A similar Hadith (also concerning the Da'wah (Rasulullaah SPH gave to his family 
members) has already appeared in the chapter entitled "The Da'wah Rasulullaah 
®§| gave to Large Gatherings". That Hadith has a different chain of narrators 
and is reported from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SJSSSSs. 

Rasulullaah @$&? Conveys the Da'wah of 
Islaam while Travelling 



Rasulullaah &$$? Gives Da'wah During the Hijrah 

Hadhrat Sa'd (Aslami) 3S3l3i@«> was the guide who directed Rasulullaah {jf^ through 
the Rakoobah valley. His son (Abdullaah) says, "My father informed us that 
Rasulullaah &% came to them, seeking the shortest path to Madinah.- He was 
accompanied by Hadhrat Abu Bakr tsSSffi&fc, whose daughter was then being 
suckled by a woman from our tribe* 2) ." Hadhrat Sa'd 3&3)3®& informed them, 
"They is a road along the valley of Rakoobah but there are two thieves from the 
Aslam tribe there who are called "Muhaanaan". If you wish, you could use the 
road past them." Rasulullaah W$s said, "Lead us to the road past them." 
Consequently, they took the road and when they drew close to the thieves, one of 
them said to the other, "Look at this person from Yemen!" Rasulullaah Q$8£ then 
gave them Da'wah and invited them to accept Islaam. They both became 
Muslims. When Rasulullaah &£ asked them" their names, they said tbat they 
were called "Muhaanaan" ("The two contemptible ones"). Rasulullaah W8& said 
to them, "No. You two are 'Mukramaan' ('The two honoured ones')." Rasulullaah 
W$£ then told them to join him in Madinah. The Hadith still continues after 
this. (3) 



Rasulullaah W$& Invites a Villager to Islaam while 

on a Journey 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar &%&& narrates that they were once traveling with 
Rasulullaah ®£i when a villager passed by them. As he drew close, Rasulullaah 
W§$! asked him, "Where are you off to?" "I am going home," he replied. 
Rasulullaah iHH? asked him, "Do you want to take something good with you?" 
"What is this good thing?" he asked. 

(1) Tafseeroi Ibn Katheer (Vol.3 Pg.35l). Bayhaqi and Ibn Jareer have also reported this Hadith with 
additions as mentioned in the Tafseeroi Ibn Katheer (Vol.3 Pg.350) and Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya 
(Vol.3 Pg.39). 

(2) It was customary during those times that people would send their infants to the countryside to be 
suckled. 

(3) Ahmad (Vol.4 Pg.74). Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.58) has also commented on the Hadith. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH > f&0$& : 2> (Vol-1) 131 

Rasulullaah ^i replied, "That you testify that there is none worthy of worship 
but the One Allaah and that Muhammad £S$| is Allaah's servant and Rasul." The 
villager asked, "Are there any witnesses to verify what you say?" Rasulullaah W$i? 
replied, "Yes. This tree is a witness." Rasulullaah ®Si then called the tree which 
stood at the edge of the valley. The tree ploughed through the earth as it came 
towards Rasulullaah &&. When it stood before Rasulullaah (J§P, he thrice 
asked it testify to the truth of what he said. All three times, the tree testified to 
the truth of his words and then returned to the place where it grew. 
As he returned home, the villager said to Rasulullaah (^i, "If my people follow 
me, I shall bring them all to you. Otherwise, I shall come alone and live with 
you." (1) 

Rasulullaah W$? Invites Burayda bin Khusayb and 
his Companions to Islaam during the Hijrah 

Journey 

Hadhrat Aasim Aslami Sl£®si narrates that while Rasulullaah $$$§ was 
migrating from Makkah to Madinah, Hadhrat Buraydah bin Khusayb W%&& met 
him at a place called Ghameem. When Rasulullaah WIS- invited him to accept 
Islaam, he and the approximately eighty families with him all accepted. 
Rasulullaah &S$! then led them all in the Isha salaah. (2) 

Rasulullaah {S?S Travels by Foot to 
Convey the Da'wah of Islaam 

Rasulullaah ^M Walks to Taa'if 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ja'far SSl)^®?) narrates that after his uncle Abu Taalib had 
passed away, Rasulullaah SUSS? travelled on foot to Taa'if to invite the people to 
Islaam. However, they did not accept his Da'wah and he had to return. On the 
way back, he took shade beneath a tree, performed two Rakaahs salaah and 
made the following du'aa: 

' n ' » i s H ' ' »T i' i s n ',' ' .•" ' » e i '.» ' 'i»ii ,'i- 'A "., i -"J mii 

dLi ijilast-i Jyj J-ayjl OL-ap Jjj Jyj c)l j^*^ J UijJ\y»i *1Ap ^JUj j cjUJL^H 

TRANSLATION: "O Allaah! Only to you do I communicate my weakness 
and lack of importance among people. O the most Merciful of those 



(1) Haakim as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 6 Pg.125). Haythami (Vol.8 Pg.292) has 
commented on the Hadith. 

(2) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.,4 Pg.242). 



132 THE LIVES 0F THE SAHABAH j@!&@g> (Vol-1) 

who show mercy, You are certainly the most Merciful of those who 
show mercy. To whom shall you hand me over? To an enemy who will 
treat me harshly or to a near one to whom You shall give control over 
me? If You are not angry with me, I care for nothing except that Your 
protection should be vast enough for me/ In Your Countenance by 
which multitudes of darkness are turned to light and by which the 
affairs of this world and the Aakhirah are 'remedied, I seek protection 
from being afflicted by Your wrath and displeasure. The causes of Your 
displeasure should be removed until You are pleased. There is no might 
but with Allaah." (1) 
A more detailed narration from Zuhri c3/&(&t\Zfis> shall be quoted in the chapter 
concerning the difficulties that were borne for the sake of Da'wah. 

Inviting Towards Islaam on the Battlefield 

Rasulullaah W$£ Never Fought anyone Until he 
had Invited him to Allaah 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 2gtSS@si narrates that Rasulullaah W®s would 

never fight any nation until he had already conveyed the Da\vh of Islaam to 

them. (2) 

Rasulullaah (i§i? Instructs the Muslim Battalions to First Gain People's 

Confidence and then to Invite them to islaam 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Aa'idh ©J3®e> narrates that whenever Rasulullaah 

WSUSt dispatched a battalion, he would brief them thus, "Gain the confidence of 

people and do not attack them until you have called them to Islaam. If you bring 

to me the residents of every baked and unbaked home (of every city and village) 

on earth as Muslims, it would please me more than you killing their men and 

bringing their women and children to me as captives." ' 3 * 

Rasulullaah W$£ Instructs the Commanders of 
Muslims Troops to Convey the Message of Islaam 

Hadhrat Buraydah JaSaSaSgi narrates that whenever Rasulullaah {J§5§E appointed 
someone as commander of Muslims troops, he would instruct him to fear Allaah 
with regard to his personal actions and advise him to be good towards those 
under his command. Furthermore, Rasulullaah &|8Sf would brief them with the 
following words: "When you face your Mushrik enemies, invite them to accept 
one of three options. Should they accept any of these, you may not engage them 
in battle. First invite them to accept Islaam. If they accept, you should accept 
this from them and refrain from fighting them. You should then call them to 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.35) has commented on the Hadith. 

(2) Abdur Razzaaq, Haakim, Ahmad and Tabraani as quoted in Nasbur Ra'yah (Vol.2 Pg.278). 
Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.304) has commented on the Hadith. It may also be found in Kanzul Ummaal 
(Vol.2 Pg.298) and Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.107). 

(3) Ibn Mandah and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.294). Also reported by Ibn 
Shaaheen and Baghawi as mentioned in Isaabah (Vol.3 Pg. 152) and by Tirmidhi (Vol. 1 Pg. 195). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!%$&& (Vol-iy 133 

move from their places to the home of the Muhaajireen. Inform them that if they 
do this, they shall enjoy the privileges of the Muhaajireen and will have to fulfil 
the same responsibilities that the Muhaajireen do. However, if they refuse to 
move and prefer their homes, inform them that they will fall in the category of 
the Muslim villagers. Allaah's commands that apply to all Muslims shall apply to 
them but they will have no sh£re in the spoils of war unless they fight together 
with the other Muslims. If they refuse this option, ask them to pay the Jizya. 
Should they accept this, accept it from them and refrain from fighting them. 
However, if they refuse even this, seek Allaah's assistance and fight them. If 
you lay siege to a fort and the enemy asks you to allow them to leave on Allaah's 
terms, do not allow it because you have no idea what Allaah's terms are. You 
should rather allow them to leave on your terms. You may then decide what 
the terms should be." (1) 

Rasulullaah i^ Commands Hadhrat Ali W$@& 
Not to fight until he had Invited the Enemy to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik ©IS®© narrates that Rasulullaah ^^ once dispatched 
Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib '$£}&&?> as commander of a battalion to fight a battle. 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah {^i sent a messenger with instructions to draw close to 
Hadhrat Ali W8®&?> with the message and not to call it out from a distance. The 
message was that he should not engage in battle until he had invited the enemy 
to Islaam. * 2 ) 

Hadhrat Ibn Raahway SMSiftlcwS narrates from Hadhrat Ali JSOSffiSgi that Rasulullaah 
$$$! once sent him somewhere (as commander of a battalion). Rasulullaah <H^ 
then instructed another person thus, "Join up (with Hadhrat Ali Jjs3!2®gi) and 
without calling him from behind, tell him that Nabi (S^i commands you to wait 
for him and that you should not fight anyone until you have invited them to 
accept Islaam. < 3 > 

Hadhrat Ali 5§H2<@8> has also mentioned that when Rasulullaah {icH? sent him, he 
said, "Never fight a nation until you have invited them to accept Islaam." * 4) 
The narration of Hadhrat Sahl bin Sa'd ©!*©*£ as reported by Bukhari and others 
has already passed in which Rasulullaah £IS1 said to Hadhrat Ali JsJISffiSs! during 
the Battle of Khaybar, "March at a moderate pace until you reach their field. Then 
invite them to accept Islaam, explaining to them the rights due to Allaah that are 
compulsory for them to fulfil. By Allaah! If Allaah uses you to guide even a 
single person, it is better for you than red camels." 



(1) Abu Dawood (Pg.358), Muslim (Vol.2 Pg.82), Ibn Majah (Pg.210), Bayhaqi (Vol. 9 Pg.184). as 
mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.297), it is also reported by Ahmad, Shaafi'ee, Daarmi, 
Tahaawi, Ibn Hibbaan, Ibnul Jaarood, Ibn Abi Shayba and others. 

(2) Tabraani in his Awsat. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.305) has commented on the Hadith. 

(3) Kanzul Ummaal ' (Vol.2 Pg.297) 

(4) Abdur Razzaaq as quoted in Nasbur Ra'yah (Vol.2 Pg.378) 



134 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jUSm&P (Vol-D 

Rasulullaah W$Ss Commands Hadhrat Farwa 
Ghutayfi @JS@gi to Convey the Da'wah of Islaam 

Hadhrat Farwa bin Musayk (Ghutayfi) WHZ$& narrates that he came to 
Rasulullaah {JSS and asked, "Should I not take those of my people who have 
progressed (accepted Islaam) to fight those of' them who have retrogressed (not 
accepted Islaam)?" Rasulullaah <jf@i replied, *Why not?" Hadhrat Farwa WMa!&$ 
says, "I then had an afterthought and said, 'No (I shall be unable to fight them) 
for they are the people of Saba and are extremely powerful and strong. However, 
Rasulullaah {£!$§ still made me the commander and instructed me to wage war 
against them. When I had left, Allaah sent revelation to Rasulullaah (Jiif concerning 
the people of Saba. He then said, "Where is the Ghutayfi person?" When 
Rasulullaah &li# sent someone to my home, I had already left. The man sent me 
back and I appeared before Rasulullaah (S§Sf. When I came to Rasulullaah (H^, I 
found him sitting with the Sahabah i@)3®e> around him. Rasulullaah ®p said to 
me, 'Invite the people to Islaam. Receive those who accept but do not be hasty to 
do anything to those who do not accept until you hear from me.'" 
Someone then asked, "O Rasulullaah &S$f ! What is Saba? Is it a place or a 
woman?" Rasulullaah W$Ss replied, "Saba was neither a place nor a woman. He 
was an Arab who had ten sons. Six of them settled in Yemen and the other 
four settled in Shaam. Those who settled in Shaam were Laghm, Judhaam, 
Ghassaan and Aamila. Those who settled in Yemen were Azd, Kindah, Himyar, 
Ash'ariyyoon, Anmaar and Madh'hij." The Sahabi W&&9 then asked, "O 
Rasulullaah &SH! Who are the Anmaar?" Rasulullaah ^i replied, "The 
Anmaar are those who have amongst them the Khath'am and Bajeelah 
tribes." (1) 

Hadhrat Farwa Wi%>&?> narrates that he came to Rasulullaah &j$i? and asked, 
"Should I not take those of my people who have progressed (accepted Islaam) to 
fight those of them who have retrogressed (not accepted Islaam)?" Rasulullaah 
W$£ replied, "Yes. Use those who have progressed to fight those who have 
retrogressed." When Hadhrat Farwa ©!3s©e> was leaving, Rasulullaah ®$| called 
him back and said, "Do not fight them until you have invited them to accept 
Islaam." 

Hadhrat Farwa SDSS&' then asked, "O Rasulullaah (JiHl Tell me about Saba. Was 
it a valley, a mountain or what?" Rasulullaah {£j$g£ replied, "No. He was an Arab 
who had ten sons." The Hadith continues after this. * 2) 

Rasulullaah '& : M Instructs Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Sa'eed SJ3@je> to Convey the Da'wah when he was 

sent to Yemen 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed 5i3!3@»ei reports that when Rasulullaah £S$I dispatched 

(1) ibn Sa'd, Ahmad, Abu Dawood and Tirmidhi (Vol.2_Pg.l54). Tabraani and Haakim have classified 
the Hadith as "Hasan "as reported in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.260). 

(2) The Tafseeroi Ibn Katheer (Vol.3 Pg.531) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$$8S&, (Vol-D 135 

him to Yemen, Rasulullaah t&M said to him, "If you hear the Adhaan being called 
out among any nation you meet, leave them alone. However, if you pass a nation 
and hear no Adhaan from them, you should invite them to Islaam."' 1 ' 

Rasulullaah @H^£ Frees Captives who had not been 
i Invited to Islaam 

Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka'b WHs^> narrates that when some captives from Laat and 
Uzza were brought before Rasulullaah {USUI, he asked (the Muslims who captured 
them), "Did you invite them to accept Islaam?" When they submitted that they 
had not, Rasulullaah @13gi asked the captives, "Did they invite you to accept 
Islaam?" When they confirmed that no Da'wah was given to them, Rasulullaah 
{Jill instructed, "Freethemsothattheymayreach their place of safety." Thereafter, 
Rasulullaah &JH- recited the following two extracts of the Qur'aan: 

£»j-.j Aify ui\ J\ kb j G^j £r**j '^ ^^ u l ^ W/ 

(n <io vlp - * 5 " hy*> \V< 'j*** 
O Nabi £$$%. We have certainly sent you as a witness (who will bear 
testimony against the Kuffaar of all nations on the Day ofQiyaamah), a 
carrier of good news, a warner and as a caller to Allaah by His 
command and an illuminating lantern. {Surah Ahzaab, verses 45,46} 

"This Qur'aan has been revealed to me so that I may warn you with it as 

well as (to warn) those whom it reaches (after you). Do you 

(Mushrikeen) really bear witness that there are other gods with Allaah?" 

Say (to them O Rasulullaah {SS$i;, "I bear no such witness." Say, "He 

(Allaah) is but One Ilaah and I am certainly innocent of that (the idols) 

which you associate with Him (I openly express my aversion to all types 

of Shirk)." {Surah An'aam, verse 19} (2) 

Another narration states that when Rasulullaah 8i$f dispatched a battalion to 

the vicinity where the idols Laat and Uzza stood, they attacked an Arab tribe 

living there and captured the soldiers and their families. The captives (when 

brought before Rasulullaah &M) said, "O Rasulullaah i$§! They attacked us 

without inviting us to Islaam." When Rasulullaah &it questioned the battalion 

about this, they confirmed that it was true. Rasulullaah <£%§£ then said to them, 

"Allow them to return to their place of safety and then invite them to 

lslaam. ,,(3) 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.307) has commented on the Hadith. 

(2)Bayhaqi(Vol.9Pg.l07). 

(3) Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 2Pg.297). 



136 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH^ $S£i®e> (Vol-1) 

/r s g ' s^ flir t y " " " _ ' ' " " " " "' " " " '""' 

Rasulullaah W^ Dispatches Individuals 
to give Da'wah 

Rasulullaah Si Sends Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 

!iM to Madinaji 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr i&H2i@e> narrates that wrjen the Ansaar heard what 
Rasulullaah %j$i£s had to say, became convinced and completely satisfied with his 
message, they believed in him and professed their Imaan. They therefore became 
one of the vehicles of good (for mankind at large) and returned to their people 
after promising to meet Rasulullaah W$i the following Hajj season. They then 
sent a message to Rasulullaah t&M requesting him to send someone to them 
who would call people towards the Book of Allaah because this would cause 
people to accept more readily. 

Rasulullaah (i^ therefore sent Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 5i3j3@e», who 
belonged to the Banu Abdud Daar tribe. He stayed among the Banu Ghanam tribe 
with Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah $&\%$s6. There he taught them the sayings of 
Rasulullaah (JS$I and recited the Qur'aan to them. Later on, Hadhrat Mus'ab bin 
Umayr W&&6 continued his Da'wah while staying with Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh 
SS2®«. Allaah guided people at his hands until there was scarcely a home of the 
Ansaar that did not have Muslims in it. Even the leaders of the Ansaar accepted 
Islaam, including Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh J&t|2@£i. The idols of the Ansaar were 
broken and Hadhrat Mus'ab'bin Umayr J§3!Si@gS returned to Rasulullaah %$$• with 
the title of "Al Muqri" ("The Mentor") . ( l ) 

Hadhrat Urwa 3Siffis@e> has also narrated another lengthy report in which he 
mentions how Rasulullaah W$£ presented the Da'wah of Islaam to the Ansaar. 
This will Insha Allaah be quoted in the chapter discussing the condition of the 
Ansaar $&&&$ at the beginning. In this report, Hadhrat Urwa 3Sil£®s> mentions 
that when the Ansaar returned to Madinah (after meeting Rasulullaah ®S§ during 
the Hajj season) and started calling people to Islaam secretly. They informed the 
people about Rasulullaah ®i?, about the teachings Allaah had sent with him and 
called them towards the Qur'aan. Eventually there was scarcely a home among 
the Ansaar that did not have Muslims. They then sent a message to Rasulullaah 
(JS5SI requesting him to send someone to them who would call people towards 
the Book of Allaah because this would cause people to accept more readily. 
Rasulullaah iSSi? therefore sent Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr JsDiSffiSg, who 
belonged to the Banu Abdud Daar tribe. He stayed among the Banu Ghanam 
tribe with Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah 5&!|£®s>. There he started calling people to 
Islaam, spreading Islaam and increasing its adherents. This he did in secrecy. 
Hadhrat Urwa JS51as@e> proceeds further to mention the Da'wah Hadhrat Mus'ab 
bin Umayr 5£}!3s@ei gave to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh WGS8&& and how he became 
a Muslim, followed -by.the conversion of the entire Banu Abdil Ash'hal to Islaam. 
This will Insha Alaah be mentioned in the chapter discussing the Da'wah of 
(1) Abu Nu'aym (Vol.1 Pg.107). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&2> (Vol-1) 137 

Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 5£!12@g>. 

Thereafter, the Banu Najjaar tribe pressurised Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 
SUSP's host Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah 5g3)^@«i and Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 
ig31*@e> was forced to stay with Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh W&&&. There he 
continued his Da'wah and Allaph guided people at his hands until there was 
scarcely a home of the Ansaar that did not have Muslims in it. Even the leaders of 
the Ansaar accepted Islaam, including Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh W&S&j. The idols 
of the Ansaar were even broken. The Muslims became dominant in Madinah and 
their affairs ran smoothly. Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr S3J£®i5 later returned to 
Rasulullaah £i£f with the title of "Al Muqri" ("The Mentor") . ( ' > 
Another narration states that the Ansaar sent Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Afraa 5£!!3®e> 
and Hadhrat Raafi bin Maalik ©S@s> to Rasulullaah £|$| to send someone to 
them who would call people towards the Book of Allaah because this would 
cause people to accept more readily. Rasulullaah {£!§§ therefore sent Hadhrat 
Mus'ab bin Umayr 5§3!3@&. The rest of the narration is similar to the one above.' 2 ' 

Rasulullaah £H! Dispatches Hadhrat Abu 
Umaamah &$$& to his People the Baahilah tribe 

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah W&$&i> narrates that Rasulullaah ifcif sent him to 
invite his people to Allaah and to present the injunctions of Islaam to them. 

When he arrived, his people had already watered their camels, milked them and 
drunk the milk. When they saw him, they exclaimed, "Welcome O Suday bin 
Ajlaan' 3 *! We heard that you have defected to that man." He replied, "I have rather 
believed in Allaah and His Rasool &S$| and Rasulullaah (Jfli has sent me to 
present Islaam and its injunctions to you." As they spoke, a platter of food was 
brought and placed before them. As they gathered around the platter to eat, they 
said, "Come and join us, O Suday!" He responded by saying, "Shame on you! I 
have just come to you from someone who forbids this sort of food save for those 
animals that you slaughter." They asked, "What has he to say?" Hadhrat Abu 
Umaamah igSaffiSei told them that the following verse had been revealed in this 
regard: 

ajLscLjIj <o <UJ1 ^1*1 (L»\ L»j jJjistM ^oJtij >ojJ!j ~aj1«S\ j&Az <^j>j>- § 
iw^aJI (J 1p pi Uj *-* ^9-4^-iU ^!j £*~JI Ji"l Uj sbel^J'j <L}}jZ*1\j Siy^Jlj 

Forbidden for you (for you to eat) is Mayta' 4 ', blood (that flows from an 



(1) Tabraani and Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (Pg.108). Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.42) has commented on the 
Hadith. 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya {Vol. 1 Pg. 107) narrating from Zuhri 3t2fflliS5 

(3) This was his real name. Abu Umaamah was his pet name. 

(4) Although commonly translated as "carrion", the Arabic word "Mayta" refers to the meat of animals 
that die without being slaughtered in the name of Allaah as well as the meat of a limb that is 
removed from a living animal. The only lawful things that can be eaten without slaughtering are 
fish and locusts. 



138 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH flaUEftSig) (Vol-1) 

animal's body), the meat of pigs, (the meat of) those animals that were 

sacrificed with (the slaughterer taking) the name of another besides 

Allaah, those (animals) that were strangled to death (that suffocated to 

death or drowned), those that were beaten to death (died through 

injuries), those that fell to their deaths, those k/lled by collision (either 

by impact or after being gored by another animal) and those eaten by 

wild beasts; except that which you slaughter '(Therefore, if an animal 

suffers any of the above injuries but dies only after being properly 

slaughtered, the animals meat will be Halaal). (Also forbidden for you 

are; What (that animal which) has been slaughtered at the altars (in the 

name of gods besides Allaah) and distribution by arrows' 1 '. {Surah 

Maa'idah, verse 3} 

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah J§3!3s@ei says that as he invited them towards Islaam, they 

kept rejecting. He then said to them, "Shame on you! At least give me some water 

for I am extremely thirsty." They responded by saying, "No! We shall not give you 

any water but would rather leave you to die thirsty." He then tied his turban 

around his head and lay down on the scorching sand. He narrates, "When I fell 

asleep, I saw a person come to me with a crystal glass so beautiful as no one 

had" ever seen. In the glass was a drink that no one has ever tasted a drink as 

delicious. He gave the glass to me and I drank from it. I woke up as soon as I 

had finished drinking and I swear by Allaah that after that I had never been 

thirsty nor even known what thirst is." ^ 

A shorter version of this narration reported by Abu Ya'la states at the end that 
someone from Hadhrat Abu Umaamah SSBssSUsi's tribe said to the others, "One of 
your leaders has come to you and you could not even honour him!" The people 
then brought some milk for him to drink, but he said, "I have no need for it 
now." He then (narrated the dream to them and) showed them his (full) 
stomach. Every one of them then accepted Islaam. A narration of Bayhaqi in 
Dalaa'il states that Hadhrat Abu Umaamah &SS5i&t> was sent to his tribe who 
were the Baahila tribe. (3) 

Rasulullaah &£? Sends a Person to the Banu Sa'd 

tribe 

Hadhrat Ahnaf bin Qais W&&& narrates that he was once performing Tawaaf 
around the Kabah when a man from the Banu Layth tribe grabbed hold of his 
hand saying, "Shall I not give you glad tidings?" When Hadhrat Ahnaf bin Qais 
JSK»S(S!« asked to be informed, the person said, "Do you not remember the time 
when Rasulullaah QMJUt sent me to invite your tribe to Islaam? When I presented 
Islaam to them and invited them to accept, you said to me, You are inviting us 



(1) The Mushrikeen Arabs used to predict future events using special arrows and also used such 
arrows in a form of gambling. 

(2) Tabraani as well as Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaai{Vo\.7 Pg.94). Haythami (Vol. 9 
Pg.387) has commented on the Hadith. 

(3) lsaaba (Vol.2 Pg.182). The Hadith is reported by Tabraani and Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.641). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jSB)S$M?g> (Vol-1). 139 

towards something excellent. You are instructing us with a good thing and 
Rasulullaah f^eSi? is certainly calling towards something of great merit.' When 
Rasulullaah fSSi? heard about this, he said, 'O Allaah! Forgive Ahnaf.'" It was on 
account of this that Hadhrat Ahnaf Jg!.li5®§would always say, "I have more hope 
in this (du'aa of Rasulullaah Qsfflfflt) than any good act that I have carried out." (1) 
Imaam Ahmad and Tabraani $ave reported this Hadith thus: "Rasulullaah &!$$!• 
sent me to covney the message of Islaam to your tribe the Banu Sa'd. It was you 
who said, "Rasulullaah {^^ speaks only good" or (you said) "What I am hearing 
is only good". When I returned and informed Rasulullaah {^i? about what you 
said, he prayed thus, 'O Allaah! Forgive Ahnaf." It was on account of this that 
Hadhrat Ahnaf S3.©@8> would always say, "I have more hope in this (du'aa of 
Rasulullaah £|$|) than any good act that I have carried out." * 2 ' 

Rasulullaah WM sends a Person to a Man who was 
Influential during the Period of Ignorance 

Hadhrat Anas S!3@S> narrates that Rasulullaah ®il once sent one of the 
Sahabah $&£%$£& to give Da'wah to a person who was influential during the 
Period of Ignorance. The person asked, "What is your Rabb towards whom you 
call made of? Is he made of iron? Is he made of copper? Is he made of silver? Is 
he made of gold?" When the Sahabi S3S5®se> reported back to Rasulullaah {£$$!§, 
Rasulullaah $IM> sent him back (to repeat the invitation). However, the person 
repeated his remark. When the Sahabi $&&&?> reported back to Rasulullaah QHffi$£ 
the second time, Rasulullaah QS$§ sent him back for the third time. However, the 
person repeated his remark yet again. When the Sahabi W$$&t> again reported to 
Rasulullaah £§!$?, Rasulullaah &|$§ said, "Allaah has struck your friend with a 
bolt of lightning that incinerated him." It was then that the following verse was 
revealed: 

II ' 'll "*» 1 ''' £ Ml .'»-!•'»» , 'iT yi > ''•' J > >'■ ' t' s „ J , >*'\ 

(\r :Sfij)\ Sjj-0 \%^) 

Allaah sends the bolts of lightning to strike whoever He wills while they 
are disputing about Allaah. Allaah is fiercely Powerful. {Surah Ra'd, verse 

13}< 3 > 

A report of Bazzaar states that the person was one of the tyrannical Arab leaders 
and that the Sahabi SlJ2®s said, "O Rasulullaah (S^i! He is more tyrannical than 
Fir'oun. This version of the report states that the Sahabi 3g!H25@$ was still busy 
inviting the person to Islaam for the third time when Allaah sent a cloud above 
him that started to rumble with thunder. A bolt of lightning then emerged from 
the cloud and decapitated the man. * 4 ' 



(1) Ibn Abi Aasim and Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.614). 

(2) Haythami (Vol.10 Pg.2) has commented on the Hadith. 

(3) Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol.7 Pg.42) has mentioned that Abu Ya'la and Bazzaar have both quoted this 
narration. 

(4) Tabraani has also reported a similar narration in his Awsat. 



140 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH 'j0$$i&J (Vol- 1) 

-„.. j ss^ aa nr tr-r-i— n -« m i... I.. .M . — — ■■■■ i n i ^_ ^ —M—M|M . M- m „ ,,, i. M i „|. , M ^ i ^ i nn 

The narration of Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed W03&9 has already passed in the 
chapter entitled "Inviting Towards Islaam on the Battlefield". In that narration, he 
mentions that when Rasulullaah %M§ dispatched him to Yemen, Rasulullaah 
(JSP said to him, "If you hear the Adhaan being called out among any nation you 
meet, leave them alone. However, if you pass a nation/and hear no Adhaan from 
them, you should invite them to Islaam." ? 

Insha Allaah, the narration shall soon be mentioned in which Rasulullaah £|$| 
dispatched Hadhrat Amr bin Murra 3a)!3®9 to give Da'wah to his people. 

Rasulullaah &£ Dispatches Groups to Give Da'wah 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar 3S»2@e> narrates that Rasulullaah $$$§ once 
summoned Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf SS2@£5 and said to him, "Prepare 
yourself because I want to send you out with a group." After some detail, the 
Hadith continues to mention that Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf 3p2Sa!gi left 
and met up with the some other Sahabah (8S.t2®!sg>. They all then left together until 
they reached a place called Dowmatul Jandal (this was a fortress between 
Madinah and Shaam to which several villages were attached). 
When he arrived there, Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf JS3.t2@ss> spent three 
days inviting the people to accept Islaam. On the third day, their leader Asbagh 
bin Amr Kalbi S!3®e> who was a Christian accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Abdur 
Rahmaan bin Auf ©!3@8> sent a letter with a person from the Juhayna tribe called 
Raafi bin Makeeth ©)3®sJ, reporting the events to him. Rasulullaah $$$£ wrote 
back to him with the instruction to marry the daughter of Asbagh. He therefore 
married her. This daughter of Asbagh was called Tumaadir from whom Hadhrat 
Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf W&M& had a son called Abu Salma. (1) 

Rasulullaah Si Sends Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 
Wffi$fg> to Banu Baliy to Encourage the people to 

Accept Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan Tameemi 2s3!2®g> narrates that Rasulullaah (J^i sent 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas out 5!3!3®s> to encourage the Arabs to accept Islaam. 
Rasulullaah #$§ sent him to the Banu Baliy tribe because the mother of Aas bin 
Waa'il (his father) was from this tribe and he would be able to identify with 
them. When he reached a watering place called Salaasil (by which the Battle of 
Salaasil got its name) which was situated in the territory of the Judhaam, he 
sensed danger and sent a message for Rasulullaah t£M? to dispatch 
reinforcements to assist him. Rasulullaah W^ then sent a battalion of the early 
Muhaajireen under the leadership of Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah JiSSSSiSi. 
Among this battalion were the likes of Hadhrat Abu Bakr SB2@« and Hadhrat 
Urridr JSD3i®§>. The Hadith continues further and will Insha Allaah be mentioned 
in the chapter concerning the appointment of leaders. * 2 ' 

(1) Daar Qutni as quoted in Isaabah (Vol.1 Pg.108). 

(2) lbn Is'haaq as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.273). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-1) 141 

Rasulullaah W^ Dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed W&®$& to Yemen 

Hadhrat Baraa bin Aazib 5j§J!3ffi!8S narrates that he was among the group that 
Rasulullaah £Hi dispatched to Yemen under the leadership of Hadhrat Khaalid 
bin Waleed &&$$& to invite the people of Yemen to Islaam. They stayed there for 
six months but no one was ', prepared to accept Islaam. Thereafter, Rasulullaah 
W$£ sent Hadhrat Ali 5D£$aSgi with instructions to relieve Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed JSJiSsSSg) and to send him back with.his men except those who preferred 
to remain behind with Hadhrat Ali Sil£®s>. 

Hadhrat Baraa bin Aazib 5SB2j@gi narrates that he was one of those who remained 
behind with Hadhrat Ali S3J*®si. When Hadhrat Ali &$%&£ and the Muslims drew 
close to the people of Yemen, they also marched forward to meet the Muslims. 
Hadhrat Ali W&&*> then stepped forward and led the Muslims in salaah. 
Thereafter, he formed the Muslims into a single row, stepped forward in front of 
the Muslims and read ouf the letter that Rasulullaah {^i had written. In 
response to this, the entire Hamdaan tribe accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Ali ©12@g> 
then wrote to Rasulullaah f^$| to inform him that the Hamdaan tribe had 
accepted Islaam. When Rasulullaah 0S§ read the letter, he fell into Sajdah and 
then lifted his head and prayed, "Peace be to the Hamdaan! Peace be to the 
Hamdaan!" (1) 



Rasulullaah Wm Dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed W&$&& to Najraan 

Ibn Is'haaq narrates that Rasulullaah ijcii once dispatched Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed *I3.t£®s> to Najraan with instructions to invite the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b to 
Islaam for three days before engaging them in battle. Rasulullaah £|$| told him 
that if the people accept Islaam, he should accept it from them, otherwise he 
should commence battle proceedings. Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 3§3l£®!sg> left 
Madinah and when he arrived in Najraan, he sent riders in every direction to 
meet the people and invite them to Islaam saying, "O people! Acept Islaam and 
remain in peace." Consequently, all the people accepted Islaam and entered the 
Deen they had been invited towards. Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed ^USSSS© stayed 
with the people to teach them Islaam, the Qur'aan and the Sunnah of 
Rasulullaah W$£ according to the directives that Rasulullaah ilcji? had given to 
him in the event that the people accepted Islaam without fighting. Hadhrat 
Khaalid bin Waleed SIli@sS the wrote the following letter Rasulullaah (icJi: 

The Letter Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W$m® Sent 



to Rasulullaah 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind, the Most Merciful 
To Muhammad the Nabi and Rasool of Allaah ^$1 



(1) Bayhaqi. Bukhari has also narrated it in brief as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.105 
Pg.5). 



142 THE LIVES 0F THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 

From Khaalid bin Waleed 

May peace be to you, O Rasulullaah &$$j> and the mercy and blessings 
of Allaah. Before you, I praise Allaah besides Whom there is none 
worthy of worship. 

Rasool of Allaah - may Allaah shower His special mercies on you - 
you sent me to the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b tribe with instructions to 
invite them to Islaam for three days without engaging them in battle. 
Your instructions were that I accept from them their conversion to 
Islaam, after which I should teach them the injunctions of Islaam, the 
Qur'aan and the Sunnah of Allaah's Nabi. Had they not accepted Islaam, 

1 was to engage in battle with them. 

When I arrived, I invited them to Islaam for three days according to the 
instructions of Allaah's Rasool %MH and sent riders among them 
saying, 'O Banu Haarith! Accept Islaam and live in peace." They all 
accepted Islaam without a fight and I am presently among them 
instructing them with that which Allaah has instructed and forbidding 
them from that which had forbidden them. I shall be teaching them the 
injunctions of Islaam and the Sunnah of Allaah's Nabi {^^ until the 
Rasool of Allaah f$M writes back to me (with fresh instructions). 
May peace be to you, O Rasulullaah {^^? and the mercy and blessings 
of Allaah. 

Rasulullaah QUffiHi sent the following reply to Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed *£)$©>£: 

The Letter that Rasulullaah WHHg sent in reply to 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed *sA$ 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind, the Most Merciful 
From Muhammad the Nabi and Rasool of Allaah i ^M 
To Khaalid bin Waleed 

May peace be to you. Before you, I praise Allaah besides Whom there is 
none worthy of worship. Your letter sent with your messenger has 
reached me with the news that the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b tribe had 
surrendered without a fight and that they accepted the Islaam that you 
X invited them towards. Your letter also informed me (about the excellent 

news) that they all testify that there is none worthy of worship but 
Allaah and that Muhammad (Jiil is Allaah's servant and Rasul and that 
Allaah has guided them by His guidance. You should give them glad 
tidings (of Jannah) and warn them (against Jahannam). 
Return (to Madinah) together with a delegation from them. 
May peace be to you as well as the mercy and blessings of Allaah. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$£> (Vol-1) 143 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed ^U2®e5 Returns to 
Rasulullaah W$s with a Delegation of the Banu 

Haarith 

(After receiving the letter from Rasulullaah (SSI) Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 
Jpas©© returned to Rasulullaah ^^accompanied by a delegation from the Banu 
Haarith bin Ka'b tribe. When Rasulullaah (H^i saw them arriving (in Madinah), he 
said, "Who are these people who resemble the people of India?" Someone said, 
"They are the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b tribe." 

When they arrived in the presence of Rasulullaah @1?, they greeted him and 
said, "We testify that you are Allaah's Rasul and that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah." Rasulullaah &^ said, "I also testify that there is none 
worthy of worship but Allaah and that I am Allaah's Rasul." Addressing them 
further, Rasulullaah ®S§ asked, "Are you the people who came forward (accepted 
Islaam) when you were admonished?" They all remained silent without offering a 
reply. Rasulullaah ®S§ repeated the question a second and third time and still 
no one replied. When Rasulullaah {J5jj®§ repeated the question the fourth time, 
Hadhrat Yazeed bin Abdil Madaan JbJI^SBS© said, "Yes, O Rasulullaah (£j$i?! It was 
us who came forward when we were admonished." He repeated the reply four 
times. 

Thereafter Rasulullaah <&M said, "If Khaalid had not written to me with the news 
that you had accepted Islaam without a fight, I would have cast your heads 
beneath your feet." Hadhrat Yazeed bin Abdil Madaan WOffi&D said, "By Allaah! 
(When we accepted Islaam) We neither praised you nor Khaalid." "Who then did 
you praise?" asked Rasulullaah (H^. The reply was, "We' praised Allaah Who used 
you to guide us, O Rasulullaah ®1?!" Rasulullaah ®i? said, "You are quite 
right." Thereafter, Rasulullaah %$@$° asked them, "How were you able to defeat 
your enemies during the Period of Ignorance?" They said, "We were unable to 
defeat our enemies." "Why not!" Rasulullaah gjjSHii exclaimed, "You were certainly 
victorious over those whom you fought." They said, "O Rasulullaah fi^Sl! We 
would defeat our enemies because we remained united without breaking into 
factions and never oppressed anyone." Rasulullaah @i? said, "You have spoken 
the truth." Rasulullaah Q0$ij& then appointed Hadhrat Qais bin Husayn 5s)!2s@si as 
their leader. ^ 



Rasulullaah W$s Calls people towards Fulfilling the 

Faraa'idh of Islaam 

Rasulullaah &M invites Hadhrat Jareer JsSSSsSs towards Imaan, Reciting the 
Shahaadah and fulfilling the Faraa'idh 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah W&&& narrates that Rasulullaah W®£ once sent for 
him and (when he arrived) said to him, "O Jareer! What brings you here?" "I have 
come to accept Islaam at your hands, O Rasulullaah {^i!" came the. reply. 



(1) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 5 Pg.98) as well as Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.660). 



144 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j@,£%£g> (Vol-1) 

Rasulullaah ^i then threw his shawl over Hadhrat Jareer S.l^®si and turned to 
the Sahabah %&03&& and said, "Give due honour to the noble members of a 
community when they come to you." Rasulullaah {JSsHi? then said, "O Jareer! I call 
you to testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah, that I am Allaah's 
Rasul, that you believe in Allaah, in the Last Day, ^n the predestination of all good 
and evil, that you perform Fardh salaah and that you pay the Fardh zakaah." 
Hadhrat Jareer W&&& says that he complied with all of this and Rasulullaah 
%Mii° never failed to smile with him each time he saw him. ^ 

Rasulullaah %Ms Teaches Hadhrat Mu'aadh SJ£@s> 

how to Call people towards the Faraa'idh of Islaam 

as he Leaves for Yemen 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 5£3i2®!se> narrates that when Rasulullaah {£j$Sf sent 
Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Jabal *§fia@si to Yemen, he said to him, "You will certainly 
meet people from the Ahlul Kitaab. When you come to them, invite them to testify 
that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad {£i$j§ is 
Allaah's Rasul. If they obey you in this, inform them that Allaah has made Fardh 
for them the five salaah during each day and night. If they obey you in this, 
inform them that Allaah has made Fardh for them zakaah that is taken from the 
wealthy amongst them and given to the poor amongst them, if they obey you in 
this, abstain from taking the best of their wealth (as zakaah) and beware of the 
curses of the oppressed because there is no barrier between it and Allaah." * 2 ' 

Rasulullaah (£Hi Calls Hadhrat Howshab Dhi Dhulaym 

Ji!82@*g> towards Fulfilling the Faraa'idh of Islaam 

Hadhrat Howshab Dhi Dhulaym 3S!li®gS narrates that when Allaah granted 
dominance to Rasulullaah {J§i§, he sent a letter with Abd Sharr and a band of 
forty horsemen to Rasulullaah ^M. When they arrived in Madinah, Abd Sharr 
asked, "Which of you is Muhammad?" When someone pointed Rasulullaah W$i 
out to him, he asked "What have you brought to us? I am willing to follow you if 
it is good." Rasulullaah &SH said to him, "You should establish salaah, pay 
zakaah, safeguard the blood of people, enjoin good and forbid from evil." Abd 
Sharr, "This is fine indeed. Stretch out your hands so that I may pledge my 
allegiance to you." Rasulullaah ^H§ then asked him what his name was. When 
he replied that it was Abd Sharr (servant of evil), Rasulullaah QggtB said, "No, you 
are rather Abd Khayr (servant of good)." Rasulullaah i£$f then accepted his 
pledge of allegiance to Islaam and replied to the letter of Hadhrat Howshab Dhi 
Dhulaym Sl2@g>, who then also accepted Imaan. ^ 

(1) Bayhaqi as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 5 Pg.78). A similar report is narrated from 
Hadhrat Jareer JaSSS®® in Tabraani and Abu Nu'aym as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg. 1 9). 

(2) Bukhari and others as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.100). 

(3) Abu Nu'aym as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.325). The narration is also reported by Ibn 
Mandah and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.84) as well as by Ibnus Sakan as 
mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.382). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH f$3i&&& (Vol-1) 145 

Rasulullaah gfP Calls the Abd Qais Delegation 
towards Fulfilling the Faraa'idh of Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas WH%R&$ narrates that when a delegation from the 
Abd Qais tribe met Rasulullaah W$£, he said to them, "Welcome to people who 
shall suffer neither remorse nor humiliation (in both worlds because they had 
accepted Islaam willingly)." Tf\ey said, "O Rasulullaah (JiHl The Mushrikeen tribe 
of Mudhar (who are famous war-mongers) live between yourself (Madinah) and 
us. We are therefore able to meet you only during one of the sacred months 
(during which they do not fight). We request you to inform us of something 
excellent that will lead us to Jannah when we carry it out and towards which we 
may call our people who have remained behind." 

Rasulullaah £i$| said to them, "I command you to do four things and forbid you 
from four things. (The things that I command you to do are) To believe in Allaah 
by testifying that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah, to establish salaah, 
to payzakaah, to fast during the month of Ramadhaan and (an additional thing 
is) to pay one third of the spoils of war (to the public treasury). I forbid you from 
the following four things: From the drinks brewed in utensils made from marrow, 
utensils made from hollowed trunks, utensils that are oiled and green in colour 
and utensils covered in tar (therefore the drinks brewed in all these utensils 
cannot be consumed because they become intoxicating)." ^ Another narration' 2 ' 
mentions that Rasulullaah (£S$| added, "Always bear this in mind and convey the 
message to those of your people who remained behind." 

The Hadith of Hadhrat Alqama W&ffl&j Concerning 

the Reality of Imaan, Giving Da'wah towards 

Imaan and the Faraa'idh 

Hadhrat Alqama SlSSei narrates that he was one of seven people from his tribe 
who came to meet Rasulullaah £!§$•. Rasulullaah {JS$| replied to their greeting 
and when they spoke to him, he liked what they said. Rasulullaah ^^ asked 
them, "What are you?" "We are Mu'mineen," they replied. Rasulullaah (Jf$i? said, 
"Every statement has a reality (to substantiate it). What is the reality of your 
Imaan?" They replied, "Fifteen attributes (prove the existence of our Imaan). Five 
are those that you have commanded us to do, five are those that your 
, messengers have commanded us to do and five are those that we have adopted 
from the Period of Ignorance and are still practising until now unless you forbid 
us from them O Rasulullaah {J§$|. 

Rasulullaah 8i8$f asked, "What are the five that I have commanded you to do?" 
They replied, "You have commanded us to believe in Allaah, in His angels, His 
books, His Ambiyaa and in the predestination of all good and evil." Rasulullaah 
asked, "What are the five that my messengers have commanded you to do?" 



(1) Bukhari, as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.46). 

(2) Tayaalisi. 



146 THE LIVES 0F mE SAHABAH $9mi$>g> (Vol-D 

They replied, "Your messengers have commanded us to testify that there is none 
worthy of worship but the One Allaah Who has no partners and that you are 
Allaah's servant and Rasul. Furthermore, they instructed us to establish the 
obligatory salaah, to pay the obligatory zakaah, to fast during the month of 
Ramadhaan and to perform Hajj to the Kabah should we have the ability to do 
so." 

Rasulullaah &% asked, "And what are the attributes that you have adopted 
during the Period of Ignorance?" They replied, "Expressing gratitude when 
enjoying good fortune, exercising patience when experiencing difficulty, speaking 
the truth during occasions of confrontation, being happy with the decrees of fate 
and not expressing pleasure when an enemy is afflicted by calamity." (Addressing 
the Sahabah $§S2i!8Sgi,) Rasulullaah gjjSP exclaimed, "Intellectuals and 
well-cultured people! Their manners are close to those of the Ambiyaa because 
they are so excellent." 

Rasulullaah l &M then smiled with them and said, "I shall advise you with 
another five attributes so that Allaah may complete your excellent attributes. 
Never store that which you cannot eat, never build that which you cannot live in, 
never compete to achieve that which you shall have to leave behind tomorrow, 
fear that Allaah to Whom you shall have to go &nd before Whom you shall be 
gathered and concern yourselves with that towards which you are heading and 
where you shall live forever." < !) \ 

Hadhrat Suwayd bin Haarith WSSSS&s narrates that he was one of seven person 
who met Rasulullaah W$£ as a delegation. When they arrived in his presence and 
spoke to him, he was impressed by their mannerisms and appearance. 
Rasulullaah {JS^i asked them, "What are you?" They replied, "Mu'mineen." 
Rasulullaah ^2$f said, "Every statement has^a reality (to substantiate it). What is 
the reality of your Imaan?" They replied, "Fifteen attributes (prove the existence of 
our Imaan). Five are those that your messengers have commanded us to believe 
in, five are those that your messengers have commanded us to carry out and five 
are those that we have adopted from the Period of Ignorance and are still 
practising until now unless you dislike them (in which case we are prepared to 
forsake them)..." The rest of the Hadith is similar to the one mentioned above 
except that in place of "predestination of all good and evil", he mentioned, 
"resurrection after death" and instead of "not expressing pleasure when an enemy 
is afflicted by calamity", he said, "steadfastness when enemies rejoice at our 
misfortunes." 

A Hadith has already passed earlier in which an unnamed person from the 
Baladawiyyah tribe narrates the following conversation between his grandfather 
and Rasulullaah W&: I asked, "To what are you calling people?" "I am calling 



(1) Haakim as quoted in Kanzul Ummaa\ (Vol.1 Pg.69). Abu Sa'eed Nayshapoori has also reported the 
narration in Sharful Mustafa from Hadhrat Alqama bin Haarith SJSSsSe. Askari and Rashaati have 
also reported the narration but from Hadhrat Suwayd bin Haarith JsS2®S5. This is the more famous 
narration as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.98). Abu Nu'aym has also rented the narration in 
Hilya (Vol.9 Pg.279). — 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$S$$g> (Vol-lh 147 



the servants of Allaah to Allaah," Rasulullaah spi? responded. "What have you 
to say?" I asked further. He said, "That you should testify that there is none 
worthy of worship but Allaah, that Muhammad is the Rasul of Allaah, that you 
believe in everything revealed to me, that you renounce Laat and Uzza and that 
you establish Salaah and pay Z&kaah." "What is Zakaah?" I asked. "Wealth that 
our rich give to our poor," c$ime the reply. I responded by saying, "These are 
excellent things you are calling towards." 

Rasulullaah %$£§ Sends Letters to Various Kings and others, calling them 
Towards Allaah and Towards Accepting Islaam 

Rasulullaah (|2$l Dispatches the Sahabah $&&$&£ to Faraway places and 
Encourages them to give Da'wah and not to Fall into Disputes 
Hadhrat Miswar bin Makhrama *gJS^@^ narrates that Rasulullaah £|$| once came 
to the Sahabah &9!3<@8> and said, "Allaah has sent me as a mercy to all of 
mankind. Execute this responsibility on my behalf and Allaah shall shower you 
with mercy. Hadhrat Isa $$& also placed a similar request to his disciples (to 
propagate the message far and wide) so do not fall into disputes as they fell into 
disputes before him. Those of them who were sent to far places disliked it (while 
only those sent nearby were prepared to do as asked) so Hadhrat Isa $!$& 
prayed to Allaah about this. The next day, Allaah made each one of them speak 
the language of the people to whom he had been sent (to propagate the religion). 
Hadhrat Isa <$|&yp then addressed them saying, "Allaah has made this task 
incumbent on you, so ensure that you carry it out." 

The Sahabah 8S!i5s©g) said, "O Rasulullaah iP$l! We shall certainly execute the 
responsibility on your behalf so send us wherever you like. Rasulullaah (^i 
then sent Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Hudhafa 3S8*s@s> to Kisra (the Emperor of 
Persia) while Hadhrat Saleet bin Amr was sent to Howdha bin Ali the chief of 
Yamamah, Hadhrat Alaa bin Hadhrami W>&&?> was sent to Mundhir bin Saawa 
the chief* of Hajar and Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas W^&9 was sent to Jayfar and 
Abbaad the two sons of Julunda who both ruled over Ammaan. In addition to 
these messengers, Hadhrat Dihya Kalbi 5£5«@*gi was sent to the Caesar 
(Emperor of Rome), Hadhrat Shuja bin Wahab Asadi J&ilSSlS) was sent to 
Mundhir bin Haarith bin Abi Shimar Ghassaani and Hadhrat Amr bin Umayyah 
phamri *§3!£®g> was sent to Najaashi (the King of Abyssinia). 
All of these messengers returned before the death of Rasulullaah WM? except 
Hadhrat Alaa bin Hadhrami S3J2®« who was still in Bahrain when Rasulullaah 
®i passed away. (1) 

Historians have mentioned that Rasulullaah W*M> also sent Hadhrat Muhaajir bin 
Abi Ummayyah W(%&2 to Haarith bin Abd Kulaal while Hadhrat Jareer S12@8> 
was sent to Dhul Kulaa, Hadhrat Saa'ib *?$2@ss> was sent to Musalama and 
Hadhrat Haatib bin Abi Balta'ah was sent to Maqowqis (the king of Egypt). (2) 
Hadhrat Anas W@HM> narrates that before his death, Rasulullaah W$£ sent letters 



(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg.306) has commented on the Hadith. 

(2) Fat'hul Baari (Vol.8 Pg.89). 



148 mE LIVE S 0F THE SAHABAH |tS!*S®^5 (Vol-1) 

to emperors of Persia, Rome and Abyssinia as well as to every dictatorial leader, 
inviting them towards Allaah The Glorious and Magnificent. The king of Abyssinia 
referred to here was not the one (who accepted Islaam and) for whom 
Rasulullaah W®& led the funeral prayer. (1) 

Hadhrat Jaabir JeS2®g narrates that before his^ death Rasulullaah W@& sent 
letters to the Emperors of Persia and Rome and to every other dictatorial 
leader. (2) 

The Letter Rasulullaah Si sent to Najaashi the 

King of Abyssinia 

With reference to Hadhrat Ja'far bin Abi Taalib W$&?> and other Sahabah 8@!is®!ss> 
(who had migrated to Abyssinia), Rasulullaah ®i? sent the following letter with 
Hadhrat Amr bin Umayyah Dhamri S82@g> to Najaashi: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind, the Most Merciful 

From Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah {^i 

To Najaashi As'ham the king of Abyssinia 

Peace be to you. Before you I praise Allaah the Supreme Sovereign, 

Most Pure, Giver of peace and Protector. I testify that Isa $§!&£ was the 

spirit that Allaah created and His word that He cast to the chaste, pure 

and innocent Maryam. She bore Isa W&& whom Allaah created from 

the spirit and breath from Him just as Allaah created Aa^am %§&& by 

His hand and breath from Him. 

I call you towards the One Allaah Who has no partner and to dutifully 

obey Him. I invite you to follow me, to believe in me and in that which I 

have brought because I am the Rasul of Allaah. I have sent my cousin 

Ja'far to you together with a group of Muslims. When they arrive, do 

treat them as your guests without arrogance. 

I invite you and your forces to (the worship of) the Glorious and 

Magnificent Allaah. I have conveyed my message, given you good 

counsel so do accept my counsel. 

Peace be on the one who follows the guidance. 

The Letter of Reply that Najaashi sent to 
Rasulullaah W&£ 

Najaashi sent the following letter in reply to Rasulullaah %$$&: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind, the Most Merciful 
To Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah i 
From Najaashi As'ham bin Abjar 



(1) Muslim, as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.262). 

(2) Ahmad; Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.305) has commented on the Hadith. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&$&& (Vol-i) - 149 

May the peace from Allaah, His mercy and blessings be showered on 
you, O Nabi of Allaah. There is none worthy of worship but He Who has 
guided me to rslaam. 

Rasulullaah WH&, your letter concerning Isa $!&£ has reached me. 1 
swear by the Rabb of the heavens and the earth that Isa $Hfelc himself 
never said more than what you have mentioned. We understand the 
letter you have sent to us and we have entertained your cousin and his 
companions. 

1 testify that you are the true and accepted Rasul of Allaah. I have 
pledged my allegiance to you at the hands of your cousin by whose 
hand I have accepted Islaam for the pleasure of Allaah the Rabb of the 
universe. 1 am sending to you (my son) Areeha bin As'ham bin Abjar. 

I have control over none but my own self. O Rasulullaah (iSsi! If you 
wish that I come to you personally, I am prepared to do so for I testify 
that whatever you say is the absolute truth. ^ 

The Letter Rasulullaah {H$SI sent to Heraclius the 

Emperor of Rome 

Hadhrat Dihya Kalbi 3£I13®& narrates that Rasulullaah (JiSjJi sent him with a letter 
to the Emperor of Rome. When he arrived there and handed over the letter, the 
emperor's nephew who was a blue-eyed boy with a reddish complexion and 
straight hair was' present with him. When he opened the Tetter, he read, "Front 
Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah to Heraclius the Roman leader." When he read 
this much, the Emperor's nephew snorted loudly and exclaimed, "This cannot be 
read today!" "Why not?" asked the Emperor. His nephew replied, "Because he 
started the letter with his name and wrote 'the Roman leader' instead of 'the 
Emperor of Rome.'" The Emperor instructed, "You shall definitely read it!" 
When the letter had been read and the people dispersed from the Emperor's 
court, he summoned Hadhrat Dihya J£312!©# and also sent for the high priest who 
was his special advisor. The people had informed the high priest about what had 
happened and the Emper'or also informed him and had the letter read out to him. 
The high priest said, "He (Rasulullaah (HSU) is the one whom we have been 
waiting for and about whom Isa %$$> had foretold." The Emperor asked him, 
"What do you advise me to do?" The high priest said, "As for myself, I certainly 
believe him. and shall follow him." The Emperor said, "As for myself, I shall lose 
my kingship if I do so." Thereafter, everyone left the Emperor's court. 
The Emperor then sent for Abu Sufyaan who happened to be there at the time (for 
trade). The Emperor asked Abu Sufyaan, "Tell me about this person who has 
appeared in your land. How is he?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "He is a young man." The 
Emperor asked further, "What is his pedigree arrtongst you?" Abu Sufyaan replied, 
"He enjoys a pedigree that none can surpass." The Emperor said, "This is a sure 



(1) Bayhaqi from Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.83). 



150 ; THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$$& (Vol-1) 

sign of prophethood. How is his honesty?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "He has never 
spoken a lie." The Emperor observed, "This is a sure sign of prophethood." He 
then asked, "Tell me about those of your people who have joined with him. Have 
any of them returned to you?" "None," came the reply. The Emperor again 
remarked, "This is a sure sign of prophethood. Is heaver defeated when he leads 
his companions to battle?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "His people have done battle 
with him. Sometimes they have defeated him and at other times he had defeated 
them." The Emperor said, "This is a sure sign of prophethood." He then sent for 
Hadhrat Dihya ©USSSgi and said to him, "Tell your leader that although I know 
well that he is a prophet, I cannot forsake my kingship." 
Hadhrat Dihya WHs^ narrates further that the people used to gather before the 
high priest every Sunday when he would deliver lectures to them and advise 
them. However, when Sunday came, he did not go out to meet the people and 
remained in his home until the following Sunday. Hadhrat Dihya 5SHS@s> says 
that he used to meet with the high priest who would speak to him and ask him 
many questions. When the next Sunday came, the people again awaited his 
arrival. However, he did not meet them with the pretext of being ill. This he did 
for several Sundays until the people eventually delivered the ultimatum and sent 
a message to him stating, 'You will come to us otherwise we shall come to you 
andkillyou.Wehavenoted the change in your attitude since the Arab has arrived." 
The high priest then said to Hadhrat Dihya 5S3!2s@ss>, "Take this letter to your 
leader. Greet him on my behalf and inform him that I testify that there is none 
worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad f£jj$iJi is Allaah's Rasul. I 
believe in Rasulullaah W$£, accept what he says and follow him but my people 
dislike this. Also inform him about what you have seen." He then went to meet 
the people and they killed him. (1) 

Some scholars of Hadith have narrated that Heraclius said to Hadhrat Dihya 
iMs&s>, "O dear! I swear by Allaah that I know that your leader is the sent 
prophet and that he is the one we have been waiting for and who is described in 
our scriptures. However, I fear that the Romans will take my life. Were it not for 
this fear, I would have certainly followed him. Go to the high priest Daghaatir 
and tell him about your leader for he is higher than me in status and more 
influential in Rome. When Hadhrat Dihya WH3I&6 approached the high priest and 
informed him of matters, he said, "I swear by Allaah that your leader is a sent 
prophet. We recognise him by his description and his name." 
The high priest then entered (his rooms), removed his clothing and wore white 
clothing. He then went out to meet the Roman people and testified to the true 
Shahaadah. They immediately attacked him and killed him. (2) 

(1) Bazzaar, Haythami (Vol.8 Pgs.236,237) has commented on the Hadith. Tabraani has also narrates a 
similar report from Hadhrat Dihya ©BSB8S. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.306) has commented on this 
narration. Abu Nu'aym has also narrated a similar Hadith in Dalaa'il(?g.\2\), which is more brief. 
A more detailed narration like this has been reported by Abdaan bin Muhammad Marwazi from 
Abdullaah bin Shaddaad. 

(2) Abdaan from Ibn Is'haaq. Yahya bin Sa'eed Umawi has narrated a similar report in his Maghaaz as 
did Tabari who narrates from Ibn Is'haaq as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.216). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $SJi3@!*e> (Vol-1) . 151 

— " — W '• — ■ ' — — H i- i ■ ■ . .. — i II -— ■ i— .1 . 1 . ■ ; — i i n ii i i 

Sa'eed bin Abi Raashid narrates that it was in Hims that he once saw the man 
from the Tanookh tribe whom Heraclius had sent to Rasulullaah &§ as an 
envpy. The man was. his neighbour and had was extremely old, close to death. 
Sa'eed bin Abi Raashid asked the man, "Will you not tell me about the letter that 
Heraclius- sent to Rasulullaah (S® and the letter that Rasulullaah §M§ sent to 
Heraclius." He readily agreed and'related that Rasulullaah QSzM was in Tabook 
when he sent Hadhrat Dihya %&$$*%> to Heraclius. When the letter of Rasulullaah 
{^^ reached Heraclius, he summoned all the priests and learned scholars of 
Rome to; his court and had all the doors locked. He then addressed them saying, 
"This person has reached the place you see (Tabook) and has sent to me a letter 
with three options. He invites me to (1) follow him in his religion, (2) to pay him 
our wealth (Jizya) in which case we keep our land or (3) to prepare for battle. By 
Allaah! You know from what you have read in the scriptures that he shall 
definitely take the land from beneath my feet. Come! Let us follow him in his 
religion or give him part of our wealth to keep our land." 
(When those present heard this) They snorted simultaneously like the snort of a 
single person and threw down their hats shouting, "Are you proposing that we 
forsake Christianity and become the slaves of a villager from Hijaaz?!" When 
Heraclius sensed that they would incite a rebellion among the citizens if they left 
(in that condition), he added, Heraclius "I have said this only to test your 
steadfastness in your religion." 

Thereafter, Heraclius sent for a person from the Tujayb tribe who had been the 
leader of the Arab. Christians and said to him, "Get me someone with a good 
memory who speaks Arabic so that I may send him to that man (Rasulullaah 
(liS!) with a reply to his letter." (The narrator of this report from the Tanookh 
tribe) says that it was he who was sent to Heraclius, who handed over to him a 
letter inscribed on the sternum of an animal. Heraclius then said to the man, 
"Take this letter to that person and from everything you hear him say, take 
careful note of three things. See whether he mentions anything about the letter 
that he wrote to me. See whether he mentions the night when reading my 
letter and look carefully at his back to see for anything that puts you in 
doubt." 

The envoy carried the letter to Rasulullaah {S^i in Tabook and found 
Rasulullaah 2ii$§ sitting with the Sahabah $&&!$&?> near a watering place. When 
he asked for their leader, one of the Sahabah $BX%&& pointed Rasulullaah (JSSI 
out to him. The envoy walked up to Rasulullaah (Ji$$!?, sat before him and handed 
over the letter to him. Placing the letter in his lap, Rasulullaah ^S asked the 
man, "Which tribe do you belong to?" When he identified himself as a member of 
the Tanookh tribe, Rasulullaah fS$i asked him, "Do you wish to enter into the 
religion of your father Ibraheem $$$&, which is far removed .from all deviation 
and is securely on the straight path?" The envoy replied, "I am an envoy for a 
nation and follow their religion, I shall not leave their religion until I first return 
to them." 



152 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH k $&&&2> (Vol-1) 

Rasulullaah ^§ then recited the following verse of the Qur'aan: 

Verily you f<3 Rasulullaah $$$s) cannot guide those whom you love (to 



Islaam), but Allaah guides whoever He wills. He is best aware of those 
who are (deserving to be) rightly guided (to Imaan). {Surah Qasas, verse 
56} 
Rasulullaah {JSH then said, "O my brother from the Tanookh! I have sent a letter 
to Najaashi (1) but he tore it up. Allaah shall therefore tear him and his kingdom 
apart likewise. I also wrote a letter to your leader (Heraclius) who held on to the 
letter (without tearing it up). Therefore, as long as good is destined in his life, 
people shall continue living in awe of him." The envoy narrates that he said to 
himself, "This is one of the three things that Heraclius instructed me to take note 
of." He therefore removed an arrow from his quiver and etched the words on his 
sheath. Rasulullaah ^§ then handed over the letter to someone on his left hand 
side, to which the envoy asked, "Who is your scribe who reads your letters?" 
"Mu'aawiya," came the reply. The letter contained the following: 
"Do you invite me to a Jannah the width of which spans the heavens and the 
earth, which has been prepared for those who have Taqwa? (If the Jannah 
occupies all this space) then where is the fire?" 

Rasulullaah &M exclaimed, "Subhaanallaah! Then where is the night when the 
day appears?" Taking an arrow from his quiver, the envoy etched these words on 
his sheath. After reading the letter, Rasulullaah &$!& said to the envoy, "You are 
an envoy and have a right over us. If we had anything with us, we would surely 
have rewarded you with it, but we are travellers whose provisions have been 
depleted." Then someone amongst a group called out, "I shall reward him." He 
then opened his satchel and brought a set of clothing from Safoora (a place in 
Jordan), which he placed in the envoy's lap. When the envoy asked who the 
donor of the clothing was, he was told that it was Hadhrat Uthmaan t&GWH. 
Continuing the report, the envoy says, "Thereafter, Rasulullaah ffl$i asked the 
Sahabah W$88», 'Who shall entertain the envoy?' A youth from the Ansaar 
volunteered for the job and stood up. I stood up with him. When I was leaving 
the gathering, Rasulullaah W®£ called me back saying, '0 brother from the 
Tanookh!' I hastened back until I stood in the very place where I had been sitting 
before him. Rasulullaah £83$ then removed the shawl from his back and said, 
'Here! Come over and do what you have been ordered.' I went around to his 
back and saw the seal of prophethood between his shoulder blades, which 
resembled the egg of a dove." (2) 



(1) Not the Najaashi (king of Abyssinia) who accepted Islaam. 

(2) Abdullaah bin Ahmad and Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol.8 Pg.235,236) has commented on the Hadith. 
Ahmad has also reported the Hadith as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.15). Ya'qoob 
bin Sufyaan has also reported it as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.6 Pg.27). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jtBi^®^ (Vol- 1 ) - 153 

Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan SN*@?e> and Heraclius 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 5£))£@s> narrates that Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan *|313@g> 
told him that he went to Shaam with a trade caravan of the Quraysh during the 
period when Rasulullaah (£|$| had extended a peace treaty to Abu Sufyaan and 
the Kuffaar of the Quraysh. When they were at a place called Ilyia (Baytul 
Maqdas) when Heraclius summoned them. When they appeared in his court in 
the presence of the Roman ministers, Heraclius called for an interpreter. 
Heraclius then asked, "Which of you is closest in lineage to the person who clams 
to be a prophet?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "I am closest to him in lineage." Heraclius 
then ordered that Abu Sufyaan be brought close to him while the others should 
be made to sit behind him. He then addressed the others through the interpreter 
saying, "I shall ask this man about that person (Rasulullaah ®i?). Point out his 
lies if he lies to me." Abu Sufyaan thought to himself, "By Allaah! I would have 
certainly lied had I not feared being called a liar." 

The first question Heraclius posed was: "How is his lineage amongst you?" "He is 
of extremely high lineage amongst us," was the reply. Heraclius asked further, 
"Has anyone from amongst you made such a claim before?" When Abu Sufyaan 
replied in the negative, the next question was, "Were there any kings amongst his 
forefathers?" "No," replied Abu Sufyaan. "Is it the nobles among people who 
follow him or the weak ones?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "The weak ones." 
"Ate his followers increasing or decreasing?" Heraclius asked. "They are 
increasing," replied Abu Sufyaan. Heraclius then asked,. "Have any of them turned 
back to their religion out of displeasure for his religion after entering it?" When 
Abu Sufyaan' replied in the negative, the next question was, "Have any of you 
accused him of lying before he made his claim?" "No," came the reply. "And has 
he ever broken a treaty?" came the question. "No," replied Abu Sufyaan, "But we 
are presently bound by a treaty with him and do not know what he will do." Abu 
Sufyaan says, "Besides this, there was nothing else I could add." 
Heraclius continued, "Have you ever fought against him?" "Yes," replied Abu 
Sufyaan. "Then how did you fare?" the emperor asked. Abu Sufyaan said, "Wars 
are like the bucket of a well between us. Sometimes he defeats us and sometimes 
we defeat him." Heraclius asked, "What does he command you to do?" "He 
commands us to worship the One Allaah without ascribing partners to Him and 
to forsake what our forefathers said. He also commands us to perform salaah, to 
be truthful, to remain chaste and to join family ties." 

Heraclius then instructed the interpreter saying, "Tell him that when I asked 
about his (Rasulullaah &|$l's) lineage, he maintained that he is of extremely high 
lineage. Such are the prophets who are of high birth. Then I asked you if anyone 
had made such a claim (of prophethood) before him and you replied in the 
negative. Had anyone made such a claim before him, I would have said that he is 
a man aping what was said before him. You again replied in the negative when I 
asked whether, any of his forefathers were kings. Had there been kings amongst 
his forefathers, I would have said that he is a man seeking the kingdom of his 



154 : THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH f83wN2>S) (Vol-1) 

father. Then I asked you whether any of you had ever accused him of lying before 
and you said that none had done so. I do realise that it is impossible for a person 
to abstain from lying about people and then lie about Allaah. I then asked you 
whether it is the nobles among people who follow him or the weak and you 
replied that they were the weak ones. These hav^e always been the followers of 
the prophets. I also asked you whether his followers are increasing or decreasing 
and you said that they were increasing. Such is the case with Imaan until it is 
completed. Thereafter I asked you Whether anyone had returned to his former 
religion out of displeasure after entering into his religion and you informed me 
that none had done so. Such is the condition of Imaan when it penetrates the 
depths of the heart. When I asked you whether he ever broke a treaty, you said 
that he had not. Such are the prophets. They never break their pledges. I then 
asked you what he commanded and you said that he commanded you to worship 
the One Allaah without ascribing partners to Him, that he forbade you from 
worshipping idols and that he commanded you to perform salaah, to speak the 
truth and to remain chaste. If whatever you say is true then he shall seize control 
of the ground I stand on. Although I was expecting his appearance, I had no idea 
that he would appear among you people. If I knew that I could reach him, I 
would have burdened myself to do so and had I been in his presence, I would 
have washed his feet." 

He then called for the letter that Rasulullaah Qj$$ii sent with Hadhrat Dihya 
*gPs@e> to the chief of Busra, which the chief of Busra has subsequently 
forwarded to Heraclius. The letter read: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind, the Most Merciful 
From Muhammad the servant and Rasool of Allaah %j$$$s 
To Heraclius the Emperor of Rome 
Peace be on the one who follows the guidance. 
I call you with the invitation of Islaam. Accept Islaam, you will live in 
peace and Allaah shall double your reward. However, should you turn 
your back, the sin of all your subjects shall be burdened on you. 

4j j^Ij % ili\ i\ j&S i *J&& &* S- &? Jh #G3 J^ji ji!5 ji) 

Oy>x~j> lib ijJu^il \yyb Yyy O" <*-*->' OJ* J* VVJ' \*o*4 v ~&*J J£*i» aj &*& 



Say, "O People of the Book! Come to (unite on) a word (a matter of 
belief) that is common between us (Muslims) and You; that we worship 
none other but Allaah (we proclaim that we are Muslims and 
monotheists), that we do not ascribe any as equal (as partner) to Him 
and that we do not take each other as gods besides Allaah (we do not 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (Q£$Mg> (Vol-J) 155 

worship any prophet, saint, etc)." If they turn away (refusing to accept 
the proposal) then say, "Be witness that we are certainly Muslims (we 
have surrendered ourselves toAllaah's commands)." ^ 

Abu Sufyaan narrates furtherf, "After Heraclius had spoken and read the letter, 
there was a lot of noise about and people started speaking at the top of their 
voices. It was then that they. sent us out. When we were sent out, I said to one of 
my companions, 'The affair of Ibn Abi Kabsha (Rasulullaah i &M) has grown so 
powerful that even the king of the yellow skins (the Romans) have begun to fear 
him.' Thereafter, I remained convinced that Rasulullaah {HSHi would dominate 
until Allaah blessed me with Islaam." 

A person by the name of Ibn Naatoor was the governor of Ilyia, a good friend of 
Heraclius and the high priest of the Christians in Shaam. He narrates that once 
when Heraclius was visiting Ilyia (Baytul Maqdas) when he appeared extremely 
unwell and restless one morning. In fact, some of his pastors even told him that 
he did not seem himself. Heraclius was an astrologer and could read the stars so 
when they asked him (about the reason for his ill disposition) he said to them, 
"When I gazed into the stars, I saw that the king of the circumcised people had 
made his appearance. Which nation practices circumcision?" They told him, "it 
is only the Jews who practise circumcision, but you have nothing to fear from 
them. Simply circulate a command throughout your kingdom calling for all Jews 
to be killed." 

They were still busy discussing this when an envoy arrived from the governor of 
Ghassaan, informing them about Rasulullaah W$£. When Heraclius had 
questioned the envoy, he instructed the pastors to investigate whether the envoy 
was circumcised. When they determined that he had been circumcised, he was 
asked whether the Arabs practiced circumcision. When he informed them that 
circumcision was customary amongst the Arabs, Heraclius said, "It is the king of 
this nation who has made his appearance." Heraclius then wrote a letter to a 
friend in Rome who was also an expert in astrology as he was. He then left for 
Hims. He had not yet reached Hims when a reply came from his friend which 
corresponded with the opinion of Heraclius that Rasulullaah ®P had made his 
appearance and that he was a Nabi. 

Heraclius then invited the leading people of Rome to his castle in Hims and had 
all the doors locked. He then made an appearance and addressed them saying, 
"O leaders of the Roman people! Do you want to achieve success, good fortune 
and keep your kingdom? Simply follow this Nabi." When they heard this, 
everyone present started to flee like wild camels and headed for the doors, which 
they found locked. When Heraclius noticed their derision and lost hope in their 
accepting Imaan, he instructed his men to bring everyone back. He then said to 
them, "I told you this only to test your steadfastness in adhering to your religion. 
I have now witnessed it." They all prostrated before him and were satisfied with 



(1) Surah Aal Imraan, verse 64. 



156 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jQ»%Msg> (Vol-l) 

him. This was the final stand of Heraclius (he never accepted Imaan) ^ 

The Letter Rasulullaah &M sent to Kisra the 
Emperor of Persia 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas IS*®?) narrates that Rasulullaah (S^? sent a 
messenger with a letter addressed to Kisra, instructing the messenger to hand 
the letter over to the governor of Bahrain. The governor in turn had it sent to 
Kisra. However, Kisra tore the letter up and it was probably Ibn Musayyib who 
narrates that Rasulullaah ®$| cursed Kisra by saying that Allaah should also tear 
him apart completely. ^ 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Abd Qaari JsSS®®' narrates that Rasulullaah &iii 
stood on the pulpit one-day to deliver a sermon. After praising Allaah, and 
reciting the Shahaadah, he said, "I intend sending some of you to the non-Arab 
kings so do not dispute before me as the Bani Israa'eel did in front of Isa the son 
of Maryam $§!&£." To this, the Muhaajireen said, "O Rasulullaah &Hl! We shall 
never ever dispute with you concerning anything. Issue the command and send 
us (wherever you wish)." 

Rasulullaah (£Hi then sent Hadhrat Shujaa bin Wahab to Kisra. (When he 
arrived) Kisra had his palace decorated and gathered the leading personalities of 
his kingdom there before admitting Hadhrat Shujaa W&&£. When Hadhrat 
Shujaa *S©(@jg) entered, Kisra ordered that the letter of Rasulullaah %!®tj§ should 
be taken from Hadhrat Shujaa ©!2®^5 and handed over to him. However, 
Hadhrat Shujaa W$&$ refused to surrender the letter and insisted that he 
wanted to personally hand the letter to Kisra as Rasulullaah ^§ had 
commanded him. Kisra permitted him to draw close and when he did, he handed 
the letter over. Kisra then summoned one of his scribes from Heera who read the 
letter out. The letter read: "From Muhammad bin Abdillaah the Rasool of Allaah 
to Kisra the Emperor of- Persia." 

The fact that Rasulullaah ffll$j begun the letter with his name infuriated Kisra so 
much that he tore the letter to bits before being informed of what it contained. 
He then ordered Hadhrat Shujaa WiS&z out of his court. Mounting his 
conveyance, Hadhrat Shujaa \&$/®S& said, "By Allaah! Now that I have delivered 
the letter of Rasulullaah ®i, I have no concern about which of the two paths I 
am on (whether Kisra is pleased or not)." 

When Kisra's anger had abated, he sent someone to call Hadhrat Shujaa 5£3!S®# 
back, but Hadhrat Shujaa ©IS®© had already left by then. The person searched 
for him until he reached Heera but Hadhrat Shujaa JSI,I2®J5 was already far ahead. 
When Hadhrat Shujaa &8&& reported back Rasulullaah && and informed him 

(1) Bukhari. Imaam Bukhari SiS&liSS has narrates this incident in several places in his Saheeh in 
different words. The other authors of the six most authentic Hadith compilations with the 
exception of Ibn Majah have also reported this narration from Zuhri 3ffi&lc£s5 who in turn narrates 
from Abaydullaah bin Abdullaah bin utba bin Mas'ood from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas SMSffiSS 
- AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.266). ibn Is'haaq has also narrated from Zuhri cWiI4Sb> as 
mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.262). Also narrating from Zuhri Sffi&l&Si are Abu 
Nu'aym in Dalaa'A (Pg.l 19) and Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg. 178). 

(2) Bukhari. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (@!*@*g> (Vol-1) 157 



that Kisra had torn up the letter, Rasulullaah (ssi? commented, "Kisra has torn 
up his kingdom." (1) 

Abu Salam bin Abdir Rahmaan *Ul£®gi narrates that after the letter of Rasulullaah 
{^1§ had reached Kisra and he read it and tore it up, he wrote to Baadhaan the 
governor of Yemen instructing, ."Sent two burly men to this man in Hijaaz with 
instructions to bring him to me." In compliance with the letter, Baadhaan sent 
his chief minister Abaanuh in the company of a Persian man called Jadd 
jameerah. Abaanuh was a man proficient in Persian letters and numbers. 
Baadhaan sent a letter with them to Rasulullaah W$°, instructing Rasulullaah 
%M§ to leave for the court of Kisra with the two of them. Baadhaan also 
instructed his chief minister to scrutinise Rasulullaah f£Hi, to engage him in 
discussion and to report the details back to him. 

The two left and finally reached Taa'if where they made enquiries about 
Rasulullaah ®i? from some businessmen of the Quraysh. They were informed 
that Rasulullaah &$• was in Madinah. (Realising that the two men were out to 
take Rasulullaah {^Jf to Kisra,) The businessmen became overjoyed and 
exclaimed, "Now that Kisra has stood up against him (Rasulullaah ®i?), we have 
nothing more to do." 

When the two reached Madinah, Abaanuh spoke to Rasulullaah {£!$§ and said to 
him, "Kisra has written to Baadhaan with instructions to send someone to take 
you before him. He has sent me so that you come with me." Rasulullaah ®1!? 
said to him, "You may leave now and return to see me tomorrow." When the two 
arrived the next day, Rasulullaah W®£ informed them of the precise night of a 
particular month in which Allaah has killed Kisra and handed the kingdom 
over to his son Sherway. The two men said, "Do you know what you are saying? 
May we write back to Baadhaan with this news?" "Certainly," replied Rasulullaah 
®i§, "and tell him that if he accepts islaam, I shall hand back to him control of 
all the lands he presently rules." Rasulullaah (ic$f then gave Jadd Jameerah a belt 
decorated with gold and silver that had been given to him as a gift. 
When the two returned to Yemen and informed Baadhaan about the events, he - 
said, "This is not the speech of some king. We should definitely investigate the 
truth of what he said." They did not have to wait long before they received a letter 
from Sherway which after the formalities stated, "With the support of the Persian 
people, I have killed Kisra in a fit of fury because he saw nothing wrong in killing 
Persian nobles for no reason. Secure allegiance to me from all the people in 
Yemen and ensure that you cause no harm to the person (Rasulullaah (S3i?) 
whom Kisra ordered you to capture." 

After reading the letter of Sherway, Baadhaan said, "This man (Rasulullaah 
(^?) must, certainly be a Rasul." He then accepted Islaam and so did all the 
Persians living in Yemen. ^ 

(1) AIBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.269). 

(2) Abu Sa'eed Nayshapuri in his book Sharaful Mustafa where he narrates from Ibn. Is'haaq who 
narrates form Zuhri. Abu Nu'aym has also narrated it in Dalaa'il where the name Kharkhusra is 
mentioned in place of "Jadd Jameerah" while his companion is also named as Abaanuh - Isaaba 
(Vol.1 Pg.259). 



158 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W2ffii®S& (Vol-l) 

Ibn Is'haaq narrates that Rasulullaah W$£ sent Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa 
JS8«@g) with a letter addressed to Kisra in which Rasulullaah {§§§1 invited him to 
accept Islaam. When he read the letter, he tore it up and wrote to Baadhaan his 
governor in Yemen. The rest of the Hadith is similar to the one above. However, 
this narration states that when the two men reached Madinah, Baadhaan spoke 
to Rasulullaah {SSi? and told him, "indeed the king of all kings Kisra wrote to the 
governor Baadhaan instructing him to send someone to him who would bring 
you to him. If you comply {by going to Kisra), I shall send a letter with you that 
will benefit you. However, if you refuse, Kisra shall destroy you and your people 
and turn your land into ruins." Rasulullaah (£!$£ said to him, "You may leave and 
return tomorrow." The rest of the Hadith is similar to the one above. (1) 
Hadhrat Zaid bin Abi Habeeb narrates that Rasulullaah Q$$i sent Hadhrat 
Abdullah bin Hudhaafa %£&$%> with a letter for Kisra bin Hurmuz who was the 
Emperor of Persia. The letter read: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful 

From Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah &$% 

To Kisra the Emperor of Persia 

Peace be on the one who follows- the guidance, who believes in Allaah 

and His Rasool and who testifies that there is none worthy of worship 

but the One Allaah Who has no partners and that Muhammad ®H is 

Allaah's servant and Rasul. 

I call you with the invitation of Allaah for I am the Rasul of All&ah to all 

of mankind who warns the living so that the decree (of punishment) 

becomes binding on the disbelievers. If you accept Islaam, you shall 

live in peace and if you refuse, then the sin of the fire-worshippers shall 

be on you. 

Kisra tore up the letter when he read it and wrote to Baadhaan. The rest of the 

Hadith is as mentioned earlier from the narration of Ibn Is'haaq. However, this 

report adds that when the two men entered the presence of Rasulullaah W$£, 

their faces were shaven off and their moustaches were grown very long. 

Rasulullaah (S$i? therefore detested even looking at them and said, "Woe to you! 

Who instructed you to do this?" Referring to Kisra, they said, "Our Rabb 

commanded us to do this." Rasulullaah 0$l said to them, "My Rabb has 

commanded me to let my beard grow and to trim my moustache." (2) 

Hadhrat Abu Bakrah 3g!12j@e> narrates that when Rasulullaah ^M was sent to 

propagate the message, Kisra sent a message to his governor over Yemen and the 

surrounding areas of Arabia, who was called Baadaam. He stated in his letter, "It 

has reached me that a person has surfaced in your district who claims to be a 

Nabi. Tell him to stop what he is doing otherwise I shall send an army that will 

i 

(1) Ibn Abi Dunya in Dalaa'ilun Nabuwwah. He also narrates it very briefly from Sa'eed Maqbari as 
mentioned in Isaaba (Vol. 1 Pg. 1 69) . 

(2) Ibn Jareer as quoted in Ai Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.269). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) , 159 

kill him and his people." 

When Baadaam's envoy conveyed the message to Rasulullaah ^i, Rasulullaah 
(JSSI said to him, "Had this (propagation) been something that I am doing of my 
own accord, I shall be able to stop it. However, the Glorious and Magnificent 
Allaah has sent me (to do it). "/The envoy stayed awhile and Rasulullaah fieil 
once said to him, "My Rabb has killed Kisra and there is no Kisra after this day. 
My Rabb has also killed Caesar and there is no Caesar after this day." The envoy 
wrote down the statement the moment Rasulullaah &S$!» said it, during the day 
iri which he said it and during the month in which he said it. When he returned to 
Baadaan, he found out that Kisra had already died and that the Caesar has been 
killed. (1) 

Hadhrat Dihya Kalbi S3!^®ei narrates that Rasulullaah (Jill sent him with a letter 
addressed to the Caesar. The Hadith is similar to that mentioned under the 
heading "The Letter Rasulullaah >S^ sent to Heraclius th.e Emperor of Rome". 
However, at the end of this narration of Bazzaar, it is stated that when Hadhrat 
Dihya UsS&t&t) returned to Rasulullaah &ii!, he found envoys of the San'aa 
governors with Rasulullaah &%. They had sent their envoys to Rasulullaah >&M 
because Kisra had written a threat to the governor of Sa'aa instructing him to 
deal with the person from his region (Rasulullaah (Ji$!) who had written to Kisra 
saying that he should either embrace his religion or pay jizya. Kisra threatened 
the governor with death and other stern measures if he failed in his task. It was 
in response to this that the governor of San'aa sent the twenty five persons whom 
Hadhrat Dihya W&8&2 found with Rasulullaah W&: 

When their leader read out the letter to Rasulullaah (£!§§§, (he gave them no reply) 
and left them for fifteen nights. When the fifteen nights had passed, they came 
before him and when he saw them, he said, "Go to your governor and inform him 
that my Rabb has killed his lord (Kisra) this night." When they returned and 
informed the governor likewise, he said to them, "Take note of that night." He 
then asked them, "Tell me how you found him?" They replied, "We have not seen 
a king as blessed as he. He walks about freely without any fear, dresses most 
simply, has no bodyguards and no one raises their voice before him." Hadhrat 
Dihya iSUS®*© mentioned that the news later came that Kisra was killed on the 
very night that Rasulullaah i$i? has mentioned. * 2 ' 

The Letter Rasulullaah g|3p£ sent to Maqoqis the 
King of Alexandria 

Hadhrat Abdullah bin Abd Qaari 3£31^©e> narrates that Rasulullaah (i^? sent 
Hadhrat Haatib bin Abi Balta'ah 3S3)i5<@g> with a letter addressed to Maqoqis the 
king of Alexandria. When Hadhrat Haatib JPSw&ei arrived with the letter, Maqoqis 
kissed the letter and entertained Hadhrat Haatib &i2$$£> most excellently. When 
he sent Hadhrat Haatib *£3G5®?> back to Rasulullaah £IM, he sent gifts for 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 8 Pg.287) has commented on the Hadith. It is also narrated by Ahmad and 
Bazzaar. 

(2) Bazzaar, Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg.309) has commented on the Hadith. 



160 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&ms> (Vol-D 

Rasulullaah ®S# with him that included a suit of clothing, a" saddled mule and 
two slave women. The one slave woman (Maariya) was the mother of 
(Rasulullaah iHH's son) Ibraheem and Rasulullaah {JSP gave the -other to 
Hadhrat Muhammad bin Qais Abdi Wi%g*&. (1) 

Hadhrat Haatib bin Abi Balta'ah W&8&9 narrates that "Rasulullaah &S8 sent him 
to Maqoqis the king of Alexandria. When he delivered the letter, Maqoqis hosted 
Hadhrat Haatib 3&!I2@2 in his palace, where he stayed awhile. Maqoqis then 
gathered his high priests and called for Hadhrat Haatib &&&$. Maqoqis said to 
him, "I wish to pose a few questions and want you to understand them well." "By 
all means," replied Hadhrat Haatib SSSSBJsl. 

Maqoqis asked, "Tell me about your leader. Is he really a prophet?" "He certainly 
is the Rasul of Allaah," replied Hadhrat Haatib S.&s@gS. Maqoqis then asked 
further, "If he really is Allaah's prophet, why did he then not curse his people 
when they drove him out of his town (Makkah)?" Hadhrat Haatib JsS2SB« 
responded by asking, "Do you not testify that Isa the son of Maryam W£& was 
Allaah's Rasul?" "Indeed," came the reply. "Then when his people seized him to 
crucify him," began Hadhrat Haatib S)2®sS, "why did he not pray to Allaah to 
destroy them when Allaah raised him to the heavens?" Maqoqis said to Hadhrat 
Haatib 523,12®©, "You are a wise man who has come from the company of a wise 
man. Here are some gifts that I am sending with you to Muhammad W&£. I am 
also sending some guards with you to protect you until you reach your place of 
safety." Maqoqis sent two slave women to Rasulullaah W$£, one of whom was 
the mother of Rasulullaah {£Sil's son Ibraheem. Rasulullaah &S$S gave another 
to Hadhrat Hassaan bin Thaabit S!3<@e>. Besides this, Maqoqis also sent selected 
gifts that were acclaimed in their land. <2) 

The Letter that Rasulullaah {iH sent to the People 

of Najraan 

The grandfather of Abd Yasoo who was a Christian before accepting Islaam 
narrates that Rasulullaah W$Hs sent a letter to the people of Najraan before Surah 
"TaaSeen Sulaymaan" (Surah Naml) was revealed (the letter therefore does not 
begin with "Bismillaahir. Rahmaanir Raheem" because it was only after the 
revelation of this Surah that Rasulullaah W$i started including "Bismillaah ir 
Rahmaanir Raheem" in his letters as this Surah mentions Hadhrat Sulaymaan 
W&& did), the letter read: 

I begin in the name of the Ilaah of Ibraheem %$&, ls'haaq$5l&£ and 

Ya'qoob g$|&. 

From Muhammad the Nabi and Rasool of Allaah 

To the high priest and people of Najraan 

Peace be to you. Before you I praise the Ilaah of Ibraheem 



(1) Bayhaqi. 

(2) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.272). Ibn Shaaheen has also narrated this 
Hadith as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.300). 



THE UVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&£$$& (Vol-1) [ 161 

Is'haaq3§&£ and Ya'qoob %%&. 

I call you from the worship of Allaah's slaves to the worship of Allaah 

and from the friendship of Allaah's slaves to the friendship of Allaah. 

Should you refuse (to accept Islaam), you shall have to pay the. Jizya 

and should you refuse even^this, I shall have to declare war against 

you. 

Was Salaam 

When the high priest read the letter, he was alarmed and grew extremely 
frightened. He immediately sent for a person from Najraan called Shurahbeel bin 
Wadaa'ah who hailed from Hamdaan tribe. Whenever any problem arose, he was 
summoned even before the heroes, leaders and high-ranking people. The high 
priest handed over Rasulullaah {Half's letter to Shurahbeel, who read it. The high 
priest then asked, "O Abu Maryam! What is your opinion?" Shurahbeel said, 'You 
know well that Allaah promised Ibraheem $$&£ prophethood in the progeny of 
his son Ismaa'eel $!!&£. It would come as no surprise if this is the very person 
(who has received the promised prophethood). I can offer no opinion in the 
matter of prophethood. Had the matter been a worldly one, 1 would have advised 
you and exerted myself to assist you." The high priest then bade Shurahbeel to 
step aside and be seated, which he did. 

The high priest then,sent for a man called Abdullaah bin Shurahbeel who was 
also from Najraan and belonged to the Dhu Asbah branch of the Himyar tribe. 
When the high priest read the letter to him and asked his opinion, his reply was 
similar to that of Shurahbeel. The high priest then bade Abdulaah to step aside 
and be seated, which he did. 

He then sent for a man called jabbaar bin Faydh who was also from Najraan and 
belonged to the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b branch of the Banul Himaas tribe. When 
the high priest read the letter to him and asked his opinion, his reply was similar 
to that of Shurahbeel and Abdullaah. He also took a seat when asked to do so. 
Once they had all agreed on the matter, the high priest called for the bells to be 
tolled, fires to be lit and flags to be raised in the churches. This was their practice 
whenever trouble brewed during the day. When there was trouble during the 
night, they would only toll the bells and light the fires in the churches. 
Consequently, when the bells were tolled and the flags raised, all the people 
living on the top and bottom parts of the valley gathered. The valley was 4 so long 
that it would take a speeding rider a complete day to pass and in it were seventy 
three villages comprising of one hundred and twenty thousand warriors. 
When the high priest read the letter of Rasulullaah &&£ to them, everyone 
agreed that Shurahbeel bin Wadaa'ah from the Hamdaan tribe, Abdullaah bin 
Shurahbeel from the Dhu Asbah tribe and Jabbaar bin Faydh from the Banu 
Haarith tribe should be sent to. gather news about Rasulullaah W$&. The 
delegation left and finally arrived in Madinah. There they removed their traveling 
clothes and wore decorative long garments made in Yemen, which they had to 



|62 THE UVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&£ (Vol-1) 

drag along. They also wore gold rings. When they approached Rasulullaah {^^ 
and greeted him, he did not reply to their greeting. The entire day they sought 
an opportunity to speak to Rasulullaah i£$f but he refused to speak to them 
as long as they wore those clothes and gold rings. 

They then looked for Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan *g)!3<@£ and Hadhrat Abdur 
Rahmaan bin Auf WS%&9 who knew them and eventually found them sitting with 
a group of Muhaajireen and Ansaar. They said, "O Uthmaan! O Abdur Rahmaan! 
Your Nabi wrote a letter to us and we have arrived in response to the letter. 
However, when we came to him and greeted him, he did not reply to our greeting 
and although we searched all day for an opportunity to speak to him, we have 
been unable to do so. What is your opinion? Do you think that we should 
return?" 

Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib Wi%&?> was also in the gathering, so the two of them 
asked him, "What do you think of these people, O Abul Hasan?" Addressing 
Hadhrat Uthmaan JiXSsQsgi and Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf 3&l)3®9, Hadhrat 
Ali JSM@« said, "I think that they should remove these clothes and these rings 
and wear their traveling clothes. Thereafter they should return to Rasulullaah 
(£!$$!• . When they did this and, again greeted Rasulullaah &i$!, he replied to their 
greeting and said, "I swear by the Being Who has sent me with the truth that 
Iblees was certainly with you when you came to me the first time." Rasulullaah 
&0t then asked about them and they asked him questions. During the course. of 
their questioning, they asked, "What have you to say about Isa #£&&? We are 
Christians and will be returning to our people. If you are a Nabi, We would be 
pleased to hear what you have to say about him." 

Rasulullaah ®SI said to them, "I have nothing much to say about him today. 
Stay a while longer until I am able to inform you what my Rabb has to say about 
Isa $£!&£." By the following morning, the following verses of the Qur'aan had 
been revealed: 



Verily the likeness of Isa %$&& (who was created without a father) with 
Allaah is as the likeness of Aadam 4j§te£ (who was created with neither 
a father nor a mother). He (Allaah) created him (Aadam $$$&) from clay 
then said to him, "Be!" and he became (a living man). This is the truth 
from your Rabb so do not be of those who doubt. Whoever disputes 
with you (O Muhammad ^§) concerning this (concerning the incident 
of Isa W&&) after the knowledge (revelation) has come to you, then say 
to them, "Come! We shall call your sons and our sons, your wives and 



, *&:& 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fSSmM> (VoL-1) 163 

our wives, yourselves and ourselves. Then we shall (collectively) pray 
sincerely (to Allaah) and place Allaah's curse on the liars." {Surah Aal 
Imraan, verses 59-6 1 } 
(After Rasulullaah &|$l recited these verses to them,) They refused to accept it 
(and rather accepted the cHallenge of Mubaahala^ 1 ' offered in the last verse 
above). Consequently, Rasulullaah W0& arrived the following morning (for the 
challenge) together with Hadhrat Hasan isSSSBS and Hadhrat Husayn *&)%$&?> 
wrapped in his shawl. Behind him came Hadhrat Faatima Sla®5> and his many 
wives. (Seeing this) Shurahbeel said to his two companions, "You know well that 
the people from the entire top and bottom parts of our valley always return 
content with my decisions. I swear by Allaah that what I see here is an extremely 
serious and weighty affair. If he is a sent Rasul, we shall be the first Arabs to be 
an eyesore for him and the first to oppose him. This insult will not leave his heart 
nor the hearts of his companions until they destroy us. We are also the closest 
Arabs to them (and are most prone to any pending attacks). If he is a sent Rasul 
of Allaah, then to engage him in Mubaahala would even destroy the hairs and 
fingernails of each of us on earth." 

The two asked him, "What then is your proposal, O Abu Maryam?" Shurahbeel 
said, "I propose that we negotiate (a treaty) with him for I do not see him to be 
one who would ever make futile clauses." The two said to him, "We leave you to 
do as you see appropriate." Shurahbeel went to see Rasulullaah W^ and said, "I 
propose something better than Mubaahala." "What is that?" asked Rasulullaah 
&£. Shurahbeel replied, "You have today and tonight to pass judgement 
(formulate the clauses of a treaty). We are prepared to accept whatever clauses 
you make." Rasulullaah &$$• asked him, "Perhaps there are people left behind 
who may criticise you (for this)." Shurahbeel said, "You may ask my two 
companions." When Rasulullaah &S5SI asked them, they said, "The people from 
the entire top and bottom parts of our valley always return content with the 
decisions of Shurahbeel." Rasulullaah {^2l§ then returned home without carrying 
out the Mubaahala." The next day, they met Rasulullaah (£§$! and wrote the 
following letter: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful 
This is the treaty that the Nabi and Rasool of Allaah Muhammad has 
written for the people of Najraan. He has determined that all their' fruit 
crops, their gold, their silver, their produce and their slaves would 
remain their property on condition that they pay two thousand sets of 
clothing; a thousand every Rajab and the other thousand every Safar. 

Other clauses are also mentioned in the, narration. * 2 ' 

A narration of Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.55) adds that the witnesses to 

(1) Mubaahala: when two conflicting parties collectively make du'aa to Allaah that He should destroy 
the party that is wrong. 

(2) Bayhaqi as quoted in the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer (Vol.1 Pg.369). 



164 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-1) 

this treaty were Abu Sufyaan bin Harb, Ghaylaan bin Amr, Maalik bin Auf of the 
Banu Nasr tribe, Aqra bin Haabis Handhali and Mughiera $&i%&9. Rasulullaah 
(!£&§ had the treaty written out and the three returned with it to Najraan. With 
their high priest at the time was his -step brother who was also his cousin. His 
name was Basheer bin Mu'aawiya and he was commonly known as Abu Alqama. 
When the three handed over the letter of Rasulullaah <£$§£ to the high priest. The 
high priest and Abu Alqama were mounted on their camels at the time and the 
high priest was busy reading the letter when Abu Alqama's camel tripped and fell. 
Abu Alqamaalso fell and without mincing his words, he cursed Rasulullaah gi3$£ 
as he fell. 

When this happened, the high priest said to him, "By Allaah! You have cursed a 
sent prophet!" (Affected by the words of the high priest,) Abu Alqama said, "If he is 
a true prophet, then I swear by Allaah that I shall not unfasten my satchels until I 
meet Rasulullaah &%%." Saying this, he turned his camel to the direction of 
Madinah. The high priest also turned his camel in the same direction and said, 
"Understand well what I have to say. 1 have said what I did in fear so that the 
Arabs may hear from me that we have acknowledged the right of Rasulullaah 
(JUS!-, that we accepted his call and have submitted to him as the other Arabs did 
not even though we are the most noble of the -Arabs and have the most homes 
(the largest population)." Abu Alqama said to him, "No! By Allaah! I shall never 
accept anything coming from your head!" Abu Alqama then hit his camel and left 
the high priest behind. As he rode, he spurred the camel on by reciting the 
following couplets: 

(O Rasulullaah &0t) To you does the camel run with her rope shaking 

In her belly lies her unborn child in a breeched position 

Her (master's) religion is now other than Christianity 

Abu Alqama met Rasulullaah £181!, accepted Islaam and lived his life with 

Rasulullaah (JiSi until he was finally martyred. 

In the meantime, the three man delegation returned to Najraan and approached a 
monk called Ibn Abi Shimr who lived at the top of his monastery. The told him 
that a prophet had been sent to the Tihaamah district and told him about the 
Najraan delegation that met Rasulullaah {£S$|. They also informed him that 
Rasulullaah &^ had challenged them to Mubaahala, that they had declined the 
challenge and that Basheer bin Mu'aawiya (Abu Alqama) left to meet Rasulullaah 
gjjSir and had accepted Islaam. 

The monk said, "Take me down from here before I throw myself down from this 
monastery." When they took him down, he took some gifts along with him and 
left to meet Rasulullaah (JS$|. Among these gifts were the shawl that the Khulafa 
wore, a cup and a staff. He stayed for some while with Rasulullaah 8i$|, listening 
to the revelation but he was not destined to accept Islaam. He left Rasulullaah 
&|$|, promising to return shortly, but his return was not to be and Rasulullaah 
8S5Jii passed away. 
The high priest Abul Haarith came to Rasulullaah {£!$§ in the company of several 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH {H3pSms> (Vol-1) ' 165 

leaders and high-ranking persons. They stayed some time with Rasulullaah &JS8H, 
listening to what revelation came to Rasulullaah W$£. Rasulullaah W$i wrote 
the following letter to the high priest and to all the priests of Najraan after him: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful 

From Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah 

To the high priest Abul Haarith, the priests, fortune-tellers and monks 

of Najraan 

Everything they possess in large and small quantities shall enjoy the 

protection of Allaah and His Rasool. No priest, monk or fortune-teller 

shall lose his position nor the rights due to him nor any authority he 

may be enjoying. This protection of Allaah and His Rasool shall remain 

intact forever as long as they continue doing what is correct and 

remain well-wishers without supporting oppression or oppressors. 

This letter was written by Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba Jejpssaj©. 

The Letter Rasulullaah &§ Sent to the Bakr bin 

Waail Tribe 

Hadhrat Marthad bin Dhabiyaan JSS^SsU© narrates that a letter from Rasulullaah 
(j^SEi reached them and that they could find no one in their tribe to read it until a 
man from the Dabee'ah tribe read it to them. It read: 

From Rasulullaah (SUP 
To the Bakr bin Waa'il tribe 
Accept islaam and live in peace. ^ 

The Letter Rasulullaah &£ Sent to the Banu 
Judhaama Tribe 

Hadhrat Ma'bad Judhaami JgSaffiS© narrates that when Hadhrat Rifaa'ah bin Zaid 
Judhaami 5SK2i@»?) met with Rasulullaah 8i$i, he wrote the following letter for 
them: 

From Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah 

(This letter has been) Handed to Rifaa'ah bin Zaid whom I have sent to 
his people and those included amongst them to invite towards Allaah 
and His Rasool. Whoever accepts Imaan shall be included in the legion 
of Allaah and His Rasool. As for those who turn their backs, they shall 
have only two months respite. 



(1) Ahmad. Haythami (Vol. 5 Pg.305) has commented on the chain of narrators. Bazzaar, Abu Ya'la and 
Tabraani have also narrated a similar Hadith from Hadhrat Anas SJfiK8», the narrators of which 
are reliable according to Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.305). 



166 7H£ LIVES OF THE SAHAB4H $&&mti (Vol-1) 

When Hadhrat Rifaa'ah W&®$& came to his people, they all accepted Imaan. ^ 

Incidents About the Character and Actions of 

Rasulullaah 8888 that Inspired People to 

Accept Islaant 

The Conversion to Islaam of Hadhrat Zaid bin 
Su'na &&8&$ who had been a Jewish Rabbi 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Salaam $§&&£ narrates that when Allaah decreed that 
Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na S!S@s> should accept Islaam, Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na 
*£3IS©s> himself said, "When I looked at Muhammad (USSI, I recognised all the 
signs of Nabuwaat except for two signs that I had not tested; (1) that his 
self-control should outstrip his anger and (2) that his tolerance should conquer a 
display of extreme foolishness." 

Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na *p&©e> narrates further that Rasulullaah %$$$• had just 
emerged from his rooms one day with Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib W&®&> when a 
rider who appeared to be a Bedouin came to him. He said, "O Rasulullaah (S3$l!' A 
few people from a certain tribe have accepted Islaam because I told them that 
they will receive an- abundance in sustenance if they accepted Islaam. However, 
no rain has fallen and they are afflicted by a drought. O Rasulullaah W$£\ I fear 
that they may leave the fold of Islaam out of greed just as they had entered out of 
greed. If you agree, we could perhaps sent them something to assist them." 
Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na JSlasSS® says, "Rasulullaah f^i looked at the person 
beside him whom I assume was Hadhrat Ali S3!i«@9. He said, 'O Rasulullaah 
{^®! I do not think that anything is left of that wealth.' I (Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na 
W%&?>)' approached Rasulullaah &|$l and said, 'O Muhammad! Do you wish to 
sell to me a fixed amount of dates from the orchard of a specific tribe (to be paid) 
before a specified term?' Rasulullaah ®i? replied, 'Alright, but do not specify 
whose orchard it shall be.'" Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na Wffi$% agreed and the deal 
was done. Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na S!3@Si opened his purse and paid eighty 
Mithqaal* 1 ' of gold for the specified amount of dates on a specified date. 
Rasulullaah $$$& handed over the money to the person and said to him, "Take 
this to assist them." 

Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na &&&$ narrates further that there were only two or three 
days left for the expiry of the term, when Rasulullaah (|§$i left his home to 
perform a funeral prayer. With him were Hadhrat Abu Bakr '&&8&J, Hadhrat 
Umar Sl,S®e>, Hadhrat Uthmaan 3£S3@& and several other Sahabah '&&!&» 
When they approached a wall to sit by it, Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na JSMSJgi came to 
Rasulullaah (JiSi and grabbed hold of Rasulullaah {£8$|'s collar. Staring angrily 
into the face of Rasulullaah {$$i, he said. "O Muhammad! When are you going to 
pay my dues? By Allaah! All that the child ren of Abdul Muttalib have learnt is how 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.310) has commented on the chain of narrators. Umawi has also 
narrated the Hadith in his Maghaazias reported in Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.44l). 

(2) Approximately 400 grams. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$$&® (Vol-D 167 

to procrastinate! By mixing with you people, I now have first-hand knowledge of this!" 
Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na W&fi&j says that as he was doing this, his gaze fell on 
Hadhrat Umar SiS£@e>. He noticed that Hadhrat Umar $SPi@je>'s eyes were starting 
to roll with anger and he stared with fury. He said, "O enemy of Allaah! Do you 
speak to Rasulullaah W$z like that and treat him in this manner!? Had it not 
been for respect of being in the company of Rasulullaah &$&, I would have cut 
off your neck!" Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na SHS@« says that all the while, Rasulullaah 
(£|§§? looked at him in a most calm and unruffled manner. Rasulullaah &i$£ then 
said to Hadhrat Umar S3&3@gS, "O Umar! All that the two of us need is for you to 
tell me to pay him quickly and to tell him to place his demands in a better 
manner. O Umar! Go with him and give him his dues. Also give him twenty Saa 
of dates extra in lieu of the threat you gave him." 

Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na J13$@se> says that Hadhrat Umar W03&6 took him along, 
paid him what was due and added another twenty Saa to it. When Hadhrat Zaid 
bin Su'na JSJI3®?) asked Hadhrat Umar J&BSfe what he twenty Saa extra were for, 
Hadhrat Umar Wi%&& said that it was the command of Rasulullaah @|3£& because 
of the threat he had made. Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na W&&9 then asked, "O Umar! 
Do you recognise me?" "No," replied Hadhrat Umar $£&&£. Hadhrat Zaid bin 
Su'na *g»i5®$ said, "I am Zaid bin Su'na." "The Rabbi?" asked Hadhrat Umar 
*sS3®!>ei. 'Yes, the Rabbi," was the reply. Hadhrat Umar W&&& then asked, "But 
why did you behave as you did? Why did you speak as you did?" 
Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na 5£J!3@?> replied, "O Umar! When I looked at Muhammad 
{Jii!, I recognised all the .signs of Nabuwaat except for two signs tbat I had not 
tested; (1) that his self r control should outstrip his anger and (2) that his 
tolerance should conquer a display of extreme foolishness. I have now tested 
both these attributes. O Umar! I make you witness to the fact. that I am content 
with Allaah as Rabb, with Islaam as the true religion and with Muhammad 
(SSSi as the Nabi. I also make you witness to the fact that I give half of my wealth 
- and I am one of the wealthiest people - as charity to the entire Ummah of 
Rasulullaah fj§|§|." Hadhrat Umar 3S}!ia®>s> said, "Say that it is for a part of the 
Ummah because you will be unable to -give all of them." "Alright," said Hadhrat 
Zaid bin Su'na W&8$%, "then for a.part of the Ummah." 

Hadhrat Umar Wffi&t) and Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na W&&9 then returned to 
Rasulullaah gS$$ and Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na 3U!«<a# exclaimed, "I testify that 
there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad {£H$£ is Allaah's 
servant and Rasul." He therefore accepted Imaan and pledged his allegiance to 
Rasulullaah {jjjjSSf . He participated in many expeditions with Rasulullaah (jf^i and 
was eventually martyred during the expedition to Tabook as he was advancing 
and not retreating. May Allaah shower His mercy on Hadhrat Zaid bin Su'na 
SHSSfflfi». (1) 



(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 8 Pg.240) has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Hibbaan, 
Haakim, Abu Shaykh and others have aJso reported the Hadith. This is mentioned in Isaaba (Vol. 1 
Pg.566) together with commentary on the chain of narrators and an addition which states that a 
Jew said, "I have seen every description of Muhammad OSSf as mentioned in the Torah except for 



168 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W3&S&® (Vol-D 

The Incident of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 

The Quraysh Prevent Rasulullaah {^i from 
Visiting the Kabah 

Hadhrat Miswar bin Makhrama JiSSsSa* narrates that when Rasulullaah (J^i left 
.Madinah on the occasion of the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, he said to the Sahabah 
&&$&£ when they had reached a particular place, "Khaalid bin Waleed and a 
group of horsemen have arrived at a place called Umaym to gather intelligence. 
Therefore, alter your course towards the right." Hadhrat Miswar isSSffi!* swears 
by Allaah that Khaalid bin Waleed did not notice them until (the Muslims were 
almost on top of him) and he saw their dust fly. He then hastily returned to warn 
the Quraysh. 

Rasulullaah {Ji$f continued riding until he reached a valley that fell on the road 
to Makkah. It was there that his camel sat down. The camel's name was Qaswa. 
(According to their custom) When the Sahabah $&&&» shouted, "Hal! Hal!" (to 
get her moving), she refused to budge. The Sahabah ®Sffi&& started saying, 
"Qaswa has become stubborn! Qaswa has become stubborn!" Rasulullaah &$% 
pointed out to them that she was not being stubborn for she normally never 
behaved in this manner. He then added, "The Being that stopped the people of 
the elephants from entering Makkah has stopped her as well." Thereafter, 
Rasulullaah &£ commented, "I swear by the Being in Whose control is my life 
that I shall grant the, Kuffaar any request they make as long as it sanctifies those 
things that Allaah has made sacred." 

Rasulullaah ®§§ then scolded his camel and she stood up again. He moved away 
from the road and settled at the end of the valley of Hudaybiyyah where there 
was a spring. The spring contained so little water that the Sahabah %&%i&>9 could 
only draw very little. They were hardly there long when all the water was 
finished. When the Sahabah $&3&i&& complained about this to Rasulullaah £sJ8§ , 
he took out an arrow from his quiver and instructed them to fix it at the spring 
(which they did). Hadhrat Miswar WX%8&£ says, "By Allaah, the water of the 
spring then gushed forth for the Sahabah WH%&» until they left the place." 



Budayl's Meeting with Rasulullaah 

While the Muslims were camped at Hudaybiyyah, Budayl bin Warqa Khuzaa'ee 
arrived with a group of his tribesmen from the Banu Khuzaa'a. This was the tribe 
who were well-wishers of the Muslims from the people of Tihaama. This tribe 
was from the Tihaamah region and was the friendliest tribe of the region towards 
the Muslims. He told Rasulullaah &% that they had just passed by the tribes of 
Aamir bin Luway and Ka'b bin Luway, who were camped at some of the springs 
of Hudaybiyyah. They informed Rasulullaah WOUs that these tribes were ready to 
engage in battle with the Muslims and prevent -them from coming to the Kabah. 

the trait that his self-control..." The rest of the incident is as mentioned above. Abu Nu'aym has 
also quoted the narration in Dalaa'il (Pg.23). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&iZ$&® (Vol-.l) 169 

in fact they were so intent on fighting the Muslims that they had arrived with (all 
their resources and even) those camels that were close to giving birth and those 
that had just given birth. 

Rasulullaah &I$Ji said, "I have not come to fight anyone, but wish only to perform 
Umrah. (It is surprising thatf the Quraysh want to fight because) Fighting has 
already weakened them and caused them much harm, if they want, we are 
prepared to enter into a treaty with them for a period. During this period, they 
should not interfere with my efforts on the people. If I dominate over the people 
(if they accept Islaam), the Quraysh have the choice of entering into the Deen 
which the others have entered into. On the other hand, if people get the upper 
hand over me, the Quraysh will have no worries. However, if the Quraysh refuse 
(to accept Islaam and insist on fighting), then I swear by the Being in Whose 
control my life lies, I shall fight them for the sake of this Deen until either my 
head is separated from my neck or this Deen of Allaah flourishes." 
Budayl told Rasulullaah ®§£ that he would convey this message to the Quraysh. 
He then left and when he met with the Quraysh. He said to them, "We have just 
come from that man and have heard him say something. If you wish us to convey 
it to you, I shall oblige." Some foolish persons present said, "We have no need to 
be told anything about him." However, some intelligent ones said, "Tell us what 
you heard." Budayl then continued to tell them everything Rasulullaah (£Sii had 
told him. 

Urwa bin Mas'ood's Meeting with Rasulullaah {^i? 

Urwa bin Mas'ood then stood up and said, "O peoplel Am I not like a father unto 
you?" "Indeed," they replied. He added, "And are you not like my children?" 
"Certainly," they responded. He asked further, "Do you have any doubts about 
me?" "Of course not," they asserted. Urwa asked, "Are you not aware of the fact 
that I mustered the support of the people of Ukaaz to assist you but when they 
refused, I presented myself with my family, my children and all who would obey 
me?" "We are well aware of that," they agreed. 

Urwa then said to them, "He (Rasulullaah ®$!f) has presented a fine proposal. 
Accept it and allow me to negotiate with him." When they agreed that he 
negotiate with Rasulullaah ^§, Urwa met with Rasulullaah {^^ and started the 
negotiation process. When Rasulullaah ®Hi told Urwa what he had told Budayl, 
Urwa said, "O Muhammad! If you ever annihilate your people, have you ever 
heard of any Arab before you who has annihilated his family? Nevertheless, if 
matters take the other course (if the Quraysh get the upper hand) then I do not 
see a group of loyal and trustworthy people around you. I see a mixed lot around 
who are prone to desert you and leave you all alone." At this, Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
JaSStaSei said to Urwa, "Go suck Laat's genitals! Will we ever desert Rasulullaah 
&®jg and leave him by himself!" "Who is this?" asked Urwa. "He is Abu Bakr," was 
the reply. Urwa responded by saying, "I swear by the Being in whose control is 
my life! Had it not been for a favour that I owe you and which I have not yet 



170 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$$& (Vol-1) 

repaid, I would have certainly replied to you." 

Urwa then continued speaking with Rasulullaah QUfflffli and would repeatedly 
touch the beard of Rasulullaah &SH as he spoke. Standing by Rasulullaah 
fJjjSHir's headside was Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba W8®&% (Urwa's nephew) 
who was wearing a helmet at the time and carrying a sword. When Urwa 
raised his hand to touch Rasulullaah (Jl^'s beard, Hadhrat Mughiera 3s3)i5®9 
struck Urwa's hand with the handle of his sword saying, "Keep your hand away 
from Rasulullaah (i^i's begird." Raising his gaze, Urwa asked, "Who is this?" 
When he was informed that it was Hadhrat Mughiera 3eK3®!>s>, Urwa said, "O 
betrayer! Have I not borne the brunt of your betrayal!" During the Period of 
Ignorance, Hadhrat Mughiera ©!S@ss> had befriended some people whom he later 
killed and robbed of their possessions. He later came to Rasulullaah &0- with all 
the stolen goods and accepted Islaam. However, Rasulullaah £iil said to him, "I 
shall accept your conversion to Islaam, but will have nothing to do with the 
wealth." (Urwa was referring to this incident). 

Urwa then started observing the Sahabah $3!3!®»s> very closely. He says* "By 
Allaah! Even when Rasulullaah £i$l would spit, someone would catch it and 
rub it on his face and body. Whenever he issued any command the Sahabah 
WH&&& would immediately carry it out and when he made wudhu, they get 
close to fighting with each other to get the water falling off his limbs. They 
always, lower their voices when speaking to him and do not look him in the 
eye out of respect for him." 

Urwa then returned to his people and said to them, "O people!. I have been to the 
royal courts of Caesars, Kisras and Najaashi. I have never seen the followers of 
any ruler so devoted to him as the followers of Muhammad W^ are to him. By 
Allaah! Even when he spits, someone would catch it and rub it on his face and 
body. Whenever he issues any command the Sahabah %&$&& would immediately 
carry it out and when he made wudhu, they get close to fighting with, each other 
to get the water falling off his limbs. They always lower their voices when 
speaking to him and do not look him in the eye out of respect for him. He had 
indeed forwarded a fine proposal to you so accept it." 

A man from the Kinaana Tribe Meets with 
Rasulullaah i^§ 

Thereafter, someone from the Kinaana tribe said, "Allow me to meet him." "Go 
see him," the others said. When the man came to Rasulullaah ^§ and the 
Sahabah $&&$&&, Rasulullaah &i8I§ said, "Here comes a man belonging to a tribe 
that honours sacrificial animals, so put some of them in front for him." When the 
animals were sent forward to him and the people met him reciting the Talbiya, he 
said, "Subhaanallaah! It is not correct to prevent these people from the Kabah." 
When he returned to his people, he said, "I saw the sacrificial animals already 
garlanded and marked for sacrifice. I do not think that they should be prevented 
from the Kabah." 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gfta@gi (Vol-1) 171 

Thereafter, another person by the name of Mikraz bin Hafs stood up and 
requested leave to meet with Rasulullaah Wife, which was granted. When he 
arrived to meet Rasulullaah Wife, Rasulullaah Wife said, "He is Mikraz who is an 
evil person." Mikraz started negotiating with Rasulullaah Wife and was still in the- 
process of doing so when SuHayl bin Amr arrived. 

Suhayl bin Amr's Meeting with Rasulullaah Q$M 
and the Clauses of the treaty 

Hadhrat Ma'mar iS&Wg-i narrates from Ayyoob and Ikrama that when Suhayl bin 
Amr arrived, Rasulullaah Wife (took a good omen from his name and) said, 
"Allaah has now made matters easier." Hadhrat Ma'mar SKau&lcgg further states 
that according to the narration of Zuhri ®&b\&%, when Suhayl bin Amr arrived he 
said, "Come, let us write a treaty between ourselves." Rasulullaah W$i sent for a 
scribe and instructed him to write: 

"(We begin) In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful" 
To this Suhayl bin Amr objected, "By Allaah! We do not know what 'Ar Rahmaan' 
is. As we usually do, why do you not rather write: 

"(We begin) In Your name O Allaah" 
The Muslim protested against writing anything but: 

"(We begin) In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful" 
However, Rasulullaah Wife instructed the scribe to write: 

"(We begin) In Your name O Allaah" 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah W$% instructed the scribe to write, "This is what 
Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah has decided." Suhayl bin Amr again objected by 
saying, "By Allaah! Had we known that you are truly the Rasul of Allaah, we 
would not have prevented you from visiting the Kabah, nor would we have fought 
against you. Rather write, 'Muhammad the son of Abdullaah.'" To this, 
Rasulullaah <]§$£ said, "By Allaah! I am certainly the Rasool of Allaah even though 
you people deny it." Addressing the scribe, Rasulullaah &S$£ said, "write, 
'Muhammad the sort of Abdullaah.'" 

Zuhri SlSSulSSt) stated that these compromises were on account of what 
Rasulullaah Wife had stated earlier when he said, "I swear by the Being in Whose 
control is my life that I shall grant the Kuffaar any request they make as long as it 
sanctifies those things that Allaah has made sacred." 

Rasulullaah Wife then said, "(The first clause is) that you allow us to perform 
Tawaaf of the Kabah." Suhayl bin Amr interjected by saying, "Never! By Allaah, 



172 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&?) (Vol-1) 

then the Arabs would say that we bowed before you. This will only be during the 
following year." Consequently, this was written (that the Muslims will be allowed 
to perform Umrah during the following year). (Proposing the next clause) Suhayl 
bin Amr said, "Should any man from our ranks join you, he would be returned to 
us even though he follows your religion." (The Muslims exclaimed, 
"Subhaanallaah! How can he be returned to the Mushrikeen when he has come 
as a Muslim?" 

The incident of Abu Jandal 'igm&j 

Negotiations were still underway when Hadhrat Abu Jandal 3U!2®»g> the son of 
Suhayl bin Amr arrived there chained in fetters. He had just left the lower part of 
Makkah and handed himself over to the Muslims. "This man O Muhammad," said 
Suhayl bin Amr, "is the first person I am demanding that you return to me in 
accordance with the treaty." "But we have not yet concluded the treaty," said 
Rasulullaah &3§£|. Suhayl bin Amr adamantly said, "Then I shall never negotiate 
any treaty with you!" Rasulullaah W^ said, "At least leave him to me." "I shall 
never leave him to you!" Suhayl bin Amr bellowed-. "Why not? I am sure you can," 
Rasulullaah i ^§ requested. "I shall not," Suhayl bin Amr said stubbornly. Mikraz 
however said, "We shall not leave him toyou." Hadhrat Abu Jandal &$&?> addressed 
the Muslim saying, "O gathering of Muslim! Why should I be returned to the 
Mushrikeen when I have" come as a Muslim? Have you not seen how I have 
suffered?" Hadhrat Abu Jandal JS83®» had endured severe torture at the hands of 
the Mushrikeen. 

Hadhrat Umar 5iX«@e> then approached Rasulullaah W^ and said, "Are you not 
the true Nabi of Allaah?" "I am indeed," replied Rasulullaah {JSSf. Hadhrat Umar 
S3®@« asked further, "Are we not on the truth and our enemies on falsehood?" 
"Certainly," said Rasulullaah W®i. "Then," asked Hadhrat Umar ®!S5®g, "why do 
we have to submit?" Rasulullaah ®jir said to him, "I am certainly the Rasool of 
Allaah. I cannot disobey Him and He is my Helper." Hadhrat Umar iilSSUs) asked, 
"Did you not tell us that we shall arrive at the Kabah and perform Tawaaf around 
it?" Rasulullaah $0$!% replied, "Indeed I did but did I tell you that it would be this 
year?" "No," said Hadhrat Umar JSBas©*. "Then you shall certainly arrive there and 
perform Tawaaf around it," Rasulullaah WH$s assured him. 
Hadhrat Umar 3SJ!3®9 then approached Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3S3!3i@ei and asked him, 
"Is he not the true Nabi of Allaah?" "He is indeed," replied Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
JSDi^Ss. Hadhrat Umar W&g*& asked further, "Are we not on the truth and our 
enemies on falsehood?" "Certainly," said Hadhrat Abu Bakr SSSSSs. "Then," asked 
Hadhrat Umar }g)«®», "why do we have to submit?" Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wi%8&t> 
said to him, "O person! He is certainly the Rasool of Allaah. He cannot disobey 
Allaah and Allaah is his Helper." Hadhrat Umar JsSl3®« asked, "Did Rasulullaah 
{Jim not tell us that we shall arrive at the Kabah and perform Tawaaf around it?" 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr }§3!S3« replied, "He did .indeed, but did he tell you that it 
would be this year?" "No," said Hadhrat Umar SS3®!*. "Then you shall certainly 
arrive there and perform Tawaaf around it," Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5SS2s<S!g) assured 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ®3&m9 (Vol-1) 173 

him. After narrating this incident, Hadhrat Umar &S%8*>£ says that he later carried 
out numerous good deeds to make amends for this behaviour. 
After the treaty had been written, Rasulullaah i^^ instructed the Sahabah 
$SB3®g> to slaughter their animals and to shave off their hair (an indication that 
they were to return without performing Umrah). The narrator of the Hadith says, 
"By Allaah! No one stood up to do this even though Rasulullaah (JS5S!? thrice 
repeated the instruction (because they all hoped that he would perhaps 
reconsider the situation)." When he saw that no one was prepared to carry out 
the command, he went to (his tent where he met) his wife Hadhrat Umm 
Salrna W88&9. When he informed her of the difficulty he was having, she said, 
"O Nabi of Allaah! Why do you rather not do this? Go out there without 
speaking a word to anyone, slaughter your animal, call for someone to shave 
your hair and have it shaved off." Rasulullaah W$H then went out and did 
accordingly. He slaughtered his animal, called for someone to shave off his hair 
and had it shaved off. When the Sahabah W$&8£& saw this., they all stood up, 
slaughtered their animals and started shaving each others' hair. In fact, they were 
so sad that it appeared that they could almost kill each other out of grief. 
Thereafter, some Muslim women arrived there (to join the Muslims) and the 
following verse of the Qur'aan was revealed: 

'l>'i ji iu± Cf >* ''1' 1' \* * ' !-"« '!>'%' .'. .''"h '»mi i" 5 fT\ 

L» IjJLlLJj ^.hiLaJl L» lyUuoj j>\£& j**&*4 I^5L~»j *}j c/ b Jj s r\ cj Jt y^-i'^ 

O you who have Imaan! When Mu'mineen women come to you (in a 
Muslim country) as immigrants, then (instead of sending them back) 
examine them (test whether they are sincere Muslims). (Of course, you 
can only judge the sincerity of their Imaan superficially because only) 
Allaah best knows the (true) condition of their Imaan. If (after 
examining them,) you determine that they really are Mu'mineen women 
(and not impostors), then do not return them to the Kuffaar. Neither 
are these women lawful (as wives) for the Kuffaar men nor are the 
Kuffaar men lawful (as husbands) for these women. Return to them (to 
their Kuffaar. husbands) what they have spent (as dowry because the 
marriage has terminated). (Thereafter,) There is no harm if you (Muslim 
men) marry these women when you give them their dowry. (O Muslim 
husbands!) Do not stubbornly cling to your Kuffaar wives (who do no 
want to accept Islaam after you have accepted). {surahMumtahina, verse 10} 



174 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fSSmSf» (Vol-D 

in conformance with the above verse, Hadhrat Umar SIIjs®* divorced two of 
his wives whom he had married as a Mushrik. Consequently, Mu'aawiya bin 
Abi Sufyaan married one of them while the other was married to Safwaan bin 
Umayyah. 

The Incident of Hadhrat Abu Baseer WSi&b and the 
Two Men who were sent after him 

After the incident at Hudaybiyyah, Rasulullaah 8i$i returned to Madinah where a 
Muslim from the Quraysh called Abu Baseer US&Ssi came to him. However, the 
Quraysh had dispatched two men after him to remind Rasulullaah g|@£ about the 
treaty. Rasulullaah {|3Sf therefore handed him over to the two men. The two men 
left'with him and when they stopped to eat some dates at Dhul Hulayfah, Hadhrat 
Abu Baseer &&&£ said to one of them, "By Allaahl I see that you have an 
extremely fine sword." The man drew the sword from the sheath and said, "By 
Allaah! It is fine indeed. I have tried it again and again." Hadhrat Abu Baseer 
i!3!S@se> said,' "Let me have a look at it." When the man handed it over, Hadhrat 
Abu Baseer 3§S*<©e> struck him, killing him instantly. 

The other person dashed for Madinah and when he came running into the 
Masjid, Rasulullaah (Sil, commented, "It seems as if something terribly frightful 
has occurred to him." When the person reached the Rasulullaah fJS$!, he. 
exclaimed, "My companion has been killed and I will also be killed." Following 
close behind him came Hadhrat Abu Baseer &&*&&. He said, "O Rasulullaah 
W$£\ Allaah has absolved you of your responsibility when you returned me. 
Allaah has now freed me from my captors." Rasulullaah (S8H said, "Oh dear! This 
man is a true warmonger. If only there was someone who could do something 
for him." Hadhrat Abu Baseer &$&?> understood from this that Rasulullaah {£SSS 
would return him again. He therefore left Madinah and settled along the coast. 

Hadhrat Abu Jandal ^!&;@g> Joins up with Hadhrat 
Abu Baseer Wffi$% and they attack the Caravans of 

the Quraysh 

Hadhrat Abu Jandal W&8&t) the son of'Suhayl bin Amr managed to escape from 
the Quraysh and joined up with Hadhrat Abu Baseer W$$&!>. Thereafter, every 
man who accepted Islaam and left the Quraysh joined up with Hadhrat Abu 
Baseer *S3!SS« until they grew into a large group. The narrator states, "By Allaah! 
Every caravan of the Quraysh travelling to Shaam that they heard about, they 
attacked, killing the people and taking their goods." The Quraysh eventually 
(grew weary and) sent a message to Rasulullaah {^Sl, imploring him in the name 
of Allaah and by the family ties they shared that he should call this group to 
Madinah. They also added that whoever came to Rasulullaah @si (from 
Makkah) as a Muslim afterwards would be left in peace (without having to return 
to Makkah). Rasulullaah £S§SI then called them to Madinah. It was then that 
Allaah revealed the following verses of the Qur'aan: 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&$&$§> (Vol-D 175 

.>".!. '.'Ai JJ A i'' ' '»V>'i' -"ilii ' i>' J> > >',' > is'.l'i »'1 >'\ 

JU>-j "il jJj <tJb^« £JLj o' UJ&** (JJ-^JIj -*'j*' ase-lwJI gj; J^jJuisj 

It is Allaah Who restrained their hands from (fighting) you and your 
hands from (fighting) them right in Makkah (at Hudaybiyyah) after 
granting you dominance over them (when the Muslims captured fifty 
Mushrikeen who intended to attack them). Allaah is always Watchful 
over what you do (and makes events happen for the best. Therefore, 
although the Muslims would have defeated the Mushrikeen had a 
battle been fought, Allaah knew of more benefit in the treaty and did 
not allow a battle to take place). They (the Mushrikeen of Makkah) are 
the ones who committed kufr, prevented you (Muslims) from 
(performing Umrah at) the Masjidul Haraam and (prevented) the 
sacrificial animals (which the Muslims brought to be sacrificed after 
Umrah), (leaving them) restrained (prevented) from reaching their 
destination (Makkah, where they were to be sacrificed). If it were not 
for your trampling (unintentionally harming) many Muslim men and 
many Muslim women (in Makkah) about whom you were unaware and 
then unknowingly suffering harm on their account (for harming them), 
the matter would have been concluded (you would have been allowed 
to fight the Mushrikeen). (However, a battle did not take place) So that 
Allaah enters whoever He wills into His mercy (by allowing them to 
accept Islaam). If they (these Muslim men and women still in Makkah) 
were to separate (from the Mushrikeen of Makkah), We would inflict a 
painful punishment on the Kuffaar of Makkah (by allowing the Muslims 
to kill or capture them in battle). When the Kuffaar (of Makkah) took 
the prejudice within their hearts, (which was) the prejudice of the 
period of ignorance (because of which they did not permit the writer of 
the treaty to write "Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah W^", but 
"Muhammad the son of Abdullaah" instead). {Surah Fatah, verses 
24-26} (1) 

Rasulullaah (HP Sends Hadhrat Uthmaan W%&$ 
to Makkah after Setting up Camp in Hudaybiyyah 

Recounting Rasulullaah {SCSI's stay at Hudaybiyyah, Hadhrat Urwa W&8*& narrates 



(1) Bukhari. ibn Katheer gtSffl&g states in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 4 Pg.177) that there are 
valuable additions and elucidations in this narration which are not found in the narration Ibn 
Is'haaq narrates from Zuhri a&JKSs). Bayhaqi (Vol. 9 Pg.218) has also narrated the Hadith in detail. 



1 76 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$& (Vol-1) 



that the Quraysh became very scared when Rasulullaah raSHs camped at 
Hudaybiyyah. Rasulullaah {£§$1 decided to send one of the Sahabah l@!2®« to 
the Quraysh so he called for Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab Js3S«@» for this ask. 
Hadhrat Umar S»2®e> said, "O Rasulullaah g§§§! (Although I am willing to fulfil 
your command) I am the most detested person in their sight and if they cause me 
any harm, there shall be none from (my tribe) the Bani Ka'b who will stand up for 
me. Rather send Hadhrat Uthmaan JiSjaStsS* because he has family in Makkah and 
he will be able to convey exactly what you want." 

Rasulullaah &M therefore called for Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan JUI^SS© and 
sent him to the Quraysh. Rasulullaah &£ briefed him saying, "Tell them that we 
have not tome to fight but have come only to perform Umrah. Invite them to 
Islaam as well." Rasulullaah £$$• also instructed him to meet the Muslim men 
and women in Makkah and to give them the glad tidings of victory and that 
Allaah shall soon make His Deen dominant in Makkah so that none would 
have to keep their Imaan a secret. Rasulullaah && sent Hadhrat Uthmaan 
W&8&?) with this message to give the Muslims courage. 

Hadhrat Uthmaan a$x®>9 left for Makkah and passed a group of the Quraysh at a 
place called Baldah. When they asked him where he was headed, he informed 
them that Rasulullaah W$i had sent him to invite them towards Allaah and 
towards Islaam and to tell them that the Muslims have not come to fight but only 
to perform Umrah. Hadhrat Uthmaan S82®» then gave them the Da'wah to 
Islaam as Rasulullaah i^M had instructed him. They said, "We hear what you 
say. You may proceed to fulfil your task." Abaan bin Sa'eed bin Al Aas then stood 
up, welcomed Hadhrat Uthmaan $£$&!!&$ and guaranteed his safety. He saddled 
his horse and allowed Hadhrat Uthmaan JsJSsSaSei to sit in front as they rode to 
Makkah. 

Thereafter, the Quraysh sent Budayl bin Waraqaa and someone from the Banu 
Kinaana to meet Rasulullaah ®Hi. After this, they sent Urwa bin Mas'ood 
Thaqafi. The Hadith still continues further. (1) 

The Words of Hadhrat Umar ^§J)a@je> Concerning 
the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas W&8&0 narrates that Hadhrat Umar JUSiS®* said, 
"Rasulullaah {JS§li entered into a peace treaty with the people of Makkah and 
conceded to many things. Had Rasulullaah {Ji$| appointed an Ameer over me 
who did as Rasulullaah ®i» did, I would have not listened to or obeyed him. 
Amongst the clauses in their favour was that anyone from the ranks of the 
Kuffaar who joined the Muslims was to be returned while anyone who joined the 
Kuffaar would not have to be returned." (2) 



(1) Ibn Asaakir and ibn Abi Shayba as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.288). Ibn Abi Shayba has 
also narrated it in detail from another source but also on the authority of Hadhrat Urwa iaKsSa*. 
This is also quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.290). Bayhaqi (Vol.5 Pg.286) has also quoted it 
from Moosa bin Aqba. 

(2) Ibn Sa'd as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.286). The narration is authentic. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B$$i$si> (Vol-1) 177 

The Words of Hadhrat Abu Bakr &ffi&$ Concerning 
the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr &&I6&9 used to say, "There has never been a victory in Islaam 
greater than the victory at Hudaybiyyah but the people on that day were unable 
to understand what Muhammad HUffliJUt and his Rabb were doing. While man is 
hasty, Allaah does not have the haste man has because of which matters 
condense to what Allaah has intended. On the occasion of the Farewell Hajj I 
have seen Suhayl bin Amr standing at the place where animals were being 
slaughtered, taking Rasulullaah fail's camel closer to him. Rasulullaah $$$§ slaughtered 
it with his own hand and then called for someone who shaved off his hair. I then 
saw Suhayl snatching up the hair of Rasulullaah @jf3$£ and even saw him placing 
it on his eyes. I then thought that it was the same Suhayl who on the occasion 
of Hudaybiyyah had refused to allow the writing of ^^jJI^jJIajui^*-* and had 
refused the writing of 'Muhammad the Rasool of Allaah'. I then praised Allaah 
Who had guided him to islaam." (1) 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 'tg!$®& Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JgJJJSSSS narrates that when they left the trench after the 
Battle of Ahzaab, he gathered some people from the Quraysh who usually shared 
his opinions and who did as he said. He said to them, "As you know, I am of the 
opinion that the Deen of Muhammad shall dominate all others in a very 
unpleasant manner. However, I see a solution so tell me what you think." When 
the people asked what he "thought, Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas Wi%$&$ said, "I think 
that we should join Najaashi (in Abyssinia) and remain there. If Muhammad is 
victorious, we shall be with Najaashi and being under his rule is better than 
being under the rule of Muhammad. On the other hand, if our people are 
victorious, then they would still know us and we can expect only good from 
them." "This is an excellent opinion," they all agreed. Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 
SJ!3®« then told them to collect some articles to offer as gifts to Najaashi and 
because Najaashi liked most the leather from these parts, they collected a large 
amount of leather. Taking this along, they finally reached Najaashi. 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas W&&& narrates further. He says, "By Allaah! We had 
reached the court of Najaashi when Amr bin Umayyah Damri arrived. Rasulullaah 
Wife had sent him to Najaashi to speak to him about Ja'far WSsSJ&g and other 
Sahabah $&$&&$ (who had migrated to Abyssinia). Amr bin Umayyah entered 
Najaasjhi's court and then came out again. I said to my companions, 'This is Amr 
bin Umayyah. If I go to Najaashi and ask request that he (Amr bin Umayyah) be 
handed over to me so that I could kill him, the Quraysh would feel that I have 
avenged them by killing the envoy of Rasulullaah OfflHOi.' I then entered the court 
of Najaashi and bowed before him as I always did. He said, 'A hearty welcome to 
my friend. Have you brought me any gifts from your land?' Yes, O King,' I replied, 
'I have brought you plenty leather.' I then brought it before him. He was well 

(1) Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.286). 



178 TH£ LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$$% (Vol-1) 

pleased because it was what he liked. I then said to him, 'O King! 1 happened to 
see someone leaving your presence who is an envoy of our enemy. Hand him 
over to me so that I may kill him because he has caused harm to our leaders and 
nobles."* 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas i&&&& says, "Najaashi became extremely angry. He 
extended his hand and hit his nose so hard that I thought he had broken it. Had 
the ground opened up just then, I would have certainly dived into it out of fear. I 
said to him, 'O King! I would have never mentioned this had I known that you 
would dislike it.' He said, You are asking me to hand over to you the envoy of 
that person who is visited by the great spirit (Hadhrat Jibra'eel W&&) who visited 
Moosa so that you could kill him!?' I said, 'O King! Is he really?' Najaashi replied, 
'Shame on you, O Amr! Listen to me. Follow him for I swear by Allaah that he is 
certainly on the truth. He shall definitely conquer those who oppose him just as 
Moosa the son of Imraan #§8&£ defeated Fir'oun and his armies.'" 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas &&&$> then asked Najaashi, "Will you accept my pledge 
of allegiance on his behalf?" "Certainly," replied Najaashi. He then stretched out 
his hands and Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JS8SSSB& pledged his allegiance to islaam. 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas W&&&& then met with his companions with a changed 
frame of mind and kept secret his conversion to islaam. He later left to meet 
Rasulullaah $$& and to accept Islaam at his hands and met Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed who was travelling from Makkah. This occurred not long before the 
conquest of Makkah. 

Hadhrat Amr J£R2i@# asked Hadhrat Khaalid S))3ffl&, "Where are you heading, O 
Abu Salmaan?" Hadhrat Khaalid S)!2(@# replied, "By Allaah! Matters are now 
crystal clear. The man is certainly a Nabi. By Allaah! I am going to accept Islaam. 
Until when (will we continue avoiding the issue)?" Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas }&!.©©» 
said, "By Allaah! I have also come to accept Islaam." The two then arrived in 
Madinah to meet Rasulullaah Wti%. Hadhrat Khaalid Js3l2j@» went forward, 
accepted Islaam and pledged his allegiance to Rasulullaah gs^. Hadhrat Amr bin 
Al Aas &$&$ then drew close to Rasulullaah i &^ and said, "O Rasulullaah {js^! 
May I pledge my allegiance to you on condition that all my past sins be forgiven. 
I am also unaware of what sins may occur in the future." Rasulullaah &% said to 
him, "O Amr! You may pledge your allegiance because Islaam surely obliterates 
all past sins and Hijrah also obliterates all past sins." Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 
&&$&> then pledged his allegiance to Rasulullaah &&H and left. (l) 
In a more detailed and appealing narration of Bayhaqi reported from Waaqidi, 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas J£82®8 is stated to have said, "I travelled (from Abyssinia) 
until I reached a place called Hada where I noticed two men not far ahead of me 
who were pitching camp there. One of them was inside the tent while the other 
was holding on to the conveyances. When I looked carefully, I saw that it was 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W5$&&. When I asked him where he was headed, he 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.142). Ahmad and Tabraani have also 
reported the Hadith in detail from Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas &HRS& and Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.35l) has 
mentioned that both chains of narrators are authentic. 



] 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&>$&& (Vol-D 179 

replied, 'To Muhammad. Everyone is accepting Islaam and there is none with any 
discernment who has not. By Allaahl if I were to remain (a Mushrik), our necks 
would be grabbed just as a badger is grabbed from its den by the neck.' I said to 
him, 'By Allaah! I also intend meeting Muhammad SJJSai and accepting islaam.' 
Hadhrat uthmaan bin Talha SSasjSSg then emerged from the tent and welcomed 
me. We all then settled down together. We travelled together until we reached 
Madinah." 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas W&3&6 continues the story saying, "I shall never forget 
the words of a person we met at Abu Utba well. (Calling for his slave) He shouted, 
'O Rabaah!, O Rabaah! O Rabaah!' (Because Rabaah means success) We took a 
god omen from his call, which made us very happy. He then looked at us and I 
heard him say, 'After these two, Makkah has already given us her leadership.' I 
guessed that he was referring to myself and Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S).®ffi!® . 
He then turned and rushed towards the Masjid to give Rasulullaah %$$- the news 
of our arrival, I assumed. It was as I assumed. We then settled our camels at a 
place called Harra and wore the best of our clothing, the Adhaan was then called 
out for the Asr salaah and we left to meet Rasulullaah W®i. When we reached 
him, his face was resplendent like the full moon and the Muslims around him 
were delighted that we had come to accept Islaam." 

"Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SH2®« went forward and pledged his allegiance to 
Rasulullaah £JS3£l Thereafter, Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Talha SJS®!« pledged his 
allegiance to Rasulullaah &S&. I then went forward and sat before him. By 
Allaah! I was unable to lift my gaze out of respect for him. I then pledged my 
allegiance to him on condition that all my past sins be forgiven and that I am 
unaware of what sins may occur in the future. Rasulullaah W$i said, 'Islaam 
surely obliterates all past sins and Hijrah also obliterates all past sins.' By Allaah! 
After accepting Islaam Rasulullaah t &^ never equated any of the other Sahabah 
W&®& with myself and Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed iaKS®& when it concerned 
matters that worried him (military matters)." (1) 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed Wfflffi Accepted 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed J&R2®* says that when Allaah decided that good 
head his way, Allaah created the desire within his heart to accept Islaam and 
opened many avenues to him. He says, "I said to myself, 'I fought every battle 
against Rasulullaah £$ijf but after each battle 1 got the feeling that all this 
running about was futile because there was no doubt that Rasulullaah ($$1 would 
eventually emerge victorious. When Rasulullaah ($§§§ arrived at Hudaybiyyah, I 
led a contingent of Mushrikeen horsemen and faced Rasulullaah ^§ at a place 
called Usfaan where we intended launching an attack. Rasulullaah £!$! led the 
Sahabah '&g®&s> in the Zuhr salaah and we saw a perfect opportunity to attack. 
However, we were undecided and did not attack, which was best. Rasulullaah 



(1) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.237) 



180 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&■&$&& (Vol-D 

{JSSI was aware of our intention (through revelation) and when he led the Asr 
salaah, he performed Salaatul Khowf^. This had an impact upon us and we were 
left saying, .'This man is certainly protected (by Allaah).' Rasulullaah d$i? then 
steered clear of us and took a path towards the right that led away from the path 
of our horses." . 

Continuing the story, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W&&& says, "Rasulullaah &S$gf 
then entered into a treaty with the Quraysh at Hudaybiyyah when the Quraysh 
managed to save their necks (by opting for a treaty rather than a battle). 1 then 
said to myself, "What is left now? Where shall I run? To Najaashi? He is already a 
follower of Muhammad W$i and the Sahabah $&&$&& are living peacefully with 
him. Should I go to Heraclius. where I will have to forsake my religion for 
Christianity or Judaism and live with foreigners? Should I rather stay at home 
with those left here?' I was still in this dilemma when Rasulullaah W®£ came to 
Makkah to perform the umrah they had missed the previous year. I made myself 
scarce and did not see them enter Makkah. My brother Waleed bin Waleed also 
arrived in Makkah with Rasulullaah f£p$| and looked for me. He was unable to 
find me and left a letter for me which read: 

In the name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most Merciful 

I have seen nothing more astonishing than the fact that someone as 

intelligent as you has not yet decided to accept Islaam. How can 

anyone remain in the dark about a religion as great as Islaam? When 

Rasulullaah W$£ asked where you were, I told him that Allaah will 

soon bring you. He said, "How can a person like Khaalid remain 

unaware of a religion like Islaam? It would be best for him to spend his 

efforts and energies with the Muslims and we shall put him ahead of 

others." 

O my brother! You have missed tremendous opportunities so please 

make amends. 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed !§}G3Sb!» says, "After reading this letter, i was inspired 
to leave for Madinah and my inclination towards Islaam increased. It pleased me 
to think that Rasulullaah £i$l had actually asked about me. During this time, I 
dreamt that I was in a constricted and drought-stricken land after which I went 
to a land that was vastand fertile. This, I thought, is certainly a true dream. I 
thought that I should definitely relate this dream to Hadhrat Abu Bakr JI8j3@£ 
when I reached Madinah; (When he related it to Hadhrat Abu Bakr $®ffi&6,) 
Hadhrat Abu ; Bakr SiSS®^ said, Your leaving the place was the guidance Allaah 
gave; you towards Islaam and the constricted place was the Shirk you had been 



(l) This is a special method of performing salaah during threatening situations in which a part of the 
congregation faces the enemy while the other part performs the salaah. During the salaah, the 
group facing the enemy will join the congregation while the group that had already performed 
part of the salaah will stand facing the enemy. The, details of. this salaah can be found in the 
detailed books of Islaamic jurisprudence. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&!&§) (Vol-1) 181 

involved with.'" 

"When I made up my mind to leave for Rasulullaah <^i, I wondered who would 
accompany me. I approached Safwaan bin Umayyah and said to him, 'O Abu 
Wahab! Do you not see the situation we find ourselves in? We are as few as the 
molars (in the mouth). Muhammad (jjj&Si has dominated the Arabs and 
non-Arabs. I feel that we should meet him and follow him then his honour shall 
be ours.' Safwaan vehemently rejected the offer and said, 'I shall never follow him 
even though I am the last person left!' Leaving him; I said to myself, 'Both his 
brother and father had been killed in the Battle of Badr (because of which he is 
so reluctant to accept islaam).' I then met Ikrama bin Abi Jahal and told him what 
I had mentioned to Safwaan. His response was similar to that of Safwaan. 
Nevertheless, I told him to keep it a secret and he agreed not to breathe a word 
to anyone." 

"I then went home and had my conveyance prepared. As I was riding out, I met 
Uthmaan bin Talha and said to myself, 'He is a good friend of mine. Perhaps I 
should tell him what I intend doing.' I then remembered that many of his 
relatives had been killed (by the Muslims in battle) and it would not be 
appropriate to mention it to him. However, it occurred to me that here was no 
harm in telling him since I was already on my way. I therefore spoke to him 
about. -the (unfavourable) results of our efforts (against the Muslims) and said, 
'We are jUst like a fox in his hole who will have to emerge as soon as a bucket of 
water is thrown down the hole.' I. also told him what I had mentioned to my two 
friends earlier. He immediately accepted what 1 said. I told him that I was leaving 
that very day and that "my transport was ready and waiting at a place called Faj. 
We then decided to meet at a place called Yajuj where I was to wait for him if I 
arrived first, otherwise he would wait for me if he arrived first." 
"We left our homes very early in the morning and met at Yajuj before the break of 
dawn. We then proceeded together from there and when we reached Hada, we 
met Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JS8^i@89. After he had welcomed us and we had 
welcomed him, he asked us where we were heading. We asked him what had 
brought him from his home and he asked us the same question. We then said to 
him, *We intend entering the fold of Islaam and following Muhammad @il .' He 
responded by saying, 'That is exactly what has brought me.' We then joined forces 
until we reached Madinah where we left our conveyances at a place called Harra. 
Rasulullaah QH$$it was already informed about our arrival and was very pleased. I 
wore my best clothes and headed for Rasulullaah UlSSr." 

"My brother met me and said, 'Hurry! Rasulullaah dSSIH has been informed about 
you and is pleased about your arrival. He is eagerly waiting for you." We walked 
hastily until we arrived and Rasulullaah W®s smiled with me until I came in front 
of him. I greeted him as the Nabi of Allaah and he replied to my greeting with a 
smiling face. I then said, 'I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah 
and that you are Allaah's Rasul.' He called me closer and said, 'All praise belongs 
to Allaah Who has guided you. when I saw your intelligence I hoped that it would 



182 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 

inspire you only to do good.' I then said, "O Rasulullaah £18$! I keep thinking of 
the battles I fought against you in opposition to the truth. Pray to Allaah to 
forgive me.' Rasulullaah £$£ said, 'Accepting Islaam obliterates all previous 
sins.' I said, 'O Rasulullaah W&\ Despite that (still pray for me).' He prayed, 'O 
Allaah! Forgive Khaalid bin Waleed for all the efforts he exerted to prevent people 
from the path of Allaah.' Thereafter, Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Talha ©J®SS» and 
Hadhrat Amr JSSSffife' came forward and pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah 
&$. We had arrived in Madinah during the month of Safar, eight years after 
the Hijrah. By Allaah! Rasulullaah £$& never equated any of the other 
Sahabah i@13@« with me when it concerned matters that worried him (military 
matters)." (1) 

The Conquest of Makkah 

Rasulullaah &% Leaves Madinah and Camps at 

Marruz Zahraan 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas &Wo narrates that when Rasulullaah &$% lea 
Madinah (for Makkah), he appointed Abu Ruhm Kulthoom bin Husayn Ghifaari 
&&0&6 as the Ameer of Madinah. He left on the tenth of Ramadhaan while he 
and the Sahabah $9!3®# were fasting. They broke their fasts when they reached 
Kudayd which was* an oasis between Usfaan and Amj. Rasulullaah {H^ then 
proceeded with the ten thousand Sahabah $&&&» until they set up camp at 
Marruz Zahraan. There were also a thousand people from the Muzayna and 
Sulaym tribes and every tribe had'ferought provisions and weapons. Every one of 
the Muhaajireen and Ansaar left with Rasulullaah W®£ without anyone 
remaining behind. 

The Leaders of the Quraysh Spy on the Muslims 

By the time Rasulullaah $$& reached Marruz Zahraan, the Quraysh were still in 
the dark. No news about Rasulullaah <&®it had reached them and they had no 
idea what he was doing, that night Abu Sufyaan bin Harb, Hakeem bin Hizaam 
and Budayl bin Warqa left Makkah on a spying expidition to see if they could see 
or hear any news. 

Hadhrat Abbaas 0$%®% had joined Rasulullaah {jjHiiSS on the road and it was also 
on the road from Madinah to Makkah that Abu Sufyaan bin Haarith bin Abdil 
Muttalib (Rasulullaah ®§£'s cousin) and Abdullaah bin Abi Umayyah bin 
Mughiera (Rasulullaah {H^'s cousin and brother-in-law) came to meet 
Rasulullaah $$!% to seek permission to join him. Hadhrat Umm Salma SS®@« 
interceded on their behalf saying, "The one is your cousin (father's brother's son) 
and the other is your cousin (father's sister's son) as well as your brother-in-law 



(1) Waaqidi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.238). ibn Asaakir has also narrated a 
similar Hadith in much detail as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg.30). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$& (Vol-1) 183 

(my brother)." Rasulullaah {Ja^f said, "I have no need for either of them. As for my 
father's brother's son, he humiliated me in Makkah and my father's sister's son 
and brother-in-law is the one who made (derogatory) statements about me." 
When the news reached the two, Abu Sufyaan who had a child with him said, "By 
Allaah! if Rasulullaah {^$1 does not permit me (to join him), I shall have to take 
this child in my hands and set out with him in the wilderness until we die of 
thirst and hunger." when Rasulullaah g|®£ heard about this statement, he felt 
them sorry and permitted them to join. They both joined the Muslims and 
accepted lslaam. 

Hadhrat Abbaas W&&6 Encourages the Quraysh to 
Appeal for Amnesty 

When the Muslims camped at Marruz Zahraan, Hadhrat Abbaas &$$&% said, "The 
Quraysh are destroyed! By Allaah! If Rasulullaah ®*ii were to enter Makkah by 
force before the Quraysh seek amnesty from him, it would signal the eternal 
destruction of the Quraysh." He then mounted the white mule belonging to 
Rasulullaah W8& and set out towards Makkah until he reached a place called 
Araak, thinking that he may meet some woodcutter, someone milking an animal 
or anyone else who had come out for some need. He could then inform them of 
where Rasulullaah W$& was so that they could seek amnesty from him before he 
entered Makkah by force. 

The Incident of Abu Sufyaan with Hadhrat Abbaas 
and Hadhrat Umar jg9&5@$ 

Hadhrat Abbaas JgiMSffiSsi continues to say that he was still searching for someone 
when he heard the voices of Abu Sufyaan and Budayl bin Waraqa, who were 
talking to each other. Abu Sufyaan was saying, "By Allaah! To this day I have 
never seen such a large concentration of campfires nor as large an army." Budayl 
bin Waraqa said, "By Allaah! These are the campfires of the Khuzaa'ah tribe, it 
appears as if a war has lit them." Abu Sufyaan commented, "By Allaah! The 
Khuzaa'ah tribe is smaller than this. This cannot be their fires and army." 
Recognizing the voice of Abu Sufyaan, Hadhrat Abbaas ©13^ called out, "O Abu 
Handhala!" Recognising Hadhrat Abbaas t's voice, Abu Sufyaan called out, "O Abul 
Fadhl!" When Hadhrat Abbaas SJ|3®« confirmed that it was he, Abu Sufyaan 
asked, "May my parents be sacrificed for you! What are you doing here?" Hadhrat 
Abbaas &&&& replied, "Shame on you, O Abu Sufyaan! Here is Rasulullaah ^^ 
with the people! By Allaah! The Quraysh shall surely be destroyed!" Abu Sufyaan 
asked, "May my parents be sacrificed for you! What is the way out?" Hadhrat 
Abbaas W&#&t> replied, "if Rasulullaah (^i gets hold of you, he will surely have 
your head. Mount this mule with me so that I may take you to Rasulullaah (JSSI 
to seek amnesty from him." Consequently, Abu Sufyaan's two companions 
returned and he mounted the mule with Hadhrat Abbaas i&&S&t>, who speedily 
took him to Rasulullaah &M. 



184 , THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 

Whenever they passed by any Muslim campfire, people would ask, "Who goes 
there?" However, when they saw the mule of Rasulullaah {JH^, they would say, 
"The uncle of Rasulullaah && on his mule." However, when they passed the 
campfire of Hadhrat Umar WSffl&Z, he challenged, "Who goes there?" and stood 
up before them. When he saw Abu Sufyaan on the back of the mule, he called 
out, "The enemy of Allaah! All praise belongs to Allaah who has handed you over 
without any truce or amnesty." He then ran to Rasulullaah &|$! and Hadhrat 
Abbaas JsS3@»ei spurred the mule on until he beat Hadhrat Umar 5gl!3@g as 
animals usually beat people on foot. Hadhrat Abbaas ©JSsSSgi then leapt from the 
mule and met Rasulullaah £D££L Hadhrat Umar S.^®*© also arrived just then and 
said, "O Rasulullaah gf$£! Here is Abu Sufyaan. Allaah has handed him over 
without any truce or amnesty. Allow me to execute him." 
Hadhrat Abbaas SiS^SsS© intervened by saying, "O Rasulullaah {^i! I have granted 
him amnesty." Hadhrat Abbaas 5S3S3@& then sat with Rasulullaah &§ and said, 
"O Rasulullaah &SH!?! There was none but I who spoke in confidence with Abu 
Sufyaan tonight." As Hadhrat Umar *gK»j@>s> increased his protests concerning Abu 
Sufyaan, Hadhrat Abbaas W&&& said to him, "That will do. By Allaah! Had he 
been from (your tribe) the Banu Adi bin Ka'b, you would have not spoken like 
this. You are saying these things only because you know that he belongs to the 
Banu Abd Manaaf tribe." To this, Hadhrat Umar *sX«@ei replied, "Take it easy,. O 
Abbaas! Your entry into Islaam pleased me more than if my own father had 
accepted Islaam. This*was only because I knew that your entry into Islaam 
pleased Rasulullaah {JiSSf more than if Khattaab (my father) had accepted 
Islaam." Rasulullaah W®i then said to Hadhrat Abbaas &!$&?>, "Take him to your 
tent and bring him back in the morning." Hadhrat Abbaas 513!^®* then took Abu 
Sufyaan to his tent where he spent the night. The next morning, they proceeded 
to Rasulullaah &&. 

Abu Sufyaan Testifies to the Perfect Nature of 
Rasulullaah £M-e and Enters the Fold of Islaam 

When Rasulullaah {J§$§ saw Abu Sufyaan, he said, "Shame on you, O Abu 
Sufyaan! Has the time not come for you to testify that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "May my parents be sacrificed for you! 
You are so noble, lenient and good towards relatives! I am now convinced that 
had there been any deity besides Allaah, he would have surely been of some help 
to me." Rasulullaah (JSSI then said, "Shame on you, O Abu Sufyaan! Has the time 
not come for you to testify that I am Allaah's Rasul?" Abu Sufyaan replied, "May 
my parents be sacrificed for you! You are so noble, lenient and good towards 
relatives! Until now, I have always had reservations about this:" Hadhrat Abbaas 
5S3£5®& then said, "Shame on you, O Abu Sufyaan! Accept Islaam and testify that 
there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad WHOfe is Allaah's 
Rasul before you are executed." Hadhrat Abbaas JiBSS!»© narrates that it was then 
that Abu Sufyaan testified to the true Shahaadah and accepted Islaam. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$%&& (Vol-1) 185 

Those to Whom Rasulullaah &§ Granted Amnesty 
on the Day the Muslims Conquered Makkah 

Hadhrat Abbaas SSDSs©® then said, "O Rasulullaah &j$if! Abu Sufyaan enjoys fame, 
so allow him some." Rasulullaah &8J& agreed and said, "Whoever enters the 
house of Abu Sufyaan shall be safe. Whoever locks his door shall be safe. 
Whoever enters the Masjid shall be safe." As Abu Sufyaan was leaving, 
Rasulullaah ^M said, "O Abbaas! Keep him in the valley at the point where the 
mountain protrudes so that he may witness the armies of Allaah marching by." 
Hadhrat Abbaas WH^&6 says that in compliance with the instruction of 
Rasulullaah &!$•, he took Abu Sufyaan to the point where the valley narrowed. 
The various tribes then began passing by him, each bearing their flags. When a 
tribe passed by, Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they, O Abbaas?" "They are the 
Banu Sulaym tribe," came the reply. To this, Abu Sufyaan would say, "What have I 
to do with the Banu Sulaym (Why should they be marching against us)?" When 
another tribe passed, Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they, O Abbaas?" When 
Hadhrat Abbaas W&8&9 informed him that they were the Muzaynah tribe, Abu 
Sufyaan said, "What have I to do with the Muzaynah tribe?" This continued until 
all the tribes had passed. Each time a tribe passed, Abu Sufyaan would ask, "Who 
are they, O Abbaas?" When informed, Abu Sufyaan would say, "What have I to do 
with them?" 

Eventually, Rasulullaah gfiiir passed by with a large group that included the 
Muhaajireen and Ansaar. (Because of their armour and helmets) Nothing but the 
whites of their eyes were visible. Abu Sufyaan exclaimed, "Subhaanallaah! Who 
are they, O Abbaas!" "That," replied, Hadhrat Abbaas SI3@*£, "is Rasulullaah ^^ 
with the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar." Abu Sufyaan said, "None has the power or 
capacity to resist them. O Abul Fadhl! I swear by Allaah! The empire of your 
nephew has certainly become enormous." Hadhrat Abbaas W&&t> said, "O Abu 
Sufyaan! This is Nabuwaat (an not the average kingly empire)." Abu Sufyaan 
acknowledged this by saying, "Indeed, now that you mention it." Hadhrat Abbaas 
&&&& then said to him, "Go to your people (and inform them about what is 
happening)." 

Abu Sufyaan then left and came to the people of Makkah, shouting at the top of 
his voice, "O Quraysh! Muhammad is on his way with an army that you have no 
power to restrain. Whoever enters the house of Abu Sufyaan shall be' safe." His 
wife Hind bint Utba stood before him and grabbed hold of his moustache saying, 
"Kill this dark wretch! He brings ill news!" Abu Sufyaan said, "Shame on you 
people! Do not let this woman mislead you because Rasulullaah &ic§| is certainly 
approaching with an army that you have no power to restrain. Whoever enters 
the house of Abu Sufyaan shall be safe." 

The people said, "Shame on you! Your house shall never accommodate all of us." 
Abu Sufyaan then said, "Whoever locks the door of his house shall be safe and 
whoever enters the Masjid shall be safe." The people then dispersed towards their 



186 7H£ LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W$$8&J (Vol-D 

homes and the Masjid. (1 * 

The Manner in which Rasulullaah &$& Entered 

Makkah 

Ibn Asaakir has narrated from Waaqidi a narrati6n just like that of Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Abbaas JaSS®gi that Tabraani has narrated above. It also mentions 
that when Abu Sufyaan left (the presence of Rasulullaah £££i), Rasulullaah %&&i 
said to Hadhrat Abbaas JSJGSiSSg, "Take him to the point where the valley narrows 
as the mountain protrudes so that he may witness the armies of Allaah passing 
by." Hadhrat Abbaas W&/&& then left the main road and took Abu Sufyaan to the 
point where the valley narrowed as the mountain protruded. 
When Hadhrat Abbaas 3&!!2®tf) held Abu Sufyaan at this point, Abu Sufyaan 
protested, "Is this betrayal, .O family of Haashim?" Hadhrat Abbaas J£SSS®2 replied 
by saying, "Verily, the people of Nabuwaat never betray. I have brought you here 
for a reason." Abu Sufyaan said, "Then why did you not do this at the beginning 
and inform me that you needed to bring me here. This would have put me at 
ease." Hadhrat Abbaas ©!«&!«> replied, "It did not occur to me and that you would 
look at it this way." 

Rasulullaah QHJOMr had already arranged the lines of the Sahabah ft£&3@$ and each 
tribe began passing by with their leaders. Each battalion also passed by carrying 
their flags. The first battalion that Rasulullaah *£%$& sent forward was the Banu 
Sulaym tribe under the leadership of Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed JsllS®!*©. They 
numbered a thousand strong. They bore a small flag carried by Hadhrat Abaas 
bin Mirdaas 3S»3®ei as well as another carried by Hadhrat Khufaaf bin Nudba 
*&tl3®s). The large flag was held high by Hadhrat Hajaaj bin Ilaat SIS®©. Abu 
Sufyaan asked, "Who are they?" "That is Khaalid bin Waleed," replied Hadhrat 
Abbaas ©)3s@«. "The youngster?" asked Abu Sufyaan. "Yes," was the response. 
When Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed JsJ!2j@J© drew alongside Hadhrat Abbaas 
WS®%> with Abu Sufyaan at his side, the soldiers cried out, "Allaahu Akbar!" 
thrice before passing by. 

Thereafter Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awaam i|J!3®8> passed by leading a battalion of 
five hundred men comprising of Muhaajireen and many unknown people. They 
carried a black flag and when Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awaam HS8&I&& passed Abu 
Sufyaan, he called out "Allaahu Akbar!" thrice. His battalion echoed after him. Abu 
Sufyaan asked, "Who are they?" "That is Zubayr bin Awaam," replied Hadhrat 
Abbaas $$%%&&. 'Your sister's son?" asked Abu Sufyaan. "Yes," was the reply. 
Carrying their flag, Hadhrat Abu Dharr Ghifaari W8&&6 then passed with three 
hundred soldiers of the Ghifaar tribe. According to other scholars, it was Hadhrat 
Imaa bin Randan SJISSbS© who carried the flag. They also procalimed "Allaahu 
Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they, O 
Abul Fadhl?" "That is the tribe of Ghifaar," replied Hadhrat Abbaas ©IS®!*. "What 
have I to do with the Ghifaar tribe?" respo nded Abu Sufyaan. 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.167) has commented on the chain of narrators. Bayhaqi has also 
narrated the Hadith in detail as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.29l). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B,S%iSi>g (Vol-1) 187 

Next followed the Aslam tribe. They comprised of four hundred soldiers and bore 
two flags. One was carried by Hadhrat Buraydah bin Husayb ©13®!® while 
Hadhrat Naajiya bin A'jam &S&6 carried the other. They also called out 
"Allaahu Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. Abu Sufyaan asked, "who 
are they, O Abul Fadhl?" "ThaHs the tribe of Aslam," replied Hadhrat Abbaas 
&$&6. "What have I to do with the Aslam tribe?" responded Abu Sufyaan, "There 
has never been any dispute between us." Hadhrat Abbaas JsJJSSbSss said to him, . 
"They are a nation who have entered the fold of Islaam." 
Thereafter, five hundred men belonging to the Banu Ka'b bin Amr tribe passed by 
with Hadhrat Bishr bin Shaybaan &&$&& carrying their flag. Abu Sufyaan asked, 
"Who are they?" "They are the Ka'b bin Amr tribe," replied Hadhrat Abbaas MM. "O 
yes," acknowledged Abu Sufyaan, "they are the allies of Muhammad ^§." They 
also procalimed "Allaahu Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. 
The Muzayna tribe passed next. They were a thousand strong who included a 
hundred horsemen and they carried three flags. Their flag bearers were Hadhrat 
Nu'maan bin Muqarrin, Hadhrat Bilaal bin Haarith and Hadhrat Abdullaah bin 
Amr W3S3R&6. They also cried "Allaahu Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. 
Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they?" "That is the Muzayna tribe," replied Hadhrat 
Abbaas tgHtf&i. "What have I to do with the Muzayna tribe?" responded Abu 
Sufyaan, "They have also come to me from the peaks of their mountains with 
their weapons clattering." 

The Juhayna tribe passed next with their leader. They consisted of eight hundred 
soldiers and bore four flags. There was a flag with Hadhrat Abu Zur'ah Ma'bad bin 
Khaalid SsJISa^i, another with Hadhrat Suwayd bin Sakhr, a third with Hadhrat 
Raafi bin Makeeth W03&!> and the fourth with Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Badr 
&&$£$. They also cried "Allaahu Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. 
Thereafter, came the Kinaana tribe that consisted of the Banu Layth, the Banu 
Dhamra and Banu Sa'd bin Bakr families. They numbered two hundred and 
Hadhrat Abu Waaqid Laythi iiSiS©* bore their flag. They also cried "Allaahu 
Akbar!" thrice as they passed Abu Sufyaan. Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they?" 
"That is Banu Bakr tribe," replied Hadhrat Abbaas &&&$. Abu Sufyaan said, "Oh 
yes! By Allaah! They are a tribe of misfortune. It is because of them that 
Muhammad W0& is attacking us. (1) Swear by Allaah that they (the Quraysh) did 
not consult with me and I had no knowledge of the matter. When the news of 
what happened reached me, I was most disgusted. Nevertheless, the matter was 
predestined." Hadhrat Abbaas W&8£» said to Abu Sufyaan, "Allaah has destined good 
in this offensive of Rasulullaah W8& against you as you all enter the fold of islaam." 
Waaqidi has mentioned that he was informed by Abdullaah bin Aamir who 
narrates from Abu Amr bin Himaas that the Banu Layth marched all by 
themselves. They numbered two hundred and fifty and Hadhrat Sa'b bin 



I 



(1) After the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, the Banu Bakr tribe struck up an allegiance with the Quraysh 
while the Banu Khuzaa'ah aligned with the Muslims. However, a joint attack on the Banu 
Khuzaa'ah by the Banu Bakr and the Quraysh led to the annulment of the Treaty, allowing the 
Muslims the opportunity to march on to Makkah. Abu Sufyaan was referring to this incident. 



188 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol-1) 

Juthaama Wi%&»> carried their flag. They cried "Allaahu Akbar!" thrice as they 
passed Abu Sufyaan. When Abu Sufyaan asked who they were, Hadhrat Abbaas 
*gB2s@« informed him that they were the Banu Layth tribe. The last battalion to 
pass was that of the Banu Ash'ja tribe who numbered three hundred. They had a 
flag carried by Ma'qal bin Sanaan 3&K53®* and another carried by Hadhrat Nu'aym 
bin Mas'ood WSJ&&9. Abu Sufyaan remarked, "Of all the Arabs, they were the 
staunchest opponents of Muhammad 8131?." Hadhrat Abbaas W&I&& commented, 
"Allaah has entered Islaam into their hearts. That is the grace of Allaah." Abu 
Sufyaan then remained silent for awhile. 

Abu Sufyaan then asked, "Has the battalion of Rasulullaah {JPSI not passed?" 
Hadhrat Abbaas Wffi&$ replied, "He has not yet passed: If you see the battalion of 
Rasulullaah %j$$t, you will see only steel, horses, brave, men and an army that 
none has the power to withstand." Abu Sufyaan said, "O Abul Fadhl! By Allaah! I 
am now convinced of this. Who has the capacity to resist them?" When the 
battalion of Rasulullaah &$j& appeared, all that could be seen was large masses 
and dust rising from the hooves of horses. As they marched by in a successive 
chain, Abu Sufyaan kept asking, "Has Muhammad {JiS! not passed yet?" Hadhrat 
Abbaas W&8&& kept informing him that Rasulullaah (JiSSil had not yet passed. 
Eventually, Rasulullaah {Jl^i passed riding his camel Qaswa. He was between 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr JUfiSSfe' and Hadhrat Usayd bin Hudhayr JsSaiSSei and speaking 
to the two of them. 

Hadhrat Abbaas Wffi&£ then said, "That is Rasulullaah {Ji$i amongst a powerful 
battalion of Miihaajireen and Ansaar." The battalion carried many large and small 
flags. Every hero of the Ansaar carried a large and small flag. They were clad in 
steel armour and only the whites of their eyes were visible. Hadhrat Umar JSS3®« 
was also covered in armour and he was busy arranging the lines of the army with 
his booming voice. Abu Sufyaan asked, "O Abul Fadhl! Who is that man talking?" 
"He is Umar bin Khattaab," replied Hadhrat Abbaas Wti2t®%>. Abu Sufyaan 
remarked, "The Banu Adi (the tribe of Hadhrat Umar JiS2®«) were very few in 
number and possessed little honour. By Allaah! They have now assumed great 
prominence." Hadhrat Abbaas Wt&Ms said, "O Abu Sufyaan! Allaah elevates 
whoever He wills as He wills. Umar is indeed amongst those whom Islaam has 
elevated." The narrator of this report mentions that there were two thousand 
coats of armour in this battalion. 

Rasulullaah W$z had given his flag to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Ubaadah SIRS®* who 
was at the head of the battalion. When Hadhrat Sa'd JeSSSSsi passed by Abu 
Sufyaan with the flag of Rasulullaah (HS^i, he shouted to Abu' Sufyaan, "Today is 
the day of bloodshedl Today, the sacredness of the Haram shall be lifted! Today 
Allaah shall disgrace the Quraysh!" As Rasulullaah &H- approached and drew 
alongside Abu Sufyaan, he called out, "O Rasulullaah $$%[ Have you commanded 
that your people be killed as Sa'd and those with seemed to think as they passed 
us? He called out saying, 'O Abu Sufyaan! Today is the day of bloodshed! Today, 
the sacredness of the Haram shall be lifted! Today Allaah shall disgrace the 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&£ (Vol-D 189 

Qurayshl' Taking the name of Allaah, I plead with you on behalf of your people 
for you are the best of all people." 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf W@8&> and Hadhrat Uthmaan *g»J5®>g> both said, 
"O Rasulullaah {^«T We fear that the Quraysh may suffer an attack from Sa'd." 
Rasulullaah && then said, "O Abu Sufyaan! Today is a day of mercy. On this day 
shall Allaah give honour to the Quraysh." Then he sent a message that Hadhrat 
Sa'd %£$$&?> be relieved of the post (as flagbearer) and assigned the. task of 
bearing the flag to Hadhrat Qais S!3@« (Hadhrat Sa'd's son), (in this way) 
Rasulullaah ij§£i intended that the flag would really not leave the hands of 
Hadhrat Sa'd W@8&i> when it went to his son (and he would therefore not feel 
offended). However, Hadhrat Sa'd SIS®??) refused to surrender the flag until he 
received a signal from Rasulullaah W&. Consequently, Rasulullaah &l$i sent 
his turban to Hadhrat Sa'd i£3!2@e>, by which he acknowledged the command 
and handed the flag over to his son Hadhrat Qais &&$&?>. (1) 
Hadhrat Abu Layla W&8&9 who reports that they were with Rasulullaah Qs$tj$t 
when he informed them that Abu Sufyaan was at a place called Araak. The 
Sahabah $9!3®&i then went there and captured him. With their swords still 
sheathed, they surrounded him and brought him before Rasulullaah .{JilSSr. 
Rasulullaah fiSH said to him, "Shame on you, O Abu Sufyaan! I have brought to 
you the world as well as the Aakhirah. Accept Islaam and live in peace." 
Hadhrat Abbaas J&R«@»s> had been a friend of Abu Sufyaan, so he said, "O 
Rasulullaah {£§$§! Abu Sufyaan loves glory, so grant him some." Rasulullaah Wffl: 
therefore sent a crier to Makkah to announce, "Whoever 1 locks his door shall be 
safe! Whoever throws down his weapons shall be safe! whoever enters the 
house of Abu Sufyaan shall be safe!" Rasulullaah (H^i then sent Abu Sufyaan with 
Hadhrat Abbaas &&&$ and they both sat at the edge of the valley. When the 
Banu Sulaym tribe marched by, Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are they?" "They are the 
Banu Sulaym tribe," replied Hadhrat Abbaas ^^9. Abu Sufyaan then said, 
"What have I to do with the Banu Sulaym tribe?" 

Thereafter, Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib JiS^SSs came at the head of the 
Muhaajireen. It was when Rasulullaah Si$| arrived amongst the Ansaar that Abu 
Sufyaan asked, "O Abbaas! Who are they?" Hadhrat Abbaas S}!2i&!# said, "They are 
the red death (people unafraid to spill the blood of their enemies). That is 
Rasulullaah W$s with the Ansaar." Abu Sufyaan commented, "I have seen the 
kingdom of the Kisra and the kingdom of the Caesar but I have never seen 
anything like the kingdom of your nephew." Hadhrat Abbaas ©la®*© said, "This is 
(not a mere kingdom but the greater kingdom of) Nabuwaat." (2) 
Hadhrat Urwa &&$&?> narrates that Rasulullaah i$$£ left (Madinah) with an army 
of twelve thousand comprising of the Muhaajireen, the Ansaar, the Aslam tribe, 
the Ghifaar tribe, the Juhayna tribe and the Banu Sulaym tribe. They Jed with 
horses and (were so fast that) they reached Marruz Zahraan (close to Makkah) 
without the Quraysh even knowing abou t them. The Quraysh sent Hakeem bin 

(l)Kanzu/Ummaa]<yo\.5Pg.29S). 

12) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.170) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



190 . THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WSmBrt) (Vol-D 

Hizaam and Abu Sufyaan to Rasulullaah 03SSI with instructions to either secure a 
peace treaty with Rasulullaah W®£ or declare war against him. Abu Sufyaan and 
Hakeem bin Hizaam left (for Madinah). On the way they met Budayl bin Waraqa 
and asked him to accompany them. 

When they reached an area of Makkah called Araak at the time of Isha, they 
noticed many tents and an army. They also heard tne neighing* of horses. This 
frightened them and they grew scared. They said, "This is the Banu Ka'b tribe 
whom war has gathered here." Budayl observed, "They are more than the Banu 
Ka'b. All of them combined cannot equal this number. Could the Hawaazin tribe 
be searching for grass in our territory? By Allaah! We cannot even say this. These 
numbers are like those of people performing Hajj." 

Rasulullaah <JS$| had sent horsemen ahead of the army to capture spies. <In 
addition to this,) The Banu Khuzaa'ah tribe lived along the road and were not 
allowing anyone to pass. As soon as Abu Sufyaan and his companions entered 
the Muslim army, the horsemen captured them in the darkness of the night and 
took them to Rasulullaah i ^§. Abu Sufyaan and his companions now feared that 
they would surely lose their lives. Hadhrat Umar SS^®^ stood up before Abu 
Sufyaan and slapped him on his neck. The people stuck close to Abu Sufyaan and 
took him away to be presented before Rasulullaah ^§. Abu Sufyaan feared that 
he would now be killed. Since Hadhrat Abbaas JaiBSSsSfci had been a close friend of 
Abu Sufyaan during the Period of Ignorance, he called out at the top of his voice, 
"Will you not hand me over to Abbaas?" Hadhrat Abbaas iSJJSSS* arrived and 
dispersed everyone from Abu Sufyaan. Hadhrat Abbaas SUISSE requested 
Rasulullaah OsHM to make Abu Sufyaan over to him. In the meantime, the news of 
Abu Sufyaan being there spread throughout the army. Hadhrat Abbaas W&®% 
mounted his animal with Abu Sufyaan that night and rode around the army 
with him until they had seen him. 

When he slapped Abu Sufyaan on his neck, Hadhrat Umar WS&&& told him, "By 
Allaah! You shall die before you even draw near to Rasulullaah (JIM." He 
therefore sought help from Hadhrat Abbaas 2£JI2i@# and said, "I shall surely be 
killed." Hadhrat Abbaas &&&& therefore protected him from assaulting him. 
When Abu Sufyaan saw the large numbers of people and their great discipline, he 
commented, "Never before have I seen a concentration of people as I see 
tonight." After rescuing him from the people, Hadhrat Abbaas HS$2®% said to Abu 
Sufyaan, "You will certainly be killed if you do not accept Islaam and do not 
testify that Muhammad {H^f is Allaah's Rasool. As much as Abu Sufyaan wanted 
to say what Hadhrat Abbaas Wiffi&& had told him, he could not get his tongue to 
do so. He then spent the night with Hadhrat Abbaas $fl&®&. As for Hakeem bin 
Hizaam and Budayl bin Waraqa, they both went to Rasulullaah $$% and 
accepted Islaam. Rasulullaah £$!££ then asked them about the people of Makkah. 
When the Fajr Adhaan was called out, everyone gathered and waited for the 
salaah to begin. Abu Sufyaan became alarmed and asked, "O Abbaas! What are 
you people going to do?" Hadhrat Abbaas 3&R2@jiS replied, "The Muslims are 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH mw&b (Vol-D 191 

awaiting the arrival of Rasulullaah ^^." Hadhrat Abbaas 2§J2@>s> took Abu 
Sufyaan along with him outside. When Abu Sufyaan saw the Muslims, he asked, 
"Do they do anything that Rasulullaah {JiS!? commands them?" "Yes," replied 
Hadhrat Abbaas J£J!iS@», "they will even stop eating and drinking if Rasulullaah 
(^S§ commands them." Abu Sufyaan then asked, "Ask him if he will forgive his 
people." Hadhrat Abbaas $8J!3@# then took him along to Rasulullaah Wfe and 
said, "O Rasulullaah SSS£i Here is Abu Sufyaan." 

Abu Sufyaan said, "O Muhammad! I prayed to my god for help and you prayed to 
yours for help. By Allaah! It is evident to me that you have defeated me. Had my 
god been true and yours false, 1 would have certainly defeated you." He then 
testified that that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad {$$£ is Allaah's Rasul. Hadhrat Abbaas WS8&& then requested, "O 
Rasulullaah (£i$l! Permit me to go to your people (the Quraysh in Makkah) to 
warn them about what is about to befall them and to invite them towards Allaah 
and His Rasool." When Rasulullaah WSk granted him permission, Hadhrat 
Abbaas 0$%&£ asked, "What shall I tell them, O Rasulullaah "SUP? Give me some 
assurance of safety so that they may rest at ease." Rasulullaah £i$i said, "Tell 
them that the person will be safe who testifies that there is none worthy of 
worship but the One Allaah Who has no partner and that Muhammad 8iS§ is 
Allaah's servant and Rasul. The person who throws down his weapons and sits 
near the Kabah shall also be safe and the person who locks his door will also 
remain safe." 

Hadhrat Abbaas W&&6 then said, "O Rasulullaah ^SH-l Abu Sufyaan is our 
cousin and he wishes to return with me. Allow him something that will give him 
repute." Rasulullaah ®$!f said, "(Also tell the people that) Whoever enters the 
house of Abu Sufyaan will be safe and whoever enters the house of Hakeem bin 
Hizaam will also be safe." Rasulullaah W& said this because Abu Sufyaan's 
house was in the upper end of Makkah and the house of Hakeem bin Hizaam 
was in the lower end. Abu Sufyaan understood these announcements well. 
Rasulullaah &§ then gave Hadhrat Abbaas 08$S8&& the white mule that Hadhrat 
Dihya Kalbi 5£tl3@# had given him as a gift and he left on it with Abu Sufyaan 
mounted behind him. 

When Hadhrat Abbaas W&8&t> had left, Rasulullaah ^SOfe sent some of the 
Sahabah '$&&%&& after him with instructions to catch up with him and call him 
back. Rasulullaah <$&£ also informed them about his fears concerning Abu 
Sufyaan. When the messenger conveyed the message to Hadhrat Abbaas 5s312ffiS£, 
he did not like to return and said, "Does Rasulullaah %$!& fear that Abu Sufyaan 
would forsake islaam to join the few people (in Makkah) and commit kufr after 
accepting imaan?" The messenger then told Hadhrat Abbaas O6M&9 to keep Abu 
Sufyaan there, which he did. When he did this, Abu Sufyaan asked, "Is this 
betrayal, O family of Haashim?" To this Hadhrat Abbaas 06X88$% replied, "We never 
betray anyone. I just need you to do something." "Tell me what it is so that I may 
do it for you," complied Abu Sufyaan. Hadhrat Abbaas i&DS®!*?) responded by 



192 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WX%8$& (Vol-D 

saying, "You will know what it is when Khaalid bin Waleed and Zubayr bin 
Awaam arrive." 

Hadhrat Abbaas Sl!3®g> waited by a narrow pass just ahead of Araak and Marruz 
Zahraan. Abu Sufyaan kept the words of Hadhrat Abbaas JiSwSSsi in mind as 
Rasulullaah *&§§ dispatched the various battalions of horsemen one after the 
other. Rasulullaah W$£ divided the horsemen into' two sections, the first with 



Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awaam W&M> (and Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SS^SSs), 

followed by another comprising of soldiers from the Aslam, Ghifaar and 

Qudhaa'ah tribes. Abu Sufyaan asked, "O Abbaas! Is this Rasulullaah figgS?" "No," 

replied Hadhrat Abbaas Wffl&fc, this is Khaalid bin Waleed." 

Ahead of him, Rasulullaah (^^ had sent Hadhrat Sa'd bin Ubaadah Ji3S§@# together 

with a -regiment of the Ansaar. Hadhrat Sa'd &&Z&9 called out, "Today is the day 

of bloodshed! Today, the sacredness of the Haram shall be lifted!" Thereafter, 

Rasulullaah (Ji$i? arrived with the battalion of Imaan, namely the Muhaajireen 

and Ansaar. When Abu Sufyaan saw so many faces that he did not recognise, he 

said, "O Rasulullaah &§l You have given preference to these people over your 

people?" Rasulullaah &0> replied, "This is the result of your people's doings. 

These people believed in me when you people called me a liar and it was them 

who assisted me when you people expelled me (from Makkah)," 

On that day, Hadhrat Aqra bin Haabis, Hadhrat Abbaas bin Mirdaas and Hadhrat 

Uyayna binHisn Fazaari were with Rasulullaah {£J9££. When he saw them around 

Rasulullaah W$£, Abu Sufyaan asked, "Who are these people, O Abbaas?" 

Hadhrat Abbaas 5SHa®>@ replied, "These are the battalion of Rasulullaah %$$&. 

With them is the red death. They are the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar. Abu 

Sufyaan then said, "Come on, O Abbaas! I have never seen an army or group as 

large as I have seen today." 

Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awaam WZ3&?> proceeded with his battalion until they 

reached Hajoon while Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed JS)j&@£ penetrated further 

and entered the lower end of Makkah. There he encountered some ruffians from 

the Banu Bakr tribe and had to fight them. Allaah granted Hadhrat Khaalid 

*SSjS@»» victory over them and while some were killed at a place called Hazwara, 

others fled to their homes. Those who were mounted on horseback climbed the 

Handama hill as the Muslims followed in pursuit. Rasulullaah £HS§ eventually 

entered Makkah with the last group of people. 

A crier announced, "Whoever locks himself in his house without fighting shall be 

safe." Abu Sufyaan was also calling out in Makkah, "Accept islaam and remain 

safe." It was really through Hadhrat Abbaas SB2i@9 that Allaah had protected the 

people of Makkah. Hind bint Utba (Abu Sufyaan's wife) grabbed hold of his beard 

and shouted, "<D family of Ghaalib! Kill this madman!" He shouted at her, "Let go 

of mybeard! I swear by Allaah that you will definitely be executed if you do not 

accept Islaam. Woe to you! Rasulullaah W$i has come with the truth. Go home 

and"hide." (1) 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 6 Pgd73) has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Aa'idh has also 
narrated the Hadith as quoted in Fat'hul Baari pio\,&P%A). Bukhari has also narrated it in brief 
from Hadhrat Urwa isfe®». Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg. 119) has also narrated the same. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $& { i%$$s9 (Vol-1) 193 

Suhayl bin Amr Accepts Islaam and Testifies to the 
Noble Character of Rasulullaah ®i 

Hadhrat Suhayl bin Amr ®!2i®© narrates that he entered his house and locked 
the doors when Rasulullaah £|$i arrived victoriously in Makkah. He then sent 
his son Abdullaah bin Suhayl to sedure amnesty for him from Rasulullaah i^Si? 
because he feared being killed. Abdullaah went and said, "O Rasulullaah i &§^\ 
Will you grant amnesty to my father?" "Certainly," replied Rasulullaah $M, "he 
has the protection of Allaah. He may leave the house." 

Addressing those around him, Rasulullaah {^§i? then said, "Whoeever meets 
Suhayl should not even look at him sternly so that he may leave his house in 
peace. I swear by my life (1) that Suhayl surely possesses intelligence and 
esteem. Someone like him cannot be ignorant about (the beauty of) Islaam. He 
has already come to know that whatever his efforts (against Islaam) have 
been, they have borne no fruit." 

Abdullaah bin Suhayl reported back to his father what Rasulullaah &0s had said. 
Suhayl said, "By Allaah! He is an excellent person in youth and in old age. Suhayl 
would then go to and forth (to meet Rasulullaah (S^») and even accompanied 
Rasulullaah (i^i in the Battle of Hunayn as a Mushrik. He eventually accepted 
Islaam at ji'irrana and Rasulullaah &$!if gave him a hundred camels from the 
booty. (2) 

Rasulullaah &tB's Speech to the People of Makkah 
on the day Makkah was Conquered 

Hadhrat Umar &?&$&?> narrates that when Rasulullaah {®i? was in Makkah on 
the day that Makkah was conquered, he sent for Safwaah bin Umayyah, Abu 
Sufyaan bin Harb and Haarith bin Hishaam. Hadhrat Umar Wix®&J then said, 
"Allaah has given us power over them today. I shall certainly remind them of 
what they had done in the past." As he was still saying this, Rasulullaah {£§!!? said 
to them, "My example and yours is like that of Yusuf %$&& and his brothers." 
Rasulullaah {H3S§ then recited (the following verse of the Qur'aan that quotes the 
words Hadhrat Yusuf $§!&£ said to his brothers): 

There shall be no blame on you today (no revenge will be taken). May 
Allaah forgive you. He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy." 
{Surah Yusuf, verse 92} 
Hadhrat Umar JsSSSsS* says that he covered his head in embarrassment before 
Rasulullaah {JjjJSlf because it would look very bad if he had to say something 
without thinking whereas Rasulullaah {£Hi had mentioned what he already 
did.< 3 > 

(1) Taking oaths in the name of anyone besides Allaah was not yet prohibited at that stage. 

(2) Waaqidi, Ibn Asaakir and Ibn Sa'd as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.294). haakim has also 
narrated the Hadith in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.28l). 

(3) Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.292). 



194 THE LIVES 0F THE SAHABAH W$$$&> (Vol-D 

Hadhrat Ibn Abi Husayn narrates that when Rasulullaah {J§5$!? Conquered Makkah, 
he entered the Kabah and when he. came out, he placed his hands on the frames 
of the door and said (to the people gathered there), "What have you people to 
say?" Suhayl bin Amr said, "We say and we anticipate good from you. You are a 
big-hearted brother and the .son of a big-hearted brother. You now have control 
over us." Rasulullaah SUSS!? said, "I shall say as my brother Yusuf $$$& said: 

'There shall be no blame on you today (no revenge will be taken)!" ^ 
Part of a lengthy Hadith narrated by Hadhrat Abu Hurayra S3!£®S> states that 
Rasulullaah W$& came to the Kabah and while holding the doorframe, asked, 
"What do you people have to say? What are your expectations?" The people 
responded, "We say that you are our nephew and a most lenient and merciful son 
of our uncle." This they repeated thrice. Rasulullaah (£|$| said, "I shall say as 
Yusuf W&& said: 

'There shall be no blame on you today (no revenge will be taken). May 
Allaah forgive you. He is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.'" 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayra ©(Ss&Ssi narrates further that the people then dispersed as if 
they had been revived from their graves and they accepted Islaam. 
Imaam Bayhaqi states that in a narration of this incident that Imaam Shafi'ee 
2R2iffifc«3S narrated from Imaam Abu Yusuf *&%M*&> it is mentioned that when the 
people gathered in the Masjidul Haraam, Rasulullaah &i$§ asked them, "What do 
you think I shall do with you?" They said, "(You will do only) Good, for you are 
a big-hearted brother and the son of a big-hearted brother." Rasulullaah ^M 
then said to them, "Go! You are all free." (2) 

Hadhrat Ikrama bin Abi Jahal Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Ikrama '&&$$& is Granted Amnesty on the 

Request of his Wife 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr ©IS®© narrates that on the day that Makkah was 
conquered, Ummu Hakeem bint Haarith bin Hishaam accepted Islaam. She was 
the wife of Hadhrat Ikrama bin Abi Jahal and therefore said, "O Rasulullaah ®i§! 
Ikrama has run away from you to .Yemen, fearing that you would execute him. 
Would you please grant him amnesty." Rasulullaah {£!S§ said, "He has amnesty." 
Hadhrat Umm Hakeem W%8&& therefore left in search of Hadhrat ikrama in the 
company of her Roman slave. The slave tried to seduce her and she continuously 
gave him hope until they reached a tribe of the Uk from whom she sought 
assistance. The people caught him and tied him up. 
She eventually managed to catch up with Hadhrat Ikrama who had already 



(1) Ibn Zanjway in Kitaabul Amwaal as quoted in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.93). 

(2) Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.l 18). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j^,£s@g> (Vol-1) 195 

reached one of the Tihaama coasts where he had boarded a ship. One of the 
sailors said to him, "Recite the words of sincerity." Hadhrat Ikrama asked him, 
"What should I say, "He replied, "Say that there is none worthy of worship but 
Allaah." Hadhrat Ikrama said to him, "It is from this that I am fleeing." As they 
spoke, Umm Hakeem arrived ar/d started waving a cloth (to attract their 
attention) as she shouted, "O my cousin! I have come to you from he who best 
maintains family ties, who is the most pious of people and the best of people. Do 
not destroy yourself." He waited for her until she caught up with him. She then 
said to him, "I have secured amnesty for you from Rasulullaah &S$I." "Have you 
really?" he asked. "Yes," she replied, "I spoke to Rasulullaah @§| and he granted 
you amnesty." Hadhrat Ikrama then returned with Umm Hakeem when she 
informed him about the details of her experiences with the Roman slave. (In a fit 
of rage) He killed the slave but had not yet accepted Islaam. 

Hadhrat Ikrama Accepts Islaam and Testifies to 
the Perfect Excellence of Rasulullaah WM 

When Hadhrat Ikrama drew close to Makkah, Rasulullaah ^jeS? said to the 
Sahabah (sSia®?), "ikrama the son of Abu Jahal is coming to you as a Mu'min and 
a Muhaajir so do not curse his father because cursing the dead only hurts the 
living without ever reaching the dead." Hadhrat Ikrama kept making efforts to 
cohabit with his wife but she refused saying, 'You are Kaafir while I am a 
Muslim." Hadhrat Ikrama &$$&?> remarked, "That which prevents you from me 
must be something very great." 

When Rasulullaah {i§H saw Hadhrat ikrama &$!&$, he hastened towards him 
without wearing his upper shawl out of happiness at seeing Hadhrat Ikrama 
S!£®e>. Rasulullaah WtM° then sat down while Hadhrat Ikrama *sS53©s> stood 
before him alongside his wife who donned a veil. Hadhrat Ikrama 3183®® said, 
"O Muhammad! This lady has informed me that you have granted me amnesty. 
Rasulullaah ij£$| responded by saying, "She has spoken the truth. Your safety is 
assured." Hadhrat Ikrama Wi%®& then asked, "Towards what do you invite?" 
Rasulullaah {^$1 replied, "J invite you to testify that that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah and that I am Allaah's Rasul. I also invite you towards 
establishing salaah and paying zakaah." Rasulullaah £H$i then mentioned 
several other things that he was to do. Hadhrat Ikrama SU£@s> said, "By Allaah! 
You have invited to nothing but the truth and excellent and beautiful actions. By 
Allaah! Even before you started inviting towards your invitation, you had been the 
most truthful of us and the most righteous. I testify that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah and that Muhammad ^^ is Allaah's servant and Rasul." This 
pleased Rasulullaah (£!§§ tremendously. 

Hadhrat Ikrama SSfiilSS then asked, "O Rasulullaah £IS§! Teach me the best thing 
to say." Rasulu laah ii$? told him to say: 

"ifyLj j «JUe Ijuii ol IfA! J ill •3] 2l] "5 ol^l" 



196 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&*>m& (Vol-D 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad QggM is Allaah's servant and messenger" 
Hadhrat Ikrama 3iS£<@8) then asked what else he could say. Rasulullaah %MHs told 
him to say, "I make Allaah and all present witness to the fact that I am a 
Muslim, Mujaahid and Muhaajir." Hadhrat Ikrama WS%&£ then said what 
Rasulullaah Wl&fc told him. 



The Da'wah that Rasulullaah %$$& gave to Hadhrat 

Ikrama W&®$& 

Rasulullaah W88i then said to Hadhrat Ikrama 5SD2®», "I shall grant you anything 
you ask for if 1 am able to." Hadhrat Ikrama &&R&6 asked, "I ask you to seek 
forgiveness from Allaah for every type of enmity I have shown towards you, for 
every journey I have undertaken to oppose you, for every battle I have fought 
against you and for every harsh word I have said in your face or behind your 
back." Rasulullaah (Jl^i made du'aa thfs, "O Allaah! Forgive him for every type of 
enmity he has displayed and for every journey he undertook to any place with the 
intention of extinguishing Your light. Also forgive him for every defamatory 
remark he has made in my face or behind my back." Hadhrat Ikrama iSBiSSSei 
remarked, "I am pleased, O Rasulullaah {SUSS!." 

Hadhrat Ikrama &$&$£?> then went on to say, "O Rasulullaah W0&\ I swear by 
Allaah that every expense I bore opposing the Deen of Allaah, I shall spend 
double that amount in the path of Allaah. I swear also that every battle I 
fought opposing the Deen of Allaah, I shall fight double the number of battles 
in the path of Allaah." (True to His word) Hadhrat Ikrama JaSjSsS* exerted every 
effort to fight in Jihaad until he was martyred. Rasulullaah $$§& upheld the 
marriage of Hadhrat Ikrama WSffi&z to his wife without renewing the Nikah. 
Waaqidi has narrated that during the Battle of Hunayn (when the Muslims were 
suffering a temporarily defeat at the beginning), Suhayl bin Amr remarked, "The 
Muslims have never before experienced the likes of these two tribes (the Thaqeef 
and Hawaazin) before." To this, Hadhrat Ikrama &S%&£ responded by saying, 
"One should not speak like this. Everything lies in the control of Allaah and 
Muhammad W®£ has no control over things. If he is defeated today, tomorrow 
shall hold promising results* 1) ." Suhayl mocked, "By Allaah! It was not long 
before this that you opposed Rasulullaah W$t?' Hadhrat Ikrama isSSgag; then 
replied by saying, "By Allaah! All our previous efforts have been futile. 
Considering ourselves to be intelligent people, we used to worship stones that 
could neither harm nor give any benefit." (2) 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr S!as@ȣ has also narrated their incident but in 
fewer words. He says that when Hadhrat Ikrama W&8&> reached the door of 
Rasulullaah {JfP, Rasulullaah &£ was so overjoyed at his arrival that he 
jumped up into a standing position. A narration of Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr 

(1) The Muslims shall either win victory or at least they shall learn that they ought to place all their 
trust in Allaah rather than in their superior numbers. 

(2) Waaqidi and Ibn Asaakrras quoted in Kanzul Ummaai (Vol.7 Pg.75). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH *$&!£$&£> (Vol-1) 197 

JgJlSSlss) quotes from Hadhrat Ikrama Wi%®& that when he met Rasulullaah (SSSI 
he said, "O Muhammad! This woman has informed me that you have granted me 
amnesty." Rasulullaah £!§§# replied, "Indeed. You have been granted amnesty." 
Hadhrat Ikrama &!&!&?> then said, "I testify that there is none worthy of worship 
but the one Allaah Who has nd partner and that Muhammad (^i is Allaah's 
servant and Rasul. I also would testify that you are the best of people, the most 
truthful person and one who best fulfils his promises." Hadhrat ikrama SS@gS 
says that out of embarrassment, his head was bowed as he said this. 
He then said, "O Rasulullaah! Do seek forgiveness from Allaah for every type of 
enmity I displayed towards you and for every journey I undertook to promote 
Shirk." Rasulullaah {£!$£ made the following du'aa, "O Allaah! Forgive Ikrama for 
all the enmity he displayed towards me and for every journey he undertook with 
the intention of preventing people from the Deen." Hadhrat Ikrama 3|S!55@ft5 then 
said, "O Rasulullaah! Teach me the best that you know so that I may learn it (and 
practise)." Rasulullaah QO&Jlit advised him that together with striving in the path 
of Allaah, he should recite: 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad {£!§§• is Allaah's servant and Rasul" 
Hadhrat Ikrama JgDasSSs then went on to say, "O Rasulullaah {Ja^M swear by 
Allaah that every expense I bore to oppose the Deen of Allaah, I shall spend 
double that amount in the path of Allaah. I swear also that every battle I fought 
opposing the Deen of Allaah, I shall fight double the number of battles in the 
path of Allaah." 

Hadhrat Ikrama 3£!Mi& strives in Jihaad and is 

martyred 

Hadhrat Ikrama a$2!&$ continued fighting in Jihaad and in turn he was martyred 
in the Battle of Ajnaadeen during Khilaafah of Hadhrat Abu Bakr &&&». 
Rasulullaah %$$£ appointed Hadhrat ikrama Wffi&» to collect the zakaah of the 
Hawaazin tribe during the year that Rasulullaah W$£ performed the farewell Hajj. 
When Rasulullaah {J5JS8I passed away, Hadhrat Ikrama Wffi&$ was in a place 
called Tabaalah (in Yemenjl 1 ^ 

Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah $$$$&& 
Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah W&&& is Granted 
Amnesty at the request of Hadhrat Umayr bin 

Wahab W&m 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr W03i& »j narrates that when Makkah was 

(1) Haakim has also reported the narration in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.241). The incident of how 
Hadhrat Ikrama SUifflS* accepted Islaam has also been reported by Tabraani as quoted in Majma 
(Vol.6 Pg. 174). 



198 THE LIVES 0F THE SAHABAH '$&$&& (Vol-1) 

conquered, the wife of Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah 5SS2®?> accepted Islaam. 
Her name was Baghoom bint Mu'addal ls©2@£> and she belonged to the Kinaanah 
tribe. Hadhrat Safwaan bin umayyah W&$$s?> had run away from Makkah and 
reached some valley. (As they sat there) He said to his slave Yasaar who was 
alone with him, "O dear! What do you see?" Yasaar replied, "That is Umayr bin 
Wahab." "What am I to do with Umayr? By Allaah! He has come to kill me and has 
assisted Rasulullaah &$• against me." When Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab ©IS®© 
met him, Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah ©)3®e» said, "Are you not satisfied with 
what you have already done to me? You placed the burden of settling your debts 
and caring for your family on me and now you have come to kill me?" 
Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab ©IS®© said to him, "O Abu Wahab! May my life be 
sacrificed for you! I have come to you from the best of people and the one who 
best maintains family ties." (Before coming to Hadhrat Safwaan SK12®2) Hadhrat 
Umayr bin Wahab *&112®s> had mentioned to Rasulullaah (£ISi, "O Rasulullaah 
W$£\ The leader of our people (Safwaan bin Umayyah) has run away from 
Makkah to throw himself into the ocean fearing that you shall not grant him 
amnesty. May my parents be sacrificed for you! Do grant him amnesty." Because 
Rasulullaah 0H had granted the amnesty, Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab ®.l£@S) 
had now come to Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah @Sa®gS to inform him that he 
had been granted amnesty. 

Rasulullaah W$£ sends his Turban to Hadhrat 
Safwaan bin Umayyah ^12;®eS to Confirm his 

Amnesty 

Hadhrat Safwaan 5i!3!2j®gi then said, "By Allaah! I shall never return with you (to 
Makkah) until you bring me a sign which I may identify." (When Hadhrat Umayr 
SS3®s returned to Rasulullaah £Hi with this request) Rasulullaah &Hi said, 
"Take this turban of mine." Hadhrat Umayr ©|2®tS then returned to Hadhrat 
Safwaan JiRSffiSsi with the turban which was actually a striped shawl that 
Rasulullaah {®|§ tied on his head as a turban on the day the Muslims 
conquered Makkah. Searching for Hadhrat Safwaan 3gl)£@>g) the second time, 
Hadhrat Umayr ©,12@^ found him and bringing him the turban said, "O Abu 
Wahab! I have come to you from the best of people, the one who best maintains 
family ties, the most righteous of people and the most tolerant. His honour is 
yours, his dignity is yours and his kingdom is yours for his forefathers and yours 
are the same. I advise you to fear Allaah for your own good." 
Hadhrat Safwaan ©!2®£ said, "I fear that I shall be killed." Hadhrat Umayr 
&&M6 said, "Rasulullaah £HI invites you to accept Islaam. It would be best if 
you accept willingly. If not, you have two month's grace. Of all people, he best 
keeps his word and had even sent to you the shawl he wore as a turban when he 
entered Makkah. Do you recognise it?" "Certainly," replied Hadhrat Safwaan 
S3)3@s>. When Hadhrat Umayr *Hl2@£i took out the turban, Hadhrat Safwaan 
W&$Hg> said, "That it certainly is." 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH *$&&$<& (Vol-1) 199 

Hadhrat Safwaan JsSSSSs then returned and reached Rasulullaah ^B as he was 
busy leading the Asr salaah in the Masjidul Haraam. While the two stood waiting, 
Hadhrat Safwaan 2sS3®ssi aske'd, "How many salaahs do the Muslims perform 
each day and night." When Hadhrat Umayr ©i£®g> informed him that they 
performed five salaahs daily, ne asked, "Is Muhammad (^^ leading them in 
salaah?" "Yes," came the reply. 

When Rasulullaah {JS^ said the Salaam (to end the salaah), Hadhrat Safwaan 
*£J!£®§; called out, "O Muhammad! Umayr bin Wahab has brought me here with 
your shawl and says that you have asked me to come to you. He says that it 
would be best if I accept Islaam willingly otherwise you shall allow me two 
month's grace." Rasulullaah {|c$f said, "Dismount, O Abu Wahab." "By Allaah!" 
exclaimed Hadhrat Safwaan JsS3®s>, "I shall never dismount until you verify this" 
for me." Rasulullaah $$§ said, "In fact, you may have a grace period of four 
months." Hadhrat Safwaan *gSa®g) then dismounted. 

Hadhrat Safwaan &s$&2> Marches with Rasulullaah 
^M Against the Hawaazin Tribe and Accepts 

Islaam 

When Rasulullaah @i; marched against the Hawaazin tribe, Hadhrat Safwaan 
W83&& marched with him while still a Kaafir. Rasulullaah W^ sent someone to 
him to request that he loan some weapons to the Muslims. Hadhrat Safwaan 
©,S@g) sent a hundred coats of armour together with all the equipment that 
went with it and asked, "Shall this be taken with my permission or by force?" 
When Rasulullaah ^i told him that it was on loan and that it would be 
returned, he loaned it. According to the request of Rasulullaah &Hi, he loaded it 
on his animal and took it to Hunayn. He therefore witnessed the Battles of 
Hunayn and Taa'if. He then accompanied Rasulullaah W0& to Ji'irraanah. 
As Rasulullaah W$£ was walking amongst the booty to have a look at it, Hadhrat 
Safwaan @l£®e> was with him. Hadhrat Safwaan 5£3!3®g) then started looking at a 
valley filled with camels, goats and shepherds. Rasulullaah £|$§ watched his 
long stares at the scene and said to him, "O Abu Wahab! Do you like this valley?" 
When he replied in the affirmative, Rasulullaah (^1? said to him, "It is all yours." 
Hadhrat Safwaan @l*@g> accepted Islaam on the spot and said, "It is only be the 
heart of a Nabi that can be so generous. I testify that there is none worthy of 
worship but AlWh and that Muhammad ®H is Allaah's servant and Rasul." ^ 
Another narration quotes from Hadhrat Safwaan *SJ!2i®s> that Rasulullaah £i$! 
asked him to give some weapons on loan. He said, "Are you taking it away from 
me by force?" Rasulullaah W$£ answered, "I wish to borrow them and damages 
shall be. paid back." It so happened that some of the coats of armour were 
destroyed. Rasulullaah £!£$§ therefore approached Hadhrat Safwaan JeSSsSSs to 



(1) Waaqidi and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.294). Ibn Is'haaq and Mhammad 
ibn Ja'far bin Zubayr have also narrated the Hadith from Hadhrat Urwa JeJ3Ss!Si who narrates from 
Hadhrat Aa'isha SSla®»S as mentioned in A! Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.308). 



200 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&&& (Vol-1) 

pay for the damages. Hadhrat Safwaan 2gt£3@0 said, "O Rasulullaah £|$§! Today I 
have a greater desire to accept Islaam (than to be reimbursed)." (1) 

Hadhrat Huwaytib bin Abdil Uzza W$$$% 

Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr ^J£@g> invites Hadhrat 
Huwaytib bin Abdil Uzza *&&$& to Islaam and he 

Accepts 

Hadhrat Mundhir bin Jahm *S3@®e> narrates from Hadhrat Huwaytib bin Abdil 
Uzza 3S!!a®& that he was terrified when Rasulullaah OHM entered Makkah when 
it was conquered. He left his house and scattered his family in various places 
where they would be safe. He then hid himself in an orchard belonging to the Auf 
clan. He narrates, "One day, Abu Dharr suddenly arrived. We had been good 
friends before and friendship always bears fruit. However, as soon as I saw him, I 
started to run away." Hadhrat Abu Dharr *S3JjS®ss> called out, "O Abu Muhammad!" 
When Hadhrat Huwaytib *S312®s© responded, Hadhrat Abu Dharr &&!&$ asked, 
"What is the matter?" "Fear," replied, Hadhrat Huwaytib Jg}S3®». "Have no fear," 
said Hadhrat Abu Dharr &&$&?), "You have amnesty in the protection of Allaah." 
Hadhrat Huwaytib W$i®$ then went back and greeted Hadhrat Abu Dharr 

"You may go home," said Hadhrat Abu Dharr Js3!3i®e>. "How am I to go home?" 
asked Hadhrat Huwaytib W&K&&, "By Allaah! I do not see myself returning home 
alive. I shall be met on the street and killed or be killed by someone barging into- 
my house. In addition, my family are scattered in various places." Hadhrat Abu 
Dharr 2j§3!5$@«> said, "Then gather your family in one place and I shall escort you 
home." Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&&6 then took Hadhrat Huwaytib ©J2®!»eS home 
and announced, "Huwaytib has been granted amnesty and may not be harmed." 
When Hadhrat Abu Dharr JaK@>j5 went to Rasulullaah $$£ and informed him 
about the events, he said, "Has everyone not been granted amnesty besides those 
whose execution I have ordered?" This statement put Hadhrat Huwaytib t's heart 
at ease and he took his family home. 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr 2£M@«S again came to Hadhrat Huwaytib JMSSiSi and said, "O 
Abu Muhammad! Until when? Where to? You have participated in all the battles. 
Although you have lost tremendous good, much good is still left for you. Go to 
Rasulullaah £$$ir and accept Islaam; You will then be able to live in peace. 
Rasulullaah ®§# is the most righteous of people, the one who best maintains 
family ties and the most tolerant of all people. His honour is yours and his 
dignity is yours." Hadhrat Huwaytib JiKSiSS® then said to Hadhrat Abu Dharr 
SSSfflSfr "I am prepared to accompany you to Rasulullaah i&M." The two then 
met Rasulullaah {H$i -at Bat'haa while Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5£353i©«S and Hadhrat 
Umar JSllSs®^ were with him. Hadhrat Huwaytib &$&& then asked Hadhrat Abu 
(l) Ahmad (Vol.6 Pg.465). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&&» (Vol-1) 201 



Dharr *s5!3®e>, "What should be said when Rasulullaah £$i?'s is greeted?" 
Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&M& told him to say: 

<Ul5"^»j 4JJI i*>jj (^yjJI L$»1 dillp vo'itJI 

"May peace, the mercy of Allaah and His blessings be showered on you, 

ONabiofAllaah" 
When Hadhrat Huwaytib 3St!iSs®s> greeted Rasulullaah W$s with these words, 
Rasulullaah giSi replied, "Peace be to you too, O Huwaytib." Hadhrat Huwaytib 
*gM@® then said, "1 testify that that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah 
and that you are Allaah's Rasul." Rasulullaah (ifil then said, "All praise belongs 
to Allaah Who has guided you." Hadhrat Huwaytib 5gp@gi narrates that 
Rasulullaah $$$ was happy that he accepted Islaam. Rasulullaah %M£ asked 
him for a loan and he borrowed forty thousand Dirhams. He then participated in 
the Battles of Hunayn and Taa'if after which Rasulullaah t&tM? gave him a 



hundred camels from the booty received from the Battle of Hunayn. ^ 
in a narration reported by Hadhrat Ja'far bin Mahmood bin Muhammad bin 
Salma S3.l2s®gS, it is mentioned that Hadhrat Huwaytib ©13®8> said, "Amongst the 
elders of the Quraysh who remained on their religion up to the conquest of 
Makkah, there was none who disliked the conquest more than myself. However, 
whatever is predestined must take place. I was present with the Mushrikeen 
during the Battle of Badr when I witnessed many eye-opening lessons. I saw the 
angels descending from the heavens to the earth and killing and shackling the 
Kuffaar. I then said to myself that Rasulullaah WM is a protected person, but I 
did not mention this to anyone. We were defeated and returned to,Makkah where 
people gradually started accepting Islaam. I was also present when the Treaty of 
Hudaybiyyah was signed and was one of the people who took part in the 
negotiations until it was completed. However, it served only to promote Islaam 
further because Allaah does as He wills. Being the last witness when the treaty 
was signed, I said (to myself), 'Although the Quraysh are pleased to have forced 
Rasulullaah $$$!• to leave", they shall be seeing from him only what displeases 
them.'" 

"When Rasulullaah &% arrived to complete the missed Umrah and the Quraysh 
left Makkah, Suhayl bin Amr and myself were amongst those who remained 
behind to expel Rasulullaah Qs$M as soon as their time (of three days) expired. 
When the third day was over, Suhayl and myself approached Rasulullaah {^§1 
and said, Your term has expired, so leave our town.' Rasulullaah {^i then called 
out, "O Bilaal! (Announce that) No Muslim who has come with us should be in 
Makkah after the sun has set.'" (2) 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Hishaam 3M£;@jg> Accepts 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ikrama W$® %> narrates that when Makkah was 

(1) Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.493) as well as Ibn Sa'd in his Tabaqaat as mentioned in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya 
(Vol.1 Pg.364). 

(2) Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.492). 



202 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&®0> (Vol-D 

conquered, Haarith bin Hishaam and Abdullaah bin Abi Rabee'ah went to Hadhrat 
Ummu Haani Is©l2@!«i the daughter of Abu Taalib to seek protection. When they 
requested her protection, she granted amnesty to them both. Hadhrat Ali Jg3J3®«S 
(her brother) then arrived, saw the two of them and drew his sword. When 
Hadhrat Ummu Haani $$%$&> came between tttem and grabbing Hadhrat Ali 
Ji3!3®si around the neck, she said, "From all people, you do this to me? You shall 
have to kill me before you get to them!" Hadhrat Ali 3§3|£<@s> said, "You give 
protection to the Mushrikeen!" He then left. 

Hadhrat Ummu Haani W&®s?> herself narrates that she then went to Rasulullaah 
®1? and said, "O Rasulullaah {i$$|! From the treatment I received from my own 
mother's son Ali, I seem unable to escape him. I granted amnesty to two of my 
Mushrikeen brothers-in-law and he attacked them to kill them." Rasulullaah 
®i? said, "He should not have done that. We shall protect whoever you protect 
and we grant amnesty to whoever you grant amnesty." When Hadhrat Ummu 
Haani W88&& returned and informed the two about this, they returned to their 
homes. 

When Rasulullaah ®if was informed that Haarith bin Hishaam and Abdullaah 
bin Abi Rabee'ah were wearing saffron coloured clothing and sitting without fear, 
he said, "You can do nothing to harm them because we have already granted 
them amnesty." Hadhrat Haarith bin Hishaam W&Stt& says that he then started 
feeling shy when Rasulullaah W$i saw him because he remembered that 
Rasulullaah ^i also saw him in all the battles the Mushrikeen fought (against 
the Muslims). Then calling to mind the kind and merciful nature of Rasulullaah 
{^$1, he met Rasulullaah {£SH in the Masjid. Rasulullaah Wife met him with a 
smile and waited for him. He then went to Rasulullaah W$g, greeted him and 
recited the Shahaadah. Rasulullaah ®SI then said, "All praise is for Allaah Who 
has guided you. It was not possible that someone like you could ever remain in 
the dark about Islaam." Haarith bin Hishaam isJSSS®* says, "By Allaah! The likes of 
Islaam can never be unknown." ^ 

Hadhrat Nudhayr bin Haarith W&®$& Accepts 

Islaam 

Muhammad bin Shurahbeel Abdari narrates that Hadhrat Nudhayr bin Haarith 
'<§$&$&> was amongst the most learned of people and used to say, "All praises 
belong to Allaah Who has honoured us with Islaam, has blessed us with 
Muhammad (JSli and saved us from dying as our forefathers died (as 
Mushrikeen). I used to apply myself with the Quraysh every effort (against the 
Muslims) until the year arrived when Rasulullaah {Ji$i conquered Makkah and 
then went to Hunayn. We left with him with the intention that should 
Muhammad W$-s be defeated, we would assist (the enemy) against him. 
However, we never got the opportunity. By Allaah! I was still as I was (planning 
against the Muslims) when Rasulullaah Oil left for Ji'irraanah and I saw none 



(l)Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.277). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fta^^ (Vol-1) 203 

but he meet me with a smiling face. He asked, 'is it Nudhayr?' 'It is I,' I replied. He 
said, 'This opportunity is better than the one (which you lost) during the Battle of 
Hunayn?' I jumped up and drew closer to him. He said, 'The time has come for 
you to think about your religion.' When I told him that I had been thinking about 
this, he said, "O Allaah! Increase his steadfastness.'" 

"By the Being Who sent Rasulullaah ^^ with the truth! (The effect of this du'aa 
was that) My heart became a rock of steadfastness in Deen and in assisting the 
cause of the true Deen. I had just returned to my tent when a man from the Banu 
Duwal came to me and said, 'O Abu Haarith! Rasulullaah W$£ has ordered that a 
hundred camels be given to you. Would you please give me some because I have 
debts.' I decided not to take the camels thinking to myself that it was being given 
to me only to win me over and I would not want to be bribed to accept Islaam. 
However, I then thought to myself that I had not wanted it nor asked for it. So 
I accepted the camels and gave ten to the man from the Banu Duwal tribe." ' ! ' 

The Banu Thaqeef tribe of Taa'if Accept Islaam 

Rasulullaah {£pil Leaves the Thaqeef Tribe and 
Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood S^@e> Accepts Islaam 

Ibn is'haaq narrates that when Rasulullaah dc$§ left the Thaqeef tribe, Hadhrat 
Urwa bin Mas'ood 5sS2®« (who belonged to the Thaqeef) followed him and 
caught up with him just before he reached Madinah. He accepted islaam and 
requested permission to take the message of Islaam to his people. Rasulullaah 
(SP said to him," "They would kill you." (Rasulullaah ^M said this because) He 
knew from his experience with them that they were extremely proud and 
obstinate. However, Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood S3!2®e> said to Rasulullaah (S^i, 
"I am more beloved to them than their virgins." The fact was that he was greatly 
loved and obeyed by the Thaqeef. 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood W$&& Invites his 
people to Islaam and is Martyred 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood ©!£s@2 then left to invite his people to Islaam 
expecting that they would not oppose him because of his high status among 
them. However, when he invited them to Islaam standing on the balcony of his 
house and made his Deen clear to them, they fired arrows at him from every 
angle. He was martyred when one of the arrows struck him. He was asked, "What 
have you to say about your blood?" He replied, "Allaah has blessed me with great 
honour and brought to me the rank of martyrdom. I have also attained the rank 
of those martyrs who were killed while fighting with Rasulullaah <^i before 
leaving this world. Bury me with them." He was therefore buried with those 
Sahabah it93®s>. The Sahabah i@.l£@!sgS believed that it was concerning him that 
Rasulullaah ^S$i said, "His example amongst his people is like that of the 



(1) Waaqidi as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.558). 



204 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$&£ (Vol-1) 

person of Surah Yaaseen' 1 '." 

The Thaqeef Tribe Sends Abd Yaaleel bin Amr with 
a Delegation to Rasulullaah (£i$l, who is Informed 

of their Arrival 

It was only a few months after killing Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood W&&& that the 
Thaqeef tribe consulted with each other and decided that they did not have the 
strength to fight all the Arabs around them who had already pledged allegiance 
to Rasulullaah {^i and accepted Islaam. They decided to send one of their 
people to Rasulullaah ^^. The person they sent was Abd Yaaleel bin Amr 
together with two persons from their allies and a third person from the Banu 
Maalik tribe. When they came close to Madinah and camped at a spring, they met 
Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba W@®& who was taking his turn to graze the riding 
animals of the Sahabah $&&&&. After meeting them, he rushed to Rasulullaah 
ii§$f to give him that glad tidings of their arrival. 

He first met Hadhrat Abu Bakr Sl*®g> and informed him that some riders from 
the Thaqeef had arrived and were prepared to pledge their allegiance and accept 
Islaam if Rasulullaah WtOHs accepted a few of their conditions and if a letter is 
written. to their people. Hadhrat Abu Bakr WH®&?> said to Hadhrat Mughiera 
SM@», "I ask you on oath not to go to Rasulullaah (£S5i? before me so that I may 
be the first to inform him." Hadhrat Mughiera JeJl^Sfe' allowed this. Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr iiJ!3®e> then went to Rasulullaah {£iHli and be informed him about their 
arrival. In the meanwhile, Hadhrat Mughiera W%&® went back to the delegation 
and brought them together with the grazing animals. Although Hadhrat Mughiera 
®!S@« taught the delegation how to greet Rasulullaah 0I8SI, they still greeted 
him like people greeted during the Period of Ignorance. 

When the delegation arrived at the Masjid, a tent was pitched for them. The 
person who conducted negotiations between them and Rasulullaah %f$$i was 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Sa'eed bin Al Aas '&$&&. Whenever he brought food to 
them, they would not touch it until he had eaten from it himself. It was also he 
who wrote the letter to their people. Amongst the conditions that they made with 
Rasulullaah W& was that he leaves their idol (Laat) alone for three years. 
However, Rasulullaah {$$1 and refused to allow this and they continued 
reducing the number of years until they requested for a single month starting 
from the day they arrived in Madinah. They requested for this period so that 
foolish people amongst them could gradually be won over. Rasulullaah {JS$i refused 
to allow them this period and decided to send Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba 
W%8$& and Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan bin Harb S)3iSS!« with them to destroy their idol. 
Another condition was that they should not be required to perform salaah and 
that they should not have to break their idols with their own hands. Rasulullaah 
8l3$f said to them, "As for the breaking of your idols with your own hands, we 



(1) A person known as Habeeb Najjaar who was also killed by his people when he exhorted them to 
accept the message of the Ambiyaa. His story is mentioned in Surah Yaaseen. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 205 

shall overlook this (we shall send people to it for you). However, as for the 
salaah, there is no good in a religion without salaah." They gave in saying, "We 
shall grant you this even though it is humiliating." 

Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Abil Aas Wffi&s narrates that when the Thaqeef delegation 
came to Rasulullaah W$H, he accommodated them in the Masjid so that it would 
soften their hearts. They made the conditions that they should not be conscripted 
for Jihaad, that Ushr (zakaah on crops) should not be taken from them, that they 
should not be required to perform salaah and that a person from outside their 
tribe should not be appointed as their leader. Rasulullaah ®i? said to them, 
"Granted that you will not be conscripted for Jihaad, that Ushr shall not be taken 
from you and that a person from outside your tribe should not be appointed as 
your leader. However, there is no good in a religion without Ruku (without 
salaah. This condition will therefore not be accepted)." Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Abil 
Aas 5&!.©(©e> said, "O Rasulullaah ^^\" Teach me the Qur'aan and appoint me as 
the imaam of my people." ^ 

Hadhrat Wahab 3i2iB«*> narrates that he asked Hadhrat Jaabir JsJJSSaSs about the 
Thaqeef (delegation) when they pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah &!$§. He 
replied by saying that they made the conditions that they should not be required 
jto pay zakaah or to fight in Jihaad. (Rasulullaah (£|$f accepted their conditions 
and) Hadhrat Jaabir ©JSsSlgi says that he later heard Rasulullaah {J§$| say, "Soon 
when they accept Islaam, they will pay zakaah and wage Jihaad (without being 
told to do so)." (2) 

Hadhrat Aws bin Hudhayfa %§M&?> narrates, "We came to meet Rasulullaah WtM? 
with the Thaqeef delegation. While the allies of the Thaqeef stayed with Hadhrat 
Mughiera bin Shu'ba 5S3.IS@S>, Rasulullaah ®i? accommodated the delegates of 
the Banu Maalik tribe in a tent of his. He would meet us daily after Isha and 
address us while standing. He stood so long that he had to lean on each foot. 
He often told us about the treatment that he received from his tribe the Quraysh 
and would say, 'I have no anguish about it. In Makkah we were regarded as the 
weak ones and were looked down upon. When we reached Madinah, victory in 
battles alternated between us and the Quraysh.' One night when Rasulullaah 
^^« arrived later that he usually did, we asked, You are late tonight?' He replied, 
'A part of the portion of the Qur'aan I recite daily was not rendered and I 
disliked coming to you without completing it.'" <3) 

The Da'wah that The Sahabah JS^s* 
Gave to Individuals 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr &&$$£> Gives Da'wah to Individuals 

Ibn Is'haaq '$%&)£% narrates, "When Hadhrat Abu. Bakr JbS2@S£ accepted Islaam 

■ 

(1) Ahmad and Abu Dawood. 

(2) Abu Dawood as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.29). 

(3) Ahmad, Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.32). Ibn Sa'd (Vol.5 
Pg.510) has also narrated it. 



206 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jQl^g (Vol-1) 

and made his Islaam known, he started inviting people towards Allaah. He was 
well acquainted with the people, well liked by his people, soft-natured and from 
all of the Quraysh he possessed the most knowledge of their family trees and the 
good and bad conditions that prevailed over them. He was a good-natured 
businessman of excellent character and because of his vast knowledge, his 
business expertise and his entertaining nature, his people -used to come to him 
and confide in him in numerous matters. He therefore started calling all those 
people to Allaah and to Islaam who confided in him when they met him and sat 
in his company. As far as I am told, the following persons accepted Islaam at his 
hands: Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awaam, Uthmaan bin Affaan, Talha bin Ubaydillaah, 
Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas and Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf (@!3®!ss>. 
They all came to Rasulullaah {^^» with Hadhrat Abu Bakr *£3)2®s> and 
Rasulullaah (£HI presented Islaam to them, recited the Qur'aan to them and 
informed them about the rights Islaam had on them. They all accepted Imaan. 
These eight persons (1) were the forerunners in Islaam who believed in 
Rasulullaah <&^ and believed everything he brought from Allaah." (2) 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab 

m$m Gave 

Hadhrat Asbaq narrates that he was a slave of Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab *£3!£®s 
and a Christian. Hadhrat Umar Wi%/&i> used to present islaam to him saying, "If 
you accept Islaam, I could take assistance from you in safeguarding my trusts 
because it is not permissible for me to use you to safeguard the trusts of the 
Muslims when you do not belong to their religion." However, when Asbaq 
refused to accept Islaam, Hadhrat Umar *£U3j®s would say, "There is no 
compulsion in Deen." Hadhrat Asbaq narrates further, "When Hadhrat Umar 
3£Sa®ei was on his deathbed, he freed me while I was still a Christian and said, 
'You may go wherever you please.'" (Asbaq did accept Islaam afterwards.) * 3 ' 
Hadhrat Aslam (also a slave of Hadhrat Umar &$%M>) narrates that when they 
were in Shaam, he brought some water for Hadhrat Umar *s3!i5@g> to make wudhu 
with. Hadhrat Umar Wi$&?> asked, "Where have you brought this water from? I 
have never seen any sweet water nor any rainwater as good as this." Hadhrat 
Aslam informed him that he had obtained the water from the house of an old 
Christian lady. When Hadhrat Umar 5§312s@g> had completed his wudhu, he 
approached the old lady and said, "O lady! Accept Islaam for Allaah has sent 
Muhammad ®i? with the truth." The old lady then opened her hair which was as 



(1) The five named together with Hadhrat Abu Bakr SK®e>, Hadhrat AH SSiSsSsi and Hadhrat Zaid bin 
Haaritha §3(«@s. 

(2) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.29). 

(3) Ibn Sa'd, Sa'eed bin Mansoor, Ibn Abi Shayba, Ibn Mundhir and Ibn Abi Haatim have all narrated 
similar reports in brief as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 5 Pg.50). Abu Nu'aym has reported a 
simitar narration in Hifya (Vol.9 Pg.34) from a Roman slave called Wasaq. The only difference in 
this narration is that Hadhrat Umar Wt&@% said, "...in safeguarding the trusts of the Muslims 
because it is not befitting for me to use anyone to safeguard their trusts who does not belong to 
their religion." 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&{&$& (Vol-1) 207 

white as the blossoms on a tree. She then said, "I am an extremely old woman 
and shall die at any moment." Hadhrat Umar S3!2®s> said, "O Allaah! You be 
witness." (1 ' 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Mus'ab bin 
Umayr W@$®& Gave 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr 

Wffi&£ gave to Hadhrat Usayd bin Hudhayr W%&2> 

who Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abi Bakr bin Muhammad bin Amr bin Hazm and many 
others narrate that Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah S)i2@s> took Hadhrat Mus'ab bin 
Umayr S312®e> to the locality of the Banu Abdil Ash'hal and the Banu Zafar tribes. 
They entered one of the orchards of the Banu Zafar tribe where there was a well 
called Bir Maraq. The two of them sat in the orchard and many Muslims gathered 
there with them. During those days, Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh ©J£®§> and 
Hadhrat usayd bin Hudhayr S3)3®g> were two leaders of the Banu Abdil Ash'hal 
tribe and were still Mushrikeen steadfast on the religion of their forefathers. 
Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh ®12®s> also happened to be the cousin of Hadhrat 
As'ad bin Zuraarah ©!3$!8>. 

When these two leaders heard about the gathering, Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh 
SbS-SbS© said to Hadhrat Usayd bin Hudhayr ®S»®s>, "Have you no father (no 
self-respect)?! Go to those two men who have come to our locality to make fools 
of our gullible people. Admonish and reprimand them for coming to our area. I 
would have done this for you had it not been for the relation As'ad bin Zuraarah 
has with me as you know. He is my cousin and I cannot confront him." Hadhrat ' 
Usayd $H!3@»gi took his spear and went to them. When Hadhrat As'ad 5SBS@!g) saw 
him approach, he said to Hadhrat Mus'ab ©12®£>, "He is the leader of his people. 
He is coming to you so be sincere to Allaah when speaking to him." Hadhrat 
Mus'ab 5£P@SS said, "I shall speak to him if he is willing to sit down." 
Hadhrat Usayd 5SS!2s§!S) stood in front of them and began swearing them. He said, 
"Why have you come to us? Have you come to make fools of our gullible people? 
You will leave us alone if of you want to preserve your lives!" Hadhrat Mus'ab 
S.ISs@s§) said to him, "Will you not be seated and listen awhile. If you like what 
you hear, you may accept it. Otherwise, we shall stop doing what you dislike." 
Hadhrat Usayd JU.l2@g> said, "That is a fair proposition." He then stuck his spear 
into the ground and sat down. Hadhrat Mus'ab W&Wi> then spoke to him about 
Islaam and recited the Qur'aan to him. Hadhrat Mus'ab Wi*®&j and Hadhrat As'ad 
tMxfl&i say that from the radiance and gentleness they saw in the faee of Hadhrat 
Usayd W$&si>, they recognised that he would accept islaam before he could even 
mention it. 
Hadhrat Usayd *S3.l2<@sg> said, "How excellent and beautiful this is! What do you do 

(1) DaarQutniand Ibn Asaakir as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.5 Pg.142). 



208 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&?&$$&> (Vol-1) 

when you want to enter the fold of this religion?" They said to him, "Take a bath, 
cleanse yourself well, purify your two (upper and lower) clothes, recite the 
Shahaadah of truth and perform salaah." Hadhrat Usayd 5882®© stood up, took a 
bath, washed his clothes, recited the Shahaadah and then stood up to perform 
two Rakaahs salaah. He then said to the two, "Behind me is a man whom I shall 
soon send to you. If he follows you, not a soul from his people will fail to follow 
him. He is Sa'd bin Mu'aadh." 

Hadhrat Mus'ab W&®$& Gives Da'wah to Hadhrat 
Sad bin Mu'aadh W5@® 

Hadhrat Usayd tgm%&?> then took his spear and went to the place where Hadhrat 
Sa'd bin Mu'aadh 5SK»s@g> and his people were sitting in a gathering. When 
Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh JSB3®g> saw Hadhrat Usayd W&0&6 approaching, he 
said, "I swear by Allaah that Usayd is coming to you with a look that is very much 
different from the one he left you with." When Hadhrat Usayd &$&& stopped by 
the gathering, Hadhrat Sa'd 5S83ffiSs> asked, "What did you do?" Hadhrat Usayd 
S3!*®?> replied, "I have spoken to the two men and see nothing wrong with what 
they say. I have also forbidden them from what they do and they accepted to do 
as I tell them. I have also found out that the Banu Haaritha tribe have left to kill 
As'ad bin Zuraarah because they have learnt that he is your cousin and thereby 
wish to insult you." Fearing the news that had reached him about the Banu 
Haaritha, Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh &$&!&$ filled with fury. He stood up and 
quickly grabbed hold a spear saying, "By Allaah! You have done nothing!" 
He then went to Hadhrat As'ad J&Nas&SSi and when he saw Hadhrat As'ad ©Ja®® 
and Hadhrat Mus'ab Wi%t&& sitting in peace, he realised that Hadhrat Usayd 
©!«@9 had wanted him to listen to them. He also stood in front of the two and 
swore them. He said to Hadhrat As'ad 5S@@£, "O Abu Umaamah! By Allaah! If it 
were not for the relationship between you and I, you would have never thought 
of doing this. You dare to introduce into our locality something that we detest!" 
Already before his arrival, Hadhrat As'ad S!«&Ss> had mentioned to Hadhrat 
Mus'ab SJ!^@Si, "O Mus'ab! By Allaah! Here comes the leader of all those behind 
him. Should he follow you, no two persons of his community would remain 
behind." 

Hadhrat Mus'ab 5S3)»®g> said to him, "Will you not be seated and listen awhile. If 
you like what you hear, you may accept it. Otherwise, we shall stop doing what 
you dislike." Hadhrat Sa'd ©.&®g> said, "That is a fair proposition." He then stuck 
his spear into the ground and sat down. Hadhrat Mus'ab &IS3S&9 then spoke to 
him about Islaam and recited the Qur'aan to him. One of the narrators by the 
name of Moosa bin Aqba says that Hadhrat Mus'ab SflSsSsei recited the beginning 
of Surah Zukhruf. Hadhrat Mus'ab W&$& and Hadhrat As'ad SU3©e> say that 
from the radiance and gentleness they saw in the face of Hadhrat Sa'ad 5UJ3i@e>, 
they recognisedthat he would accept Islaam before he could even mention it. 
Hadhrat Sa'ad S30S8S9 said, "What do you do when you want to enter the fold of 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$%$&& (Vol-1) 209 

this religion?" They said to him, "Take a bath, cleanse yourself well, purify your 
two (upper and lower) clothes, recite the Shahaadah of truth and perform 
salaah." Hadhrat Sa'ad &[%!&$ stood up, took a bath, washed his clothes, recited 
the Shahaadah and then stood up to perform two Rakaahs salaah. He then took 
his spear and returned to the gathering of his people who were still in the 
company of Hadhrat Usayd bin Hudhayr ?£%%&&. 

Hadhrat Sad bin Mu'aadh 'tgm&J Gives Da'wah to 
the Banu Abdil Ash'hal Tribe 

When his people saw him return, they said, "We swear by Allaah that Sa'd is 
returning to you with a look very different to the one he left you with." When 
Hadhrat Sa'd SS»i@^ stopped by them, he said, "O Banu Abdil Ash'hal! How do 
you rate my status amongst you?" They replied, 'You are our leader, the one with 
the best opinions and the most far-sighted." He then said, "It is now forbidden for 
me to speak to any of your men or women until you all believe in Allaah and His 
Rasool &%." The narrator says, "By Allaah! There was not a man or woman 
amongst the Banu Abdil Ash'hal tribe that did not accept Islaam by the 
evening." 

Hadhrat As'ad 5SD3®® and Hadhrat Mus'ab *U©®& then returned to Hadhrat As'ad 
t's house where Hadhrat Mus'ab ^^6 continued calling people to Allaah. 
Eventually, there was not a single Ansaar household that was devoid of Muslim 
men or women. The only exceptions were the homes of the Banu Umayyah bin 
Zaid, the Khatma, the Waa'il and Waaqif, all of whom belonged to the Aws 
tribe. (1 > 

Tabraani and Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'ilun Nubuwwah have narrated a lengthy report 
from Hadhrat Urwa $&$$&?> mentioning the Da'wah Rasulullaah {Ji§| gave to the 
Ansaar and how they accepted Islaam. This will appear in the chapter concerning 
the condition of the Ansaar at the beginning, Inshaa Allaah. The narration then 
continues to mention that the Ansaar then secretly invited their people to Islaam 
and finally asked Rasulullaah QH88ii to send someone to give Da'wah to the 
people. Rasulullaah &% complied by sending Hadhrat Mus'ab SSS3&'. This has 
already been mentioned in the chapter entitled, "Rasulullaah W$£ Dispatches 
Individuals to give Da'wah". The narration then continues to state that Hadhrat 
As'ad bin Zuraarah Js3.lS§@8> and Hadhrat Mus'ab ^S@« once came to the well of 
Bir Maraq or close to it. There they sat and sent a message that the people of the 
area should come secretly. 

As Hadhrat Mus'ab SJ2s®s was speaking to the people and reciting the Qur'aan 
to them, Hadhrat Sa'd bin Mu'aadh isSS®® was informed about them. Taking his 
weapons and spear along, he came and stood before them. He said, "Why have 
you come to us in our locality with this lonesome man who is an outcast and a 
stranger? With falsehood he is making fools of our gullible ones and inviting 
them. I do not want to see you two again in our vicinity." The people all returned. 



(1) Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in AI Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg.152). 



210 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&]&&& (Vol-1) 

However, they returned a second time to Bir Maraq or nearby. When Hadhrat 
Sa'd $®0a&6 was again informed about them, he gave them another warning 
which was less harsh than the first. When Hadhrat As'ad ii3£s@e> noticed that he 
had somewhat softened, he said to him, "O cousin! Give him a hearing at least. If 
you hear anything unpleasant, O Sa'd, you may refuse to accept it from him 
(another narration states, "You may rebut it with something better"). However, if 
you hear something good, then respond to this call from Allaah." 
Hadhrat Sa'd Wffi&z said, "What has he to say?" Hadhrat Mus'ab 5i3!3i@9 then 
recited the following verses of the Qur'aan: 

\ V U>4*» j£X») L>j* lily id** \i\ <Q y**J\ <-ixJlj V j^-f 

(rl^aJ^jJUjj-i) 

HaaMeem. By the oath of the Clear Book (the Qur'aan)! We have made 
it an Arabic Qur'aan so that you (O people of Arabia, who are the first 
recipients of the Qur'aan) understand. {Surah Zukhruf, verses 1-3} 
Hadhrat Sa'd ^3!3ffi!S5 said, "I can certainly relate to what I hear." Allaah guided 
him and he returned to his people without announcing his acceptance of Islaam 
until he reached them. When he returned to his people, he invited the Banu Abdil 
Ash'hal to Islaam, thereby disclosing his acceptance of Islaam. He said, "Any 
young or old person, male or female who has doubts should present something 
better and we shall readily accept it. By Allaah! Such a thing had appeared before 
which necks are forced to bow." When Hadhrat Sa'd H8Sffl&& accepted Islaam and 
gave Da'wah to his people, the entire Banu Abdil Ash'hal accepted Islaam besides 
a negligible number of people, the Banu Abdil Ash'hal were therefore the first 
family of the Ansaar whose members all accepted Islaam. The rest of the 
narration isthesameasappearedinthechapterentitled, "Rasulullaah {JjJSii- Dispatches 
Individuals to give Da'wah". The last part of the narration states that Hadhrat 
Mus'ab 5SBj3@* then returned to Rasulullaah g§P i.e. to Makkah. 

Hadhrat Tulayb bin Umayr W$M& Gives Da'wah to 
his Mother Arwa bint Abdil Muttalib 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ibraheem bin Haarith W&®s$ narrates that when 
Hadhrat Tulayb bin Umayr 323!3@s> accepted Islaam, he went to his mother Arwa 
who was the daughter of Abdul Muttalib (Rasulullaah {Jiii's maternal aunt). He 
said to her, "I have accepted Islaam and am the follower of Muhammad &i§§." 
Relating the incident, he also mentioned to her, "What prevents you from 
accepting Islaam and following Muhammad {£Hi|? Even your brother Hamza has 
accepted Islaam." She replied, "I am waiting to see what my sisters do. I shall 
then do as they do." Hadhrat Tulayb ©!^@si states that he then said to his 
mother, "In the name of Allaah I beseech you to go to Rasulullaah (J§H?, to greet 
him, to believe in him and to testify that that there is none worthy of worship but 
Allaah and that Muhammad gjji^i is Allaah's Rasul." 
She immediately uttered: 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$$&> (Vol-1) 211 

4JJI J^j Ijusm d «x«A»j *AJI H\ ill] * o'J^I 
"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad W$s is Allaah's Rasul." 
Thereafter, she continuously assisted Rasulullaah WOOis with her words and 
encouraged her son to assist Rasulullaah &0t and to establish the Deen, (1) 
Abu Salma bin Abdir Rahmaan SlSSSsJ narrates that Hadhrat Tulayb bin Umayr 
WS%&$ accepted Islaam in the house of Hadhrat Arqam Js3,©®!«. After leaving, he 
went to his mother who was Arwa bint Abdil Muttalib. He said to her, "I follow 
Muhammad W8®!g and have submitted to Allaah the Rabb of the universe Whose 
mention is most exalted." His mother said, "Your maternal uncle's son 
(Rasulullaah {£!§§§) is certainly most deserving of your assistance. By Allaah! If we 
women had the strength of men, we would certainly follow him and defend 
him." Hadhrat Tulayb S.©@© says that he then asked her, "O beloved mother! 
Then what is it that prevents you from accepting Islaam?" The rest of the 
narration is the same as the one quoted above. * 2 * 

Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab Jumhi *gJ0@e> 
gives Da'wah and His Acceptance of Islaam 

Umayr bin Wahab and Saftvaan bin Umayyah 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr narrates that shortly after their defeat at Badr, Umayr 
bin Wahab Jumhi who had been a Shaytaan from amongst the Shayaateen of the 
Quraysh was sitting with Safwaan bin Umayyah in the Hateem. Umayr bin Wahab 
5s3!S@8) used to harm Rasulullaah &HJ& and the Sahabah '$&!%&&, who suffered 
tremendous difficulty at his hands when in Makkah. His son Wahab bin Umayr 
was also one of the captives whom the Muslims had captured during the Battle of 
Badr. When Umayr bin Wahab mentioned what had happened to the people of 
the well (the well in Badr in which the corpses of seventy Mushrikeen were 
thrown), Safwaan bin Umayyah commented, "By Allaah! There is no enjoyment in 
life after their deaths." Umayr bin Wahab remarked, "That is true. By Allaah! Had 
it not been for the debts I have which I am unable to settle, and for my family 
whom I fear shall be destroyed without me, I would certainly ride to Muhammad 
<£|eSl§ and kill him. In fact, I have an excuse to see him, my son is a captive in the 
hands of the Muslims." 

Taking advantage of the situation, Safwaan bin Umayyah said, "I take the 
responsibility of settling your debts and I shall care for your family with my own 
and I shall do everything in my capacity to care for them as long as they live." 
Umayr bin Wahab said to him, "Keep this matter a secret between us." Safwaan 
bin Umayyah agreed and Umayr bin Wahab proceeded to have his sword 
sharpened and poisoned. He then left on his journey until he reached Madinah. 

(1) Waaqidi as quoted in Isti'aab (Vol. 4 Pg.225). 

(2) Haakim in his Mustadrak (Vol. 3 Pg.239). Ibn Sa'd has also reported a similar narration in his 
Tabaqaat (Vol.3 Pg.123). Comments on the chain of narrators have been made by Haakim (Vol.3 
Pg.239) as well as in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.234). 



212 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ®P%$&9 (Vol-1) 

In the meanwhile, Hadhrat Umar isSSffi!© was in the company of a group of 
Sahabah $&$&&?> who were busy discussing the Battle of Badr. They spoke about 
the victory that Allaah had blessed them with and the defeat of their enemy that 
Allaah had shown them. As they spoke, Hadhrat Umar StUSsSUe) noticed Umayr bin 
Wahab settling his camel at the door of the Masjjd and carrying a sword around 
his neck. Hadhrat Umar W&32S& exclaimed, "That dog and enemy of Allaah Umayr 
bin Wahab is up to no good. It was he who caused trouble during the Battle of 
Badr and who estimated our numbers for the enemy." 

Umayr bin Wahab With Rasulullaah &j§ 

Hadhrat Umar !&&$&?> then came to Rasulullaah (S3£! and said, "O Nabi of Allaah! 
The enemy of Allaah Umayr bin Wahab has come with a sword hanging from his 
neck. Rasulullaah @|@£ said, "Allow him to meet me." Hadhrat Umar Wti%&6 
grabbed hold of the handle of Umayr bin Wahab's sword and pulled him towards 
Rasulullaah ^^ by the collar. He then said to the men of the Ansaar who were 
with him, "Go to Rasulullaah @$l and sit with him. Watch this wretch closely for 
he cannot be trusted." He then brought Umayr bin Wahab to Rasulullaah W&i. 
When Rasulullaah (SSII saw him with Hadhrat Umar 5§Si§@»si pulling him by the 
handle of his sword at his collar, Rasulullaah W$£ said, "Leave him, O Umar! You 
may come closer, O Umayr." 

when Umayr bin Wahab came closer to Rasulullaah W$£ he greeted with the 
words, "Blessed is your morning." This was the manner in which people greeted 
during the Period of Ignorance. Rasulullaah gjj3££ said, "Allaah has blessed us 
with a greeting better than your greeting, O Umayr. He has blessed us with the 
greeting of Salaam which is the greeting of the people of Jannah." "Well," said 
Umayr, "By Allaah! This is new to me, O Muhammad." Rasulullaah @I33£ asked, 
"What brings you here, Umayr?" Umayr replied, "I have come regarding this 
prisoner that you have with you. Please be kind to him." Rasulullaah W$£ asked, 
"Why then the sword around your neck?" Umayr cursed, "These swords! Have 
they ever done us any good?!" Rasulullaah (^g| said, "Tell me the truth. What 
have you come for?" "I have come only for this," lied Umayr. 
Rasulullaah W$i then said to him, "You and Safwaan bin Umayyah were 
sitting in the Hateem and discussing what had happened to the people of the 
well when you said, 'Had it not been for my debts and the family I have, I 
would have gone to kill Muhammad £$31.' Safwaan then assumed 
responsibility for your debts and your family if you would kill me. However, 
Allaah stands between you and I." 

Umayr bin Wahab Accepts Islaam and Gives 
Da'wah to the People of Makkah 

Umayr exclaimed, "I testify that you are certainly the Rasool of Allaah. O 
Rasulullaah {ie$i! We used to treat as a lie everything that you brought to us 
from the heavens and the revelation that descended on you. However, this is a 
matter that none witnessed but Safwaan and I. By Allaah! I am convinced that 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$$& (Vol-D 213 

none besides Allaah could have brought you this news. All praises belong to 
Allaah Who has guided me to islaam and has pulled me in this way." He then 
recited the Shahaadah. of truth. Rasulullaah &£ said to the Sahabah $3)3®©, 
"Educate your brother about his Deen, teach him the Qur'aan and free his 
prisoner." / 

When the Sahabah '&&$&& had done as they were commanded, Hadhrat Umayr 
Wi%&% said, "O Rasulullaah (S^! I made tremendous efforts to extinguish the 
Deen of Allaah and I used to cause great harm to those who followed the Deen of 
Allaah. I would now like you to permit me to go to Makkah and invite the people 
towards Allaah, His Rasool &£ and Islaam. Perhaps Allaah shall guide them, if 
they do not accept, I shall cause harm to them because of their religion as I used 
to cause harm to your companions because of their Deen." Rasulullaah Qi$@§ gave 
his permission and he arrived in Makkah. 

After Hadhrat Umayr 3&83®!« had left Makkah, Safwaan bin Umayyah had been 
telling the people, "Rejoice at the news that will come to you in a few days, which 
will make you forget the incident of Badr." Safwaan used to enquire about 
Hadhrat Umayr 5&8J3@& from every traveller (coming from Madinah) someone 
arrived and informed him that Hadhrat Umayr 5£31*®?> had accepted islaam. 
Safwaan then took an oath saying that he will never speak to Umayr again and 
will never do him any good turn. ^' 

A Large Number of People Accept Islaam at the 
Hands of Hadhrat Umayr *|2,l3@?f> 

Ibn Jareer has also narrated this incident from Hadhrat Urwa W%8&?) but with the 
addition that when Hadhrat Umayr %$&&?> arrived in Makkah, he stayed there 
inviting people to Islaam and harassing those who opposed him. A large number 
of people accepted Islaam at his hands. * 2 ' 

The Comment of Hadhrat Umar ^.l*@gi Concerning 
the Conversion of Hadhrat Umayr t 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr W88&9 has also reported a narration which states that 
the Muslims were overjoyed when Hadhrat Umayr bin Wahab SJ)5®e> accepted 
Islaam. Hadhrat Umar i£$3s©s> used to say, "There is no doubt that I liked a pig 
more than him the day he arrived. However, today he is more beloved to me than 
some of my own children." * 3 ' 

Hadhrat Amr bin Umayyah W8®i*s> narrates that when Hadhrat Umayr JSUajSSs 
returned to Makkah after accepting Islaam, he proceeded straight to his house 
without meeting Safwaan bin Umayyah. He made it public that he had accepted 



(1) Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.313). 

(2) Kanzul Ummaal (\lo\J Pg.81). Tabraani has narrated a similar report and Haythami (Vol. 8 Pg.286) 
has verified that the chain of narrators is sound. 

(3) Tabraani has also narrated a similar report from Hadhrat Anas &&M%. Haythami (Vol. 8 Pg.287) 
has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Mandah has also narrated it but Isaaba (Vol. 3 
Pg.36) has commentary on the chain of narrators. 



214 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jQ£%@£g> (Vol-1) 

Islaam and started inviting people to Islaam. When this news reached Safwaan, 
he said, "When he went to his family before coming to me, I knew that Umayr 
had become involved in the very thing he feared and had forsaken his religion. I 
shall never speak to him again and never do a good turn to him or his family." 
As Safwaan stood in the Hateem one day, Hadhrat 6mayr *§Jl2®sS called for him. 
When Safwaan ignored him, Hadhrat Umayr W&&$ said to him, "You are one of 
our leaders. Tell me. When we worshipped stones and sacrificed animals for 
them, was this any religion? I testify that there is none worthy of worship but 
Allaah and that Muhammad 00$% is Allaah's servant and Rasul." Safwaan did not 
utter a word in response. ^ The effort Hadhrat Umayr WHS&6 made to get 
Safwaan to accept Islaam has already been mentioned. (2) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra m$8M> Gives Da'wah to his 
Mother and She Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra 3sB3ffiSS says that he used to invite his mother to Islaam 

when she was still a Mushrik. One day as he was giving her the Da'wah, she told 

him things about Rasulullaah {£!§§§ that he did not like. He went crying to 

Rasulullaah %!$§§ and said, "O Rasulullaah &§] When I invite my mother to 

Islaam, she refuses to accept. When I did so today, she told me things about you 

that I did not like. Pray to Allaah to guide the mother of Abu Hurayra." 

Rasulullaah (^^ made du'aa saying, "O Allaah! Guide the mother of Abu 

Hurayra;" 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra SJ!2j@8 narrates further, "Happy with the du'aa of 

Rasulullaah $&$&, I left' but when I tried to open the door of the house, I found it 

locked. Hearing my footsteps, my mother shouted, 'Stay where you are, O Abu 

Hurayra.' I then heard the pattering of water (as my mother took a bath to accept 

Islaam). She then wore her clothes and hastily donned a scarf. She opened the 

door and said, 'O Abu Hurayra! 

■in V' i* 6 '* 6 'i>' >i' -"in .Si 'I11.S *V' >\ 
4JLM J^j IjUst* q\ X$£>\j -dJI y\ *Jj V q\x^,\ 

'I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad $$% is Allaah's Rasul.'" 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayra &&$&& says that he then returned to Rasulullaah £|§f and 
informed him about what had happened. Rasulullaah Wife praised Allaah and 
made du'aa in their favour. (3) 

According to another narration, Hadhrat Abu Hurayra 5S3^S!8> used to say, "By 
Allaah! Whenever any male or female Muslim hears my name, they take a 
liking to me." "How do you know this?" the narrator asked. He then mentioned 
that he used to invite his mother to Islaam and the narration continues like the 
one mentioned above. However, this narration states at the end, "I then hurried 



(1) Waaqidi as quoted in Isti'aab (Vol.2 Pg.486). 

(2) Refer to the subheading "Hadhrat Safwaan bin Umayyah JSKSt* accepts Islaam" in the chapter 
concerning the conquest of Makkah. 

(3) Muslim as well as Ahmad as mentioned in lsaaba (Vol.4 Pg.24l) 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH f&l%&i> (Vol-D 215 

back to Rasulullaah {&!$£ crying out of happiness as I had been crying out of 
sorrow earlier. I said, 'Hear the good news. Allaah has accepted your du'aa and 
has guided the mother of Abu Hurayra to Islaam.' I then added, 'O Rasulullaah 



v i\ Pray to Allaah to make my mother and I beloved to every Mu'min male and 
female.' Rasulullaah {Ji§§ made du'aa saying, 'O Allaah! Make this little servant 
of Yours and his mother beloved to every Mu'min male and female.' Therefore 
whenever any male or female Muslim hears my name, they take a liking to 
me." (1) 

t 

Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym Gives Da'wah 

Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym £@IS@& invites Hadhrat Abu Talha to Islaam when he 
Proposes to Her and he Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Anas 5£0j3®»s> narrates that before he accepted Islaam, Hadhrat Abu Talha 
S3)S®si proposed for Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym 12&&8&9. She said to him, "O Abu 
Talha! Do you not know that the god you worship is a tree growing from the 
ground?" He replied, "I do indeed." She then said, "Do you not feel ashamed to 
worship a tree? If you accept Islaam, I require no other dowry from you." Hadhrat 
Abu Talha 3i3.lS.sSs> said that he would ponder over the matter and left. He later 
came back and said: 

ail j>o tju*i a' j4a'j IJJi •*] £J] v a'lfii 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad &£ is Allaah's Rasul." 
Hadhrat Ummu Sulaym SgS2®« then said (to her son), "O Anas! Get Abu Talha 
married." Hadhrat Anas J&HSSSeJ then conducted the Nikaah. (2) 

The Da'wah that The Sahabah ft@£g@$ 
Gave to Various Tribes and Arabs 

The Da'wah Hadhrat Dimaam bin Tha'laha Gave to 
the Banu Sa'd bin Bakr Tribe 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas JSS«@gi narrates that the Banu Sa'd bin Bakr tribe 
sent Hadhrat Dimaam bin Tha'laba Wti$®& as their representative to Rasulullaah 
W8&. When he arrived (in Madinah), he seated his camel at he door of the Masjid 
and tied it up. He then entered the Masjid where Rasulullaah {^^- was sitting 
with the Sahabah $Sffi®&; Hadhrat Dimaam JSH3i@» was a large, hairy and 
heavily built man. He went forward and stood before Rasulullaah (JS$| and the 
Sahabah SSB2SS!*. He then asked, "Which of you is the descendant of Abdul 
Muttalib?" Rasulullaah WH& replied, "I am the descendant of Abdul Muttalib." "Are 
you Muhammad?" Hadhrat Dimaam 3Hi3@« clarified. "Yes," confirmed 
Rasulullaah f&g. 
Hadhrat Dimaam Wi%®% then said, "O descendant of Abdul Muttalib! I want to 



(1) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.4 Pg.328). 

(2) Ahmad. Ibn Sa'd has also narrated a similar report as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol. 4 Pg.461). 



216 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B£S@jggi (Vol-1 ) 

ask you some questions and I will be very blunt. So please do not take offence." 
Rasulullaah ^i said, "I will not take offence: You may ask whatever you 
please." Hadhrat Dimaam igSSs&S?) said, "I ask you in the name of that Allaah Who 
is your deity, the deity of those before you and the deity of those coming after 
you. Has Allaah sent you to us?" Rasulullaah/ %Mt replied, "Yes, by Allaah!" 
Hadhrat Dimaam JeSS®© asked further, "I ask you in the name of that Allaah Who 
is your deity, the deity of those before you and the deity of those coming after 
you. Has Allaah commanded you to instruct us that we should worship only He 
Who is The One and that we should not ascribe anyone as partner to Him?" 
Hadhrat Dimaam 3SS®bS& then enquired, "I ask you in the name of that Allaah 
Who is your deity, the deity of those before you and the deity of those coming 
after you. Has Allaah issued the command to you that we should perform these 
five salaahs?" Rasulullaah %$®it again responded by saying, 'Yes, by Allaah!" In 
this manner, Hadhrat Dimaam iSSSagi asked about each of the Faraa'idh of 
Islaam, about zakaah, fasting, Hajj as well as the other injunctions of the 
Shari'ah. Each time he asked about any Fardh injunction, he asked Rasulullaah 
fJili? in the name of Allaah as he had done initially. When he had completed the 
questioning, he said: 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad &£ is Allaah's Rasul." 
He said further, "I shall fulfil all these Faraa'idh and abstain from everything you 
have forbidden. Neither shall I add to this, nor reduce anything." He then went to 
his camel to return home. Rasulullaah &SH commented, "If this man with two 
locks of long hair is truthful, he shall definitely enter Jannah." 

The Banu Sa'd Accept Islaam and the Statement of 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas '&&&£ Concerning 

Hadhrat Dimaam Wm& 

Hadhrat Dimaam JIBS®© went to his camel, untied the rope and then rode away 
until he reached his people. The first thing he said was, "Laat and Uzza are most 
terrible!" The people said, "Do not say that Dimaam! Beware of white liver! 
Beware of leprosy! Beware of insanity!(The idols will inflict you with these 
diseases for saying this)." Hadhrat Dimaam ©tSffife' said to them, "Shame on you! 
By Allaah! These two idols can neither do harm nor give benefit. Allaah has sent a 
Rasul and revealed a book to him to save you from what you are involved in. I 
testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad {Si$§ 
is Allaah's servant and Rasul. I have just come from him with the details of things 
he has commanded and those that he has forbidden." 

The narrator of the reports states, "By Allaah! By the same evening every male 
and female present with Hadhrat Dimaam 1M3&& was a Muslim. Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Abbaas &$%&% states, "We have never heard of any representative 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&& (Vol-1) 217 

of his tribe who was nobler than Hadhrat Dimaam bin Tha'laba W&&&. A 
narration of Waaqidi mentions that by the same evening every male and female 
present with Hadhrat Dimaam W&&?> was a Muslim and that they built Masaajid 
and called out the Adhaan for salaah. ^ 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah Juhani W&$& 
Gives Da'wah to his People 

The Dream Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah &$8}&$ had 
About the Risaalat of Rasulullaah iH 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah igt)2®g> narrates that he once performed Hajj with a 
group of his people during the Period of Ignorance. While in Makkah he had a 
dream in which he saw a light rising from the Kabah which extended its 
illumination to the mountains of Yathrib (now called Madinah) and the Ash'ar 
mountains in the region of the Juhayna tribe. He also heard a voice in the light 
saying, "Darkness has been dispersed, light has spread and the seal of the 
Ambiyaa has been sent." He then saw another light which illuminated for him 
the palaces of Heera and white buildings of Madaa'in. He again heard a voice in 
the light which said, "Islaam has become manifest, the idols are destroyed and 
family ties are fostered." He then woke up with a fright and said to his people, "By 
Allaah!- Something astounding is going to take place amongst the tribe of the 
Quraysh." He then related the dream to them. 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah WS^&& Meets 
Rasulullaah ^jc§? and Accepts Islaam 

When Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah J£3!3!@s> reached his locality, the news reached 
him that a person called Ahmad has been sent as a Rasul. He left home and came 
to Rasulullaah {£§$#. When he informed Rasulullaah <i^i about his dream, 
Rasulullaah Wijjtg said, "O Amr bin Murrah! I am the Rasul of Allaah sent to all 
of mankind. I invite you to Islaam and command you to protect life, to foster 
good family ties, to worship Allaah Alone, to forsake idols, to perform Hajj to the 
Kabah and to fast during Ramadhaan which is one of the twelve months of the 
year. Whoever accepts this shall have Jannah and whoever disobeys shall have 
the fire of Jahannam. Accept Imaan, O Amr bin Murrah and Allaah shall rescue 
you from the terror of Jahannam." 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah 3SSSffi!>& said, "I testify that there is none worthy of 
worship but Allaah and that you are Allaah's Rasul.. I believe in everything Halaal 
and Haraam that you have brought even though a great number of people reject 
it. The tribe of Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah &S8&9 had an idol and it was his father 
who tended to it. However, Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah SHSSSsi broke the idol before 
coming to meet Rasulullaah WH&. (Afte r accepting Islaam,) Hadhrat Amr bin 
(1) Ibn Is'haaq, Ahmad and Abu Dawood as quoted in AI Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 5 Pg.60). Haakim 

has also reported it in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.54) with commentary. Imaam Dhahabi has verified 

the authenticity of the narration. 



218 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W2S%i&& (Vol-D 

Murrah W&H&ti then recited to Rasulullaah &% some couplets he had composed 

when he heard of Rasulullaah WHOHs. These are translated as follows: 

"I testify that Allaah is True and without doubt 

I am the first to forsake the gods of stone 

I have folded up my trousers to migrate ( 

Over difficult roads and inhospitable lands I travel to you (O Rasulullaah t&M.'J 

To be in the company of him who is the best of people in personality and lineage 

Who is the messenger of the King of mankind and of everything above the 

heavens" 

Rasulullaah &SH congratulated him on these couplets 

Rasulullaah #&•? Sends Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah 
£P*@S) to Give .Da'wah to his People and Advises Him 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah 3§3!®S» then said to Rasulullaah {JSP, "May my parents 
be sacrificed for you! Do send me to my people. Perhaps Allaah shall bestow His 
grace on them through me as He has bestowed His grace on me through you." 
When Rasulullaah Oi^i sent him, he first advised him saying, "Always adopt 
gentleness and honest speech. Never be ill-tempered, proud or jealous." 
Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah &i%&9 then went to his people and said, "O Rifaa'ah or 
I should rather say O gathering of the Juhayna tribe! I am the messenger of the 
Rasul of Allaah. I invite you to accept Islaam and command you to protect life, to 
foster good family ties, to worship Allaah Alone, to forsake idols, to perform Hajj 
to the Kabah and to fast during Ramadhaan, which is one of the twelve months 
of the year. Whoever accepts this shall have Jannah and whoever disobeys shall 
have the fire of jahannam. O gathering of the juhayna! Allaah has made you the 
best of the Arab tribes and even during the Period of Ignorance you detested the 
evil practices of that other Arab tribes liked. They used to join two sisters in one 
marriage, wage wars during the sacred months and succeed their fathers as 
husbands of their mothers. Accept the call of the Nabi that Allaah has sent from 
the lineage of Luway bin Ka'b and you will attain the honour of this world and 
great distinction in the Aakhirah." 

Only one person came to him saying, "O Amr bin Murrah! May Allaah make your 
life bitter! Do you command us to forsake our gods and to create divisions within 
ourselves. Do you command us to oppose the religion of our forefathers who 
were all of extremely high character and to adopt the religion towards which the 
person of the Quraysh from the people of Tihaamah is calling? We have neither 
love for him nor any respect. The wretch then proceeded to say the following 
couplets, which mean: 
"Ibn Murrah has come with a statement 
A statement that cannot be from one who wishes reformation 
I am sure that the words and actions oflbji Murrah 
Shall prove to be a lump in the throat even though some time may elapse 
He makes fools of our noble predecessors 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fSSff$"!?£> (Vol-1) 219 

And whoever dares to do this can never attain success" 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah JPSSSti said to the man, "May Allaah make life bitter for 
the one who is lying from the two of us. May Allaah make him dumb and blind as 
well." A narrator says, "By Allaah! Before the man died, he lost all this teeth, he 
became blind, went insane and was unable to taste any food." 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah WfflO& Comes to 

Rasulullaah &H° with Those from his Tribe who 

Accepted Islaam and Rasulullaah &£ has a Letter 

Written for them 

Hadhrat Amr bin Murrah W$®&i> left his locality with those of his people who 
accepted Islaam and came to Rasulullaah &|$|. Rasulullaah ®g§ greeted them 
and welcomed them. He also had the following letter written to their people: 

In the name of Allaah The Most Kind The Most Merciful 

This is a letter from the Mighty Allaah, expressed on the tongue of His 

Rasool who has come with the absolute truth and a Book that speaks 

the truth. 

It is entrusted with Amr bin Murrah and addressed to the Juhayna bin 

Zaid tribe. 

You may have for yourselves the low-lying lands and plains as well as 

the hills and backs of the valleys. You may also tend its crops and drink 

its water. All this is 'on condition that you pay one-fifth of booty, 

perform five salaahs, give two goats (as zakaah) for every flock of sheep 

or goats when they are together (and they number between 120 and 

200) and one goat for every flock that is separate (and number between 

40 and 119). There shall be no zakaah on animals used for ploughing 

fields and for drawing water. Allaah and all the Muslims present are 

witness to this settlement between us. 

Hadhrat Qais bin Shammaas S3ts!@e> wrote this letter. (1) 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood W&®$£> gives 
Da'wah to the Thaqeef Tribe 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood W$&z> Accepts Islaam, 
Gives Da'wah to his People and they Kill him 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr W&&6 narrates that when the Muslims started 
performing Hajj during the ninth year after Hijrah, Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood 
W&&9 came to Rasulullaah $$$£ as a Muslim. When he requested permission to 
go back to his people to preach Islaam, Rasulullaah 0M said, "I fear that they 

(1) Rooyaani and Ibn Asaakir as mentioned in Kanzul Ufnmaal (Vol. 7 Pg.64). Abu Nu'aym has also 
reported it in length as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 2 Pg.35l). Tabraani has also 
narrated it as mentioned in Ma/ma (Vol.8 Pg.244). 



220 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&mk) (Vol-1) 

will kill you." He said, "(They have so much respect for me that) If they find me 
asleep, they would not even' wake me up." Rasulullaah &0> permitted him and 
he returned to his people. 

It was at night when he returned and all the people of the Thaqeef tribe came to 
greet him. However, when he started calling 4hem to Islaam, they levelled 
accusations against him, became furious at him, swore at him and finally killed 
him. Rasulullaah {®§? said, "Urwa's example is like that of the person of Surah 
Yaaseen who called his people towards Allaah and they killed him." (1) 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood Ji3Ja@^ Becomes Happy 
with his Martyrdom and Advises his People 

Numerous scholars have reported this narration at length. Their reports mention 
that Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood JS8jS@& reached home at night and went to his 
house. The people of the Thaqeef came to his house and greeted him in the 
manner people greeted during the Period of Ignorance. He refused to allow their 
greeting and said, "You should adopt the greeting of the people of Jannah which 
is Salaam." The people then started abusing him and hitting him but he tolerated 
it all. They then left him and started discussing about him. 
When dawn broke, he went up to his balcony and called out the Adhaan for 
salaah. The people of the Thaqeef came out of their homes and came to him from 
every direction. A person from the Banu Maalik tribe called Aws bin Auf shot an 
arrow at Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood 2£3SJ§5», which struck an artery. (Despite 
efforts) The blood would not stop flowing. When this happened, Ghaylaan bin 
Salma, Kinaana bin Abd Yaleel, Hakam bin Amr and several'leading figure of their 
allied tribes took up their arms and got together! They announced, "Either we are 
killed orweshalltakethelivesof ten leaders of the Banu Maalik tribe in retaliaton." 
When Hadhrat Urwa bin Mas'ood SSai®* saw the developments, he said, "Do not 
take any lives for my sake. I have donated my blood to the person who took it to 
preserve your unity. This death is a blessing that Allaah has bestowed on me for 
he has brought martyrdom to me. I testify that Muhammad ^^ is Allaah's Rasul 
because he informed me that you would kill me." He then called for his family 
and said, "When I die you should bury me with those martyrs who were killed 
while fighting with Rasulullaah 0S$f before he left you." They then buried him 
with these martyred Sahabah $&%&& when he passed away. When the news of 
his martyrdom reached Rasulullaah {Ji$|, he said, "Urwa's example..." The rest of 
the Hadith is the same as the one mentioned above. The narration describing the 
way in which the Thaqeef accepted Islaam has already been mentioned in the 
chapter entitled "Incidents About the Character and Actions of Rasulullaah ®i? 
that Inspired People to Accept Islaam" * 2) ' (3 > 



(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.386) has commented on the chain of narrators. Haakim (Vol.3 
Pg.6 1 6) has also reported a similar narration. 

(2) This is found under the subheading "The Conquest -of Makkah" and a further subheading titled 
"The Banu Thaqeef Tribe of Taa'if accepts Islaam". 

(3) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.5 Pg.369). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&%&& (Vol-1) 221 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr Dowsi S&11& 
Gives Da'wah to his People 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr *S5ia©£> Arrives in Makkah 
and His Experience with the Quraysh 

Muhammad bin Is'haaq says that despite the harsh treatment that Rasulullaah 
(JPSI saw his people mete out to him, he exerted 'all his efforts to guide them and 
to save them from the evils they were involved in. When Allaah protected 
Rasulullaah {^si from them, the Quraysh started warning the Arabs about 
Rasulullaah {J§i§ when they came to meet him. Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr 3SB£®2> 
was a highly respected and intelligent poet. He narrates that when he arrived in 
Makkah .during the time when Rasulullaah ^^ was still living there, some men 
from the Quraysh came to him and asked, "O Tufayl! You have come to our city. 
This person amongst us has caused us great difficulty and has disunited us. His 
speech is bewitching and he has caused division between fathers and sons, 
between brothers and between husband and wife. We fear that you and your tribe 
should not suffer as we have. Do not speak to him and do not even listen to 
him." 

Hadhrat Tufayl &&S&6 says, "By Allaah! They did not let go of me until I resolved 
not to hear anything Rasulullaah (Jliif said and not to speak to him. I even went 
to the extent of stuffing pieces of wool in my ears when I proceeded to the 
Masjid the following morning, fearing that any of his words may reach me 
without me intentionally listening to him." 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr ^!S@e> Accepts Islaam 

Hadhrat Tufayl bin Amr JS53@e> says, "When I went to the Masjid in the morning, 
Rasulullaah ®si was standing there, performing salaah near the Kabah. I stood 
close to him and Allaah destined that I should hear some of his words. What I 
heard were excellent words and I said to myself, 'Shame on you! I am supposed 
to be an intelligent poet who can distinguish between good and bad. What 
prevents me from listening to what this man has to say? If what he says is 
good, I shall accept and if it is not, I shall ignore it.'" 

Hadhrat Tufayl ©IS®?) then waited until Rasulullaah && left for home. He then 
followed Rasulullaah (£!§§!• and met him when he entered his house. He then told 
Rasulullaah {Jiif what the Quraysh had told him and added, "By Allaah! They 
were so convincing that I even plugged my ears with wool so that I do not hear 
your words. Thereafter, Allaah destined that I should listen to you. What I heard 
were excellent words indeed. Present to me your case." Rasulullaah (Ji§§? then 
presented Islaam to him and recited the Qur'aan to him. Hadhrat Tufayl S3)3@»s 
remarked, "I swear by Allaah that I have never heard words more beautiful 
(than the Qur'aan) nor any matter as balanced (as Islaam)." After accepting 
Islaam and reciting the Shahaadah, Hadhrat Tufayl SIS®© said, "O Rasulullaah 
?! My people obey me so I shall return to them and invite them to Islaam. 



222 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&$$& (Vol-D 

Pray to Allaah to grant me a sign which will assist me in inviting them." 
Rasulullaah ®H§ made du'aa saying, "0 Allaah! Grant him a sign." 

Hadhrat Tufayl ®JS®si Returns to his People to 

Invite them to Islaam and Allaah Assists him by 

Granting him a Sign 

Hadhrat Tufayl ^JsM& says that he then went to his people and was at a valley 
from which he could see the people present there when a light radiated from 
between his eyes like a lantern. He then prayed, "O Allaah! Not on my face 
because my people will think that this is a form of punishment affecting my 
face because I had left my religion." He narrates further, "The light then moved 
to the top of my whip. The people present then showed each other the light on 
my whip which resembled a suspended lantern as I descended the valley towards 
them. When I reached them it was still morning." 

Hadhrat Tufayl W&&9 invites his Father and Wife 
to Islaam and they Both Accept 

Hadhrat Tufayl &!&&& narrates that when he came to his people, his father who 
was an extremely old man came to him. Hadhrat Tufayl W&&9 said, "Keep away 
from me, O father because you are not mine and I am not yours." "Why is it, O 
beloved son?" his father asked. Hadhrat Tufayl 5U$SSs> replied, "Because I have 
accepted Islaam and am a follower of Muhammad &i$l." His father said, "Your 
religion is mine." His father then took a bath, cleaned his clothes and came 
back to Hadhrat Tufayl S3!3®g) who presented Islaam to him. He accepted 
Islaam. 

When his wife came to him, Hadhrat Tufayl &&&$ said to her, "Keep away from 
me for I am not yours and you are not mine." "Why is it? May my parents be 
sacrificed for you!" Hadhrat Tufayl 3U£s@gi replied, "Islaam has separated me from 
you." She also accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Tufayl W88i®& further says that when he 
invited the rest of the Dows tribe to Islaam, they displayed reluctance. 

Rasulullaah &H& Makes Du'aa for the Dows Tribe 

After Which They Accept Islaam and Come to 

Rasulullaah iH Along with Hadhrat Tufayl m&@& 

Hadhrat Tufayl S3!2®s> then went to Rasulullaah £$i§ in Makkah and said, "O 
Nabi of Allaah! The Dows tribe has overpowered me. Please invoke Allaah's 
curses on them." (instead) Rasulullaah SSH prayed, "O Allaah! Guide the Dows 
tribe." Rasulullaah £S$| then said to him, "Return to your people, give them 
Da*wah and be gentle with them." Hadhrat Tufayl WX%&t> then returned to his 
people and continued giving them Da'wah all the time until Rasulullaah ®i? 
migrated (to Madinah) and the battles of Badr, Uhud and Khandaq were over. 
Thereafter, Hadhrat Tufayl W&&S& went to Rasulullaah &j$I? together with all 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&&£ (Vol-1) 223 

those from his people who had accepted Islaam. At the time Rasulullaah {£i3§!f 
was in Khaybar. Hadhrat Tufayl JSSiaSSi eventually reached Madinah with seventy 
or eighty families from the Dows tribe. (1) 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 3S82(@*8> has also narrated from Hadhrat Tufayl bin 
Amr W&i&6 the story of how he accepted Islaam, how he gave Da'wah to his 
father, his wife and his people and his arrival in Makkah, just as it was 
mentioned in the previous narration. However, the narration of Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Abbaas W&8&i> adds that Rasulullaah $!$§& sent Hadhrat Tufayl 
&$&?> to burn an idol called Dhul Kaffayn. In addition, it also mentions that 
Hadhrat Tufayl ©!a@»e> thereafter left for Yamaamah where he saw a dream and 
was then martyred in the Battle of Yamaamah. (2) 

Another narration states that when Hadhrat Tufayl JS8S@»si arrived in Makkah, 
some people from the Quraysh told him about Rasulullaah 00$!% and requested 
him to assess Rasulullaah {JiSI. He therefore went to Rasulullaah ^^§ and 
recited some of his poetry to Rasulullaah 2i3if. Rasulullaah {£S$| then recited 
Surah Ikhlaas and the Mu'awwadhatayn (Surahs Falaq and Naas) to him. He 
accepted islaam on the spot and then returned to his people. The narration then 
goes on to speak about his whip and its light. The narrator mentions further that 
Hadhrat Tufayl W&&& then invited his parents to Islaam. His father accepted 
Islaam but his mother did not. When he invited his tribesmen, it was only 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayra iB&&i who accepted. 

Thereafter, Hadhrat Tufayl 5s3$@» went to Rasulullaah (S^ and said, "Would you 
like a fortified stronghold with strong defences?" he was referring to the territory 
of the Dows tribe (which he wanted Rasulullaah &0- to take hold of after 
cursing the Dows tribe). However, when Rasulullaah &$£ made du'aa for the 
Dows tribe instead, Hadhrat Tufayl JSSS@e> said, "This is not what I wanted." 
Rasulullaah (HSi? said, "There are many of them who are just like you." 
Amongst the Dows tribe was a person called Jundub bin Amr bin Humama bin 
Auf who used to say during the Period of Ignorance, "I know that the Creation 
has a Creator but I do not know who it is." When he heard of Rasulullaah {j§S§, 
he went to Rasulullaah (&I$Si along with seventy five men of his tribe and they all 
accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Abu Hurayra 5i3!3®»e> narrates that Jundub placed each 
man individually before Rasulullaah {JiHr. 

(Apart from the above,) Many narrations have already passed (that are also 
relevant to this discussion) such as the narrations mentioning the Da'wah 
Hadhrat Ali SJJSs®?) gave to the Hamdaan tribe (3 >, the Da'wah Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed 5US2®9 gave to the Banu Haarith bin Ka'b (4) tribe and the Da'wah Hadhrat 
Abu Umaama i£l)£@sS gave to his tribe* 5 ' 

(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (Pg.78) as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg.100). Commentary on 
thechainof narrators is mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.225). Ibn Sa'd has also narrated the Hadith. 

(2) Isti'aab (Vol.2 Pg.232). 

(3) In the chapter entitled "Rasulullaah {®sf dispatches groups to give Da'wah" under the subheading 
"Rasulullaah Q&Sig dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SS3®*9 to Yemen". 

(4) In the chapter entitled "Rasulullaah g£@£ dispatches groups to give Da'wah" under the. subheading 
"Rasulullaah {§§§§ dispatches Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed Ja3lS@« to Yemen". 

(5) In the chapter entitled "Rasulullaah {JUS dispatches individuals to give Da'wah" under the 



224 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fSSmSf» (Vol-1) 

The Sahabah m&®&> Dispatch Individuals 
and Groups to Give Da'wah 

Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas W&®$g> and others are 

sent to Heraclius 

Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas Umawi ©!3®ei narrates that (during the Khilaafah of 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr W>&$&?>) he and another person we/e sent with the invitation to 
Islaam to Heraclius the Emperor of Rome. He says that when they arrived at 
Ghowtha meaning Damascus, they went to see Jabala bin Ayham Ghassaani who 
happened to be lying on his bed at the time. He sent a messenger to speak to 
them. When the messenger came, the Sahabah $®i%&» said, "By Allaah! We shall 
never speak to a messenger for we have been sent to see the king. If he grants 
permission, we shall speak to him but not to a messenger." When the messenger 
returned to the king with the news, he permitted them to enter and to speak. 
Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas &%&$ spoke to him and invited him to accept 
Islaam. 

The king was wearing black clothing. When Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas 5SJ!^SS© 
asked him why he was dressed in that manner, he replied, "I have vowed never to 
remove this clothing until I expel you from Shaam." The Sahabah itsS!^®^ said to 
him, "By Allaah! We shall soon be taking from you this place where you sit and 
we shall also be taking the kingdom of your high emperor (Heraclius), Inshaa 
Allaah! Our Rasul Muhammad &HI has informed us of this." The king said, "You 
are not those people. They will be people who fast during the day and stand in 
worship during the night." The narration continues further and will Inshaa Allaah 
be quoted in the chapter dealing with the help received from the unseen. *'* 
Hadhrat Moosa bin Uqba narrates that Hadhrat Hishaam bin Al Aas Sfi«@«, 
Hadhrat Nu'aym bin Abdillaah SSSsSaSs© and another person whom the narrator did 
name were sent to the Emperor of Rome during the Khilaafah of Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr 5i3£3®s>. Hadhrat Hishaam 3£J!2s@s> says, "We came to Jabala bin Ayham who 
was in Damascus and noticed that he was wearing black and that everything 
around him was black. He said, "You may speak, O Hishaam.'" Hadhrat Hishaam 
W&&® then spoke to him and invited him towards Allaah. The Hadith proceeds 
in detail as will be quoted ahead. * 2 ' 

The Sahabah ftgK£3@$ send Letters to Invite 
Towards Allaah and Islaam 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Haarith Sudaa'ee &ffi&$ Sends 
a Letter to his People 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Haarith Sudaa'ee JU!ai@e> narrates that he met Rasulullaah 

subheading "Rasulullaah 6i§l dispatches Hadhrat Abu Umaamah SSJSSSisSs to his people the 
Baahilah tribe". 

(1) Bayhaqi as quoted in The Tafseerof ibn Katheer (Vol.2 Pg.25l). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (Pg.9). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j$Bjff@gi (Vol-1) 225 

{§§£§, accepted and pledged his allegiance to Islaam at the hand of Rasulullaah 
&$$£■ He then heard that Rasulullaah &|$i had already dispatched an army to his 
people. He said, "O Rasulullaah ^li! Call the army back for I take the 
responsibility of ensuring that my people accept Islaam and remain obedient." 
When Rasulullaah W^ told him to go and call the army back and he was forced 
to excuse himself because his camel was too slow. Rasulullaah (£S$1 then sent 
someone else who called them back. 

Hadhrat Ziyaad SS3!^©s> then wrote a letter to his people in response to which a 
delegation came to inform Rasulullaah i$l! that they had accepted islaam. 
Rasulullaah {J§H said to Hadhrat Ziyaad 5£P®9, "Dear Sudaa'ee brother! It 
appears as if your people really obey you." Hadhrat Ziyaad J&UjSs&ScS replied, "(I 
cannot accept the credit because) it was Allaah Who has guided them to Islaam." 
Rasulullaah {Jf$f then asked, "Can I appoint you as their leader?" When 
Hadhrat Ziyaad SSBSiSSs) accepted, Rasulullaah £$$& wrote a letter to confirm his 
appointment. Hadhrat Ziyaad S3.12®g then asked Rasulullaah ijc§§ to reserve a 
share of the zakaah for them. Rasulullaah WH$£ agreed and then wrote another 
letter in this regard. 

Hadhrat Ziyaad W$!$& continues to relate that all this occurred during one of 
Rasulullaah ®$f journeys. When Rasulullaah QsffljjJUr camped at a place, the people 
there came to him and complained about the person who was appointed to 
collect their zakaah. .They told Rasulullaah {Sc$l that because there had been 
some friction between their tribe and his during the Period of ignorance, he was 
being harsh with them. Rasulullaah {JSUSS asked, "is he really doing this?" "Yes," 
they confirmed. Rasulullaah ^M then turned to the Sahabah SJSJSffiS^ with 
Hadhrat Ziyaad 583.12®© amongst them and said, "There is no good for a Mu'min 
in being appointed as a leader." Hadhrat Ziyaad 5S3!3s@s> says that this statement 
lingered in his heart. 

Another person later came to Rasulullaah £$§§ to ask for something. Rasulullaah 
@i? said, "The person who begs from people despite possessing sufficient 
wealth, his begging shall earn him nothing besides a headache and stomach 
disease." The person then asked to be given from the zakaah money. Rasulullaah 
&S$i said to him, "Allaah does not sanction the command of a Nabi or anyone 
else regarding the distribution of zakaah but issues the command Himself. Allaah 
has distributed it into eight parts so if you are amongst the eight, I shall give 
you." Hadhrat Ziyaad W&v&i says that it then occurred to him that he had asked 
for zakaah even though he had sufficient wealth. 

The Hadith then continues to a point where Hadhrat Ziyaad J&tfi§ffi!»gi says that 
after Rasulullaah {^$1 had completed salaah, he approached Rasulullaah W$s 
with the two letters saying, "O Rasulullaah ^§] Absolve me of these two." 
Rasulullaah ^Sl asked, "What has happened to you?" He replied, "O Rasulullaah 
W$£\ I heard you say that there is no good for a Mu'min in being appointed as a 
leader and I am a Mu'min who believes in Allaah and His Rasool. I also heard you 
say to the beggar that the person who begs from people despite possessing 



226 THE LIVES 0F THE SAHABAH Q&jZmfS) (Vol-1) 

sufficient wealth, his begging shall earn him nothing besides a headache and 
stomach disease. I had asked from you despite having sufficient wealth." 
Rasulullaah OJSie said, "That being as it is, you still have the option to either 
accept it to leave it." Hadhrat Ziyaad SMsfe' said, "I would rather leave it." 
Rasulullaah £|$lf then said to him, "Show me someone whom I may appoint as 
your leader." Hadhrat Ziyaad 5St!3@sg pointed out one of the persons who had 
come with the delegation and Rasulullaah ®§§ appointed him as the leader. (1) 

Hadhrat Bujayr bin Zuhayr bin Abi Sulma S!3@£> 
Writes a Letter to his Brother Ka'b 

Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Ka'b narrates that the two sons of Zuhayr who were 

Bujayr and Ka'b left on a journey and had reached a spring called Abraqal Azzaaf. 

Bujayr then said to Ka'b, "Stay here with the animals. I am going to see that 

person (Rasulullaah W$£) and hear what he has to say." Ka'b stayed and Bujayr 

left to meet Rasulullaah W$£. Rasulullaah W$& presented Islaam to him and he 

accepted. When the news reached Ka'b, he recited a few couplets which mean: 

"Will you not convey this message to Bujayr 

Woe be on another (Hadhrat Abu BakrlMfflOsi). To what has he led you? 

He has led you to a way on which you will not find your parents 

Neither will you find your brother 

Abu Bakrhas made you drink from a terrible cup 

That slave has made you drink from it time and time again " 

When Rasulullaah ®i? heard about these couplets, he permitted Ka'b's 

execution when he said, "Whoever finds Ka'b should kill him!" Bujayr wrote to 

Ka'b informing him that Rasulullaah &$$- had ordered his execution. He also 

wrote, "Save yourself! However, I do not think that you will be able to escape." 

Bujayr later wrote back to Ka'b saying, "Rasulullaah 0SH> accepts the word of 

anyone who comes to him to testify that there is none worthy of worship but 

Allaah and that Muhammad W$£ is Allaah's Rasul. You should therefore accept 

Islaam and come here as soon as this letter reaches you." Ka'b accepted Islaam 

and recited a poem in praise of Rasulullaah 0§S§. He then came (to Madinah) and 

sat his mount down at the door of the Masjid. He then entered the Masjid where 

he found Rasulullaah 01331 sitting in the middle of the Sahabah W$$$&£> just as a 

tablecloth is placed at the center with people sitting around it. The Sahabah 

&$&» thronged around Rasulullaah OJSSf forming several rings. At times, he 

turned towards a group while addressing them and at other times he turned 

towards another group. 

Hadhrat Ka'b W$M& himself says, "I sat my mount down at the door of the. 

Masjid and recognised Rasulullaah OISI? by his features. I took a few steps 

forward and sat by him where it declared that I had accepted islaam when I said, 



(1) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (vol.,5 Pg.83). Baghawi and Ibn Asaakir have also 
reported the narration at length and verified its authenticity as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal 
(Vol.7 Pg.37). Ahmad has also reported it as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.557) as did Tabraani. 
Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.204) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&$&& (Vol-1) 227 

'I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that you are Allaah's 

Rasul. I seek amnesty, O Rasulullaah l &^\" Rasulullaah W$* asked, "Who are 

you?" "I am Ka'b bin Zuhayr." Rasulullaah &0- said, "Was it you who said..." He 

then turned to Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5a)12i®g and asked, "What was it that he said, O 

Abu Bakr?" Hadhrat Abu Bakr S$&!8> recited the couplet which meant, "Abu Bakr 

has made you drink from a terrible cup. That slave has made you drink from it 

time and time again. " 

Ka'b W&&& interjected by saying, "I did not say it like this, O Rasulullaah ^J8i»." 

"Then how did you say it?" asked Rasulullaah S^SI. Ka'b said, "I said (he then 

altered a few words to compose a couplet which meant) Abu Bakr has made you 

drink from a quenching cup. That trustworthy man has made you drink from it 

time and time again. '" Rasulullaah {i§S§ then said, "By Allaah! He certainly is a 

trustworthy man." Ka'b 5S8Ss@se) then recited the entire poem he had composed, 

which will be quoted shortly. '*' 

Hadhrat Moosa bin Aqba says that Hadhrat Ka'b bin Zuhayr *£S3<@2 recited his 

poem "Baanat Su'aad" to Rasulullaah (S$i? in his Masjid in Madinah until he 

reached the couplets which meant: 

"Without doubt, Rasulullaah $@Mis a sword from which light is derived 

And a drawn rapier from amongst the swords of Allaah. 

He was with some youths of the Quraysh who had accepted Islaam 

When one of them said (to the Kuffaar), 'Move out of the way!" 

Rasulullaah ®i? then signalled to the Sahabah |@.12s<SS> with his sleeve for them 

to listen attentively. 

The narrator says that Hadhrat Bujayr Wi%&6 had written to his brother Ka'b to 

warn him and to invite him to accept islaam. He also wrote a few couplets in the 

letter which meant: 

"Who will convey the message to Ka'b? is he inclined towards that 

which he wrongly criticised whereas it is most resolute 

Come to the One Allaah and not towards Uzza nor Laat 

Then you will attain salvation if you do this and will remain safe 

You will then attain salvation on the day when none shall escape 

from the Fire except the pure-hearted Muslim 

The religion of (our father) Zuhayr is nothing but falsehood 

And the religion of (our grandfather) Abu Sulma is forbidden to me" (2) 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed *&&$& Writes to the 

People of Persia 

Hadhrat Abu Waa'il S^iSSeS narrates' 3 ' that Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W&H&6 
wrote the following letter to the Persian people, inviting them to Islaam. 

(1) Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.579). 

(2) Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.582). Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.583) and Haythami (Vol. 9 Pg.394) have commented on 
the chain of narrators. Others have also narrated the Hadith as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.395) 
and AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.382). 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.5 Pg.310) has commented on the chain of narrators. Haakim has also 
reported a similar narration in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.299). 



228 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &$&$$& (Vol-1) 

in the name of Allaah The Most Kind The Most Merciful 

From Khaalid bin Waleed- 

To Rustam, Mahraan and the Persian leadership 

Peace be on those who follow the guidance. / 

We invite you to accept Islaam. Should you refuse, you may pay the 

Jizya by hand as subjects. If you refuse even this, then I have people 

with me who love to be killed while fighting in the path of Allaah more 

than you Persians love wine. 

Peace be on those who follow the guidance. 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed W&@% Writes to the 
People of Madaa'in 

Hadhrat Sha'bi 2H3iM«£g narrates that Banu Buqayla read to him the letter that 
Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed S!3i®e> wrote to the people of Madaa'in. It read: 

From Khaalid bin Waleed 

To the Persian leadership 

Peace be on those who follow the guidance. 

All praises belong to Allaah Who has fragmented your unity, taken away 

your kingdom and weakened your plans. Take note that whoever 

performs our salaah, faces our Qibla and eats what we slaughter, he is 

a Muslim who shall enjoy the privileges we have and also bear the 

responsibilities we bear. 

After this I wish to add that when this letter reaches you, you should 

send securities to me (to ratify our peace agreement) and you may rest 

assured that I shall give you your protection. Otherwise, I swear by the 

Being besides Whom there is no other deity that I shall dispatch against 

you people who love death as you love life. 

When the Persians in the Madaa'in district read this letter, they were taken aback. 
This occurred in the year 12 A.H. W 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed *gJl£@e5 Writes to Hurmuz 

Imaam Sha'bi SJGSc&lcSS says (2) that Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SP®e> wrote a 
letter to Hurmuz before he left with Uzaadhiba the father of Ziyaadhiba, who was 
from Yamaamah. In those days, Hurmuz was in charge of defending the Persian 
borders. The letter read: 

Accept Islaam and you will remain safe. Otherwise you may subject yourself 
and your people to our protection and accept to pay the Jizya. If not, you have 
none but yourself to blame for I shall march with people who love death as 

(1) Ibnjareer (Vol.2 Pg.553). 

(2) Ibn Jareer in his Taareekh (Vol.2 Pg.554). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (Offgjgjlg) (Vol-1) 229 

much as you people love life. 

Another narration (1) states thatwhen Hadhrat Khaalid bin waleed SSsSsUgi conquered 
one of the two regions of Iraq's fertile plains, he summoned a person from the 
people of Heera. With this person he sent a letter to the Persians who were 
scattered in different groups in Madaa'in and taking support from each other 
after the death of (their leader) Ardsher. However, they had appointed Bahman 
Jaadhway as their leader stationed in a place called Buharseer where he 
commanded the army's frontline. With Bahman Jaadhway was Uzaadhiba and 
several other generals. 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 5§3.l*®eS summoned another person from Salooba 
and sent two letters with the two envoys. One letter was addressed to the senior 
leadership while the other was addressed to the regular commanders. The one 
envoy was therefore from Heera while the other was a Nabti (from the non-Arab 
settlers of Iraq). When Hadhrat Khaalid W&&£ asked the envoy from Heera w"hat 
his name was, the man said that it was Murra (meaning 'bitter'). Hadhrat Khaalid 
3£»5S@8S said to him, "Take this letter to the Persians. Perhaps Allaah shall make 
their lives bitter or they shall accept Islaam and turn in repentance (to Allaah)." 
Hadhrat Khaalid WSffiga then asked the Nabti envoy what his name was. When 
the man said that it was Hizqeel (derived from a word similar to one that means 
'to destroy'), Hadhrat Khaalid S!*®e» told him to deliver the letter and then 
prayed, "O Allaah! Destroy them." Ibn Jareer says that the two letters contained 
the following; 

In the name of Allaah The Most Kind The Most Merciful 
From Khaalid bin Waleed 
To the Persian royal family 

All praises belong to Allaah Who has thrown your establishment in 
mayhem, Who has weakened your plans and fragmented your unity. It 
would have been worse for you if He had not done this. Enter our Deen 
and we shall leave you and your land and pass by you to proceed to 
other people. Otherwise (if you do not willingly enter the Deen) you will 
still be subject to our authority and forced to suffer defeat at the hands 
of people who love death like you love life. 

In the name of Allaah The Most Kind The Most Merciful 

From Khaalid bin Waleed 

To the Persian leaders 

Accept Islaam and you may live in peace. If not, you may submit to my 

protection and pay the Jizya. Otherwise I shall march to you with 

people who love death more than you people love to drink wine." 



(1) Ibn Jareer (Vol.2 Pg.571) 



230 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WH%$&2 (Vol-D 

The Sahabah m&»J Give Dawah in the 
Battlefield During the Time of Rasulullaah S38SS 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim 
Tameemi M Gave 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim Tameemi S3®@s> narrates that Rasulullaah Wife once 
sent them on a military expedition. When they reached the place they intended to 
attack, he spurred his horse and soared ahead of the others. However, the people 
of the town were weeping as they met them. Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim JsSJSs®© 
said to them, "Say 'Laa Ilaaha Illallaah' and you will be saved." The people then 
said what they were told. When the other Sahabah $§83®!$ arrived there, they 
rebuked Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim H®$&&$ and said, "You have deprived us of 
the booty after it already become cold in our hands." 

When they returned to Madinah and mentioned the incident to Rasulullaah Wife, 
he called Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim 3U!«@© and congratulated him for what he 
had done. Rasulullaah @§§ also told him that Allaah had granted him 
tremendous rewards for every one of the people of the town. One of the narrators 
by the name of Abdur Rahmaan says that it was he who forgot the specific 
rewards that Rasulullaah Wfe mentioned. Rasulullaah 8S§§ then said to him, "I 
shall write a bequest in your favour to all the Muslim leaders who come after 
me." Rasulullaah Wife did so, sealed the letter and handed it over to him. 
Thereafter, Rasulullaah &$° said to him, "When you have performed your Fajr 
salaah, recite seven times: 

"O Allaah! Save me from the Fire" jLJI ^ ^J^l >*^JJI 

If you die during that day, Allaah shall record your safety from the Fire. Then 
when you have performed your Maghrib salaah, again recite seven times: 

"O Allaah! Save me from the Fire" jLJI ^ jtpS j^\ 

If you die during that night, Allaah shall record your safety from the Fire." 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim 5SB2@« says, "When Allaah took Rasulullaah Wtife 

away, I went t6 Hadhrat Abu Bakr JS3!®@«9 who opened the seal, read the letter 

and gave me some wealth (as Rasulullaah Wife instructed). Thereafter, he sealed 

the letter. Afterwards (after the death of Hadhrat Abu Bakr JgJlSSfe') I went to 

Hadhrat Umar Wi®8&z>, who did the same. Thereafter, I went to Hadhrat Uthmaan 

3£R3®« (when he was the Khalifah) and he did exactly the same." 

Muslim bin Haarith says, "(My father) Hadhrat Haarith bin Muslim JS8s@»ei passed 

away during the Khilaafah of Hadhrat Uthmaan W8&&9 and the letter stayed with 

us until Hadhrat Umar bin Abdul Aziz SSdibliJSsS became the Khalifah. He wrote a 

letter to the governor of the region where we stayed instructing him to send 

Muslim the son of Haarith bin Muslim SilJ^iaS© to him with the letter that 

Rasulullaah Wife had written for his father. When I was sent to him, he read the 

letter, ordered that I be given some wealth and then sealed it." (1) 

(1) Hasan bin Sufyaan and Abu Nu'aym as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg.28) and Muntakhab 
(Vol.5 Pg. 162). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&X%$0 (Vol-1) 231 

The Da'wah that Hadhrat Ka'b bin Umayr Ghifaari 

m&m> Gave 

Hadhrat Zuhri 3t2uu)li^3 narrates that Rasulullaah (J^i sent Hadhrat Ka'b bin 
Umayr Ghifaari ©S@!S5 with a group of fifteen men. They rode to a place in 
Shaam called Dhaat Itlaa where they encountered a very large concentration of 
•people. When they invited these people to Islaam, they refused to accept and 
started firing arrows at them. Seeing this, the Sahabah (@l*®s> started fighting 
them most fiercely but all of them were martyred except one man who was left 
wounded amongst the dead. When night arrived, he somehow managed to get 
himself to Rasulullaah $$$$•. Rasulullaah ®i? was on the verge of sending a 
battalion after them when the news reached him that the people had moved on 
to another place. ^ 

Ibn Abil Awjaa ©)3@^ Gives Da'wah 

Imaam Zuhri StGSSul^ narrates that it was in Dhul Hijjah 7 A.H. that 
Rasulullaah WtMs returned from performing the Umrah he had missed. He then 
sent Hadhrat Ibn Abil Awjaa Sulami SB2@gi on a military expedition with fifty 
horsemen. However, an enemy spy forewarned his people and informed them 
(about the Sahabah %&&$$&). The people therefore prepared a very large army. 
When Hadhrat Ibn Abil Awjaa }g3!2@s> arrived, they were already prepared (for 
battle). When he saw them all there, he invited them to accept Islaam but they 
started firing arrows at him without even listening. They said, "We have no need 
for what you are calling us towards." They continued firing arrows for a long time 
and reinforcements started pouring in until the Sahabah (5J3)£®s> were 
surrounded on all sides. The Sahabah (@J£@ss> fought very fiercely until eventually 
most of them were martyred. Hadhrat Ibn Abil Awjaa S£2!3@*?S was seriously 
wounded but managed to carry himself back to Madinah along with the other 
survivors. They returned on the first of Safar 8 A.H. < 2 ' 

The Sahabah $&&&& Give Da'wah in the 

Battlefield During the Time of Hadhrat 

Abu Bakr ©£$&!£> who Advised his 

Commanders to do so 

.„ Hadhrat Abu Bakr W8&S® Instructs his 
Commanders to give Da'wah When he Dispatched 

Armies to Shaam 

Hadhrat Sa'eed bin Musayyab 3&fflc£t> narrates that when Hadhrat Abu Bakr 

(1) Waaqidi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.241). ibn Sa'd has also reported the 
narration in his Tabaqaat (Vol.2 Pg.127). Many others have also reported it as mentioned in isaaba 
(Vol.3 Pg.301). These narrations mention that Hadhrat Ka'b bin Umayr 'sSS^SH was also martyred 
on that day and that the incident occurred in Rabee'ul Awwal 8 A.H. 

(2) Bayhaqi as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.235). Ibn Sa'd has also narrated it in his 
Tabaqaat (Vol.2 Pg.123). 



232 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jsSfl%i@fg> (Vol-D 

&&$$% sent armies to Shaam, he appointed Hadhrat Yazeed bin Abi Sufyaan 
W%&$, Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas *&&&?> and Hadhrat Shurahbeel bin Hasana 
JSUSiSBs as commanders. When they were- mounted, Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&&?> 
walked with them up to Thaniyyatul Wadaa to see them off. The commanders 
said, "O Khalifah of Rasulullaah %j$jg\ You are talking while we ride?" Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr 5s3!3®!Si said, '1 am taking these steps with the intention of being 
rewarded for taking them in the path of Allaah." 

He then advised them saying, "I advise you to be ever-conscious of Allaah. Wage 
war in the path of Allaah and fight all those who reject Allaah. Indeed, Allaah 
shall assist His Deen. Do not steal from the booty, do not deceive, do not be 
cowardly, do not spread corruption on earth and do not go against your orders. 
If Allaah decrees that you meet the enemy who are Mushrikeen, invite them to 
accept one of three options. Should they accept any of the option, acknowledge it 
and refrain from harming them. (Firstly) Invite them to accept Islaam. If they 
accept, acknowledge it and refrain from harming them. Thereafter (if they accept 
Islaam) invite them to move from their homes to the home of the Muhaajireen. If 
they are prepared to do this, inform them that they shall enjoy the privileges that 
the Muhaajireen enjoy and shall have to bear the same responsibilities that the 
Muhaajireen bear. If after accepting Islaam they prefer their own homes to that of 
the Muhaajireen, inform them that they will assume the status of the Muslims in 
the outlying areas. The injunctions that Allaah has enjoined for all Muslims shall 
still apply to them but they shall receive no share of Fay^ or booty unless they 
participate in the battle." 

"However, if they refuse to enter the fold of Islaam then invite them to (the 
second option which is to) pay the Jizya. If they accept, acknowledge it and 
refrain from harming them. If they refuse this, then (the third course of action is 
that you) entreat Allaah for help and fight them if this is what Allaah decrees. 
(When you are fighting) You should never chop down or burn any date palms nor 
destroy any animals or any fruit-bearing trees. Do not destroy any places of 
worship or kill any children, elderly people or women. You will also find people 
who have secluded themselves in monasteries. Leave them to that which they 
have secluded themselves. You will also find people who have made nests for 
Shaytaan on their heads (2) . When Allaah decrees that you find these people, 
cut off their heads. (3) 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr *!20®je>'s Instructions to Hadhrat 

Khaalid bin Waleed W^&6 when he Sent him to 

Fight the Murtaddeen 

Hadhrat Urwa S3tSs@?g narrates that when Hadhrat Abu Bakr &$%&$ sent Hadhrat 

(1) The booty received from conquered lands when the enemy surrenders without a fight. 

(2) They always entertain the whispers of Shaytaan and do as he commands. It may also refer to 
people who have shaved off the top part of their hair in the shape of a nest as a form of 
recognition. 

(3) Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.85) and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.295). Many others 
have also narrated it as mention in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.295,296). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $BX%®&§> (Vol-1) 233 

Khaalid bin Waleed JsSSffiSs to fight those Arabs who had forsaken Islaam (the 
Murtaddeen), he instructed him to invite them back to islaam and to explain to 
them their privileges and responsibilities. Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&&& eagerly 
desired that they receive guidance and also instructed Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed 3S83ffi58 that he should acknowledge their acceptance whether they are 
white or black. He said that this was because the only people to be fought were 
those who chose to disbelieve in Allaah rather than believe in Him. Once a 
person accepted Islaam and displays sincere Imaan, there was no way to harm 
him because Allaah shall judge him. Only those Murtaddeen were to be fought 
who do not accept the Islaam they are invited towards. '^ 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed &$&& Gives Da'wah 
to the people of Heera 

Hadhrat Saalih bin Kaysaan £)Sffifc»%) narrates that when Hadhrat Khaalid bin 
Waleed JsSSiSSsS arrived in Heera, the nobles of Heera accompanied by Qabeesa 
bin Ayaas bin Hayya Taa'ee left to meet him. Qabeesa had been appointed 
governor of Heera by the Kisra after Nu'maan bin Mundhir. Addressing Qabeesa 
and the others, Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 3£3!i$®g> said, "I invite you towards 
Allaah and towards Islaam. If you accept, you shall be part of the Muslim Ummah 
and shall enjoy the privileges that the Muslims enjoy and shall have to bear the 
same responsibilities that the Muslims bear. If you refuse, you will have to pay 
the Jizya. If you refuse even this, then bear in mind that I have come with people 
who are greedier for death than you are for life. We shall then fight you until 
Allaah decides the matter between us." 

Qabeesa said to him, "We have no need to fight you. We shall remain as 
adherents to our religion and pay you the Jizya." Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 
&$&?> then entered into an agreement.with them to pay seventy thousand 
Dirhams. * 2 * 

Another narration states that Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed &i%®2& said to them, "I 
invite you to Islaam and to testify that there is none worthy of worship but the 
One Allaah and that Muhammad (Jill is Allaah's servant and Rasul. I call you to 
establish salaah, to pay zakaah and to accept all the injunctions binding on the 
Muslims. In exchange you shall enjoy the privileges that the Muslims enjoy 
and shall have to bear the same responsibilities that the Muslims bear." Haani 
asked, "If I do not accept this, then what?" Hadhrat Khaalid *Mi%&£ replied, "If 
you do not accept this, you shall have to pay the Jizya by hand." "And if we refuse 
to do this?" was the next question. "Then," replied Hadhrat Khaalid S!3@>s>, "If 
you refuse even this, such people shall crush you underfoot to whom death is 
more beloved than life is to you." 

Haani requested, "Allow us the night to think the matter over." Hadhrat Khaalid 
5SRa@gi granted the request. The next morning, Haani came back to Hadhrat 
Khaalid &&&?> and said, "We 7 have decide d to pay the Jizya. Let us now enter into 

(1) Bayhaqi (Vol.8 Pg.201) as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.3 Pg.143). 

(2) Ibn Jareer Tabari (Vol.2 Pg.551) 



234 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH mwm> (Vol-1) 

an agreement." The narration continues. ^ 

Another narration adds that when the two armies faced each other before the 
Battle of Yarmook, Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Jarraah &$&» and Hadhrat Yazeed 
bin Abi Sufyaan S3.e@sj together with Hadhrat Diraar bin Azoor &&&?>, Hadhrat 
Haarith bin Hishaam W&8&?> and Hadhrat Abu Jaryial bin Suhayl i$3!«@& stepped 
forward and announced, "We want to meet your leader." When they were 
permitted to meet Tadhaaruk (the brother of Heraclius)! they found him sitting 
on a tent made of silk. The Sahabah $&$3&9 said, "It is not permissible for us to 
enter this." Tadhaaruk then had a silken rug spread out for them but they refused 
to sit on it. He then sat where they chose to sit. They agreed to enter into a treaty 
and the Sahabah $&&$&& returned after inviting him to accept Islaam. However, 
the treaty did not materialise (and the battle was fought). (2) 

Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed Wm& invited the 
Roman Commander Jarja to Islaam and he Accepts 

Waaqidi reports that during the Battle of Yarmook, one of the most senior 

Roman commanders by the name of Jarja stepped forward from the line of 

soldiers and asked to meet Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed SiMSS. Hadhrat Khaalid 

3S3!a@sS) went to meet him and drew so close that the necks of their horses met. 

The following conversation ensued: 

Jarja: O Khaalid! I want you to tell me something, but do speak the truth and do 

not lie because a free man never lies. Do not deceive me either because a 

respectable person never deceives someone who trusts him. Has Allaah given 

your Nabi a sword from the heavens which he has given to you by virtue of which 

you defeat anyone against whom you draw it? 

Hadhrat Khaalid JUS3®g>: No 

Jarja: Then why are you called the sword of Allaah ('Sayfullaah')? 

Hadhrat Khaalid S£5®s>: Allaah sent His Nabi amongst us who preached to us. 

However, we expressed resentment and kept our distance from him. Even I was 

amongst those who treated him like a liar and ostracised him. Thereafter, Allaah 

seized our hearts and forelocks and guided us through him. We then pledged 

allegiance to him. He once said to me, You are a sword from the swords of 

Allaah whom Allaah has drawn against the Mushrikeen. 1 He then prayed to 

Allaah to assist me. This is why I am called the sword of Allaah. I am therefore 

amongst the sternest of Muslims against the Mushrikeen. 

Jarja: O Khaalid! Towards what do you call? 

Hadhrat Khaalid W&®g>: We call people to testify that there is none worthy of 

worship but Allaah and that Muhammad 8§§i is Allaah's servant and Rasul. We 

also call them to accept everything that Rasulullaah &iHi has brought from 

Allaah. 

Jarja-. What about those who do not accept this? 

Hadhrat Khaalid JjDSffiSs: They will have t o pay the Jjzya and we will protect them. 

(l)Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.187). 

(2) AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.7 Pg.9). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jtgsKaffiffigi (Vol-D 235 

jarja: What if they do not pay it? 

Hadhrat Khaalid JEJJa®^): We then declare war against them and fight. 

jarja: What is the status of a person who accepts what you say and enters the fold 

of your religion? 

Hadhrat Khaalid *U!S@8>: We all share the same status with respect to the 

injunctions that Allaah has made binding on us regardless of whether we have a 

high social standing or not and regardless of whether we accepted Islaam earlier 

or later. 

jarja: Will a person entering Islaam today have the same reward as yourself? 

Hadhrat Khaalid S3!3®e>: Certainly! In fact, his rewards shall be greater. 

jarja: How can such a person be rated equal to you when you have accepted 

Islaam before him? 

Hadhrat Khaalid Js3SaS@»: We had no option but to accept Islaam because our 

allegiance was pledged while our Nabi was alive and in our midst. Revelation 

from the heavens would come to hirrt and he would recite the Qur'aan to us 

and show us miracles. For anyone who saw what we saw and who heard what 

we heard there was no option but to accept Islaam and to pledged allegiance 

to him. As for you people, you have not seen the miraculous events and signs 

(of his Nabuwaat) that we saw and heard. Therefore, whoever of you will enter 

this Deen with sincerity shall be better than us. 

Jarja: I swear by Allaah that you have been honest with me and did not deceive 

me either. 

Hadhrat Khaalid JI3|S$@s>: By Allaah! I have certainly spoken the truth and Allaah is 

Witness to the fact that I have responded to your questions to the best of my 

ability. 

Jarja then turned his shield around (an indication that he did not intend fighting) 

and turned to Hadhrat Khaalid 3p3@eS saying, "Teach me Islaam." Hadhrat 

Khaalid S3!2@9 took him to his tent, poured a waterbag of water over him (to 

assist him to bath) and then led him as he performed two Rakaahs salaah. 

Thinking that the Muslims were scheming something when Jarja left with 

Hadhrat Khaalid W$&&$, the' Romans launched an offensive that caught the 

Muslims completely by surprise. Every Muslim regiment was rooted from their 

position besides the Muhaamiya regiment led by Hadhrat Ikrama bin Abi Jahal 

J£3!3i®e) and Hadhrat Haarith bin Hishaam ©!2s©e>. The Romans were already in 

the midst of the Muslim camp when Hadhrat Khaalid S.©<@e> mounted his horse 

with Jarja following closely. The Muslims called to each other and managed to 

regain their foothold. The Romans were then forced to return to their base. 

Hadhrat Khaalid 5U)2i@je> then graduaHy advanced the Muslim army until they 

crossed swords with the enemy. Hadhrat Khaalid Js)®©?) and Jarja continuously 

fought the Romans from noon until the sun was about to set. (The fighting was 

so fierce that) The Muslims performed the Zuhr and Asr salaahs with indications. 

Jarja was mortally injured in the battle (and passed away the same day). The only 

salaah he therefore performed for Allaah were the two he performed with 



236 . THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&&& (Vol-D 

Hadhrat Khaalid W&&$. May Allaah shower His mercy on him. (1) 
Another narration states that Hadhrat Khaalid bin Waleed 3£3!3c@gS once delivered 
a lecture to the Muslims and encouraged them to go to the non-Arab countries 
and leave the Arabian lands. He also told them, "You have not seen the many 
types of foods that are there. By Allaah! Even if Jihaad in the path of Allaah and 
calling people towards Islaam were not obligatory for us and all we needed to do 
was earn a living, I would still propose that we fight for .these fertile lands to 
gain control over it. We would then hand over hunger and hard living to those 
who are weighed down (at home) and not fighting as you are." (2) 

The Sahabah t&ffl&& Give Da'wah in the 

Battlefield During the Time of Hadhrat 

Umar SHJ^S^J- who Advised his 

Commanders to do so 

Hadhrat Umar *sM& Writes to Hadhrat Sad 
3§3£fei to Invite People to Islaam for Three Days 

Hadhrat Yazeed bin Abi Habeeb narrates that Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab JU!3®gi 
wrote to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas W&&9 saying, "I have already written to 
you to tell you that you should invite people to Islaam for three days. Whoever 
accepts what you say before you start fighting shall be one of the Muslims. He 
shall enjpy the privileges of the Muslims and shall receive a share in the booty. 
However, whoever accepts Islaam after the battle or after being defeated, his 
wealth shall become part of the booty to be shared by the Muslims because they 
had already become its owners before he accepted Islaam. This is my instruction 
and the reason writing this letter." * 3 ' 

Hadhrat Salmaan Faarsi W&&$ Invites People to 
Islaam for Three Days at Qasrul Abyadh 

Hadhrat Abul Bakhtari narrates that when a Muslim army under the command of 
Hadhrat Salmaan Faarsi &%&$ laid siege to a Persian fortresses, the soldiers 
said to him, "O Abu Abdullaah! Shall we not attack them?" Hadhrat Salmaan 
5£!!3®g) said, "Let me first invite them to Islaam as I have heard Rasulullaah %$B 
do." Addressing the Persians, he then said, "I am a Persian like you and as you 
see, the Arabs obey me. If you accept Islaam, you shall enjoy the privileges that 
we enjoy and shall have to bear the same responsibilities that we bear. However, 
should you refuse to accept anything but your own faith, we shall not fight you 
but you will have to pay the Jizya by hand as subjects submitting to Muslim 
authority." Hadhrat Salmaan is®&@& exp lained to them in Persian that they will 

(1) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.7 Pg.12). Isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.260) contains some further commentary on 
the narration. 

(2) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.6 Pg.345). Ibn Jareer (Vol.2 Pg.559) has also reported the narration 
from a different source. 

(3) Abu Ubayd as quoted in Kanzul Vmmaa 1 (Vol. 2 Pg.297). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j^B^Sg (Vol-D 237 

then have no authority. 

Hadhrat Salmaan ©|2@seS then continued, "If you refuse even this, then we shall 
face you (on the battlefield) on equal terms." The Persians said, "We are not the 
type to accept Imaan nor the type that will pay Jizya. We shall rather fight you." 
When the Muslim soldiers again requested permission to attack, Hadhrat 
Salmaan W&&6 refused until he had presented the same invitation for three 
days. It was only after this that he commanded the Muslims to attack, which they 
obligingly did and conquered the fortress. '*' 

Another narration states that Hadhrat Salmaan Faarsi SsSSS&Sei was the 
commander of the Muslim army and had been appointed to invite the enemy to 
Islaam. Hadhrat Atiyya ®&Mig3 states that it was Hadhrat Salmaan *g!!3®s> who 
was also appointed to invite the people of Bahursher to Islaam and again given 
the task at Qasrul Abyadh. All of these people he invited to Islaam for three days. 
The Da'wah he presented is the same as mentioned in the Hadith above. * 2 ^ 

Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Muqarrin @0®g5 and his 

Companions give Da'wah to Rustam During the 

Battle of Qaadisiyyah 

Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas Ji3.l3®& sent a group of leading Sahabah *$3)£®g> to 
invite Rustam to Islaam. The group included Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Muqarrin, 
Hadhrat Furaat bin Hayyaan, Hadhrat Handhala bin Rabee Tameemi, Hadhrat 
Utaarid bin Haajib, Hadhrat Ash'ath bin Qais, Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba and 
Hadhrat Amr bin Ma'dikarib '?&&®&j. When Rustam asked them why they had 
come, they replied, "We have come because Allaah has promised us that we shall 
take over your lands, capture your women and children and take ownership of 
your wealth. We are convinced that this is going to happen." 
Rustam himself had seen in a dream that an angel descended from the heavens, 
placed a seal on the weapons of the Persians and then handed them over to 
Rasulullaah (ic$|. Rasulullaah V^HHt in turn handed them over to Hadhrat Umar 

Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba Wffli§& gives Da'wah 

to Rustam 

Hadhrat Sayf narrates from his teachers that when the two armies (Muslim and 
Persian) faced each other, Rustam sent a message to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi 
Waqqaas *83!2@e> requesting him to send someone intelligent with the knowledge 
to answer his questions. Hadhrat Sa'd *S!3@g) sent Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba 
SJ2@e>. when Hadhrat Mughiera SS2@!8> came to meet him, Rustam' said to him, 
"You are our neighbours. We have always been good to you and have never 
caused you any harm. Why do you rather not return to your land and we will not 

(1) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.189). Ahmad and Haakinvhave also narrated the Hadith as 
mentioned in NasburRa'ya (Vol.3 Pg.378) 

(2) ibn Jareer (Vol.4 Pg.173) and lbn Abi Shayba as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.298). 

(3) Ibn Katheer in his AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.? Pg.38). 



238 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$$& (Vol-D 

prevent you from trading with in our land." 

Hadhrat Mughiera SSS®§ said to him, "We have no desire for this world. Our 
concern and our sole objective is the Aakhirah. Allaah has sent a Nabi to us and 
said to him, 'I shall give this group (Sahabah %&8Sflj&) control over those who do 
not adopt My Deen. Thus shall I use them to exact Revenge from those who reject 
the Deen. I shall allow them to dominate as long as they adhere to the Deen. It is 
the true Deen and whoever turns away from it shall be disgraced. On the other 
hand, whoever holds fast to it shall have great honour.'" 

Rustam asked, "What is this Deen?" Hadhrat Mughiera *S3!3®»s> said, "Its pillars 
without which no part of it can be correct are testification that there is none 
worthy of worship but Allaah, that Muhammad && is Allaah's Rasul and 
accepting everything that Rasulullaah &£ has brought from Allaah." Rustam 
exclaimed, "How excellent! And what else?" Hadhrat Mughiera JgJSSi&SsS said, "To 
remove people from being slaves of people and to take them towards being 
the slaves of Allaah." Rustam remarked, "This is also excellent. What else?" 
Hadhrat Mughiera J§K3@e> added, "All of mankind are the children of Aadam $§&£ 
and have a single father and mother." 

Rustam said, "This is also excellent. Tell me. If we were to enter your religion, 
would you then leave our land?" "Certainly," replied Hadhrat Mughiera @!a@«, 
"By Allaah! In that case, we shall not draw close to your land except for trade or 
some other necessity." Rustam said, "This is also excellent." The narrators says, 
"When Hadhrat Mughiera JlJSSi&Ss left Rustam, he spoke to his commanders about 
Islaam but they were unhappy and refused to accept Islaam. May Allaah destroy 
and disgrace them! In fact, Allaah did just that." 

Hadhrat Rib'ee bin Aamir Wffi£& Invites Rustam to 

Islaam 

The narrators state further that at the request of Rustam, Hadhrat Sa'd &H&8&9 
sent another envoy who happened to be Hadhrat Rib'ee bin Aamir JSBa®®. When 
Hadhrat Rib'ee ii3!«@»e> arrived, the court of Rustam had been decorated. There 
were cushions decorated with gold, rugs of silk, gleaming emeralds, priceless 
pearls and other elaborate decorations. Rustam wore his crown and other 
expensive garments and accessories as he sat on a throne of gold. Wearing old 
clothing, Hadhrat Rib'ee SJlwsSSseS entered with his sword, his shield and 
undersized horse. He continued riding the horse, even trampling on the edges of 
the rugs. He then dismounted and tied his horse on one of the couches. He then 
walked along with his weapons and armour still wearing his helmet. 
When the courtiers asked him to remove his weapons, he said, "I have not come 
of my own accord but have come on your request. Either leave me as I am or 
grant me leave." Rustam instructed them togrant him entry and he came with 
his spear, which tore most of the rug as he walked while leaning on it. The 
courtiers asked, "What brings you here?" Hadhrat Rib'ee JSflSSaSsi replied, "(We 
have not come on our own accord but) Allaah has sent us to remove those 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol-D 239 

whom He wills from the slavery of man to take them to the slavery of Allaah, 
to remove them from the narrowness of this world towards its vastness and from 
the oppression of other religions towards the justice of islaam. Giving us His 
Deen, Allaah has sent us to call His creation towards it. Whoever accepts it, we 
shall acknowledge it and leave him alone. As for those who refuse, we shall fight 
them forever until we reach Allaah's promised place." 

They asked, "What is Allaah's promised place?" He replied, "It is Jannah, which 
shall be the lot of people who die fighting those who reject (Islaam). Victory shall 
be the lot of those who survive." Rustam asked, "I have heard what you have to 
say. Will you allow us grace so that you and us may look into the matter?" 
"Certainly," Hadhrat Rib'ee SP®e> responded, "How much time do you require? 
One day? Two days?" "No," said Rustam, "We need time to write to our 
consultative assembly and our leaders." Hadhrat Rib'ee 3StJa®gi said, "Rasulullaah 
W$%! has not set such a precedent that allows enemies more than three days 
respite at the time of battle. Look into the matter for your benefit and for the 
benefit of your people and then choose one of the three options before the expiry 
of the (three day) term." Rustam asked, "Are you the leader of your people?" "No," 
replied Hadhrat Rib'ee agXZg&?> l "but all Muslims are like a single body. The lowest 
of them may grant amnesty (to an enemy) which is binding on the highest of 
them." 

Rustam gathered the leaders of his people and asked, "Have you ever heard 
words more powerful yet as gentle as those of that man?" They said, "Allaah 
forbid that you should have taken a liking to anything that he said and forsake 
your religion for that dog! Did you not see his clothing?" Rustam said to them, 
"Shame on you! Do not look at clothing but rather look at the prudence, the 
speech and the personality. The Arabs care little for clothing and food but are 
covetous about their lineage." 

Hadhrat Hudhayfa bin Mihsin W$M& and Hadhrat 

Mughiera bin Shu'ba W^&9 present the Da'wah to 

Rustam on the Second and Third Days 

The next day, the Persians asked for another person and Hadhrat Sa'd ©la®@ 
sent Hadhrat Hudhayfa bin Mihsin HSH%!&9 who addressed them in the manner 
that Hadhrat Rib'ee S312®© did. On the third day, Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba 
W$®»*) was sent and he spoke to them in a very pleasant manner and in great 
detail. In their discussion, Rustam said to Hadhrat Mughiera &&$*%, "Your 
coming to our land is like a fly that saw some honey and announced, 'Whoever 
takes me to the honey shall receive two Dirhams.' However, when the fly fell into 
the honey, it started drowning and could find no escape despite all its efforts. It 
then announced, 'Whoever removes me from the honey shall receive four 
Dirhams.' Your example is also like a weak fox that entered a vineyard through a 
•hole in the wall. Seeing that it was so weak and frail, the owner of the vineyard 
took pity on it and left it alone. However, when the fox became fat, it started 



240 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ^Sm&» (Vol 1) 

causing great damage to the vineyard so that owner came with a stick and 
sought help from two of his slaves. When the fox tried to escape through the 
hole, it was unable to do so because it had grown so fat and the owner of the 
vineyard hit it until it died. This is how you people will leave our land." Rustam 
then filled with rage and took an oath by the jsun saying, "I shall kill you all 
tomorrow!" 

Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba SDSSS© calmly said, "You will soon find out." 
Rustam then said to Hadhrat Mughiera JSUSa®?), "I have issued the command that 
each of you should receive a set of clothing and that your commander should 
receive a thousand Dinaars together with a set of clothing and a conveyance. You 
should then leave us." Hadhrat Mughiera W&®&j said, "You wish to do this after 
we have weakened your kingdom and diminished your respect? We have been a 
while in your kingdom and shall take the Jizya from you, which you shall pay by 
hand as subjects submitting to our authority. Regardless of what you think, you 
will soon become our slaves." When Hadhrat Mughiera Wffli&& said this, 
Rustam flew into a towering rage. (1) 

Hadhrat Sa'd W&fl&j Sends a group of Sahabah 
8SB2B§£gi to give Da'wah to the Persian Leader Before 

Engaging in Battle 

Hadhrat Abu Waa'il *s3!3®e) narrates, "Hadhrat Sa'd W&®& marched with the 
Muslim army until they set up camp at a place called Qaadisiyya. I cannot tell, 
precisely but we numbered no more than seven or eight thousand while the 
Mushrikeen numbered thirty thousand." This is the figure according to this 
narration. However, according to a narration of Hadhrat Sayf* 2 *, the Kuffaar army 
numbered eighty thousand. Another narration places the figure of Rustam's 
army at a hundred and twenty thousand with another eighty thousand 
reinforcements. In addition to this, Rustam had thirty three elephants, led by the 
largest which was a white elephant belonging to Saaboor. All the other elephants 
obeyed this elephant. Like this narration, there are others citing various figures. 
(Because of their might) The Persians told the Sahabah $&&$&>, "You have no 
strength, no power and no weapons to resist us, You should rather go back 
home." 

Undeterred, the Sahabah $*9S«*@& reiterated that they were not going back. The 
Persians also laughed at the arrows of the Sahabah i@!3i@9 and would say, 
"Dook! Dook!" By this they compared the arrows to spindles (because "dook" is a 
Persian word referring to knitting needles). However, when the Sahabah $&&$*}& 
refused to return, the Persians said, "Send to us one of your intellectuals to 
explain to uswhatbringsyouhere." Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba 5a3!3®se> volunteered for 
the task. When he went, he sat on Ru stam's throne, causing the courtiers to 

(1) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.7 Pg.38). Tabari (Vol.4 Pg.105) has also narrated it and mentioned the 
detailed Da'wah that Hadhrat Zuhra, Hadhrat Mughiera, Hadhrat Rib'ee and Hadhrat Hudhayfa 
'4&SQ&& gave. 

(2) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.7 Pg.38). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $BlS(@?g> (Vol-1) . 241 

snort and shout. Hadhrat Mughiera SSasSSsi said to them, "This neither elevates 
my status nor reduces that of your leader." "True," said Rustam, "Now tell me why 
you have come?" 

(To agitate Rustam,) Hadhrat Mughiera 5£)!tf@»e> said, "We were a nation that were 
involved in evil and deviant acts. Allaah then sent a Nabi to us by means of which 
Allaah guided us and provided sustenance for us. Amongst the foods Allaah 
granted us were grains which grow in these parts. When we ate this and fed it to 
our families, they said, 'This is not sufficient. Take us to that land so that we may 
eat those grains.'" Rustam exclaimed, "We shall then kill you all!" Hadhrat 
Mughiera &&&$?> said, "if you kill us, we shall enter Jannah but if we kill 
(defeat) you, (those of) you (who die) will enter Jahannam and (those who 
survive will have to) pay the Jizya." 

When Hadhrat Mughiera W&S&j spoke about paying the Jizya, the courtiers 
snorted and shouted, "There can be no agreement between you and us!" Hadhrat 
Mughiera 5S3^@gi then asked, "Should we cross the river to come to you or will 
you be crossing the river to come to us?" Rustam said, "We shall be crossing 
over." The Muslim army then withdrew a short distance for the Persians to cross 
the river and then attacked them and defeated them. ^ 

Hadhrat Mu'aawiya bin Qurra JSJlSsSSe) narrates that when the Battle of Qaadisiyya 
took place, Hadhrat Mughiera WS&8$& was sent to meet the Persian leader. 
Hadhrat Mughiera W&!@f?> asked for ten men who were then sent with him. He 
straightened his clothes, took his shield and then left. When they reached, 
Hadhrat Mughiera J&BiSSSs told his companions to put down a shield, which he 
sat on. The large Persian commander said, "O Arabs! I know well what has 
brought you here. You people do not have sufficient food in your country to fill 
your bellies. We shall give all the food you need for we are fire-worshippers and 
do not like fighting you. You will only make our land impure." 
Hadhrat Mughiera Wffi&z said to him, "By Allaah! This is certainly not the reason 
that brought us. We were a nation that used to worship stones and idols. 
Whenever we found a stone that looked better than another, we discarded the 
first one and adopted the next. We knew no deity until Allaah sent to us a Rasul 
from amongst our own people. He called us to Islaam and we followed him. We 
have not come for food but we have been commanded to fight those enemies 
of ours who reject Islaam. We have not come for food but have come to kill your 
soldiers and capture your families. As for what you have mentioned about the 
scarcity of food in our land, I swear by my life that we certainly do not have 
enough to fill our bellies and sometimes we do not even find anything to drink 
for a long while. However, after coming to your lands, we have found an 
abundance of food and water. By Allaah! We shall now not leave here until this 
land belongs either to you or us." The large Persian said in his language, "He has 
spoken the truth." He then said, 'Your eye shall lose an eye tomorrow." (As Allaah 
decreed) Hadhrat Mughiera *&&&& did lose an eye the following day when a 

(1) Ibn Jareer as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 7 Pg.40). Haakim (Vol. 3 Pg.451). 



242 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&£ (Vol-1) 

stray arrow struck him. ^ 

Hadhrat Sayf narrates that Hadhrat Sa'd 3SDj5@© sent a group of Sahabah $3!£®g> 
to the Persian leader to invite him to Islaam before the battle. When they 
requested permission to see "him, permission was granted and the people of the 
city came to have a look at their appearance. The/Sahabah isSt!2@g> were wearing 
their shawls over their shoulders, carried their whips in their hands, were 
wearing sandals and their horses were extremely weak because of which they 
tread heavily on the ground. The people were struck with inexplicable 
astonishment when they saw them. They wondered how people like these could 
defeat their larger and well-equipped armies. 

When the Sahabah $&%!&$ were allowed to meet the Persian king Yazdajird, he 
made them sit in front of him. He was a haughty man who had little respect for 
others. He questioned them about the names of their garments, their shawls, 
their shoes and their whips. Each time they told him the name, he took an omen 
from them in his favour. However, Allaah ensured that each omen backfired 
against him. He then asked them, "What has brought you to our lands? Have you 
become bold because our civil war has started?" 

Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Muqarrin i!3!*®gi said, "Allaah has showered his mercy on 
us when He sent a Rasul to us who guided us towards good and commanded us 
with virtue. He defined evil for us and forbade us from it. He promised us the 
good of this world as well as the Aakhirah if we accepted his call to good. 
Whenever he invited a tribe towards this, they divided into two groups, one that 
drew close to him and the other that distanced itself from him. It was only the 
few selected ones who drew close to him. He continued his preaching in this 
manner for as long as Allaah wanted him to. Thereafter, Allaah commanded him 
to tackle those Arabs who opposed him and he started with them (before 
proceeding to the non-Arabs). When he did this, they all joined him as two 
groups; those who were forced to join but were then happy that they had done so 
and those who did so happily and whose happiness then increased. We all 
realised that the Deen he called us towards was far superior to the hostility and 
the narrow lives we had been leading. He then instructed us to start tackling 
the nations around us and to invite them towards justice. We are therefore 
inviting you towards our Deen the Deen of Islaam which regards all good as 
good and all evil as evil. However, if you refuse (to accept Islaam), the options 
are two unpleasantries, the one being more demeaning than the other. The one 
option is to pay the Jizya and if you refuse, then the other is war. On the other 
hand, if you accept our Deen, we shall leave the Book of Allaah behind with you. 
We shall give you a grounding in it so that you may rule by its laws and we shall 
leave you to your affairs and your territories. If you wish to pay the Jizya, we 
shall accept it from you and give you protection. Otherwise (if you refuse 
Islaam and Jizya), we shall fight you." 

Yazdajird said, "I do not know of any nat ion on earth that is more wretched then 
(1) Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.451). Haakim and Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.215) have both commented on the chain of 



narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jtgt.&@?g> (Vol-1) 243 

you people, fewer in number than you and experiencing as much internal strife 
as you people. We have already handed over to you the regions around you so 
that it may suffice for you from our side (so that you may be content with it and 
not need to come to our principle lands). The Persians have never fought you so 
do not think that you can stand in their way. If your numbers have increased, let 
this never fool you about (thinking that you can overpower) us. If it is poverty 
that has called you here, we shall provide relief for you until you become 
prosperous. We shall also honour your leaders, provide clothing for you and 
appoint for you a king who will be kind towards you." 

The Sahabah $&&$&?> remained silent until Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba JsilasSSsi 
stood and said, "O King! These are all leaders of the Arabs and their aristocrats'. 
They are all respectable people and it is only respectable people who show 
consideration for respectable people and who honour respectable people. Only 
they give importance to the rights of respectable people. They have not yet told 
you everything they were sent to tell you and have not replied to all of your 
questions. They have done well to do this and it is only people like them who can 
act this respectfully. You should rather be conversing with someone like me. I 
shall convey the message to you and they will testify to what I say." 
Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba %ffi3g&$ continued, "By the way in which you have 
described us, it appears that you are unaware of our situation, concerning the 
statement you made about our poor condition, (it is true because) there was 
none in a poorer condition than we had been. With regard to hunger, none 
suffered the hunger we suffered. Regarding them to be food, we used to even eat 
dung beetles, other insects, scorpions and snakes. As for our homes, it used to be 
the bare earth and our clothing consisted of only what we wove from the skins of 
camels and hairs of goats. Killing and oppressing each other was our way of life 
and there were even those amongst us who would bury his infant daughter alive 
because he disliked that she should share his food. Our condition in the past was 
exactly as I have described." 

"Allaah then sent to us a man whom we knew and whose lineage we were well 
aware of. We were well acquainted with his personality and his place of birth. His 
land was the best of our lands, his lineage the best of our lineages, his family the 
best of our families and his tribe the best of our tribes. Despite the terrible 
conditions prevailing then, he was also the best person amongst us, the most 
truthful and most forbearing. When he called us towards Islaam, none of us 
accepted besides his childhood friend who became the Khalifah after him. 
When he spoke, we said something else and when he told us the truth, we 
regarded them as lies. However, his followers increased while ours decreased. 
Whatever he said became reality and Allaah eventually inspired us to believe in 
him and to follow him. He then became our link with Allaah. Whatever he told us 
was actually from Allaah and whatever he commanded was actually Allaah's 
commands." 
"He told us, Your Rabb says, 'I am the One Allaah Who h-as no partner. I have 



244 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ($gp@?g> (Vol-1) 

been existing when nothing else existed and everything besides My countenance 
shall eventually perish. I have created everything and everything shall return to 
me. My mercy has reached you and I have sent to you this man to guide you 
towards the path by which I shall save you from My punishment after you die and 
lead you to the home I have created, which is tl>e Home of Peace (Jannah)." We 
testify that Rasulullaah i!2$| certainly brought the truth from the True Allaah. 
Allaah also said, 'Whoever follows you in this Deen shall enjoy the privileges you 
enjoy and shall bear the responsibilities you bear. As for those who refuse to 
accept, propose the option of Jizya to him and then protect him as you would 
protect your own lives. You should then fight those who refuse even this. I shall 
be the Judge between you. I shall enter into My Jannah those of you who are 
martyred and those of you who survive shall have My assistance with them 
against those who oppose you."' 

Hadhrat Mughiera 413!*®£ then issued the ultimatum to Yazdajird when he said, 
"You may choose to pay the Jizya if you wish, in which case you will live as 
subjects. You may also choose the sword if you wish. Otherwise, you are at 
liberty to save yourselves by accepting islaam." Yazdajird retorted by saying, 'You 
dare face me with these proposals!" Hadhrat Mughiera JsSSSaSs said, "I address 
whoever is speaking to me. Had another person been speaking to me, I would 
have presented them to him." Yazdajird burst out saying, "Had it not been for the 
principle that envoys cannot be killed, I would have surely killed you for you have 
no status in my estimation." Yazdajird then said (to his courtiers), "Bring me a 
basket of sand and place it on the head of the person of the highest birth 
amongst them. Then lead him to the outskirts of Madaa'in." 
(Addressing the Sahabah &%&&, Yazdajird said,) "Go back to your leader and 
inform him that I shall send Rustam to him who will bury him along with his 
army in the trenches of Qaadisiyyah. Those coming afterwards shall learn a 
lesson from what is to happen to him and to you people. I shall then send 
Rustam to your land and he shall torture you worse than Saaboor* 1 ) did." 
Yazdajird then asked, "Which of you is of the highest birth?" After a brief silence, 
Hadhrat Aasim bin Amr Wffi&Z volunteered to take the sand without consulting 
the others and said, "I am of the highest birth amongst them all. Let me carry the 
sand." "Is that so?" asked Yazdajird. When the other Sahabah %&i&&s agreed, the 
basket of sand was placed on his neck. He carried it out of the palace and to the 
outskirts where he mounted his animal and loaded the basket on it. He then 
raced his mount to take it to Hadhrat Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaas W8s®&. He rode 
ahead of the other Sahabah IsSJa®© and passed by the gates of Qudays (a palace 
in Qaadisiyyah) calling, "Give the Ameer glad tidings of victory! Insha Allaah, we 
shall certainly be victorious!" Hadhrat Aasim *S3!Sag> then rode on until he placed 
the sand on Arabian soil. Returning to Hadhrat Sa'd !£$£$&, he informed him 
about what had happened. Hadhrat Sa'd SlJS®!^, "Glad tidings! By Allaah! Allaah 
has already given us the keys of their kingdom." The Muslims took a good omen 

( 1 ) A prince from the Persian Sassanid dynasty who was extremely harsh towards the Arabs. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&& (Vol-D 245 

from this that they would capture the lands of the Persians. *'' 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mu'tam W$&& Gives 

Da'wah to the Banu Taghlib Tribe and others 

During trie Battle for Tikrit 

Hadhrat Muhammad 3©&l;«£s>, Hadhrat Talha S)©&fc«%> and others narrate that 
during the Battle for Tikrit, the Romans saw that every offensive they launched 
against the Muslims backfired on them and that they were defeated every time 
they clashed with the Muslims in battle. They therefore deserted their leaders and 
loaded their belongings on their boats (to leave the area). When the spies from 
the (Arab-Christian) Taghlib, Iyaad and Namir tribes brought the news to (the 
Muslim commander) Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mu'tam 3i3Hi§!^, they requested that 
he enter into a peace treaty with these Arab tribes and added that these tribes 
were willing to accept Islaam. 

Hadhrat Abdullaah i&R3@® sent a message to them stating, "If you people are 
sincere, you should testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and 
that Muhammad 8§§i is Allaah's Rasul. In addition to this, you should accept 
everything that Rasulullaah && brought from Allaah. You should then inform us 
of your plan of action." The messengers went with the message and returned with 
news that the people had accepted Islaam. * 2 ' 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas W$&£ Gives Da'wah 
During the Battle for Egypt 

Hadhrat Khaalid JUIS®* and Hadhrat Ubaadah Wm^&6 narrate that Hadhrat Amr 
bin Al Aas %$&!&» marched to Egypt after Hadhrat Umar JSSSSS* had returned to 
Madinah (from Shaam). Hadhrat Zubayr JUIS®© followed him (with another 
battalion) and the two joined up when Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas WHffi&s> reached a 
place called llyoon. There they were met by the chief priest of Egypt Abu Maryam 
who was there with another high priest and the Egyptian army. Maqoqis (the 
king of Egypt) had sent them to defend the country. When Hadhrat Amr W&8&9 
arrived there, they immediately prepared to attack but Hadhrat Amr &&&& sent a 
message telling them that they should not be hasty and should first listen to their 
reason for coming, after which they could make a decision. The Egyptians were 
then called off and Hadhrat Amr J&83SS0 send a message stating, "I am coming 
forward (to talk), so send Abu Maryam and Abu Maryam should come forth. The 
Egyptians accepted and each party guaranteed the safety of the other." 
Hadhrat Amr 3SJG3®* said to the two men, 'You two are senior priests of this 
country, so do listen. Allaah has sent Muhammad QsffltJOt with the truth and 
commanded us to follow it. Muhammad (Jl^i has conveyed this command to us 
together with every other command Allaah has issued. Muhammad W$£ then 
passed on. May Allaah's choicest blessings and mercies be showered on him. 



(1) AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.7 Pg.41). Ibn Jareer Tabari <3©&li#S (Vol. 4 Pg.94) has also narrated it. 

(2) Ibn Jareer (Vol.4 Pg. 1 86). 



246 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&i%!&& (Vol-1) 

However, he fulfilled his duty and left us on a clear path. Amongst his 
instructions to us was to wish people well and we therefore invite you to accept 
Islaam. Whoever accepts shall be one of us and whoever refuses to accept shall 
be given the option of paying Jizya. We shall then do everything in our capacity to 
provide protection. Rasulullaah {JiHI has informed us that we shall certainly 
conquer you people and advised us to be good to you to maintain the family ties 
that exist between us *''. If you accept this option (of paying Jizya), you shall have 
in your favour another right (of being family) in addition to the right of protection 
(that we will be obliged to give you). Amongst the commands that out Ameer had 
given are his words, 'Treat the Copts well because Rasulullaah W^ has advised 
that the Copts should be treated well by virtue of the fact that they are relatives 
and deserve protection as well.'" 

To this, the Egyptians said, "It is only the Ambiyaa who would maintain such 
distant relations. (Referring to Haajira the wife of Hadhrat Ibraheem gj$&$c, they 
said) She was a celebrated and honourable lady who was the daughter of our 
king. She belonged to the House of Manf who were the ruling family. However, 
the House of Aynush Shams attacked them, killed many of them, seized the 
kingdom and the rest of them were forced into exile. She then became the wife of 
Hadhrat Ibraheem $!&£. His coming was most welcome and a happy event for 
us. Do leave us in peace until we return to you (after consulting with the others). 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 5SN2®® said, "You will be unable to fool the likes of me. 
You therefore have three days to ponder over the matter and to consult with 
your people. Otherwise (if you fail to return within three days) we shall have to 
attack you." When the two priests requested an extension of time, Hadhrat Amr 
i§3!Is@»ei gave them an additional day. They then asked for more time and he 
added another day. • 

They then returned to Maqoqis who seriously considered the alternatives. 
However, a person called Artaboon (2) refused to submit and ordered an attack 
against the Muslims. The two priests said to the people, "We shall do our best to 
defend you without returning to the Muslims. However, there are still four days 
left in which we can hope for nothing but peace from them." The people of 
Farqab launched a surprise attack against Hadhrat Amr 5gii2®sS and Hadhrat 
Zubayr 3S3!2j@ss> at night but Hadhrat Amr JS3!S@« was prepared for the attack. He 
engaged the enemy and killed the people of Farqab along with those with them 
(Artaboon was also killed with them), after which the rest of them fled. Hadhrat 
Amr JSBSSSi and Hadhrat Zubayr 5S!3®e> then left for Aynush Shams. * 3 > 
Hadhrat Abu Haaritha and Abu Uthmaaan narrate that when Hadhrat Amr Wffi&$ 
set up camp at Aynush Shams, the Egyptian people said to their king, "What do 
you wish to do against people who have defeated Kisra and Caesar and occupied 



(1) Hadhrat Haajira the wife of Hadhrat Ibraaheem #S&ie was from Egypt as was Hadhrat Maariya 
SSiaiBSS the mother of Rasulullaah (SCSI's son Ibraheem. 

(2) Aratboon was a Roman general whom Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas 3SK5®s> had defeated in Palestine 
and had then fled to Egypt. 

(3) Ibn Jareer (Vol.4 Pg.227). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j@,l$$£!?g> (Vol-1) 247 

their lands? Enter into negotiations with them and draw up a treaty without 
yourself fighting them or leading us against them." This took place on the fourth 
day. However, the king refused and the Egyptians attacked the Muslims. The 
Muslims repulsed the attack and Hadhrat Zubayr ©!£®s> managed to climb the 
wall of their stronghold. When the Egyptians noticed this, they opened the gates 
for Hadhrat Amr @12i@gS and came out to enter into negotiations. Hadhrat Amr 
SI3.12@S) accepted their submission and Hadhrat Zubayr 3s3IS@s> descended the 
wall as conqueror. ^ 

The Sahabah $&%&& Give Da'wah During a Battle 
under the Leadership of Hadhrat Salama bin Qais 

Ash'jaee W®m 

Hadhrat Sulaymaan bin Buraydah narrates that whenever a Muslim regiment was 
gathered, the Ameerul Mu'mineen Hadhrat Umar J&)!5®>s) appointed someone 
with knowledge and sound judgment as their commander. Therefore, he once 
appointed Hadhrat Salama bin Qais Ash'ja'ee ^,13®© as the Ameer of a particular 
regiment and addressed them saying, "March in the name of Allaah and for the 
pleasure of Allaah you should fight .those who commit kufr. When you meet the 
enemy of Mushrikeen, invite them to accept one of three options. (Firstly) Invite 
them to Islaam. If they accept islaam and choose to remain in their hometowns, 
then they will have to pay zakaah from their wealth and will have no share in the 
Fay that the Muslims receive. On the other hand, if they choose to join you, they 
will enjoy the same privileges that you do and will have to bear the same 
responsibilities that you bear. (Secondly) If they refuse to accept Islaam, call 
them to pay the Jizya. If they agree to pay the Jizya, then fight their enemies for 
them thereby freeing them to pay the Jizya and do not place responsibilities on 
them that are beyond their capability." 

"(Thirdly) If they refuse even this, fight them for Allaah shall assist you against 
them. If they take refuge in a fortress and ask you to allow them to emerge on 
the conditions of Allaah and His Rasool (JielSI, do not allow them to emerge on 
these conditions because you do not know what instructions Allaah and His 
Rasool (i§i? will issue concerning them. If they ask to be allowed to emerge into 
the protection of Allaah and His Rasool (S§i?, do not allow them this, but rather 
allow them to emerge into your protection. If they fight you, ensure that you 
do not steal from the booty, do not deceive, do not mutilate and do not kill 
any child." 

Hadhrat Salama S&£®tg; says, "We then marched and when we met the 
Mushrikeen enemy, we gave them the Da'wah as the Ameerul Mu'mineen had 
instructed. When they refused to accept Islaam, we called them to pay the Jizya, 
which they also refused. We then fought them and Allaah assisted us to defeat 
them. We killed their soldiers, captured their families and collected their wealth 
(as booty)." The narration continues in gr eat detail. (2) 
(1) Ibn Jareer (Vol.4 Pg.228). 
(2)lbnJareer(Vol.5Pg.9). 



■ *£*£'! 



248 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&W&S> (Vol-V 

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari ££!Mj& Gives Da'wah to 
the People of Isfahan before Engaging them in 

Battle 

Hadhrat Bau Umayya narrates that when Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari JSS3®s> set 
up camp at Isfahan, he invited the people to accept Islaam. When they refused to 
accept Islaam, he proposed the Jizya and they opted to enter into negotiations 
with him. Whereas they opted for peace that night, the following morning they 
betrayed the Muslims and launched a surprise attack. However, it was very soon 
that Allaah granted the Muslims victory over them. (1) 

Incidents About the Character and Actions of the 
Sahabah $S$@^> that Inspired People to Accept 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh JIRSs&SsS Accepts Islaam and the Role that his son and 
Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Jabal W&3&& Played In this 

Ibn Is'haaq narrates that after some of the Ansaar had pledged allegiance to 
Rasulullaah W&& (in Makkah), they came back to Madinah and Islaam started 
manifesting itself in Madinah. However, there were still those Mushrikeen 
amongst the Ansaar who adhered to their religion. Amongst these was Hadhrat 
Amr bin Jamooh S®@®, whose son Mu'aadh S3^@« had also pledged allegiance 
to Rasulullaah &£ at Aqaba. Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh 2§3ta@»© was one of the 
leaders of the Banu Salma tribe' and one of the most respected persons amongst 
them. As was the practice of the noble people of those times, Hadhrat Amr bin 
Jamooh JSBJ^e also kept a wooden idol in his house that he named Manaat. He 
regarded it to be his deity and always kept it clean. 

After accepting Islaam, some of the youngsters of the Banu Salma tribe together 
with others who had pledged allegiance to Rasulullaah (j§8$i at Aqaba such as 
Hadhrat Mu'aadh bin Jabal WS^&6 and Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh SS^a&'s son 
Mu'aadh %£3&8&9, used to take away the idol of Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh H®&8&9 
at night and then throw it head first into one of the pits they used as a rubbish 
dump. In the mornings, Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh JgSSjSSeS used to say, "Woe be to 
those who have manhandled our god last night!" He would then go looking for 
the idol. When he found it, he would wash it, clean it thoroughly and apply 
perfume to it. Thereafter, he would say, "I swear by Allaah that if I found out who 
did this, I would certainly disgrace him." However, as soon as Hadhrat Amr bin 
Jamooh SJSffiS© went to sleep, the youngsters again repeated their deed. 
One day, when they had carried out their deed once too often for him, he took 
the idol out from where they had thrown it after cleaning it and applying 
perfume, he hung his sword around its neck. He then said to it, "By Allaah! I have 
no idea who is doing this to you. However, if you have the courage, you should 
defend yourself for you now have this sword with you." When night fell and 

(l)IbnSa'd(VoUPg.llO). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&€> (Vol-1) 249 

Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh Wi^&& went to sleep, the youngsters again seized the 
idol and after removing the sword from its neck, they tied a dead dog to it and 
threw it into an unused well of the Abu Salma that will be full of rubbish. The 
following morning when Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh 51312®i$ did not find the idol in 
its place, he went out in searcfi of it and found it lying on its head in the well 
with the dead dog tied to it. Seeing this, he realised the helplessness of the idol 
and after the Muslims of his tribe had spoken to him, he accepted Islaam, 
becoming an excellent Muslim. May Allaah shower His mercy on him. (1) 
Another narration states that when a few members of the Banu Salma tribe 
accepted Islaam, the wife and son of Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh &S%8£6 also 
accepted Islaam. Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh 383!S®e> said to his wife, "Do not allow 
any of the children to go to your family until I investigate what they are doing." 
She said, "I shall do as you say, but will you not listen to what your son has 
heard from that person (Rasulullaah l &^)?" Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh SllS@sS 
said, "Perhaps he has become irreligious." "No," replied his wife, "he was merely 
one of the people." Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh *S$5i@e> then sent for his son and 
said, "Tell me what you have heard from that person." His son then recited: 

"''. 'n tf i (£§\ >" it »' i il (^ > S n 1 ' e ii f^S ' » 1l m " ' 'it ' » ' \i\ 

>i -i > >'.' '*'*'> . 6 ,i 1 1' A'>.' ,,, iiii"'iii' 'iA''''' <tiV 

All praise belongs to Allaah, the Rabb of the universe (and whatever it 

contains), Who is the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful and 

Master of (all affairs on) the Day of Recompense (the Day ofQiyaamah, 

when resurrection, accountability, rewards and punishment will take 

place). You Alone do we worship, and You Alone do we ask for help. 

Guide us to the straight path (the path of Islaam)." {surahFaatiha, verses 1-5} 

Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh J&DSsSsei commented, "This is most excellent and 

beautiful! Is all his speech like this?" His son said, "Even better than this, dear 

father. Do you wish to follow him? Most of your people are already doing so." 

Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh 5i3!3©eS said, "I shall not do so until I have consulted 

with Manaat and see what he says." When the Mushrikeen usually spoke to 

Manaat, an old woman used to stand behind the idol and speak on its behalf. 

However, the woman was not there when Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh 5Ul£@e> approached 

the idol. He stood by the idol, praised it excessively and then said, "O Manaat! 

You should know that you are being faced with a serious danger that you are 

unaware of. A man has arrived who forbids us from worshiping you and who 

instructs us to get rid of you. I did not want to pledge allegiance to him until I 

had consulted with you." Hadhrat Amr JDJSSSs spoke to the idol for a long time 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il (Pg.109) 



250 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&H%$&0 (Vol-D 

but received no response. He then said, "You seem to be angry with me whereas I 

have done nothing impolite to you." He then stood up and broke the idol. (1) 

Yet another narration adds that when Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh ii!3S3®« accepted 

Islaam and recognised the authority of Allaah, he composed some couplets 

speaking about the helplessness of the idols that he had experienced. He also 

thanked Allaah for saving him from the spiritual blindness and deviation that he 

was trapped in. (His couplets are translated as follows:) 

"I repent to Allaah for the wrongs I had committed in the past 

And I desire that Allaah rescue me from the fire ofjahannam 

I praise Him for His bounties 

He Who is the Rabb of the Kabah and its covering 

May He be glorified to the extent of the numbers of sinners 

And the extent of the raindrops falling from the skies 

He guided me when I was in darkness 

When I was worshipping Manaat and other stones 

After my hairs had turned white because of old age, He saved me 

From the blight of idol worship and its shame 

I was on the verge of being totally destroyed in darkness 

But He rescued me by His tremendous might 

/ therefore praise Him and thank Him as long as 1 live 

He Who is the Rabbb of mankind and All Powerful over them 

When I say these words my only desire is 

To earn proximity to Allaah in His home 0annah)" 

Condemning his idol, Hadhrat Amr bin Jamooh JsS^@s» composed the following 

couplets, the meaning of which is-. 

"By Allaah! Had you.been a true god, you would never have been 

Right down a well, bound tightly to a dog 

Curses to the place where you have been thrown, lying there in disgrace despite 

being a god 

We have now discovered your tremendous harmfulness 

All praises belong to the Exalted Allaah Who bestows favours 

The Giver, the Sustainer and the One Who rewards every good practice 

It was He Who rescued me 

Before I became a grave trapped in darkness" ' 2 ' 

Hadhrat Abu Dardaa ^JS®§i Accepts Islaam and 

the Role that Hadhrat Ahdullaah bin Rawwaaha 

mm& Played In this 

Waaqidi says that it is commonly believed that Hadhrat Abu Dardaa WX£!&?> 
was the last person from his family to accept Islaam. He was extremely 
dedicated to the worship of his idol and kept it covered in a cloth. Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha S3!3@ss> had been his bosom friend during the Period of 

(1) Narrated by Minjaab from Ziyaad who narrates from Ibn Is'haaq. 

(2) Narration of Ibraheem bin Salma also reported from Ibn Is'haaq. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH jOSflSfeg) (Vol-1) 23l 

Ignorance and now called him to accept Islaam, but he constantly refused. One 
day, when Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha }s3J5£b!» noticed Hadhrat Abu Dardaa 
*&B5a®s> leaving the house, he entered the house and surprised Hadhrat Abu 
Dardaa t's wife who was busy combing her hair. When he asked her where 
Hadhrat Abu Dardaa WH$®£> wa^, she replied, 'Your brother has just left." 
With an axe in his hand, Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha 5S112®® then entered 
the room where the idol stayed and smashed it to bits. As he did this, he took the 
name of each idol as he hymned the couplet: 

"Behold! Everything that is worshipped besides Allaah is a fake" 
Hadhrat Abu Dardaa t's wife had been hearing the noise of the axe and when 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha 3&8J§@g> emerged from the room, she burst out, 
"O son of Rawwaaha!' You have ruined me!" He had just left the house when 
Hadhrat Abu Dardaa J£l©®e> entered the house and found his wife sitting there 
crying out of fear for his reaction. When he asked her what was wrong, she said, 
"Your brother Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha came here by surprise and did what you 
see." Hadhrat Abu Dardaa ©13i@s> flew into a towering rage but then thought to 
himself that if his idol was of any good, it would have defended itself. He then 
went to Rasulullaah ^Hi who was with Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Rawwaaha 
SS2®S?i and accepted Islaam. *'* 

The Letter that Hadhrat Umar SMBUgi Wrote to 

Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas Wti%®$& Concerning Jizya 

and Prisoners of War 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Jaz Zubaydi narrates a lengthy report about what happened 
after the Muslims conquered Alexandria during the Khilaafah of Hadhrat Umar 
}|3!53@e>. In this report he also mentions that they stopped at a place called 
Balheeb where they waited for the letter of Hadhrat Umar @J3®e> to reach them. 
When it arrived, Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas SJ@@g> read the letter to the Muslims, 
which stated: 

Your letter has reached me with the news that the king of Alexandria has opted to 
pay the Jizya on condition that all the prisoners of his country are returned to 
him. By my life! The Jizya that we receive and that the Muslims after us shall 
receive is more beloved to me than the booty that is distributed and then 
finished. Suggest to the king of Alexandria that he should pay the Jizya on 
condition that the prisoners in your custody should be given the choice of either 
accepting Islaam or remaining faithful to their religion. Whoever amongst them 
accepts Islaam would become one of the Muslims and shall enjoy the privileges 
all Muslims enjoy together with bearing the responsibilities all Muslims bear. 
Those who choose the religion of their people shall have to pay the same amount 
of Jizya fixed for the people of his faith. As for those prisoners who have 
dispersed into Arabia and reached places like Makkah, Madinah or Yemen, we 
shall be unable to return them to him and we cannot enter into an agreement 

(1) Haakim in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.336). 



252 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $m*ms> (Vol-D 

that we will be unable to fulfil. 

What the Sahabah '&£$$& did during the Conquest 

of Alexandria 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Jaz states further, "Hadhrat Arrtr bin Al Aas &&&£> then sent a 
letter to the king of Alexandria, explaining to him the instructions that the 
Ameerul Mu'mineen had written to him. The king accepted the proposal and we 
then gathered all the prisoners with us. When all these Christian prisoners had 
gathered, we approached each one of them and allowed him to choose between 
Islaam and Christianity. When any of them accepted Islaam, we shouted 'Alaahu 
Akbar' louder than we did when conquering any town and took him into our 
protection. If any of them chose Christianity, the Christians would make a noise 
and take him into their protection. We would then impose the Jizya on him. 
When this happened, we were so grieved that it appeared as if one of us had 
defected to them. This continued until all the prisoners had been given the 
choice. Amongst those who came to us was Abu Maryam (whose name was) 
Abdullaah bin Abdur Rahmaan." Another narrator by the name of Qaasim says 
that he met Abu Maryam when he was chief of the Banu Zubayd tribe. 
Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Jaz continues saying, "When we approached Abu Maryam 
whose parents and brothers were all Christians and gave him the choice between 
Islaam and Christianity, he opted to accept Islaam. As we took him into our 
protecfion, his parents and brothers darted across to pull him away from us and 
actually tore his clothing apart. However, he is now our chief as you can see." (1) 

The Incident of Hadhrat Ali isS&'s Armour and his 
Interaction with a Christian who then Accepted Islaam 

Hadhrat Sha'bi narrates that when (the Ameerul Mu'mineen) Hadhrat Ali H&S3N8& 
once went to the marketplace, he found a Christian selling a coat of armour. 
Recognising the coat of armour, Hadhrat Ali ig353@»g said, "That armour belongs 
to me. Let us have the judge of the Muslims decide the matter between us." The 
presiding judge at that time was Qaadhi Shuray and Hadhrat Ali M%3&9 asked 
him to rule in the matter. 

When Qaadhi Shuray saw the Ameerul Mu'mineen Hadhrat Ali 3£]£5&£», he got up 
from his place and made the Ameerul Mu'mineen sit there. He then sat in front of 
the Ameerul Mu'mineen next to the Christian. Hadhrat Ali JSS2®« said, "O Shuray! 
Had my adversary been a Muslim, I would have sat with him. However, I have 
heard Rasulullaah W$i say (about the non-Muslims living in a Muslim country), 
'Do not shake hands with them, do not be first to greet them, do not visit them 
when they fall ill, do not perform their funeral prayers, make them use the 
narrow part of the pathway and keep them in a lowered position as Allaah has 
kept them in a lowered position'. Do pass judgement between us, O Shuray." 
Qaadhi Shuray asked, "What do you have to say, O Ameerul Mu'mineen?" Hadhrat 



(1) Ibn Jareer (Vol.4 Pg.227). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&m&& (Vol-1) 253 

Ali JbS5®» declared, "This coat of armour belongs to me. I had lost it a long time 
ago." Qaadhi Shuray then asked, "What have you to say, O Christian?" The 
Christian pleaded, "No. The Ameerul Mu'mineen is mistaken. The armour is 
mine." Qaadhi Shuray ruled, "The armour cannot be taken from the Christian 
unless you have proof (of your ownership, O Ameerul Mu'mineen)." Hadhrat Ali 
©)S@gi submitted, "Shuray is right." 

The Christian then said, "As for me, I testify that it is certainly the judgement of 
the Ambiyaa that the Ameerul Mu'mineen can come to a judge under his power 
who passes judgement against him. O Ameerul Mu'mineen! 1 swear by Allaah that 
the armour belongs to you. As I walked behind you one day, the armour fell off 
your brown camel and I picked it up." He then declared: 

"1 testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad W& is Allaah's Rasul." 
Hadhrat Ali SJ2®» said to him, "Now that you have accepted Islaam, you may 
have it." The man then loaded it on his horse. ^' 

A narration of Haakim states that the armour of Hadhrat Ali W$3&& once fell off 
his camel and was found by a person who sold it. When the armour was found in 
the r possession of a Jew, Hadhrat Ali JsSSffiSs took the case to Qaadhi Shuray. 
(Hadhrat Ali S3.ta®»'s son) Hadhrat Hasan 5S3!3®« and his freed slave Qambar 
testified in favour of Hadhrat Ali SB2®!«. Qaadhi Shuray said, "Bring me another 
witness in place of Hasan." "Do you not accept the testimony of Hasan?" asked 
Hadhrat Ali &$$&?>. "No," replied Qaadhi Shuray, "but I recall that you told me 
that it is not permissible for a son to testify in favour of his father." 
Hadhrat Yazeed Tameemi reports a lengthy narration in which he states that 
Qaadhi Shuray said to Hadhrat Ali W&8!&, "We shall accept the testimony of your 
freed slave but not that of your son." Hadhrat Ali Wi^S6 said, "Good grief! Have 
you not heard Urnar report that Rasulullaah (£J33£ said, 'Hasan and Husayn shall 
be the leaders of the youth of Jannah?'" Turning to the Jew, Hadhrat Ali JSRtfi&Ss 
then said, 'You may have the armour, O Jew!" The Jew said in astonishment, "The 
Ameerul Mu'mineen takes the case before the judge of the Muslims who 
passes judgement against him and he still accepts it! O Ameerul Mu'mineen! I 
swear by Allaah that you have spoken the truth. The armour is yours. I picked it 
up when it fell off your camel." He then declared: 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 

Muhammad {Ji$§ is Allaah's Rasul." 
Hadhrat Ali W&&6 then gave him the armour as a gift along with severt hundred 
Dirhams. The man then faithfully stayed close to Hadhrat Ali W&8&9 until he was 
martyred in the Battle of Siffeen. ^ 



(1) Tirmidhi and Haakim. 

(2) Haakim in Kunna and Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.4 Pg.139) as quoted in Kanzul ummaal (\lo\A Pg.6) 



254 mE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W!&$S2) (Vol-D 

Chapter Two 

The Chapter Concerning the Bay'ah 
(pledge of allegiance) 



This chapter highlights how the Sahabah 83!3®» pledged allegiance to 
Rasulullaah &M and to the Khulafaa W®®® after Rasulullaah &% and the 
conditions on which they pledged their allegiance 



Pledging Allegiance to Islaam 

The Hadith of Hadhrat Jareer W®& in this Regard 

Hadhrat Jareer *|31is@g> narrates, ""The condition on which we (the male Sahabah 
$3!3s©sgi) pledged allegiance to Rasulullaah {$$£§ was similar to the conditions on 
which the females pledged allegiance '^. Rasulullaah ^^ stood guarantee that 
any of us would enter Jannah if he died without perpetrating any of these sins. If 
anyone did perpetrate any of them before dying but the due Shari'ah punishment 
had been meted out to him, this would be a source of expiation for him. Whoever 
died after perpetrating any of these but his crime had been kept secret, Allaah 
shall decide his case (Allaah may then either forgive him or punish him)." ^ 

The pledge of allegiance that Elders, Youngsters, 
Men and Women took on the Day that Makkah 

was Conquered 

Hadhrat Aswad W&$M> narrates he saw people pledging their allegiance to 
Rasulullaah {£§Si on the day that Makkah was conquered. Rasulullaah W$£ sat at 
a place called Qarn Musqilah where people pledged their allegiance to Islaam 
and to the Shahaadah. The narrator says that he asked (his teacher Abdullaah bin 
Uthmaan), "What is the Shahaadah?" He replied, "(My teacher) Muhammad bin 
Aswad bin Khalaf informed me that Rasulullaah ^§ required the Sahabah 
(9i9)a®g> to pledge their allegiance to their belief in Allaah and to their testimony 
that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad &H- is 

(1) These conditions included not committing Shirk, not stealing, not committing fornication or 
adultery and other conditions as mentioned in verse 12 of Surah Mumtahina (Surah 60). 

(2) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.36) has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Jareer has also 
narrated the Hadith as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.82). This shall Insha Allaah appear in 
the chapter concerning the pledged of allegiance that women took. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&S%8&& (Vol-1) 255 

Allaah's servant and Rasul. ^ 

A narration of Bayhaqi adds that everyone from the youngsters to the elders as 
well as men and women all pledged their allegiance to Islaam and to the 
Shahaadah at the hands of Rasulullaah W$%. (2) 

Hadhrat Mujaashi &&&& and his Brother W&&& 
pledge allegiance to. Islaam and Jihaad 

Hadhrat Mujaashi bin Mas'ood S82®« narrates that he and his brother went to 
Rasulullaah WOfe and he said, "Accept our pledge of allegiance to Hijrah." 
Rasulullaah ®?i said to them, "Hijrah (to Madinah) has finished with those who 
have already made Hijrah (the compulsion to migrate to Madinah no longer 
exists)." When Hadhrat Mujaashi *g»2@e< asked what was it that he could pledge 
his allegiance to, Rasulullaah @jj3£i> replied, "Pledge your allegiance to Islaam 
and to Jihaad." (3) 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Ahdillaah pledges allegiance to 

Islaam 

Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Ilaaqa narrates that when Hadhrat Mughiera bin Shu'ba 
S3£$®£> passed away, he heard Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah JsSSSS!® address the 
people saying, "I advise you to fear the One Allaah Who has no partner and to 
remain graceful and calm. With these hands of mine did I pledge allegiance to 
Islaam at the hands of Rasulullaah i^S and he stipulated that I always remain a 
well-wisher for every Muslim. I swear by the Rabb of the Kabah that I wish well 
for each one of you." He then sought forgiveness from Allaah and descended 
from the pulpit. * 4 ' 

Bayhaqi and others have narrated from Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Haarith Sudaa'ee 
W&&t> that he approached Rasulullaah {^8i? and pledged allegiance to Islaam. 
The rest of the Hadith has already been mentioned in the Chapter of Da'wah. (5) 

Pledging Allegiance to the Injunctions of Islaam 

Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah J£J£5@*g> Pledges 

Allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam as well 

as Sadaqah and Jihaad 

Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah W&ti&9 narrates that when he approached 
Rasulullaah (jjjjr to pledge his allegian ce, he asked, "O Rasulullaah {JS$§! To 

(1) Ahmad as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaayx (Vol. 4 Pg.318). Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.37) has 
commented on the chain of narrators. 

(2) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.318). Tabraani has also quoted the Hadith as mentioned in 
Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol.6 Pg.37). Others have also narrated it as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal 
(Vol.1 Pg.82). 

(3) Bukhari and Muslim as narrated by Allaama Ayni (Vol.7 Pg.16). lbn Abi Shayba has also narrated 
the Hadith and added that when one of the narrators asked the brother of Hadhrat Mujaashi 
SJfiSsSei about the incident, he confirmed it. This is reported in Kanzul Ummaal '(Vol.1 Pgs.26,83). 

(4) Abu Awaana in his Musnad. Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.14) has narrated a more detailed account. 

(5) The Hadith is quoted under the heading "The Sahabah $3ffl&6 send Letters to Invite Towards 



256 m£ i-WES OF THE SAHABAH $&)&&§> (Vol-1) 



what should I pledge my allegiance?" Rasulullaah (sail stretched out his hand 
and said, "Testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad ®i? is Allaah's servant and Rasul. Perform your five salaahs on their 
times, pay the obligatory zakaah, fast during the month of Ramadhaan, perform 
Hajj and fighting in the path of Allaah." 

Hadhrat Basheer W&S&9 said, "O Rasulullaah &&i\ I can carry out all of these 
besides two of them. (The first is) Zakaah, for I possess only ten camels. The milk 
of which my family needs to subsist on and who are the only beasts of burden 
they have. (The second is) Fighting in Jihaad because I am a timid person. Since 
people say that the one who flees from the battlefield returns with the wrath of 
Allaah, I fear that when a battle is fought and I flee for fear of my life, I shall also 
return with the wrath of Allaah." 

Rasulullaah (JiSI then retracted his hand and shaking his hand said, "O Basheer! 
By virtue of what deed will you enter jannah without zakaah and Jihaad?" 
Hadhrat Basheer then said, "O Rasulullaah WS& 1 . Extend your hand." When 
Rasulullaah {S$Hi did so, Hadhrat Basheer WG&&& pledged his allegiance to all 
the actions. ^ 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdillaah %&$/&& pledges his 

allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam and 

wishing well for Every Muslim 

Hadhrat Jareer SJS3@«> narrates that he pledged allegiance at the hand of 
Rasulullaah ®S# that he would establish salaah, pay zakaah and wish well for 
every Muslim. (2) 

Another narration states from Hadhrat Jareer S&8»®« states that he said, "O 
Rasulullaah ®Sll Do state the conditions (of the pledge) for you are best aware 
of the conditions." Rasulullaah ®§f said, "I require you to pledge that you would 
worship none but the One Allaah without ascribing any partners to Him, that you 
would establish salaah, pay zakaah, wish every Muslim well and absolve 
yourself from Shirk." (3) 

Another narration states that when Hadhrat Jareer SS^SSs came to Rasulullaah 
{^^, /Rasulullaah 'tJHUfflt asked him to stretch out his hand (to pledge his 
allegiance). Hadhrat Jareer JS5&5®® asked, "On what should I pledge my 
allegiance?" Rasulullaah &g$i replied, "That you would surrender yourself to 
Allaah and wish well for every Muslim." Hadhrat Jareer Sg})3i@9 accepted the 
conditions. Since he was an intelligent m an, he said, "O Rasulullaah $)SS#! (I shall 

Allaah" and Islaam" and under the subheading "Hadhrat Ziyaad bin Haarith Sudaa'ee Sends a 

Letter to his People". 

(1) Hasan bin Sufyaan, Tabraani in his Awsat, Abu Nu'aym, Haakim, Bayhaqi and Ibn Asaakir as 
mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg.12). Ahmad has also narrated it from authentic sources as 
confirmed by Haythami (Vol.l Pg.42). 

(2) Ahmad and Ibn Jareer as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal lyoll Pg.82). Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi 
have also reported it, as mentioned in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.3 Pg.236). 

(3) Ahmad and Nasa'ee as reported in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.5 Pg.78). A narration of Ibn Jareer 
as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.82) is the same except that the words state, "...that you 
wish every Muslim well and separate yourself from Shirk." 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$&> (Vol-1) 257 

abide by these conditions) As far as I am able to do so." This concession was 
then allowed for everyone after him. '*' 

Hadhrat Awf bin Maalik ^J£$£!*g> and his 

Companions pledge their allegiance to the 

Fundamentals of Islaam and that they Shall not 

Beg from People 

Hadhrat Awf bin Maalik Ash'ja'ee S8a®!>g> narrates that he was with seven, eight or 
nine persons in the company of Rasulullaah Qjfffljiit when he said, "Will you not 
pledge allegiance to the Rasool of Allaah?" When Rasulullaah (Ji$# repeated this 
three times, they stretched out their hands and pledged their allegiance at the 
hands of Rasulullaah W^§. They then asked, "O Rasulullaah {^^! Now that we 
have pledged our allegiance, do inform us what the conditions of our pledge are." 
Rasulullaah fjf^ replied, "You have pledged that you will worship Allaah without 
ascribing any partners to Him, that you will perform the five salaahs..." 
Rasulullaah &li# then whispered another condition, which was, "...that you will 
not ask anything from people." 

Hadhrat Awf bin Maalik &&#&*> says that he had seen persons from this group 
who would not even ask anyone to pass them their whip which had fallen (from 
their hands as they rode their animals). * 2 ' 

Hadhrat Thowbaah *§i)£@j?S pledges that he would 
not ask Anyone for Anything 

Hadhrat Abu Umaamah H$@*&9 narrates that Rasulullaah W$£ once asked, "Who 
would like to pledge their allegiance?" Hadhrat Thowbaan JSBS&!*© who was the 
slave of Rasulullaah {^$1 said, "Do accept our pledge of allegiance, O 
Rasulullaah &&£." Rasulullaah <&^ said, "Pledge that you would not ask 
anyone for anything." Hadhrat Thowbaan JUKSSSeS asked, "What will one receive 
for making this pledge?" Rasulullaah W$£ replied, "Jannah." Hadhrat Thowbaan 
JsSS@*£ then made this pledge with Rasulullaah W$$. Hadhrat Abu Umaamah 
^3)^@9 says that he saw Hadhrat Thowbaan W&&& riding amongst a large crowd 
in Makkah and even when his whip sometimes fell on someone's shoulders and 
the person would attempt to give it back to him, he would not allow it and would 
dismount the animal to pick it up himself. ^ Other narrations* 4 * report that 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©IS®?) would also not ask people to pass him his whip 
when it fell. 

(1) Tabraani as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal<yo\.\ Pg.82). 

(2) Rooyaani, Ibn Jareer and Ibn Asaakir as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.83). Muslim, 
Tirmidhi and Nasa'ee have also reported the Hadith as mentioned in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.2 
Pg.98). 

(3) Tabraani in his Kabeer as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.2 Pg.100). Ahmad, Nasa'ee and 
others have narrated the incident from Hadhrat Thowbaan SK3Ss!<£. 

(4) Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.2 Pg.99, 101). 



258 7H£ LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gKS@yg> (Vol-p 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr &&$$& pledges allegiance to 

Five Factors 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&&?> narrates that he pledged allegiance at the hands of 
Rasulullaah &£ five times, that Rasulullaah (SiHUi took promises from him 
seven times and Rasulullaah gjjji@£ made Allaah witness over him seven times that 



he should never fear the criticism of any critic when it concerned (the 
Deen/commands of) Allaah. 

Hadhrat Abul Muthanna reports from Hadhrat Abu Dharr 5S2!5@?) that Rasulullaah 
®SI once called him and asked, "Do you wish to pledge allegiance in exchange 
for Jannah?" Hadhrat Abu Dharr Js3£3@>e> complied and stretched out his hands. 
Rasulullaah ®S| stipulated that he should never ask anything from anyone. 
When Hadhrat Abu Dharr $£&&$ agreed, Rasulullaah giU added, "Even if your 
whip falls from your hand you should (not ask anyone to retrieve it but) rather 
dismount and get it yourself." 

Another narration states that Rasulullaah (JSSI said to Hadhrat Abu Dharr S!*@» 
that after six days he should take heed of what would be said to him. On the 
seventh day, Rasulullaah ^§ told him, "I advise you to adopt Taqwa in privacy 
and in public, in addition to this, when you do a wrong, immediately carry out 
a good deed, never ask anyone for anything even if your whip falls from your 
hand and never accept any trust." ( ' ' 

Hadhrat Sahl bin Sa'd ^J^@se5 and some Other 

Sahabah '$&$&& pledge their allegiance to the 

Injunctions of Islaam 

Hadhrat Sahl bin Sa'd JUtf^ that he was with Hadhrat Abu Dharr, Hadhrat 
Ubaadah bin Saamit, Hadhrat Abu Sa'eed Khudri, Hadhrat Muhammad bin 
Maslama and a sixth Sahabi SSiSJiSgSeS when they pledged that they would never be 
affected by the criticism of any critic when it concerned (the Deen/commands 
of) Allaah. When the sixth person requested to be relieved of the pledge, 
Rasulullaah &jj3££ relieved him. ^ 

Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit JiSS@>9 narrates that he was with a few leaders (of 
Madinah) who pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah {JS^. He adds that they 
pledged that they would not ascribe partners to Allaah, would not steal, would 
not fornicate, would not kill a soul whose killing Allaah has prohibited unless it 
be with a warrant, would not plunder and would not be disobedient. They were 
promised Jannah if they abided by this and if they perpetrated any of these sins, 
their decision would rest with Allaah. (3) 

Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit WHSH&9 narrates that they were with Rasulullaah 
$ii§ when he said, "Pledge allegiance at my hand that you will not ascribe any as 



(1) Ahmad as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.2 Pg.99). 

(2) Shaashi and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.82). Tabraani has also quoted a 
similar narration. Haythami (Vol. 7 Pg.264) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(3) Muslim. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $Bl*i@?g> (Vol-1) 259 

partner to Allaah, that you will not steal and not fornicate. Whoever fulfils this 
pledge shall have his reward guaranteed by Allaah and whoever perpetrates any 
of these sins and Allaah conceals them (without being subjected to the Shari'ah 
penal code), then his matter rests with Allaah Who may either punish him or 
forgive him." ^ < 

Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit >&&&» and Other 

Sahabah $!3!&@j£> pledged their allegiance to 

Rasulullaah £|$| for the First Time at Aqaba 

Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit iS3)3®sS narrates that they were eleven persons 
when the pledge of allegiance was taken for the first time at Aqaba. He says 
that because fighting in jihaad was not then compulsory, their pledge was the 
same that the women took. They therefore pledged that they will not ascribe any 
partner to Allaah, that they will not steal, that they will not fornicate, that they 
will not come forth with slander which they fabricate before their hands and legs 
(by claiming that their child is another's), that they will not kill their children and 
that they will not disobey Rasulullaah W$£ in any good (deed that he commands 
them to do). They were assured that whoever fulfils this pledge shall have his 
reward guaranteed by Allaah and whoever perpetrates any of these sins, his 
matter rests with Allaah Who may either punish him or forgive him. The same 
people returned (to Makkah) the following year to again pledge their 
allegiance.' 2 ^ 

Pledging Allegiance to Undertake the Hijrah 

Hadhrat Ya'la bin Munyah Wffl&£ pledges 
allegiance on Behalf of his father 

Hadhrat Ya'la bin Munyah &&081& narrates that he approached Rasulullaah (JiSi? 
the day after Makkah was conquered and said, "O Rasulullaah W$P. Allow my 
father to pledge that he will undertake the Hijrah." Rasulullaah {^Si? said, "I shall 
rather allow him to pledge his allegiance to Jihaad because (the compulsory) 
Hijrah (to Madinah) has been terminated on the day Makkah was conquered." 
The narration of Hadhrat Mujaashi 3§!8S@« in this regard has already passed at 
the beginning of this chapter (3) in which he asked Rasulullaah W$&, "Accept our 
pledge of allegiance to Hijrah." Rasulullaah gjjSSS said to them, "Hijrah (to 
Madinah) has finished with those who have already made Hijrah (the compulsion 
to migrate to Madinah no longer exists)." 
The Hadith of Hadhrat Jareer Sl^^S h as also passed' 4 ' in which Rasulullaah 

( 1 ) Ibn Jareer as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 1 Pg.82). 

(2) lbn is'haaq, Ibn Jareer and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.82). Bukhari and 
Muslim have also reported this narration as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vo!.3 Pg.150). 

(3) Under the heading "Pledging Allegiance to Islaam" and the subheading "Hadhrat Mujaashi 5§3SS@«> 
and his Brother SJKSSsi Pledge Allegiance to islaam and Jihaad". 

(4) Under the heading "Pledging Allegiance to Islaam" and the subheading "Hadhrat Jareer bin 
Abdillaah KJSs®© pledges his allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam and wishing well for Every 
Muslim". 



260 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$&& (Vol-1) 

$$$& told him to pledge that he would separate himself from Shirk. Another 
narration states that Rasulullaah tiMO- told Hadhrat Jareer JS!JS®g> to pledge that 
he would wish well- for every Mu'min and separate himself from the 
Mushrikeen. (1) 

Sahabah %$3ffi&& Pledge their Allegiance to the 
Hijrah during the Battle of Khandaq 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Ziyaad Saa'idi W$2%&& narrates that he approached 
Rasulullaah gjj$§ during the Battle of Khandaq while people were busy pledging 
their allegiance to Hijrah at his hands. Thinking that everyone (residents and 
non-residents of Madinah) was being called to take this pledge Hadhrat Haarith 
W&g&9 asked, "Will you accept this man's pledge to undertake the Hijrah?" "Who 
is he?" asked Rasulullaah <$&£. Hadhrat Haarith W8®& replied, "He is my cousin 
Howt bin Yazeed (or Yazeed bin Howt according to another narration)." 
Rasulullaah Qf®Mt said, "The pledge to undertake Hijrah cannot be taken from you 
(Ansaar). People make Hijrah to you while you need not make Hijrah towards 
them. I swear by the Being in Whose control is my life! The person who loves 
the Ansaar until he meets Allaah, Allaah shall love him when He meets him. 
The person who hates the Ansaar until he meets Allaah, Allaah shall hate him 
when He meets him." (2) 

Abu Usayd Saa'idi 3SSS3@8> narrates that when the trench was being dug (for the 
Battle of Khandaq), people came to Rasulullaah W$£ to pledge that they would 
undertake the Hijrah. When Rasulullaah WB&i completed, he said, "O assembly of 
Ansaar! The pledge to undertake Hijrah cannot be taken from you, for people 
make Hijrah towards you. The person who loves the Ansaar until he meets 
Allaah, Allaah shall love him when He meets him. The person who hates the 
Ansaar until he meets Allaah, Allaah shall hate him when He meets him." * 3 ' 

Pledging Allegiance to Assist Others 

Seventy Sahahah %&&&& from the Ansaar Pledge 
their Assistance in the Valley of Aqaba 

Hadhrat Jaabir WS%&$ narrates that during the ten years that Rasulullaah W$£ 
lived in Makkah (after announcing his Nabuwaat), he would visit people at the 
places where they stayed during the seasons of Hajj. This was at the market 
places of Ukaaz and Majinna. He would ask the people, "Who will give me 
asylum? Who will assist me so that I could propagate the message of my Rabb? 
Whoever does this shall receive Jannah." However, he found none to grant him 
asylum and assistance. However, (instead of assisting him) matters reached such 
a low ebb that when a person from Ye men or from the Mudhar tribe left (for 

(l)Bayhaqi (Vol.9 Pg.13) 

(2) Ahmad, Bukhari in his Taareekh, ibn'Abi Khaythama, Abu Awaana, Baghawi, AbuNu'aym and 
Tabraani as quoted in Kanzul UmmaaI<yo\.7 Pg.134). Abu Dawood has also narrated it as reported 
in isaaba (Vol.1 Pg.279). Haythami (Vol.10 Pg.38) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.10 Pg.38) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$&& (Vol-1) 261 

Makkah), the people of his tribe and his relatives would say to him, "Beware that 

the man from the Quraysh does not get you into trouble." People even pointed at 

Rasulullaah {^^ as he passed between their camps. 

Hadhrat Jaabir W&8&0 continues, "This situation prevailed until Allaah sent us 

(the Ansaar) to him from Yathrjb. We offered him asylum and believed in him. 

Whenever a person from us left (for Makkah), he would believe in Rasulullaah 

gJSi?, who would recite the Qur'aan to him. He would then return to his family (in 

Madinah) and they would all accept Islaam by virtue of his Islaam. Eventually 

there was scarcely a family from the Ansaar that did not have a group of Muslims 

who made their Islaam public." 

Hadhrat Jaabir Wffi&& says further that they all then discussed with each other 

saying, "Until when will we leave Rasulullaah {^^ to call on people, to be kicked 

about in the mountains of Makkah and face the threats of others?" Consequently, 

seventy men of the Ansaar rode off and met Rasulullaah {3881 during the Hajj 

season. After agreeing to meet at the valley of Aqaba, they arrived there 

one-by-one and in twos until they were all present. They then asked, "O 

Rasulullaah {JiH?! To what should we pledge allegiance at your hands?" 

Rasulullaah {^i replied, "You should pledge that you would always listen and 

obey (instructions) whether your hearts are willing or not. You should also 

pledge that you would spend during times of hardship and ease and that you 

would command good and forbid evil. In addition to this, you should pledge that 

you would speak for (the pleasure of) Allaah and will not fear the criticism of a 

critic when it concerns (the Deen/commands of) Allaah. You- should also pledge 

that you would assist me and when 1 come to you, you should protect me as you 

would protect your own lives, wives and children. If you comply, you shall have 

Jannah." 

The Ansaar then stood before Rasulullaah <&$!• and Hadhrat As'ad bin Zuraarah 

W&8&, who was among the youngest present there, took hold of Rasulullaah 

fJSSli hand. According to the narration of Bayhaqi, Hadhrat Jaabir '€)&$&> said 

that Hadhrat As'ad 5s$S©e> was the youngest after him. Hadhrat As'ad 5s}!3j@& 

then said to them, "Take it easy, O people of Yathrib! We have undertaken this 

journey only because we are convinced that he is the Nabi of Allaah. Taking him 

away will signal the enmity of all the Arabs, the killing of the best of you and 

swords will then make pieces of you. If you people can endure this, then take 

Rasulullaah &^§ away and you will receive your reward from Allaah. However, if 

you have some fears then leave him and make yourselves clear, this will be a 

better way of excusing yourselves before Allaah." 

The others said, "Make way, O As'ad! By Allaah! We shall never forsake this 

pledge of allegiance and no one can ever make us do so!" The Ansaar then 

pledged their allegiance to Rasulullaah {)§!§?. Rasulullaah %$$% took some 

promises from them and informed them of their responsibilities, in exchange for 

which they would attain Jannah. ^ 

(1) Ahmad. Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg.159), Fat'hul Baari (Vol. 7 Pg.158) and Haythami (Vol. 6 
Pg.46) have all commented on the chain of narrators. 



262 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$£?> (Vol-1) 

Hadhrat Ka'b bin Maalik ij^@» narrates that when they (the Ansaar) gathered in 
the valley (of Aqaba), they waited for Rasulullaah &% until he arrived with 
Hadhrat Abbaas bin Abdil Muttalib isS*®*. Although Hadhrat Abbaas !&&&& was 
then still following the religion of his people, he wished to be present with his 
nephew and take sureties (from the Ansaar) cm his behalf. When Rasulullaah 
{J^ sat down, the first to speak was Hadhrat Abbaas W&&&. He said, "O 
assembly of the Khazraj! As you well know, Muhammad is one of us and we have 
been shielding him against people who share our opinion about him (people who 
have not accepted Islaam as we have not). He enjoys respect amongst his people 
and protection in his city. However, he has made up his mind to move to you and 
join forces with you. If you feel that you will be able to fulfil the claim you have 
made to him and that you will protect him from his enemies, then I leave you to 
your responsibility. On the other hand, if you feel that you may surrender him to 
his enemies and betray him after he has come to you, then leave him now, for he 
enjoys respect amongst his people and protection in his city." 
The Ansaar said, "We have heard what you have to say." Addressing Rasulullaah 
{JiHi, they said, "O Rasulullaah {£$£§! Take from us whatever promises you 
require for yourself and for your Rabb." Rasulullaah W®Z then addressed them, 
recited the Qur'aan, gave Da'wah towards Allaah and encouraged them to be 
steadfast in lsl*aam. Rasulullaah ^§ then said, "I wish you to pledge that you 
will protect me just as you would protect you wives and children." Hadhrat Baraa 
bin Ma'roor JiSiSps took hold of Rasulullaah {SUSP's hand and said, "Certainly! I 
swear by the Being Who has sent you with the truth that we shall definitely 
protect you just as we protect our families. Do accept our pledge of allegiance. By 
Allaah! We are the children of war and have inherited war from generation to 
generation." 

As Hadhrat Baraa JiSSSSS© spoke, Hadhrat Abul Haytham bit Tayyihaan SUSS®* 
interrupted by saying, "O Rasulullaah (S§8ii! We have a long-standing relationship 
with some people viz. the Jews. We shall now (for your sake) be severing this 
relationship. Could it be that we do this and then when Allaah gives you victory, 
you would return to your people and leave us?" Rasulullaah WtO/Ht smiled and 
said, "My blood is yours, my grave shall be with yours for I am from you and you 
are from me. I shall fight those whom you fight and make peace with those with 
whom you make peace." 

The Ansaar Select Twelve Leaders 

Hadhrat Ka'b S3!3®^ narrates further that Rasulullaah {g^i said to them, "Send 

to me twelve leaders from among you who will head their people in all 

matters." The Ansaar then selected twelve leaders who comprised of nine from 

the Khazraj tribe and three from the Aws tribe. (1) 

(1) ibn Is'haaq as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.60). Ahmad and Tabraani have also 
narrated it in detail as mentioned in Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol.6 Pg.42). Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.45) and 
Haafidh Ibn Hajar (Vol.7 Pg.157) have commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&&?> (Vol-1) 263 

Hadhrat Abul Haytham '*$$$&& pledges allegiance 
and his Address to his People 

Hadhrat Urwa WX28&9 narrates that amongst the first people to pledge allegiance 
to Rasulullaah (£i$£ was Hadhrat Abul Haytham bit Tayyihaan JiS3@s). He said, "O 
Rasulullaah &$•] There are pledges and treaties existing between us and others. 
Could it ever happen that you return to your people after we have severed these 
relations and fought against their people?" Rasulullaah W®£ smiled and said, "My 
blood is yours and my grave shall be where your graves lie." Pleased with this 
response from Rasulullaah &$!•, Hadhrat Abul Haytham &&&t> turned to his 
people and said, "This is truly the Nabi of Allaah and I testify to his truthfulness. 
Today he is in the sacred land and protection of Allaah and in the midst of his 
tribe and family. You should take careful note of the fact that once you take him 
away with you, the Arabs shall attack you from a united platform. Therefore, if 
you are content to fight in the path of Allaah and to lose your wealth and 
children, you may call him to your land for he certainly is the Nabi of Allaah. On 
the other hand, if you fear that you will be unable to assist him, then say so 
now." 

Upon hearing this, the others said, "We accept whatever duties Allaah and His 
Rasool {£§§§ entrust us with. O Rasulullaah ®if! We shall do with our lives as 
you request. O Abul Haytham! Leave us to pledge our allegiance to Rasulullaah 
&£." Hadhrat Abul Haytham *£$&$& said, "I shall be the first to pledge my 
allegiance." Thereafter, they all followed him. The Hadith continues further. '^ 

The Statement of Hadhrat Abbaas bin Ubaadah 
&&&& when the Bay'ah took Place 

Hadhrat Aasim bin Umar bin Qataadah &$%&?> narrates that when the Ansaar 
gathered to pledge their allegiance to Rasulullaah &0t, Hadhrat Abbaas bin 
Ubaadah bin Nadhla Jitt®@S5 who belonged to the Banu Saalim bin Awf tribe said, 
"O assembly of the Khazraj! Do you know on what conditions you are pledging 
allegiance to this man?" When they replied in the affirmative, he said, "You are 
pledging to wage war against every fair and dark skinned person! If you fear that 
you will surrender him to his enemies when your wealth starts getting destroyed 
and your leaders start getting killed, you better leave him now. By Allaah! If you 
do that (desert him afterwards), it would mean disgrace in this world as well as 
in the Aakhirah. However, if you feel that you would be able to fulfil the claim 
you have made to him despite the destruction of your wealth and the killing of 
your leaders, you should take him with you. By Allaah! This would mean the best 
for you in this world as well as in the Aakhirah." 

The Ansaar confirmed, "We are prepared to take him even though it means the 
destruction of our wealth and the deaths of our leaders. O Rasulullaah {£i3£§! 
What will we gain if we fulfil our pledge?" Rasulullaah {J^« replied by saying, 
"Jannah." They then asked Rasulullaah & !§£ to stretch out his hand and when he 
(l) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.47) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



264 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&i%&&0 (Vol-D 

did, they pledged their allegiance to him. (1) 

According to a narration reported by Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ka'b W&8&9, 
Rasulullaah fj$@§ said to the Ansaar (after they had pledged their allegiance), 
"Leave for your camps." It was then that Hadhrat Abbaas bin Ubaadah &H23&9 
said, "O Rasulullaah %$6§>\ I swear by the Being Who has sent you with the truth 
that if you wish, we shall attack the people at Mina with our swords by 
tomorrow." Rasulullaah (JUSi? said, 'You have not been commanded to do this. 
You may however leave for your camps." ^ 

Pledging Allegiance to Jihaad 

Hadhrat Anas S3j^@w narrates that when Rasulullaah {$$§ went to the trench 
(before the Battle of Ahzaab) early one morning, he found the Muhaajireen and 
Ansaar digging in the cold because they had no slaves to d© the work for them. 
When he saw the fatigue and hunger they were suffering, he said: 

"O Allaah! There is no life but the life of the Aakhirah 
Do forgive the Ansaar and the Muhaajirah (the Muhaajireen)" 
In response to this, the Sahabah $&$%&% said: 

IjL^i L*Jy L» ■*&** ^ lJuaw l^jyb ^JJl ^so 
"We are those who have pledged allegiance to Muhammad 
Pledged to wage Jihaad as long as we are alive" (3) 
The Hadith of Hadhrat Mujaashi SS2j^ has already passed' 4 ' which states that 
when Hadhrat Mujaashi i§83ffi!8> asked what was it that he could pledge his 
allegiance to, Rasulullaah W^ replied, "Pledge your allegiance to Islaam and to 
Jihaad." 

Similarly, the Hadith of Hadhrat Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah W$8£e has also 
passed' 5 ' in which Rasulullaah &$$• said, "O Basheer! By virtue of what deed will 
you enter Jannah without Zakaah and Jihaad?" Hadhrat Basheer then said, "O 
Rasulullaah W8J& 1 . Extend your hand." When Rasulullaah @§| did so ( Hadhrat 
Basheer J§8S38s!® pledged his allegiance to all the actions. 

In the same regard, the Hadith of Hadhrat Ya'la bin Munyah tgS&s&z has passed (6) 
in which he said, "O Rasulullaah <^§\ Allow my father to pledge that he will 
undertake the Hijrah." Rasulullaah {SiP said, "I shall rather allow him to pledge 
his allegiance to Jihaad." 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq as reported in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.162). 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq as reported in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg. 164). 

(3) Bukhari (Pg.397) 

(4) Under the heading "Pledging Allegiance to Islaam" and the subheading "Hadhrat Mujaashi SSS8S8 
and his Brother isJSSSsSS Pledge Allegiance to Islaam and Jihaad". 

(5) Under the heading "Pledging Allegiance to the Injunctions of Islaam" and the subheading "Hadhrat 
Basheer bin Khasaasiyyah SKagfti Pledges Allegiance to the Fundamentals of Islaam as well as 
Sadaqah and Jihaad". 

(6) Under the heading "Pledging Allegiance to undertake the Hijrah" and the subheading "Hadhrat 
Ya'la bin Munyah SaJBS®* pledges allegiance on Behalf of his father". 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-1) 265 

Pledging to Die 

Hadhrat S a la ma bin Akwa &$8&® Pledges to Die 
(In Defence of Islaam) 

Hadhrat Salama bin Akwa JSS^© narrates that after he pledged allegiance to 
Rasulullaah ^§, he took shade beneath a tree. When there were fewer people, 
Rasulullaah W®!t said to him, "O Ibn Akwa! Are you not going to pledge 
allegiance?" When he submitted that he had already pledged allegiance, 
Rasulullaah (JS§| told him to do so again and he pledged allegiance for the 
second time. The narrator says that when he asked Hadhrat Salama ©!*©© what 
it was that they pledged, he replied, "Death." (1) 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zaid SS3®S» reports that during the Battle of Harra (in 63 
A.H.), someone came to him and said that people were pledging to die at the 
hands of Ibn Handhala. Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zaid S!3®e> said, "None may 
pledge this after the demise of Rasulullaah &!$$■•." * 2 ' 

Pledging to Listen and to Obey 

The Statement of Hadhrat Uhaadah bin Saamit 
SJsSSSBgJ in this Regard 

Hadhrat Ubaydullaah bin Raafi W&&9 narrates that when a few containers of 
wine arrived from somewhere, Hadhrat Ubaadah bin Saamit St!2s®s> tore them 
open. He then said, "We pledged to Rasulullaah i£jffi%t that we would always listen 
and obey (instructions) whether our hearts are willing or not. We also pledged 
that we would spend during times of hardship and ease and that we would 
command good and forbid evil. In addition to this, we pledged that we would 
speak for (the pleasure of) Allaah and will not fear the criticism of a critic when it 
concerns (the Deen/commands of) Allaah. We also pledged that we would assist 
Rasulullaah ^SSIS and that when he came to Yathrib, we would protect him as we 
protect ourselves, our wives and our children. We were promised Jannah in 
exchange. This was the pledge of allegiance that we made with Rasulullaah 
aSE " (3) 



Hadhrat Ubaadah SBjsSSsS is also reported to have said, "We pledged a wartime 
pledge at the hands of Rasulullaah W0& that we will listen and obey instructions 
regardless of whether we were in difficulty or ease, whether we were willing or 
unwilling and even if others were given preference over us. We also pledged that 
we would not wrestle power from those in authority, that we would speak the 
truth wherever we are and that we would not fear the criticism of a critic when it 
concerns (the Deen/commands of) Allaah . " (4) 

(1) Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.415). Muslim, Tirmidhi and Nasa'ee have also reported the Hadith as quoted by 
Allaama Ayni (Vol.7 Pg.16). Bayhaqi (Vol.8 Pg.146) and ibn Sa'd (Vol.4 Pg.39) have also reported it. 

(2) Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.415) as well as Muslim as mentioned by Allaama Ayni (Vol.7 Pg.15) and Bayhaqi 
(Vol.8 Pg.146). 

(3) Bayhaqi. 

(4) Ibn Is'haaq as reported in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vo).3 Pg.163). Bukhari and Muslim have also 



266 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&& (Vol-D 

Hadhrat Jareer bin Abdiilaah '<&&$&> Pledges to 
Listen, to obey and to Wish Well for all Muslims 

Ibn jareer narrates from Hadhrat Jareer S8S3& that he pledged to listen, to obey 
and wish well for all Muslims. Ibn Jareer also, reports another narration from 
Hadhrat Jareer 5S3SjS®J» in which he states that he approached Rasulullaah && 
and said, "May I pledge at your hands that I shall listen and obey whether I am 
willing or unwilling?" Rasulullaah W8J& asked, "Do you have the ability to do this? 
Refrain from saying so and say rather that you will do so to the best of your 
ability." Hadhrat Jareer JSflSGs!* then added, "To the best of my ability." 
Rasulullaah t^i accepted the pledge together with the pledge to wish well for 
all Muslims. (1) 

Abu Dawood and Nasa'ee narrate # from Hadhrat Jareer SS^®« that he pledged to 
listen, to obey and wish well for all Muslims. Therefore, whenever Hadhrat Jareer 
3S8^@» bought or sold anything, he would say to the opposite person, "The thing 
I have taken from you is more beloved to me than that which I have given to you, 
so decide (whether you want to go ahead with the transaction or not)." (2) 

Hadhrat Utba bin Abd '&$$£> pledges allegiance 

and Rasulullaah &£>s Advice to Add the words "To 

the best of my Ability" 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar JDiSSsSs narrates that whenever the Sahabah $&ii2&B 

pledged to listen and to obey at the hands of Rasulullaah @§§, he told them to 

add the clause: "To the best of my ability." (3) 

Hadhrat Utba bin Abd }gJ!3Sa!ȣ narrates that he pledged allegiance to Rasulullaah 

2sJ!$| seven times. On five occasions he pledged obedience and on two he 

pledged his love. ^ 

Hadhrat Anas ^3J3®» says, "With these very hands did I pledged allegiance to 

Rasulullaah fjjj$i$ that I would listen and obey to the best of my ability." (5) 

Women pledged Their allegiance 

The Ansaar Women pledged their allegiance when 
Rasulullaah &$£ Arrived in Madinah 

Hadhrat Ummu Atiyya W&f&v narrates all the women of the Ansaar gathered in a 
house when Rasulullaah (Jl^f arrived in Madinah. Rasulullaah {Ji$l sent Hadhrat 
Umar SS2®>® to them and standing at the door of the house, he greeted the 
women. After they had replied to his greeting he said, "I am the envoy of 

reported a similar narration mentioned in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.4 Pg.3). 

(1) Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.82). 

(2) Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.3 Pg.237). 

(3) Bukhari. Nasa'ee and Ibn Jareer have reported similar narrations as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal 
(Vol.1 Pg.83). 

(4) Baghawi, Abu Nu'aym and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal Q/ol 1 Pg.83). 

(5) Ibn Jareer (Vol. Pg.) as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 1 Pg.82). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$&$ (Vol- 1) 267 



Rasulullaah {aa» to you." They responded by saying, "Welcome to Rasulullaah 
(J^i and to the envoy of Rasulullaah £i$|." He then asked them, "Do you pledge 
that you will not ascribe any partner to Allaah, will not steal, will not fornicate, 
will not kill your children, will not come forth with slander which you fabricate 
before your hands and legs (by claiming that another man's child is her 
husband's) and that you will not disobey (Rasulullaah fJjSiSI) in any good (deed 
that he commands you to do)?" 

When the women confirmed that they agreed to the terms, Hadhrat Umar SSSSsSs 
stretched out his hand from outside the door and all the women stretched out 
their hands from inside (without any of their hands touching Hadhrat Umar 
&H3H&&). He then said, "O Allaah! You be Witness." Hadhrat Umar JsS2®« then 
instructed the women to take even menstruating women and girls who have just 
come of age for the Eid salaah (although they would not participate in the salaah, 
they would increase the numbers of the Muslims). He also forbade them from 
following funeral processions and informed them that the Jumu'ah salaah was 
not compulsory for them. The narrator says that when he asked his teacher for 
the meaning of 'slander' and the phrase 'that they will not disobey you in any 
good'* 1 ', he replied that it referred to screaming and waling when a person 
died. (2) 

Hadhrat Salma bint Qais W&$Ot> was one of Rasulullaah ®i?'s maternal aunts. 
She belonged to the Banu Adi bin Najjaar tribe and had performed salaah facing 
both Qiblas behind Rasulullaah 0&i|. She narrates that together with a few ladies 
from the Ansaar, she approached Rasulullaah gjjiSIr and pledged allegiance to 
him. Rasulullaah {J^i stipulated that they should not ascribe any partner to 
Allaah, not steal, not fornicate, not kill their children, not come forth with 
slander which they fabricate before their hands and legs (by claiming that 
another man's child is their husbands') and not disobey him (Rasulullaah &§§!) in 
any good (deed that he commands them to do). Rasulullaah &|§i» also added that 
they should not deceive their husbands. 

Hadhrat Salma SSSg^S says that they then pledged allegiance to these factors 
and as they were returning, she asked one of the ladies to ask Rasulullaah {Jg$$| 
what he meant when he said that they should not deceive their husbands. When 
the lady asked, Rasulullaah &&& replied, "That the wife takes her husband's 
money and gives it to another person (against the husband's wishes)." * 3 ' 
Hadhrat Uqayla bint Ateeq bin Haarith SPSSS* narrates that she, her mother 
Qareera, bint Haarith Utwaariyyah and other women from the Muhaajireen 
approached Rasulullaah QUffl&i to pledge their allegiance as he was pitching his 
tent at Abtah. Rasulullaah ®Hr asked them to pledge that they would not ascribe 
partners to Allaah together with all the other clauses mentioned in the verse of 

(1) As referred to in verse 12 of Surah Mumtahina (Surah 60). 

(2) Abu Dawood has also narrated it in brief as quoted in Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol. 6 Pg.38). Bukhari 
has also narrated it briefly and Abd bin Humayd in detail as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 
Pg81). 

(3) Ahmad, Abu Ya'la, Tabraani with an authentic chain of narrators as confirmed by Haythami (Vol.6 
Pg.38). 



268 ™ E LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&!%®&2> (Vol-1) 

the Qur'aan (,) . After accepting all the conditions, the ladies stretched out their 
hands to affirm the pledge. Rasulullaah {H$| said to them, "I cannot touch the 
hands of strange women." Rasulullaah (Ji$| then sought Allaah's forgiveness for 
the ladies. This was their Bay'ah. * 2 ' . 

Hadhrat Umaymah bint Ruqayqah W&I&& naryates that she approached 
Rasulullaah (JiSf together with a few other ladies to pledge their allegiance. They 
said, "O Rasulullaah (1S$§! We pledge that we shall not ascribe any partner to 
Allaah, not steal, not fornicate, not kill our children, not come forth with slander 
which we fabricate before our hands and legs (by claiming that another man's 
child is our husbands') and that we shall not disobey you in any good (deed that 
you command us to do)." Rasulullaah {£ISI added, "To the best of your ability and 
according to your capability." The ladies commented, "Allaah and His Rasool (£S5ir 
are more merciful towards us than we are to ourselves. Come (give us you hand), 
O Rasulullaah ®i?. Let us now pledge our allegiance to you." Rasulullaah {Ji§| 
said, "I cannot shake the hand of a woman. What I say to a hundred women is 
the same as I say to one woman (their pledge is confirmed merely by 
speech). " (3) 

Hadhrat Umayma bint Ruqayqa W&®$£> Pledges 
Allegiance to Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr Wi%i&t> narrates that Hadhrat Umayma bint Ruqayqa 
W88&9 approached to pledge her allegiance to Islaam. Rasulullaah (S^ said to 
her, "I require you to pledge that you shall not ascribe any partner to Allaah, not 
steal, not fornicate, not kill your child, not come forth with slander which you 
fabricate -before your two hands and legs, not wail at the death of anyone and not 
to make a spectacle of yourself as women made spectacles of themselves during 
the first Period of Ignorance." * 4 ' 

Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba W&M& Pledges 

Allegiance 

Hadhrat Aa'isha W88&& narrates that Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba bin Rabee'ah 
Wsti®0 came to pledge her allegiance at the hand of Rasulullaah {£i$|. 
Rasulullaah (Ji$| asked her to pledge that she would not ascribe partners to 
Allaah, will not fornicate and added all the other clauses mentioned in the verse 
of the Qur'aan (5) Out of modesty, Hadhrat Faatima bin Utba Eglas®© placed her 
hand on her head, an act that impressed Rasulullaah %sS$Ht. Hadhrat Aa'isha 
W&8&& then said to her, "Confirm this, O woman because I swear by Allaah that 
all of us pledged this." She responded by saying, "In that case, I also accept." 

(1) Verse 12 of Surah Mumtahina (Surah 60). 

(2) Tabraani in his Kabeer and Awsat. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.39) has commented on the chain of 
narrators. 

(3) Maalik, Ibn Hibbaan, Tirmidhi and others as. mentioned in isaaba (Vol.4 Pg.240). 

(4) Tabraani as appears in Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol.6 Pg.37). It is also narrated by Nasa'ee, Ibn Maajah, 
Ahmad and Tirmidhi as mentioned in the Tafseeroi Ibn Katheer (Vol.4 Pg.352). 

(5) Verse 12 of Surah Mumtahina (Surah 60). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&m2> (Vol-1) 269 

Rasulullaah W$& then accepted her pledge of allegiance in conformance with the 
verse of the Qur'aan. ^ 

Hadhrat Azza bint Khaabil tS£s@*g> pledges 
Allegiance to Rasulullaah {^H 

Hadhrat Azza bint Khaabil W&i&& approached Rasulullaah ij^i and pledged that 
she would not fornicate, would not steal and would not bury her children alive 
neither in public nor in secrecy. Hadhrat Azza Bgltf®e> says, "I knew well what 
Rasulullaah &22$i meant by publicly burying children alive but I did not ask 
Rasulullaah {JiH what burying them alive in secrecy meant, neither did he 
inform me. However, it occurred to me that it refers to spoiling children. By 
Allaah! I shall never spoil any child of mine." ^ 

Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba Sg^@jg) Pledges Allegiance 

Along with her Sister Hadhrat Hind WZ@$£> who was 

the Wife of Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 3gK5@& 
Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba bin Rabee'ah bin Abdish Shams WZ®$& narrates that 
Hadhrat Abu Hudhayfa bin Utba &&&6 took her along with (her sister) Hadhrat 
Hind bint Utba tSgK3j@« to Rasulullaah W0& so that they could pledge their 
allegiance to him. Rasulullaah {SUSi- took their promises and made some 
conditions with them. Hadhrat Faatima bint Utba Spies' they asked Rasulullaah 
{ScSf , "O my cousin! Have you noticed any of these evils or deficiencies in your 
people?" Hadhrat Abu Hudhayfa *&&&?> said, "Be quiet and make your pledge! It 
is with these words and conditions that the pledge of allegiance is made. 
Hadhrat Hind l2SI2®ei then said, "I shall not pledge to abstain from stealing 
because I steal from my husband." At this, both she and Rasulullaah {£!§$!• held 
back until Rasulullaah SisSI sent someone to (her husband) Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 
S31£i@s> to get him to permit her (to take from his possessions without seeking 
permission). Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan 5£5)«@sei permitted her to take from the wet 
things (referring to foodstuffs) but did not permit her to take from the dry things 
(referring to non-food items such as money and clothing) or from luxuries. 
The two ladies then pledged allegiance to Rasulullaah (Jf^. Hadhrat Faatima 
bint Utba IS@©j®ei then said to Rasulullaah $M, "There was not a tent that I 
hated more than your tent and I wished that Allaah would destroy it and 
everything in it. However, I now wish more for your tent than any other that 
Allaah should make it prosperous and full of blessings. Rasulullaah &$£ commented, 
"This ought to be because I swear by Allaah that none of you can have true Imaan 
until I am more beloved to him than even his children and parents." * 3 ' 
Hadhrat Aa'isha SgaS&tg narrates that when Hadhrat Hind bint Utba ts@^a»& came 
to pledge allegiance to Rasulullaah 0$i, he looked at her hands and said, "Go 



(1) Ahmad and Bazzaar as mentioned in Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol.6 Pg.37). 

(2) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.39) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(3) Haakim (Vol.2 Pg.486). 



270 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $3lXmt> (Vol-1) 

and transform your hands .(by applying henna)." After she had applied henna, she 
returned to Rasulullaah QMOr who said to her, "I require you to pledge that you 
will not ascribe any partners to Allaah, will not steal and will not commit 
adultery." She interrupted by saying, "Does a free woman ever commit adultery?" 
Rasulullaah &HS continued, "And that you wiH not kill your children for fear of 
poverty." 

'You have not left us any child to kill," she interjected (referring to her children 
who were killed while fighting against the Muslims). She then pledged allegiance 
and with reference to the two gold bangles she wore on her hand, she asked, 
"What do you say about these two bangles?" Rasulullaah %&§£ replied, "These are 
two coals from the fire of Jahannam (when zakaah is not paid for them)." (1) 
Another famous narration (2) states that when Rasulullaah £S$1> said, "That you 
do not commit adultery", she said, "Does a free woman ever commit adultery?" 
and when Rasulullaah &S$S said, ""And that you will not kill your children for fear 
of poverty", she said, "We grew them up as children and then you killed them 
when they were big." 

According to yet another narration* 3 ', when Rasulullaah {£!&£• said, "That you do 
not commit adultery", she said, "Does a free woman ever commit adultery?" and 
when Rasulullaah && said, "And that you will not kill your children for fear of 
poverty", she said, "It is you who killed them". A similar narration quotes her as 
saying, "Have you left us any children after the Battle of Badr?" 
Another narration states at the beginning that Hadhrat Hind W3®&> said (to her 
husband Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan W03&9), "I wish to pledge allegiance to 
Muhammad {2SH?." Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan *£8«@>9 said, "But I have noticed that 
you have always been rejecting what he says." She replied, "By Allaah! That it 
true. However, I swear by Allaah that before this night I have never seen Allah 
being worshipped in this Masjid as He deserves to be worshipped. By Allaah! The 
Muslims spent the entire night performing salaah standing, bowing down and 
prostrating." Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan &&$&*> said, "But you have done many things 
(against Islaam). Take someone from your people along with you." 
Hadhrat Hind ts©5$aSs> then went to Hadhrat Umar W&8&&, who accompanied her 
and sought permission from Rasulullaah W^ to allow her in. She entered the 
presence of Rasulullaah W$£ wearing a veil. The episode of her Bay'ah then 
followed. This narration of Imaam Sha'bi *$%&&&> reports that when Hadhrat 
Hind W&8&s> admitted that she had squandered a great deal of Hadhrat Abu 
Sufyaan JgD^BSs's money, he said, "Whatever she has taken from my wealth is 
permissible (I have pardoned her)." ^ 

Ibn Jareer has reported the same narration from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 
W&H&& in great detail. This narration states that Hadhrat Abu Sufyaan $£Sj*@>» 
said to Hadhrat Hind W&8&&, "I permit f or you whatever wealth you have taken 

(1) Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.37) has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Abi Haatim has 
also narrated it in brief as quoted in the Tafseerof Ibn Katheer (Vol.4 Pg.354). 

(2) Isaaba (Vol.4 Pg.425) 

(3) Ibn Sa'd from Imaam Sha'bi 3i2ulili«5*>. 

(4) Ibn Mandah. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&&& (Vol- 1) 271 



from me whether it is used up or still existing." When Rasulullaah &$$« heard 
this, he recognised who she was. He then smiled and called her. Hadhrat Hind 
SglSS&S grabbed hold of Rasulullaah &^'s hand and pleaded her case. When 
Rasulullaah {JiH asked her if she was indeed Hind, she said, "May Allaah forgive 
what has happened in the past" 

Rasulullaah <^$M then turned away from her (towards the other women present) 
and (continuing with the formal pledge of allegiance), he said, "And will not 
commit adultery." Hadhrat Hind W&&& said, "Does a respectable woman ever 
commit adultery?" Rasulullaah <!&$% replied, "By Allaah! A respectable woman 
never commits adultery." Continuing further, Rasulullaah {Ja^i said, "And will not 
kill their children. 1 ' Hadhrat Hind W^^t> again interrupted by saying, "It was you 
who killed them during the Battle of Badr. However, you and they know more." 
Rasulullaah W£jfe completed the Bay'ah by reciting the rest of the verse, "That 
they will not kill their children, that they will not come forth with slander which 
they fabricate before their hands and legs and that they will not disobey you (O 
Rasulullaah £$si) in any good." 

The narrator says that here Rasulullaah di$i forbade the women from wailing 
when someone died because during the Period of Ignorance, (when wailing) 
women used to tear their clothes, scratch their faces, pull their hair and pray for 
(their own) destruction and death. * 1 ' 

Hadhrat Usayd bin Abi Usayd Barraad narrates from one of the women who 
pledged allegiance to Rasulullaah W$Z that amongst the things that Rasulullaah 
{|§5S| required them to pledge was that they would not disobey him in any good, 
would not scratch their faces, would not dishevel their hair, would not tear their 
collars and would not pray for destruction. * 2 ' 

The Bay'ah of Children who Had Not Yet 

Come of Age 

Hadhrat Hasan, Husayn, Abdullaah bin Abbaas 
and Abdullaah bin Ja'far %&&$£> Pledge Their 

Allegiance 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ali bin Husayn 3GSuuli£%S narrates that Rasulullaah l^i 
accepted the pledge of allegiance from Hadhrat Hasan, Husayn, Abdullaah bin 
Abbaas and Abdullaah bin Ja'far i^pj®* while they were all still youngsters who 
had not yet grown beards or come of age. Rasulullaah £§SI did not accept the 
pledge of allegiance from any other children besides those of his family. ^ 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr W&&& and 
Abdullaah bin Ja'far 'i&\%$$& pledge their allegiance 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Zubayr W&8&> and Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ja'far 3£B3®» 

(1) The Tafseeroi Ibn Katheer (Vol.4 Pg.353). 

(2) Ibn Abi Haatim as quoted in the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer (Vol. 4 Pg.355). 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.40) has commented on the chain of narrators? 



272 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fS9ji^!Sf» (Vol-1) 

have stated that they went to pledge their allegiance to Rasulullaah $$$> when 
they were only seven years of age. When Rasulullaah &SSI saw the two of them, 
he smiled, stretched out his hands and accepted their pledges. ^ 
Hadhrat Hirmaas bin Ziyaad S82i®?> narrates that he was still a child when he 
stretched out his hands to pledge his allegiance to Rasulullaah ®£i, but 
Rasulullaah {S§Hi§ did not accept the pledge from him. (2) 

The Sahabah $&&&£ Pledge their Allegiance 
at the Hands of the Khulafaa &&$& 

The Sahabah WSffl&& pledge their Allegiance at the 
Hand of Hadhrat Abu Bakr m%®& 

Hadhrat Muntashir narrates from his father that when the Sahabah '&&!&& 
pledged their allegiance at the hands of Rasulullaah Qffl&it, he stipulated that their 
pledges be solely for the pleasure of Allaah and that they pledge to always obey 
the truth. This was after the revelation of the verse: 

(V :£jU1 ij^-.) ^<UJI Oy&i U3j dUyyLf yi JJI o\f 
"Indeed those who pledge their allegiance to you (O Rasulullaah &$jg) 
they really pledge their allegiance to Allaah." {Surah Fatah, verse 10} 
When Hadhrat Abu Bakr S!«@S> took the pledge of allegiance from people, he 
said to them, "You are obliged to honour your pledge to me as long as I am 
obedient to Allaah." Thereafter, the pledge of allegiance that Hadhrat Umar 
&&$&?> and those after him took from people was like the pledge that 
Rasulullaah {£$^S took from people. * 3 ' 

Hadhrat Ibn Afeef SIRS®* narrates that he saw Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5UEs@9 accepting 
the pledge of allegiance form people after the demise of Rasulullaah Wife. When 
a group of Sah-abah $£Pi©si would gather before him, he would say to them, "Do 
you pledge at my hands that you would listen and obey Allaah, His Book and 
then the Ameer?" Only when they agreed to this did Hadhrat Abu Bakr *£»a®« 
accept their pledges of allegiance. 

Hadhrat ibn Afeef 2£»i3@e> says further, "It was when I came of age or some time 
afterwards that I used to stand by Hadhrat Abu Bakr SS3®?) and memorised the 
conditions he made with people (when they came to pledge their allegiance). I 
then approached and started saying, 'I pledge at your hands that I will listen and 
obey Allaah, His Book and then the Ameer.' He hen looked at me from top to 
bottom. I guessed that I must have impressed him. (He then accepted my pledge 
of allegiance) May Allaah shower His mer cy on him." ' 4 ' 

(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 9 Pg.285) has commented on the chain of narrators. Abu Nu'aym and Ibn 
Asaakir have also reported the Hadith from Hadhrat Urwa SSaJsSS, who states that Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Zubayr JS!3i®*> and Abdullaah bin Ja'far WS%&t> both pledged their allegiance to 
Rasulullaah ISS- when they were only seven years of age. This is also mentioned in Muntakhab 
(Vol.5 Pg.227). 

(2) Nasa'ee as quoted in Jam'ul Fawaa'id (Vol.1 Pg.14). 

(3) Ibn Shaaheen as quoted in Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.458). 

(4) Bayhaqi (Vol.8 Pg.146). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W2&J&® (Vol-D 273 

Hadhrat Abu Safar JSSa®!« narrates that whenever Hadhrat Abu Bakr $£$%$&?> sent 
an army to Shaam, he would make them pledge that they would fight with spears 
(if need be) and remain steadfast if they encountered a plague. ^ 

The Sahabah $&&&% Pledge their Allegiance at the 
Hand of Hadhrat Umar ^3Ja®e5 

Hssadhrat Anas 5S3!2s@s> narrates, "I arrived in Madinah after Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
*&&&£ had passed away and Hadhrat Umar JiPiiSfe' had assumed the post of 
Khalifah. I said to Hadhrat Umar !&$%!&», 'Raise your hand so that I may pledge at 
your hand what 1 pledged at the hand of your companion i.e. Abu Bakr S3!3@g>, 
that 1 will always listen and obey instruction to the best of my ability." * 2 ' 
Hadhrat Umayr bin Atiyya Laythi SSh@»s> narrates that he went to Hadhrat Umar 
IgS&i&t) and said, "O Ameerul Mu'mineen! Raise your hand - may Allaah always 
keep it high - so that I may pledge my allegiance at your hand in the manner 
shown by Allaah and His Rasool (Ssl^S." Hadhrat Umar $£$£&%> smiled and raised 
his hand saying, "This pledge gives us some rights over you and gives you some 
rights over us." 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ukaym 5S8S®9 says, "With these hands did I pledge to 
Hadhrat Umar JgS2®S that 1 would always listen to and obey him." * 3 ' 

A Delegation from Harm aa pledge allegiance at the 
Hand of Hadhrat Uthmaan Wi%$$& 

Saleem Abu Aamir Wffl&2> narrates that a delegation from Hamraa came to 
Hadhrat Uthmaan 3St.l3®sS and pledged that they would not ascribe anything as 
partner to Allaah, would establish salaah, pay zakaah, fast during Ramadhaan/ 
and forsake the festivities of the fire-worshippers. Hadhrat Uthmaan &!$&?> only 
accepted their pledge of allegiance after they had agreed to all these clauses. (4) 

The Muslims pledge their allegiance to the 
Khilaafah of Hadhrat Uthmaan Wfflffi 

Hadhrat Miswar bin Makhrama SSS&fe' narrates that the group (of six Sahabah 
$3l3@s>) that Hadhrat Umar S52®& had appointed (to select a Khalifah from 
amongst themselves) had gathered and were consulting with each other when 
Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf *SH«@»g> said to them, "I do not want to compete 
with you to become the Khalifah. However, if you agree, I shall select one of you 
on your behalf. The others granted him this privilege, after which the attention of 
the people was focussed on him without anyone paying any attention to the 
others. Everyone then turned to Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf '!&&8*se> and 
presented their opinions to him. Eventually when the morning after the (final) 
night arrived, the people pledged their allegiance to Hadhrat Uthmaan JSKSSSe. 

(1) Kanzul Ummaal ' (Vol.2 Pg.323). 

(2) ibnSa'd, ibnAbi Shayba and Tayaalisi as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.181). 

(3) Ibn Sa'd as mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal ' (Vol.1 Pg.81). 

(4) Ahmad as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal ' (Vol.1 Pg.81). 



. tA'i 



274 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fH9m&l> (Vol-D 

Hadhrat Miswar JaSS38!S> says, "Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan bin Auf JSDS3&5& once 
came to me after some portion of the night had already passed and knocked at 
the door until I awoke. He then said to me, 'I see that you were sleeping 
peacefully. By Allaah! I have hardly had any sleep the entire night. Go and call 
Zubayr and Sa'd.' After I had called them and he had consulted with them, he 
called me and said, 'Call Ali.' When I had called for Hadhrat Ali i£K2®«i, Hadhrat 
Abdur Rahmaan 3&83®8 spoke to him in confidence until half the night had 
passed. When'Hadhrat Ali 3$K3©& left Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan tSXZH&i, he 
seemed hopeful (of becoming the Khalifah) but Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan 5s3!j$@» 
seemed to fear something about (appointing) Hadhrat Ali {&$&&&. Hadhrat Abdur 
Rahmaan JS82ffi!# then asked me to call Hadhrat Uthmaan 5SD3@». When I called 
him, he spoke to him in private until the Mu'adhin separated them with the Fajr 
Adhaan." 

Hadhrat Miswar W0%8&6 narrates further that after the Fajr salaah was completed, 
the group (of six Sahabah ®3!$%i&&) gathered around the pulpit. Hadhrat Abdur 
Rahmaan 3S82ffi!»» then sent for all the Muhaajireen and Ansaar who were present 
and for the leaders of all the groups that had accompanied Hadhrat Umar W&&& 
on that year's Hajj. When everyone had gathered, Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan 
JaSSffi!* recited the Shahaadah and then said, "O Ali! I have looked deeply at the 
opinions of the people and they all do not see anyone equal to Uthmaan. Please 
do not harbour anything in your heart." Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan $&&&& then 
took hold of Hadhrat Uthmatan 3S3ffil¥'s hand and said, "I pledge allegiance to 
you according to manner. shown by Allaah, His Rasool £J8S£ and the two 
Khalifahs SKSfflft after him."* Hadhrat Abdur Rahmaan *S»3ffi!» then pledged his 
allegiance to Hadhrat Uthmaan JiS3@# after which the people pledged; (first) the 
Muhaajireen, (followed by) the Ansaar, the leaders of the armed forces and then 
the Muslim public. (1) 



(1) Bukhari. Bayhaqi (Vol.8 Pg.147) has also reported a similar narration. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B£5@*g> (Vol-1) 2 75 



Chapter Three 



The Chapter Concerning the Hardships 
that Were Borne for The Pleasure of 

Allaah 



This chapter highlights how Rasuiullaah (!383£ and the Sahabah $9!3®S> endured 
hardships and difficulties, hunger and thirst to propagate the sound Deen and 
how they attached little importance to themselves when striving to elevate the 
word of Allaah 



Enduring Hardships for the Pleasure of Allaah 

The Comments of Hadhrat Miqdaad i^S^& Concerning 
the Conditions Under Which Rasuiullaah W$s was Sent 

to Propagate Islaam 

Hadhrat Nufayr narrates that they were once sitting with Hadhrat Miqdaad bin 
Aswad Ji8S@»9 when someone passed by. The person said, "Blessed are the eyes 
that saw Rasuiullaah ®i»! By Allaah! We dearly wish that we had seen what you 
saw and were present in the gatherings you were present in!" Hadhrat Nufayr 
says that he had heard the man carefully and (when Hadhrat Miqdaad iiBJSSSei 
became angry) he was surprised because the man had good words to say. 
Turning to the man, Hadhrat Miqdaad W&&& said, "What makes you people wish 
to be present at a time that Allaah made you absent from without you knowing 
\vhat would have become of you had you been present then? By Allaah! There 
were many people who were present during the time of Rasuiullaah $Mm but 
Allaah had thrown then headlong into Jahannam because they did not accept him 
and refused to believe him. Will you people rather not thank Allaah for being 
born as people who know only Allaah as your Rabb and believing in everything 
that Rasuiullaah Qf$j§ brought? (You were fortunate that) Hardships had been 
borne by people other than yourselves." 

"I swear by Allaah, that Allaah sent Rasuiullaah 0)Sj£ as a Rasul during a time that 
was more difficult was prevalent than any other time in which Allaah had sent 
Ambiyaa. It was a time when the succession of Ambiyaa had long been paused 
and when people were steeped in ignorance. People saw no religion better than 



276 7H£ UVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&$&& (Vol-1) 

idol-worship. Rasulullaah &$• arrived with a criterion (the Qur'aan) that 
differentiated between truth and falsehood and even divided father and son. The 
situation was (so heartbreaking) that a (Muslim) person whose heart was 
unlocked to be filled with Imaan had to see his father or his son or his brother 
live as a Kaafir knowing well that whoever enters Jahannam shall be destroyed. 
He was therefore unable to experience any coolness (comfort) knowing that his 
close relative was destined for Jahannam. It is about this that Allaah says in the 
Qur'aan: 

(Yi roliyUl 5JJ-) %p*\ «> UjU^J Mjj> ^-U v* LjjJ 

O our Rabb! Grant us the coolness (comfort) of our eyes from our 
spouses and children. {Surah Furqaan, verse 74}^ 

The Comments of Hadhrat Hudhayfa W&&& in this 

Regard 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ka'b Qurazi narrates that a person from Kufa once 
asked Hadhrat Hudhayfa *U!2®&, "O Abu Abdillaah! Did you people see 
Rasulullaah W®£ and associate with him?" "Yes, my dear nephew," replied 
Hadhrat Hudhayfa W@%&&. The person then asked, "What was it that you people 
used to do?" Hadhrat Hudhayfa JSDaGsS© replied, "By Allaah! We used to exert 
ourselves tremendously." The person then said, "By Allaah! Had we been in the 
time of Rasulullaah $!$$•, we would not have allowed him to walk on the earth 
but we would have carried him on our shoulders." 

Hadhrat Hudhayfa 5S3!a@» said, "My dear nephew! I swear by Allaah that I have 
been with Rasulullaah W$s during the Battle of Khandaq..." He then proceeded 
to relate the extreme fear, hunger and cold that they had to endure. A narration 
of Muslim states that Hadhrat Hudhayfa JiJts®© said to the man, "Is that what 
you would have done? I have been with Rasulullaah $$%? on the night of the 
Battle of Ahzaab when there blew an extremely fierce and icy wind." He then 
proceeded to relate the entire incident. The narration of Haakim and Bayhaqi 
states that Hadhrat Hudhayfa JsJlSiSS© said to the man, "Do not wish for that." 
Thereafter, he mentioned the details as will appear in the chapter discussing the 
fears that Rasulullaah W®£ and the Sahabah $i&@!&9 had to endure. (2) 

Rasulullaah ®if Endures Hardship and 
Difficulty when Giving Da'wah towards Allaah 

The Comments of Rasulullaah gi$g£ in this Regard 

Hadhrat Anas S3@®9 reports that Rasulullaah £Hf said, "I have been harassed 
for the sake of Allaah like none other and I have been threatened for the sake of 
Allaah like none other. Thirty consecutive days and nights would pass by without 
myself and Bilaal 3j8%@»» having enoug h for a living being to eat. All that we 

(1) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.175). Tabraani has also narrated a similar Hadith and Haythami 
(Vol. 6 Pg. 1 7) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(2) Ibn Is'haaq. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&&& (Vol-1) 277 

could get was so little that it could be hidden in the armpit of Bilaal i|3)S©8>." (1 * 

What Rasulullaah $ill said to his Uncle when he 
Thought that his Uncle would Reduce the Support 

' he Provided 

Hadhrat Aqeel bin Abi Taalib JI8»!@9 narrates that members of the Quraysh 
approached Abu Taalib and complained, "Your nephew (Rasulullaah QH$j§) comes 
to us in our homes and gatherings and tells us things that upset us. So if you feel 
that you have the ability to stop him, please do so." (Turning to his son,) Abu 
Taalib said, "O Aqeel! Would you please look for your cousin and bring him to 
me." Hadhrat Aqeel t£$%8*s?> says, "I found Rasulullaah &^ in one of Abu Taalib's 
smaller rooms. As he walked with me, he looked for shade to walk in but was 
unable to find any until he reached Abu Taalib." 

Abu Taalib said, "Dear nephew! By Allaah! You know well that I am always willing 
to obey you. Your people have come with the complaint that you visit them in 
their homes and gatherings and tell them things that upset them. Do you not 
think that you should stop this?" Raising his eyes to the sky, Rasulullaah {£S@£ 
said, "I am unable to forsake the responsibility I have been sent to fulfil just as 
any of you is unable to harness a spark of flame from the sun." Abu Taalib said 
(to the members of the Quraysh still present there), "I swear by Allaah that my 
nephew never lies. You may all return peacefully to your homes." * 2 ' 
A narration of Bayhaqi reports that Abu Taalib called for Rasulullaah (iS@£ and 
told him that the people had come to him and told him many things about what 
Rasulullaah £!$££ was doing. Addressing Rasulullaah (JjJSli, he said further, "Have 
mercy on me and on yourself and do not cast on me a burden that neither of us 
can bear. Stop telling the people things that they dislike." Hearing this, it crossed 
Rasulullaah &&&'s mind that his uncle had changed his opinions, that he would 
stop assisting him, that he would now hand him over to the people and that he 
had lost courage in supporting him. Rasulullaah &^ said, "O my uncle! Even if 
the sun were placed in my right hand and the moon in my left hand, I would not 
forsake this work (of propagation) until Allaah makes it (this Deen) dominant or I 
am destroyed in the process." After saying this, the eyes of Rasulullaah {^^ filled 
with tears and he began weeping. When Rasulullaah &^ turned to leave and 
Abu Taalib realised his firm resolve, he called out, "Dear nephew!" When 
Rasulullaah 0S$f turned to him, Abu Taalib said, "Continue with your message 
and do as you please because I swear by Allaah that I shall never desert you." (3) 



(1) Ahmad as quoted in AJ Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.47). Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibbaan have also 
reported the Hadith as mentioned in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.5 Pg.159). Ibn Maajah and Abu 
Nu'aym have also narrated it. 

(2) Tabaani in his Awsat and Kabeer. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.14) has commented on the chain of 
narrators. Bukhari has reported a similar narration in his Taareekh as quoted in AJ Bidaaya wan 
Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.42). 

(3) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.42). 



278 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B&&$ (Vol-D 

The Hardships that Rasulullaah &§ Experienced 
after the Death of his Uncle 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ja'far J£J53i85» narrates that when Abu Taalib passed away, 
a fool from amongst the fools of the Quraysh approached Rasulullaah W$& and 
threw sand at him. When Rasulullaah W$i returned home, one of his daughters 
came to wipe the sand from his face and then began weeping. He said to her, "O 
beloved daughter! Do not weep for Allaah shall protect your father." Amongst 
other things, he also said to her, "Until Abu Taalib passed away, the Quraysh 
dared not do anything unpleasant to me. Now they have started." ^ 
Hadhrat Abu Hurayra SsISSffi!* had mentioned that when Abu Taalib passed away, 
the Quraysh started treating Rasulullaah Q$S& very harshly. Rasulullaah &0t 
then said, "O my uncle! I am very quickly feeling your loss." (2) 

The Harassment that Rasulullaah &% Received 
from the Quraysh and his Response 

Hadhrat Haarith bin Haarith &l8&i&6 narrates that he once asked his father, "What 
is this gathering all about?" His father replied, "These people have gathered 
around an irreligious man from amongst them." Hadhrat Haarith WH&&& says 
that when they dismounted they saw that it was Rasulullaah IJi$f there calling 
people towards the Oneness of Allaah and towards imaan. However, they were 
rejecting what he was saying and harming him. The people eventually left him 
when half the day had passed. A lady whose neck was exposed then came to him 
with a dish full of water and a cloth. Taking water from the dish, Rasulullaah 
&§Si drank some and then made wudhu. He then raised his head and said, "Dear 
daughter! Wear a scarf around you neck and do not fear for your father." 
Hadhrat Haarith &&&$ says that when they asked who the lady was, people 
informed them that she was Zaynab $&&!&&, the daughter of Rasulullaah 

Hadhrat Muneeb Azdi JsSSffiS© narrates that during the Period of Ignorance he 
saw Rasulullaah (JiSif saying to the people, "O people! Say 'Laa ilaaha Illallaah' 
and you will be successful." However, some people spat on his face, some threw 
sand at him and others swore him. This continued until midday when a girl 
would come to him with a dish of water. He then washed his face and hands and 
would say to her, "O beloved daughter! Do not fear that your father will ever be 
killed suddenly or humiliated." Hadhrat Muneeb isSSiSSei says that when he asked 
some people who the girl was, they informed him that it was Rasulullaah (H^i's 
daughter Zaynab &%!&&. He also adds that she was a very pretty girl. (4) 
Hadhrat Urwa !§X%@% narrates that he once asked Hadhrat Abul Aas i!i3!3(@# about 
the worst thing that the Mushrikeen did to Rasulullaah {$!$£. He said, "When 
Rasulullaah gjgjj was once performing s alaah in the Hateem of the Kabah, Uqba 

(1) Bayhaqi as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.134). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Dalaa'il Hilya (Vol.3 Pg.134). 

(3) Tabraani, narrating from reliable sources as confirmed by Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.21). 

(4) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.21 ) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH Wm&&> (Vol-D 279 

bin Abi Mu'eet came and placed a cloth around the neck of Rasulullaah ({§&£. He 
then started throttling Rasulullaah &tt very severely. Hadhrat Abu Bakr SSSSS® 
then arrived and grabbing Uqba by the shoulders, pushed him away from 
Rasulullaah WS&. Hadhrat Abu Bakr S)(3®» then recited the following verse of 
the Qur'aan-. / 

(ta -tfyjl hy) V»*0 & c~**^ j£ *t* Mj *JU1 ^j Jyy jl ^j qjlaut j} 
"Will you kill a man for saying, 'Allaah is my Rabb', when he has 
brought the truth to you from your Rabb?" {Surah Mu'min, verse 28}' ^ 
Hadhrat Amr bin Al Aas JsSjs®!* narrates that he had never seen the Quraysh try 
to assassinate Rasulullaah <£§§! except on one occasion when a group of them 
were sitting together and discussing while Rasulullaah {SaSH was performing 
salaah near the Maqaam of Ibraheem #§&&. Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet then stood 
before Rasulullaah {H$§f and wrapping his shawl around the Rasulullaah ^^'s 
neck, he pulled it so hard (throttled Rasulullaah gg&g) that Rasulullaah W&£ fell 
to his knees. The people started shouting and thought that Rasulullaah &£ had 
been killed. Hadhrat Abu Bakr JgDS®* came running and from the back he 
grabbed hold of Rasulullaah Q0&& under his armpits. He then said, "Will you kill a 
man for saying, 'Allaah is my Rabb'." 

When the people had left Rasulullaah &$£, he stood up and continued 
performing salaah. After completing his salaah," he passed by the group of 
Quraysh as they sat in the shade of the Kabah. He said to them, "O assembly of 
Quraysh! I swear by the Being Who controls the life of Muhammad that I have 
been sent to slaughter you." As he spoke, Rasulullaah £f$$ passed his finger 
across his throat as an indication. Abu Jahal said to Rasulullaah Qffl§&, 'You 
have never been one to make foolish statements." Rasulullaah &$• said to 
him, 'You are also amongst them (those who shall be killed)." (2) 
Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr SJl^SSsi narrates that he once asked Hadhrat Abdullaah 
bin Amr &s&9, "In venting their enmity, what was the worst that you saw the 
Quraysh do to harm Rasulullaah (JS^i?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr &&!&& said 
that he was once with a group of leaders from the Quraysh who had gathered in 
the Hateem. They were saying to each other, "We have never had to tolerate so 
much as we have tolerated from this man (Rasulullaah Qfffl&r)] He has made fools 
of our intelligent people, insulted our forefathers, found fault with our 
religion, disunited our people and abused our gods. We have tolerated him to 
a very great extent." 

As they were speaking words like this, Rasulullaah (JiSi arrived and walked up to 
the Black Stone. He then passed by the gathering while performing Tawaaf of the 
Kabah. As he passed by them, they poked fun at him with the things they said. 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr JSU^SS* says, "I noticed from the face of Rasulullaah 
(ii8^ that he felt offended. However, wh en he passed by them the second time, 

(1) Bukhari, as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.46). 

(2) Ibn Abi Shayba as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.2 Pg.327). Abu Ya'la and Tabraani have also 
narrated a similar report but Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.16) has commented on the chain of narrators. 
Abu Nu'aym has also reported it in Dalaa'H (Pg.67). 



280 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH fHSmSt9 (Vol-1) 

they again poked fun at him and I again noticed that he felt offended. Yet again, 
he continued (without saying anything). However, when they repeated 
themselves the third time, he said to them, "Will you not listen, O assembly of 
Quraysh? I swear by the Being Who controls the life of Muhammad that I have 
come to slaughter you.' This statement took such a grip on their hearts that each 
one of them was stunned motionless. In fact, even the person who had been 
most harsh towards Rasulullaah &$& just a moment before, meekly uttered the 
best words that he could muster when he said, 'O Abul Qaasim! Do proceed in 
peace. By Allaah! You have never been one to make foolish statements.' 
Rasulullaah &$% then left them." 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr t®&®% says that he was again with them the 
following day when they gathered in the Hateem. They said to each other, "You 
have mentioned the hardships you have given him and the problems he has given 
us but when (in reply) he told you something you did not like, you left him alone 
(without doing anything. Something ought to be done)." Rasulullaah (Sfil arrived 
as they were busy discussing and they all confronted him together. They 
surrounded him and, stating everything they had heard about what he said 
concerning their gods and religion, they asked him whether it was he who had 
levelled these insults. Rasulullaah gjJSIJr replied, "It was certainly I who said this." 
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Amr JeSS®© continues, "I then saw one of them grab hold 
of Rasulullaah ^§'s collar. Hadhrat Abu Bakr i£ftS@« stood up in defence of 
Rasulullaah {^i and was in tears when he said, "Will you kill a man for saying, 
'Allaah is my Rabb?' They then left Rasulullaah &0- alone. This was the worst 
that I had seen the Quraysh behave against Rasulullaah (Jiil."}' 1 ' 
Some people once asked Hadhrat Asmaa bint Abi Bakr W&8*&> what was worst 
she had seen the Mushrikeen do to Rasulullaah {£!$#.. She replied by saying, "The 
Mushrikeen used to sit in the Masjidul Haraam to discuss Rasulullaah (ScSi and 
what he had to say about their gods. As they were doing this one day, 
Rasulullaah Q&SUr arrived and they all attacked him. The shouts reached my father 
Abu Bakr as the people called out, 'Help your friend!'. As my father left us (I can 
still clearly recall that) his hair had four locks and he was saying: 

j*s*tj yA «^i*Ji^ ^s t\sr jjj 4JJ1 ^j jyj o' y*j oys&f 

'Will you kill a man for saying, 'Allaah is my Rabb', when he has brought 
the truth to you from your Rabb?' {Surah Mu'min, verse 28} (2) 
The mob then left Rasulullaah {j|$i and turned on Abu Bakr W03&?>. When he 
returned to us, (he was beaten so badly that) merely touching the locks of his 
hair would cause it to fall off. However, he was saying, 'You are most Blessed, O 
the Possessor of Majesty and Honour.'" ^ 
Hadhrat Anas bin Maalik JS5!®S!« narrates that the Mushrikeen once beat 

(1) Ahmad. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.16) has commented on the chain of narrators. Bayhaqi has narrated a 
similar Hadith as quoted in AIBidaaya wan Nihaaya{yo\.S Pg.46). 

(2) Bukhari, as quoted in AIBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol. 3 Pg.46). 

(3) Abu Ya'la. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.17) has commented on the chain of narrators. Ibn Abdil Birr has 
reported a similar narration in his Isti'aab (Vol.2 Pg.247) as did Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.31). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $®j£%i&0 (Vol-1) 281 

Rasulullaah &£ up so badly that he fell unconscious. Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3il!»i@85 
then said, "Shame on you people! Will you kill a man for saying, 'Allaah is my 
Rabb'?" When someone asked who he was, the others replied, "He is the madman 
Abu Bakr." ''' Another narration* 2 * states that at this juncture, the people left 
Rasulullaah Qf&Uii? and attacked Hatdhrat Abu Bakr 5£ll3@e>. 

The Comment of Hadhrat Ali Wffig£ Concerning 
the Courage of Hadhrat Abu Bakr SJS@^5 to Deliver 

a Sermon 

While addressing the people, Hadhrat Ali *H!ia@&' once asked, "O people! Who is 
the most courageous person?" "You are, O Ameerul Mu'mineen," the people 
submitted. Hadhrat Ali JgD^S^ then said, "Although I have defeated everyone who 
has confronted me, the most courageous person is Abu Bakr &&6£&. We had 
constructed a shed for Rasulullaah W®£ (during the Battle of Badr) and then 
asked who would remain with Rasulullaah *&$$* so that the Mushrikeen do not 
attack him. By Allaah! Whenever a Mushrik even drew close to us Abu Bakr 
$§$$&9 was there with his sword drawn near the head side of Rasulullaah {JSSS. 
He attacked anyone who dared attack Rasulullaah (H^S. He was certainly the 
bravest of people." 

Hadhrat Ali S5!*®© continues, "I have seen the Quraysh grab hold of Rasulullaah 
OsHM with one person treating him angrily and another shaking him while they 
said to hiim, 'Do you make all the gods into one?!' By Allaah! None of us dared go 
close to Rasulullaah &$%• (for fear of being beaten) besides Abu Bakr S31S@&'. He 
would hit one person, wrestle with another and shake someone else as he said, 
'Shame on you people! Will you kill a man for saying, 'Allaah is my Rabb'?'" 
Hadhrat Ali ©)^@»9 then lifted the shawl he was wearing and wept until his beard 
became wet. He then said, "I ask you to swear by Allaah whether the Mu'min' 3 ' 
from the court of Fir'oun was better or Abu Bakr JitlSSS®." When everyone 
remained silent, Hadhrat Ali S»®S!» said, "By Allaah! A moment of the life of Abu 
Bakr JSBSSSei is better than the earth full of people like the Mu'min from the court 
of Fir'oun. While the Mu'min from the court of Fir'oun concealed his Imaan, Abu 
Bakr JISS®9 made his Imaan public." (4) 

Some leaders of the Quraysh throw the Entrails of 

an Animal on Rasulullaah '$£¥? and Abul Bakhtari 

takes Revenge on his Behalf 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood W0&&9 narrates that while Rasulullaah (JSSi was 
performing salaah in the Masjidul Haraam, seven members of the Quraysh were 

(l)AbuYa'la. 

(2) Bazzaar from reliable sources as confirmed by Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.17). Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.67) has 
also narrated the Hadith. 

(3) The Mu'min referred to in verses 28 to 45 of Surah Mu'min (Surah 40). 

(4) Bazzaar as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.271). Haythami (Vol. 9 Pg.47) has 
commented on the chain of narrators. 



282 THE LIVES 0F mE SAHABAH '$&$&% (Vol-1) 

sitting in the Hateem. They were Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, Shayba bin Rabee'ah, 
Utba bin Rabee'ah, Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet, Umayyah bin Khalaf and another two 
persons. Whenever Rasulullaah Hl^i went into Sajdah (prostration), he 
lengthened his Sajdah. Abu Jahal asked the others which of them would 
volunteer to go to a certain tribe that had slaughtered some camels and bring 
back the entrails of a camel to throw on Rasulullaah W$i. The worst of them 
who was Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet brought it and threw it on the shoulders of 
Rasulullaah W0& while he was in Sajdah. 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood W&&6 says that he stood there watching but 
was unable to say anything because there was no one there to protect him (if the 
mob attacked him). As he was leaving, the daughter of Rasulullaah f&S&£ Hadhrat 
Faatima W&M® heard about the incident and came there. After she had removed 
the filth from Rasulullaah <£§££'s shoulders, she turned to the members of the 
Quraysh present there and admonished them. None of them were able to give her 
a reply. Rasulullaah W0& then lifted his head as he normally lifted it after 
completing the Sajdah and when he had finished his salaah, he prayed, "O Allaahl 
You deal with the Quraysh; deal with Utba, Uqba, Abu Jahal and Shayba." 
Rasulullaah &t$? made this du'aa three times and then left the Masjid. 
Wearing his whip as a belt, Abul Bakhtari met Rasulullaah Wife- Noticing the 
disturbed look on Rasulullaah £3$3!r's face, he asked, "What is the matter?" 
Rasulullaah &§ said, "Please leave me to myself." Abul Bakhtari insisted, "Allaah 
knows that I shall never leave you to yourself until you tell me what had 
happened. Have you been hurt?" When Rasulullaah {&S$| realized that Abul 
Bakhtari would not leave him alone, he informed him that the entrails of a camel 
were thrown- on him by the instruction of Abu Jahal. Abul Bakhtari said, "Come to 
the Masjid." When Rasulullaah OsffiOilt and Abul Bakhtari entered the Masjid, Abul 
Bakhtari confronted Abu Jahal and asked, "O Abul Hakam! Is it you who 
instructed that the entrails of a camel should be thrown on Muhammad?" When 
Abu jahal admitted that he did, Abul Bakhtari lifted his whip and smote Abu Jahal 
on the head. As the people started fighting with each other, Abu Jahal shouted, 
"Shame on you people! Muhammad wants us to be at loggerheads while he and 
his companions remain safe." (1 ' 

Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi and others have also reported the incident of Abul 
Bakhtari in brief. The narration of Bukhari states that after they had thrown the 
entrails on Rasulullaah {Ji$f , the Mushrikeen started laughing so much that they 
actually fell on top of each other. The narration of Ahmad quotes from Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Mas'ood 3SB3@» that he saw all seven of these Mushrikeen 
killed during the Battle of Badr. (2) 

Hadhrat Hamza WSR&& is outraged when Abu 
Jahal Harasses Rasulullaah' W& 

Hadhrat Ya'qoob bin Utba narrates that Abu Jahal once approached Rasulullaah 

(1) Bazzaar and Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.18) has commented on the chain of narrators. Abu 
Nu'aym has reported a similar narration in Dalaa'il (Pg.90). 

(2) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.44). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH W8ffli&& (Vol-1) 283 



W at Safa and caused him great harm. During those days, Hadhrat Hamza 
WU&i&ti was an avid hunter and was out hunting that day. His wife had seen what 
Abu Jahal did and when Hadhrat Hamza Wl&S&i) returned, she said to him, "O Abu 
Umaarah! If only you had seen what that man (Abu Jahal) had done to your 
nephew!" Hadhrat Hamza tg!ffi&t> was furious and without even entering his 
home, he proceeded as he was. With his bow still hanging from his shoulders, he 
entered the Masjidul Haraam where he found Abu Jahal sitting in a gathering of 
the Quraysh. Without saying a word, he lifted his bow above Abu Jahal's head and 
wounded him. When some others members of the Quraysh stood up to restrain 
Hadhrat Hamza 5S31«@e>, he said, '"My religion is the same as that of Muhammad 
1881%. I testify that he is the Rasul of Allaah. I swear by Allaah that I shall never 
budge from this. You may try to stop me if you are true in your religion!" 
When Hadhrat Hamza JiKa®* accepted islaam, Rasulullaah &^ and the 
Muslims were strengthened and they became more steadfast in their affairs. The 
Quraysh became frightened because they knew that Hadhrat Hamza *&&$&?> would 
be there to protect Rasulullaah (JUSHM 1 ' 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ka'b Qurazi narrates that once when Hadhrat Hamza 
JsSS&ftei was returning from doing some archery, a woman met him and told him 
that his nephew (Rasulullaah W®&) had suffered terribly at the hands of Abu Jahal 
who had sworn at him, hurt him and done many terrible things to him. Hadhrat 
Hamza S3S3ji@»e> asked, "Did anyone see him doing this?" When she informed him 
that many people had witnessed the incident, he proceeded to a gathering near 
Safa and Marwa. There he found the gathering still present with Abu Jahal sitting 
amongst them. Leaning on his bow, Hadhrat Hamza SBtf®s> told the people what 
he had shot with his bow and other things he had done. He then took hold of the 
bow with both hands and struck Abu Jahal so hard on the middle of his head that 
the bow broke. He then said, "Take that with a bow. Next time it will be a sword. I 
testify that he (Muhammad (JiSI) is the Rasul of Allaah who had brought the 
truth from Allaah." The people said, "O Abu Umaarah! He insults our gods and 
although you are better than him, we would never tolerate that even from you. 
However, O Abu Umaarah, you have never been an unpleasant person." (2> 

Abu Jahal Resolves to Cause Harm to Rasulullaah 
£tii and Allaah Humiliates him 

Hadhrat Abbaas &i£8&%> narrates that he was once in the Masjidul Haraam when 
Abu Jahal arrived and said, "I have vowed for Allaah that if I see Muhammad in 
Sajdah, I will tramp on his neck." Hadhrat Abbaas &3&S& says, "When I informed 
Rasulullaah ®i> about this, Rasulullaah (S8SI left angrily for the Masjidul 
Haraam and was in such a hurry to get there that instead of using the door, he 
scaled the wall. I said, 'This is bound to be a horrible day.' I tied my lower 
garment tightly and followed Rasulullaah gjjgir ." 



(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.267) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(2) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.267) has commented on the chain of narrators. Haakim has also 
reported the narration in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.192). 



284 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH %&&!&® (Vol-D 

When Rasulullaah W$Z entered the Masjidul Haraam, he recited: 

(r <^ :£j& hy>) {0 $* aC &fy J** J& iJJ' ^J ^i !$) 
"Read in the name of your Rabb Who created (everything), created man 
from a clot of blood..." {Surah Alaq, verses 1,2} 

Rasulullaah {$§£ continued reciting the Surah until he reached the verses 

referring to Abu Jahal, which read: 

(v <n :juii sjj-o ^0 J^i «\> 6^ J***** cA^J ?' aj"^/ 

"It is a fact that man (the Kaafir like Abu Jahal) is rebellious (even 
exceeding the bounds of humanity) because he considers himself to be 
independent." {Surah Alaq, verses 6,7} 
When someone informed Abu Jahal that Rasulullaah g|$f had arrived, he said, 
"Do you not see what I see? By Allaah! The horizons have been shut before me!" 
Rasulullaah W$£ then went into Sajdah when he had completed reciting the 
Surah. (1) 

Tulayb bin Umayr Avenges the harm that Abu 
Jahal Caused to Rasulullaah ^M 

Hadhrat Barra bint Abi Tajra W&&&9 narrates that Abu Jahal and few others once 
approached Rasulullaah ®SI and cause him much harm. Tulayb bin Umayr 
a&aSSjjs went to Abu Jahal and gave him a blow that wounded his head. When the 
other Mushrikeen grabbed hold of Tulayb JsSSSSeJ, Abu Lahab stood up to defend 
him. When news of the incident reached Hadhrat Arwa £@12®ei (Tulayb's mother), 
she exclaimed, "Verily, the best day of Tulayb's life is the day he assisted his 
cousin (Rasulullaah 8SSS)." 

When Abu Lahab was told that (his sister) Hadhrat Arwa W^^» had accepted 
Islaam, he came to reproach her. She said, 'You should also stand in defence of 
your nephew because if he dominates, you shall have some choice and if he does 
not, you will be excused because he is your nephew." Abu Lahab said, "Do we 
have strength (to fight) against all the Arabs? Nevertheless, he has introduced a 
religion." ' 2) 



Rasulullaah w&£ Curses Utayba bin Abi Lahab 
because of the Hurt he caused and he is Eventually 

Killed 

Hadhrat Qataada narrates that Rasulullaah (gj^'s daughter Ummu Kulthoom 
$%&&» was married to Utayba the son of Abu Lahab. At the same time, 
(Rasulullaah Sill's other daughter) Ruqayya E©S@# was married to Abu Lahab's 
other son Utba. However, she had not yet started living with her husband when 

(1) Bayhaqi as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.43). Tabraani has also narrated it in his 
Kabeer and Awsat. Haythami (Vol.8 Pg.227) has commented on the chain of narrators. Haakim has 
narrated a similar Hadith in his Mustadrak (Vol. 3 Pg.325) and commented on the chain of 
narrators. 

(2) Ibn Sa'd as quoted in isaaba (Vol.4 Pg.227). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $®SZ@gg> (Vol-1) 285 

Rasulullaah {HSi? announced his Nabuwaat. Allaah then revealed the Surah: 

May the hands of Abu Lahab be shattered and may he be destroyed. 

Neither his wealth nor the things he earned shall benefit him (when he 

faces the terrible punishment of the Aakhirah). He shall soon enter the 

flaming fire (of Jahannam) and his wife as well. (Evil is) That woman 

(his wife) who carries firewood. (This refers to her evil act of collecting 

thorny branches to place on the path that Rasulullaah QH^M frequented.) 

Around her neck (in Jahannam) shall be a securely-woven string (a 

yoke). {Surah Lahab, verse 1-5} 

Abu Lahab then said to his sons Utba and Utayba, "I shall have nothing to do with 

you two if you do not divorce the daughters of Muhammad." Their mother was 

the daughter of Harb bin Umayyah and she is referred to (in the above Surah) as 

"That woman who carries firewood". She said, "My beloved sons! Divorce them 

for they have forsaken their religion." The sons therefore divorced their wives. 

After Utayba divorced Hadhrat Ummu Kulthoom S©«@», he went to Rasulullaah 

{^i and said, "I reject your religion and have divorced your daughter so that you 

never come to me and I never have to come to you." He then assaulted 

Rasulullaah 8§Si and even tore his upper garment. This occurred when he was 

bound to leave for Shaam on business. Rasulullaah (£§$£ said, "I pray that 

Allaah unleashes one of his dogs on you." 

Utayba then left with a group of traders from the Quraysh. When they pitched 
camp at a place called Zarqaa one night, a lion circled their camp. Utayba said, 
"May my mother be destroyed! By Allaah this lion is certainly going to eat me as 
Muhammad had mentioned. Ibn Ai Kabsha (Rasulullaah W^h has killed me 
while he is in Makkah and I am in Shaam." Ignoring the others, the lion attacked 
Utayba and killed him with a single bite. Narrating from Hishaam bin Urwa and 
his father, Zuhayr bin Alaa states that after circling them that night, the lion left. 
The traders then slept, placing Utayba between them all. However, the animal 
leapt over all of them and bit Utayba's head off. Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Affaan 
©12®?) married Hadhrat Ummu Kulthoom W38£» after (her sister and his wife) 
Hadhrat Ruqayya l2@©®tS passed away. (1) 

Rasulullaah iH Suffers at the hands of his Two 
Neighbours Abu Lahab and Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet 

Rabee'ah bin Ubayd Deeli W®@&> once said to the people around him, "I hear you 
people talking a lot about the difficulties that the Quraysh gave Rasulullaah {£$i?. 
I have seen much of this harassment. The house of Rasulullaah SiSsf was 
between those of Abu Lahab and Uqba bin Abi Mu'eet. When Rasulullaah ^^ 
would return home, he used to find entrails of animals, blood and filth hanging 
(1) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.18) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



286 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH EBW&jjtg) (Vol-1) 

on his door. Removing these with the end of his bow, Rasulullaah {ji$gr would 
say, "O Quraysh! These are .terrible neighbours indeed!" (1) 

The Pain Rasulullaah &tB Endured in Taa'if 

Hadhrat Urwa SSSSSsS narrates from Hadhrat Aa'isha SglSGSSs the wife of 
Rasulullaah ®j!i that she once asked Rasulullaah (J^i, "Have you experienced a 
day more difficult than the day the Battle of Uhud was fought?" Rasulullaah ^§ 
replied, "Although I have experienced tremendous hardship from your people, the 
worst occurred on the day of Aqaba (Taa'if) when I presented my case to (their 
chief) Ibn Abd Yaleel bin Abd Kulaal (asking him to accept Islaam and grant me 
asylum). However, he refused to accept. I then walked away in great distress and 
my depression abated only when I reached Qarn Tha'aalib." 
"When I lifted my head, I saw a cloud shading me. When I looked closer, I 
noticed Jibra'eel %$&& in the cloud, he called me saying, Your Rabb has certainly 
heard what your people have said to you and how they responded to you. Allaah 
has sent the angel in charge of the mountains to you so that you may command 
him as you like.' The angel in charge of the mountains then greeted me and said, 
'O Muhammad W$sl What Jibra'eel #$&£ said is true. What do you wish? Do you 
want me to make the two mountains meet (and crush the people between 
them)?'" 

Rasulullaah &§&'s reply to him was, "I rather wish that Allaah creates people 
from their progeny who will worship only the One Allaah without ascribing 
any partners to Him." (2) 

Ibn Shihaab narrates that after Abu Taalib passed away, Rasulullaah fJSH3i went to 
Taa'if hoping that the people there would grant him asylum. There he met three 
leaders of the Thaqeef clan who were all brothers. Their names were Abd Yaleel, 
Habeeb ajnd Mas'ood who were all the sons of Amr. Rasulullaah Wife presented 
his case to them and told them about the impudent treatment he received from 
his people. However, their response was most appalling. * 3 ' 
Hadhrat urwa bin Zubayr SSSjSSS® narrates that after Abu Taalib passed away, the 
harassment that Rasulullaah 8i$f experienced increased tremendously. He then 
went to the Thaqeef tribe (in Taa'if), hoping that they would grant him asylum 
and assist him. There he met- three chiefs of the Thaqeef clan. They were all 
brothers whose names were Abd Yaleel bin Amr, Habeeb bin Amr and Mas'ood 
bin Amr. Rasulullaah (jf$| presented his case to them and told them about the 
torment and impudent treatment he received from his people. 
However, one of them said, "If Allaah has sent you with anything at all, I shall 
steal the covering of the Kabah!" The other said, "By Allaah! I shall never speak a 
word to you again after this! If you are really a Nabi, you are too honourable to 
speak to me." The third one said, "Was Allaah unable to find anyone besides you 
to make a Nabi?" 

(1) Tabraani in his Awsat. Haythami (Vol.6 Pg.21) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(2) Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.458). Muslim and Nasa'ee have also reported this narration. 

(3) Moosa bin Uqba in his Maghaazi. Ibn Is'haaq has also narrated it in more detail as quoted in 
Fat'hul Baari (Vol.6 Pg. 198). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&£ (Vol-V 287 

When news of what the chiefs said to Rasulullaah £!&£ spread throughout the 
town, the people gathered to poke fun at Rasulullaah ^SS. They sat in rows on 
either side of the road and took stones in their hands. Rasulullaah {JS5SS was 
unable to even lift a foot or put it down without them throwing a stone at him. 
Together with this, they continued poking fun at him and mocking him. After 
Rasulullaah g|$i had passed through their rows, he proceeded to one of their 
vineyards with blood flowing down to his feet. There he took shade beneath 
some vines and sat down on the ground in great distress and pain. Blood was 
still running down his feet. 

In the vineyard, Rasulullaah $&&£ saw Utba bin Rabee'ah and Shayba bin 
Rabee'ah. However, even though he was suffering tremendous pain and difficulty, 
he -did not want to approach them because he knew the enmity they bore for 
Allaah and His Rasool 0$$%. They then sent some grapes to Rasulullaah WH& 
with their slave Addaas who was a Christian from Nineveh. Addaas brought the 
grapes and placed it in front of Rasulullaah {£J8£#. When Rasulullaah {£i$f recited 
- "in the name of Allaah" (before eating), Addaas was amazed. Rasulullaah ®§| 
asked, "Where are you from, O Addaas?" When he informed Rasulullaah W®£ that 
he was from Nineveh, Rasulullaah {^^ said, "You are from the town of the pious 
man Yunus bin Matta $!&£." Addaas asked, "How do you know about Yunus bin 
Matta W^T Rasulullaah g|£@§ then informed him what he knew about Hadhrat 
Yunus 4$&£. It was the nature of Rasulullaah W$£ that he never regarded anyone 
to be inferior to himself and (even though Addaas was a slave) he conveyed the 
message of Allaah to him. 

When Addaas asked to know more about Hadhrat Yunus $£!&£ and Rasulullaah 
(51^ told him what had been revealed to him, Addaas prostrated to Rasulullaah 
&$%r. He then started kissing the feet of Rasulullaah &^ although blood was 
flowing from them. Utba and his brother Shayba kept silent when they saw what 
their slave was doing and when he returned to them, they asked him, "What is 
the matter with you that you were prostrating before Muhammad and kissing his 
feet? We have never seen you do this for anyone else." Addaas explained, "That is 
a pious man. The things he told me reminded me of a Nabi that Allaah had sent 
to us by the name of Yunus bin Mata $i*£ . He also told me that he is Allaah's 
Rasul." Utba and Shaybah laughed and said, "Let him not take you away from 
Christianity because he is a man who deceives." Rasulullaah <&$£ then returned 
toMakkah. (1) 

Another narration states that the people of Taa'if sat in two rows along the road 
of Rasulullaah £183$ and when he passed, he could not even lift a foot or put it 
down without them throwing stones at him. Because of this, he was covered in 
blood and by the time he had passed through them, blood flowed down to his 
feet. 

A narration of Ibn Is'haaq states that after Rasulullaah t&d§ had lost all hope of 
any good coming from them, he stood up and among other things, he said to 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Dataa'it (Pg.l03). 



288 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&!%$$&> (Vol-1) 

them, "Although you have done (to me) what you did, at least do me the favour of 
not mentioning any of this to my people." Rasulullaah W$£ did not want his 
people to know about what had happened to him because it would embolden 
them against him. However, they would not do this and the ruffians and slaves 
amongst them attacked Rasulullaah &Hfe. They swore and shouted at him until a 
large mob gathered against Rasulullaah i£i§ and forced him to seek shelter in 
an orchard belonging to Utba bin Rabee'ah and Shayba bin Rabee'ah, who 
happened to be there. The ruffians who were chasing him then returned and 
Rasulullaah ^$£1 took shade under some grape vines where he sat as Utba and 
Shayba looked on. They had already witnessed the treatment he had received 
from the Taa'if hooligans. The narrator says that among the reports he received 
was that Rasulullaah ®i? met a woman from the Banu Jamh tribe and said to 
her, 'Your in-laws certainly gave me great difficulty!" 

The Du'aa Rasulullaah £MM made after Leaving 

Taa'if 

Once Rasulullaah (J|$# felt that he was safe from the Taa'if mob, he made the 
following du'aa: 

"-4JLJW * 3y ^ J> ?j ^y J& J&\ dU dUa*-. ^ Jay jl 
TRANSLATION: "O Allaah! Only to you do I communicate my weakness, 
my lack of ingenuity and lack of importance among people. O the most 
Merciful of those who show mercy, You are certainly the Rabb of the 
weak and You are my Rabb. To whom shall you hand me over? To an 
enemy who will treat me harshly or to a near one to whom You shall 
give control over me? If You are not angry with me, I care for nothing. 
All I require is that Your protection should be vast enough for me. in 
the light of Your Countenance by which multitudes of darkness are 
turned to light and by which the affairs of this world and the Aakhirah 
are remedied, I seek. protection from being afflicted by Your wrath and 
displeasure. The causes of Your displeasure should be removed until 
You are pleased. There is no power and no might but with Allaah." 

Addaas who was a Christian Accepts Islaam and 
Testifies that Rasulullaah W& is Certainly the 

Rasul of Allaah 

When utba and Shayba, the two sons of Rabee'ah saw what had happened to 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $SH£%!»g) (Vol-1) 289 

Rasulullaah (JiM, their kinship with Rasulullaah tifsHtHit moved them and they said 
to their Christian slave Addaas, "Take a stalk of this grape vine, put it in a plate 
and take it to that man. Tell him that he should eat it." Addaas did as he was told. 
He took the grapes, placed it in front of Rasulullaah 1^^ and told him to eat. 
When Rasulullaah (Ji$| put his' hand in the plate, he recited - "In the name of 
Allaah". Addaas looked into Rasulullaah {JSSI's face and said, "By Allaah! The 
people of this area do not say such words." Rasulullaah ®ji§ asked, "From the 
people of which area do you belong O Addaas? What is your religion?" Addaas 
replied, "I am a Christian from the people of Nineveh." Rasulullaah &$> commented, 
"You are from the town of the pious man Yunus bin Matta <%$&&." "How do you 
know about Yunus bin Matta #§!&£?" asked Addaas. "He is my brother. He was a 
Nabi and 1 am a Nabi." Addaas then bowed in front of Rasulullaah £Si§ and 
kissed his head, hands and feet. One of Rabee'ah's sons said to the other, "He has 
caused problems for you with your slave." 

When Addaas returned to them, they said to him, "Shame on you, O Addaas! 
What overcame you that you kissed the head, hands and feet of that man?" 
Addaas replied, "O my master! There is no person on this earth better than that 
man. He told me things that only a Nabi could know." They said to him, "Shame 
on you, O Addaas! Let him never shift you from your religion because your 
religion is better than his." (1) 

Another narration states that Addaas said to Rasulullaah WtOUt, "I testify that you 
are the servant and messenger of Allaah." * 2) 

Hadhrat Aa'isha laSlaiSSs narrates that (her father) Hadhrat Abu Bakr W&8&?> once 
said, "If only you had seen Rasulullaah && and myself as we climbed up to the 
cave (of Thowr en-route to Madinah)! The feet of Rasulullaah ^§ were dripping 
with blood while mine had become (numb) like a stone." Hadhrat Aa'isha W&®&£> 
said, "Rasulullaah && was never used to walking barefoot." (3) 

The Hardship Rasulullaah W$? Bore During the 

Battle of Uhud 

Hadhrat Anas &&$&& narrates that the canine teeth of Rasulullaah £$i? were 
broken during the Battle of Uhud and he was severely injured on the head. 
Wiping the blood from his face, he said, "How can a nation be successful when 
they have injured his head and broken his teeth when he calls them to Allaah?!" It 
was on this occasion that Allaah revealed the verse: 

\ M oyjf s-&y j^.^h y j***** '-r'yi y v* j-* *' cr! ^ u~*f 

Ota :ob-»* Jl hy*) 
You have no choice in the matter (of punishing the Mushrikeen. Only 
Allaah decides if and when people ought to be punished). (If Allaah 



(\)AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.135) 

(2) Sulaymaan Taymi in his biography of Rasulullaah (gSSi, as mentioned in Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.466). 

(3) Ibn Mardway as reported in Kanzul l/mmaa/iyol.8 Pg.329). 



290 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH j$B)ff@ygS (Vol-1) 

wills,) He shall grant them the ability to repent (and become Muslims) 

or He may punish them (if He chooses not to guide them to Islaam), for 

they are indeed oppressors (oppressing themselves by not becoming 

Muslims). {Surah Aal Imraan, verse 1 28} ' * ' 

Hadhrat Abu Sa'eedKhudri W$%&& narrates that whe/t Rasulullaah OfflSJi sustained 

ah injury to his face during the Battle of Uhud, Hadhrat Maalik bin Sinaan W&gfrj 

turned to him, wiped the wound and then swallowed the blood. Rasulullaah Wfe 

then said, "Whoever wishes to see someone whose blood is mixed with mine, 

should look at Maalik bin Sinaan." (2) 

Hadhrat Aa'isha 13912®!* narrates that whenever Hadhrat Abu Bakr f&zmS) spoke 
about the Battle of Uhud, he would say, "Every credit for that day goes to Talha." 
He then continued to explain, "I was the first person to return to the fight (after 
the Muslims were taken by surprise) and I saw someone very fiercely defending 
Rasulullaah (j$P. I said (to myself) '(I hope that it would) Be Talha!' Since I ha1 
missed what (rewards of defending Rasulullaah W®£) I had missed, I wanted him 
to be a man from amongst my people (so that we may have the honour, and 
Talha was from amongst my people). Between the Mushrikeen and myself was 
another person whom I did not recognise. While I was closer to Rasulullaah 
&83$, he was running much faster than I could. He turned out to be Abu Ubaydah 
bin Jarraah." 

"When we reached Rasulullaah {8S1, his canine tooth was already broken and his 
face was injured when two links of his helmet pierced his cheeks. Rasulullaah 
W&& said, 'See to your companion!' Rasulullaah $$£ was referring to Talha who 
had become weak due to loss of blood. However, (seeing the condition of 
Rasulullaah {JS3§§) we failed to comply with the instruction and rwent to 
Rasulullaah $$0% to remove the links from his face. Abu Ubaydah pleaded to me, 
'By the right that I have (as your Muslim brother), do leave it to me.' So I left it for 
him. Because of the pain that it would have caused Rasulullaah (j§3££, Abu 
Ubaydah disliked pulling the links out with his hand so he bit hard onto it and 
pulled out one of the links. However, one of his front teeth fell out in the process. 
When I motioned to do as he had done, he again pleaded, 'By the right that I 
have, do leave it to me.' He then repeated what he had done the first time and 
another front tooth fell out with the link. Abu Ubaydah was one of the best 
looking people without front teeth." 

"After tending to Rasulullaah ffl&z, we. went to Talha who had fallen into a 
ditch. He had suffered seventy odd wounds inflicted by spears, arrows and 
swords. We then nursed him." (3) 



(1) Bukhari, Muslim and Tirmidhi as quoted in Jam 'ul Eawaa 'id (Vol. 2 Pg.47). 

(2) Tabraani in his Kabeer as quoted in Jam'ul Fawaa'id '(vol.2 Pg.47). 

(3) Tayaalisi as quoted in At Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.29). The narration has also been reported 
by Ibn Sa'd (Vol.3 Pg.298), Shaashi, Bazzaar, Tabraani in his Awsat, ibn Hibbaan, Daar Qutni in his 
Afraad, Abu Nu'aym in his Ma'rifah and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaa/iyoLS Pg.274). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B)£@^ (yd-p 291 

The Sahabah m%®& Endure Hardships 

and difficulties when Giving Da'wah 

towards Allaah 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wffl&& Endures Hardships and 

difficulties 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr &WS insists on Preaching Islaam Openly and is 
Grievously Hurt after Delivering a Sermon 

Hadhrat Aa'isha W&3W& narrates that on one occasion when the eighty three 
companions of Rasulullaah i£iii got together, Hadhrat Abu Bakr WWj insistently 
asked Rasulullaah &§ for permission to preach Islaam openly. Rasulullaah 
%8B said, "0 Abu Bakr! We are too few." However, Hadhrat Abu Bakr WW6 
continued insisting until Rasulullaah &SS gave the permission. The Muslims 
then scattered in different areas of the Masjidul Haraam, each one taking a place 
amongst his tribesmen. Hadhrat Abu Bakr &W$ then stood up to deliver a 
sermon as Rasulullaah W$t remained seated. This was the very first public 
sermon dedicated to inviting people towards Allaah and His Rasool &M. 
The Mushrikeen then attacked Hadhrat Abu Bakr &W» and the Muslims and 
wherever they were in the Masjidul Haraam, they were beaten very severely. 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr HSflWp was trampled and beaten most savagely. The wretched 
Utba bin Rabee'ah started .hitting Hadhrat Abu Bakr WHWt> with his shoes that 
had a sole stuck onto another (making them thick and hard). He hit Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr WOW? so much and also jumped on his stomach that the soles actually 
twisted and the nose of Hadhrat Abu Bakr WtiW?) could not be differentiated 
from his face. 

The Banu Taym tribe (to which Hadhrat Abu Bakr WZW>> belonged) came 
running and pushed the Mushrikeen away from Hadhrat Abu Bakr &W£. They 
then carried him in a sheet and took him home. By then they were convinced that 
he would die. The Banu Taym then returned to the Masjidul Haraam and 
announced, "By Allaah! We shall definitely kill Utba bin Rabee'ah if Abu Bakr 
dies!" thereafter, they returned to Hadhrat Abu Bakr &WS and together with 
(his father) Abu Quhaafa, they started talking to Hadhrat Abu Bakr WSW& to get 
him to respond. Hadhrat Abu Bakr &W6 finally spoke after the day had passed 
and asked, "How is Rasulullaah WBl" His people rebuked and criticised him. 
They then stood up (to leave) and said to (his mother) Ummul Khayr, "Take care 
of him and give him something to eat or drink." 

When his mother was alone with him, she insisted that he eat, but he kept 
asking, "How is Rasulullaah &0-?" She said, "I swear by Allaah that I have no 
knowledge about your friend." He said, "Go and ask Ummu Jameel bint Khattaab 
about Rasulullaah &£;" His mother left to meet Ummu Jameel and asked her,. 
"Abu Bakr wants' to know from you about Muhammad bin Abdillaah." Ummu 
Jameel responded by saying, "I neither know Abu Bakr nor Muhammad bin 



292 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ^Sm&t> (Vol-1) 

Abdillaah. However, if you like, I shall go with you to see your son." Ummul 
Khayr agreed and Ummu Jameel accompanied her until they came to Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr JssIliSsSaiJs who was lying down (unable to even sit) and extremely ill. 
Coming closer, Ummu Jameel cried, "By Allaah! Those who did this to you must 
be people of kufr and sin! I hope that Allaah takes revenge from them on your 
behalf." 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5£3!3<@»s> then asked, "How is Rasulullaah <^i?" Ummu Jameel 
said, "Your mother is listening." He said, "You have nothing to fear from her." She 
then replied, "Rasulullaah W§% is safe and sound." "Where is he?" Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr 3sJ3@eS asked further. Ummu Jameel said, "He is in the house of Arqam." 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr JjsJliKaSei vowed, "I swear by Allaah that I shall neither eat or 
drink until I go to Rasulullaah {£§$!." The two ladies then waited for a time (late 
at night) when the movement of people had calmed down and people were 
resting. Giving him support, they then took him to Rasulullaah &!&&. (When he 
saw Hadhrat Abu Bakr i®&!&») Rasulullaah £jj38r hugged him and kissed him. 
The other Muslims also hugged him and (seeing his battered condition) 
Rasulullaah (JS3SI took great pity on him. 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr &&&% said, "May my parents be sacrificed for you, O 
Rasulullaah W^Htl There is nothing wrong with me except for what that wretch 
did to my face. This is my mother who has been exceptionally good to me. You 
are a most blessed person so invite her towards Allaah and pray for her. Perhaps 
Allaah shall use you to save her from the Fire of Jahannam." Rasulullaah {&!&£ 
then made du'aa for her and invited her to believe in Allaah. She then accepted 
Islaam. 

For a month, the Muslims who numbered thirty-nine individuals stayed with 
Rasulullaah {Ji$§ in that house. Hadhrat Hamza bin Abdil Muttalib &&&$ (the 
uncle of Rasulullaah W®£) accepted Islaam on the day that Hadhrat Abu Bakr 
'&%&£ was beaten up. 

Rasulullaah $M Prays for Hadhrat Umar *g»g 
and he Accepts Islaam 

Rasulullaah @S^g made du'aa for (Allaah to guide) Hadhrat Umar W&®% or Abu 
jahal bin Hishaam. The du'aa was made on a Wednesday and Hadhrat Umar 
S!SS!« accepted Islaam on Thursday. (When Hadhrat Umar SUISSE accepted 
Islaam) The Muslims shouted "Allaahu Akbar" so loudly that their shout was 
heard in the upper parts of Makkah. The father of Hadhrat Arqam 3£83@9 who 
was a blind man and a Kaafir came out of his house saying, "O Allaah! Forgive my 
child Arqam for he has rejected our religion." 

(When he accepted Islaam) Hadhrat Umar S8«®9 said to Rasulullaah (Ji$i, "why 
should we keep our religion secret when we are on the truth while the false 
religion of the Kuffaar is made public?" Rasulullaah &S$i replied, "We are too few 
and you have just seen the beating we received." Hadhrat Umar &&$&?> said, "I 
swear by the Being that has sent you with the truth that I shall make my imaan 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (Q55@g> (Vol-1) 293 

known to all the gatherings of kufr which I had been part of." Hadhrat Umar 
Wt&8&$> then performed Tawaaf around the Kabah and passed by the leaders of 
the Quraysh as they watched. 

Abu Jahal bin Hishaam said, "Someone has mentioned that you have forsaken 
your religion?" HadhrafUmar *b3!S®# declared: 

"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but the One Allaah Who 
has no partner and that Muhammad {H38I is Allaah's servant and Rasul." 
When the Mushrikeen got up to assault him, Hadhrat Umar *S3,l2ffiS* attacked Utba 
bin Rabee'ah and (after overpowering him) squatted over him and continued 
beating him up and poking his fingers in his eyes until Utba screamed. (Fearing 
that Hadhrat Umar J&BiSSBSi would make their leader blind, the others retreated.) 
Hadhrat Umar is2!2(®>£ stood up (and left Utba) once the others had moved away. 
In the same way, whenever any group approached him (to assault him), he would 
grab hold of their leader (would beat him up and threaten to blind him) until the 
others gave up. He then proceeded to all the gatherings he used to frequent (as a 
Kaafir) and proclaimed the message of Imaan there. 

After asserting his dominance over the Mushrikeen, Hadhrat Umar HS&&6 went 
to Rasulullaah W$i and said, "May my parents be sacrificed for you! By Allaah! 
You now have no fear. Without any fear or trepidation, I have proclaimed the 
message of imaan in every gathering I used to frequent as a Kaafir." With 
Hadhrat. Umar $M» in front of him, Rasulullaah ($$£ went with Hadhrat 
Hamza J£K2®# to the Masjidul Haraam where they performed Tawaaf of the 
Kabah and then performed the Zuhr salaah without any fear. Thereafter, 
Rasulullaah &ti$ returned to house of Hadhrat Arqam J&I1&&&; in the company of 
Hadhrat -Umar *$«#. Hadhrat Umar *!»# later left by himself and then 
Rasulullaah M also left. 

The most correct opinion is that Hadhrat Umar WW6 accepted islaam onl/'after 
some Sahabah $&&$& had migrated to Abyssinia, which was six years after 
Rasulullaah {£333$ announced his prophethood. (1) 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr @S2ftgft» leaves for Abyssinia 

when the Muslims Face Intense Harassment and 

Meets Ibnud Daghina 

Hadhrat Aa'isha SSSSflfi* says, "I never knew my parents to be adherents of any 

religion besides the Deen of Islaam. Not a day passed when Rasulullaah S$i did 

not visit us every morning and night. When the Muslims were being harassed 

greatly, (my father) Abu Bakr decided to migrate to Abyssinia, when he reached a 

place called Barkul Ghimaad, Ibnud Daghina who was the leader of the Qaara 

tribe met him and asked, 'Where are you off to, O Abu Bakr?' Hadhrat Abu Bakr 

WSSSS&b replied, 'My people have exiled me and I intend travelling about and 

(I) Haafidh Abul Hasan Taraabllsl as quoted In Al BIdaaya wan Nlhaaya (Vol.3 Pg.30). It is also 
narrates in Isaaba (Vol.4 Pg.447). 



294 THE LIVES Of THE SAHABAH ^£i]iSm>S> (Vol-1) 

worshipping my Rabb.'" 

Hadhrat Aa'isha iSSBffiSs narrates further that Ibnud Daghina said, "O Abu Bakr! 
A person like you cannot leave and cannot be made to leave. You give people 
what they cannot find, you maintain family ties, you carry the burdens of 
others, you entertain guests and you assist in all good avenues. I shall grant 
you protection go and worship your Rabb in your town." Ibnud Daghina then 
returned with Hadhrat Abu Bakr JgJJS©® and he went around to all the leaders of 
the Quraysh telling them, "A person like Abu Bakr cannot leave and cannot be 
made to leave. How can you exile a person who gives people what they cannot 
find, who maintains family ties, who carries the burdens of others, who 
entertains guests and who assists in all good avenues." The Quraysh did not 
oppose the amnesty that Ibnud Daghina had granted but said to him, "Tell Abu 
Bakr that he should worship his Rabb in his house, perform his salaah there and 
recite as much of the Qur'aan he wishes. However, he should not annoy us by 
doing this in public because we fear that he would then mislead our women and 
children." Ibnud Daghina conveyed this message to Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wffi&&. 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr *&!12@£ then stayed like this. He worshipped Allaah in his 
house, did not perform salaah in public and did not recite Qur'aan in any house 
but his own. It then occurred to him that he should construct a Masjid in the 
courtyard of his house and here he used to perform salaah and recite the 
Qur'aan. The women and children of the Mushrikeen crowded around to look at 
him for they were overwhelmed by him. He was a man who wept easily and could 
not control his eyes when'he recited the Qur'aan. This development alarmed the 
leaders of the Quraysh and they send for Ibnud Daghina. 
When ibnud Daghina met them, they said to him, "We sanctioned the amnesty 
that you granted to Abu Bakr on condition that he worships his Rabb within the- 
confines of his house. He has now overstepped the bounds by building a Masjid 
in the courtyard of his house where he openly performs salaah and recites the 
Qurlaan. We greatly fear that he shall mislead our women and children. You had 
better stop him. If he confines the worship of his Rabb to his house, he may do 
so. However, if he is adamant to do so publicly, ask him to absolve you of your 
amnesty because we would hate to break our promise to you. We cannot (under 
any circumstances) allow Abu Bakr to make things public." 
Hadhrat Aa'isha G@S®!«S narrates further that when Ibnud Daghina came to 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3g3!3@&, he said, "You know well the conditions of the 
agreement I made with you. You may either confine yourself to these conditions 
or absolve me of the amnesty I have granted because I would not like to hear the 
Arabs say that I had reneged on an agreement I had made with someone." 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr ig).lS@« said, "I absolve you of the amnesty you have granted 
and am pleased with the protection of Allaah." The details of the Hadith shall be 
mentioned in the discussion of Hijrah. (1) 
A similar narration of ibn is'haaq states that after leaving Makkah with the 



(1) Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.552). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (QS@!gg) (Vol-1) 295 

intention of migrating, Hadhrat Abu Bakr &%&?> was one or two days journey 
away when Ibnud Daghina met him. Ibnud Daghina was then the leader of the 
Ahaabeesh (various clans that form part of the Qaara tribe). When he asked 
•Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©|2®s where he was headed, Hadhrat Abu Bakr $&l|2®£ replied, 
"My people have exiled me after, harassing me and making things difficult for 
me." Ibnud Daghina said, "Why should they do this? By Allaah! You are the pride 
of the family, you assist in all good causes, you are always doing good and you 
give people what they cannot find. Return (to Makkah) for you are under my 
protection." 

Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wti$&$ therefore returned with Ibnud Daghina and when they 
entered Makkah, Ibnud Daghina stood beside Hadhrat Abu Bakr JaJISftSfe* and 
announced, "O Quraysh! I have taken the son of Abu Quhaafa into my protection 
so everyone should treat him well." The people therefore stopped harassing 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr igXfflSSS. 

The concluding part of this narration states that Ibnud Daghina said, "O Abu 
Bakr! I did not grant you amnesty so that you may annoy your people. They 
dislike the place you have adopted (in your courtyard) and it annoys them. Go 
into your house and do as you please." Hadhrat Abu Bakr JfiHlS®« said, "Should I 
rather absolve you of your protection and content myself with the protection of 
Allaah?" Ibnud Daghina said, "Do absolve me of the protection I have granted 
you." When Hadhrat Abu Bakr H&&8&& absolved Ibnud Daghina, he stood up and 
announced, "O assembly of the Quraysh! The son of Abu Quhaafa has absolved 
me of the protection I have granted him. You may do as you please with him." ^ 
Another narration of Ibn Is'haaq states that after Hadhrat Abu Bakr WGSJ&& gave 
up the protection that Ibnud Daghina had given him, one of the foolish people 
from the Quraysh who passed him on the way to the Kabah threw some sand on 
his head. When Waleed bin Mughiera or Aas bin Waa'il passed by, Hadhrat Abu 
Bakr Wffi&9 said to him, "Did you not see what that fool did?" The reply was, 
"You have done this to yourself." Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wi£®&!> then said, "O my 
Rabb! How tolerant are You! O my Rabb! How tolerant are You! O my Rabb! How 
tolerant are You!" (2) 

The narration repdrted by Hadhrat Asmaa SS12(®»» has already passed (3) which 
states, "The shouts reached my father Abu Bakr as the people called out, 'Help 
your friend!'. As my father left us (I can still clearly recall that) his hair had four 
locks and he was saying: 

(YA :^>JI hy>) \ j&4J) tf C-i*JV J*5 *Uf JJj *JUI jrfj Jyy o' ^TJ O^-^f 

'Will you kill a man for saying, 'Allaah is my Rabb', when he has brought 
the truth to you from your Rabb?' {Surah Mu'min, verse 28} 
The mob then left Rasulullaah (ffijgi and turned on Abu Bakr. When he returned 

(1) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.94). 

(2) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.95). 

(3) Under the heading "Rasulullaah (ia25£ Endures Hardship and Difficulty when Giving Da'wah 
towards Allaah" and the subheading "The Harassment that Rasulullaah {££% Received from the 
Quraysh and his Response". , 



296 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $}&!&$$% (Vol-D 

to us, (he was beaten so badly that) merely touching the locks of his hair would 
cause it to fall off. However, he was saying, 'You are most Blessed, O the 
Possessor of Majesty and Honour."' 

Hadhrat Umar Wffl&& Endures Hardships and 

difficulties 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar WG%&& narrates, "When (my father) Hadhrat Umar 
&St®% accepted Islaam, he asked, "Which person of the Quraysh is the best 
informant?' When he was told that it was Jameel bin Ma'mar Jumhi, he went to 
him early in the morning. I followed my father to see what he was doing. 
Although I was then still a child, I understood everything I saw. When he arrived, 
Hadhrat Umar JSJ®®Si said, 'O Jameel! Do you know that I have accepted Islaam 
and entered into the religion of Muhammad {JsSSSi?' By Allaah! Jameel gave no 
response and left, pulling his shawl along with him. Hadhrat Umar WHXSS6 followed 
him and I followed my father." 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar W&&6 narrates further that Jameel arrived at the 
door of the Masjidul Haraam as the people were sitting in their gatherings 
around the Kabah. He then screamed at the top of his voice, "O assembly of the 
Quraysh! The son of Khattaab has become a heretic!" Standing behind him, 
Hadhrat Umar WS8m said, "He is lying! The fact is that I have accepted Islaam 
and I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad 
{j|$i is Allaah's Rasul." The people then attacked Hadhrat Umar mw» and they 
continued fighting him until the sun stood above their heads (midday). 
Exhausted, Hadhrat Umar tgM&H&i then sat down and the people stood over him. 
He said, "Do as you please. I swear by Allaah that we now number three 
hundred strong and we shall either leave Makkah for you or you leave it for 
us." 

As they were talking, an old man from the Quraysh arrived wearing clothes made 
in Yemen with a striped upper garment. He asked, "What is the matter with you 
lot?" When they told him that Hadhrat Umar Bmte had accepted Islaam, he 
said, "Then stop this. Do you think" that the Banu Adi tribe (to which he belongs) 
will hand their man over to you just like that? Leave the man alone." Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Umar W&Z&i says, "By Allaah! The people then (disappeared so fast 
that it) seemed as if a sheet had been lifted from Hadhrat Umar &S®%. After 
migrating to Madinah, I once asked my father, 'Dear father! Who was that old 
man who drove those people away from you in Makkah when they were fighting 
with you on the day you accepted Islaam?' He replied, 'That man, dear son, was 
AasbinWaa'ilSahmi."* (1 > 

Another narration quotes Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Umar WWd who says, "As he 
(Hadhrat Umar !iM$) was sitting at home in fear, Aas bin Waa'il Sahmi (also 
known as) Abu Ameerul Mu'mineen arrived wearing clothing made in Yemen with 
an upper garment threaded with silk. He belonged to the Banu Sahm tribe who 

(1 ) Ibn is'haaq as quoted In AlBldaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg,82). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |JB,USi%i?g> (Vol-V 297 

were our allies during the Period of Ignorance. He asked, 'What is the matter?' 
Hadhrat Umar 2SI!S@# replied, 'Your people want to kill me because I have 
accepted Islaam.' Aas bin Waa'il said, 'They can do nothing to you (for you are in 
my protection).' I felt safe once he said this. He then left and met up with so 
many people that they filled the vaHey. When he asked them where they were 
headed, they replied, 'We want that son of Khattaab who has forsaken his 
religion.' Aas bin Waa'il said, 'You can do him nothing.' The people then all 
dispersed." (1) 

Hadhrat Uthmaan 3£3$®g> Endures Hardships and 

difficulties 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ibraheem Taymi narrates that when Hadhrat Uthmaan 
bin Affaan SK$S!# accepted islaam, his uncle Hakam bin Abil Aas bin Umayyah 
securely bound him in ropes. He then said to Hadhrat Uthmaan 3£tl2®», "Have 
you turned away from the creed of your forefathers and turned to a new 
religion?" I swear by Allaah that I shall never release you until you forsake the 
religion you follow." Hadhrat Uthmaan Wm^i replied, "I swear by Allaah that I 
shall never leave it." When Hakam saw how steadfast Hadhrat Uthmaan W$®&t> 
was in his religion, he released him. (2 ' 

Hadhrat Talha WiX& Endures Hardships and 

difficulties 

Hadhrat Mas'ood bin Khiraash W5&&& narrates, "While we were walking between 
Safa and Marwa, we saw a large group of people following a young man whose 
arm was in a sling around his neck. When I asked who the man was, I was told 
that he was Talha bin Ubaydillaah who had accepted Islaam. Behind him was a 
woman who was furious and swearing him. When 1 asked who the woman was, I 
was informed that she was his mother Sa'ba bint Khadrami." (3) 
Hadhrat ibraheem bin Muhammad bin Talha narrates that Hadhrat Talha bin 
Ubaydillaah W$®% once told him, "I once visited the fair in Busra (in Shaam) 
when I heard a monk announce from his monastery, 'Ask the people in this fair if 
anyone of them is from the Haram.' I said, 'Yes! I am.' He asked, 'Has Ahmad 
made his appearance yet?' 'Who is Ahmad?' I asked. He replied, 'He is the son of 
Abdullaah and the grandson of Abdul Muttalib.' Tljis is the month when he will 
make his appearance and he is the last of all the Ambiyaa. His origin will be from 
the Haram and the place to which he will migrate will be a place with date 
orchards and land that is rocky and salty. Beware that others do not beat you to 
him."' 

Hadhrat Talha ©I2ffi# says further, "His words affected my heart and I rushed 
back to Makkah. When I arrived and asked people if anything had developed 
recently, they replied, 'Yes. Muhammad the son of Abdillaah (who is known by 

(1) Bukharl (Vol.l Pg.545). 

(2) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.3 Pg.37). 

(3) Bukharl In his TaareekJi as quoted In lsaat>a{\lo\.3 Pg,4l0). 



298 ™ E L1VES 0F mE SAHABAH fSSblime (Vol-D 

the title of) Al Ameen ('the trustworthy') claims that he is a Rasul and the son of 
Abu Quhaafa (Hadhrat Abu Bakr ©!2®e>) is following him.' I then went to Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr S!2@e» and asked, 'Do you follow this man?' Hadhrat Abu Bakr HS&&6 
replied, 'Yes. Go meet him and follow him because he certainly calls towards the 
truth.'" ' , 

When Hadhrat Talha JSMiSeS informed Hadhrat Abu Bakr 3&R2®ei about what the 
monk had said, Hadhrat Abu Bakr *SJ12!©# took Hadhrat Talha W&&& to 
Rasulullaah, &£ and he accepted Islaam. Rasulullaah &8j£ was pleased to hear 
what the monk had to say. After Hadhrat Abu. Bakr &%!&6 and Hadhrat Talha 
5&l!2i@£> had accepted Islaam, Naufal bin Khuwaylid bin Adawiyyah who was 
known as the "Lion of the Quraysh" captured them both and tied them up with 
the same rope. Even the Banu Tauym tribe (to which Hadhrat Abu Bakr SUSS®*© 
belonged) could not rescue them. (Because the two were tied together) Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr W5&&& and Hadhrat Talha JS3®@« were named "The Two 
Companions". The narration of Bayhaqi states that Rasulullaah $&§ then 
made the following du'aa: "O Allaah! Save us from the evil of Ibn Adawiyya." (1) 

Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam SiJMseS Endures 
Hardships and difficulties 

Hadhrat Abul Aswad narrates that Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam Wffl®S& accepted 
islaam when he was only eight years of age and migrated (to Madinah) when he 
was eighteen years old. The uncle of Hadhrat Zubayr 5SRS®« used to hang him up 
in a straw mat and use a fire to make smoke from the bottom. He would then' 
say, "Return to kufr!" Hadhrat Zubayr J&t!5®e> used to say, "I shall never be a 
Kaafir again!" (2) 

Hadhrat Hafs bin Khaalid narrates that an old man from Mosul came to them and 
said that he had accompanied Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam J&USsSa&i on a journey. 
He said, "We were in an arid land when Hadhrat Zubayr 5&ftwl»e» required a bath. 
He therefore told me to arrange for some privacy, which I did. (As he was 
bathing,) My gaze accidentally fell on his body and I noticed his entire body 
scarred by sword wounds. I said, 'By Allaah! The scars I have seen on you I have 
never seen on anyone else.' He asked, 'Did you see them?' Yes,' I replied. He 
responded by saying, 'Every wound of these was sustained with Rasulullaah <&$& 
in the path of Allaah.'" (3) 

Hadhrat Ali bin Zaid narrates thatsomeonewhosawHadhrat Zubayr 5S3.13®© informed 
him that there were scars resembling eyes on his chest which were made by 
arrows and spears. * 4 ' 



(1) Haakim in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.369) as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.29). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.89) and Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.151) has commented on the 
chain of narrators. Haakim has also reported it in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.360). 

(3) Abu Nu'aym, Tabraani, Haakim in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.360) and Ibn Asaakir as reported in 
Muntakhab (Vol.5 Pg.70). Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.l50) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(4) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol. 1 Pg.90). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH WSm&& (Vol-D 299 

The Mu'addhin Hadhrat Bilaal bin Rabaah 
SJ^@^ Endures Hardships and Difficulties 

The First Person to Make his Islaam Public with 

Rasulullaah &B 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Mas'ood ©ffi®» narrates that seven persons were the 
first to make their conversion to Islaam public. These were Rasulullaah &$§, 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr 5£RS@», Hadhrat Ammaar !&$!&$>, his mother (Hadhrat 
Sumayya S8l2i@si), Hadhrat Suhayb SI2®&', Hadhrat Bilaal SeiUs®* and Hadhrat 
Miqdaad &&&». While Allaah protected Rasulullaah (£!$§ through his uncle and 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr *U)2@>s> through his tribe, the others were captured by the 
Mushrikeen and made to wear coats of steel armour and left to swelter in the 
sun. Each one of them besides Hadhrat Bilaal 3£312®se> were compelled to do as 
the Mushrikeen wanted. For the pleasure of Allaah, he thought nothing of 
himself. Because the people regarded him as an inferior being, they used to 
capture him and hand him over to youngsters who would pull him through the 
streets of Makkah. All the while, he kept saying, "Ahad! Ahad! (Allaah is One!)" *'* 

The Hardships Hadhrat Bilaal *§ng Endured for 

the Sake of Allaah 

A narration of Mujaahid states that the other Muslims were made to wear coats 
of steel armour and then left to swelter in the sun. They therefore suffered 
terribly from the combined heat of the sun and the scorching armour. When, 
night fell, Abu Jahal would come to them with his spear and start taunting and 
threatening them. (2) 

Another narration of Hadhrat Mujaahid states that the Mushrikeen used to lead 
Hadhrat Bilaal &&&$ through the two mountains of Makkah with a rope around 
his neck. (3) 

Hadhrat Urwa bin Zubayr ©I3s@9 narrates that Hadhrat Bilaal S!£®ei was a slave 
of a lady from the Banu Jumh tribe. The Mushrikeen used to torture him on the 
burning sands of Makkah, making him lie flat on the hot sand (and place a heavy 
rock on his chest) so that he should commit Shirk. However, he would 
continuously say, "Ahad! Ahad!" When Waraqa (bin Naufal, the cousin of Hadhrat 
Khadeeja BgS<®«i) would pass as Hadhrat Bilaal i&tl£®& was being tortured, he 
would say, "Ahad, Ahad, O Bilaal (Allaah is certainly One). (Addressing the 
Mushrikeen, he would say) By Allaah! If you kill this man, I shall definitely make 
his grave a place of attracting Allaah's blessings and mercy." * 4) 
Hadhrat Urwa W&®&> narrates that wh en Waraqa bin Naufal used to pass by 

(1) Ahmad and Ibn Majah as quoted in At Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.28). The narration is also 
reported by Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.284), Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.149), Ibn Abi Shayba as quoted 
in Ar<mzt//£//w/77<?<3/(Vol.7Pg.l4)andlbnAbdil Barrin isti'aab (Vol.1 Pg.141). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hi/ya(Vo\A Pg.140). 

(3) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.2 Pg.166). 

(4) Zubayr bin Bakkaar as quoted in Isaaba (Vol.3 Pg.634). 



300 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH t&0$&e> (Vol-V 

Hadhrat Bilaal Wi%&t> as he was being tortured and calling out "Ahad" ("Allaah is 
One"), he would say, "Allaah is One, O Bilaal." Waraqa bin Naufal would then turn 
to Umayyah bin Khalaf who was responsible for torturing Hadhrat Bilaal Wffl&i> 
and say, "I swear by Allaah that if you kill this man, I shall definitely make his 
grave a place of attracting Allaah's blessings and mercy." 
Eventually, when Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wffi&& passed by one day as the Mushrikeen 
were torturing Hadhrat Bilaal &&!&$, he said to U.mayyah, "Do you not fear 
Allaah for (what you are doing to) this poor man? Until when will you continue?" 
Umayyah said, "It is you who had landed him into this trouble. You may rescue 
him from this treatment you are witnessing." Hadhrat Abu Bakr *S»23©# said, "I 
am prepared to do so. I have an Abyssinian slave who is stronger than him and 
more steadfast on your religion. I shall give him to you in exchange for this man." 
When Umayyah accepted the proposal, Hadhrat Abu Bakr SJUSBSg said, 'You have 
a deal." Hadhrat Abu Bakr Wi&ffl% then gave Umayyah the slave and after taking 
possession of Hadhrat Bilaal &©©#, set him free. Before migrating to Madinah, 
Hadhrat Abu Bakr JsSSffiSi set free seven slaves besides Hadhrat Bilaal SlSffi® 
for the pleasure of Allaah. (1) 

A narration of Ibn Is'haaq states that when the afternoon heat grew intense, 
Umayyah would take Hadhrat Bilaal Wi%@t>& outside and throw him down on the 
burning sands of Makkah. He would then command others to place a heavy rock 
on the chest of Hadhrat Bilaal JgJUSffiSfci and say to him, "You shall be left like this 
until you die or reject Muhammad and worship Laat and Uzza!" Despite his 
extreme suffering, Hadhrat Bilaal SHSffiSfc' would continuously say, "Ahad! Ahad!" 
Speaking about the torture that Hadhrat Bilaal &W& and the others suffered 
and about how Hadhrat Abu Bakr S£M freed them (because of which Hadhrat 
Abu Bakr HSXHUM received the title of "Ateeq" from Rasulullaah &8§, meaning 
"The one freed from Jahannam") Hadhrat Ammaar bin Yaasir W^&6 used to 
recite some couplets (which mean): 

On behalf of Bilaal and his companions, may 
Allaah abundantly reward 

Ateeq and humiliate Faakih (2) andAbujahal 

I shall never forget the night when the two of them resolved to hurt Bilaal 

Without having a concern for doing the evil that intelligent men stay far from 

They tortured him only because of his belief in the Oneness of the Rabb of all 

creation and because of his statement 

'/ testify that Allaah is my Rabb and my heart is content with this' 

'If they kill me, let them kill me but I shall never 

associate partners with Ar Rahmaan because of fear for death' 

O the Rabb of Ibraheem, Yunus 

Moosa and Isa, rescue me and do not let me be tested 

by those from the family ofChaa/ib who continue plunging into deviation 

( 1 ) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol . 1 Pg. 1 48) . 

(2) Faakih bin Mughiera, the paternal uncle of Abu jahal. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ftsgfl£%B!% (Vol-D 301 

who are neither righteous not just" ( ' ) 

Hadhrat Ammaar bin Yaasir W&®$& and 

his Family Members Endures Hardships 

and Difficulties 

Rasulullaah (£Hi Gives Glad Tidings of Jannah to 

Hadhrat Ammaar l&ffll&fc and his Family when he 

sees them being Tortured 

Hadhrat Jaabir *gXffi&9 narrates that when Rasulullaah &!$| once passed by 
Hadhrat Ammar S5,liSs@» and his family (his parents) as they were being tortured 
by the Mushrikeen, he said, "O family of Yaasir! Hear the glad tidings that your 
promised abode shall be Jannah." * 2 ' 

Hadhrat Uthmaan SH^SSs narrates that he was once walking with Rasulullaah 
(JleiSi in Bat'haa (a rocky area of Makkah) when they saw Hadhrat Ammaar 3s3!3©>e> 
and his parents being tortured in the sun to make them forsake Islaam. Hadhrat 
Ammaar iMs^&'s father (Yaasir 5JIJ!«®£>) cried, "O Rasulullaah &0i\ This has been 
happening forever." Rasulullaah {Ji§if said, "Be patient, O family of Yaasir. O 
Allaah! Forgive the family of Yaasir, which You have most certainly already 
done." (3) 

Hadhrat Sumayya W*®&J the mother of Hadhrat 
Ammaar W&Mzi Becomes the First Martyr in Islaam 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Ja'far Wi%&6 narrates that when Rasulullaah ^§ once 
passed by Hadhrat Ammar SPsSaSs and his family (his parents) as they were being 
tortured by the Mushrikeen, he said, "Be patient, O family of Yaasir. Be patient, O 
family of Yaasir for your promised abode is Jannah." * 4 ' The narration of Hadhrat 
Kalbi states that Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Yaasir &&i&9 was also being tortured 
(with his brother Hadhrat Ammaar and his parents $&%&&). The narration also 
adds that Hadhrat Sumayya ts©l2@« was martyred when Abu Jahal pierced his 
spear into the most private part of her body. Hadhrat Yaasir S5JiS®e> was martyred 
during the torture and (his son) Abdullaah fell (dead) when an arrow was fired at 
him. (5) 
Hadhrat Mujaahid stated, "The first martyr was Hadhrat Sumayya W&i&z> the 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.148). 

(2) Tabraani, Haakim, Bayhaqi and Ibn Asaakir. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.293) has commented on the chain 
of narrators. 

(3) Haakim in his Kuna, Ibn Asaakir, Ahmad, Bayhaqi, Baghawi, Uqayli, Ibn Mandah, Abu Nu'aym and 
others as reported in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 7 Pg.72). Ibn Sa'd has also narrated it in his Tabaqaat 
(Vol.3 Pg. 1 77) from Hadhrat Uthmaan SJJwSsSc. 

(4) Haakim Qazweeni. Ibn Kalbi has also reported the narration from Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 

(5) lsaaba (Vol.3 Pg.647). 



302 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH |3gJ,UM>g> (Val-1) 

mother of Hadhrat Ammaar W$$*& who was martyred tluring the early days of 
Islaam when Abu jahal pierced his spear into the most private part of her 
body." (1) 

Hadhrat Ammaar S£3®£5 is Tortured Until he is 

Forced to Utter Words of Kufr While his Heart was 

Content with Imaan 

Hadhrat Abu Ubaydah bin Muhammad bin Ammaar narrates that the Mushrikeen 
captured Hadhrat Ammaar &S@% and tortured him so brutally that (to save his 
life) he was eventually forced to blaspheme against Rasulullaah ®3$ and praise 
the gods of the Mushrikeen. When he came to Rasulullaah £133$, Rasulullaah 
V&6& asked him what had happened. He replied, "Happenings have been foul 
indeed, O Rasulullaah £133$. The Mushrikeen continued torturing me so much 
that I was forced to blaspheme against you and praise their gods. "How is the 
condition ofyour heart?" asked Rasulullaah (j$3$. Hadhrat Ammaar &&BS& replied, 
"I find that my heart is content with Imaan." Rasulullaah &$% said, "If the 
Mushrikeen repeat their torture, you may repeat what you said (to save your 
life)." < 2 > 

Hadhrat Muhammad bin Ammaar narrates that Rasulullaah &§ met Hadhrat 
Ammaar 5S8S®» as he was weeping. Wiping the tears from his face, Rasulullaah 
W&£ said, "The Kuffaar captured you and immersed you in water so many times 
that you were forced to say certain things (words of kufr). Should they do so 
again, you may say it to them again." 

Hadhrat Ameerul Mu'mineen bin Maymoon narrates that Rasulullaah £|3§§ was 
passing by as the Mushrikeen used open fire to burn Hadhrat Ammaar ^3^SS&. 
Passing his hand over the head of Hadhrat Ammaar W$8£&, Rasulullaah {Ji$8$ 
said, "O firel Become cool and comfortable for Ammaar as you had become for 
Ibraheem #88$." Rasulullaah <&$ then informed Hadhrat Ammaar S3!2®9 that 
(he would not die from the torture but that) a group of rebels would martyr 
him. (3) 

Hadhrat Khabbaab bin Arat m^m> 
Endures Difficulties and Hardships 

The Incident of Hadhrat Khabbaab &m$ and 
Hadhrat Umar Wft&$ 

imaam Sha'bi narrates that when Hadhrat Khabbaab bin Arat Js512<©»e> once came 
to the gathering of Hadhrat Umar bin Khattaab W&8&&, Hadhrat Umar Wi$$&s> 
made him sit on his own cushion. Hadhrat umar 5S),l2®fe' then said,, "Besides one 
man, there is none on the surface of this earth who deserves to occupy this place 
more than you." "Who is this man, O Ameerul Mu'mineen?" asked Hadhrat 

• {\) A/ Bidaaya wan N/haayaiy o\. 3 Pg.59). ' 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg'140). Ibn Sa'd has also narrated it in his Tabaqaat (Vol.3 Pg,178). 

(3) Ibn Sa'd in his Tabaqaat (Vol.3 Pg. 1 77). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $JSmm> (Vol-D 303 

Khabbaab W$&9. Hadhrat Umar &&&$ replied, "He is Bilaal H$2f&$." Hadhrat 
Khabbaab W&®&>> said, "He is really not more deserving than me because there 
were people amongst the Mushrikeen whom Allaah used to protect him while 
there was none to protect me. I had seen myself on a day when they captured 
me, lit a fire and then put me to ro'ast in it. A man then placed his foot on my 
chest and there was only my back to extinguish the fire." Hadhrat Khabbaab 
©£$©» then exposed his back which seemed to be affected by leprosy. ^ 

The Torture that Hadhrat Khabbaab WSffi& 

Suffered 

Imaam Sha'bi narrates that when Hadhrat Umar {&$&!$&& asked Hadhrat Khabbaab 
W$®% about the tortures he suffered at the hands of the Mushrikeen, he said, "O 
Ameerul Mu'mineen! Take a look at my back." Hadhrat Umar W&&& says, "I have 
never before seen anything like it." Hadhrat Khabbaab SJ2<@& then related, "They 
made a fire for me and (after throwing me in) there was nothing but the fat on my 
back to extinguish it." ' 2 ' 

Hadhrat Abu Layla Kindi narrates that when Hadhrat Khabbaab Sfti5®« came to 
Hadhrat Umar &S8&$, Hadhrat Umar ©Ii5®£ told the people to allow him to 
-come to the front and said, "Besides Ammaar bin Yaasir, there is none on the 
surface of this earth who deserves to occupy this place more than you." It was on 
that occasion that Hadhrat Khabbaab W&®Ht> showed Hadhrat Umar S!*@& the 
scars on his back that were made by the torture that Mushrikeen put him 
through. (3 ' 

Hadhrat Khabbaab i£»2®*8> says, "1 was a blacksmith and Aas bin Waa'il owed me 
some money. When I approached him to settle the debt, he said, 'By Allaah! I 
shall never pay you until you reject Muhammad!' I responded by saying, 'Never! I 
swear by Allaah that I shall never reject Muhammad &IS even after you die and 
are resurrected!' He said, "Then. come to me after I have died and am resurrected. 
There I shall have plenty of wealth and children and I shall then pay you.'" It was 
then that Allaah i^vealed the following verses of the Qur'aan: 

■* 9 * * & " , .'9 s sis st£>< S** Si * + fi +'*.}' ' ' * * , t ** * 3 & j-« + ** T *''\\ 

jffi&, .*>'. ,'> ?" 
(a. 13 vv \My> hy*) \ V* • 'ij* u-Jyj 

Have you seen him who rejects Our Aayaat and says, "I shall certainly 
be granted (abundant) wealth 'and children (in the Aakhirah just as I 
have them in this world)" Has he peeked into the unseen or has he 
made a pact with Ar Rahmaan (because of which he seems convinced of 
this)? Never! We shall shortly record what he says and continue to 
intensify the punishment for him (in the Aakhirah). (On the Day of 

(1) Ibn Sa'd in his Tabaqaat (Vol.3 Pg.l 17) as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal<yo\.7 Pg.31). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.144) 

(3) Abu Nu'aym, Ibn Sa'd and Ibn Abi Shaybah as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg.71). 



304 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $BS%iR&$ (Vol-i) 

Qiyaamah) We shall inherit from him (We shall be the complete owners 

of) all that (wealth and children which) he speaks about and he will 

come to Us all alone (without anything in his possession). {Surah 

Maryam, verses 77-80}' 1 ' 

Hadhrat Khabbaab WX%!&$ narrates that he once approached Rasulullaah <^i as 

he lay in the shade of the Kabah using a shawl as a pillow. It was a time when the 

Muslims were suffering terrible torture at the hands of the Mushrikeen. Hadhrat 

Khabbaab Js!»2®s> asked Rasulullaah j£jji$g£, "Will you not pray to Allaah (to stop 

the hardships)?" Rasulullaah W®& sat up straight and his face was red as he said, 

"Before you there were people whose flesh and tissues were scraped to the bone 

with iron combs. However, even this did not make them turn away from their 

religion. Allaah shall definitely bring this Deen to a completion until a time 

comes when a lone rider will travel from Sa'aa to Hadramaut fearing nothing but 

Allaah and wolves attacking his goats. However, you people want to rush it." ^ 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr W$&& Endures 
Hardships and Difficulties 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr Jil)2®Sg> Dispatches His Brother when 

he Hears about the Nabuwaat of Rasulullaah W$s 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas i£t!S@S) narrates that when Hadhrat Abu Dharr 
5!3!i3@e> heard that Rasulullaah {jjjj3$£ was sent as a Rasul, he said to his brother, 
"Ride to that valley (of Makkah) and find out for me about the man who claims 
that he is a Rasul and that revelation comes to him from the heavens. Hear what 
he has to say and then report back to me." His brother arrived in Makkah, heard 
what Rasulullaah £§$| said and then reported back to Hadhrat Abu Dharr J&»a@«9 
saying, "I saw him teaching sterling character and reciting words that are not 
poetry." Hadhrat Abu Dharr 5U!3sSse> said, 'Your report has not informed me what I 
needed to know." 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr J£Da@jg> Arrives in Makkah, 
Accepts Islaam and is then made to Suffer for the 

sake of Allaah 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr JS3|3(@ei took some provisions and a filled waterbag along 
with him and rode off to Makkah. When he entered the Masjidul Haraam, he 
searched for Rasulullaah W$& but did not recognise him. He did not want to ask 
anyone about Rasulullaah WtOO- either and when night fell, he lay down to sleep. 
Hadhrat Ali JSBSSeS saw him and realised that he was a stranger. (Hadhrat Ali 
&I&S&9 offered to be his host for the night and) Hadhrat Abu Dharr Jg82®« then 
went with Hadhrat Ali Sffi^Sgi. Neither pe rson asked the other any questions until 

(1) Ahmad as quoted in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.4 Pg.59). Ibn Sa'd has also narrated it in his 
Tabaqaat (Vol.3 Pg. 1 1 6) . 

(2) Bukhari, Abu Dawood and Nasa'ee as quoted by Allaama Ayni (Vol.7 Pg.558). Haakim has reported 
a similar narration in his Mustadrak (Vol.3 Pg.383). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&$&§> (Vol-1) 3Q5 

morning. 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr JgJS®^ took his waterbag and provisions along with him to 
the Masjidul Haraam and spent the day there. However, when evening arrived, he 
had not yet seen Rasulullaah W$s- He had returned to the place where he 
intended to lie down when Hadhraft Ali SJla®** passed by and said, "Has the man 
not yet found his destination?" Hadhrat Ali SP(®s then helped him up and took 
him home without any of them exchanging questions. When things turned out 
the same on the third day and Hadhrat Abu Dharr 2§3!*(@s> again stayed with 
Hadhrat Ali &M&&&, Hadhrat Ali 3g3l*®si asked, "Will you not tell me what brings 
you here?" Hadhrat- Abu Dharr H$2%&& replied, "I shall inform you if you give me 
your word that you would give me proper direction." When Hadhrat Ali 3§3!3s@?) 
agreed, Hadhrat Abu Dharr ©!£©& informed him. Hadhrat Ali 5S1)^®9 said, "It is 
true that he is the Rasul of Allaah. Follow me closely tomorrow morning. If I see 
anything that may jeopardise your safety, I shall stop with the pretence of 
needing to relieve myself (but you should proceed). When I continue walking, 
you should follow me once more and enter the place I enter. Hadhrat Abu Dharr 
SS3i@s> did this and followed in the footsteps of Hadhrat Ali *s3!3i@£S until Hadhrat 
Ali *gp@ei came to Rasulullaah &!$£ and Hadhrat Abu Dharr SHSSS& entered with 
him. 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr ipSgaS© listened to Rasulullaah tJiSJi and accepted Islaam 
on the spot. Rasulullaah ®I? said to him, "Return to your people and convey 
the message to them until I send further instructions." Hadhrat Abu Dharr 
&&$% said, "I swear by the Being Who controls my life that I shall shout it aloud 
amongst them all!" He then proceeded to the Masjidul Haraam where he called 
out at the top of his voice: 

aJUI Jj*,j Ijlo^ ol jl^aIj aJJI H\ 4IJJ H o\ M^ 
"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad {Ji$i is Allaah's Rasul." 
The Mushrikeen then beat him to the ground. Hadhrat Abbaas 5§5>2!®eS arrived 
and threw himself over Hadhrat Abu Dharr W@&» (to shield him) saying, "Foolsl 
Don't you realise that he belongs to the Ghifaar tribe and that your traders have 
to pass them on the route they use to Shaam?!" In this manner, Hadhrat Abbaas 
*gt|2®!g> saved him. The following day Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&OM repeated 
himself. The Mushrikeen again assaulted him and Hadhrat Abbaas ©JS®© had to 
throw himself over him (to save him). ' ' ' 

Another narration of Bukhari states that Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&®$& announced, 
"O assembly of Quraysh! I testify that there is hone worthy of worship but Allaah 
and that Muhammad &$£ is Allaah s servant and Rasul. " The Mushrikeen 
shouted, "Get that heretic!" They then beat him up with the intention of killing 
him when Hadhrat Abbaas W88&& arrived and threw himself over him. Turning to 
the people, Hadhrat Abbaas W&&& said, "Fools! You wish to kill a man from the 
Ghifaar when your trade route goes by them and you have to pass by them?!" The 

(1) Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.544). 



306 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&§&& (Vol-1) 

people then left Hadhrat Abu Dharr W&®&&. 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr S)t2@g> narrates further, "The following day I returned and 
repeated what I had said the previous day. The people again called out, 'Grab that 
heretic!' and they did what they had done the previous day. Abbas s W$M%> found 
me there and threw himself over me and again toJd the people what he had told 
them the previous day. "^' 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr &$&£ is the First Person to 
Greet Rasulullaah £Hi with the Greeting of Islaam 

imaam Muslim describes Hadhrat Abu Dharr *£}!j§®g)'s entry into Islaam quite 
differently. He reports from Hadhrat Abu Dharr SSaffiSei that after his brother 
returned from Makkah, he said to Hadhrat Abu Dharr JBJliSgagi, "I went to Makkah 
and saw the man whom the people call a heretic. He looks very much like you." 
Hadhrat Abu Dharr W$8iss> says, "When I arrived in Makkah, I saw a person 
taking his name and asked, 'Where is the heretic?' The man raised his voice 
above mine and shouted, 'Here is the heretic! Here is the heretic!' The people then 
started stoning me until I looked like a red idol* 2 *. I then hid between the Kabah 
and its covering, where I remained hidden for approximately fifteen days and 
nights without food or drink. All I had to drink was Zamzam water. I then met 
Rasulullaah W0& and Hadhrat Abu Bakr S3&@?) when they entered the Masjidul 
Haraam one day. By Allaah! I was the first person to greet Rasulullaah {Jill 
with the greeting of Islaam when I said: 

'Peace be on you, O Rasulullaah (£§§!.' 
Rasulullaah {£H§ replied by saying: 

4_UI 2U>jj _^}LJ1 d^ifij 

'Peace be on you too as well as Allaah's mercy.' 
Rasulullaah (i^? then asked, 'Who are you?' I replied, 'I am a man from the Banu 
Ghifaar tribe.' His companion (Hadhrat Abu Bakr S3!3s@§) said, 'O Rasulullaah 
(£j$i?! Allow me to entertain him for the night.' He then took me home in the 
lower part of Makkah and brought for me a few handfuls of raisins. Afterwards, I 
went to my brother and informed him that I had accepted Islaam. He said, 'I shall 
follow your Deen.' We then went to our mother, who also said, 'I shall follow 
your Deen.' Thereafter, when I invited my people to accept Islaam, a few of them 
did follow me." 

The Courage of Hadhrat Abu Dharr 3§3)£$§fisS when he 
Announced his Conversion to Islaam and was made 

to Suffer for it 

Hadhrat Abu Dharr '<&&$£ stated tha t he stayed a while in Makkah with 

(l)Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.500). 

(2) During the Period of Ignorance, the Mushrikeen used to anoint their idols with the blood af their 

sacrifices, making them red. Here Hadhrat Abu Dharr SffiSffig refers to his appearance as a person 

covered with blood. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B&®& (Vol-1) 3Q7 

Rasulullaah W/$s who taught him about Islaam. He also learnt a part of the 
'Qur'aan. He then said, "O Rasulullaah 0H?! I wish to declare my Islaam in 
public." Rasulullaah 0Ji said, "I fear that you may be killed." Hadhrat Abu Dharr 
W&&6 insisted, "I have to do it even if I am killed." When Rasulullaah £Sc§| remained 
silent, Hadhrat Abu Dharr SJ)*@§i proceeded. The members of the Quraysh were 
sitting in various groups in the Masjidul Haraam and talking when Hadhrat Abu 
Dharr ^&&9 announced: 

aJUI J^j IxUi a' M&j ^ ?! ty, ? 0* M& 
"I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah and that 
Muhammad W$s is Allaah's Rasul." 
In his own words, Hadhrat Abu Dharr *S3.1a®sJ narrates, "The groups then broke 
up and the people beat me up until they left me like a red idol, thinking that they 
had killed me. When I regained consciousness, I went to Rasulullaah W$£ and 
when he saw my condition, he said, 'Did I not forbid you?' I replied, 'O 
Rasulullaah {^Ul It was a need in my heart that I had to fulfil' I then remained 
with Rasulullaah &i$f . One day, Rasulullaah (M5I said to me, 'Go back to your 
people and come to me when you hear that I am victorious.'" ''' 
Another narration quotes that Hadhrat Abu Dharr S3!®a!8> said, "When I came to 
Makkah, all the people of the valley turned on me with lumps of earth and bones 
until I fell unconscious. When I eventually stood up, 1 looked like a red idol." * 2 ' 

The Hardships and Difficulties Borne by Hadhrat 

Sa'eed bin Zaid t and his Wife Faatima W£®$s® who 

was the Sister of Hadhrat Umar t W$&®$& 

Hadhrat Umar W&&& Hits Hadhrat Sa'eed §3t3®g> and his Wife Faatima W%&£ 
and then Accepts Islaam by Virtue of the Du'aa of Rasulullaah igi? 
Hadhrat Qais narrates that in the Masjid of Kufa he heard Hadhrat Sa'eed bin 
Zaid bin Amr bin Nufayl tgH%g&?> say, "By Allaah! I saw the time when Hadhrat 
Umar *Sil2®$ would tie me up in ropes because I had accepted Islaam." He then 
continued to relate the complete account. (3 ' Another narration states that he 
said, "If only you had seen me bound in ropes by Hadhrat Umar Sll3®ei when he 
was not yet a Muslim because I had accepted Islaam." (4) 

Hadhrat Anas 5£tG$@g> narrates that Hadhrat Umar W&S&6 once left home with his 
sword hanging from his neck when a person from the Banu Zuhra tribe asked 
him where he was going. He replied, "I intend killing Muhammad." The man 
asked, "How will you remain safe from the Banu Haashim and Banu Zuhra tribes 
(who will kill you) if you kill him." Hadhrat Umar S&@3 said, "It appears to me 
that you have also become a heretic and forsaken the religion you had been 
following." The man said, "Should I not inform you of something even more 

(1) Tabraani and Abu Nu'aym in Hifya (Vol. 1 Pg. 1 58). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol.1 Pg.159) and Haakim (Vol.3 Pg.338). 

(3) Bukharf (Vol. 1 Pg.545). 
(4)Bukhari (Vol.1 Pg.546). 



308 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$$& (Vol-D 

astonishing?" "What is it?" asked Hadhrat Umar S!£®s>. The man replied, "Your 
sister and brother-in-law have both become heretics and forsaken the religion 
that you follow." 

Hadhrat Umar &g&& walked away in a rage and when he came to them, 
someone from amongst the Muhaajireen called Khabbaab W&8&t> was with them. 
When Hadhrat Khabbaab 5Sfli®!sei heard Hadhrat Umar S)3®e> approaching, he 
hid somewhere in the house. When Hadhrat Umar S!ai@s> arrived, he asked, 
"What were those whispers I heard?" They had been busy reciting Surah TaaHaa, 
but they repfied, "It was nothing but something we were discussing." 
Hadhrat Umar JsKSaSei said, "It appears that you two have become heretics." His 
brother-in-law said, "O Umar! What if the truth lies in a Deen other than yours?" 
Hadhrat Umar WOzffl&Z) jumped at him and trampled him most violently. When his 
sister intervened to push him away from her husband, he smote her so fiercely 
that her face started to bleed. Furious, she said, "O Umar! What if the truth lies in 
a Deen other than yours? I testify that there is none worthy of worship but Allaah 
and that Muhammad I^M is Allaah's Rasul!" Hadhrat Umar 5H!i?@g> gave up and 
said, "Give me that book you have with you so that I may read it." Hadhrat Umar 
*gjt»i@»e> was literate. However, his sister said, "You are impure and only pure 
people may touch it. First take a bath or wash yourself." 
After washing himself, Hadhrat Umar S.l3s@s© took the book and started reciting 
Surah Taahaa up to the verse: 

"Verily I am Allaah. There is no Ilaah but Me, so worship Me and 
establish salaah for My remembrance." {Surah TaaHaa, verse 14} 
Hadhrat Umar 3U)2®g> then said, "Take me to Muhammad fJiil." When Hadhrat 
Khabbaab WS8&& heard this, he came out from inside the house and said, "Glad 
tidings for you, O Umar! I have strong hope that the du'aa Rasulullaah W@& made 
on Wednesday night was accepted in your favour when he said, 'O Allaah! 
Strengthen Islaam with either Umar bin Khattaab or Abu Jahal bin Hishaam.'" 
Rasulullaah (JiS! was then in a house at the foot of Safa and Hadhrat Umar 
Wi%8§& went to the house. At the door of the house were Hadhrat Hamza, 
Hadhrat Talha and several other Sahabah %&&&&. When Hadhrat Hamza 2$!3®9 
noticed that they were frightened of Hadhrat Umar S.lS@si, he said, "Yes, it is 
Umar. If Allaah intends good for him, he will accept Islaam and follow 
Rasulullaah W&. On the other hand, if Allaah intends otherwise, it will be 
easy for us to kill him." At that moment, Rasulullaah W$i was inside the house 
and revelation was descending on him. Rasulullaah $$$§ then came out of the 
house and grabbing hold of Hadhrat Umar ©ISSN's collar and sword handle, 
said to him, "When will you desist, O Umar! Are you waiting for Allaah to send the 
humiliation and punishment that he sent to Waled bin Mughiera? O Allaah! Here 
is Umar bin Khattaab. O Allaah! Strengthen the Deen with Umar bin Khattaab." 
Hadhrat Umar &$%&?> then said, "I testify that you are the Rasul of Allaah." After 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&!&&9 (Vol-1) 3Q9 

he had accepted Islaam, he told Rasulullaah {JS$# to come out of the house (and 
to perform salaah openly in the Masjidul Haraam). ^ 

Hadhrat Thowbaan SM^gi narrates that Rasulullaah gjSsi prayed, "O Allaah! 
Strengthen the Deen with Ulnar bin Khattaab." Early one night, Hadhrat Umar 
JbJS«8b!» had heard his sister recite: 

(^ : jJLp i>yJ) \ <Q jJb- (JjJI dbj j>~>\> \j>\J 

"Read in the name of your Rabb Who created..." {Surah Alaq, verse 1} 
He then beat her up so badly that he thought he had killed her. When he awoke 
before dawn the next morning, he heard her voice again reciting: 

(\ :,jIp jjj-.) 40 jB- £ jjl dbj jJA> ly I » 

"Read in the name of your Rabb Who created. . ." {Surah Alaq, verse l } 
He then said, "I swear by Allaah that this is neither poetry nor unintelligible 
whispers." He therefore went to Rasulullaah W$£ and found Hadhrat Bilaal 
®!£®jsi at the door. When he knocked at the door, Hadhrat Bilaal W&&6 asked 
who he was. When he said that he was Umar bin Khattaab, Hadhrat Bilaal JHI5$a»e> 
told him to wait until he sought permission from Rasulullaah 0$! for him to 
enter. Hadhrat Bilaal 5£t)5i@s) then said to Rasulullaah {J5JSJ$E, "Umar bin Khattaab 
is at the door." Rasulullaah {£!$$§ said, "If Allaah intends good for Umar, he will 
enter the Deen." 

Rasulullaah W$5 permitted Hadhrat Bilaal S!3@js> to open the door and then 
grabbed hold of Hadhrat Umar is)!3@s>'s collar and shook him saying, "What do 
you want? Why have you come?" Hadhrat Umar §3.13®?! replied, "Present to me 
what you call people towards." Rasulullaah WtOi said, "You should testify that 
there is none worthy of worship but the One Allaah Who has no partner and that 
Muhammad fS3i? is Allaah's servant and Rasul." Hadhrat Umar *£!!£@s> accepted 
Islaam on the spot and then told Rasulullaah f^§i? to come out of the house (and 
to perform salaah openly in the Masjidul Haraam). ^ 

Hadhrat Umar 3§5s®g>'s slave Aslam narrates that Hadhrat Umar JSBSSsSei once 
asked him, "Do you wish to know about the days when I first accepted islaam?" 
When Hadhrat Aslam asked to be informed, Hadhrat Umar 'tSM&i said, "I used to 
be one of Rasulullaah (H^'s strongest opponents. It was during an extremely hot 
day in one of the alleyways of Makkah when someone saw me and asked the 
where I was going. When I informed him that I was going after Rasulullaah {JjJSSE, 
he said, 'O son of Khattaab! You are saying this when this Deen has entered your 
very household!' 'What are you saying?" I asked. He explained, 'Even your sister 
has gone to the Deen.' In a rage, I returned and knocked at her door." 
"It was the practise of Rasulullaah ®i? to bond people without any wealth to 
others who were able to spend on them. There were therefore two Sahabah 
(8c§)5®si who were bonded in this manner to my sister's husband. When I knocked 
at the door and was asked to identify m yself, I said, 'Umar bin Khattaab.' They 

(1) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.3 Pg.191) as quoted by Allaama Ayni (Vol. 8 Pg.68). Ibn Is'haaq has reported a similar 
narration in detail as mentioned in Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.8l). 

(2) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol. 9 Pg.62) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



310 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH ®S!&&£ (Vol-1) 

(the two Sahabah ISJsffiSgi'with my brother-in-law) had been busy reading a 
manuscript they had with them and when they heard my voice, they hid 
somewhere inside the house, forgetting to take the manuscript with them. When 
my sister opened the door, I shouted, 'O enemy of yourself! Have you become a 
heretic?' I then lifted something in my hand and hj-t her on the head. She wept 
and said, 'O son of Khattaab! Do what you like for I have already accepted 
Islaam.' She went in and I took a seat. It was then that I noticed the manuscript 
by the door. "What is that manuscript over there?' I asked. My sister replied, 'Keep 
away from it, O son of Khattaab because you do not take the ceremonial bath or 
clean yourself thoroughly. Only pure people may touch it.' However, I insisted 
until she gave it to me." The rest of the narration continues. '^ 

Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon WH$ti$& Endures 
Hardships and Difficulties 

Hadhrat Umar &&§&*> narrates that Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon 5S313@g> noticed 
that while he could walk about in safety under the protection of Waleed bin 
Mughiera, the other Sahabah (Sc9!2®si were suffering great torment. He then said 
to himself, "There must be a great deficiency in me because my days and nights 
are spent in safety under the protection of a Mushrik while my companions and 
members of my Deen are suffering torture and hardships." He then went to 
Waleed bin Mughiera and said to him, "O Abu Abdish Shams! You have certainly 
fulfilled your duty, but I wish to absolve you of the protection you have granted 
me." Waleed asked, "Why is it, O nephew? Has one of my people perhaps harmed 
you?" "No," replied Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon S.l3i®s), "I prefer rather the 
protection of Allaah and do not want to seek protection from anyone besides He." 
Waleed said, "Let us proceed to the Masjidul Haraam to announce that I have 
been absolved of my protection just as I had announced the granting of my 
protection in the first place." The two men proceeded to the Masjidul Haraam 
where Waleed announced to the people, "Uthmaan here has come to absolve me 
of the protection I had been giving him." Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon &&$&%> 
then addressed the people saying, "What he says is true. He has been true to his 
word and an honourable guardian. However, because I prefer not to seek 
protection from anyone other than Allaah, I have absolved him of his protection." 
Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon SJ3®?) was returning when he noticed (the 
famous poet) Labeed bin Rabee'ah bin Maalik bin Kilaab Qaysi reciting poetry to 
a gathering of the Quraysh. Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon JgJJS®^; sat with 
them as Labeed was reciting a couplet which meant, "Behold! Everything other 
than Allaah has no substance. 1 ' Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon ©1£®!8> congratulated 
him by saying, "That's true." Labeed then recited another couplet which meant, 
"And every bounty must definitely come to an end." To this, Hadhrat Uthmaan bin 
Madh'oon JffiS£$s!» commented, "You are mistaken because the bounties of Jannah 
will never come to an end." 



(1) Bazzaar. Haythami (Vol.9 Pg.64) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH (@.&@?g> (Vol-l) 311 

Labeed said, "O assembly of Quraysh! A person in your company is usually never 

offended (no one .has objected to my poetry before). Since when has this started 

amongst you?" Someone in the gathering said, "This person is one of many fools 

like him who have forsaken our religion. Think nothing of what he says." Hadhrat 

Uthmaan bin Madh'oon ©12®?) rfeplied to the man and their dispute became so 

intense that the man stood up and slapped Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon 

S3!£®e> so hard that his eye was blackened. 

Watching what had happened from close by, Waleed bin Mughiera said, "Dear 

nephew! By Allaah! Your eye would not have received what it did (had you still 

been in my protection). You were enjoying a secure protection." Hadhrat 

Uthmaan bin Madh'oon S)2®& replied by saying, "True! However, dear Abu 

Abdish Shams, my good eye is very much in need of what its sister eye 

received for the sake of Allaah. I am now in the protection of One Who is 

much more honourable and more powerful than you." 

Concerning what happened to his eye, Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon S3.©!@^> 

used to say a few couplets which mean: 

"So what if my eye suffered for the pleasure of my Rabb at the hands of an 

irreligious and misguided person? 

At Rahmaan has already granted His rewards in exchange 

And whoever pleases Ar Rahmaan is certainly most fortunate 

Without doubt, even though you call me one who is misguided, astray 

and a fool, 1 shall still adhere to the Deen of Muhammad ^M 

In this I seek only the pleasure of Allaah and our Deen is undoubtedly the truth 

Even though this displeases those who oppress us and who overstep the limits" 

Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Taalib JsSjS®© composed the following couplets concerning 

the blackened eye of Hadhrat Uthmaan bin Madh'oon SU!£@gi: 

"In thinking of times of danger 

Have you become grieved and weep like a distraught person? 

Or do you weep in thinking of foolish people 

Who harshly oppress those who invite towards the Deen 

These people shall never desist from immoral behaviour as long as they remain 

healthy 

While deception is way with them and they cannot be trusted 

Have you not seen that Allaah has reduced the good in them 

And that we are upset about what happened to Uthmaan bin Madh'oon 

When they fearlessly slapped him over the eye 

Persistently taunting and hitting without abate 

Although he did not die instantly, Allaah shall certainly punish them 

Measure for measure, they shall be punished without any reduction "^ 

A narration of Ibn Is'haaq states that Waleed invited Hadhrat Uthmaan bin 

Madh'oon SsSaffiUgS to return to his protection, but Hadhrat Uthmaan bin 



(1) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol. 1 Pg. 103) 



312 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&$$*& (Vol-1) 

Madh'oon SJ3s@« refused. (1) 

Hadhrat Mus'ab bin Umayr W&&& Endures 

Difficulties and Hardships 

Hadhrat Muhammad Abdari narrated from his; father that Hadhrat Mus'ab bin 
Umayr Wi%&?> was an extremely handsome youth of Makkah whose hair was 
exceptionally well groomed. His parents loved him dearly. His mother was a very 
affluent and wealthy woman who clothed him in the best and most exquisite 
clothing. He wore the best perfume in Makkah and shoes made in Hadhramaut 
(considered the best). When speaking of Hadhrat Mus'ab Jg).l3@sei, Rasulullaah 
W$£ would say, "I have never seen anyone in Makkah with better hair, finer 
clothes and enjoying as many bounties as Mus'ab bin Umayr." 
When Hadhrat Mus'ab <&S$8&!> heard that Rasulullaah ®Sf was inviting people to 
Islaam in the house of Arqam bin Abi Arqam, he went to the house where he 
accepted Islaam and believed in Rasulullaah W$s. After leaving the house, he 
kept his conversion a secret for fear of his mother and family. He frequently 
visited Rasulullaah W$£ in secret but Uthmaan bin Talha once saw him 
performing salaah and informed his mother and family about it. They therefore 
captured him and kept him jailed until he finally managed to migrate to 
Abyssinia with the first group of Muslims immigrants. He later returned to 
Makkah with the other Muslims but his condition had changed because he lived 
a difficult life. His mother then stopped rebuking him. < 2 ' 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa W$®& Endured 

Hardhips and Difficulties 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa 5S3!3®Ss> Suffers at the Hands of the Roman 
Emperor and Hadhrat Umar W&8$s® Kisses his head afterwards 
Hadhrat Abu Raafi narrates that Hadhrat Umar 5Slli$®s> once dispatched and army 
to fight the Romans. With this army was a Sahabi $9S£$s!a> by the name of Hadhrat 
Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa JSDSsSSs. However, he was taken prisoner and brought 
before the Roman Emperor. When the soldiers informed the emperor that 
Hadhrat Abdullaah W&®&>> was one of the companions of Rasulullaah &$ii, the 
tyrant said, "I shall share my kingdom and my authority with you if you become a 
Christian." Hadhrat Abdullaah W&$&?> replied, "If you offer me your kingdom 
coupled with the kingdom of all the Arabs in exchange for leaving the Deen of 
Muhammad &Hi for a duration equal to the blinking of an eye, I would still not 
do so." The emperor said, "I shall then have you killed." "Do as you please," said 
Hadhrat Abdullaah Wm&. 

The emperor commanded his men to tie Hadhrat Abdullaah *£il2®8> to a cross 
and then instructed his archers to shoot their arrows close to his hands and then 
close to his legs (without killing him) as the emperor continued telling him to 

(1) Al Bidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.93). Haythami (Vol. 6 Pg.34) has commented on the chain of 
narrators. 

(2) Ibn Sa'd (Vol.3 Pg.82). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH &gpi%!&g) (Vol-1) 313 

forsake Islaam. However, Hadhrat Abdullaah @!3®£> kept refusing. The emperor 
then had him untied and commanded his men to fill a cauldron with water and 
bring it to a boil, Two Muslim prisoners were then brought and one of them was 
thrown into the cauldron. (After showing him this) The emperor again asked 
Hadhrat Abdullaah 3Ul£®s> toe become a Christian, but he again refused. The 
emperor then gave orders that Hadhrat Abdullaah S3.ISSS9 should be thrown into 
the cauldron. 

As Hadhrat Abdullaah *£3.l£@e> was being led to the cauldron, he began weeping. 
When the emperor was informed about this, he thought that Hadhrat Abdullaah 
S3)5®e> was frightened, so he called him back. Again he asked Hadhrat Abdullaah 
3sS2®»8 to become a Christian, but the offer was again refused. The emperor then 
asked, "Then what made you weep?" Hadhrat Abdullaah JgJGSsSg replied, "I wept 
when I thought to myself that once I am thrown into the fire, I will be killed 
instantly. I wish that I had as many lives as the hairs on my body so that each 
one could be given for the pleasure of Allaah." 

The tyrant said, "Would you kiss my head in exchange for your freedom?" 
Hadhrat Abdullaah SUOSaSs asked, "In exchange for all the prisoners?" The 
emperor agreed, "In exchange for all the prisoners." Hadhrat Abdullaah W&^H> 
said to himself, "Although he is an enemy of Allaah, I don't mind kissing his head 
in exchange for my freedom as well as the freedom of all the Muslim prisoners." 
Hadhrat Abdullaah &&§*& therefore drew closer and kissed his head, after which 
all the prisoners were handed over to him. 

Hadhrat Abdullaah &$$!&& then brought them all back to Hadhrat Umar &SS&». 
When Hadhrat Umar J£flS®» was informed about the events, he said, "It is 
compulsory for every Muslim to kiss the head of Abdullaah bin Hudhaafa Sl*®e> 
and I shall be the first." Hadhrat Umar W&&6 then stood up and kissed his head 
(so that Hadhrat Abdullaah &H%8*>s> should forget the unpleasant experience of 
kissing the emperor's head). '*' 

The Hardships and Difficulties Endured by 
the Sahabah %&&$$& in General 

The Torture the Sahabah $&&&& Suffered at the 
Hands of the Mushrikeen 

Hadhrat Sa'eed bin Jubayr narrates that he once asked Hadhrat Abdullaah bin 
Abbaas W^&6, "Was the torture that the Mushrikeen put the Sahabah (Sgt)2@Si 
through so severe that they would have been excused if they had to forsake 
Islaam?" Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas Sit2@£> replied, "Certainly. By Allaah! The 
Mushrikeen would beat one of the Muslims up and keep him so hungry and 
thirsty that he would be unable to even sit up because of his intense suffering. He 
was eventually forced to do whatever evil they asked him to do. They would 
torture him so much that he would eve n agree with them if they told him that 

(1) Bayhaqi and Ibn Asaakir as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.7 Pg.62). Isaaba (Vol.2 Pg.297) contains 
commentary on the chain of narrators. 



314 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH '$&&$$& (Vol-1) 

Laat and Uzza were deities apart from Allaah. In fact, the torture was so harsh 
that if a dung beetle was passing and they asked, 'Is this dung beetle your deity 
apart from Allaah?' he would say, "Yes.' They were forced to say this to save their 
lives because the torture was too much to bear." ^ 

The Condition of Rasulullaah Wife and the Sahabah 
$B&@$g> after Migrating to Madinah 

Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka'b *U!£@8S says that once Rasulullaah {£S$! and the Sahabah 
k f&&$£® arrived in Madinah and were hosted by the Ansaar, the Arabs started 
fighting them from a united platform. They were then forced to carry their 
weapons day and night. They would say to each other, "Will the time ever come 
when we can spend the night in peace without having to fear anything besides 
Allaah?" It was on this occasion that Allaah revealed the following verse of the 
Qur'aan: 

Allaah has promised those of you who have Imaan and who do good 

actions that He will definitely make them successors (of the rulers) on 

earth just as He had made those before them successors. And He will 

certainly grant (great) strength to the Deen that He has chosen for them 

and will certainly replace their fear with peace (on condition that) they 

worship Me and do not ascribe any as partner to Myself. Those who are 

ungrateful after this are sinful indeed. {Surah Noor, verse 55} (2) 

Another narration quotes. from Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka'b 5£K£®5) that the above 

verse of the Qur'aan was revealed when the Arabs started fighting the Muslims 

from a united platform once Rasulullaah &$£ and the Sahabah $&&$&& migrated 

to Madinah and were accommodated by the Ansaar. ^ 

The Difficulties that Rasulullaah Si and the 
Sahabah $B0@£> Suffered during the Dhaatur Riqaa 

Expedition 

Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari W&8&0 narrates that during one of expeditions they 
fought with Rasulullaah W®£, (transport was so scarce that) six people had to 
take turns riding a camel. He says further that (because of walking barefoot on 
rocky land) their feet were cut and not only were his feet cut, his nails actually 

(1) Ibn Is'haaq as quoted in AlBidaaya wan Nihaaya (Vol.3 Pg.59). 

(2) Ibn Mundhir, Tabraani, Haakim, Ibn Mardway, Bayhaqi and Sa'eed bin Mansoor as quoted in 
Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.1 Pg.259). 

(3) Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.7 Pg.83) has commented on the chain of narrators. 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $&&&& (Vol-D 315 

fell off. They then had to tie bandages on their feet and it was because of tying 
these bandages that the expedition was known as Dhaatur Riqaa ('An expedition 
of bandages'). ^ 

Another narration from Hadhrat Abu Burda ©!*®£ states that after narrating the 
incident, Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash'ari &&&& said, "I would not have liked to 
mention this incident." He said this because he disliked that his good deeds 
should be made known. He would also say, "Allaah shall reward this." * 2 ' (Although it 
is best to keep one's good deeds a secret to avoid pride, there are times when 
they are best mentioned.) 

Enduring Hunger when Inviting People 
Towards Allaah and His Rasool 



Rasulullaah (£Hi Suffers Extreme Hunger 

Hadhrat Nu'maan bin Basheer ©13®© once said, "Do you not enjoy as much food 
and drink as you like? I have seen your Nabi {H8i? during times when he could 
not even find poor quality dates to fill his belly." * 3 ' 

In another narration, Hadhrat Nu'maan S!2®$ narrates that when the Muslims 
received large amounts of wealth (as booty during the Khilaafah of Hadhrat Umar 
3U!3®s)), Hadhrat Umar 3£p@sgs said to the people, "I have seen Rasulullaah £!$•? 
restless the entire day because he could not even find poor quality dates to fill 
his stomach." (4) 

A Hungry Person will not Encounter Meticulous 

Reckoning 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra *UJ2@sg> narrates that when he once visited Rasulullaah 
W$f, Rasulullaah WH& was performing salaah in a sitting position. He asked, "O 
Rasulullaah W$i\ What has happened to you that I see you performing salaah in 
a sitting position?" Rasulullaah (J§$f replied, "Hunger, O Abu Hurayra." Hadhrat 
Abu Hurayra 3£3>S@se> burst out in tears. Rasulullaah ®i» comforted him by 
saying, "Do not weep, O Abu Hurayra. Verily the hungry person will not encounter 
meticulous reckoning on the Day of Qiyaamah if he hopes for reward (by 
enduring the hunger with patience) in this world." * 5 ' 

No Lantern or Fire is Lit in the House of 
Rasulullaah &M 

Hadhrat Aa'isha liS2®gi narrates that the family of Hadhrat Abu Bakr WS%f&9 once 
sent the leg of a goat to them. She then held it as Rasulullaah S§i§ cut it or it 

(1) Ibn Asaakir and Abu Ya'la as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol. 5 Pg.310). 

(2) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya (Vol. 1 Pg.260) 

(3) Muslim and Tirmidhi. 

(4) Muslim as reported in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.5 Pg.154). The Hadith is also narrated by Ahmad, 
Tayaalisi, Ibn Sa'd, Ibn Majah, Abu Awaanah and others as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.4 
Pg.40). 

(5) Abu Nu'aym in Hilya, Khateeb, Ibn Asaakir and Ibn Najjaar as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.4 
Pg.41). 



316 THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $3ml$fS> (Vol-D 

was she who cut it as Rasulullaah tffiM held it. The narrators states that 
whenever Hadhrat Aa'isha W&&& narrated this she would add that this was done 
without using a lantern. (1) Another narration adds that the narrator asked 
Hadhrat Aa'isha W£$&t>, "O Ummul Mu'mineen! Was this done in the light of a 
lantern?" She replied, "If we had oil to light a lantern, we would have rather ate 
the oil." (2) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra Wi%&$ says, "Many moons (months) would pass by the 
wives of Rasulullaah iSS? without any of them being able to light a lantern or 
make a fire (to cook). If they ever got any oil (then instead of using it to light a 
lantern) they would rub it on their bodies and if they ever got any fat, they would 
eat it." (3) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra Wi^&& says, "The new moon would pass by the family of 
Rasulullaah {^^?, followed by another new moon (two months would pass) and 
still a fire would not be lit in their rooms to bake bread or to cook any food." 
People asked, "O Abu Hurayra! What was it that they used to live on?" He replied, 
"Two black things, dates and water. They had Ansaar neighbours - may Allaah 
reward them with the best rewards - who owned milk-giving animals and would 
send them some milk." ^ 

Hadhrat Urwa %£&&& narrates that Hadhrat Aa'isha ISgffiS&ei used to say, "Dear 
nephew! I swear by Allaah that we (the wives of Rasulullaah W$$!) used to look at 
one new moon go by followed by another and yet another without a fire being lit 
in the rooms of Rasulullaah {S$i? during this period of two months with the new 
moons." Hadhrat Urwa JSJilS®*® asked, "Dear aunt! What was it that you lived on?" 
She replied, "Two black things, dates and water. The only exceptions were the 
times when the Ansaar neighbours of Rasulullaah W8$> who possessed 
milk-giving animals would send some milk to him, which he would give us to 
drink." (5) 

Hadhrat Aa'isha W%&& narrates that they would spend periods of forty days 
without a fire or anything else being lit in the house of Rasulullaah {J|$i. The 
narrator asked, "What was it that you lived on?" She replied, "Two black things, 
dates and water whenever we could find some." (6) 

Hadhrat Masrooq narrates that he once visited Hadhrat Aa'isha Sg»3s@s& and she 
invited him to share a meal. She then said to him, "Whenever I eat to my fill I 
cannot fight the urge to cry." "Why is that?" asked Hadhrat Masrooq. Hadhrat 
Aa'isha W&&s> replied, "Because I think of the condition in which Rasulullaah 
QsM> left this world. By Allaah? There w as never a day when Rasulullaah &M 

(1) Ahmad. 

(2) Tabraani as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol. 5 Pg.155). Ibn Jareer has also narrated it as 
mentioned in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.4 Pg.38). 

(3) Abu Ya'la as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.5 Pg.154). Haythami (Vol.10 Pg.325) has 
commented on the chain of narrators. 

(4) Ahmad and Bazzaar. Haythami (Vol.10 Pg.215) has commented on the chain of narrators. 

(5) Bukhari and Muslim as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vol.5 Pg.155). Similar narrations are 
reported by Ibn Jareer, Ahmad and Bazzaar from Hadhrat Abu Hurayra 5&IS8&9 as quoted in 
Majma'uz Zawaa'id (Vol.10 Pg.315). 

(6) Ibn Jareer as quoted in Kanzul Ummaal (Vol.4 Pg.38). 



THE LIVES OF THE SAHABAH $B)*i@?g> (Vol-D ; 317 

twice ate his fill with bread or meat." (1) 

Another narration states that Hadhrat Aa'isha E@2®«i said, "From the time 

Rasulullaah *&M arrived in Madinah until the time he passed away, he was never 

able to eat barley bread to his fill for three consecutive days." 

Yet another narration from HadKrat Aa'isha ISg|l£<©g> states that until Rasulullaah 

®i» passed away, the family of Rasulullaah ®s§ were never able to" fill 

themselves with bread made of wheat flour for two consecutive days. 

A third narration from the same source quotes the following words of Hadhrat 

Aa'isha ISgl2@s: "When Rasulullaah {HH passed away, he could not fill himself 

with even the two black things, dates and water." < 2 ' 

A narration of Bayhaqi states that Hadhrat Aa'isha I5©12®!S> said, "Rasulullaah ®i? 

never filled himself for three consecutive days though we would do so if we 

pleased because he always preferred others above himself (and would give others 

rather than eat himself)." * 3 ' 

The Difficult life that Rasulullaah &M Led 

Hadhrat Hasan JUJSSffiSei says, "Rasulullaah &SiJi used to assist people personally 

and even patch his clothing with pieces of leather. Until his demise, he could 

never eat both lunch and dinner for three consecutive days." * 4 ' 

Hadhrat Anas JiDSiSSs says that until he passed away, Rasulullaah fiie$l never ate 

on a table and never ate bread made from finely ground flour. Another narration 

states that Rasulullaah fiSH? never even saw. a roasted kid (a specially prepared 

delicacy during those times). ' 5 ' 

Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas Sl*s@e) narrates that many consecutive nights 

would pass by Rasulullaah §M§ when his family would be hungry without 

anything to eat for dinner. The bread they ate most often was made from 

barley. (6) 

Hadhrat Abu Hurayra W$@®s?> once passed by some people who were busy eating 

a roasted goat. When they invited him to eat, he refused saying, "Rasulullaah 

(Jfif left this world without being able to eat his fill of even barley bread." ( 7 ) 

Hadhrat Anas &S8&9 narrates that when Hadhrat Faatima W3Q&& once gave 

Rasulullaah $&$• piece of barley bread to eat, he said, "This is the first food your 

father has eaten in three days." A narration of Tabraani adds that Rasulullaah 

&am